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Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701328/repeat-retropubic-suburethral-sling-procedure-is-effective-for-recurrent-female-stress-urinary-incontinence
#1
Hueih Ling Ong, Yuan-Hong Jiang, Hann-Chorng Kuo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of repeat retropubic suburethral sling for recurrent stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in women. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of 35 women with SUI who underwent repeat retropubic suburethral sling procedures between May 1994 and November 2014. Treatment outcome was assessed directly or by telephone interview. Sling position and urethral incompetence during straining and coughing after the procedure were evaluated...
April 27, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697209/efficacy-and-safety-of-mirabegron-a-%C3%AE-3-adrenoceptor-agonist-in-patients-with-detrusor-hyperactivity-and-impaired-contractility
#2
Cheng-Ling Lee, Hann-Chorng Kuo
OBJECTIVE: We examined the efficacy and safety of mirabegron in elderly patients with urodynamic detrusor hyperactivity with impaired contractility (DHIC). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with DHIC received daily dose of mirabegron (25mg). Subjective symptom scores, uroflowmetry data, and adverse events (AEs) were recorded for all patients at baseline and after 1, 3, and 6 months treatment. Comparisons were made for each patient individually and between patients with detrusor overactivity (DO)...
April 26, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664229/a-classic-twin-study-of-lower-urinary-tract-obstruction-report-of-3-cases-and-literature-review
#3
Sandra Frese, Alexander Weigert, Bernd Hoppe, Markus Feldkötter, Michael Ludwig, Stefanie Weber, Katarzyna Kiliś-Pstrusińska, Marcin Zaniew, Heiko Reutter, Alina C Hilger
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate genetic effects in the formation of congenital lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) comprising posterior urethral valves (PUV), urethral atresia, and urethras with variable degrees of stenosis. METHODS: A classic twin study was performed by assessing LUTO twin pairs from the literature. Furthermore, data regarding 3 previously unreported twin pairs with PUV from University of Bonn, Essen and Wrocławs own in-house databases were added...
April 17, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527818/vascular-fibrinoid-necrosis-in-the-urinary-bladder-of-ketamine-abusers-a-new-finding-that-may-provide-a-clue-to-the-pathogenesis-of-ketamine-induced-vesicopathy
#4
Yen-Chang Chen, Jia-Fong Jhang, Yung-Hsiang Hsu, Hann-Chorng Kuo
Two 31-year-old women who had abused ketamine, 1 for 8 years and 1 for 5 years, presented with ketamine-induced vesicopathy with urinary frequency, decreased bladder capacity, and detrusor overactivity. An enterocystoplasty was performed in both cases. The pathology of the urinary bladders in both women showed ulcerative cystitis and fibrinoid necrosis of vessels; the latter was confirmed by Masson trichrome staining. Fibrinoid necrosis of vessels is a kind of immune complex-mediated vasculitis that induces the release of inflammatory mediators, with subsequent thrombosis, ischemic injury, and eventual tissue necrosis in localized areas, the so-called Arthus reaction...
March 11, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527813/effect-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-on-the-quality-of-life-and-sexual-function-of-males-in-china-taiwan-and-south-korea-subgroup-analysis-of-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#5
Limin Liao, Yao-Chi Chuang, Shih-Ping Liu, Kyu-Sung Lee, Tag Keun Yoo, Romeo Chu, Budiwan Sumarsono, Jian-Ye Wang
OBJECTIVE: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in males can reduce patients' quality of life (QoL) and affect sexual function and satisfaction. Although this has been documented in the US, Canada, Germany, Italy, UK, and Sweden, data are limited on the effects of LUTS on QoL and sexual function in Asian men. The present subgroup analysis of an Internet-based survey correlated the incidence of male LUTS by severity and category with self-assessed QoL and sexual function and satisfaction measures...
March 11, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508556/short-term-results-of-changes-in-existing-and-de-novo-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-uterosacral-ligament-suspension-and-sacrocolpopexy
#6
Mertihan Kurdoglu, Serdar Unlu, Megan Antonetti-Elford, Zehra Kurdoglu, Gokhan S Kilic
OBJECTIVE: This study presents short-term outcomes related to changes in existing and de novo lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), pelvic pain, and bowel function following robot-assisted laparoscopic uterosacral ligament suspension (RALUSLS) and sacrocolpopexy (RALSC). METHODS: Observational data for RALUSLS (n = 23) and RALSC (n = 25) collected between August 2014 and March 2016 from a single institute (The University of Texas Medical Branch) were evaluated retrospectively...
