journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877404/benefits-of-well-being-training-in-healthy-older-adults
#1
Alessandra Cantarella, Erika Borella, Cinzia Marigo, Rosanna De Beni
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown that psychological well-being (PWB) can be promoted through positive psychological interventions (PPIs). Although these interventions have shown promising results in clinical settings, only a few studies have investigated their effectiveness in older adults, and they have rarely considered an active control group. In addition, generalisation effects of the PWB training to quality of life (QoL) and to untrained cognitive abilities have never been considered...
September 6, 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857498/self-regulatory-efficacy-encourages-exercise-persistence-despite-arthritis-flare-symptoms
#2
James D Sessford, Lawrence R Brawley, Miranda A Cary, Parminder K Flora, Jocelyn E Blouin, Laura Meade, Shaelyn M Strachan, Nancy C Gyurcsik
BACKGROUND: The study of exercise adherence during an arthritis flare is recommended by arthritis researchers. Studies to date have been correlational. METHODS: Social cognitions of exercising individuals with arthritis who consider exercise adherence under different levels of challenge of an arthritis flare were examined using an experimental design. Exercising individuals with differential self-regulatory efficacy for managing arthritis flare symptoms (SRE-flare) were randomly assigned to conditions where flare symptoms were perceived as either many or few...
August 31, 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707767/if-why-and-when-subjective-well-being-influences-health-and-future-needed-research
#3
Ed Diener, Sarah D Pressman, John Hunter, Desiree Delgadillo-Chase
We review evidence on whether subjective well-being (SWB) can influence health, why it might do so, and what we know about the conditions where this is more or less likely to occur. This review also explores how various methodological approaches inform the study of the connections between subjective well-being and health and longevity outcomes. Our review of this growing literature indicates areas where data are substantial and where much more research is needed. We conclude that SWB can sometimes influence health, and review a number of reasons why it does so...
July 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598025/a-diary-study-of-self-compassion-upward-social-comparisons-and-body-image-related-outcomes
#4
Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Louisa Dodos, Nikos Chatzisarantis, Nikos Ntoumanis
BACKGROUND: Self-compassion may protect individuals experiencing poor body image and associated maladaptive outcomes. The purpose of the study was to examine within-person associations (whilst controlling for between-person differences) between appearance-related self-compassion, appearance-related threats (operationalised as upward appearance comparisons), and body image-related variables, namely, social physique anxiety, drive for thinness, and body dissatisfaction. METHODS: A diary methodology was used whereby young women (n = 126; Mage = 21...
July 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547919/the-role-of-friendship-reciprocity-in-university-freshmen-s-alcohol-consumption
#5
Helge Giese, F Marijn Stok, Britta Renner
BACKGROUND: The similarity of friends in the frequency and quantity of alcohol consumption is explored. METHOD: During their first semester, 57 psychology freshmen indicated weekly drinking frequency and quantity and nominated the three peers of this group they liked most. These nominations were then used to derive the weekly alcohol consumption of friends that either did or did not reciprocate a nomination. RESULTS: Multilevel modeling of weekly variations showed that individuals' drinking frequency was similar to peers who reciprocated a friendship (b = 0...
July 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401663/does-personality-matter-in-diabetes-adherence-exploring-the-pathways-between-neuroticism-and-patient-adherence-in-couples-with-type-2-diabetes
#6
Joshua R Novak, Jared R Anderson, Matthew D Johnson, Nathan R Hardy, Ann Walker, Allison Wilcox, Virginia L Lewis, David C Robbins
BACKGROUND: Personality has received some attention in the Type 2 diabetes literature; however, research has not linked personality and diabetes adherence behaviors (diet and exercise), identified pathways through which they are associated, nor taken into consideration important contextual factors that influence behavior (the patient's partner). METHODS: Dyadic data from 117 married, heterosexual couples in which one member is diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes was used to explore associations between each partner's neuroticism and patient dietary and exercise adherence through the pathways of negative affect, depression symptoms, and couple-level diabetes efficacy (both patient and spouse report of confidence in the patient's ability to adhere to diabetes management regimens)...
July 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393485/can-self-compassion-promote-healthcare-provider-well-being-and-compassionate-care-to-others-results-of-a-systematic-review
#7
Shane Sinclair, Jane Kondejewski, Shelley Raffin-Bouchal, Kathryn M King-Shier, Pavneet Singh
BACKGROUND: This meta-narrative review, conducted according to the RAMESES (Realist And Meta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards) standards, critically examines the construct of self-compassion to determine if it is an accurate target variable to mitigate work-related stress and promote compassionate caregiving in healthcare providers. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Web of Science databases were searched. Studies were coded as referring to: (1) conceptualisation of self-compassion; (2) measures of self-compassion; (3) self-compassion and affect; and (4) self-compassion interventions...
