Read by QxMD icon Read

Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery

Dimitrios Stasinopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Joong-Bae Seo, Sung-Hyun Yoon, Joon-Yeul Lee, Jun-Kyom Kim, Jae-Sung Yoo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Myung-Sang Moon, Dong-Hyeon Kim, Young-Wan Moon, Sung-Soo Kim, Han-Lim Moon, Sung-Sim Kim
Traumatic absence of the entire radial shaft in children has not been reported though there are a few reports of adult cases. We report a 5-year-old boy with traumatic absence of the entire right radial shaft. The Define's reconstruction procedure was chosen to localize the surgery only to the distal forearm and avoid further additional damage to the forearm muscles. The child's forearm was successfully reconstructed by the authors' modified Define's procedure, which was followed until his maturity. Hand function was well maintained...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Nemandra A Sandiford, Jonathan Ra Phillips, Diane L Back, Andrew D Toms
Catastrophic failure of stemmed components in arthroplasty is an uncommon but a serious complication. Stem fractures and techniques for addressing these have been described following hip arthroplasty but much less so following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We review three cases of catastrophic failure of the stem in rotating hinge revision TKA prostheses. We discuss the possible mechanism of failure and review the current literature addressing this topic. Metaphyseal support needs to be optimized in order to minimize load transfer to the stem and to the junction (and the risk of fracture) if a modular component is used...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Akio Sakamoto, Takeshi Okamoto, Shuichi Matsuda
Unsintered hydroxyapatite (u-HA) and poly-L-lactide (PLLA) composites (u-HA/PLLA) are osteoconductive and biodegradable. Screw (Super-Fixsorb MX30) and plate (Super-Fixsorb MX40 Mesh) systems made of u-HA/PLLA are typically used in small bones in maxillofacial surgeries. After the resection of bone tumors in larger bones, reconstructions with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) implants of strong compression resistance have been reported. After a resection, when the cavity is hemispheric- or concave-shaped, stabilization of the implanted β-TCP block is necessary...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Ju-Eun Kim, Dae-Jung Choi
Lumbar spine fusion has been widely accepted as a treatment for various spinal pathologies, including the degenerative spinal diseases. Transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF) using minimally invasive surgery (MIS-TLIF) is well-known for reducing muscle damage. However, the need to use a tubular retractor during MIS-TLIF may contribute to some limitations of instrument handling, and a great deal of difficulty in confirming contralateral decompression and accurate endplate preparation. Several studies in spinal surgery have reported the use of the unilateral biportal endoscopic spinal surgery (technique for decompression or discectomy)...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Kyu-Cheol Noh, Xiao Ning Liu, Zhong Zhuan, Cheol-Jung Yang, Yong Tae Kim, Geun Woo Lee, Kyung Ho Choi, Kyung-Ok Kim
Background: Leukocyte-poor platelet-rich plasma (LP-PRP) from peripheral blood is currently used as a concentrated source of growth factors to stimulate repair at sites of soft tissue injury. Fibroblasts are primary mediators of wound healing. Thus, we aimed to assess the positive effect of LP-PRP on human fibroblast proliferation in vitro . Methods: LP-PRP was prepared from 49 donors. The fibroblasts were seeded, and at 24 hours after seeding, 1 × 107 /10 µL LP-PRP was added once to each well...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Hyung Suk Kang, Taehun Kim, Sunju Oh, Sekyoung Park, So Hak Chung
Background: Intraosseous lipoma is a very rare lesion that constitutes no more than 0.1% of all bone tumors. We analyzed 21 cases of intraosseous lipoma at a single institution for clinical and radiographic characteristics. Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 21 pathologically confirmed intraosseous lipomas treated in our hospital from 2000 to 2017. Simple X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging findings and medical records were reviewed. Patients' age, sex, and clinical symptoms were investigated...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Ja Young Cho, Sanjay Gupta, Hwan Seong Cho, Min Suk Park, Su Jung Mok, Ilkyu Han, Han-Soo Kim
Background: We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of patients who had been treated with meloxicam for the extra-abdominal desmoid tumors and evaluated the correlation between clinical outcome and clinic pathological variables. Methods: Twenty patients treated with meloxicam were followed up every 3 to 6 months. Meloxicam administration was planned at 15 mg/day orally for 6 months. Results: Of the 20 patients evaluated, according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors criteria, there were five patients with partial response (25...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Seungbum Koo, Sangho Chun, Kyoung Min Lee, Byung Chae Cho, Young-Jun Koo, Dong-Wan Kang, Moon Seok Park
Background: Although pedobarographic measurement is increasingly used for clinical and research purposes, relatively few published studies have investigated normative data. This study examined pedobarographic findings in young healthy adults with regard to sex-related differences and correlations among measurement indices. Methods: Twenty young healthy adults (mean age, 22.4 years; standard deviation, 1.2 years; and 10 males and 10 females) were included. Weight bearing anteroposterior (AP) and lateral foot radiographs were taken, and dynamic pedobarographic data during treadmill walking and maximum ankle dorsiflexion were obtained...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Arun-Kumar Kaliya-Perumal, Senthil-Kumar Ariputhiran-Tamilselvam, Chi-An Luo, Sivaharivelan Thiagarajan, Udhayakumar Selvam, Raj-Prabhakar Sumathi-Edirolimanian
