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Journal of Diabetes

Martin J Kurian, Peter J Rentzepis, Ann M Carracher, Kelly L Close
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Flavia Del Porto, Noemi Cifani, Maria Proietta, Maurizio Taurino
No abstract is available for this article. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 9, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Takuro Okamura, Akane Miki, Yoshitaka Hashimoto, Ayumi Kaji, Ryosuke Sakai, Takafumi Osaka, Masahide Hamaguchi, Masahiro Yamazaki, Michiaki Fukui
PURPOSE: Energy intake is important to maintain muscle mass. The relationship between energy intake and sarcopenia in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes has been unclear. METHODS: We used a brief-type self-administered diet-history questionnaire for the assessment of the habitual food and nutrient intake of patients with type 2 diabetes aged ≥65 years all of whom were Japanese and without physical inactivity who participated in the KAMOGAWA-DM cohort study...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Iren Drange Hjellestad, Eirik Søfteland, Eystein Husebye, Torbjørn Jonung
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and Diabetes mellitus (DM) represent major public health challenges and are tightly associated. To facilitate early diagnosis, HbA1c has been implemented as the preferred diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of type 2 DM. HbA1c , fasting plasma glucose (FPG) value and 2-hour post glucose load values were compared and evaluated to find which test best predicted mortality in patients with PAD. METHODS: A total of 273 PAD patients with unknown glycaemic status admitted to Haukeland University Hospital for elective surgery between October 2006 and September 2007 were included in the study...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Leony M Galliano, Anelita H M Del Vecchio, Juliana Silvani, Cristina Façanha, Fabrício B Del Vecchio
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to investigate physical activity and associated factors in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, involving 2,706 adults of the LINDA-Brasil study, recruited between 2012-2016 in Brazil. A structured questionnaire was applied to assess physical activity. We conducted descriptive and Poisson regression analyses to investigate physical activity and associated factors. RESULTS: Counseling for physical activity practice before the diagnosis of GDM was referred by 47...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Xu Zhang, Di Sun, GuiChun Jiang
BACKGROUND: There is a wide variety of dressings currently available for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), and due to the lack of evidence from head-to-head randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the relative effects of any of these dressings in DFU patients remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of nine dressings in healing DFU. METHODS: MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Xi Jin, Chenghui Zhang, Lina Gong, Huifang Li, Yan Wang, Qin Li, Hong Li
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease, which is the result of autoreactive T lymphocytes attack against pancreatic islet β cells. In recent studies, regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been implicated as being part of the process in T1D. CD39 involved in suppression of inflammation, has been shown to be expressed on Tregs. However, the pathological importance of CD39 to memory Tregs population remains unclear. METHODS: We investigate subsets of Tregs with a focus on resting, effector and memory Tregs, and CD39 expression in Tregs were detected...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Yun Shen, Lizheng Shi, Elizabeth Nauman, Peter T Katzmarzyk, Eboni G Price-Haywood, Ping Yin, Alessandra N Bazzano, Somesh Nigam, Gang Hu
BACKGROUND: Studies on racial differences in diabetic complications are very limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the race and sex differences in diabetic complications between African Americans and whites with type 2 diabetes in Louisiana. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 27,113 African Americans and 40,431 whites with type 2 diabetes who were 35-95 years of age from three health care systems located in South Louisiana. Four major diabetic complications were assessed including coronary heart disease (CHD), heart failure, stroke, and end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Byung Jin Kim, Jeong Gyu Kang, Ji Min Han, Ji Hye Kim, Seung Jae Lee, Dae Chul Seo, Sung Ho Lee, Bum Soo Kim, Jin Ho Kang
BACKGROUND: No study has reported the relationship of cotinine-verified vs. self-reported smoking status with incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study is to determine the effect of urinary cotinine-verified vs. self-reported smoking status on incident metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A total of 47,379 participants without MetS who visited between 2011 and 2012 at baseline were included and followed up at 2014. Median follow-up duration was 25 months...
