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Cancer Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223104/improvement-of-relative-survival-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-emerging-from-population-based-cancer-registries-in-switzerland-between-2001-and-2013
#1
Annatina Schnegg-Kaufmann, Anita Feller, Helen Baldomero, Alicia Rovo, Markus G Manz, Michael Gregor, Anna Efthymiou, Mario Bargetzi, Urs Hess, Olivier Spertini, Yves Chalandon, Jakob R Passweg, Georg Stussi, Volker Arndt, Nicolas Bonadies
Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) is a rare and heterogeneous haematological malignancy with increasing incidence in the elderly. We performed a population-based, observational analysis of AML cases reported to the Cantonal Cancer Registries in Switzerland. Data was aggregated by the National Institute for Epidemiology and Cancer Registration and stratified for the two time periods 2001-2007 and 2008-2013. Overall, 2351 new AML cases were registered with a stable age-standardised incidence rate (3.0 [95 CI: 2.8-3...
December 6, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216565/incidence-prevalence-mortality-disability-adjusted-life-years-and-risk-factors-of-cancer-in-australia-and-comparison-with-oecd-countries-1990-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#2
Yohannes Adama Melaku, Sarah L Appleton, Tiffany K Gill, Felix A Ogbo, Elizabeth Buckley, Zumin Shi, Tim Driscoll, Robert Adams, Benjamin C Cowie, Christina Fitzmaurice
BACKGROUND: Comparative evidence on the burden, trend, and risk factors of cancer is limited. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, we aimed to assess cancer burden - incidence, prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) - and attributable risk factors for Australia between 1990 and 2015, and to compare them with those of 34 members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). METHODS: The general GBD cancer estimation methods were used with data input from vital registration systems and cancer registries...
December 4, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175263/missing-data-and-chance-variation-in-public-reporting-of-cancer-stage-at-diagnosis-cross-sectional-analysis-of-population-based-data-in-england
#3
Matthew E Barclay, Georgios Lyratzopoulos, David C Greenberg, Gary A Abel
BACKGROUND: The percentage of cancer patients diagnosed at an early stage is reported publicly for geographically-defined populations corresponding to healthcare commissioning organisations in England, and linked to pay-for-performance targets. Given that stage is incompletely recorded, we investigated the extent to which this indicator reflects underlying organisational differences rather than differences in stage completeness and chance variation. METHODS: We used population-based data on patients diagnosed with one of ten cancer sites in 2013 (bladder, breast, colorectal, endometrial, lung, ovarian, prostate, renal, NHL, and melanoma)...
November 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175052/changing-temporal-trends-in-non-aids-cancer-mortality-among-people-diagnosed-with-aids-san-francisco-california-1996-2013
#4
Nancy A Hessol, Danning Ma, Susan Scheer, Ling C Hsu, Sandra K Schwarcz
BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced AIDS-defining cancer (ADC) mortality, but its effect on non-AIDS-defining cancer (NADC) mortality is unclear. To help inform cancer prevention and screening, we evaluated trends in NADC mortality among people with AIDS (PWA) in the ART era. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study analyzed AIDS surveillance data, including causes of death from death certificates, for PWA in San Francisco who died in 1996-2013...
November 22, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161609/cancers-in-france-in-2015-attributable-to-high-body-mass-index
#5
Melina Arnold, Marina Touillaud, Laure Dossus, Heinz Freisling, Freddie Bray, Irène Margaritis, Valérie Deschamps, Isabelle Soerjomataram
BACKGROUND: Overweight, as defined by high body mass index (BMI), is an established risk factor for various morbidities including cancer. Globally, its prevalence has increased markedly over the past decades. The aim of this study was to estimate the proportion and number of cancers that were attributable to high BMI in France in 2015. METHODS: Population attributable fractions (PAFs) and numbers of cancer cases attributable to high BMI (a population mean BMI above the optimum of 22kg/m(2)) were estimated by age and sex, for cancer sites with convincing or probable evidence of an established causal link...
