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Journal of Diabetes

Hind Elrayah-Eliadarous, Claes-Göran Östensson, Mohamed Eltom, Pia Johansson, Vibeke Sparring, Rolf Wahlström
AIMS: Diabetes mellitus accounts for 11% of total health expenditures worldwide, and the majority of all persons with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries. This study examined the economic and social impact attributed to diabetes in Sudan by calculating out-of-pocket medical expenditures and the health and social impact of the disease for persons with diabetes (n = 375) and their families, compared to a non-diabetic control group (n = 375), matched for age, sex and residence area...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Ntethelelo Sibiya, Phikelelani Ngubane, Musa Mabandla
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular complications are amongst the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in diabetes mellitus. Despite the beneficial effects of subcutaneous insulin administration, reports suggest that the therapy itself precipitates cardiovascular risks due to the high insulin concentration administered. It is therefore necessary to seek alternative insulin administration routes that may bypass the undesirable effects associated with high plasma insulin concentration. Accordingly, the study investigated the effect of a novel transdermal pectin-insulin patch on selected cardiovascular function markers in diabetes...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Enric Serra-Planas, Eva Aguilera, Laura Castro, Raúl Rodríguez, Isabel Salinas, Anna Lucas, Clara Joaquín, Rocio Puig, Dídac Mauricio, Manel Puig-Domingo
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been proposed as an independent cardiovascular risk factor. This study evaluated the prevalence of NAFLD in a cohort of Type 1 Diabetic (T1D) patients and its potential relationship with subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Cross-sectional study in which 100 T1D patients (39.4 ± 7.8 years, 54% male, all Caucasian, disease duration 21.7 ± 8.6 years, HbA1c 8.1 ± 1.0 % (64.2 ± 7...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Alassaf Abeer, Gharaibeh Lubna, Grant Christina, Punthakee Zubin
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes is a common chronic disease. Poor health outcomes are often noted after transfer to adult health care. It is important to determine the predictors of such outcomes to decrease the morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients followed ≥1year pre-transfer and ≥1 year post-transfer to adult care in a Canadian tertiary diabetes center. Data including demographics, education, comorbidity and pediatric diabetes management-related factors were analyzed as possible independent predictors of adult HbA1c, number of adult diabetes-related hospitalization and clinic visits...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Sonya S Deschênes, Rachel J Burns, Norbert Schmitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Zachary T Bloomgarden, Christian Mende, Daniel Einhorn, Yehuda Handelsman, Principal Investigator
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Abigail E Dove, Payal H Marathe, Helen X Gao, Kelly L Close
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Tomoyuki Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Mingli Hao, Lin Ding, Liping Xuan, Tiange Wang, Mian Li, Zhiyun Zhao, Jieli Lu, Yu Xu, Yuhong Chen, Weiqing Wang, Yufang Bi, Min Xu, Guang Ning
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have associated bisphenol A (BPA) exposure with diabetes and related metabolic disorders such as obesity. Study regarding association of urinary BPA concentrations with central obesity risk is limited. We aimed to prospectively investigate the association of urinary BPA with incident central obesity in a Chinese population aged 40 years and above. METHODS: 888 participants who were not central obese at baseline in 2009 were followed for 4 years in Shanghai, China...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Yu Yi-Hao
Body weight is neither stationary nor changing unidirectionally. It usually oscillates up and down around a set-point. Two types of forces determine the direction of weight changes. Forces that push body weight away from the set-point are defined as non-homeostatic and are governed by multiple mechanisms, including but not limited to hedonic regulation of food intake. Forces that restore the set-point weight are defined as homeostatic, and they operate through the mechanisms that regulate short-term energy balance driven by hunger and satiation and long-term energy balance driven by changes in adiposity...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Diana Sherifali Rn
