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Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891817/preliminary-study-of-personality-traits-in-chinese-lung-cancer-patients-modification-by-neurotensin-receptor-1-polymorphisms
#1
Hui Ma, Zhengtu Cong, Hongyu Zhang, Jiangang Tao, Chao Yang, Zhijie Song
This study recruited 148 lung cancer patients and 157 healthy Chinese individuals to evaluate the personality traits of Chinese lung cancer patients using the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire and to investigate the associations between these traits and the rs6090453C/G and rs6011914C/G polymorphisms of the neurotensin receptor 1 gene. The results demonstrated significant differences in the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire total and subscale scores between the 2 groups. Significant differences were found in the reward dependence 2 (RD2) score between the rs6090453C/G genotypes and in the total harm avoidance (HA), HA1, HA2, HA4, and RD2 scores between the rs6011914C/G genotypes...
November 28, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807927/perceptions-of-stigma-and-its-correlates-among-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-multicenter-survey-from-china
#2
Feng Shi-Jie, Gao Hong-Mei, Wang Li, Wang Bin-Hong, Fang Yi-Ru, Wang Gang, Si Tian-Mei
BACKGROUND: The stigma of major depressive disorder (MDD) is an important public health problem. This study evaluated stigma in MDD patients in China using explanatory model interview catalogue (EMIC) questionnaire and the demographic and clinical symptom factors associated with the stigma of these patients. METHODS: A total of 158 MDD patients from domestic 3 mental health centers were surveyed. We used the EMIC questionnaire to assess stigma of these patients, Montgomery and Asberg depression rating scale (MADRS) to assess depressive severity, self-reporting inventory (SCL-90) to assess mental health level, Sheehan disability scale (SDS) to assess social function, and fatigue severity scale (FSS) to assess degree of fatigue...
November 2, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804260/cortisol-and-acth-levels-in-drug-naive-adolescents-with-first-episode-early-onset-schizophrenia
#3
Şeref Şimşek, Salih Gençoğlan, Tuğba Yüksel, Hüseyin Aktaş
The aim of this study was to investigate serum levels of cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone in adolescents with first-episode early onset schizophrenia. A total of 23 adolescent patients, who did not receive prior therapy and who were diagnosed with psychosis according to DSM-IV, were included. Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version, Positive and Negative Symptom Scale, and Clinical Global Impression Scale were conducted with the participants. No significant differences were found between the patients and the control subjects in serum cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone levels (P > ...
November 2, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759189/prescribing-patterns-of-psychotropic-medications-and-clinical-features-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-dysthymia-in-china
#4
Yuan Feng, Sha Sha, Chen Hu, Gang Wang, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Chee H Ng, Tian-Mei Si, Da-Fang Chen, Yi-Ru Fang, Zheng Lu, Hai-Chen Yang, Jian Hu, Zhi-Yu Chen, Yi Huang, Jing Sun, Xiao-Ping Wang, Hui-Chun Li, Jin-Bei Zhang, Yu-Tao Xiang
INTRODUCTION: Little has been reported about the demographic and clinical features of major depressive disorder (MDD) with comorbid dysthymia in Chinese patients. This study examined the frequency of comorbid dysthymia in Chinese MDD patients together with the demographic and clinical correlates and prescribing patterns of psychotropic drugs. METHODS: Consecutively collected sample of 1178 patients with MDD were examined in 13 major psychiatric hospitals in China...
October 19, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734592/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-schizophrenia-a-survey-of-randomized-trials
#5
Hongyong Deng, Clive E Adams
OBJECTIVE: To survey the reports of randomized trials of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interventions for schizophrenia and produce a broad overview of this type of research activity in this area. METHOD: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's comprehensive Trials Register (January 2016), selected all relevant randomized trials, and extracted the data within each study. Finally, we sought relevant reviews on the Cochrane Library. RESULTS: We initially screened 423 articles from which we identified 378 relevant studies randomizing 35 341 participants (average study size 94, SD 60)...
October 13, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723245/prevalence-of-probable-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-determination-of-its-relationship-with-everyday-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-by-using-generalized-estimating-equations
#6
Ye Zhang, Jun Zhang, Shenyue Zhu, Changhui Du, Wei Zhang
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the prevalence rates for probable PTSD and used generalized estimating equations to identify risk factors for probable PTSD in children and adolescents exposed to the Lushan earthquake. METHODS: A total of 1623 participants completed 3 assessments, including the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale, at 2 weeks, 3, and 6 months after experiencing the Lushan earthquake. Additionally, demographic variables and variables related to everyday functioning were evaluated at 2 weeks after the earthquake via a self-constructed questionnaire...
