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Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439987/comparison-of-silodosin-versus-tadalafil-in-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-associated-with-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#1
Masaki Yoshida, Hideki Origasa, Narihito Seki
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy and safety of silodosin versus tadalafil for treating lower urinary tract symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH). METHODS: After informed consent, patients with LUTS/BPH were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive silodosin 8 mg/day or tadalafil 5 mg/day for 8 weeks (Period 1). Patients treated with tadalafil entered an exploratory phase and received silodosin or tadalafil for another 8 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the change in the total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) with Period 1 treatment...
April 25, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439968/effects-of-an-ep2-and-ep3-receptor-dual-agonist-ono-8055-on-a-radical-hysterectomy-induced-underactive-bladder-model-in-monkeys
#2
Hidekazu Matsuya, Noritoshi Sekido, Jun Kida, Hiroko Mashimo, Daisuke Wakamatsu, Hiroki Okada
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to develop an underactive bladder (UAB) model in primates and to evaluate the potential of prostanoid EP2 and EP3 receptor dual agonist ONO-8055 to become a therapeutic agent for UAB. METHODS: A surgical procedure resembling radical hysterectomy was performed on female cynomolgus monkeys. Subsequently, in vitro muscle strip studies were performed using bladder muscle strips from normal monkeys and monkeys that underwent surgery. In addition, uroflowmetric data were obtained at specified days after the surgery...
April 25, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436153/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-language-version-of-the-international-consultation-on-incontinence-questionnaire-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-iciq-mluts
#3
Abbas Ali Pourmomeny, Behnaz Ghanei, Farshid Alizadeh
OBJECTIVES: Assessment instruments are essential for research, allowing diagnosis and evaluating treatment outcomes in subjects with lower urinary tract disorders of both genders. The purpose of this study was to translate the Male Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (MLUTS) Questionnaire and determine its psychometric properties in Persian subjects. METHODS: After getting permission from the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire (ICIQ) web site, the forward and backward translation of the MLUTS questionnaire were carried out by researcher team...
April 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436145/comparisons-of-the-clinical-outcomes-and-urodynamic-effects-of-mirabegron-versus-tolterodine-treatment-for-female-overactive-bladder-syndrome-a-subgroup-analysis-of-a-controlled-randomised-prospective-study
#4
Sheng-Mou Hsiao, Ting-Chen Chang, Chi-Hau Chen, Wen-Yih Wu, Ho-Hsiung Lin
OBJECTIVES: The impact of mirabegron on clinical outcome and urodynamic parameters may be important for clinical practice. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and urodynamic effects of mirabegron (Betmiga 50 mg) versus tolterodine (Detrusitol ER 4 mg) treatment for women with overactive bladder syndrome (OAB). METHODS: Women with OAB were randomized to receive 12 weeks of mirabegron 50 mg, tolterodine extended-release 4 mg or placebo treatment...
April 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436120/efficacy-of-holmium-laser-transurethral-incision-of-the-prostate-in-symptomatic-mild-to-moderate-benign-prostate-enlargement-based-on-preoperative-characteristics
#5
Yoon Seok Suh, Kwang Jin Ko, Tae Heon Kim, Hyun Hwan Sung, Kyu-Sung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of Holmium laser transurethral incision of the prostate (Ho-TUIP) with preoperative characteristics based on urodynamic parameters. METHODS: The medical records of 40 consecutive cases of Ho-TUIP in patients unresponsive to medical treatment were retrospectively reviewed. The efficacy of Ho-TUIP was analyzed according to preoperative factors, including urodynamic parameters. Treatment success was confirmed if overall efficacy demonstrated an improvement that was "good or greater" according to the criteria developed by Homma et al...
April 23, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386998/metabolic-syndrome-induced-bladder-cannabinoid-receptor-changes-in-the-fructose-fed-rats
#6
I-Hung Chen, Juei-Tang Cheng, Yat-Ching Tong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of metabolic syndrome on the bladder cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2 (CB1/CB2) expression and function in the fructose-fed rats (FR). METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups: (i) Control rats fed with normal chow; and (ii) Rats fed with high-fructose diet (FR) for 9 weeks. The body weight, blood pressure, plasma sugar, insulin, triglyceride and cholesterol were measured. Bladder muscle strips were prepared in organ bath and pre-contracted with 1 µM/L acetylcholine (ACh) or 50 mM/L KCl...
April 6, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386953/reliability-and-validity-of-the-quality-of-life-questionnaire-in-iranian-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#7
Abbas Ali Pourmomeny, Mahtab Zargham, Maedeh Fani
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Quality of Life (QoL) questionnaire in patients with urinary incontinence (UI). METHODS: The English questionnaire on lower urinary tract symptoms was initially translated into Persian, and then back-translated into English. Final modifications were made after testing the questionnaire on Iranian patients with UI. To validate the translated questionnaire, the following tests were undertaken: content/face validity, internal consistency/reliability and construct validity...
