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Beneficial Microbes

A F Athiyyah, A Darma, R Ranuh, W Riawan, A Endaryanto, F A Rantam, I S Surono, S M Sudarmo
This study investigated the probiotic effect of Lactobacillus plantarum IS-10506 in activating and regenerating leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor (Lgr)5- and B lymphoma Moloney murine leukaemia virus insertion region (Bmi)1-expressing intestinal stem cells in rodents following Escherichia coli serotype 055:B5 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=64) were randomised into control (KN), LPS (KL), probiotic + LPS (KL-Pr), and sequential probiotic + LPS + probiotic (KPR-7L) groups...
May 4, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
S Twetman, M K Keller, L Lee, T Yucel-Lindberg, A M Lynge Pedersen
It has been suggested that beneficial bacteria may stimulate wound healing. The aim was to investigate the effect of topical applications of probiotic lactobacilli on the healing of standardised oral wounds. This pilot study employed a randomised, placebo-controlled, double-blind cross-over design. Standardised biopsies were punched in the oral mucosa of 10 healthy volunteers, with and without exposure to two strains of Lactobacilli reuteri administrated as lozenges and topical oil. The healing was scored clinically after 2, 5 and 8 days...
May 4, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
E Schiavi, S Plattner, N Rodriguez-Perez, W Barcik, R Frei, R Ferstl, M Kurnik-Lucka, D Groeger, R Grant, J Roper, F Altmann, D van Sinderen, C A Akdis, L O'Mahony
Interactions between the host and the microbiota are thought to significantly influence immunological tolerance mechanisms at mucosal sites. We recently described that the loss of an exopolysaccharide (EPS) from Bifidobacterium longum 35624™ eliminated its protective effects in colitis and respiratory allergy murine models. Our goal was to investigate the immune response to purified EPS from B. longum 35624, determine if it has protective effects within the lung and identify the protective mechanisms. Isolated EPS from B...
May 4, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
J De Andrés, S Manzano, C García, J M Rodríguez, I Espinosa-Martos, E Jiménez
The gut microbiota plays a crucial role in gastrointestinal health. Current use of probiotics is aimed at modulating the bacterial gut composition to alleviate specific diseases. The safety and tolerance of three probiotic strains (Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis R0033, Lactobacillus helveticus R0052 and Bifidobacterium bifidum R0071) has recently been described. The objective of the present study was to analyse the microbiological composition and immunological parameters of faecal samples obtained from healthy infants from 3 to 12 months of age after receiving either one of the three probiotic strains or placebo for 8 weeks...
May 4, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
M Ratna Sudha, N Jayanthi, M Aasin, R D Dhanashri, T Anirudh
The efficacy of the probiotic strain, Bacillus coagulans Unique IS2 in the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) was evaluated in children. A total of 141 children of either sex in the age group 4-12 years, diagnosed with IBS according to the Rome III criteria, participated in the double-blind randomised controlled trial. Children received either B. coagulans Unique IS2 chewable tablets or placebo once daily for eight weeks followed by a two week follow-up period. Reduction in pain intensity as well as other symptoms associated with Irritable Bowel Syndrome like abdominal discomfort, bloating, distension, sense of incomplete evacuation, straining at stool, urgency of bowel movement, passage of gas and mucus, and bowel habit satisfaction were assessed...
April 26, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
V T Pham, M H Mohajeri
The importance of the gut microbiota community on host's health and disease has long been recognised and is well documented. The development of pro- and prebiotic interventions offers an opportunity for the modulation of the gut microbiota towards long lasting health. In vitro fermentation models were developed as a powerful tool to study the impact of pro- and prebiotics on the gut microbiota under tightly controlled conditions, which allow dynamic sampling over time in reactors mimicking different colon regions...
