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Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326670/validation-of-an-informant-based-cognitive-screening-tool-for-parkinson-disease
#1
Kok-Yoon Chee, Kheng-Yee Ong, Chin-Yeat Mak, Sapini Yacob, Shen-Cheng Yeo, Nathisha Thrichelam, Deepa Darshini Amarnath, Kai-Shin Thong, Chee-Hoong Moey, Thanam Ponusamy, Shanthi Viswanathan, Santhi Puvanarajah
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to establish the psychometric properties of the AD8 Dementia Screening Interview in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) with or without cognitive impairment using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Tool (MoCA) for comparison. METHODS: The AD8 was translated into Malay for Malay-speaking participants. A correlation analysis and a receiver operator characteristic curve were generated to establish the psychometric properties of the AD8 in relation to the MoCA...
March 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220613/comparison-of-treatment-patterns-in-schizophrenia-between-china-and-japan-2001-2009
#2
Yu-Tao Xiang, Takahiro A Kato, Taishiro Kishimoto, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Tian-Mei Si, Shu-Yu Yang, Senta Fujii, Chee H Ng, Naotaka Shinfuku
INTRODUCTION: To date no study has compared the treatment patterns for schizophrenia specifically between China and Japan. This study examined the cross-national differences in the use of psychotropic drugs and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in schizophrenia. METHOD: Data on 3248 schizophrenia inpatients (n = 1524 in China and n = 1724 in Japan) were collected by either chart review or interviews during the designated 3 study periods between 2001 and 2009. Patients' socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, prescriptions of psychotropic drugs, and ECT use were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure...
February 20, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127873/early-menarche-and-risk-taking-behavior-in-korean-adolescent-students
#3
Hyun Soo Kim, Byeong Moo Choe, Jae Hong Park, Seong Hwan Kim
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to assess the correlation between early menarche and risk-taking behavior in a representative sample of Korean adolescent students. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional, nationally representative sample of 33 829 female adolescents (grades 7-12) from the 2014 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to test the association between early menarche and risk-taking behavior...
January 27, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127870/gender-differences-in-exposure-and-vulnerability-to-psychosocial-and-behavioral-factors-of-suicide-attempt-among-korean-adolescents
#4
Gyeong-Suk Jeon, Kyungwon Choi, Sung-Il Cho
INTRODUCTION: This study examined gender differences in suicide attempts and their association with exposure and vulnerability to psychosocial, behavioral, and structural factors among Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data of 74 854 adolescents, taken from the 2010 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey, were used. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the contribution of differential exposure to psychosocial, behavioral, and structural factors for gender differences of suicidal attempt...
January 27, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093868/applicability-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-personal-and-social-performance-scale-in-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders
#5
Ying Qiao, Shen He, Liang Su, Jian-Zheng Zhu, Jian-Hua Sheng, Hua-Fang Li
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to determine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Personal and Social Performance scale (PSP-CHN) and assess the applicability of using the PSP-CHN in patients with severe mental disorders. METHODS: A total of 285 outpatients with severe mental disorders, 220 with schizophrenia and 65 with major depressive disorder, were enrolled into the study. Both diagnoses were made using the DSM-IV. All the patients were assessed with the PSP-CHN, the GAF, and the CGI-S...
