Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Diabetes

Maryam Tabesh, Jonathan E Shaw, Paul Z Zimmet, Stefan Söderberg, Digsu N Koye, Sudhir Kowlessur, Maryam Timol, Noorjehan Joonas, Ameena Sorefan, Praneel Gayan, K George M M Alberti, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Dianna J Magliano
AIMS: To evaluate the association between type 2 diabetes and disability in Mauritius and to assess the extent to which the effect of diabetes is explained by diabetes risk factors and concomitant complications. METHODS: Data from a national survey in the multiethnic nation of Mauritius, which comprises South Asians and African Creoles were analysed. Disability was measured using the Katz activities of daily living (ADL) questionnaire in participants aged >50 years...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Kanta Fujimoto, Yui Shibayama, Eriko Yamaguchi, Sachiko Honjo, Akihiro Hamasaki, Yoshiyuki Hamamoto
BACKGROUND: Glucose excursions and hypoglycemia are associated with cardiovascular complications. However, no studies have evaluated glucose excursions and the frequency of hypoglycemia in patients treated with mitiglinide/voglibose versus glimepiride as add-on to dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor therapy. METHODS: This cross-over trial included 20 patients with type 2 diabetes. After initiating vildagliptin 100 mg, patients were randomly assigned to receive mitiglinide/voglibose 10 mg/0...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Yang Xiao, Xia Li, Chen Chao, Gan Huang, Weili Tang, Shiping Liu, Zhiguo Xie, Zhiguang Zhou
Individual reports have discussed cases of severe insulin resistance (IR) secondary to insulin antibodies (IAs)1, 2 , and several methods of treatment have shown some success3-5 . Here, we reported a 58-year-old Chinese woman of a 14-year history of type 2 diabetes with severe diabetic ketoacidosis by IAs. Informed consent was obtained from the patient.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Qi Chen, Huwen Wang, Yichen Wang, Zezhou Wang, DaiJun Zhao, Yong Cai
BACKGROUND: The utility and maturity of the original Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills (IMB) model have been verified in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients. But little research has clarified whether the model has effect on glycemic control. The main purpose of this study is to modify the IMB model to explore self-management on glycemic control in T2DM patients in Shanghai, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a convenience sampling method between June and August 2015 in three tertiary hospitals and four community health service centers...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Francesca Romana Mancini, Courtney Dow, Aurélie Affret, Kalina Rajaobelina, Laureen Dartois, Beverley Balkau, Fabrice Bonnet, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi
BACKGROUND: Micronutrients play a key role in type 2 diabetes, but methodological difficulties arise from their collinearity and interdependencies with foods. The objective of the present study is to identify micronutrient dietary patterns in the E3N-EPIC cohort and to investigate their association with type 2 diabetes risk. METHODS: Principal component analysis was applied to identify micronutrient patterns among 71 270 women from the E3N-EPIC cohort. Associations between micronutrient patterns and type 2 diabetes risk were quantified by hazards ratios (95% confidence intervals) from Cox proportional hazards regression models, adjusted on potential confounders...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Yanxin Sun, Longfei Zhang, Wenhou Duan, Xin Meng, Chongqi Jia
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown that famine in early life may influence T2D. The majority of studies on this topic have revealed an association between famine exposure in early life and T2D in adulthood. However, several studies on the Great Chinese Famine were not conducted nationwide. Because the severity of the Great Chinese Famine varied in different regions, the results of regional studies were usually limited. METHODS: We included 7262 participants who were born between October 1, 1949, and July 1, 1966 who were participants in baseline data collection for CHARLS in 2011...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Buyun Liu, Yangbo Sun, Linda G Snetselaar, Qi Sun, Quanhe Yang, Zefeng Zhang, Liegang Liu, Frank B Hu, Wei Bao
BACKGROUND: High trans fatty acid (TFA) diet induces insulin resistance in experimental studies in rodent models and primates. However, previous epidemiological studies on the association between trans fatty acids (TFAs), mainly based on self-reported intake from diet, and diabetes have yielded conflicting results. We examined the associations of objectively-measured plasma TFA concentrations with diabetes in a large population-based study among U.S. adults. METHODS: We included 3,801 participants aged 20 years or older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000 and 2009-2010...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Yanbing Zeng, Jielong Wu, Yaofeng Han, Fan Chen, Lele Chen, Shuyu Yang, Ya Fang
BACKGROUND: To examine the combined effect of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and educational attainment on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed among community residents with T2DM. Good glycemic control was defined as hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels below 7% in the most recent measurement. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations of glycemic control with SMBG, educational attainment, and their combined effects by controlling for certain covariates, with further stratification by sex...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Venugopal Vijayakumar, Ramesh Mavathur, A Mooventhan, N K Manjunath
Glycaemic status of patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is widely assessed using glycated haemoglobin (HbA1C). The β-cell-centric model presupposes that all diabetes, including T2DM originates from a common denominator, the abnormal pancreatic-β-cell, and insulin resistance might not necessarily be the primary defect. 1 .
