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International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930622/awareness-of-and-knowledge-about-stis-among-nonmedical-students-in-iran
#1
Mohammad Karamouzian, Armita Shahesmaeili, Razieh Khajehkazemi, Samira Hosseini Hooshyar, Homeira Fallahi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Hamid Sharifi
CONTEXT: Evidence on STI knowledge among Iranian nonmedical university students is limited. Information is needed to inform research and policies to improve the sexual health of university students in Iran. METHODS: A convenience sample of 742 male and female undergraduate and graduate students was recruited from five nonmedical public and private universities in Iran in 2014. Respondents' awareness of and knowledge about STIs were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
July 7, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930624/the-relationship-between-ambivalent-and-indifferent-pregnancy-desires-and-contraceptive-use-among-malawian-women
#2
Sarah Huber, Allahna Esber, Sarah Garver, Venson Banda, Alison Norris
CONTEXT: Pregnancy ambivalence and pregnancy indifference are thought to be associated with nonuse of contraceptives, but their conceptualization and measurement vary, and their relationship to contraceptive use in developing countries is poorly understood. METHODS: Data from the Umoyo wa Thanzi research program in rural Lilongwe, Malawi, were used to classify the pregnancy desires of 592 women aged 15-39 as antinatal, pronatal, ambivalent or indifferent, according to both the women's desire to conceive and their desire to avoid pregnancy...
July 5, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930621/the-incidence-of-menstrual-regulation-procedures-and-abortion-in-bangladesh-2014
#3
Susheela Singh, Altaf Hossain, Isaac Maddow-Zimet, Michael Vlassoff, Hadayeat Ullah Bhuiyan, Meghan Ingerick
CONTEXT: Menstrual regulation (MR) has been part of the Bangladesh family planning program since 1979. However, clandestine abortion remains a serious health problem in Bangladesh, and anecdotal reports indicate that clandestine use of misoprostol has increased since the most recent estimates (for 2010). Because of this, it is important to assess changes in the use of MR services and the incidence of clandestine abortion since 2010. METHODS: A survey of a nationally representative sample of 829 health facilities that provide MR or postabortion care services and a survey of 322 professionals knowledgeable about these services were conducted in 2014...
March 21, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930623/multipartner-fertility-in-nicaragua-complex-family-formation-in-a-low-income-setting
#4
Kammi K Schmeer, Jake Hays
CONTEXT: Multipartner fertility (having children with more than one partner) is an important topic in demographic research, but little is known about its incidence and correlates in low-income settings, where rates may be high because of poverty, union instability and early childbearing. METHODS: Data from the 2011-2012 Encuesta Nicaragüense de Demografía y Salud were used to calculate the prevalence of multipartner fertility among 8,320 mothers and 2,141 fathers with two or more children...
March 3, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825901/improper-use-of-conscientious-objection-to-abortion
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825900/male-involvement-and-accommodation-during-obstetric-emergencies-in-rural-ghana-a-qualitative-analysis
#6
William T Story, Clare Barrington, Corinne Fordham, Sodzi Sodzi-Tettey, Pierre M Barker, Kavita Singh
CONTEXT: Although men potentially play an important role in emergency obstetric care in Sub-Saharan Africa, few studies have examined the ways in which men are involved in such emergencies, the consequences of their involvement or the degree to which health facilities accommodate men. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 39 mothers and fathers in two districts in Northern and Central Ghana who had experienced obstetric emergencies, such as severe birth complications, to obtain narratives about those experiences...
December 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825899/abortion-incidence-and-unintended-pregnancy-in-nepal
#7
Mahesh Puri, Susheela Singh, Aparna Sundaram, Rubina Hussain, Anand Tamang, Marjorie Crowell
CONTEXT: Although abortion has been legal under broad criteria in Nepal since 2002, a significant proportion of women continue to obtain illegal, unsafe abortions, and no national estimates exist of the incidence of safe and unsafe abortions. METHODS: Data were collected in 2014 from a nationally representative sample of 386 facilities that provide legal abortions or postabortion care and a survey of 134 health professionals knowledgeable about abortion service provision...
