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Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093868/applicability-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-personal-and-social-performance-scale-in-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders
#1
Ying Qiao, Shen He, Liang Su, Jian-Zheng Zhu, Jian-Hua Sheng, Hua-Fang Li
INTRODUCTION: This study was designed to determine the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Personal and Social Performance scale (PSP-CHN) and assess the applicability of using the PSP-CHN in patients with severe mental disorders. METHODS: A total of 285 outpatients with severe mental disorders, 220 with schizophrenia and 65 with major depressive disorder, were enrolled into the study. Both diagnoses were made using the DSM-IV. All the patients were assessed with the PSP-CHN, the GAF, and the CGI-S...
January 16, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891817/preliminary-study-of-personality-traits-in-chinese-lung-cancer-patients-modification-by-neurotensin-receptor-1-polymorphisms
#2
Hui Ma, Zhengtu Cong, Hongyu Zhang, Jiangang Tao, Chao Yang, Zhijie Song
This study recruited 148 lung cancer patients and 157 healthy Chinese individuals to evaluate the personality traits of Chinese lung cancer patients using the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire and to investigate the associations between these traits and the rs6090453C/G and rs6011914C/G polymorphisms of the neurotensin receptor 1 gene. The results demonstrated significant differences in the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire total and subscale scores between the 2 groups. Significant differences were found in the reward dependence 2 (RD2) score between the rs6090453C/G genotypes and in the total harm avoidance (HA), HA1, HA2, HA4, and RD2 scores between the rs6011914C/G genotypes...
November 28, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807927/perceptions-of-stigma-and-its-correlates-among-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-multicenter-survey-from-china
#3
Feng Shi-Jie, Gao Hong-Mei, Wang Li, Wang Bin-Hong, Fang Yi-Ru, Wang Gang, Si Tian-Mei
BACKGROUND: The stigma of major depressive disorder (MDD) is an important public health problem. This study evaluated stigma in MDD patients in China using explanatory model interview catalogue (EMIC) questionnaire and the demographic and clinical symptom factors associated with the stigma of these patients. METHODS: A total of 158 MDD patients from domestic 3 mental health centers were surveyed. We used the EMIC questionnaire to assess stigma of these patients, Montgomery and Asberg depression rating scale (MADRS) to assess depressive severity, self-reporting inventory (SCL-90) to assess mental health level, Sheehan disability scale (SDS) to assess social function, and fatigue severity scale (FSS) to assess degree of fatigue...
November 2, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804260/cortisol-and-acth-levels-in-drug-naive-adolescents-with-first-episode-early-onset-schizophrenia
#4
Şeref Şimşek, Salih Gençoğlan, Tuğba Yüksel, Hüseyin Aktaş
The aim of this study was to investigate serum levels of cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone in adolescents with first-episode early onset schizophrenia. A total of 23 adolescent patients, who did not receive prior therapy and who were diagnosed with psychosis according to DSM-IV, were included. Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version, Positive and Negative Symptom Scale, and Clinical Global Impression Scale were conducted with the participants. No significant differences were found between the patients and the control subjects in serum cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone levels (P > ...
November 2, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787965/a-pet-type-robot-artificial-intelligence-robot-assisted-therapy-for-a-patient-with-schizophrenia
#5
LETTER
Shin Narita, Nobuyo Ohtani, Chikako Waga, Mitsuaki Ohta, Jun Ishigooka, Kazuhiko Iwahashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787964/association-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-valine-to-methionine-polymorphism-with-sexual-dysfunction-following-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitor-treatment-in-female-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Nur Elia Nazree, Zahurin Mohamed, Gavin P Reynolds, Shamsul Mohd Zain, Ruziana Masiran, Hatta Sidi, Lu Ann Chong, Anne Yee Hway, Aida Syarinaz Adlan, Nor Zuraida Zainal
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) receiving selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) treatment gives negative impacts on patients' quality of life and causes treatment discontinuation. We aimed to investigate whether genetic polymorphism of identified candidate gene is associated with FSD in our study population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. A total of 95 female patients with MDD who met the criteria of the study were recruited and were specifically assessed on the sexual function by trained psychiatrists...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557337/conceptual-issues-behind-the-chinese-translations-of-the-term-bipolar-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Chi-Ming Leung, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang
The paper examines the problems of the existing nomenclature in Chinese psychiatry with special reference to the Chinese translation of bipolar disorder in the context of stigma of mental illness in the Chinese culture. The development of the concept of bipolar disorder is reviewed, followed by a critical examination of the accuracy and validity of the current translation of bipolar disorder in the Chinese psychiatric literature. A new translation is suggested with consideration for literal accuracy and social acceptance...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27224048/adolescent-self-harm-and-risk-factors
#8
