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International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295722/approaches-to-postpartum-family-planning
#1
LETTER
Anne Pfitzer, Clifton Kenon, Holly Blanchard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295721/consistent-laws-and-child-marriage
#2
LETTER
Joar Svanemyr, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871729/how-reliable-are-reports-of-early-adolescent-reproductive-and-sexual-health-events-in-demographic-and-health-surveys
#3
Sarah E Neal, Victoria Hosegood
CONTEXT: Age at sexual debut, age at first marriage or first union and age at first birth are among the most widely used indicators of health and well-being for female adolescents. However, the accuracy of estimates for these indicators, particularly for younger adolescents, is poorly understood. METHODS: For each of nine countries in Africa and Latin America, Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from two surveys conducted five years apart were used to examine women's reports of age at sexual debut, marriage or first union, and first birth...
December 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871728/unmet-need-for-family-planning-in-sri-lanka-low-enough-or-still-an-issue
#4
Deborah S DeGraff, K A P Siddhisena
CONTEXT: Family planning efforts achieved considerable success in Sri Lanka during the late 20th century; however, overall levels and trends may mask relatively high levels of unmet need under certain conditions. METHODS: Data from the 2007 Demographic and Health Survey of Sri Lanka (DHS-SL) were used to estimate unmet need for limiting and spacing births among ever-married women aged 15-49, overall and by key characteristics. Twelve definitions of unmet need of varying stringency were used to assess the sensitivity of results to a variety of measurement issues...
December 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871727/belief-in-family-planning-myths-at-the-individual-and-community-levels-and-modern-contraceptive-use-in-urban-africa
#5
Abdou Gueye, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon, Chinelo C Okigbo
CONTEXT: Negative myths and misconceptions about family planning are a barrier to modern contraceptive use. Most research on the subject has focused on individual beliefs about contraception; however, given that myths spread easily within communities, it is also important to examine how the prevalence of negative myths in a community affects the aggregate level of method use. METHODS: Baseline data collected in 2010-2011 by the Measurement, Learning & Evaluation project on women aged 15-49 living in selected cities in Kenya, Nigeria and Senegal were used...
December 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871726/understanding-the-broader-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-of-female-sex-workers-in-dhaka-bangladesh
#6
Karen R Katz, Misti McDowell, Mackenzie Green, Shamim Jahan, Laura Johnson, Mario Chen
CONTEXT: Little is known about the sexual and reproductive health care needs of female sex workers in Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: Survey data were collected from 354 hotel-based and 323 street-based female sex workers using a venue-based stratified cluster sampling approach. In addition, in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 female sex workers recruited from drop-in centers. We calculated unmet need for family planning and examined fertility desires, use of condoms and other contraceptive methods, experiences with gender-based violence, sexual and reproductive health service needs, and preferences on where to receive services...
December 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871725/the-incidence-of-abortion-in-nigeria
#7
Akinrinola Bankole, Isaac F Adewole, Rubina Hussain, Olutosin Awolude, Susheela Singh, Joshua O Akinyemi
CONTEXT: Because of Nigeria's low contraceptive prevalence, a substantial number of women have unintended pregnancies, many of which are resolved through clandestine abortion, despite the country's restrictive abortion law. Up-to-date estimates of abortion incidence are needed. METHODS: A widely used indirect methodology was used to estimate the incidence of abortion and unintended pregnancy in Nigeria in 2012. Data on provision of abortion and postabortion care were collected from a nationally representative sample of 772 health facilities, and estimates of the likelihood that women who have unsafe abortions experience complications and obtain treatment were collected from 194 health care professionals with a broad understanding of the abortion context in Nigeria...