December 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825898/premarital-births-and-union-formation-in-rural-south-africa
#8
Christie Sennott, Georges Reniers, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Jane Menken
CONTEXT: In rural South Africa, women often delay union formation until they are in their late 20s, though premarital first births are common. METHODS: Longitudinal data from the Agincourt Health and Socio-Demographic Surveillance System in rural South Africa were used to examine the relationship between premarital birth and union entry among 55,158 nonmigrant women aged 10-35 who took part in at least one annual census from 1993 to 2012. Discrete-time event history models were used to determine whether the likelihood of union formation differed between women who had had a premarital first birth and those who had not...
December 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825897/hiv-care-providers-communication-with-patients-about-safer-conception-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-tanzania
#9
Haneefa T Saleem, Pamela J Surkan, Deanna Kerrigan, Caitlin E Kennedy
CONTEXT: People living with HIV may desire children, but often lack information about safer conception and pregnancy and face barriers to obtaining high-quality reproductive health services. To inform clinical guidance that supports HIV-affected couples wanting to conceive, it is important to better understand communication between patients and providers about childbearing and safer-conception guidelines for people living with HIV. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 30 providers of HIV-related services in seven health facilities in Iringa, Tanzania, and with 60 HIV-positive women and men attending study facilities...
December 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649295/counseling-during-maternal-and-infant-health-visits-and-postpartum-contraceptive-use-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#10
Sowmya Rajan, Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, Priya Nanda
CONTEXT: Postpartum family planning is a compelling concern of global significance due to its salience to unplanned pregnancies, and to maternal and infant health in developing countries. Yet, women face the highest level of unmet need for contraception in the year following a birth. A cost-effective way to inform women about their risk of becoming pregnant after the birth of a child is to integrate family planning counseling and services with maternal and infant health services. METHODS: We use recently collected survey data from 2733 women from six cities in Uttar Pradesh, India who had a recent birth (since 2011) to examine the role of exposure to family planning information at maternal and infant health visits on (1) any contraceptive use in the postpartum period, and (2) choice of modern method in the postpartum period...
December 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825906/establishing-a-referral-system-for-safe-and-legal-abortion-care-a-pilot-project-on-the-thailand-burma-border
#11
Angel M Foster, Grady Arnott, Margaret Hobstetter, Htin Zaw, Cynthia Maung, Cari Sietstra, Meredith Walsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825905/the-experience-and-impact-of-contraceptive-stockouts-among-women-providers-and-policymakers-in-two-districts-of-uganda
#12
Kate Grindlay, Eleanor Turyakira, Imelda T Kyamwanga, Adrianne Nickerson, Kelly Blanchard
CONTEXT: Little is known about the impact of contraceptive stockouts on women and health care providers, or how policymakers perceive and handle such stockouts. METHODS: In May-July 2015, a qualitative study on experiences of contraceptive stockouts was conducted in two districts of Uganda. It comprised three data collection components: eight focus groups with 50 women, 24 individual in-depth interviews with family planning service providers and facility managers, and 11 in-depth interviews with district-level policymakers and decision makers...
September 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825904/examining-progress-and-equity-in-information-received-by-women-using-a-modern-method-in-25-developing-countries
#13
Anrudh K Jain
CONTEXT: The information exchanged during a contraceptive visit is important because providers need to understand clients' reproductive intentions and clients need to receive adequate information about methods and possible method-related side effects and problems. Little is known about how information exchange has changed over time and how it might vary across countries or subgroups within a country. METHODS: Demographic and Health Survey data from 25 developing countries were used to calculate the Method Information Index (MII), a Family Planning 2020 indicator that reflects some aspects of contraceptive information exchanged between providers and clients...
September 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825903/changes-in-morbidity-and-abortion-care-in-ethiopia-after-legal-reform-national-results-from-2008-and-2014
#14
Yirgu Gebrehiwot, Tamara Fetters, Hailemichael Gebreselassie, Ann Moore, Mengistu Hailemariam, Yohannes Dibaba, Akinrinola Bankole, Yonas Getachew
CONTEXT: In Ethiopia, liberalization of the abortion law in 2005 led to changes in abortion services. It is important to examine how levels and types of abortion care-i.e., legal abortion and treatment of abortion complications-changed over time. METHODS: Between December 2013 and May 2014, data were collected on symptoms, procedures and treatment from 5,604 women who sought abortion care at a sample of 439 public and private health facilities; the sample did not include lower-level private facilities-some of which provide abortion care-to maintain comparability with the sample from a 2008 study...
