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Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30426704/consistency-and-balancing-in-everyday-health-behaviour-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-approach
#1
Simone Dohle, Wilhelm Hofmann
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the sequential interplay of different health behaviours. Health behaviours may be connected in four different ways: a healthy behaviour may lead to a subsequent healthy or unhealthy behaviour (positive consistency and licensing, respectively), or an unhealthy behaviour may lead to a subsequent unhealthy or healthy behaviour (negative consistency and cleansing, respectively). In this study, these four possible types of sequential health behaviours were examined jointly in people's daily life...
November 13, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358160/physicians-interactions-with-peers-empathic-accuracy-during-shift-handovers-on-intensive-care-units
#2
Petra L Klumb, Chantal Wicki, Antje Rauers
BACKGROUND: We investigated how accurately physicians judge colleagues' states during shift handovers on intensive-care units, the role of physician characteristics, and how accuracy is related to handover partners' satisfaction. METHODS: Using mobile phones, we assessed momentary judgements during N = 272 shift handovers by 36 physicians of five Swiss clinics. Physicians rated their own and their partner's affective states. We calculated the covariation of the perceiver's judgements of the partner's affect with the partner's self-reported affect and the perceiver's own self-reported affect...
October 25, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345730/stress-depressive-symptoms-and-maternal-self-efficacy-in-first-time-mothers-modelling-and-predicting-change-across-the-first-six-months-of-motherhood
#3
Kwok Hong Law, James Dimmock, Kym J Guelfi, Thinh Nguyen, Daniel Gucciardi, Ben Jackson
BACKGROUND: First-time mothers commonly experience stress and depressive symptoms in the postpartum period. Maternal self-efficacy has been shown to be an important protective factor against these experiences; however, research on the dynamic nature of stress, depressive symptoms, and maternal self-efficacy is limited. The aim of this study was to document changes in these psychological factors among first-time mothers, and determine how early maternal self-efficacy perceptions may predict change in stress and depressive symptoms over the first 6 months postpartum...
October 21, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30338645/the-influence-of-metacognitive-beliefs-on-sleeping-difficulties-in-older-adults
#4
Enrico Sella, Nicola Cellini, Laura Miola, Michela Sarlo, Erika Borella
BACKGROUND: Sleep has a crucial role in physical and mental health across the lifespan. In addition to an excessive intrusive sleep-related cognitive activity, another factor that may influence sleep quality in old age is sleep-related metacognitive activity, such as metacognitive beliefs about sleeping difficulties, and night-time thought control strategies. Here, we aimed to assess the relationship between sleep-related metacognitive beliefs, thought control strategies, excessive intrusive cognitive activities, such as dysfunctional beliefs about sleep, or objective and/or perceived sleep disruptions in elderly people...
October 18, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30302915/the-impact-of-autonomy-framed-and-control-framed-implementation-intentions-on-snacking-behaviour-the-moderating-effect-of-eating-self-efficacy
#5
Susan Churchill, Louisa Pavey, Paul Sparks
BACKGROUND: Autonomy-supportive implementation intention exercises have been shown to facilitate goal-directed behaviour (Koestner et al., ). The current study explored whether eating self-efficacy moderated the impact of autonomy-framed versus control-framed implementation intentions to reduce high-calorie snack intake. METHODS: The study employed a randomised prospective design, involving two waves of data collection conducted in 2016. At Time 1, UK participants (N = 300) completed an online questionnaire which asked them to report their snacking behaviour over the previous 7 days...
October 9, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30288964/facing-multiple-barriers-to-exercise-does-stronger-efficacy-help-individuals-with-arthritis
#6
James D Sessford, Lawrence R Brawley, Miranda A Cary, Parminder K Flora, Jocelyn E Blouin, Shaelyn M Strachan, Nancy C Gyurcsik
BACKGROUND: Research about exercise adherence amongst adults with arthritis has been largely correlational, and theoretically based causal studies are needed. We used an experimental design to test the social cognitive theory premise that high self-efficacy helps to overcome challenging barriers to action. METHODS: Exercising individuals (N = 86; female = 78%; M age = 53; BMI = 27) with differential self-regulatory efficacy for managing salient, non-disease barriers were randomly assigned to many or few barrier conditions...
October 5, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30288920/gender-specific-body-areas-satisfaction-and-body-weight-status-in-adolescents-mediating-effects-of-physical-activity-fruit-and-vegetable-intake-and-energy-dense-food-intake
#7
Karolina Zarychta, Carina K Y Chan, Magdalena Kruk, Aleksandra Luszczynska
BACKGROUND: Body satisfaction is one of the key modifiable cognitive determinants of eating behaviours, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI). As the sociocultural models suggest, low body satisfaction may explain unhealthy eating and exercise behaviours. Importantly, body satisfaction levels and body areas that individuals focus on vary across genders. This study aims at investigating links between the global index of body areas satisfaction (BAS), gender-specific BAS, fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake, energy-dense foods intake, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and BMI...