February 13, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Nan Zhang, Xiang Hu, Qiao Zhang, Peng Bai, Miao Cai, Tian Shu Zeng, Jiao-Yue Zhang, Sheng-Hua Tian, Jie Min, Han-Tao Huang, Juan Zheng, Miao-Miao Peng, Meng-Jia Li, Lu-Lu Chen
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia predicts the development and progression of diabetes. A higher non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C):  HDL-C ratio is reportedly associated with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance, but its relationship with glycemic levels and diabetes remains unclear. METHODS: In all, 4882 subjects aged ≥40 years without diabetes and not using lipid-lowering drugs were enrolled in the study. The non-HDL-C:  HDL-C ratio was log10 transformed to achieve normal distribution...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Atsushi Goto, Brian H Chen, Kei-Hang K Chan, Cathy Lee, Sarah C Nelson, Andrew Crenshaw, Ebony Bookman, Karen L Margolis, Michèle M Sale, Maggie C Y Ng, Alexander P Reiner, Simin Liu
BACKGROUND: Sex hormones are implicated in diabetes development. However, whether genetic variations in sex hormone pathways (SHPs) contribute to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk remains to be delineated. We investigated the associations between genetic variations in all candidate genes in SHPs and T2D risk among a cohort of women who participated in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI). METHODS: We comprehensively examined single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located within 30 kb upstream and 30 kb downstream of SHP genes in 8,180 African-American, 3,498 Hispanic-American, and 3,147 European-American women in the WHI...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Lin Xu, Tai Hing Lam
The 2011 United Nations Political Declaration against noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) targeted 4 major risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), MPOWER strategies, and the four-stage model of tobacco epidemic are useful references for the prevention and control of other risk factors and NCDs. Obesity control is a more complex challenge involving two major risk factors: physical inactivity and unhealthy diet...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Fang Fang, Ya-Feng Zhan, Yao-Yao Zhuo, Da-Zhi Yin, Kang-An Li, Yu-Fan Wang
BACKGROUND: The rapid rise in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) among young adults makes it important to understand the brain structural changes at a pre-senile stage. This study is to examine global and regional brain atrophy in middle-aged adults with T2DM, with a specific focus on those without clinical evidence of microvascular complications. METHODS: 66 dementia-free middle-aged subjects (40 T2DM and 26 healthy volunteers (HVs)) were recruited. Patients were grouped according to the presence (T2DM-C, n=20) or absence (T2DM-NC, n=20) of diabetic microvascular complications...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Zachary Bloomgarden
The branched chain amino acids (BCAA) have increasingly been studied as playing a role in diabetes, with the PubMed search string "diabetes AND "branched chain amino acids" showing particular growth in studies of the topic over the past decade (Figure).
January 25, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Ann M Carracher, Payal H Marathe, Kelly L Close
Ann M. Carracher, Payal H. Marathe, and Kelly L. Close are of Close Concerns (, a healthcare information company focused exclusively on diabetes and obesity care. Close Concerns publishes Closer Look, a periodical that brings together news and insights in these areas. Each month, the Journal of Diabetes includes this News feature, in which Carracher, Marathe, and Close review the latest developments relevant to researchers and clinicians.
January 18, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Yingzhi Liang, Li Jiajianghui, Huanbo Xiao, Yan He, Ling Zhang, Yuxiang Yan
BACKGROUND: Many studies have investigated miRNAs in the detection of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Here, the dysregulated direction of stress-related miRNAs that used as biomarkers of T2DM was summarized and analyzed. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, ISI web of science and three Chinese databases were searched for case-control miRNA profiling studies about T2DM. A meta-analysis under a random effect was performed. Subgroup analysis was conducted based on different tissues and species, respectively...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Bingyuan Wang, Ming Zhang, Yu Liu, Xizhuo Sun, Lu Zhang, Chongjian Wang, Li Linlin, Yongcheng Ren, Chengyi Han, Yang Zhao, Junmei Zhou, Chao Pang, Lei Yin, Tianping Feng, Jingzhi Zhao, Dongsheng Hu
BACKGROUND: Inexpensive and easily measurable indexes are needed to predict type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) early in rural areas of China. We aimed to compare triglyceride glucose (TyG), visceral adiposity (VAI), and lipid accumulation product (LAP) along with traditional individual measures and their ratios for predicting T2DM. METHODS: Data for 11,113 people with baseline normal fasting glucose in a rural Chinese cohort were followed for a median of 6.0 years...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Piotr Foltynski, Piotr Ladyzynski, Ewa Pankowska, Karolina Mazurczak
BACKGROUND: Patients using an insulin pump as part of their diabetes treatment need to calculate insulin bolus to compensate for a meal. Some patients do not modify their meal boluses according to the changing amount and composition of food products in a meal. The lack of correct meal boluses leads to unstable, and therefore harmful blood glucose levels. The aim of the current study was to test the system supporting bolus determination based on the voice description of a meal. METHODS: The developed bolus calculator consists of the smartphone application and three remote servers for automatic speech recognition, text analysis, and insulin dosage calculation...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Lin Ding, Yu Xu, Shanshan Liu, Yufang Bi, Yiping Xu
The prevalence of diabetes is increasing markedly worldwide, especially in China. Hemoglobin A1c is an indicator of mean blood glucose concentrations and plays an important role in the assessment of glucose control and cardiovascular risk. In 2010, the American Diabetes Association included HbA1c ≥6.5% into the revised criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes. However, the debate as to whether HbA1c should be used to diagnose diabetes is far from being settled and there are still unanswered questions regarding the cut-off value of HbA1c for diabetes diagnosis in different populations and ethnicities...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Golaleh Asghari, Hossein Farhadnejad, Farshad Teymoori, Parvin Mirmiran, Maryam Tohidi, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) intake and markers of insulin metabolism in adults. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted within the framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study on 1205 subjects, aged ≥20 years, who were followed-up for a mean of 2.3 years. Dietary intake of BCAAs, including valine, leucine, and isoleucine, was determined using a valid and reliable food frequency questionnaire...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"