April 26, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
N López Carreras, P Martorell, E Chenoll, S Genovés, D Ramón, A Aleixandre
We evaluated the effect of oral administration of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 strain in Zücker fatty rats. The Zücker fatty rats were randomly divided into two groups (n=10 each) and administered either B. animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 (1010 cfu/day) suspended in skim milk, or skim milk alone (control group). Each treatment was administered in drinking bottles from week 5 until week 17 of age. A lean Zücker rat group (standard group) was included to provide normal values for the Zücker strain...
April 26, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
P Roman, F Carrillo-Trabalón, N Sánchez-Labraca, F Cañadas, A F Estévez, D Cardona
Evidence suggests that the gut microbiota might play an important role in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Our goal is to systematically review the reported effect of probiotic treatments in patients diagnosed with FMS or CFS. A systematic review was carried out using 14 databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, PsycINFO, and others) in February 2016 to search for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and pilot studies of CFS or FMS patient, published in the last ten years (from 2006 to 2016)...
April 26, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
M Alhudhud, S Sadiq, H N Ngo, C Hidalgo-Cantabrana, P Ruas-Madiedo, D van Sinderen, P N Humphreys, A P Laws
Three strains of Bifidobacterium breve (JCM 7017, JCM 7019 and JCM 2258) and two strains of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (AD011 and A1dOxR) were grown in broth cultures or on plates, and a standard exopolysaccharide extraction method was used in an attempt to recover exocellular polysaccharides. When the extracted materials were analysed by NMR it was clear that mixtures of polysaccharides were being isolated including exopolysaccharides (EPS) cell wall polysaccharides and intracellular polysaccharides...
April 26, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
D Paveljšek, P Juvan, R Košir, D Rozman, B Hacin, K Ivičak-Kocjan, I Rogelj
The manipulation of intestinal microbiota with beneficial microbes represents a promising alternative or adjunct therapy in gastrointestinal disorders and inflammation. The current study aims to clarify the signalling pathways and evaluate the possible beneficial effects of the combination of two strains. We used a dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced mouse model of colitis. RNA extracted from the middle part of the colon tissue was used for examination of the global gene expression with Affymetrix microarrays...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
A Alanzi, S Honkala, E Honkala, A Varghese, M Tolvanen, E Söderling
To determine the effect of a probiotic combination of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) and Bifidobacterium lactis BB-12 on the gingival health, dental plaque accumulation, and the oral carriage of four putative periodontal pathogens in healthy adolescents. 108 schoolboys, aged 13-15 years, participated in this study. They were divided into two groups: probiotics (n=54) and placebo (n=54). Both groups received two probiotic-laced or placebo lozenges twice a day during a four-week period. Plaque Index (PI) and Gingival Index (GI) were recorded at baseline and after four weeks...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
W Holzapfel, A Arini, M Aeschbacher, R Coppolecchia, B Pot
As normal inhabitants of diverse ecosystems, including the human gastrointestinal tract, the enterococci, and especially the two species Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium, can be considered ubiquitous with regard to our natural environment. E. faecium has gained special importance thanks to beneficial strains marketed as probiotics, and because of its beneficial role in traditional fermented foods such as artisanal cheeses in some Southern European countries. Yet, following reports on the increasing association of some enterococcal strains with nosocomial infections such as endocarditis and bacteraemia, it became evident that strains from clinical origin are frequently highly resistant to 'last-defence-line' antibiotics such as the glycopeptide derivatives...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
K Tobita, I Watanabe, M Tomokiyo, M Saito
Heat-treated lactic acid bacteria is added to some foods because it is easier to store and transport, and have less interference with other food ingredient compared with living lactic acid bacteria. We have reported that oral administration of heat-treated Lactobacillus crispatus KT-11 strain (KT-11) suppressed the symptoms of periodontal disease in mice orally infected with Porphyromonas gingivalis. However, the preventive effect of KT-11 on periodontal disease in human is unclear. The aim of this randomised double-blind clinical trial was to examine the effects of KT-11 consumption on the oral environment in healthy volunteers...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
