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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226915/erratum-factors-that-affect-the-onset-of-action-of-non-depolarizing-neuromuscular-blocking-agents
#1
Yong Beom Kim, Tae-Yun Sung, Hong Seuk Yang
[This corrects the article on p. 500 in vol. 70, PMID: 29046769.].
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225751/anesthesia-for-the-deaf-and-mute
#2
Anju Romina Bhalotra, Bhavna Kakkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225750/opioid-free-anesthesia-using-continuous-dexmedetomidine-and-lidocaine-infusions-in-spine-surgery
#3
David J Kim, Raheel Bengali, T Anthony Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225749/humble-foley-s-catheter-to-the-rescue-in-a-case-of-t-tube-insertion-a-case-report
#4
Upasana Goswami, Praneet Singh
The Montgomery T-tube poses a challenge to anesthesiologists because of loss of anesthetic gases through the open proximal end of the vertical limb and lack of standard anesthesia circuit connectors. Here, we present a case of a 25-year-old woman with a reported history of accidental strangulation 18 months previously. The patient had a metallic tracheostomy tube in situ due to the development of tracheal stenosis. Computed tomography showed significant narrowing in a 7-8-mm segment, 2 cm proximal to the tracheostomy tube in situ...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225748/multiple-exposures-of-sevoflurane-during-pregnancy-induces-memory-impairment-in-young-female-offspring-mice
#5
Woosuk Chung, Seunghwan Yoon, Yong Sup Shin
Background: Earlier studies have reported conflicting results regarding long-term behavioral consequences after anesthesia during the fetal period. Previous studies also suggest several factors that may explain such conflicting data. Thus, we examined the influence of age and sex on long-term behavioral consequences after multiple sevoflurane exposures during the fetal period. Methods: C57BL/6J pregnant mice received oxygen with or without sevoflurane for 2 hours at gestational day (GD) 14-16...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225747/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial-to-assess-the-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-during-cleft-palate-surgery
#6
Priyanka Surana, Devangi A Parikh, Geeta A Patkar, Bharati A Tendolkar
Background: We investigated whether the intraoperative administration of dexmedetomidine would attenuate the profound sympathoadrenal response associated with cleft palate (CP) surgery. Methods: Sixty children aged 6 months to 12 years undergoing CP surgery under general anesthesia were randomly assigned to the control (C) or dexmedetomidine (D) groups. Group C received benzodiazepine (0.05 mg/kg midazolam followed by infusion of normal saline) fentanyl isoflurane anesthesia, and Group D received dexmedetomidine (loading 1 µg/kg followed by infusion of 0...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225746/comparison-of-the-impact-of-applications-of-targeted-transfusion-protocol-and-massive-transfusion-protocol-in-trauma-patients
#7
Shahram Paydar, Hosseinali Khalili, Golnar Sabetian, Behnam Dalfardi, Shahram Bolandparvaz, Mohammad Hadi Niakan, Hamidreza Abbasi, Donat R Spahn
Background: The current study assessed a recently developed resuscitation protocol for bleeding trauma patients called the Targeted Transfusion Protocol (TTP) and compared its results with those of the standard Massive Transfusion Protocol (MTP). Methods: Per capita utilization of blood products such as packed red blood cells (RBCs), fresh frozen plasma (FFP), and platelet concentrates was compared along with mortality rates during two 6-month periods, one in 2011 (when the standard MTP was followed) and another in 2014 (when the TTP was used)...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225745/heated-wire-humidification-circuit-attenuates-the-decrease-of-core-temperature-during-general-anesthesia-in-patients-undergoing-arthroscopic-hip-surgery
#8
Sooyong Park, Seok-Hwa Yoon, Ann Misun Youn, Seung Hyun Song, Ja Gyung Hwang
Background: Intraoperative hypothermia is common in patients undergoing general anesthesia during arthroscopic hip surgery. In the present study, we assessed the effect of heating and humidifying the airway with a heated wire humidification circuit (HHC) to attenuate the decrease of core temperature and prevent hypothermia in patients undergoing arthroscopic hip surgery under general anesthesia. Methods: Fifty-six patients scheduled for arthroscopic hip surgery were randomly assigned to either a control group using a breathing circuit connected with a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) (n = 28) or an HHC group using a heated wire humidification circuit (n = 28)...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225744/a-comparison-between-ketorolac-and-nefopam-as-adjuvant-analgesics-for-postoperative-patient-controlled-analgesia-a-randomized-double-blind-prospective-study
#9
Ji-Seon Son, Aram Doo, Young-Jun Kwon, Young-Jin Han, Seonghoon Ko
Background: We compared the analgesic efficacy and side effects of ketorolac and nefopam that were co-administered with fentanyl via intravenous patient-controlled analgesia. Methods: One hundred and sixty patients scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly assigned to ketorolac (Group K) or nefopam (Group N) groups. The anesthetic regimen was standardized for all patients. The analgesic solution contained fentanyl 600 µg and ketorolac 180 mg in Group K, and fentanyl 600 µg and nefopam 120 mg in Group N...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225743/comparison-of-the-clinical-performance-of-the-modified-marsh-model-for-propofol-between-underweight-and-normal-weight-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#10
Soo-Kyung Park, Ji Hyun Park, Hyun Uk Kang, Byung-Moon Choi, Gyu-Jeong Noh
Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the clinical performance of the modified Marsh model for propofol between underweight and normal-weight patients with Crohn's disease. Methods: The medical records of 50 patients who underwent elective surgery for Crohn's disease were reviewed retrospectively. Propofol and remifentanil were administered using target effect-site concentration (Ce)-controlled infusion with the modified Marsh and Minto models...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225742/introduction-of-a-pilot-study
#11
REVIEW
Junyong In
A pilot study asks whether something can be done, should the researchers proceed with it, and if so, how. However, a pilot study also has a specific design feature; it is conducted on a smaller scale than the main or full-scale study. In other words, the pilot study is important for improvement of the quality and efficiency of the main study. In addition, it is conducted in order to assess the safety of treatment or interventions and recruitment potentials, examine the randomization and blinding process, increase the researchers' experience with the study methods or medicine and interventions, and provide estimates for sample size calculation...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225741/what-is-the-proper-ventilation-strategy-during-laparoscopic-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Youn Yi Jo, Hyun-Jeong Kwak
The main stream of intraabdominal surgery has changed from laparotomy to laparoscopy, but anesthetic care for laparoscopic surgery is challenging for clinicians, because pneumoperitoneum might aggravate respiratory mechanics and arterial oxygenation. The authors reviewed the literature regarding ventilation strategies that reduce deleterious pulmonary physiologic changes during pneumoperitoneum for laparoscopic surgery under general anesthesia and make appropriate recommendations.