September 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825902/the-estimated-incidence-of-induced-abortion-in-ethiopia-2014-changes-in-the-provision-of-services-since-2008
#15
Ann M Moore, Yirgu Gebrehiwot, Tamara Fetters, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Akinrinola Bankole, Susheela Singh, Hailemichael Gebreselassie, Yonas Getachew
CONTEXT: In 2005, Ethiopia's parliament amended the penal code to expand the circumstances in which abortion is legal. Although the country has expanded access to abortion and postabortion care, the last estimates of abortion incidence date from 2008. METHODS: Data were collected in 2014 from a nationally representative sample of 822 facilities that provide abortion or postabortion care, and from 82 key informants knowledgeable about abortion services in Ethiopia...
September 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825910/levels-trends-and-correlates-of-abortion-in-tehran-iran-2009-2014
#16
Amir Erfani
CONTEXT: Accurate, up-to-date information on abortion incidence is lacking for Iran, where abortion is illegal. METHODS: Data from 2,934 currently married women aged 15-49 who completed the 2009 Tehran Survey of Fertility (TSF) and 3,012 such women who completed the 2014 TSF were used to estimate levels of and trends in abortion and related measures. Analyses also examined characteristics of abortions, abortion recipients and providers, as well as trends in women's reasons for having an abortion...
June 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825909/mother-daughter-doctor-medical-professionals-and-mothers-decision-making-about-female-genital-cutting-in-egypt
#17
Sepideh Modrek, Maia Sieverding
CONTEXT: Although female genital cutting (FGC) is illegal in Egypt and rates are declining, medicalization of the practice has increased. However, little is known about why some mothers prefer that FGC be performed by medical professionals or the degree to which such professionals may influence decisions about the practice. METHODS: Data collected in 2014 from a survey of 410 women with young daughters, and from in-depth interviews with 29 of those women, were used to examine the role of consultations with medical professionals in mothers' decisions about FGC...
June 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825908/-the-fetus-is-my-patient-too-attitudes-toward-abortion-and-referral-among-physician-conscientious-objectors-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#18
Lauren R Fink, Kaitlyn K Stanhope, Roger W Rochat, Oscar A Bernal
CONTEXT: In 2006, the Colombian Constitutional Court partially decriminalized abortion. However, barriers to access, including improper use of conscientious objection, remain. METHODS: To explore conscientious objection from the objectors' perspectives, in-depth interviews were conducted in 2014 with 13 key informants and with 15 Colombian physicians who self-identified as conscientious objectors. Recruitment included snowball and purposive sampling techniques.  Analysis was conducted in tandem with data collection and focused on objectors' attitudes, beliefs and behaviors related to abortion and referral...
June 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825907/postpartum-family-planning-during-sociopolitical-transition-findings-from-an-integrated-community-based-program-in-egypt
#19
Chelsea M Cooper, Elaine Charurat, Issam El-Adawi, Young-Mi Kim, Mark R Emerson, Wael Zaki, Anne Schuster
CONTEXT: Limited information exists on postpartum family planning and implementation of integrated reproductive and maternal and child health programs in countries experiencing sociopolitical transition. METHODS: A quasi-experimental evaluation of an integrated reproductive and maternal and child health program implemented in selected sites in Upper and Lower Egypt was conducted between 2012 and 2014. Preintervention and postintervention household surveys were conducted among 12,454 women in intervention sites and nonintervention comparison sites who at survey had a child younger than 24 months...
June 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825914/understanding-early-marriage-and-transactional-sex-in-the-context-of-armed-conflict-protection-at-a-price
#20
Aisha Hutchinson, Philippa Waterhouse, Jane March-McDonald, Sarah Neal, Roger Ingham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2016: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
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