T Sakurai, A Yamada, N Hashikura, T Odamaki, J-Z Xiao
Some food-derived opioid peptides have been reported to cause diseases, such as gastrointestinal inflammation, celiac disease, and mental disorders. Bifidobacterium is a major member of the dominant human gut microbiota, particularly in the gut of infants. In this study, we evaluated the potential of Bifidobacterium in the degradation of food-derived opioid peptides. All strains tested showed some level of dipeptidyl peptidase activity, which is thought to be involved in the degradation of food-derived opioid peptides...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
P Kosuwon, M Lao-Araya, S Uthaisangsook, C Lay, J Bindels, J Knol, P Chatchatee
Little is known about the impact of nutrition on toddler gut microbiota. The plasticity of the toddler gut microbiota indicates that nutritional modulation beyond infancy could potentially impact its maturation. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of consuming Young Child Formula (YCF) supplemented with short chain galactooligosaccharides and long chain fructooligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS, ratio 9:1) and Bifidobacterium breve M-16V on the development of the faecal microbiota in healthy toddlers...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
L D Teixeira, D N Kling, G L Lorca, C F Gonzalez
The cells of the gastrointestinal (GI) epithelium are the first to contact the microbiota and food components. As a direct consequence of this, these cells are the first line of defence and key players in priming the immune response. One of the first responses against GI insults is the formation of the inflammasome, a multiprotein complex assembled in response to environmental threats. The formation of the inflammasome regulates caspase-1 by cleaving it into its active form. Once activated, caspase-1 can cleave interleukin-1β (IL-1β), which promotes adaptive and humoral immunity...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
S Fernández, M Fraga, E Silveyra, A N Trombert, A Rabaza, M Pla, P Zunino
The use of native microorganisms with probiotic capacity is an alternative tool for the treatment and prevention of several diseases that affect animals, such as neonatal calf diarrhoea. The selection of probiotic strains within a collection is based on different in vitro and in vivo assays, which predict their potential. The aim of this study was to characterise a group of native Lactobacillus spp. strains isolated from faeces of healthy calves using an in vitro approach and to assess their ability to colonise the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of calves...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
M M Heitkemper, K C Cain, R J Shulman, R L Burr, C Ko, E B Hollister, N Callen, J Zia, C J Han, M E Jarrett
Previously we showed that urine trefoil factor 3 (TFF3) levels were higher in females with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) compared to non-IBS females. To assess if TFF3 is associated with symptoms and/or reflect alterations in gastrointestinal permeability and gut microbiota in an IBS population, we correlated stool and urine TFF3 levels with IBS symptoms, intestinal permeability, stool microbial diversity and relative abundance of predominant bacterial families and genera. We also tested the relationship of stool TFF3 to urine TFF3, and compared results based on hormone contraception use...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
T Shiraishi, S Yokota, Y Sato, T Ito, S Fukiya, S Yamamoto, T Sato, A Yokota
Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a cell surface molecule specific to Gram-positive bacteria. How LTA localises on the cell surface is a fundamental issue in view of recognition and immunomodulation in hosts. In the present study, we examined LTA localisation using strain JCM 1131T of Lactobacillus gasseri, which is a human intestinal lactic acid bacterium, during various growth phases by immunoelectron microscopy. We first evaluated the specificity of anti-LTA monoclonal antibody clone 55 used as a probe. The glycerophosphate backbone comprising almost intact size (20 to 30 repeating units) of LTA was required for binding...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
M F L van den Broek, I De Boeck, I J J Claes, V Nizet, S Lebeer
Probiotics, mainly lactic acid bacteria (LAB), are widely focused on gastrointestinal applications. However, recent microbiome studies indicate that LAB can be endogenous members of other human body sites such as the upper respiratory tract (URT). Interestingly, DNA-based microbiome research suggests an inverse correlation between the presence of LAB and the occurrence of potential pathogens, such as Moraxella catarrhalis, an important URT pathogen linked to otitis media, sinusitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
April 10, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
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