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Beneficial Microbes

H Myint, H Kishi, Y Iwahashi, W Saburi, S Koike, Y Kobayashi
A feeding study using rats was conducted to evaluate the utility of lablab bean husk and soya bean husk as sources of potential prebiotic fibre. Twenty 5-week-old Sprague Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups and fed one of the following diets for 3 weeks: purified diet (AIN93 G) containing 5% cellulose (CEL), or the same diet in which cellulose was replaced by corn starch (STA), lablab bean husk (LBH), or soya bean husk (SBH). Rats were sacrificed at 8 weeks of age and caecal digesta were collected. Feed intake, body weight, anatomical parameters, and caecal ammonia level did not differ significantly among diets...
September 13, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
S Salvatore, L Pensabene, O Borrelli, M Saps, N Thapar, D Concolino, A Staiano, Y Vandenplas
The gut-brain axis has recently emerged as a key modulator of human health and the intestinal microbiome has a well-recognised pivotal role in this strong connection. The aim of this narrative review is to update and summarise the effect and clinical applicability of probiotics in paediatric neurogastroenterology. The Cochrane Database and PubMed were searched using keywords relating to different subtypes of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and their symptoms, those relating to the CNS and related neurological or behavioural dysfunction as well as 'probiotic' OR 'probiotics'...
September 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
T Inoue, Y Kobayashi, N Mori, M Sakagawa, J-Z Xiao, T Moritani, N Sakane, N Nagai
Physical exercise exerts favourable effects on brain health and quality of life of the elderly; some of these positive health effects are induced by the modulation of microbiota composition. We therefore conducted a randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled trial that assessed whether a combination of Bifidobacterium spp. supplementation and moderate resistance training improved the cognitive function and other health-related parameters in healthy elderly subjects. Over a 12-week period, 38 participants (66-78 years) underwent resistance training and were assigned to the probiotic Bifidobacterium supplementation (n=20; 1...
September 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
M Gómez-Eguílaz, J L Ramón-Trapero, L Pérez-Martínez, J R Blanco
Epilepsy is a neurological disease with high global prevalence. Despite the range of drug-based treatments currently available to control the condition, one in 3 patients experiences epileptic seizures. Therapeutic alternatives for these patients include the ketogenic diet, surgery or the cerebral implantation of neurostimulators; however these are benefits with limits. The target of this study is to find a new complementary treatment for these patients, studying the effectiveness of probiotics for controlling epileptic seizures in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy...
September 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
E Ermolenko, O Rybalchenko, Y Borshev, E Tarasova, T Kramskaya, G Leontieva, M Kotyleva, O Orlova, I Abdurasulova, A Suvorov
The biological effects of three probiotic strains Lactobacillus rhamnosus K32, Bifidobacterium longum GT15, Enterococcus faecium L3 and their mixture were studied using a model of dysbiosis induced in rats by antibiotics. It was found that after taking different probiotics intestinal microbiota changed in a strain-specific manner. The maximal activity against pathogens was revealed after the administration of a mixture of bacterial strains under study or a single strain of enterococci. The strain E. faecium L3 showed the most activity against both Klebsiella spp...
August 13, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
M Murata, J Kondo, N Iwabuchi, S Takahashi, K Yamauchi, F Abe, K Miura
We investigated the effects of paraprobiotic Lactobacillus paracasei MCC1849 (LAC-Shield™) on symptoms of the common cold and mood states in healthy young adults. A total of 241 participants were randomised to receive 1×1010 heat-killed L. paracasei MCC1849 cell powder (10LP), 3×1010 heat-killed L. paracasei MCC1849 cell powder (30LP), or placebo powder without any L. paracasei cells once daily for 12 weeks based on the incidence of the common cold in the previous year, so that the risk of the incidence was equal among the groups...
August 13, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
J D Babot, E Argañaraz-Martínez, L Saavedra, M C Apella, A Perez Chaia
The ban on the use of antibiotics as feed additives for animal growth promotion in the European Union and United States and the expectation of this trend to further expand to other countries in the short term have prompted a surge in probiotic research. Multi-species probiotics including safe and compatible strains with the ability to bind different nutritional lectins with detrimental effects on poultry nutrition could replace antibiotics as feed additives. Lactobacillus salivarius LET201, Lactobacillus reuteri LET210, Enterococcus faecium LET301, Propionibacterium acidipropionici LET103 and Bifidobacterium infantis CRL1395 have proved to be compatible as evaluated through three different approaches: the production and excretion of antimicrobial compounds, growth inhibition by competition for essential nutrients and physical contact, and a combination of both...