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225740/glycemic-control-in-acute-illness
#13
REVIEW
Moritoki Egi, Nana Furushima, Shohei Makino, Satoshi Mizobuchi
Hyperglycemia is commonly observed in critical illness. A landmark large randomized controlled trial (RCT) reported that the incidence of hyperglycemia (blood glucose concentration > 108 mg/dl) was as high as 97.2% in critically ill patients. During the past two decades, a number of RCTs and several meta-analyses and network meta-analyses have been conducted to determine the optimal target for acute glycemic control. The results of those studies suggest that serum glucose concentration would be better to be maintained between 144 and 180 mg/dl...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225739/beyond-the-neonate-how-do-anesthetics-affect-the-fetal-brain
#14
EDITORIAL
Hyungseok Seo, Jae-Woo Yi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046781/diagnosis-of-pulmonary-embolism-due-to-the-use-of-interscalene-block
#15
Zhi Yuen Beh, Huae Min Tham, Yean Chin Lim, Noelle Louise Lim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046780/myoclonus-of-ipsilateral-upper-extremity-after-ultrasound-guided-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-with-mepivacaine
#16
Bong Jin Kang, Jaegyok Song, Sung-Mi Ji, Jong Pil Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046779/anesthetic-management-during-the-first-combined-heart-liver-transplant-performed-in-korea-a-case-report
#17
Hyejin Park, Jungchan Park, Jonghwan Lee, Gaabsoo Kim
Herein, we describe the anesthetic management during the first combined heart-liver transplant (CHLT) performed in Korea. Though CHLT is a rare procedure, accumulating evidence suggests that it is a feasible option for patients with coexisting heart and liver failure. A 45-year-old female patient presented with severe cardiac dysfunction requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support and secondary congestive hepatopathy. The patient underwent consecutive heart and liver transplantation using extracorporeal circulatory devices-heart transplant with cardiopulmonary bypass, and liver transplant with peripheral ECMO...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046778/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-cryoneurolysis-providing-postoperative-analgesia-lasting-many-weeks-following-a-single-administration-a-replacement-for-continuous-peripheral-nerve-blocks-a-case-report
#18
Brian M Ilfeld, Rodney A Gabriel, Andrea M Trescot
Cryoneurolysis entails using low temperatures to reversibly ablate nerves, with a subsequent analgesia duration measured in weeks or months. Previously, clinical applications for acute pain were limited because treatment originally required exposing the target nerve surgically. However, three developments have now made it possible to provide prolonged postoperative analgesia by cryoneurolysis: 1) new portable, hand-held cryoneurolysis devices, 2) ultrasound machine proliferation, and, 3) anesthesiologists trained in ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block administration...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046777/effect-of-palmitoylethanolamide-on-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#19
Tai-Kyung Seol, Wonho Lee, Sunah Park, Kyu Nam Kim, Tae Yeon Kim, You Na Oh, Jong Hun Jun
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that neuroinflammation, which is characterized by infiltration of immune cells, activation of mast cells and glial cells, and production of inflammatory mediators in the peripheral and central nervous systems, plays an important role in the induction and maintenance of chronic pain. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), which is a type of N-acylethanolamide and a lipid, has an anti-inflammatory effect. Relative to the anti-inflammatory effect, little is known about its analgesic effect in chronic pain...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046776/the-safety-of-endoscopic-esophageal-procedures-under-general-anesthesia
#20
Go Eun Kim, Duk Kyung Kim, Ji Won Choi, In Sun Chung, Da Woon Jung
BACKGROUND: With the increasing demand for general anesthesia for endoscopic esophageal procedures, anesthesiologists should understand the clinical characteristics of post-procedural complications (PPCs). METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the incidence of and risk factors associated with PPCs of endoscopic esophageal procedures performed under general anesthesia from July 2013 to November 2016. The final analysis included 129 patients; 114 who underwent esophageal endoscopic dissection for esophageal tumors and 15 cases of peroral endoscopic myotomy for achalasia...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
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