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Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992747/clarifying-the-associations-between-mindfulness-meditation-and-emotion-daily-high-and-low-arousal-emotions-and-emotional-variability
#1
Dusti R Jones, Jennifer E Graham-Engeland, Joshua M Smyth, Barbara J Lehman
BACKGROUND: Research examining the effects of mindfulness meditation (MM) on emotion seldom considers differences by arousal level or emotion variability. METHODS: In the present study, 115 participants (64% Female, 72% White, Mage = 19.03) were randomly assigned to a brief MM intervention condition (n = 60) or a wait-list control condition (n = 51). Participants in the MM condition were trained in MM and instructed to practice MM daily for one week. All participants provided daily diary reports of both higher- and lower-arousal positive (PE) and negative (NE) emotions...
July 10, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989385/the-value-of-being-discrete-the-differential-and-causal-effects-of-positive-affect-and-discrete-positive-emotions-on-organ-donor-registration-outcomes
#2
Danielle R Blazek, Jason T Siegel
BACKGROUND: The current studies examined how positive affect (i.e. the blend of several positive feelings over time) and discrete positive emotions (i.e. a specific set of momentary thoughts and feelings) influence organ donor registration outcomes. METHODS: In Study 1, participants were randomly assigned to a writing task intended to elicit positive or negative affect. In Study 2, participants received a discrete positively valenced emotion induction (i.e. elevation, humor, hubristic pride), or were in a control condition...
July 10, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989320/the-brief-intervention-effect-of-metaphorical-cognitive-restructuring-on-alleviating-mental-distress-a-randomised-controlled-experiment
#3
Jinghan Hu, Wencai Zhang, Jianxin Zhang, Fei Yu, Xiaoyu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Metaphors may provide clarity or identify hidden similarities between two ideas, and their use in cognitive restructuring can help maximise the effect of therapy information. This study aimed to determine whether metaphorical cognitive restructuring would produce a greater intervention effect in targeted mood and cognition than non-metaphorical restructuring. METHODS: Eighty-eight participants chose 25 problems of interest and wrote a self-report distress problem and were then randomly divided into a metaphorical restructuring group (N = 29), a literal restructuring group (N = 30), or a no restructuring problem restating group (N = 29)...
July 10, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740980/why-and-for-whom-may-coping-planning-have-adverse-effects-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#4
Jennifer Inauen, Andrea Stocker, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND: Coping planning, the formation of plans to overcome behavioral barriers is assumed to promote health behavior maintenance, but the literature on this is inconsistent. In this study, we aimed to investigate the mechanisms of a coping planning intervention that adversely affected maintained safe water consumption. We also explored perceived behavioral difficulty as a potential moderator of coping planning interventions. METHODS: In the second phase of a cluster-randomised trial, households (N = 177 analyzed) were randomly allocated to a coping planning intervention or a comparison group (repetition of interventions from first intervention phase)...
May 9, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740963/long-term-health-implications-of-students-friendship-formation-during-the-transition-to-university
#5
Patrick Klaiber, Ashley V Whillans, Frances S Chen
BACKGROUND: The transition to university is a major life change wherein young adults' primary support system shifts from the family to peers. Can change in social integration (operationalised as number of friends) during the first term at university contribute to students' health years later, and if so, how? METHODS: The friendship formation of 67 students at a large Canadian university was assessed during their first term. These data were used to predict self-reported health and health behaviors (physical exercise, diet, tobacco, alcohol and marijuana consumption) at a follow-up assessment that occurred near the end of their time at university (2 or 3 years later)...
May 9, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722135/stopping-the-train-of-thought-a-pilot-study-using-an-ecological-momentary-intervention-with-twice-daily-exposure-to-natural-versus-urban-scenes-to-lower-stress-and-rumination
#6
Femke Beute, Yvonne A W de Kort
BACKGROUND: Stress, and specifically perseverative cognition, is considered to have considerable detrimental effects on mental and physical health. Interventions that can offer temporary stress relief could, therefore, bring considerable health benefits. Previous research has pointed to stress-reducing effects of exposure to nature after acute stressors, but has not yet investigated effects in the realm of everyday life. The present pilot study explores whether an ecological momentary intervention using exposure to natural images could be effective in lowering stress and improve mood...