January 16, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147468/the-delaying-effect-of-stigma-on-mental-health-help-seeking-in-sri-lanka
#6
Sunera M Fernando, Frank P Deane, Hamish J McLeod
BACKGROUND: Mental health stigma has been associated with delays in seeking treatment. AIMS: To describe perceived stigma experienced by patients and carers in Sri Lanka and to determine the effects of stigma on help-seeking delay. METHODS: Survey of outpatients and family carers (n = 118 dyads) attending two psychiatric hospitals in Sri Lanka, using the Disclosure and Discrimination subscales of the Stigma Scale. RESULTS: Stigma was positively related to help-seeking delay for carers but not patients...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147467/decreased-blood-urea-nitrogen-reveals-polydipsia-in-a-vegetarian-with-schizophrenia
#7
LETTER
Hsuan-Te Chu, Pei-Shen Ho, Yao-Wen Liu, Chih-Sung Liang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804260/cortisol-and-acth-levels-in-drug-naive-adolescents-with-first-episode-early-onset-schizophrenia
#8
Şeref Şimşek, Salih Gençoğlan, Tuğba Yüksel, Hüseyin Aktaş
The aim of this study was to investigate serum levels of cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone in adolescents with first-episode early onset schizophrenia. A total of 23 adolescent patients, who did not receive prior therapy and who were diagnosed with psychosis according to DSM-IV, were included. Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version, Positive and Negative Symptom Scale, and Clinical Global Impression Scale were conducted with the participants. No significant differences were found between the patients and the control subjects in serum cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone levels (P > ...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759189/prescribing-patterns-of-psychotropic-medications-and-clinical-features-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-dysthymia-in-china
#9
Yuan Feng, Sha Sha, Chen Hu, Gang Wang, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Chee H Ng, Tian-Mei Si, Da-Fang Chen, Yi-Ru Fang, Zheng Lu, Hai-Chen Yang, Jian Hu, Zhi-Yu Chen, Yi Huang, Jing Sun, Xiao-Ping Wang, Hui-Chun Li, Jin-Bei Zhang, Yu-Tao Xiang
INTRODUCTION: Little has been reported about the demographic and clinical features of major depressive disorder (MDD) with comorbid dysthymia in Chinese patients. This study examined the frequency of comorbid dysthymia in Chinese MDD patients together with the demographic and clinical correlates and prescribing patterns of psychotropic drugs. METHODS: Consecutively collected sample of 1178 patients with MDD were examined in 13 major psychiatric hospitals in China...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734592/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-schizophrenia-a-survey-of-randomized-trials
#10
REVIEW
Hongyong Deng, Clive E Adams
OBJECTIVE: To survey the reports of randomized trials of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interventions for schizophrenia and produce a broad overview of this type of research activity in this area. METHOD: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's comprehensive Trials Register (January 2016), selected all relevant randomized trials, and extracted the data within each study. Finally, we sought relevant reviews on the Cochrane Library. RESULTS: We initially screened 423 articles from which we identified 378 relevant studies randomizing 35 341 participants (average study size 94, SD 60)...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505724/diagnostic-accuracy-of-japanese-posttraumatic-stress-measures-after-a-complex-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#11
Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Naoko Horikoshi, Seiji Yasumura, Norito Kawakami, Akira Ohtsuru, Hirobumi Mashiko, Masaharu Maeda
BACKGROUND: The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist (PCL) has been widely used among traumatized populations to screen people with PTSD; however, the Japanese version of the PCL has yet to be validated. We examined the diagnostic accuracy of the Japanese version PCL-Specific (PCL-S) and the abbreviated versions of the PCL-S among the evacuees of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. METHODS: Fifty-one participants were recruited from an evacuee and clinical sample...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491493/alcohol-consumption-smoking-and-drug-use-in-pregnancy-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-southern-thailand
#12
Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Darika Saingam, Nualta Apakupakul, J Guy Edwards
INTRODUCTION: Substance use during pregnancy contributes to the risk of adverse health outcomes in mothers and children-in utero and during later development. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of substance use and associated factors in pregnant women receiving antenatal care in public hospitals in Thailand. METHODS: Women (3578) attending 7 antenatal care clinics in Songkhla for the first time during their current pregnancy were interviewed with a structured questionnaire focusing on demographic data, obstetric history, use of alcohol, tobacco, and other substances, and the General Health Questionnaire was administered...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111719/methionine-synthase-2756aa-polymorphism-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-late-life-depression
#13
Ya-Hsu Yang, Chih-Chiang Chiu, Hao-Wei Teng, Chih-Pang Chu, Ching-Jui Chang, Wei-Che Chiu, Chin-Hsin Chen, Mong-Liang Lu, Shen-Ing Liu, Shih-Yi Huang, Hsing-Cheng Liu, I-Wen Sun