October 11, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Adriana Rusu, Dana Ciobanu, Cornelia Bala, Anca Cerghizan, Gabriela Roman
BACKGROUND: Social jetlag (SJL) is a small recurrent circadian rhythm disruption and the most frequent form of circadian rhythm misalignment. The main objective of this study was to investigate in real-life settings the effect of SJL on glycemic control, as assessed by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). METHODS: 115 consecutive patients with type 1 diabetes were analyzed cross-sectionally. Data on bedtime, sleep-onset latency, and wake-up time on weekdays and weekends during the previous month were collected from all participants and were used to calculate SJL, chronotype, and sleep duration...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Martin J Kurian, Peter J Rentzepis, Ann M Carracher, Kelly L Close
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Yifei Zhang, Weiqing Wang, Guang Ning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Resham Lal Gurung, M Yiamunaa, Sylvia Liu, Jian-Jun Liu, Si Min Chan, Mei Chung Moh, Keven Ang, Wern Ee Tang, Chee Fang Sum, Tavintharan Subramaniam, Su Chi Lim
BACKGROUND: Obesity and shorter telomeres increase the risk for diabetes complications and mortality. However, the relationship of obesity and telomere length in diverse Asian population with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not well understood. In this study, we examine the association of the baseline and changes in obesity indices, with telomere length in multi-ethnic Asian populations with T2D. METHODS: Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) was measured by qPCR assay in SMART2D cohort (n=1431 at baseline, n= 1039 after 3...
October 3, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Zachary Bloomgarden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Lutz Heinemann, John M Beals, James Malone, James Anderson, Jennie G Jacobson, Vikram Sinha, Sheila M Corrigan
The earliest marketed insulins were crude acidic formulations with concentrations of ≤10 units/mL. Since the early 1920s, insulins have improved continually, via bioengineering, process, and chemical modifications. Today, most insulin formulations have a concentration of 100 units/mL (U100). However, more concentrated insulin formulations (200, 300, and 500 units/mL; U200, U300, and U500, respectively) are also available. There is a tendency to assume that concentrated insulins are similar, both to each other and to their U100 counterparts, but this is not always the case: two concentrated insulins, namely insulin degludec U200 and insulin lispro U200, are bioequivalent to their U100 counterparts, whereas regular human insulin U500 and insulin glargine U300 are not...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Fang Cheng, Xin Yin, Wenhou Duan, Runze Ye, Yakun Zhu, Chongqi Jia
BACKGROUND: Several studies have revealed the curve relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) and blood glucose concentration with conflicting results. The present study aimed to identify the possible curve shape either between SUA and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or between SUA and Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c ) in diabetic and non-diabetic participants. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study of SUA in relation to diabetes and non-diabetes was conducted in 10266 participants...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Jaya Krishnan, Nicolas Rohner
Fish are good for your health - in more ways than you might expect. For one, eating fish is a common dietary recommendation for a healthy diet. But fish have much more to provide than omega-3 fatty acids to your circulatory system. Some fish species now serve as important and innovative model systems for diabetes research providing novel and unique advantages compared to classical research models. Not surprisingly, the largest share of diabetes research in fish occurs in the laboratory workhorse amongst the fishes, the so-called zebrafish (Danio rerio)...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Alexia G Abela, Stephen Fava
BACKGROUND: Environmental factors play an increasingly important role in the aetiology of type 1 diabetes. One geographical feature which exerts a major effect on climate but whose relationship to the incidence of type 1 diabetes has not been studied is distance from the sea. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate any possible relationship between distance from the sea and incidence of type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Spearman correlation between incidence of type 1 diabetes and distance from the sea...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Sang Jun Park, Hee Kyung Yang, Seong Jun Byun, Kyu Hyung Park, Jeong-Min Hwang
BACKGROUND: To define the risk of ischemic stroke among newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients who developed ocular motor cranial nerve (CN) palsies. METHODS: Of the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort database (2002-2013) including a random sample of 1,025,340 Koreans, patients with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) aged ≥ 20 years were included. Among them, we identified the incident of ocular motor CN palsies by diagnostic codes for the third, fourth, and sixth CN palsies...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
Liang Sun, Huaixing Li, Xu Lin
Due to rapid nutrition transitions, the prevalence of cardiometabolic diseases, such as metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases, has been increasing at an alarming rate in the Chinese population. Moreover, Asians, including Chinese, have been hypothesized to have a higher susceptibility to cardiometabolic diseases than Caucasians. Early prediction and prevention are key to controlling this epidemic trend; to this end, the identification of novel biomarkers is critical to reflect environmental exposure, as well as to reveal endogenous metabolic and pathophysiologic mechanisms...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
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