October 5, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230691/promoting-youth-mental-health-via-text-messages-a-new-zealand-feasibility-study
#8
Emily R Arps, Myron D Friesen, Nickola C Overall
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research has documented the positive effects of gratitude programs on participants' mental health and well-being. For children and adolescents, these programs typically rely on school-based group designs tied with a health curriculum, whereas innovative technology-based programs are relatively understudied. METHODS: This experiment investigated the feasibility and efficacy of a gratitude text-messaging program for promoting adolescent mental health relative to a positive reflective control condition...
September 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230683/clustering-of-lifestyle-risk-factors-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-prevalence-and-change-after-the-first-event
#9
Dario Monzani, Marco D'Addario, Francesco Fattirolli, Cristina Giannattasio, Andrea Greco, Francesco Quarenghi, Patrizia Steca
BACKGROUND: Healthy lifestyles are modifiable risk factors for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) onset and recurrence. While unhealthy lifestyles tend to cluster together within the general healthy population, little is known about the prevalence and clustering of these behaviours in people with ACS before and after the first acute event. The aim of this study was to identify lifestyle profiles of patients with ACS and to explore their change after their first coronary event. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-six patients completed self-report measures of healthy habits at the beginning of cardiac rehabilitation and 6 months later...
September 19, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30260593/loneliness-and-self-esteem-in-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-parental-hiv-a-3-year-longitudinal-study
#10
Hongfei Du, Xiaoming Li, Peilian Chi, Shenran Zhao, Junfeng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Sociometer theory posits that self-esteem is a subjective monitor of the quality of one's interpersonal relationships. When people feel excluded by others, they may have negative relational evaluation about themselves-low self-esteem. In the present study, we hypothesised and tested that feelings of loneliness among children and adolescents affected by parental HIV would decrease their self-esteem over time; moreover, low self-esteem would intensify feelings of loneliness...
September 9, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198101/self-control-plan-quality-and-digital-delivery-of-action-planning-for-condom-and-contraceptive-pill-use-of-14-24-year-olds-findings-from-a-clinic-based-online-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Katherine E Brown, Kerrie Beasley, Satyajit Das
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent use of the contraceptive pill and condoms contributes significantly to poor sexual health outcomes for young people. There is evidence that action planning interventions may improve pill and condom use, but this approach is not systematically used in sexual healthcare. This study is the first to assess acceptability and feasibility of evaluating a digital intervention to support action plan formation for three sexual health behaviours with clinic attendees. It also considered the role of trait self-control and whether the intervention supported production of quality plans...
September 9, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188013/a-mindfulness-based-intervention-differential-effects-on-affective-and-processual-evolution
#12
Pascal Antoine, Anne Congard, Eva Andreotti, Bruno Dauvier, Johan Illy, Rollon Poinsot
OBJECTIVES: A 20-minutes-a-day, self-help, mindfulness-based intervention was conducted for 6 weeks with a French community sample. First, the intervention effects on affective and functioning variables were evaluated. Then, a differential approach was used to examine improvement potentiality and the perceived benefits of mindfulness according to the participants' baseline mindfulness competencies. METHOD: Participants were non-randomly assigned to a control group on the waiting list (n = 44) or a mindfulness group (n = 47)...
September 6, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027650/physical-activity-well-being-and-the-basic-psychological-needs-adopting-the-sdt-model-of-eudaimonia-in-a-post-cardiac-rehabilitation-sample
#13
Chelsey Saunders, Veronika Huta, Shane N Sweet
BACKGROUND: The theoretical conceptualisation of hedonic (HWB; pleasure) and eudaimonic (EWB; meaning) well-being has rarely been examined among cardiac rehabilitation (CR) graduates, including its relationship with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). First, this study examined the potential bidirectional relationship between MVPA and HWB/EWB. Second, this study tested the self-determination theory (SDT) model of eudaimonia where MVPA was set to predict the model's pathway between eudaimonic motives (seeking meaning), the basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness), and both types of well-being...
