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Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677341/psychometric-properties-of-the-malay-schizotypal-personality-questionnaire-measurement-invariance-and-latent-mean-comparisons-in-malaysian-adults
#1
David Barron, Kevin D Morgan, Tony Towell, Jas L Jaafar, Viren Swami
INTRODUCTION: The Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) is a widely used self-report measurement instrument for the assessment of schizotypal personality traits. However, the factor structure of the SPQ has been a matter of some debate. As a contribution to this debate, we examined the factor structure of the SPQ in Malaysian adults. METHOD: A total of 382 Malaysian adults completed a Malay translation of the SPQ. Confirmatory factory analysis was used to examine the fit of 3- and 4-factor solutions for the higher-order dimensionality of the SPQ...
July 5, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639321/association-of-the-5-ht2a-receptor-gene-promoter-polymorphism-1438g-a-with-anorexia-nervosa-and-psychopathological-traits-in-the-chinese-han-population-a-preliminary-study
#2
Qing Kang, Jue Chen, Shunying Yu, Aihua Yuan, Yanxia Zhang, Ran Zhang, Wenhui Jiang, Chen Zhang, Haiyin Zhang, Mingdao Zhang, Zeping Xiao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to explore the possible role of the 5-HT2A -1438G/A polymorphism in the susceptibility to anorexia nervosa (AN) in the Chinese Han population. METHODS: The -1438G/A polymorphism of 249 female AN patients, 228 matched healthy controls, and 198 trios was genotyped using SNaP shot assay. Psychopathological traits of eating-disordered behaviors in AN subjects were examined using the Chinese version of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire...
June 22, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636234/association-of-recent-gay-related-stressful-events-and-emotional-distress-with-suicidal-behaviors-over-12%C3%A2-months-in-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Liya Yu, Yanxia Li, Li Liu, Shuang Li, Jun Na, Xiaoxia An, Yan Zhou, Yuan Gu, Xuejuan Bi, Huijuan Mu, Rui Zhang, Wen Dong, Guowei Pan
INTRODUCTION: The study was designed to assess the association of gay-related stressful events (GRSEs) and emotional distress with suicidal behaviors over a 12-month period in Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: A total of 807 MSM were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling method from 4 cities in northeastern China. The GRSEs were measured using the Gay-related Stressful Life Events Scale, depression using the Self-rating Depression Scale, and anxiety using the Self-rating Anxiety Scale...
June 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636217/research-on-potential-biomarker-correlates-for-suicidal-behavior-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Sangha Kim, Kyoung-Uk Lee
Suicide is a world health priority. Studies over the last few decades have revealed the complexity underlying the neurobiological mechanisms of suicide. Researchers have found dysregulations in the serotonergic system, the stress system, neural plasticity, lipid metabolism, and cell signaling pathways in relation to suicidal behaviors. These findings have provided more insight into the final path leading to suicide, at which medical intervention should be applied to prevent the action. However, because these molecular mechanisms have been implicated in both depression and suicide, the specificity of the mechanisms has been obscured...
June 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631372/patient-and-provider-characteristics-related-with-prescribing-of-adhd-medication-nationwide-health-insurance-claims-database-study-in-korea
#5
Inmyung Song, Mo Se Lee, Eui-Kyung Lee, Ju-Young Shin
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between prescribing of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication and the patient's age, gender, and type of medical institution in Asia region. INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the prevalence and factors of diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of ADHD in the pediatric population. METHODS: Using the Korea Health Insurance database, study participants were identified as pediatric patients (≤17 years) with at least 1 diagnosis of ADHD (ICD-10, F90) from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011...
June 20, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628277/twelve-month-use-of-herbal-medicines-as-a-remedy-for-mental-health-problems-in-japan-a-cross-national-analysis-of-world-mental-health-survey-data
#6
Mai Iwanaga, Hiroo Iwanaga, Norito Kawakami
AIM: The purpose of this study was to clarify the frequencies and sociodemographic and other characteristics around use of herbal medicine as a remedy for mental health problems in Japan. METHODS: Data from the World Mental Health Japan (WMHJ) Survey and US National Comorbidity Survey Replications were analyzed. The WMHJ was conducted in 2002 to 2006, with 4129 respondents. National Comorbidity Survey Replications was conducted in 2002 to 2003, with 9282 respondents...
June 19, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585368/psychometric-evaluation-of-a-6-item-chinese-version-of-the-hamilton-depression-rating-scale-mokken-scaling-and-item-analysis
#7
Chin-Pang Lee, Chia-Yih Liu, Ching-I Hung
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the 6-item Melancholia subscale of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D6 ) has better psychometric properties than the parental 17-item version (HAM-D17 ) in the Chinese populations. METHODS: The study was to check the Chinese HAM-D17 and HAM-D6 for reliability and validity with Mokken scale analysis and item analysis. We reanalyzed a clinical sample of adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 214; age, mean (SD) = 38.3 (10...