March 6, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664239/evaluation-of-usefulness-of-propiverine-hydrochloride-in-poor-responders-to-previous-anticholinergics
#7
Naoya Masumori, Yuya Funato, Yasunobu Yamaguchi, Kunio Itoh
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, some patients have been unresponsive to anticholinergics used in the treatment of pollakisuria/urinary incontinence. It has been suggested that propiverine hydrochloride, which has not only anticholinergic activity, but also calcium antagonistic activity, may be useful in poor responders to other anticholinergics. In this study, a specific drug use-results survey was conducted in poor responders to other anticholinergics to evaluate the usefulness of propiverine hydrochloride...
May 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664238/testing-of-a-new-portable-device-for-dynamic-bladder-pressure-monitoring
#8
Lingfeng Liu, Kang Zhao, Fan Chen, Jian Wu, Zhaofeng Yang, Ming Chen, Linbo Mao, Jiurong Han
OBJECTIVE: To develop a portable dynamic bladder pressure monitoring device for facilitating the monitoring of bladder detrusor pressure in patients with neurogenic bladder (NB) caused by spinal cord injury and further compared the effect with traditional urodynamics devices. METHODS: Portable dynamic bladder pressure monitoring device was implemented by software and hardware. The hardware was mainly composed of seven parts, such as micro liquid pressure sensor, electric bridge amplifying circuit, clock module, SD card storage circuit, liquid crystal display circuit, touch circuit, controller circuit and so on...
May 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664237/serum-testosterone-levels-are-negatively-correlated-with-international-prostate-symptom-score-and-transitional-prostate-volume
#9
Ji S Shim, Jae H Kim, Yong S Yoon, Hoon Choi, Jae Y Park, Jae H Bae
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation of serum total testosterone levels with International Prostate Symptom Score and prostate volume in aging men. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 50 men who had participated in a medical examination. Prostate specific antigen levels, International Prostate Symptom Score, total/transitional prostate volume, body mass index, maximal flow rate, and serum total testosterone levels were evaluated. The correlation between serum total testosterone levels and additional parameters was statistically analyzed...
May 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473339/feeling-of-incomplete-emptying-with-little-post-void-residual-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-clinical-implications-and-treatment-outcomes
#10
Minoru Kobayashi, Yuumi Tokura, Tsunehito Kambara, Akinori Nukui, Takao Kamai
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to examine the clinical features and implications of a feeling of incomplete emptying despite little post-void residual (PVR), because it remains unclear why patients are bothered by such an undefined feeling. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from 173 consecutive patients (135 men, 38 women) with a complaint of a feeling of incomplete emptying with PVR <50 mL at an initial visit. The International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality of life (QoL) score, overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS), prostate volume, and PVR were determined...
February 22, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473309/efficacy-of-mirabegron-for-overactive-bladder-with-human-t-cell-lymphotropic-virus-1-associated-myelopathy
#11
Tomohiro Matsuo, Yasuyoshi Miyata, Tatsufumi Nakamura, Katsuya Satoh, Hideki Sakai
OBJECTIVE: Mirabegron is widely considered as an effective and safe drug for patients with overactive bladder (OAB). However, there is no evidence regarding the efficacy of mirabegron in human T cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) patients with OAB symptoms. The aim of the present study was to clarify the efficacy of mirabegron in HAM/TSP patients with OAB symptoms. METHODS: The present study evaluated the efficacy of mirabegron treatment (50 mg, once daily) in nineteen HAM/TSP patients with OAB symptoms by assessing subjective symptoms using the overactive bladder symptom score (OABSS) and International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) before and 12 weeks after administration...
February 22, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405593/severe-prostate-enlargement-with-severe-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-poorly-controlled-acromegaly-successfully-treated-with-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibitors-a-15-year-longitudinal-case-report
#12
Yu-Chen Chen, Hao-Wei Chen, Ming-Tan Chen, Chun-Hsiung Huang, Ching-Chia Li, Yung-Shun Juan, Hung-Lung Ke
Acromegaly is a rare disease associated with an increased risk of prostate enlargement. Severe prostate enlargement with severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in an acromegalic patient is even more uncommon. Herein we report on a 55-year-old man who was diagnosed with acromegaly and prostate enlargement at 40 years of age. Transsphenoidal surgery, postoperative radiotherapy, and octreotide medical therapy failed to control the acromegaly, and growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) levels remained elevated...
February 5, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380517/therapeutic-efficacy-of-low-dose-25-mg-mirabegron-therapy-for-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-overactive-bladder-symptoms-due-to-central-nervous-system-diseases
#13
Sheng-Fu Chen, Hann-Chorng Kuo
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of overactive bladder (OAB) increases with age, especially in patients with central nervous system (CNS) disorders such as cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Mirabegron is a novel medication for the treatment of OAB. The present study investigated the therapeutic effect of mirabegron on OAB patients with CNS diseases. METHODS: Patients with CVA, PD, dementia, and OAB symptoms were consecutively enrolled in the study group, and mirabegron 25 mg q...
