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ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces

Ali E Aliev, Sahila Perananthan, John P Ferraris
Thermoacoustic performance of thin freestanding sheets of carbonized poly(acrylonitrile) and polybenzimidazole nanofibers are studied as promising candidates for thermophones. We analyze thermodynamic properties of sheets using transport parameters of single nanofibers and their aligned and randomly electrospun thin film assemblies. The electrical and thermal conductivities, thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and infrared blackbody radiation are investigated to extract the heat exchange coefficient and enhance the energy conversion efficiency...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
J Rodrigo Magana, Yury V Kolen'ko, Francis Leonard Deepak, Conxita Solans, Rekha Goswami Shrestha, Jonathan P Hill, Katsuhiko Ariga, Lok Kumar Shrestha, Carlos Rodriguez-Abreu
Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) with high surface area (820 m2/g) have been successfully prepared by a nanocasting approach using silica nanofibers obtained from chromonic liquid crystals as a template. CNFs with randomly oriented graphitic layers show outstanding electrochemical supercapacitance performance exhibiting a specific capacitance of 327 F/g at a scan rate of 5 mV/s with long life cycling capability. Approximately 95% capacitance retention is observed after 1000 charge-discharge cycles. Furthermore, about 80% of capacitance is retained at higher scan rates (up to 500 mV/s) and current densities (from 1 to 10 A/g)...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hyunwoo Bark, Jeongmin Lee, Ho Sun Lim, Hye Young Koo, Wonmok Lee, Hyunjung Lee
We report a simple method for preparing highly efficient thermoelectric materials through the fabrication of nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide(GO) with a porous structure. The samples were produced by thermal annealing of GO/ nitrogen-rich polystyrene (N-PS) particle composite films using a colloidal templating method. N-PS particles were served as a nitrogen dopant source for the nitrogen-doped thermally reduced graphene oxide (TrGO) as well as sacrificial particles for the porous structure. The S values of the porous TrGO films were negative, indicating that the samples were transformed into n-type materials...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Li Jin, Renjie Huo, Runping Guo, Fei Li, Da-Wei Wang, Ye Tian, Qingyuan Hu, Xiaoyong Wei, Zhanbing He, Yan Yan, Gang Liu
Electrostrictive effect has some advantages over the piezoelectric effect, including temperature-stability and hysteresis-free character. In the present work, we report the diffuse phase transitions and electrostrictive properties in lead-free Fe3+-doped 0.5Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-0.5(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 (BZT-0.5BCT) ferroelectric ceramics. The doping concentration was set from 0.25 mole % to 2 mole % . It is found that by introducing Fe3+ ion into BZT-0.5BCT, the temperature corresponding to permittivity maximum Tm was shifted toward lower temperature monotonically by 37 oC per mole % Fe3+ ion...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuanyuan Zhou, Miao Li, Yijing Guo, Heng Lu, Jinsheng Song, Zhishan Bo, Hua Wang
With the efficient synthesis of the crucial dibenzopyran building block, a series of PDBPTBT polymers containing different alkyl side chains and/or fluorine substitution were designed and synthesized via the microwave assisted Suzuki polycondensation. Quantum chemistry calculations based on density functional theory indicated that different substitutions have significant impacts on the planarity and rigidity of the polymer backbones. Interestingly, the alkyloxy chains of PDBPTBT-4 tend to stay in the same plane with the benzothiadiazole unit, but the others appear to be out of plane...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hyun Deog Yoo, Sang-Don Han, Ryan D Bayliss, Andrew A Gewirth, Bostjan Genorio, Nav Nidhi Rajput, Kristin A Persson, Anthony K Burrell, Jordi Cabana