May 3, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856139/experiences-of-reframing-during-self-directed-weight-loss-and-weight-loss-maintenance-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#7
Jamie Hartmann-Boyce, Rebecca Nourse, Anne-Marie Boylan, Susan A Jebb, Paul Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Reframing means changing the way that a person thinks or feels about a weight loss attempt or weight loss maintenance to enhance its experience or facilitate its success. Although participants have described this, it has not been explored in the academic literature. Here, we set out to systematically review qualitative studies to examine the ways in which people use and experience reframing in self-directed weight loss. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched to January 2017 for qualitative studies of adults with overweight or obesity attempting to lose weight or maintain weight loss through self-directed behavior change...
July 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673093/mechanisms-of-change-in-the-relationship-between-self-compassion-emotion-regulation-and-mental-health-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Elisa Inwood, Madeleine Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that self-compassion may improve mental health by promoting emotion regulation (Berking & Whitley, ). This review aimed to identify studies which investigated the relationship between self-compassion, emotion regulation, and mental health in order to examine the role of emotional regulation as a mechanism of change. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PsycINFO, CINAHL, Medline complete, Web of Science and Scopus databases. Inclusion criteria required publications to be: peer reviewed, published in English, contain validated measures of self-compassion and emotion regulation, and report a direct analysis on the relationship between these constructs...
April 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673088/is-perceived-growth-associated-with-momentary-indicators-of-health-and-well-being-in-people-with-asthma-or-rheumatoid-arthritis
#9
Dusti R Jones, Jillian A Johnson, Jennifer E Graham-Engeland, Crystal L Park, Joshua M Smyth
BACKGROUND: Perceived growth (PG) refers to perceptions of positive changes that unfold over time after experiencing trauma. Higher PG is often associated with positive long-term health, but the processes through which PG may influence health are unclear. The present study examines two potential pathways among individuals living with asthma or RA: (1) by promoting momentary indicators of health and well-being in everyday life, and (2) by buffering against stress. METHOD: In a micro-longitudinal design, 128 participants with asthma (n = 97) or rheumatoid arthritis (n = 31) reported perceived growth using the Post-Traumatic Growth (PTG) Inventory and subsequently completed ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) for one week...
April 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671957/comparing-types-of-financial-incentives-to-promote-walking-an-experimental-test
#10
Rachel J Burns, Alexander J Rothman
BACKGROUND: Offering people financial incentives to increase their physical activity is an increasingly prevalent intervention strategy. However, little is known about the relative effectiveness of different types of incentives. This study tested whether incentives based on specified reinforcement types and schedules differentially affected the likelihood of meeting a walking goal and explored if observed behavioural changes may have been attributable to the perceived value of the incentive...
April 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624872/greater-university-identification-but-not-greater-contact-leads-to-more-life-satisfaction-evidence-from-a-spanish-longitudinal-study
#11
Juliet R H Wakefield, Fabio Sani, Marina Herrera
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature has highlighted the relationship between group identification (a subjective sense of belonging to one's social group, coupled with a subjective sense of commonality with the group's members) and well-being. However, little of this work is longitudinal, and few studies address reciprocal causality or control for intensity of contact with fellow group members. METHOD: We investigated the effect of university identification on satisfaction with life (SWL) over time (and vice versa) in 216 Spanish undergraduates, with seven months between T1 and T2...