December 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600569/a-fresh-look-at-the-level-of-unmet-need-for-family-planning-in-the-postpartum-period-its-causes-and-program-implications
#8
John Cleland, Iqbal H Shah, Lenka Benova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600568/contraceptive-dynamics-in-rural-northern-malawi-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#9
Aisha Nandini Zoe Dasgupta, Basia Zaba, Amelia C Crampin
CONTEXT: Increased use of contraceptives in Malawi has not translated into a commensurate reduction in fertility, but the reason is unknown. Insight into contraceptive switching and discontinuation may shed light on this conundrum and on whether the commonly used modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) is the best indicator of family planning program performance. METHODS: A one-year prospective longitudinal data set was created from patient-held family planning cards of 4,678 reproductive-age women living in a demographic surveillance site in rural northern Malawi...
September 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600567/an-assessment-of-family-planning-decision-makers-and-advocates-needs-and-strategies-in-three-east-african-countries
#10
Ellen Smith, Ruth Musila, Violet Murunga, Ramona Godbole
CONTEXT: Despite decades of evidence-based advocacy for family planning in developing countries, research on how decision makers perceive and respond to such efforts is lacking. METHODS: A literature review yielded 10 peer-reviewed journal articles published between 1999 and 2012 on decision makers' needs for and experiences with health advocacy and evidence. Two sets of questions about family planning research and advocacy-one for decision makers and another for advocates-were developed from emerging themes and used in structured interviews with 68 key informants in Ethiopia, Kenya and Malawi...
September 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600566/empowering-women-or-pleasing-men-analyzing-male-views-on-female-condom-use-in-zimbabwe-nigeria-and-cameroon
#11
Winny Koster, Marije Groot Bruinderink, Wendy Janssens
CONTEXT: Usage rates of female condoms are low throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. Programs have traditionally presented female condoms as a means of women's empowerment. However, prevailing gender norms in Sub-Saharan Africa assign sexual decision making to men, suggesting that male acceptance is imperative for increased use. METHODS: In 2011, data on perceptions of and experiences with female condom use were collected from 336 men in Zimbabwe, Nigeria and Cameroon through 37 focus group discussions and six in-depth interviews; participants also completed pre-focus group discussion questionnaires...
September 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26600565/meeting-contraceptive-needs-long-term-associations-of-the-prachar-project-with-married-women-s-awareness-and-behavior-in-bihar
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Shireen J Jejeebhoy, Ravi Prakash, Rajib Acharya, Santosh K Singh, Elkan Daniel
CONTEXT: Although interventions such as the PRACHAR project in Bihar, India, have been associated with increased contraceptive knowledge and use in the short term, less is known about whether such gains are sustained years later. METHODS: Survey data, collected in 2013 from 2,846 married women aged 15-34, were used to compare contraceptive awareness and use between those who lived in areas where the PRACHAR project had been implemented in 2002-2009 and those who lived in matched comparison areas...
September 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26308262/sexual-pleasure-partner-dynamics-and-contraceptive-use-in-malawi
#13
Neetu A John, Stella Babalola, Effie Chipeta
CONTEXT: Despite increases in the use of modern contraceptives, Malawian women have a high unmet need for contraception. Because current understanding of contraceptive use ignores sexual pleasure and partner dynamics, this study explores the links between sexual pleasure seeking, partner dynamics and contraceptive use. METHODS: As part of a larger qualitative study conducted in 2012, 23 focus group discussions among married women and men and 10 in-depth interviews with service providers were conducted with a total of 192 participants in two districts of Malawi...
June 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26308261/dynamic-relationships-between-parental-monitoring-peer-risk-involvement-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-bahamian-mid-adolescents
#14
Bo Wang, Bonita Stanton, Lynette Deveaux, Xiaoming Li, Sonja Lunn
CONTEXT: Considerable research has examined reciprocal relationships between parenting, peers and adolescent problem behavior; however, such studies have largely considered the influence of peers and parents separately. It is important to examine simultaneously the relationships between parental monitoring, peer risk involvement and adolescent sexual risk behavior, and whether increases in peer risk involvement and changes in parental monitoring longitudinally predict adolescent sexual risk behavior...