August 13, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
R F S Souza, L Rault, N Seyffert, V Azevedo, Y Le Loir, S Even
Probiotics have been adopted to treat and prevent various diseases in humans and animals. They were notably shown to be a promising alternative to prevent mastitis in dairy cattle. This inflammation of the mammary gland is generally of infectious origin and generates extensive economic losses worldwide. In a previous study, we found that Lactobacillus casei BL23 was able to inhibit the internalisation of Staphylococcus aureus, one of the major pathogens involved in mastitis, into bovine mammary epithelial cells (bMEC)...
July 25, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
A Becirovic, J F Abdi-Dezfuli, M F Hansen, S A Lie, E N Vasstrand, A I Bolstad
Probiotics can convert a dysbiotic bacterial environment into a healthy one. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of daily intake of a probiotic milk drink on the composition of bacterial species in dental supra- and subgingival biofilms. Sixteen dental students were enrolled into this study with a crossover, within subject, design. The participants were asked to allow plaque accumulation by refraining from cleaning their molars during two separate periods, each lasting three weeks. Each period consisted of an initial professional dental cleaning procedure done at the university clinic, then a 3 week plaque accumulation period, followed by a return to the clinic for supra- and subgingival plaque sampling...
July 25, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
M R S Ribeiro, D R Oliveira, F M S Oliveira, M V Caliari, F S Martins, J R Nicoli, M F Torres, M E R Andrade, V N Cardoso, M A Gomes
The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of Saccharomyces boulardii in experimental treatment of giardiasis and its impact on intestinal integrity and some functions of gerbils infected with Giardia lamblia. 28 gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus), aged 4-6 weeks, were divided into four groups: untreated and uninfected control (CT); infected with G. lamblia (IGL); treated with S. boulardii (SB); and infected with G. lamblia and treated with S. boulardii (ITSB). The SB and ITSB groups received S. boulardii 15 days prior to being infected with G...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
W Du, H Xu, X Mei, X Cao, L Gong, Y Wu, Y Li, D Yu, S Liu, Y Wang, W Li
Bacillus is widely used in the livestock industry. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of probiotic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens SC06 (Ba), originally isolated from soil, in piglets diet as an alternative to antibiotics (aureomycin), mainly on intestinal epithelial barrier and immune function. Ninety piglets were divided into three groups: G1 (containing 150 mg/kg aureomycin in the diet); G2 (containing 75 mg/kg aureomycin and 1×108 cfu/kg Ba in the diet); G3 (containing 2×108 cfu/kg Ba in the diet without any antibiotics)...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
P Perez-Pardo, H B Dodiya, P A Engen, A Naqib, C B Forsyth, S J Green, J Garssen, A Keshavarzian, A D Kraneveld
The mechanism of neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) remains unknown but it has been hypothesised that the intestinal tract could be an initiating and contributing factor to the neurodegenerative processes. In PD patients as well as in animal models for PD, alpha-synuclein-positive enteric neurons in the colon and evidence of colonic inflammation have been demonstrated. Moreover, several studies reported pro-inflammatory bacterial dysbiosis in PD patients. Here, we report for the first time significant changes in the composition of caecum mucosal associated and luminal microbiota and the associated metabolic pathways in a rotenone-induced mouse model for PD...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
Y Wang, Y Gu, K Fang, K Mao, J Dou, H Fan, C Zhou, H Wang
Ulcerative colitis is a type of chronic inflammation present in the intestines for which the aetiology is not yet clear. The current therapies for ulcerative colitis cannot be considered to be long-term management strategies due to their significant side effects. Therefore, it is essential to identify an alternative therapeutic strategy for ulcerative colitis. The present study focused on the evaluation of the anti-inflammatory activities of Lactobacillus acidophilus CGMCC 7282 and Clostridium butyricum CGMCC 7281...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
R Y Cheng, J R Yao, Q Wan, J W Guo, F F Pu, L Shi, W Hu, Y H Yang, L Li, M Li, F He
