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Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119701/management-of-urethral-stricture-high-pressure-balloon-dilation-versus-optical-internal-urethrotomy
#1
Yohei Kumano, Takashi Kawahara, Taku Mochizuki, Daiji Takamoto, Teppei Takeshima, Sinnnosuke Kuroda, Jun-Ichi Teranishi, Kazuhide Makiyama, Yasuhide Miyoshi, Yasushi Yumura, Masahiro Yao, Hiroji Uemura
OBJECTIVE: Urethral stenosis is a disease in which the lumen of the urethra becomes constricted by fibrosis. Such stenoses have been treated by urethral dilation using a bougie and optical internal urethrotomy (OIU). Recently, high-pressure balloon dilation (BD) has been developed as a new treatment method for urethral stenosis. The present study compared the effectiveness of urethral dilation by BD and OIU. METHODS: Twenty-two patients of urethral stenosis were treated at Yokohama City University Medical Center between 2005 and 2015...
November 9, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119694/female-urinary-incontinence-and-obesity-assessed-by-anthropometry-and-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-analysis-from-the-2008-09-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#2
Yeon Won Park, Jun Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: In the present study we evaluated the association between obesity, assessed by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and urinary incontinence (UI). METHODS: The study was performed on 5792 women who had taken part in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. UI was deemed to be present if a woman answered "yes" to the question "Do you have current UI?". Obesity was assessed using anthropometry and DEXA. Data were analyzed using Chi-squared tests, t-tests, receiver operating characteristic curves, and logistic regression analysis...
November 9, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105998/possible-role-of-hyposensitivity-of-c-fiber-afferents-at-the-proximal-urethra-in-the-development-of-urge-urinary-incontinence-in-patients-with-detrusor-overactivity
#3
Osamu Ichiyanagi, Akira Nagaoka, Sei Naito, Masaaki Tsukigi, Mayu Yagi, Tomoyuki Kato, Manabu Ishigooka, Norihiko Tsuchiya
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between urethral sensation and urge urinary incontinence (UUI) in patients with and without detrusor overactivity (DO). METHODS: The medical records of 80 consecutive patients who underwent filling cystometry and urethral current perception threshold (CPT) tests were examined retrospectively. Following the exclusion of 4 patients not eligible for analysis, patients were classified into neurogenic DO, idiopathic DO, or DO-negative groups based on neurological and cystometric findings (n = 30, 12, and 34, respectively)...
November 6, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057583/a-medical-device-containing-purified-bovine-colostrum-monurelle-biogel-in-the-treatment-of-vulvovaginal-atrophy-in-postmenopausal-women-retrospective-analysis-of-urinary-symptoms-sexual-function-and-quality-of-life
#4
M C Schiavi, C Di Tucci, V Colagiovanni, P Faiano, A Giannini, O D'Oria, G Prata, G Perniola, M Monti, M A Zullo, L Muzii, P Benedetti Panici
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effectiveness and safety of a medical device containing purified bovine colostrum (Monurelle Biogel; Zambon, Bresso, Italy) in improving vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA), sexual function, urinary symptoms, and quality of life (QoL) in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In all, 172 postmenopausal women with VVA were included in the study. All women were treated with vaginal Monurelle Biogel daily for 12 weeks. Patients underwent clinical examinations, completed a 3-day voiding diary, and had VVA graded using the Vaginal Health Index (VHI) at baseline and 12 weeks...
October 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057582/an-exploratory-pilot-study-with-copeptin-as-a-biomarker-for-individualizing-treatment-for-nocturnal-polyuria
#5
Elke Bruneel, An-Sofie Goessaert, Marie-Astrid Denys, Kristian V Juul, Jens P Nørgaard, Karel Everaert
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the use of random copeptin concentrations as possible biomarkers for the differential diagnosis of nocturnal polyuria (NP). METHODS: In all, 111 patients with and without nocturia were enrolled in the study. Patients with a neurogenic bladder and/or those who had undergone bladder or urethral surgery were excluded from the study. All patients completed a 72-hour frequency-volume chart and a renal function profile...
October 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024564/videourodynamic-factors-predictive-of-successful-onabotulinumtoxina-urethral-sphincter-injection-for-neurogenic-or-non-neurogenic-detrusor-underactivity
#6
Yuan-Hong Jiang, Jia-Fong Jhang, Sheng-Fu Chen, Hann-Chorng Kuo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to analyze treatment outcomes and identify videourodynamic factors predictive of successful urethral onabotulinumtoxinA treatment of neurogenic and non-neurogenic detrusor underactivity (DU). METHODS: Patients with DU refractory to medical treatment were treated with injections totaling 100 U onabotulinumtoxinA into the urethral sphincter. Treatment outcomes were assessed 1 month after treatment using the Global Response Assessment...