Jixiang Zhang, Jianwei Song, Jing Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to define the characteristics of adolescents who have engaged in self-harm behavior and ascertain the risk factors. METHODS: From January 2013 to January 2014, 4,176 adolescents from senior middle schools in Linyi, China, were administered four questionnaire surveys to ascertain the following: incidence of self-harm behavior regarding the frequency of different self-harm behaviors by group (never/one to five times/greater than five times in the last 6 months) and then comparing the self-harm behavior of the different subgroups; symptom self-check, comparing the differences between the adolescents with self-harm behavior and without in nine subscales (somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, fear, paranoid, and psychosis); Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List scores; and Egna Minnenav Barndoms Uppfostran (EMBU) scores...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028544/association-of-ephb1-rs11918092-and-efnb2-rs9520087-with-psychopathological-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-in-chinese-zhuang-and-han-populations
#9
Li Su, Weijun Ling, Juan Jiang, Jing Hu, Jingyuan Fan, Xiaojing Guo, Guifeng Huang, Xinfeng Xie, Jianxiong Long
Two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs11918092 and rs9520087) were genotyped in Chinese Zhuang and Han populations. Symptoms of schizophrenic patients were assessed by the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. No association of any SNP with schizophrenic susceptibility was found. However, associations of rs9520087 with the total scale score (P = 0.014), positive scale score (P = 0.013), negative scale score (P = 0.032), and general psychopathology scale score (P = 0.031) were found in Zhuang patients...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015764/the-symptom-trajectories-to-clinical-remission-in-chinese-patients-with-unipolar-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Yuping Cao, Jingjin Shen, Wen Li, Yu Zhang, Xiaoyun Guo, Chiang-Shan Li, Yalin Zhang, Xingguang Luo
There is little understanding of how unipolar major depressive disorder (UMDD) symptoms evolve in response to antidepressant treatment. The present research examined the associations between symptom trajectories and clinical remission in Chinese patients with UMDD. A total of 165 outpatients with UMDD received treatment of fluoxetine (20 mg/day) for 6 weeks and were assessed for symptom severity at weeks 1, 2, 4, and 6. We found that patients with UMDD show heterogeneity in treatment response to fluoxetine...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26676764/does-acceptance-of-power-distance-influence-propensities-for-problematic-internet-use-evidence-from-a-cross-cultural-study
#11
Christian Montag, Éilish Duke, Peng Sha, Min Zhou, Cornelia Sindermann, Mei Li
INTRODUCTION: Several studies suggest that Asian countries are particularly afflicted by problematic Internet use (PIU). METHODS: The present study investigates whether individual differences in the acceptance of power distance can be linked to overuse of the Internet in Germany and in China. Power distance has been discussed as an essential dimension on which Asian and Western societies differ. In the present study, we investigate two large non-clinical samples from Germany (n = 297) and China (n = 556) to address this question...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26667822/trends-correlates-and-disease-patterns-of-antipsychotic-use-among-elderly-persons-in-taiwan
#12
Chia-Lun Kuo, I-Chia Chien, Ching-Heng Lin
INTRODUCTION: We used the population-based database to investigate the trends, correlates, and disease patterns of antipsychotic use among elderly people in Taiwan. METHODS: The National Health Research Institutes provided a database of 1,000,000 random subjects for health service studies. We analyzed a sample of subjects over the age of 65 years from 1997 to 2005. The trends in and factors associated with antipsychotic use were detected. We also examined the proportions of antipsychotics used for psychiatric and medical disorders...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26585686/purposes-of-internet-use-and-problematic-internet-use-among-turkish-high-school-students
#13
Veysel Demirer, Bahadir Bozoglan
INTRODUCTION: After the emergence of the Internet, the sudden increase in its use soon attracted attention to this phenomenon. Studies have shown that there is a relationship between problematic Internet use (PIU) and the purposes of Internet use. METHODS: The aims of this study are to examine the purposes of Internet use among Turkish high school students according to their gender, frequency of Internet use (FIU), grade point average (GPA) and family income (F-income), and to investigate whether all these variables predict PIU...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26567520/comparison-of-hair-thyroid-hormones-between-first-episode-and-recurrent-patients-with-depression-in-female-chinese
#14
Xiao Yang, Guizhi Sun, Jinxue Wei, Bin Huang, Liansheng Zhao, Yingcheng Wang, Bo Zhou, Li Tao, Xiaohong Ma
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare hair thyroid hormone (TH) levels among first-episode patients with major depressive disorder (F-MDD), recurrent patients with major depressive disorder (R-MDD) and healthy controls (HC). METHODS: The Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) were used to evaluate the clinical symptoms of patients. Electrochemiluminescence immunoassay was used to measure the hair TH levels. We compared the differences in hair TH levels among F-MDD patients, R-MDD patients, and HC...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26293755/perinatal-mental-health-fathers-the-mostly-forgotten-parent
#15
REVIEW
Olivia Wong, Tram Nguyen, Naomi Thomas, Frances Thomson-Salo, Dennis Handrinos, Fiona Judd
INTRODUCTION: The importance of parental mental health as a determinant of infant and child outcomes is increasingly acknowledged. Yet, there is limited information regarding paternal mental health during the perinatal period. The aim of this review is to summarize existing clinical research regarding paternal mental health in the perinatal period in various contexts, and its possible impact on infant development. METHOD: An electronic literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and PubMed databases...