April 6, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256100/uwin-urgency-weak-stream-incomplete-void-nocturia-score-for-assessment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-could-it-replace-the-american-urology-association-symptom-index-score-an-open-label-randomized-cross-over-trial
#8
Ashwin Mallya, Ramaiah Keshavamurthy, Vilvapathy S Karthikeyan, Sumit Kumar, Mahadevappa Nagabhushana, Ananth J Kamath
OBJECTIVE: The American Urology Association symptom index (AUASI) is the most accepted tool to assess lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). UWIN (urgency, weak stream, incomplete void, nocturia) score is a simplified questionnaire with fewer and more distinctive options omitting three questions from AUASI. We sought to identify if UWIN is equally efficient in capturing LUTS and could replace the gold-standard AUASI. METHODS: Consecutive consenting male patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-LUTS were randomized to receive either UWIN/AUASI questionnaire first followed by the other...
March 3, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224714/urethral-sphincter-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-a-a-review-of-its-application-and-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
Jai Seth, Sophie Rintoul-Hoad, Arun Sahai
The first reported application of Botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A) into the urethral sphincter predates the first documented use in the bladder. The aim of this review is to describe the clinical indications of BTX-A injection into the urethral sphincter and its clinical efficacy. This review of the literature includes the larger more significant published studies that have reported on this use of BTX-A. Case reports and articles not published in English were excluded. There have been many published clinical studies describing the use of BTX-A in the urethral sphincter, four of which are randomized placebo controlled trials...
February 22, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168811/transobturator-tape-operation-for-the-treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-postmenopausal-women-aged-over-65%C3%A2-years
#10
Cenk Yasa, Funda Gungor Ugurlucan, Ozlem Dural, Harika Yumru, Cansu Gunaydin, Onay Yalcin
OBJECTIVE: We compared success rates and complication rates in women aged less then and equal to or more than 65 years who had undergone transobturator tape (TOT) surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study that included patients who underwent surgery to treat SUI. We separated patients into two groups according to age: younger than 65 years and equal to or older than 65 years. Exclusion criteria were patients with history of incontinence surgery, history of radical pelvic surgery, concomitant pelvic organ prolapse repair, detrusor overactivity, and less than 1 year of postoperative follow-up...
February 6, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160499/clinical-effects-of-formulated-food-of-peucedanum-japonicum-extract-and-saw-palmetto-extract-in-male-patients-with-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#11
Shinji Kageyama, Masanori Beppu, Hiromu Ohnogi, Sayaka Miyazaki, Akihiro Haruno, Yoshihiko Ito, Shizuo Yamada
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate changes over time in subjective symptom scores and urination parameters before and after oral administration of formulated food containing a combination of Peucedanum japonicum (P. japonicum) extract and saw palmetto extract (SPE) in male patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). METHODS: This study was conducted in an open label manner on male patients with untreated LUTS. The urination state of patients was evaluated before and after administration of food formulated with P...
February 4, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150436/efficacy-and-safety-of-gabapentin-in-comparison-to-solifenacin-succinate-in-adult-overactive-bladder-treatment
#12
Michael E Chua, Manuel C See, Ednalyn B Esmeňa, Jaime C Balingit, Marcelino L Morales
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of gabapentin in comparison to solifenacin succinate and placebo for the treatment of adult patients with overactive bladder (OAB). METHOD: A 12-week, randomized, double-blind, double dummy placebo-controlled, clinical trial was conducted between October 2010 and August 2014 at a tertiary medical center. Eligible and consenting patients included were randomized into three treatment groups (placebo, gabapentin and solifenacin)...
February 2, 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394500/naftopidil-improves-symptoms-in-a-rat-model-of-tranilast-induced-interstitial-cystitis
#13
Kimio Sugaya, Saori Nishijima, Katsumi Kadekawa, Katsuhiro Ashitomi, Tomoyuki Ueda, Hideyuki Yamamoto
OBJECTIVE: The effect of naftopidil on symptoms of tranilast-induced interstitial cystitis (IC) was examined in rats. METHODS: Thirty-two female rats were divided into four groups (control, naftopidil, tranilast, and combination groups). Rats in the control group were fed a standard diet, while rats in the naftopidil, tranilast, and combination groups were fed diets containing naftopidil, tranilast, or naftopidil + tranilast, respectively. After 4 weeks of treatment, locomotor activity was measured and continuous cystometry was performed...
May 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394499/antioxidant-agent-quercetin-prevents-impairment-of-bladder-tissue-contractility-and-apoptosis-in-a-rat-model-of-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#14
Ilker Tinay, Tarik E Sener, Ozge Cevik, Selin Cadirci, Hale Toklu, Sule Cetinel, Göksel Sener, Tufan Tarcan
OBJECTIVES: To examine the possible protective effect of quercetin (QT), which is well known for its antioxidant and protective effects in circumstances of oxidative stress, on urinary bladder tissue in a rat model of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, which is a known factor for the development of lower urinary tract dysfunction partly mediated by the generation of free radicals causing oxidative damage. METHODS: Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to I/R injury through clamping the abdominal aorta for 30 min and then allowing reperfusion for the next 60 min...