October 11, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990728/female-bladder-outlet-obstruction-common-symptoms-masking-an-uncommon-cause
#7
Sachin Malde, Eskinder Solomon, Marco Spilotros, Bashir Mukhtar, Mahreen Pakzad, Rizwan Hamid, Jeremy Ockrim, Tamsin Greenwell
OBJECTIVE: Bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in women remains an underdiagnosed condition. Although diagnosed rarely in general urologic practice, its incidence in specialist centers has been reported to be up to 29%. In the present study we evaluated the incidence of female BOO in adult women referred for evaluation of lower urinary tract symptoms or urinary incontinence, assessing its etiology and correlating this with its clinical presentation. METHODS: The present study consisted of a retrospective review of a prospectively acquired videourodynamic database of 1142 consecutive women referred for evaluation of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) or urinary incontinence from March 2007 to December 2012 and diagnosed with BOO...
October 9, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990346/risk-factors-for-resurgery-in-men-with-artificial-urinary-sphincter-role-of-urethral-strictures
#8
Paolo Traverso, Guglielmo Mantica, Fabio Gallo, Andrea Benelli, Davide Becco, Aldo Franco De Rose, Alchiede Simonato
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to evaluate the outcome of implantation of an artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) in male patients with iatrogenic urinary incontinence and to analyse possible risk factors for resurgery, with particular focus on the effects of posterior urethral strictures (US). METHODS: The outcomes of AUS implantation surgeries performed by 2 surgeons on consecutive patients between January 1999 and 2015 were evaluated retrospectively...
October 8, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967230/prevalence-of-overactive-bladder-in-china-taiwan-and-south-korea-results-from-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#9
Yao-Chi Chuang, Shih-Ping Liu, Kyu-Sung Lee, Limin Liao, Jianye Wang, Tag Keun Yoo, Romeo Chu, Budiwan Sumarsono
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) in individuals aged ≥40 years in China, Taiwan, and South Korea. METHODS: The present cross-sectional population-representative Internet-based study investigated OAB symptoms in men and women aged ≥40 years using the overactive bladder symptom score. Additional instruments included the International Index of Erectile Function (men only) and the Sexual Quality of Life - Female (women only) questionnaires, as well as Patient Perception of Bladder Condition (PPBC)...
October 2, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967201/effect-of-combined-solifenacin-and-aclatonium-in-preventing-dry-mouth-in-patients-with-overactive-bladder
#10
Hyoung Keun Park, Hyeong Gon Kim, Dae Yul Yang, Woo Suk Choi, Sung Hyun Paick, Hong Chung, Sang-Kuk Yang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to prospectively evaluate the effect of aclatonium on dry mouth in patients with overactive bladder (OAB) after treatment with solifenacin. METHODS: A multicenter randomized double-blind controlled trial was conducted. The study subjects were men and women who had been diagnosed with OAB for ≥3 months and presented with a total Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) ≥3. Eligible subjects were randomized to receive 5 mg solifenacin with placebo or 5 mg solifenacin with 150 mg aclatonium once daily for 8 weeks...
October 1, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961380/effects-of-magnetic-stimulation-on-urodynamic-stress-incontinence-refractory-to-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-a-randomized-sham-controlled-study
#11
Tomonori Yamanishi, Tsuneki Suzuki, Ryo Sato, Kanya Kaga, Mayuko Kaga, Miki Fuse
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of magnetic stimulation on urodynamic stress incontinence refractory to pelvic floor muscle training in a randomized sham-controlled study. METHODS: Female patients with urodynamic stress incontinence who had not been cured by pelvic floor muscle training were randomly assigned at a ratio of 2 : 1 to either active treatment or sham treatment for 10 weeks. The randomization was made using magnetic cards for individuals indicating active or sham stimulation...
September 29, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921924/effects-of-surgical-anatomical-correction-of-pelvic-anterior-compartment-defect-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#12
Emre Baser, Safak Ozdemirci, Dilek Uysal, Ertugrul Karahanoglu, Akın Sivaslioglu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of surgical anatomical correction on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in patients with a pelvic anterior compartment defect (PACD). METHODS: This prospective study was carried out on 30 women who had stage II-IV PACD. The women were questioned regarding LUTS symptoms such as urgency, urge incontinence, frequency, hesitancy, abnormal emptying, nocturia and dysuria pre and postoperatively. After a 7-month follow up, the comparison of LUTS symptoms with respect to their healing, existence or de novo appearance was performed using the McNemar and Bowner and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests...
September 17, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901041/safety-and-effectiveness-of-mirabegron-in-patients-with-overactive-bladder-aged-%C3%A2-75%C3%A2-years-analysis-of-a-japanese-post-marketing-study
#13
Masaki Yoshida, Yumiko Nozawa, Daisuke Kato, Hiromi Tabuchi, Kentarou Kuroishi
OBJECTIVES: A 12-week post-marketing study was conducted to provide real-world data on Japanese patients with overactive bladder (OAB) initiating treatment with mirabegron. This post-hoc analysis focused on safety and effectiveness of mirabegron in patients aged ≥75 versus <75 years. METHODS: Incidence of adverse drug reactions (ADR) was assessed following 12 weeks' mirabegron treatment. Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS) and International-Prostate Symptom Score Quality of Life (I-PSS QoL) were completed at baseline and at the end of treatment (EoT)...