October 10, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787965/a-pet-type-robot-artificial-intelligence-robot-assisted-therapy-for-a-patient-with-schizophrenia
#7
LETTER
Shin Narita, Nobuyo Ohtani, Chikako Waga, Mitsuaki Ohta, Jun Ishigooka, Kazuhiko Iwahashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787964/association-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-valine-to-methionine-polymorphism-with-sexual-dysfunction-following-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-treatment-in-female-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Nur Elia Nazree, Zahurin Mohamed, Gavin P Reynolds, Shamsul Mohd Zain, Ruziana Masiran, Hatta Sidi, Lu Ann Chong, Anne Yee Hway, Aida Syarinaz Adlan, Nor Zuraida Zainal
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) receiving selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) treatment gives negative impacts on patients' quality of life and causes treatment discontinuation. We aimed to investigate whether genetic polymorphism of identified candidate gene is associated with FSD in our study population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 95 female patients with MDD who met the criteria of the study were recruited and were specifically assessed on the sexual function by trained psychiatrists...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015764/the-symptom-trajectories-to-clinical-remission-in-chinese-patients-with-unipolar-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Yuping Cao, Jingjin Shen, Wen Li, Yu Zhang, Xiaoyun Guo, Chiang-Shan Li, Yalin Zhang, Xingguang Luo
There is little understanding of how unipolar major depressive disorder (UMDD) symptoms evolve in response to antidepressant treatment. The present research examined the associations between symptom trajectories and clinical remission in Chinese patients with UMDD. A total of 165 outpatients with UMDD received treatment of fluoxetine (20 mg/day) for 6 weeks and were assessed for symptom severity at weeks 1, 2, 4, and 6. We found that patients with UMDD show heterogeneity in treatment response to fluoxetine...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020720/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-amisulpride-in-chinese-patients-with-schizophrenia-an-8-week-prospective-open-label-multicenter-single-arm-study
#10
Ying Liang, Changan Cao, Cheng Zhu, Chuanyue Wang, Congpei Zhang, Fang Dong, Fude Yang, Hong Deng, Jingjie Yu, Jisheng Tang, Lei Su, Limin Xin, Ling Hong, Minglong Gao, Muni Tang, Shiping Xie, Shuiping Lu, Tiebang Liu, Xiaojin Xu, Xijin Wang, Xuanzi Li, Xueyi Wang, Yi Li, Yong Zhang, Zhiyu Chen, Xin Yu
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of amisulpride in Chinese schizophrenia patients. METHODS: A multicenter, single-arm Phase IV study (NCT01795183). Chinese patients with schizophrenia received amisulpride for 8 weeks. The primary endpoint was ≥50% decrease in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale total score from Baseline to Week 8. RESULTS: A total of 316 patients were enrolled; 295 were included in the effectiveness analysis; 66...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26615809/psychometric-properties-of-malay-neuropsychiatry-unit-cognitive-assessment-tool-among-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-in-comparison-to-malay-montreal-cognitive-assessment
#11
Kai Shin Thong, Kok Yoon Chee, Chong Guan Ng, Mark Walterfang, Dennis Velakoulis
This study aims to establish psychometric properties of the Malay Neuropsychiatry Unit Cognitive Assessment Tool (Malay NuCOG) in Alzheimer's disease. NuCOG was translated to Malay language and compared with Montreal Cognitive Assessment Tool on 80 individuals. The Malay NuCOG showed good internal consistency and reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.895). It demonstrated 100% sensitivity and 87.5% specificity at the cutoff score of 78.50/100. The Malay NuCOG is a valid and reliable cognitive instrument that is sensitive and specific for the detection of dementia and has clinical advantages in its ability to examine individual cognitive domains...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26440145/chinese-version-of-the-schizotypal-personality-questionnaire-factor-structure-replication-and-invariance-across-sex
#12
Junhong Yu, Allan B I Bernardo, Charles M Zaroff
INTRODUCTION: The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) is a self-report measure assessing symptoms of schizotypy. The SPQ has been used in both normative and clinical samples and has much theoretical and empirical support. A three-factor structure of the SPQ, derived on the basis of work in schizophrenia, consisting of Cognitive-Perceptual, Interpersonal, and Disorganized factors, has been well replicated. The present study aimed to (i) validate this three-factor structure in the Chinese version of the SPQ in a sample of individuals of Chinese ethnicity, and (ii) test for invariance across sex...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26346037/-141c-insertion-deletion-polymorphism-of-the-dopamine-d2-receptor-gene-is-associated-with-schizophrenia-in-chinese-han-population-evidence-from-an-ethnic-group-specific-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Xiaofeng Zhao, Yinglin Huang, Kaiyuan Chen, Duolu Li, Chao Han, Quancheng Kan
Accumulate evidence has implicated dopamine D2 receptor gene polymorphisms in the etiology of schizophrenia. A single nucleotide polymorphism, -141C insertion/deletion (Ins/Del) (rs1799732), in the promoter region of the dopamine D2 receptor gene has been linked to schizophrenia; however, the data are inconclusive. This study investigated whether the -141C polymorphism is associated with the risk of schizophrenia in different ethnic groups by performing a meta-analysis. A total of 24 case-control studies examining the association between -141C Ins/Del polymorphism and schizophrenia were identified according to established inclusion criteria...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26314952/physiological-characteristics-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-prematurely-dying-from-circulatory-diseases