BACKGROUNDS: Apolipoprotein E epsilon-4 (APOE ε4) allele, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR C677T), and methionine synthase (MTR A2756G) were tested their associations with cognitive impairment in people with late-life depression (LLD). METHODS: People with LLD were assessed by mini-mental state examination and were examined the distribution of APOE ε4 allele, MTHFR, and MTR polymorphisms. RESULTS: Odds ratio of MTR 2756 AA to MTR 2756 AG and GG genotypes for the risk of cognitive impairment was 5...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932826/interpersonal-psychological-theory-and-parental-bonding-predict-suicidal-ideation-among-soldiers-in-taiwan
#14
Kai-Cheng Huang, Dong-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hung Lin, Wei-Ching Chung
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is an important issue among military personnel, who have higher suicide rates compared with the general population. The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS) might provide an empirical explanation of this phenomenon, and parental bonding influences social adjustment and suicide. To investigate the relevance of IPTS and parental bonding for suicide among Taiwanese soldiers, a case-control study was conducted. METHODS: Using a suicide-reporting system in a teaching general hospital in Southern Taiwan, 226 at-risk maladjusted soldiers and 229 well-adjusted controls were enrolled...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663807/exploratory-analysis-of-early-treatment-discontinuation-and-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sheng Hu Wu, Ke Wang, Yun Chen, Wan Qi Wang, Fan Wang, William Montgomery, Tamas Treuer
INTRODUCTION: This post-hoc analysis was to investigate the impact of treatment discontinuation on clinical outcomes in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Data are from a 12-month, observational, multinational study that included outpatients aged 6-17 years who were diagnosed with ADHD and treated with atomoxetine, methylphenidate, or nootropic agents. Treatment effectiveness and proportions of patients who discontinued treatment were compared between China and the other non-Western countries/regions combined...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787965/a-pet-type-robot-artificial-intelligence-robot-assisted-therapy-for-a-patient-with-schizophrenia
#16
LETTER
Shin Narita, Nobuyo Ohtani, Chikako Waga, Mitsuaki Ohta, Jun Ishigooka, Kazuhiko Iwahashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787964/association-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-valine-to-methionine-polymorphism-with-sexual-dysfunction-following-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-treatment-in-female-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Nur Elia Nazree, Zahurin Mohamed, Gavin P Reynolds, Shamsul Mohd Zain, Ruziana Masiran, Hatta Sidi, Lu Ann Chong, Anne Yee Hway, Aida Syarinaz Adlan, Nor Zuraida Zainal
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) receiving selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) treatment gives negative impacts on patients' quality of life and causes treatment discontinuation. We aimed to investigate whether genetic polymorphism of identified candidate gene is associated with FSD in our study population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 95 female patients with MDD who met the criteria of the study were recruited and were specifically assessed on the sexual function by trained psychiatrists...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557337/conceptual-issues-behind-the-chinese-translations-of-the-term-bipolar-disorder
#18
REVIEW
Chi-Ming Leung, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang
The paper examines the problems of the existing nomenclature in Chinese psychiatry with special reference to the Chinese translation of bipolar disorder in the context of stigma of mental illness in the Chinese culture. The development of the concept of bipolar disorder is reviewed, followed by a critical examination of the accuracy and validity of the current translation of bipolar disorder in the Chinese psychiatric literature. A new translation is suggested with consideration for literal accuracy and social acceptance...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27224048/adolescent-self-harm-and-risk-factors
#19
Jixiang Zhang, Jianwei Song, Jing Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to define the characteristics of adolescents who have engaged in self-harm behavior and ascertain the risk factors. METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2014, 4,176 adolescents from senior middle schools in Linyi, China, were administered four questionnaire surveys to ascertain the following: incidence of self-harm behavior regarding the frequency of different self-harm behaviors by group (never/one to five times/greater than five times in the last 6 months) and then comparing the self-harm behavior of the different subgroups; symptom self-check, comparing the differences between the adolescents with self-harm behavior and without in nine subscales (somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, fear, paranoid, and psychosis); Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List scores; and Egna Minnenav Barndoms Uppfostran (EMBU) scores...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028544/association-of-ephb1-rs11918092-and-efnb2-rs9520087-with-psychopathological-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-in-chinese-zhuang-and-han-populations
#20
Li Su, Weijun Ling, Juan Jiang, Jing Hu, Jingyuan Fan, Xiaojing Guo, Guifeng Huang, Xinfeng Xie, Jianxiong Long
Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs11918092 and rs9520087) were genotyped in Chinese Zhuang and Han populations. Symptoms of schizophrenic patients were assessed by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. No association of any SNP with schizophrenic susceptibility was found. However, associations of rs9520087 with the total scale score (P = 0.014), positive scale score (P = 0.013), negative scale score (P = 0.032), and general psychopathology scale score (P = 0.031) were found in Zhuang patients...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
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