November 18, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145004/effects-of-primary-care-physician-density-urologist-presence-and-insurance-status-on-stage-of-diagnosis-for-urologic-malignancies
#6
Kristy D Nguyen, Zain Z Hyder, Marshall D Shaw, Sarah B Maness, Michael S Cookson, Sanjay G Patel, Kelly L Stratton
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of PCP density, insurance status, and urologist presence on stage of diagnosis for urologic malignancies. Cancer stage at diagnosis is an important outcome predictor. Studies have shown an inverse relationship to primary care physician (PCP) density and insurance coverage with stage of cancer diagnosis. METHODS: Data was obtained from OK2Share, an Oklahoma Central Cancer Registry, for bladder, kidney, and prostate cancer from 2000 to 2010...
November 13, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128708/childhood-brain-tumours-early-infections-and-immune-stimulation-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-escale-and-estelle-case-control-studies-sfce-france
#7
Judith E Lupatsch, Helen D Bailey, Brigitte Lacour, Christelle Dufour, Anne-Isabelle Bertozzi, Pierre Leblond, Cécile Faure-Conter, Isabelle Pellier, Claire Freycon, François Doz, Stéphanie Puget, Stéphane Ducassou, Laurent Orsi, Jacqueline Clavel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated whether early infections and factors potentially related to early immune stimulation might be involved in the aetiology of childhood brain tumours (CBT). In this study, we investigated the associations between CBT with early day-care attendance, history of early common infections, atopic conditions (asthma/wheezing, eczema, allergic rhinitis), early farm residence/visits and contact with animals. METHODS: We pooled data from two nationwide French case-control studies, the ESCALE and ESTELLE studies...
November 10, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127946/seasonal-trends-of-diagnosis-of-childhood-malignant-diseases-and-viral-prevalence-in-south-korea
#8
Kyu Seok Shim, Min Hyung Kim, Choong Nam Shim, Minkyu Han, In Seok Lim, Soo Ahn Chae, Sin Weon Yun, Na Mi Lee, Dae Yong Yi, Hyery Kim
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported a seasonal trend in the diagnosis of childhood cancer suggesting seasonal factors such as infection. The present study aimed to analyze the diagnosis pattern of childhood malignant diseases using public health data, and to compare this pattern with seasonal viral infection trends. METHOD: Using the open data source of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, we extracted data regarding all patients under 21 years of age and who had any cancer, aplastic anemia or myelodysplastic syndrome between September 2009 and December 2013...
November 8, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126091/older-cancer-patients-in-cancer-clinical-trials-are-underrepresented-systematic-literature-review-of-almost-5000-meta-and-pooled-analyses-of-phase-iii-randomized-trials-of-survival-from-breast-prostate-and-lung-cancer
#9
REVIEW
Cita Dunn, Andrew Wilson, Freddy Sitas
BACKGROUND: Older people represent increasing proportions of the population with cancer. To understand the representivity of cancer treatments in older people, we performed a systematic literature review using PRISMA guidelines of the age distribution of clinical trial participants for three leading cancer types, namely breast, prostate, and lung. METHODS: We used PubMed to identify articles detailing meta or pooled-analyses of phase III, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of survival for breast, prostate and lung cancer, published ≤5 years from 2016...
November 7, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121606/pattern-of-hematological-malignancies-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-bangladesh
#10
Md Mahbub Hasan, Enayetur Raheem, Tanvira Afroze Sultana, Mohammad Sorowar Hossain
INTRODUCTION: The adolescent and young adult (AYA) age group (15-39 years) bears distinct characteristics in terms of cancer biology, long-term health and treatment-related complications and psychosocial aspects. The overall scenario of cancer including hematological malignancies (HMs) is largely unknown in Bangladesh, where a significant proportion of people (44% of total population) belong to AYA age group. This study aims to describe the patterns of HM among AYA in the context of Bangladesh METHODS: Two previously published datasets (on hematological malignancies and childhood and adolescent cancer) were merged to construct a comprehensive dataset focusing exclusively on HMs in AYA age group...