Background: Intervertebral disc herniations lead to subsequent compromise of the nerve root. The root can either have a mere contact with the disc material or be pushed aside or compressed. This was earlier graded by Pfirrmann and colleagues. We intend to revalidate this grading system by performing a reliability analysis among orthopaedic residents. Methods: Fifty axial cut magnetic resonance (MR) images of the affected lumbar disc level that belonged to different patients (age, 37...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Bogun Suh, Jaehyung Eoh, Jihoon Shin
Background: Longus colli calcific tendinitis (LCCT) exhibits characteristic clinical features; thus, misidentification can be avoided once it is learned. There is a lack of reports on this disease. In this study, we analyzed the imaging and clinical features of LCCT in 10 patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the radiolographic findings, laboratory data and clinical features of 10 patients diagnosed with LCCT between January 2015 and June 2017. All patients were treated with medical treatment consisting of intravenous methylprednisolone 125 mg twice and oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug administration...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Choong-Young Kim, Sang-Min Lee, Seong-An Lim, Yong-Soo Choi
Background: Weakness of cervical extensor muscles causes loss of cervical lordosis, which could also cause neck pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of fat infiltration in cervical extensor muscles on cervical lordosis and neck pain. Methods: Fifty-six patients who suffered from neck pain were included in this study. Fat infiltration in cervical extensor muscles was measured at each level of C2-3 and C6-7 using axial magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Jae-Young Beom, Hyoung-Yeon Seo
Background: In patients who need sustained endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation due to respiratory failure after traumatic cervical spinal cord injury, tracheostomy can be performed to reduce the duration of mechanical ventilation and respiratory complications. The purpose of this study was to determine criteria and timing of tracheostomy in patients with severe traumatic cervical spinal cord injury accompanied by motor weakness. Methods: We reviewed 22 patients who underwent tracheostomy (study group) and 27 patients who did not (control group) from January 2005 to March 2016...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Dhong Won Lee, Cheol Hynn Yeom, Du Han Kim, Tae Min Kim, Jin Goo Kim
Background: The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) and identify the factors that affect PFOA development after single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with hamstring autograft. We hypothesized that detecting these factors could be helpful in establishment of a rehabilitation strategy to focus on the modifiable factors. Methods: Of the 324 patients who underwent primary ACL reconstruction between January 2010 and June 2013, 92 patients who were available for follow-up for a minimum of 36 months after the surgery and underwent second-look arthroscopy were enrolled...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Gerrard Gan, Yee Hong Teo, Ernest Beng Kee Kwek
Background: Periprosthetic fractures around a total knee replacement (TKR) can be complex and difficult to manage, requiring the surgical expertise of the trauma and arthroplasty surgeon. There are a number of treatment modalities available, each with their own merits and limitations. As data on tumor prosthesis revision in periprosthetic fractures is sparse, this study aims to evaluate the results of revision using a tumor prosthesis and compare them with those of fixation using a locking plate in periprosthetic fractures after TKR...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Ju-Kwon Park, Jong-Keun Seon, Kyu-Jin Cho, Nam-Hoon Lee, Eun-Kyoo Song
Background: Achieving neutral limb alignment during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has been considered an important determinant in the long-term prosthesis survival. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the immediate postoperative mechanical alignment of the lower limb and the rate of revision TKA by comparing an acceptable mechanical axis group (within ± 3° from neutral alignment) and an outlier group (> 3° deviation from neutral alignment). Methods: Between 2000 and 2006, clinical and radiographic data of 334 primary TKAs were retrospectively reviewed to determine the 10-year Kaplan-Meier survival rate...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Jin Hwan Ahn, Taeg Su Ko, Yong Seuk Lee, Hwa Jae Jeong, Jong Kuen Park
Background: Cortical suspensory femoral fixation is commonly performed for graft fixation to the femur in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using hamstring tendons. The purpose of this study was to compare graft healing in the femoral tunnel, implant-related failure, and clinical results between fixed- and adjustable-length loop devices in outside-in ACL reconstruction. Methods: A total of 109 patients who underwent ACL reconstruction using the outside-in technique from December 2010 to July 2014 were included...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Bao Nt Nguyen, Hironobu Hoshino, Daisuke Togawa, Yukihiro Matsuyama
Background: Bone mineral density (BMD) is the indicator of bone quality in at-risk individuals. Along with the fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX), a quick assessment of BMD from routine radiographs may be useful in the case of lacking X-ray absorptiometry data. This study aimed to investigate the correlation of cortical thickness index (CTI) and canal flare index (CFI) with BMD and FRAX and to evaluate their ability to predict femoral neck BMD (nBMD) and FRAX in the general elderly population...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Jinmyoung Dan, Byung-Kook Kim, Ho-Jae Lee, Tae-Ho Kim, Young-Gun Kim
Background: Treatment of unstable clavicle fractures remains a challenge for orthopedic surgeons, but the evolution of treatment strategies has allowed for reliable results with minimal complications. Although several surgical options exist, open reduction with plating remains the treatment of choice for clavicle fractures. The purpose of this study is to determine an easy way to achieve successful preplating reduction while minimizing surrounding soft tissue damage during treatment of midshaft fractures of the clavicle...
June 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"