July 20, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992747/clarifying-the-associations-between-mindfulness-meditation-and-emotion-daily-high-and-low-arousal-emotions-and-emotional-variability
#14
Dusti R Jones, Jennifer E Graham-Engeland, Joshua M Smyth, Barbara J Lehman
BACKGROUND: Research examining the effects of mindfulness meditation (MM) on emotion seldom considers differences by arousal level or emotion variability. METHODS: In the present study, 115 participants (64% Female, 72% White, Mage = 19.03) were randomly assigned to a brief MM intervention condition (n = 60) or a wait-list control condition (n = 51). Participants in the MM condition were trained in MM and instructed to practice MM daily for one week. All participants provided daily diary reports of both higher- and lower-arousal positive (PE) and negative (NE) emotions...
July 10, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989385/the-value-of-being-discrete-the-differential-and-causal-effects-of-positive-affect-and-discrete-positive-emotions-on-organ-donor-registration-outcomes
#15
Danielle R Blazek, Jason T Siegel
BACKGROUND: The current studies examined how positive affect (i.e. the blend of several positive feelings over time) and discrete positive emotions (i.e. a specific set of momentary thoughts and feelings) influence organ donor registration outcomes. METHODS: In Study 1, participants were randomly assigned to a writing task intended to elicit positive or negative affect. In Study 2, participants received a discrete positively valenced emotion induction (i.e. elevation, humor, hubristic pride), or were in a control condition...
July 10, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989320/the-brief-intervention-effect-of-metaphorical-cognitive-restructuring-on-alleviating-mental-distress-a-randomised-controlled-experiment
#16
Jinghan Hu, Wencai Zhang, Jianxin Zhang, Fei Yu, Xiaoyu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Metaphors may provide clarity or identify hidden similarities between two ideas, and their use in cognitive restructuring can help maximise the effect of therapy information. This study aimed to determine whether metaphorical cognitive restructuring would produce a greater intervention effect in targeted mood and cognition than non-metaphorical restructuring. METHODS: Eighty-eight participants chose 25 problems of interest and wrote a self-report distress problem and were then randomly divided into a metaphorical restructuring group (N = 29), a literal restructuring group (N = 30), or a no restructuring problem restating group (N = 29)...
July 10, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856139/experiences-of-reframing-during-self-directed-weight-loss-and-weight-loss-maintenance-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#17
Jamie Hartmann-Boyce, Rebecca Nourse, Anne-Marie Boylan, Susan A Jebb, Paul Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Reframing means changing the way that a person thinks or feels about a weight loss attempt or weight loss maintenance to enhance its experience or facilitate its success. Although participants have described this, it has not been explored in the academic literature. Here, we set out to systematically review qualitative studies to examine the ways in which people use and experience reframing in self-directed weight loss. METHODS: Seven electronic databases were searched to January 2017 for qualitative studies of adults with overweight or obesity attempting to lose weight or maintain weight loss through self-directed behavior change...
July 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740980/why-and-for-whom-may-coping-planning-have-adverse-effects-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#18
Jennifer Inauen, Andrea Stocker, Urte Scholz
BACKGROUND: Coping planning, the formation of plans to overcome behavioral barriers is assumed to promote health behavior maintenance, but the literature on this is inconsistent. In this study, we aimed to investigate the mechanisms of a coping planning intervention that adversely affected maintained safe water consumption. We also explored perceived behavioral difficulty as a potential moderator of coping planning interventions. METHODS: In the second phase of a cluster-randomised trial, households (N = 177 analyzed) were randomly allocated to a coping planning intervention or a comparison group (repetition of interventions from first intervention phase)...
July 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740963/long-term-health-implications-of-students-friendship-formation-during-the-transition-to-university
#19
Patrick Klaiber, Ashley V Whillans, Frances S Chen
BACKGROUND: The transition to university is a major life change wherein young adults' primary support system shifts from the family to peers. Can change in social integration (operationalised as number of friends) during the first term at university contribute to students' health years later, and if so, how? METHODS: The friendship formation of 67 students at a large Canadian university was assessed during their first term. These data were used to predict self-reported health and health behaviors (physical exercise, diet, tobacco, alcohol and marijuana consumption) at a follow-up assessment that occurred near the end of their time at university (2 or 3 years later)...
July 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722135/stopping-the-train-of-thought-a-pilot-study-using-an-ecological-momentary-intervention-with-twice-daily-exposure-to-natural-versus-urban-scenes-to-lower-stress-and-rumination
#20
Femke Beute, Yvonne A W de Kort
BACKGROUND: Stress, and specifically perseverative cognition, is considered to have considerable detrimental effects on mental and physical health. Interventions that can offer temporary stress relief could, therefore, bring considerable health benefits. Previous research has pointed to stress-reducing effects of exposure to nature after acute stressors, but has not yet investigated effects in the realm of everyday life. The present pilot study explores whether an ecological momentary intervention using exposure to natural images could be effective in lowering stress and improve mood...
July 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
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