June 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26308260/is-unwanted-birth-associated-with-child-malnutrition-in-bangladesh
#15
Md Mosfequr Rahman
CONTEXT: The association between unintended pregnancy and maternal and child health has been well documented. However, the relationship of unintended pregnancy with child malnutrition is not well understood, and may be important in countries such as Bangladesh that have high levels of these events. METHODS: Data from the 2011 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey on 6,506 last-born, singleton children younger than five were used to investigate the relationship between pregnancy intendedness and the prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight during early childhood...
June 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26308259/quality-of-care-and-contraceptive-use-in-urban-kenya
#16
Katherine Tumlinson, Brian W Pence, Siân L Curtis, Stephen W Marshall, Ilene S Speizer
CONTEXT: Family planning is highly beneficial to women's overall health, particularly in developing countries. Yet, in much of Sub-Saharan Africa, contraceptive prevalence remains low and unmet need for family planning remains high. It is hypothesized that the poor quality of family planning service provision in many low-income settings is a barrier to contraceptive use, but this hypothesis has not been rigorously tested. METHODS: Survey data from 3,990 women were used to investigate whether family planning service quality was associated with current modern contraceptive use in five cities in Kenya in 2010...
June 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26308258/minimum-marriage-age-laws-and-the-prevalence-of-child-marriage-and-adolescent-birth-evidence-from-sub-saharan-africa
#17
Belinda Maswikwa, Linda Richter, Jay Kaufman, Arijit Nandi
CONTEXT: The relationship of national laws that prohibit child marriage with the prevalence of child marriage and adolescent birth is not well understood. METHODS: Data from Demographic and Health Surveys and from the Child Marriage Database created by the MACHEquity program at McGill University were used to examine the relationship between laws that consistently set the age for marriage for girls at 18 or older and the prevalence of child marriage and teenage childbearing in 12 Sub-Saharan African countries...
June 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25856236/integrating-family-planning-promotion-into-the-work-of-environmental-volunteers-a-population-health-and-environment-initiative-in-kenya
#18
Theresa H Hoke, Caroline Mackenzie, Gwyneth Vance, Brooke Boyer, Eva Canoutas, John Bratt, Agatha Mbulo, Nancy Waceke
Voluntary use of family planning is instrumental to the health and social well-being of women, families and communities.Although contraceptive use in Sub-Saharan Africa is increasing, unmet need for family planning remains high. Even within countries that have achieved increases in contraceptive prevalence, use remains low among some population subgroups. Contraceptive prevalence is generally lower in rural areas than in cities, and is consistently lower among women in the lowest wealth quintile than among those in the highest...
March 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25856235/the-case-for-addressing-gender-and-power-in-sexuality-and-hiv-education-a-comprehensive-review-of-evaluation-studies
#19
REVIEW
Nicole A Haberland
CONTEXT: Curriculum-based sexuality and HIV education is a mainstay of interventions to prevent STIs, HIV and unintended pregnancy among young people. Evidence links traditional gender norms, unequal power in sexual relationships and intimate partner violence with negative sexual and reproductive health outcomes. However, little attention has been paid to analyzing whether addressing gender and power in sexuality education curricula is associated with better outcomes. METHODS: To explore whether the inclusion of content on gender and power matters for program efficacy, electronic and hand searches were conducted to identify rigorous sexuality and HIV education evaluations from developed and developing countries published between 1990 and 2012...
March 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25856234/the-effect-of-access-to-contraceptive-services-on-injectable-use-and-demand-for-family-planning-in-malawi
#20
Martha Priedeman Skiles, Marc Cunningham, Andrew Inglis, Becky Wilkes, Ben Hatch, Ariella Bock, Janine Barden-O'Fallon
CONTEXT: Previous studies have identified positive relationships between geographic proximity to family planning services and contraceptive use, but have not accounted for the effect of contraceptive supply reliability or the diminishing influence of facility access with increasing distance. METHODS: Kernel density estimation was used to geographically link Malawi women's use of injectable contraceptives and demand for birth spacing or limiting, as drawn from the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey, with contraceptive logistics data from family planning service delivery points...
March 2015: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
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