November 6, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102692/smoking-cessation-and-subsequent-risk-of-cancer-a-pooled-analysis-of-eight-population-based-cohort-studies-in-japan
#11
Eiko Saito, Manami Inoue, Shoichiro Tsugane, Hidemi Ito, Keitaro Matsuo, Kenji Wakai, Keiko Wada, Chisato Nagata, Akiko Tamakoshi, Yumi Sugawara, Ichiro Tsuji, Tetsuya Mizoue, Keitaro Tanaka, Shizuka Sasazuki
BACKGROUND: Although East Asia is one of the largest tobacco-epidemic regions in the world, only a few prospective studies from Asia have investigated the impact of smoking and cessation of smoking on cancer. We aimed to assess the effect of cessation of smoking on the risk of cancer using eight population-based cohort studies in Japan. METHODS: We analyzed pooled data from eight population-based prospective cohort studies in Japan with more than 320,000 participants to assess the effect of smoking cessation on the risk of total cancers and smoking-related cancers...
November 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096319/the-remarkable-geographical-pattern-of-gastric-cancer-mortality-in-ecuador
#12
Nadia Montero-Oleas, Solange Núñez-González, Daniel Simancas-Racines
AIM: This study was aimed to describe the gastric cancer mortality trend, and to analyze the spatial distribution of gastric cancer mortality in Ecuador, between 2004 and 2015. METHODS: Data were collected from the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC) database. Crude gastric cancer mortality rates, standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and indirect standardized mortality rates (ISMRs) were calculated per 100,000 persons. For time trend analysis, joinpoint regression was used...
December 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080448/assessment-of-salivary-cotinine-concentration-among-general-non-smokers-population-before-and-after-spanish-smoking-legislations
#13
Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Marcela Fu, Raúl Perez-Ortuño, Montse Ballbè, Marc Sampedro-Vida, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, José A Pascual, Esteve Fernández, Jose M Martínez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: In Spain, two smoke-free laws have been passed (Law 28/2005 and Law 42/2010).This study evaluates the association between Spanish smoking legislations and the second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure in an adult non-smoking population cohort in Barcelona (Spain). METHODS: This is a longitudinal study, before and after the implementation of two national smoking bans, in a representative sample of adults (≥16years old) from Barcelona (Spain) surveyed in 2004-2005 and followed up in 2013-2014 (n=736)...
October 25, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080447/epidemiology-of-malignant-peritoneal-mesothelioma-a-population-based-study
#14
Silja A S Salo, Ilkka Ilonen, Sanna Laaksonen, Marjukka Myllärniemi, Jarmo A Salo, Tuomo Rantanen
BACKGROUND: Malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (MPeM) is a rare cancer of the mesothelial cells in the peritoneum with poor prognosis. Earlier reports from other countries indicate an incidence of 0.2-3 new cases per million per year. No previous studies have examined the national epidemiology of MPeM in Nordic countries. This study aimed to clarify the epidemiology of MPeM in Finland over a 12-year period. METHODS: The data consisted of cancer notifications, laboratory notifications, and death certificate information in the Finnish Cancer Registry (FCR) and Statistics Finland (SF) of all MPeM patients from 2000 to 2012 in Finland...
October 25, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078121/cancer-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-national-incidence-and-characteristics-in-japan
#15
Izumi Inoue, Fumiaki Nakamura, Kimikazu Matsumoto, Tetsuya Takimoto, Takahiro Higashi
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer are confronted with unique challenges in areas of paramount concern within their age group, such as fertility, education, career, and delayed and long-term effects of treatment. However, the extent and depth of the problem has never been examined in the Japanese population. The aim of this study was to describe the status of cancer patients in the AYA population, using data from the hospital-based cancer registry (HBCR). STUDY DESIGN: Patients included in the HBCR from January 2011 to December 2014 were included in this study to evaluate the incidence and cancer distribution trends among AYA...