July 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332338/goal-disengagement-well-being-and-goal-achievement-in-romantic-couples-pursuing-health-behavior-change-evidence-from-two-daily-diary-studies
#8
Janina Lüscher, Corina Berli, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND: Withdrawing effort and commitment from important goals (i.e. goal disengagement) has been discussed as an effective aspect of goal adaption. However, studies have focused especially on between-person differences. The present studies aimed to investigate within-person differences in goal disengagement within a dyadic context of romantic couples. Across two different health behaviors, we specifically tested whether goal disengagement would be associated with better well-being, but lower goal achievement in everyday life...
March 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332337/profiles-of-physical-function-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-and-their-associations-with-mental-health-in-residents-of-assisted-living-facilities
#9
Saengryeol Park, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Nikos Ntoumanis, Andreas Stenling, Sally A M Fenton, Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten
BACKGROUND: The current study used latent profile analyses to identify classes of older participants based on physical health, physical function, light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior, and then examined differences in mental health between these classes. METHODS: Eighty-five residents (M = 77.5 years old, SD = 8.2) from assisted living facilities participated. Light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, and sedentary behavior were assessed by accelerometers, physical function was measured using different tasks (mobility, grip strength, and spirometry), and body mass index was calculated...
March 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925435/predicting-the-intention-to-use-condoms-and-actual-condom-use-behaviour-a-three-wave-longitudinal-study-in-ghana
#10
Enoch Teye-Kwadjo, Ashraf Kagee, Hermann Swart
BACKGROUND: Growing cross-sectional research shows that the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) is robust in predicting intentions to use condoms and condom use behaviour. Yet, little is known about the TPB's utility in explaining intentions to use condoms and condom use behaviour over time. METHODS: This study used a longitudinal design and latent variable structural equation modelling to test the longitudinal relationships postulated by the TPB. School-going youths in Ghana provided data on attitudes, subjective norms, perceived control, intentions, and behaviour regarding condom use at three time points, spaced approximately three months apart...
March 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925432/ceos-theory-a-comprehensive-approach-to-understanding-hard-to-maintain-behaviour-change
#11
REVIEW
Ron Borland
This paper provides a brief introduction to CEOS theory, a comprehensive theory for understanding hard to maintain behaviour change. The name CEOS is an acronym for Context, Executive, and Operational Systems theory. Behaviour is theorised to be the result of the moment by moment interaction between internal needs (operational processes) in relation to environmental conditions, and for humans this is augmented by goal-directed, executive action which can transcend immediate contingencies. All behaviour is generated by operational processes...
March 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779370/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-test-the-effectiveness-of-planning-strategies-to-improve-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carine Meslot, Aurélie Gauchet, Martin S Hagger, Nikos Chatzisarantis, Audrey Lehmann, Benoît Allenet
BACKGROUND: Low levels of adherence to medication prescribed to treat and manage chronic disease may lead to maladaptive health outcomes. Theory-based, easy-to-administer interventions that promote patients' effective self-regulation of their medication-taking behaviour are needed if adherence is to be maximised. We tested the effectiveness of an intervention adopting planning techniques to promote medication adherence. METHODS: Outpatients with cardiovascular disease (N = 71) were allocated to either an experimental condition, in which participants were asked to form implementation intentions and coping plans related to their treatment, or to a no-planning control condition, in which participants received no treatment...
March 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758050/too-depleted-to-try-testing-the-process-model-of-ego-depletion-in-the-context-of-unhealthy-snack-consumption
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ashleigh Haynes, Eva Kemps, Robyn Moffitt
BACKGROUND: The process model proposes that the ego depletion effect is due to (a) an increase in motivation toward indulgence, and (b) a decrease in motivation to control behaviour following an initial act of self-control. In contrast, the reflective-impulsive model predicts that ego depletion results in behaviour that is more consistent with desires, and less consistent with motivations, rather than influencing the strength of desires and motivations. The current study sought to test these alternative accounts of the relationships between ego depletion, motivation, desire, and self-control...