June 6, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582608/prevalence-and-strong-association-of-high-somatic-symptom-severity-with-depression-and-anxiety-in-a-chinese-inpatient-population
#8
Jian Wang, Wan-Jun Guo, Li-Ling Mo, Shan-Xia Luo, Jian-Ying Yu, Zai-Quan Dong, Yang Liu, Ming-Jin Huang, Yu Wang, Liang Chen, Ning He, Ran Chen, Lan Zhang, Tao Li
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of the high somatic symptom severity (HSSS) and its associations with sociodemographic factors, depression, and anxiety has not been surveyed in inpatient populations at general hospitals. METHODS: A sample including 1329 inpatients in a Chinese general hospital was surveyed using Chinese version of 15-item patient health questionnaire (PHQ-15), 9-item patient health questionnaire, and generalized anxiety disorder 7-item scale. RESULTS: A total of 27...
June 5, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371455/barriers-and-facilitators-for-psychiatrists-in-managing-mental-health-patients-in-hong-kong-impact-of-chinese-culture-and-health-system
#9
Kai Sing Sun, Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Tak Lam Lo
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the barriers and facilitators for psychiatrists in managing mental health patients under a Chinese context and a mixed private-public health system. METHODS: Two focus group interviews were conducted to explore the in-depth opinions of psychiatrists in Hong Kong. The themes identified from the focus groups were investigated in a questionnaire survey with data from 83 psychiatrists working in public and private sectors. RESULTS: No insurance coverage of mental health problems, patients' poor compliance of medication, and stigma of seeing psychiatrists were rated as the top barriers in the survey...
March 28, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326670/validation-of-an-informant-based-cognitive-screening-tool-for-parkinson-disease
#10
Kok-Yoon Chee, Kheng-Yee Ong, Chin-Yeat Mak, Sapini Yacob, Shen-Cheng Yeo, Nathisha Thrichelam, Deepa Darshini Amarnath, Kai-Shin Thong, Chee-Hoong Moey, Thanam Ponusamy, Shanthi Viswanathan, Santhi Puvanarajah
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to establish the psychometric properties of the AD8 Dementia Screening Interview in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) with or without cognitive impairment using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Tool (MoCA) for comparison. METHODS: The AD8 was translated into Malay for Malay-speaking participants. A correlation analysis and a receiver operator characteristic curve were generated to establish the psychometric properties of the AD8 in relation to the MoCA...
March 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147468/the-delaying-effect-of-stigma-on-mental-health-help-seeking-in-sri-lanka
#11
Sunera M Fernando, Frank P Deane, Hamish J McLeod
BACKGROUND: Mental health stigma has been associated with delays in seeking treatment. AIMS: To describe perceived stigma experienced by patients and carers in Sri Lanka and to determine the effects of stigma on help-seeking delay. METHODS: Survey of outpatients and family carers (n = 118 dyads) attending two psychiatric hospitals in Sri Lanka, using the Disclosure and Discrimination subscales of the Stigma Scale. RESULTS: Stigma was positively related to help-seeking delay for carers but not patients...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147467/decreased-blood-urea-nitrogen-reveals-polydipsia-in-a-vegetarian-with-schizophrenia
#12
LETTER
Hsuan-Te Chu, Pei-Shen Ho, Yao-Wen Liu, Chih-Sung Liang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804260/cortisol-and-acth-levels-in-drug-naive-adolescents-with-first-episode-early-onset-schizophrenia
#13
Şeref Şimşek, Salih Gençoğlan, Tuğba Yüksel, Hüseyin Aktaş
The aim of this study was to investigate serum levels of cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone in adolescents with first-episode early onset schizophrenia. A total of 23 adolescent patients, who did not receive prior therapy and who were diagnosed with psychosis according to DSM-IV, were included. Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version, Positive and Negative Symptom Scale, and Clinical Global Impression Scale were conducted with the participants. No significant differences were found between the patients and the control subjects in serum cortisol and adrenocorticotropic hormone levels (P > ...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759189/prescribing-patterns-of-psychotropic-medications-and-clinical-features-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-dysthymia-in-china
#14
Yuan Feng, Sha Sha, Chen Hu, Gang Wang, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Chee H Ng, Tian-Mei Si, Da-Fang Chen, Yi-Ru Fang, Zheng Lu, Hai-Chen Yang, Jian Hu, Zhi-Yu Chen, Yi Huang, Jing Sun, Xiao-Ping Wang, Hui-Chun Li, Jin-Bei Zhang, Yu-Tao Xiang
INTRODUCTION: Little has been reported about the demographic and clinical features of major depressive disorder (MDD) with comorbid dysthymia in Chinese patients. This study examined the frequency of comorbid dysthymia in Chinese MDD patients together with the demographic and clinical correlates and prescribing patterns of psychotropic drugs. METHODS: Consecutively collected sample of 1178 patients with MDD were examined in 13 major psychiatric hospitals in China...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734592/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-schizophrenia-a-survey-of-randomized-trials