This study aimed to demonstrate whether exposure to bifidobacteria during early life influences immunity and alleviates the risk of immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergies in adulthood. BALB/c neonatal mice (n=54) were administered with a lyophilised cell preparation of Bifidobacterium bifidum TMC3115 (TMC3115) for 3 weeks. Following the intervention, the mice were immunised with intraperitoneal ovalbumin (OVA). The morphology and function of the intestinal epithelium were determined using histopathological examinations...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
K Preston, R Krumian, J Hattner, D de Montigny, M Stewart, S Gaddam
A combination of Lactobacillus acidophilus CL1285, Lactobacillus casei LBC80R and Lactobacillus rhamnosus CLR2 was compared to placebo for relief of symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). A total of 113 subjects at 3 clinical sites were randomised in a 2:1 ratio and followed for 12 weeks. Subjects ingested either 2 capsules of active study product, containing 50×109 cfu of live organisms, or 2 placebo capsules daily. Endpoints included improvement in abdominal pain, days of pain, distention, stool consistency and frequency, quality of life (QOL), and adequate relief (AR) of IBS symptoms...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
E Escribano, C Zozaya, R Madero, L Sánchez, J van Goudoever, J M Rodríguez, M Sáenz de Pipaon
We aimed to evaluate the isolation of strains contained in the Infloran™ probiotic preparation in blood cultures and its efficacy in reducing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and late-onset sepsis (LOS) in extremely preterm infants. Routine use of probiotics was implemented in 2008. Infants born at <28 weeks gestational age were prospectively followed and compared with historical controls (HC) born between 2005 and 2008. Data on sepsis due to any of the two probiotic strains contained in Infloran and rates of LOS and NEC were analysed...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
G Reid, R Kort, S Alvarez, R Bourdet-Sicard, V Benoit, M Cunningham, D M Saulnier, J E T van Hylckama Vlieg, H Verstraelen, W Sybesma
The rapid rise in microbiome and probiotic science has led to estimates of product creation and sales exceeding $50 billion within five years. However, many people do not have access to affordable products, and regulatory agencies have stifled progress. The objective of a discussion group at the 2017 meeting of the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics was to identify mechanisms to confer the benefits of probiotics to a larger portion of the world's population. Three initiatives, built around fermented food, were discussed with different methods of targeting populations that face enormous challenges of malnutrition, infectious disease, poverty and violent conflict...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
T M G Dronkers, L Krist, F J Van Overveld, G T Rijkers
The outcome of the first series of health claim applications for probiotics in Europe as evaluated by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has, up to 2013 almost completely yielded negative results. All recent applications also have been rejected, including the latest on prevention of mastitis in breastfeeding mothers. In other developed countries, such as Switzerland, Japan and Canada, the health effects of probiotics, for which scientific evidence has been provided, can be communicated to potential consumers...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
V Garcia-Castillo, H Zelaya, A Ilabaca, M Espinoza-Monje, R Komatsu, L Albarracín, H Kitazawa, A Garcia-Cancino, J Villena
Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with important gastric pathologies. An aggressive proinflammatory immune response is generated in the gastric tissue infected with H. pylori, resulting in gastritis and a series of morphological changes that increase the susceptibility to cancer development. Probiotics could present an alternative solution to prevent or decrease H. pylori infection. Among them, the use of immunomodulatory lactic acid bacteria represents a promising option to reduce the severity of chronic inflammatory-mediated tissue damage and to improve protective immunity against H...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
A F Athiyyah, A Darma, R Ranuh, W Riawan, A Endaryanto, F A Rantam, I S Surono, S M Sudarmo
This study investigated the probiotic effect of Lactobacillus plantarum IS-10506 in activating and regenerating leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor (Lgr)5- and B lymphoma Moloney murine leukaemia virus insertion region (Bmi)1-expressing intestinal stem cells in rodents following Escherichia coli serotype 055:B5 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=64) were randomised into control (KN), LPS (KL), probiotic + LPS (KL-Pr), and sequential probiotic + LPS + probiotic (KPR-7L) groups...
September 18, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
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