Hybrid supercapacitors that follow a 'rocking-chair'-type mechanism were developed by coupling divalent metal and activated carbon electrodes in non-aqueous electrolytes. Conventional supercapacitors require large amount of electrolyte to provide a sufficient quantity of ions to the electrodes, due to their Daniell-type mechanism that depletes the ions from the electrolyte whilst charging. The alternative 'rocking-chair'-type mechanism effectively enhances the energy density of supercapacitors by minimizing the necessary amount of electrolyte, because the ion is replenished from the metal anode while it is adsorbed to the cathode...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jie Chen, Hong Liang, Lin Lin, Zhaopei Guo, Pingjie Sun, Meiwan Chen, Huayu Tian, MingXiao Deng, Xuesi Chen
Multifunctional nanoparticles with high gene transfection activity, low cytotoxicity, photoacoustic imaging ability, and photothermal therapeutic properties were prepared by conjugating low-molecular-weight polyethylenimine onto the surfaces of gold nanorods through the formation of stable S-Au bonded conjugates. Results revealed that the gene transfection efficiency of the prepared polyethylenimine-modified gold nanorods (GNRs-PEI1.8k) was higher and their cytotoxicity was less than those of the commercial reagent PEI25k...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Eugene Peter Magennis, Andrew L Hook, Paul Williams, Morgan Russell Alexander
Biomedical devices are indispensable in modern medicine yet offer surfaces that promote bacterial attachment and biofilm formation resulting in chronic healthcare-associated infections. We have developed a simple method to graft acrylates to silicone rubber, polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), a commonly used device material that is often colonized by bacteria. We demonstrate a novel method whereby non-toxic bacteria attachment resistant polymers can be readily grafted-from and grafted-to the surface using thiol-ene chemistry, substantially reducing bacterial colonization...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ecaterina Stela Dragan, Judith Mayr, Marleen Häring, Ana Irina Cocarta, David Diaz Diaz
The aggregation mode of three azo dyes, methyl orange (MO), ponceau SS (PSS) and direct blue 1 (DB1) induced by three 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane (DABCO)-based ionene polymers having different topologies (i.e. 1,2-ionene, 1,3-ionene and 1,4-ionene) was investigated in this work. Metachromatic behavior of the dyes in the presence of ionenes, and the stability of the ionene/dye complex were discussed as a function of ionene structure. It was demonstrated that the association of the dye molecules with the ionenes and the metachromasy were strongly influenced by both the dye structure and the ionene topology...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mehwish Naz, Toby Hallam, Nina C Berner, Niall McEvoy, Riley Gatensby, John B McManus, Zareen Akhter, Georg S Duesberg
We report on 2H-2H'/1T phase conversion of MoS2 and MoSe2 polycrystalline films grown by thermally assisted conversion. The structural conversion of the transition metal dichalcogenides was successfully carried out by organolithium treatment on chip. As a result we obtained a new 2H-2H'/1T co-phase system of the TMDs thin films which was verified by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The conversion was successfully carried to on selected areas yielding a lateral heterostructure between the pristine 2H phase and the 2H'/1T co-phase regions...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ming Ma, Fei Yan, Minghua Yao, Zijun Wei, Dongliang Zhou, Heliang Yao, Hairong Zheng, Hangrong Chen, Jianlin Shi
Entirely differing from the common templating-based multistep strategy in fabricating multifunctional hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs), a facile and template-free synthetic strategy has been established in constructing a unique hollow/mesoporous organosilica nanocapsule concurrently encapsulating both isopentyl acetate (PEA) liquid and superparamagnetic iron oxides inside (denoted as PEA@OSNCs). This novel material exhibits ultrasmall and uniform particle size (~82 nm), high surface area (~534 m2 g-1) and excellent colloidal stability in aqueous solution...