December 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759189/prescribing-patterns-of-psychotropic-medications-and-clinical-features-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-dysthymia-in-china
#16
Yuan Feng, Sha Sha, Chen Hu, Gang Wang, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Chee H Ng, Tian-Mei Si, Da-Fang Chen, Yi-Ru Fang, Zheng Lu, Hai-Chen Yang, Jian Hu, Zhi-Yu Chen, Yi Huang, Jing Sun, Xiao-Ping Wang, Hui-Chun Li, Jin-Bei Zhang, Yu-Tao Xiang
INTRODUCTION: Little has been reported about the demographic and clinical features of major depressive disorder (MDD) with comorbid dysthymia in Chinese patients. This study examined the frequency of comorbid dysthymia in Chinese MDD patients together with the demographic and clinical correlates and prescribing patterns of psychotropic drugs. METHODS: Consecutively collected sample of 1178 patients with MDD were examined in 13 major psychiatric hospitals in China...
October 19, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734592/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-schizophrenia-a-survey-of-randomized-trials
#17
Hongyong Deng, Clive E Adams
OBJECTIVE: To survey the reports of randomized trials of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interventions for schizophrenia and produce a broad overview of this type of research activity in this area. METHOD: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's comprehensive Trials Register (January 2016), selected all relevant randomized trials, and extracted the data within each study. Finally, we sought relevant reviews on the Cochrane Library. RESULTS: We initially screened 423 articles from which we identified 378 relevant studies randomizing 35 341 participants (average study size 94, SD 60)...
October 13, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723245/prevalence-of-probable-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-determination-of-its-relationship-with-everyday-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-by-using-generalized-estimating-equations
#18
Ye Zhang, Jun Zhang, Shenyue Zhu, Changhui Du, Wei Zhang
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the prevalence rates for probable PTSD and used generalized estimating equations to identify risk factors for probable PTSD in children and adolescents exposed to the Lushan earthquake. METHODS: A total of 1623 participants completed 3 assessments, including the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale, at 2 weeks, 3, and 6 months after experiencing the Lushan earthquake. Additionally, demographic variables and variables related to everyday functioning were evaluated at 2 weeks after the earthquake via a self-constructed questionnaire...
October 10, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020720/the-effectiveness-and-safety-of-amisulpride-in-chinese-patients-with-schizophrenia-an-8-week-prospective-open-label-multicenter-single-arm-study
#19
Ying Liang, Changan Cao, Cheng Zhu, Chuanyue Wang, Congpei Zhang, Fang Dong, Fude Yang, Hong Deng, Jingjie Yu, Jisheng Tang, Lei Su, Limin Xin, Ling Hong, Minglong Gao, Muni Tang, Shiping Xie, Shuiping Lu, Tiebang Liu, Xiaojin Xu, Xijin Wang, Xuanzi Li, Xueyi Wang, Yi Li, Yong Zhang, Zhiyu Chen, Xin Yu
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of amisulpride in Chinese schizophrenia patients. METHODS: A multicenter, single-arm Phase IV study (NCT01795183). Chinese patients with schizophrenia received amisulpride for 8 weeks. The primary endpoint was ≥50% decrease in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale total score from Baseline to Week 8. RESULTS: A total of 316 patients were enrolled; 295 were included in the effectiveness analysis; 66...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26615809/psychometric-properties-of-malay-neuropsychiatry-unit-cognitive-assessment-tool-among-alzheimer-s-disease-patients-in-comparison-to-malay-montreal-cognitive-assessment
#20
Kai Shin Thong, Kok Yoon Chee, Chong Guan Ng, Mark Walterfang, Dennis Velakoulis
This study aims to establish psychometric properties of the Malay Neuropsychiatry Unit Cognitive Assessment Tool (Malay NuCOG) in Alzheimer's disease. NuCOG was translated to Malay language and compared with Montreal Cognitive Assessment Tool on 80 individuals. The Malay NuCOG showed good internal consistency and reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.895). It demonstrated 100% sensitivity and 87.5% specificity at the cutoff score of 78.50/100. The Malay NuCOG is a valid and reliable cognitive instrument that is sensitive and specific for the detection of dementia and has clinical advantages in its ability to examine individual cognitive domains...
September 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
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