Diabetes coaching is emerging as an important role in self-management and care. Despite the rapid rise of interest in this role, the conceptualization of coaching, and how to implement and evaluate coaching has not been articulated in the literature. The objective of this review was to synthesize the diabetes coaching literature to: a) identify the components of coaching using a validated framework, including the description of the role of technology used to facilitate coaching; b) describe the implementation and evaluation measures for diabetes coaching; and c) based on the evidence, to propose a diabetes coaching model for future implementation...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Junmei Yin, Andrea Luk, Rebecca Wong, Harriet Chung, Alice Kong, Risa Ozaki, Ronald Ma, Chun-Chung Chow, Wingyee So, Juliana Chan
BACKGROUND: To examine the effects of mailing regular personalized follow-up(FU) reports on metabolic control and hospitalization in patients managed by the Joint Asia Diabetes Evaluation(JADE) Program. METHODS: In 2013, 1200 Chinese patients with diabetes (95.8% type 2 diabetes, mean age:58.3 ± 12.6 years, disease duration:10.1 ± 8.2 years, HbA1c: 7.4 ± 1.4%, 35% insulin-treated) underwent comprehensive assessment(CA) with usual clinic FU visits...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Zachary T Bloomgarden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Payal H Marathe, Helen X Gao, Kelly L Close
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Du Rui, Cheng Di, Lin Lin, Sun Jichao, Peng Kui, Xu Yu, Xu Min, Chen Yuhong, Bi Yufang, Wang Weiqing, Lu Jieli, Ning Guang
BACKGROUND: Rising evidence suggested that serum carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 was associated with abnormal glucose metabolism. However, data on the association between CA 19-9 and metabolic syndrome is limited. In the current study, we aimed to investigate the association between serum CA 19-9 and metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 3641 participants aged 40 years or older from the Songnan community, Baoshan district in Shanghai...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Zhang Lu, Wang Jinjin, Zhang Ming, Wang Guo'an, Shen Yanxia, Wu Dongting, Wang Chongjian, Li Linlin, Ren Yongcheng, Wang Bingyuan, Zhang Hongyan, Yang Xiangyu, Zhao Yang, Han Chengyi, Zhou Junmei, Pang Chao, Yin Lei, Zhao Jingzhi, Luo Xinping, Hu Dongsheng
BACKGROUND: Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) plays an important role in glucose and cholesterol metabolism, so a cohort study was used to evaluate the association of LRP5 variants and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a rural adult Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 7751 subjects ≥18 years old and without T2DM underwent genotyping at baseline; 6326 subjects (81.62%) were followed-up, with 5511 eligible for this analysis...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Yi Shi, Paul M Vanhoutte
Endothelial cells, as well as their major products nitric oxide and prostacyclin, play a key role in the regulation of vascular homeostasis. Diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Diabetes-induced endothelial dysfunction is a critical and initiating factor in the genesis of diabetic vascular complications. The present review focuses on both large blood vessels and the microvasculature. The endothelial dysfunction in diabetic macrovascular complications is characterized by a reduced nitric oxide bioavailability, poorly compensated for by increased production of prostacyclin and/or endothelium-dependent hyperpolarizations, and increased production /action of endothelium-derived vasoconstrictors...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Agustín Ramos-Prol, David Hervás-Marín, Alia GarcÍa-Castell, Juan Francisco Merino-Torres
BACKGROUND: There is discrepancy between the results of different studies about the impact of diabetes mellitus on morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing liver transplantation. The objective of the study was to compare mortality, risk of liver graft rejection and cardiovascular events in patients with and without diabetes undergoing liver transplantation, with a follow-up of 10 years. METHODS: Retrospective study of 183 patients transplanted during the years 2005 and 2006...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
Naglaa Khedr
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (DM) results in neuronal damage caused by increased intracellular glucose. The addition of natural products as complementary therapy can reduce neuronal complications. The main objectives of this study was to determine whether fish oil (FO) and wheat germ oil (WGO) supplementation protect rat brains in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats via estimating lipid peroxidation, inflammatory and anti-oxidant status of brain. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in male Wistar rats by single i...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Diabetes
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