April 6, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498237/the-africa-yoga-project-and-well-being-a-concept-map-of-students-perceptions
#12
Carla A Giambrone, Catherine P Cook-Cottone, Jessalyn E Klein
BACKGROUND: Concept mapping methodology was used to explore the perceived impact of practicing yoga with the Africa Yoga Project (AYP)-an organisation created to increase health and well-being by providing community-based yoga classes throughout Kenya. AYP's mission fit with theoretical models of well-being is discussed. Anecdotal evidence and initial qualitative research suggested the AYP meaningfully impacted adult students. METHODS: Of the hundreds of AYP's adult students, 56 and 82 students participated in Phases I and II, respectively...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498236/measuring-thriving-across-nations-examining-the-measurement-equivalence-of-the-comprehensive-inventory-of-thriving-cit-and-the-brief-inventory-of-thriving-bit
#13
Christopher W Wiese, Louis Tay, Rong Su, Ed Diener
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological health is a multifaceted construct and fundamental to individuals' overall mental health. Yet, measures of positive psychological health tend to focus on only a few of these facets. Su, Tay, and Diener () sought to address this by creating the Comprehensive and Brief Inventories of Thriving (CIT/BIT), integrative measures of well-being that assess positive psychological health broadly. METHOD: Given growing interest in cross-national comparisons in positive psychological health, the present study expands on this work by examining the measurement invariance of these two measures across 10 countries (N = 3,077)...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479829/positive-emotion-infusions-can-savoring-increase-help-seeking-intentions-among-people-with-depression
#14
Tasha Straszewski, Jason T Siegel
BACKGROUND: The current research effort used two experimental studies to assess whether a savoring-based, positive emotion infusion (PEI) could increase help-seeking intentions among individuals with elevated depressive symptomatology and whether this relationship would be mediated by positive emotion, arousal, and perceptions of personal control. METHODS: In Study 1, participants with elevated depressive symptomatology, recruited from Amazon's Mechanical Turk (N = 135), were randomly assigned to complete a 6-minute savoring or control writing task followed by a help-seeking intentions scale...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457369/internet-searches-for-affect-related-terms-an-indicator-of-subjective-well-being-and-predictor-of-health-outcomes-across-us-states-and-metro-areas
#15
Michael T Ford, Andrew T Jebb, Louis Tay, Ed Diener
BACKGROUND: The present study explored the potential for internet search data to serve as indicators of subjective well-being (SWB) and predictors of health at the state and metro area levels. We propose that searches for positive and negative affect-related terms represent information-seeking behavior of individuals who are experiencing emotions and seeking information about them. METHOD: Data on the frequency of Google searches for 15 affect terms were collected from Google's Trends website (trends...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446541/group-based-diet-and-physical-activity-weight-loss-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#16
Aleksandra J Borek, Charles Abraham, Colin J Greaves, Mark Tarrant
BACKGROUND: Many weight-loss interventions are delivered in groups but evidence on their effectiveness, and characteristics associated with effectiveness, is limited. We synthesised evidence on (1) design and delivery of group-based weight-loss interventions; (2) effectiveness; and (3) associations between intervention characteristics, change techniques, and effectiveness. METHODS: Five online databases were searched to May 2017 for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of group-based diet and/or physical activity interventions for overweight/obese adults (BMI ≥ 25)...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446250/how-do-small-groups-promote-behaviour-change-an-integrative-conceptual-review-of-explanatory-mechanisms
#17
Aleksandra J Borek, Charles Abraham
BACKGROUND: Small groups are used to promote health, well-being, and personal change by altering members' perceptions, beliefs, expectations, and behaviour patterns. An extensive cross-disciplinary literature has articulated and tested theories explaining how such groups develop, function, and facilitate change. Yet these theoretical understandings are rarely applied in the development, description, and evaluation of health-promotion, group-based, behaviour-change interventions. METHODS: Medline database, library catalogues, search engines, specific journals and reference lists were searched for relevant texts...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265597/perceiving-cardiac-rehabilitation-staff-as-mainly-responsible-for-exercise-a-dilemma-for-future-self-management
#18
Parminder K Flora, Casey J McMahon, Sean R Locke, Lawrence R Brawley
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) exercise therapy facilitates patient recovery and better health following a cardiovascular event. However, post-CR adherence to self-managed (SM)-exercise is suboptimal. Part of this problem may be participants' view of CR staff as mainly responsible for help and program structure. Does post-CR exercise adherence for those perceiving high CR staff responsibility suffer as a consequence? METHODS: Participants in this prospective, observational study were followed over 12 weeks of CR and one month afterward...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205909/standing-up-for-student-health-an-application-of-the-health-action-process-approach-for-reducing-student-sedentary-behavior-randomised-control-pilot-trial
#19
Wuyou Sui, Harry Prapavessis
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) has been associated with chronic diseases. University students are a high-risk population for excessive SB. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if a Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) based intervention, specifically action and coping planning, would increase student break frequency and decrease duration. METHODS: Fifty-two university students (14 men, mean age 23.5) were randomised into an 8-week HAPA-treatment (sedentary behavior) or HAPA-control (nutrition) group...
March 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171197/socioeconomic-context-as-a-moderator-in-the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-depression-in-europe
#20
Javier Alvarez-Galvez, Diego Gomez-Baya
BACKGROUND: Obesity and depression are two major health issues in contemporary societies. This study aims to address two fundamental questions: (1) what is the impact of macro-level adverse socioeconomic circumstances on depression? and (2) how do macro-level variations in the socioeconomic context affect the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and depression? METHODS: Data from the 7th round of the European Social Survey were used, collected from a sample size of 37,623 participants and aggregated around a total of 20 countries...
November 2017: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
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