#14
Pao-Huan Chen, Shang-Ying Tsai, Chian-Jue Kuo, Kuo-Hsuan Chung, Shou-Hung Huang, Chiao-Chicy Chen
INTRODUCTION: Patients with schizophrenia before reaching geriatric age are at high risk of circulatory mortality. However, investigations are lacking on the characteristics of physiological measurement among these at-risk patients. METHODS: In this study, we followed acutely inpatients with schizophrenia disorder for cause of death through record linkage to the Death Certification System in Taiwan. Cases of patients who died because of circulatory morbidity (ICD-9 401-443) before turning 65 years old were used...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26238298/duloxetine-in-treating-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-published-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials
#15
Yingli Zhang, Guoping Huang, Shichang Yang, Wei Liang, Lei Zhang, Changhong Wang
INTRODUCTION: We carried out a meta-analysis of published randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trails to assess the efficacy and tolerability of duloxetine in treating generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed, ISI Web of Science, Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases until October 2014. The search terms used were "anxiety or anxious or generalized anxiety disorder" and "duloxetine or Cymbalta...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26178524/prevalence-correlates-of-major-depression-a-mental-health-survey-among-undergraduates-at-a-mainland-chinese-university
#16
Wenjun Li, Xiangfei Meng, Ziqi Xu, Qiong Yu, Jieping Shi, Yaqin Yu, Carl D'Arcy, Yueqin Huang, Changgui Kou
INTRODUCTION: This cross-sectional survey among Chinese university students aimed to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of major depressive disorder (MDD) among undergraduates, in order to provide basic information for the prevention and treatment of depression among the college-aged population. METHODS: A total of 2,046 undergraduates were interviewed face to face using the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview Version 3.0 (WHO-CIDI, version 3...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25963405/antipsychotics-as-antidepressants
#17
REVIEW
Rona Jeannie Roberts, Kavita K Lohano, Rif S El-Mallakh
Three second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) agents have received FDA approval for adjunctive treatment, to antidepressant, of major depressive disorder: quetiapine, aripiprazole, and olanzapine. Additionally, quetiapine and lurasidone have been approved for the treatment of bipolar depression. There are data suggesting that quetiapine is effective for major depressive disorder as monotherapy. These agents are effective for depression only at subantipsychotic doses. Receptor profiles predict that all SGA will have anxiolytic effects as subantipsychotic doses but that all will be dysphorogenic at full antipsychotic doses (i...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557337/conceptual-issues-behind-the-chinese-translations-of-the-term-bipolar-disorder
#18
Chi-Ming Leung, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang
The paper examines the problems of the existing nomenclature in Chinese psychiatry with special reference to the Chinese translation of bipolar disorder in the context of stigma of mental illness in the Chinese culture. The development of the concept of bipolar disorder is reviewed, followed by a critical examination of the accuracy and validity of the current translation of bipolar disorder in the Chinese psychiatric literature. A new translation is suggested with consideration for literal accuracy and social acceptance...
August 24, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552649/lost-in-transition-a-review-of-the-unmet-need-of-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-transitioning-to-adulthood
#19
Tamás Treuer, Kwok Ling Phyllis Chan, Bung Nyun Kim, Ganesh Kunjithapatham, Dora Wynchank, Bengi Semerci, William Montgomery, Diego Novick, Héctor Dueñas
This review discusses the unmet needs of patients with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who are transitioning into adulthood. Although awareness and recognition of ADHD in children, adolescents, and adults have improved in recent years, there is often an interruption in management of the disorder when adolescent patients transition to adult health care services. This review has the following objectives: (1) to identify key issues patients with ADHD (with or without an early diagnosis) face during transition into adulthood; (2) to review the current clinical practice and country-specific approaches to the management of the transition into adulthood for patients with ADHD; (3) to discuss challenges facing clinicians and their patients when drug treatment for ADHD is initiated; (4) to review current ADHD guidelines on transition management in Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Turkey, and Africa; and (5) to examine economic consequences associated with ADHD...
August 23, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505724/diagnostic-accuracy-of-japanese-posttraumatic-stress-measures-after-a-complex-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#20
Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Naoko Horikoshi, Seiji Yasumura, Norito Kawakami, Akira Ohtsuru, Hirobumi Mashiko, Masaharu Maeda
BACKGROUND: The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist (PCL) has been widely used among traumatized populations to screen people with PTSD; however, the Japanese version of the PCL has yet to be validated. We examined the diagnostic accuracy of the Japanese version PCL-Specific (PCL-S) and the abbreviated versions of the PCL-S among the evacuees of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. METHODS: Fifty-one participants were recruited from an evacuee and clinical sample...
August 9, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
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