September 12, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857434/self-consciousness-awareness-and-bladder-sensations-comparative-study-of-overactive-bladder-patients-and-healthy-volunteers
#14
Desiree Vrijens, Tom Marcelissen, Jamie Drossaerts, Rhea Heeringa, Sam Degaillier, Carsten Leue, Gommert van Koeveringe
OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in bladder sensations between patients with overactive bladder (OAB) and healthy volunteers by evaluating self-consciousness, self-awareness and affective complaints. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was performed comparing patients with OAB symptoms and healthy volunteers. During 3 days subjects filled out sensation-related bladder diaries (SR-BD), Self-Consciousness Questionnaires (SCS), Self-Awareness Questionnaire (SSAS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
August 31, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840669/role-of-poor-urethral-sphincter-relaxation-in-men-with-voiding-dysfunction-refractory-to-%C3%AE-blocker-therapy-clinical-characteristics-and-predictive-factors
#15
I-Hung Shao, Hann-Chorng Kuo
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the diagnostic value of poorly relaxed external sphincter (PRES) in men with voiding dysfunction. We analyzed clinical and video-urodynamic characteristics to identify predictive factors of PRES in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) refractory to α-1 adrenoceptor blocker (α-blocker) therapy. METHODS: This retrospective study included 3379 men with LUTS in whom the initial 1-month α-blocker therapy failed. Clinical parameters and video-urodynamic results were analyzed...
August 25, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868663/coping-and-help-seeking-behaviors-for-management-of-urinary-incontinence
#16
Dilek Bilgic, Nezihe Kizilkaya Beji, Ayfer Ozbas, Ikbal Cavdar, Ergul Aslan, Onay Yalcin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the coping strategies and help-seeking behaviors of women and men with urinary incontinence (UI). METHODS: In cross-sectional study, 156 women and 106 men Turkish with UI were interviewed using a questionnaire covering 29 questions. RESULTS: It was determined that 50.6% of women and 34.0% of men seek help in first for treatment of UI. Forty eight percent of men consulted a physician in the first 6 months after the UI occurred, 44...
September 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868662/announcement-of-best-reviewer-award-2015-2016
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868661/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-long-term-intermittent-self-catheterization-with-hydrophilic-coated-and-uncoated-catheters-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-japan
#18
Toyohiko Watanabe, Shingo Yamamoto, Momokazu Gotoh, Tadanori Saitoh, Osamu Yokoyama, Tatsunori Murata, Masayuki Takeda
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost effectiveness of disposable, hydrophilic-coated catheters in Japan. METHODS: A Markov decision model previously applied in a European study was used to evaluate the cost effectiveness of intermittent self-catheterization (ISC) with hydrophilic-coated catheters in Japanese spinal cord injury (SCI) patients suffering from chronic urinary retention from a lifetime perspective. To adjust the model to a Japanese setting, relevant Japanese data regarding the baseline risk of urinary tract infection (UTI), the average age at onset of SCI, costs, and general mortality were extracted from published literature, national statistics, or the opinions of Japanese experts...
September 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834330/effect-of-listening-to-music-on-patient-anxiety-and-pain-perception-during-urodynamic-study-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Erdem Öztürk, Nurullah Hamidi, Taha N Yikilmaz, Cihat Özcan, Halil Başar
OBJECTIVE: Urodynamic studies (UDS) include assessments of the physics and physiology of the lower urinary tract (LUT). It is an invasive test and patients can feel fear and anxiety, especially at the beginning of the test. The aim of this study was to determine whether listening to music during urodynamic study decreases patient anxiety and pain. METHODS: Sixty-two patients who underwent urodynamic study were randomized into the following groups: no music (group 1, n = 30) or classical music (group 2, n = 32) during the procedure...
August 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762672/safety-efficacy-and-persistence-of-long-term-mirabegron-treatment-for-overactive-bladder-in-the-daily-clinical-setting-interim-1-year-report-from-a-japanese-post-marketing-surveillance-study
#20
Daisuke Kato, Hiromi Tabuchi, Satoshi Uno
OBJECTIVES: To report interim 1-year results from a 3-year surveillance study evaluating safety, efficacy, and persistence of long-term mirabegron for overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS: Patients starting treatment with mirabegron for urinary urgency, daytime frequency, and urgency incontinence associated with OAB were registered and followed up for 3 years. Data were collected on adverse drug reactions (ADR), changes in OAB symptoms, changes in Overactive Bladder Symptom Score (OABSS), and treatment discontinuations...
August 1, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
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