January 30, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322636/lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-pediatric-patients-after-ureteroneocystostomy-due-to-vesicoureteral-reflux-long-term-follow-up
#14
Kaya Horasanli, Göksel Bayar, Huseyin Acinikli, Cemil Kutsal, Sinan L Kirecci, Ayhan Dalkilic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate long-term lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) in pediatric patients who underwent ureteroneocystostomy due to vesicoureteral reflux. METHODS: The present retrospective study was performed on 61 patients. Patients were divided into 3 groups: Group 1 (n = 26), did not have LUTD; Group 2 (n = 23), had LUTD; and Group 3 (n = 12), was not toilet trained preoperatively. Patients were reassessed regarding de novo LUTD or the persistence of LUTD at least 7 years after the ureteroneocystostomy...
January 11, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341503/tadalafil-5-mg-once-daily-improves-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-erectile-dysfunction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Yilin Wang, Yiping Bao, Jie Liu, Lijun Duan, Yuanshan Cui
OBJECTIVES: We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess tadalafil 5 mg once-daily for the treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS: A literature review was performed to identify all published randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of tadalafil 5 mg once-daily for the treatment of LUTS and ED. The search included the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register...
January 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341502/advances-in-intravesical-therapy-for-bladder-pain-syndrome-bps-interstitial-cystitis-ic
#16
REVIEW
En Meng, Yu-Chao Hsu, Yao-Chi Chuang
Bladder pain syndrome (BPS)/interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic symptom complex that may cause bothersome storage symptoms and pain or discomfort of the bladder, adversely affecting a patient's quality of life. The etiology of IC/BPS remains unclear, and its cause may be multifactorial. Diagnosis of IC/BPS is based on clinical features, and the possibility of other conditions must be ruled out first. Although no definitive treatment is currently available for IC/BPS, various intravesical therapies are used for IC/BPS, including heparin, hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulfate, pentosan polysulfate, dimethylsulfoxide, liposomes, and botulinum onabotulinumtoxinA (BoNT-A)...
January 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341501/tadalafil-improves-symptoms-erectile-function-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-suggestive-of-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-kyu-pro-study
#17
Ryosuke Takahashi, Minoru Miyazato, Hisae Nishii, Yasuhiro Sumino, Kazuo Takayama, Masako Onzuka, Takuma Oshiro, Seiichi Saito, Naohiro Fujimoto, Hiromitsu Mimata, Masatoshi Eto
OBJECTIVES: Effect of tadalafil on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), erectile function and quality of life (QoL) were prospectively evaluated in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) at multicenter. METHODS: Eligible men were ≥40 years who had no treatment with alpha-blocker for BPH, with total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥8, IPSS-QOL ≥2 and prostate volume ≥20 mL. Data were collected on age, body mass index (BMI), and prostate specific antigen (PSA)...
January 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386953/reliability-and-validity-of-the-quality-of-life-questionnaire-in-iranian-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#18
Abbas Ali Pourmomeny, Mahtab Zargham, Maedeh Fani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaire in patients with urinary incontinence (UI). METHODS: The English questionnaire on lower urinary tract symptoms was initially translated into Persian, and then back-translated into English. Final modifications were made after testing the questionnaire on Iranian patients with UI. To validate the translated questionnaire, the following tests were undertaken: content/face validity, internal consistency/reliability and construct validity...
January 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943566/impact-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-on-volume-reduction-and-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer
#19
Satoshi Washino, Masaru Hirai, Kimitoshi Saito, Yutaka Kobayashi, Yoshiaki Arai, Tomoaki Miyagawa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on prostate volume, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and LUTS-related quality of life (QOL) in patients with prostate cancer. METHODS: Patients with prostate cancer (PCa) were treated with goserelin and bicalutamide for 24 weeks. Changes in the total prostate volume (TPV), International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and QOL score for urinary symptoms were assessed every 12 weeks. Of the 42 patients enrolled, 8 patients withdrew and 2 were excluded, so 32 patients were analyzed...
January 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792298/potential-primary-endpoint-for-exploratory-clinical-trial-in-patients-with-overactive-bladder-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
Shingo Iino, Masayuki Kaneko, Mamoru Narukawa
OBJECTIVES: To identify a potential primary endpoint in an early-phase exploratory trial among key overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms. METHODS: Placebo-controlled double-blinding trials in patients with OAB were extracted for systematic literature review. The correlation between key OAB symptoms recorded in bladder diaries and coefficient of variation (CV) in each study were assessed. RESULTS: Forty-one controlled trials were extracted for the present review...
January 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
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