May 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394498/degarelix-versus-goserelin-plus-bicalutamide-in-the-short-term-relief-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-prostate-cancer-patients-results-of-a-pooled-analysis
#15
Malcolm Mason, Pierre Richaud, Zsolt Bosnyak, Anders Malmberg, Anders Neijber
OBJECTIVE: In patients with prostate cancer (PCa), prostate enlargement may give rise to lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS); many patients suffer from moderate-to-severe symptoms. We compare the efficacy of degarelix and goserelin plus bicalutamide in improving LUTS in PCa patients. METHODS: Data were pooled from three Phase 3, randomized clinical trials of once-monthly treatment for 12 weeks with degarelix (240/80 mg; n = 289) or goserelin (3.6 mg) plus bicalutamide (50 mg; n = 174) for initial flare protection...
May 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394497/prediction-of-mid-urethral-sling-failure-with-clinical-findings-and-urodynamics
#16
Serdar Aydin, Çağrı Arioğlu Aydin, Fırat Ersan
OBJECTIVE: Mid-urethral slings (MUS) become a standard, minimally invasive surgery to treat urinary stress incontinence. Our aim is to investigate the contribution of preoperative urodynamics to mid-urethral slings success and determine predictors for choosing mid-urethral sling route. METHODS: Women with stress urinary incontinence and who desired surgical correction of their incontinence were included in the study. The selection of the procedure was according to an algorithm used in an institution...
May 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394496/change-of-ultrasound-estimated-bladder-weight-and-bladder-wall-thickness-after-treatment-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction-with-dutasteride
#17
Ha Na Lee, Young-Suk Lee, Deok Hyun Han, Kyu-Sung Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the change of bladder wall hypertrophy to relieve bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) by treatment with 5α-reductase inhibitor. METHODS: Men who have BOO confirmed by urodynamic study (BOO index ≥40) were treated with dutasteride 0.5 mg once a day for 6 months. We measured ultrasound estimated bladder weight (UEBW), UEBW divided by body surface area (UEBW/BSA), and bladder wall thickness (BWT) before and after treatment. Changes in LUTS parameters were assessed by using the International Prostate Symptom Score, uroflowmetry, residual urine volume, prostate volume, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), and LUTS outcome scores (LOS)...
May 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394495/effect-of-naftopidil-on-bladder-microcirculation-in-a-rat-model-of-bladder-outlet-obstruction
#18
Tsuyoshi Majima, Tokunori Yamamoto, Yasuhito Funahashi, Shun Takai, Yoshihisa Matsukawa, Masaki Yoshida, Momokazu Gotoh
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of naftopidil on bladder capillary blood flow using bladder outlet obstruction model rats. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: control group, bladder-outlet-obstruction group, and bladder-outlet-obstruction + naftopidil group. Bladder-outlet-obstruction surgery was performed in the bladder-outlet-obstruction and bladder-outlet-obstruction + naftopidil groups. The control group received sham-operation...
May 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394494/high-frequency-continuous-pulsed-magnetic-stimulation-does-not-adversely-affect-development-on-whole-body-organs-in-female-sprague-dawley-rats
#19
Eiichi Sato, Tomonori Yamanishi, Yasuo Imai, Masashi Kobayashi, Taku Sakamoto, Yuko Ono, Akiko Fujii, Takehiko Yamaguchi, Tsukasa Nakamura, Yoshihiko Ueda
OBJECTIVES: To conduct histopathological studies on various organs in three different groups of female rats for adverse effects of pulsed magnetic stimulation (MS). Blood tests and body and organ weights were also studied. METHODS: A high-frequency continuous magnetic stimulator was used (SMN-X, Nihon Kohden, Tokyo). Thirty-four female Sprague-Dawley rats (SPF) were randomly divided into three groups: treatment (MS) groups with 12 and 36 stimulations (seven rats in each); sham groups exposed only to sounds of stimulation for 12 and 36 times; (seven rats in each); and control groups with no stimulation or sound during the same periods of 12 and 36 stimulations (five rats in each)...
May 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394493/synergic-suppressive-effect-of-silodosin-and-imidafenacin-on-non-voiding-bladder-contractions-in-male-rats-with-subacute-bladder-outlet-obstruction
#20
Rino Sugiyama, Naoki Aizawa, Hiroki Ito, Tetsuya Fujimura, Motofumi Suzuki, Tohru Nakagawa, Hiroshi Fukuhara, Haruki Kume, Yukio Homma, Yasuhiko Igawa
OBJECTIVES: To investigate single or combined effect of silodosin, an α1A-adrenoceptor antagonist, and imidafenacin, an antimuscarinic agent, on bladder function in a subacute bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) model of male rats. METHODS: Partial BOO was created in male Wistar rats by ligating the urethra with a steel rod. On day 10 after surgery, when frequent voiding was most remarkable on voiding behavior measurement in a metabolic cage, cystometric investigations in a conscious restrained condition were conducted with cumulative intravenous administration of silodosin alone (0...
May 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
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