November 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27412477/pre-feedback-risk-expectancies-and-reception-of-low-risk-health-feedback-absolute-and-comparative-lack-of-reassurance
#14
Martina Gamp, Britta Renner
BACKGROUND: Personalised health-risk assessment is one of the most common components of health promotion programs. Previous research on responses to health risk feedback has commonly focused on the reception of bad news (high-risk feedback). The reception of low-risk feedback has been comparably neglected since it is assumed that good news is reassuring and readily received. However, field studies suggest mixed responses to low-risk health feedback. Accordingly, we examine whether pre-feedback risk expectancies can mitigate the reassuring effects of good news...
November 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401942/improved-mood-state-and-absence-of-sex-differences-in-response-to-the-stress-of-army-basic-combat-training
#15
Harris R Lieberman, J Philip Karl, James P McClung, Kelly W Williams, Sonya Cable
BACKGROUND: It is reported that women are more susceptible to stress than men but they have not been compared in stressful, real-world, team-centered, occupational/training environments. This study investigated effects of Army Basic Combat Training (BCT), a structured military training program, on the mood of young adult men and women. METHODS: Using the Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaire, 169 soldiers (98 men and 71 women) were assessed prior to starting BCT and after each phase of training...
November 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333950/loving-kindness-meditation-effects-on-well-being-and-altruism-a-mixed-methods-online-rct
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Julieta Galante, Marie-Jet Bekkers, Clive Mitchell, John Gallacher
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that facilitating empathy could improve individuals' well-being. Loving-kindness meditation (LKM) could be a facilitator, and online delivery a cost-effective format. METHODS: We conducted an internet-based randomised controlled trial recruiting 809 adults to test whether an LKM course improves well-being through evoking pleasant emotions, psychological resources, and altruism compared to a light physical exercise course (LE). Participants in both arms followed video-based instructions, completed post-intervention questionnaires, and used online diaries and forums...
November 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297804/self-efficacy-and-planning-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-in-the-context-of-workplace-health-promotion
#17
Jan Keller, Paul Gellert, Nina Knoll, Michael Schneider, Anna Ernsting
BACKGROUND: Fostering self-efficacy and planning in individuals can support the uptake and maintenance of regular physical activity. This study examined self-efficacy and planning as mechanisms of an online-delivered workplace health promotion intervention to enhance employees' physical activity. A special focus lay on reciprocal interrelations among self-efficacy and planning over time, as previous work predominantly accounted for only one predictive direction at a time. METHODS: Data from N = 1,063 employees of a pharmaceutical company who reported an intention to increase their physical activity levels were assessed at three measurement points up to 12 weeks following the intervention...
November 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273685/art-of-living-training-developing-an-intervention-for-students-to-increase-art-of-living
#18
Jessica Lang, Bernhard Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Art-of-living describes a mindful and self-determined way of dealing with one's self and way of life. It is related to measures of well-being. Art-of-living is based on strategies and attitudes which can be learned and therefore can be changed. Two types of training for students to increase art-of-living were developed and tested in two studies to determine the effects on art-of-living measures. METHODS: Study 1 dealt with the initial examination of whether it is possible to enhance the art-of-living by training selected art-of-living strategies...
November 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230935/-you-can-t-always-get-what-you-want-a-novel-research-paradigm-to-explore-the-relationship-between-multiple-intentions-and-behaviours
#19
Falko F Sniehotta, Justin Presseau, Julia Allan, Vera Araújo-Soares
OBJECTIVE: Research investigating cognitive moderators of the intention-behaviour relationship and psychological consequences of failure to enact intentions is usually conducted in a single-behaviour paradigm. A multiple-behaviour paradigm is introduced which overcomes bias inherent to single-behaviour designs and allows testing of novel hypotheses. Two exploratory studies illustrate the utility of this new paradigm by investigating the role of cognitive predictors and psychological correlates of intention-behaviour relationships...
July 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27140673/food-for-thought-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-emotional-freedom-techniques-and-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-food-cravings
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Peta Stapleton, Amy Jean Bannatyne, Keri-Charle Urzi, Brett Porter, Terri Sheldon
Addressing the internal determinants of dysfunctional eating behaviours (e.g. food cravings) in the prevention and treatment of obesity has been increasingly recognised. This study compared Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) for food cravings in adults who were overweight or obese (N = 83) in an 8-week intervention. Outcome data were collected at baseline, post-intervention, and at 6- and 12-months follow-up. Overall, EFT and CBT demonstrated comparable efficacy in reducing food cravings, one's responsiveness to food in the environment (power of food), and dietary restraint, with Cohen's effect size values suggesting moderate to high practical significance for both interventions...
July 2016: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
journal
journal
42320
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"