October 24, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Radwan Elzein, Chun-Min Chang, Inna Ponomareva, Wen-Yang Gao, Shengqian Ma, Rudy Schlaf
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) deposited from solution have the potential to form 2-dimensional supramolecular thin films suitable for molecular electronic applications. However, the main challenges lie in achieving selective attachment to the substrate surface, and the integration of organic conductive ligands into the MOF structure to achieve conductivity. The presented results demonstrate that photoemission spectroscopy combined with preparation in a system-attached glovebox can be used to characterize the electronic structure of such systems...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Alexandra R McNeill, Adam R Hyndman, Roger J Reeves, Alison J Downard, Martin Ward Allen
ZnO is a prime candidate for future use in transparent electronics however development of practical materials requires attention to factors including control of its unusual surface band bending and surface reactivity. In this work, we have modified the O polar (000(1)over bar), Zn-polar (0001), and m-plane (10(1)over bar0) surfaces of ZnO with phosphonic acid (PA) derivatives and measured the effect on the surface band bending and surface sensitivity to atmospheric oxygen. Core level and valence band synchrotron X-ray photoemission spectroscopy were used to measure the surface band bending introduced by PA modifiers with substituents of opposite polarity dipole moment: octadecylphosphonic acid (ODPA) and 3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,8,8,8-tridecafluorooctylphosphonic acid (F13OPA)...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Damoon Sohrabi Baba Heidary, Clive A Randall
Both Li2CO3-coated nickel particles and fast firing technique were utilized in the manufacturing of MLCCs. They preserved the conductivity of Ni electrodes and provided the possibility of sintering the devices in oxidizing atmospheres. By using our method, the partial pressure of oxygen increase from 10-10 atm in conventional methods to 10-4 atm. The oxidizing atmosphere reduced the oxygen vacancy concentration as illustrated by the color change of the samples, and the results of EELS (electron energy loss spectroscopy)...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Subhadip Goswami, Lin Ma, Alex B F Martinson, Michael R Wasielewski, Omar K Farha, Joseph T Hupp
Owing to their ability to act as light-harvesting scaffolds, porphyrin-containing metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are in the forefront of research on the application of highly ordered molecular materials to problems in solar-energy conversion. In this work, solvent assisted linker exchange (SALE) is performed on a pillared paddlewheel porphyrin containing MOF thin film to collapse a 3D-framework to a 2D-framework. The change in dimensionality of the framework is confirmed by a decrease in the film thickness, the magnitude of which is in agreement with crystallographic parameters for related bulk materials...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fengjiao Chen, Qishan Zhu, Yeyun Wang, Wei Cui, Xiaodong Su, Yanguang Li
Increasing attention has now been focused on the photoelectrochemical (PEC) hydrogen evolution as a promising route to transform solar energy into chemical fuels. Silicon is one of the most studied PEC electrode materials, but its performance is still limited by its inherent PEC instability and electrochemical inertness toward water splitting. To achieve significant PEC activities, silicon-based photoelectrodes usually have to be coupled with proper cocatalysts, and thus formed semiconductor/cocatalyst interface represents a critical structural parameter in the rational design of efficient PEC devices...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jing Wei, Xiuling Jiao, Ting Wang, Dairong Chen
Ink-free rewritable media has attracted great attention as a potential alternative to current paper prints, owing to its benefits to reducing paper production and consumption for environmental protection. It is desirable to develop rewritable media based on cheap, robust, and fast-response photochromic systems. Herein, we report the design and fabrication of flexible and photorewritable PVP/a-WO3 hybrid membranes through electrospinning, on which images with high resolution can be photoprinted and heat-erased for over 40 cycles...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Guanchao Yin, Min Song, Shengkai Duan, Phillip Manley, Dieter Greiner, Christian A Kaufmann, Martina Schmid
Ultrathin Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGSe) solar cells pose challenges of incomplete absorption and back contact recombination. In this work, we applied the simple collodial nanosphere lithography and fabricated 2D SiO2 nanomeshes (NMs), which simultaneously benefit ultrathin CIGSe solar cells electrically and optically. Electrically, the NMs are capable of passivating the back contact recombination, and increasing the minimum bandgap of absorbers. Optically, the parasitic absorption in Mo as a main optical loss is reduced...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Norihiro Mizoshita, Hiromitsu Tanaka
Antireflection (AR) coating for transparent plastic substrates is constructed by partially embedding mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) onto the surface of the substrates. Simulation of optical properties of polymer substrates coated with a single-particle MSN layer indicates that the surface has a low and graded refractive index in the direction of the thickness and effectively decreases the reflectance of visible light. The MSN-coated surfaces can be prepared by exposure of the MSN-painted substrates to a solvent vapor, irrespective of the shape of the polymer substrates...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Giulia Tuci, Lapo Luconi, Andrea Rossin, Enrico Berretti, Housseinou Ba, Massimo Innocenti, Dmitry Yakhvarov, Stefano Caporali, Cuong Pham-Huu, Giuliano Giambastiani
This paper describes the exohedral N-decoration of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with NH-aziridine groups via [2+1] cycloaddition of a tert-butyl-oxycarbonyl nitrene followed by controlled thermal decomposition of the cyclization product. The chemical grafting with N-containing groups deeply modifies the properties of the starting MWCNTs, generating new surface microenvironments with specific base (Brønsted) and electronic properties. Both these features translate into a highly versatile single-phase heterogeneous catalyst (MW@NAz) with remarkable chemical and electrochemical performance...
October 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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