#15
REVIEW
Hongyong Deng, Clive E Adams
OBJECTIVE: To survey the reports of randomized trials of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interventions for schizophrenia and produce a broad overview of this type of research activity in this area. METHOD: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's comprehensive Trials Register (January 2016), selected all relevant randomized trials, and extracted the data within each study. Finally, we sought relevant reviews on the Cochrane Library. RESULTS: We initially screened 423 articles from which we identified 378 relevant studies randomizing 35 341 participants (average study size 94, SD 60)...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505724/diagnostic-accuracy-of-japanese-posttraumatic-stress-measures-after-a-complex-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#16
Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Naoko Horikoshi, Seiji Yasumura, Norito Kawakami, Akira Ohtsuru, Hirobumi Mashiko, Masaharu Maeda
BACKGROUND: The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Checklist (PCL) has been widely used among traumatized populations to screen people with PTSD; however, the Japanese version of the PCL has yet to be validated. We examined the diagnostic accuracy of the Japanese version PCL-Specific (PCL-S) and the abbreviated versions of the PCL-S among the evacuees of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. METHODS: Fifty-one participants were recruited from an evacuee and clinical sample...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491493/alcohol-consumption-smoking-and-drug-use-in-pregnancy-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-southern-thailand
#17
Sawitri Assanangkornchai, Darika Saingam, Nualta Apakupakul, J Guy Edwards
INTRODUCTION: Substance use during pregnancy contributes to the risk of adverse health outcomes in mothers and children-in utero and during later development. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of substance use and associated factors in pregnant women receiving antenatal care in public hospitals in Thailand. METHODS: Women (3578) attending 7 antenatal care clinics in Songkhla for the first time during their current pregnancy were interviewed with a structured questionnaire focusing on demographic data, obstetric history, use of alcohol, tobacco, and other substances, and the General Health Questionnaire was administered...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111719/methionine-synthase-2756aa-polymorphism-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-late-life-depression
#18
Ya-Hsu Yang, Chih-Chiang Chiu, Hao-Wei Teng, Chih-Pang Chu, Ching-Jui Chang, Wei-Che Chiu, Chin-Hsin Chen, Mong-Liang Lu, Shen-Ing Liu, Shih-Yi Huang, Hsing-Cheng Liu, I-Wen Sun
BACKGROUNDS: Apolipoprotein E epsilon-4 (APOE ε4) allele, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR C677T), and methionine synthase (MTR A2756G) were tested their associations with cognitive impairment in people with late-life depression (LLD). METHODS: People with LLD were assessed by mini-mental state examination and were examined the distribution of APOE ε4 allele, MTHFR, and MTR polymorphisms. RESULTS: Odds ratio of MTR 2756 AA to MTR 2756 AG and GG genotypes for the risk of cognitive impairment was 5...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26932826/interpersonal-psychological-theory-and-parental-bonding-predict-suicidal-ideation-among-soldiers-in-taiwan
#19
Kai-Cheng Huang, Dong-Sheng Tzeng, Chi-Hung Lin, Wei-Ching Chung
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is an important issue among military personnel, who have higher suicide rates compared with the general population. The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS) might provide an empirical explanation of this phenomenon, and parental bonding influences social adjustment and suicide. To investigate the relevance of IPTS and parental bonding for suicide among Taiwanese soldiers, a case-control study was conducted. METHODS: Using a suicide-reporting system in a teaching general hospital in Southern Taiwan, 226 at-risk maladjusted soldiers and 229 well-adjusted controls were enrolled...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26663807/exploratory-analysis-of-early-treatment-discontinuation-and-clinical-outcomes-of-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sheng Hu Wu, Ke Wang, Yun Chen, Wan Qi Wang, Fan Wang, William Montgomery, Tamas Treuer
INTRODUCTION: This post-hoc analysis was to investigate the impact of treatment discontinuation on clinical outcomes in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Data are from a 12-month, observational, multinational study that included outpatients aged 6-17 years who were diagnosed with ADHD and treated with atomoxetine, methylphenidate, or nootropic agents. Treatment effectiveness and proportions of patients who discontinued treatment were compared between China and the other non-Western countries/regions combined...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
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