October 24, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073511/differences-between-peritoneal-and-pleural-mesothelioma-in-lombardy-italy
#16
Carolina Mensi, Marco Mendola, Barbara Dallari, Maryam Sokooti, Ramin Tabibi, Luciano Riboldi, Dario Consonni
BACKGROUND: We examined characteristics of peritoneal (PEM) and pleural (PLM) mesothelioma in Lombardy, Italy. METHODS: From the Lombardy Mesothelioma Registry we selected PEM (N=300) and PLM (N=5011) cases diagnosed in 2000-2014. We investigated asbestos exposure and presence of asbestosis or pleural plaques. RESULTS: Incidence rates (per 1,000,000 person-years, world standardized) of PEM were 1.2 (men) and 0.9 (women), compared with 22.6 and 8...
October 23, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049937/risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-women-with-endometrial-cancer-compared-to-cancer-free-women-in-the-women-s-health-initiative
#17
Ashley S Felix, Amy Lehman, Randi E Foraker, Michelle J Naughton, Julie K Bower, Lewis Kuller, Gloria E Sarto, Marcia L Stefanick, Linda Van Horn, Rebecca D Jackson, Electra D Paskett
BACKGROUND: The majority of women diagnosed with endometrial cancer (EC) have low cancer-specific mortality; however, a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors places EC patients at high risk of developing CVD. In the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), we assessed the hypothesis that CVD risk was higher among women who developed EC compared with women who did not develop EC. METHODS: We compared the incidence of fatal and non-fatal CVD events among 1,179 women who developed Type I EC, 211 women who developed Type II EC, and 92,217 women who did not develop EC...
October 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040965/distribution-of-cancer-mortality-rates-by-province-in-south-africa
#18
Felix Made, Kerry Wilson, Ruxana Jina, Nonhlanhla Tlotleng, Samantha Jack, Vusi Ntlebi, Tahira Kootbodien
INTRODUCTION: Cancer mortality rates are expected to increase in developing countries. Cancer mortality rates by province remain largely unreported in South Africa. This study described the 2014 age standardised cancer mortality rates by province in South Africa, to provide insight for strategic interventions and advocacy. METHODS: 2014 deaths data were retrieved from Statistics South Africa. Deaths from cancer were extracted using 10th International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes for cancer (C00-C97)...
October 14, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032321/acne-in-late-adolescence-is-not-associated-with-a-raised-risk-of-subsequent-malignant-melanoma-among-men
#19
Teresa Mota Garcia, Ayako Hiyoshi, Ruzan Udumyan, Hugo Sjöqvist, Katja Fall, Scott Montgomery
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association of acne in late adolescence with the risk for subsequent malignant melanoma (MM) in men. METHODS: Swedish register-based cohort study of 242,096 males born between 1952 and 1956, who took part in compulsory assessments for Swedish military conscription in late adolescence between 1969 and 1975, with subsequent diagnoses of MM (n=1,058) up to December 31, 2009. Covariates included measures of childhood circumstances and information from adolescence on presence of acne, physical fitness, cognitive function, body mass index (BMI), and a summary of diagnoses...
October 12, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032320/methodological-issues-of-assessing-the-risk-of-a-second-cancer-occurring-in-the-same-site-as-a-first-cancer-using-registry-data
#20
Jérémie Jégu, Marie Moitry, Simona Bara, Brigitte Trétarre, Anne-Valérie Guizard, Anne-Sophie Woronoff, Laetitia Daubisse-Marliac, Véronique Bouvier, Xavier Troussard, Marc Colonna, Delphine Klein, Bénédicte Lapôtre-Ledoux, Michel Velten
OBJECTIVE: To present methodological issues that can arise with the assessment of the risk of a second primary cancer (SPC) occurring in the same site as a first cancer using registry data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from ten French cancer registries were used, including data for patients with a first prostate cancer (in males), breast cancer (in females), and colon, lung and kidney cancer (in both sexes) diagnosed between 1989 and 2004. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of SPC were computed by excluding, or not, the risk of an SPC at the same site...
October 12, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
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