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Gulf Journal of Oncology

Xh Çuni, I Haxhiu, Sh Telegrafi, M Berisha, N Rexha, M Myftari, P Nuraj, S Mehmeti, A Fetahu, R Dervishi, S Manxhuka, F Kurshumliu
Testicular cancer represents approximately 1% of all cancers diagnosed in males. Testicular cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in male adolescents and young adults between 15-35 years of age. Bilateral presentation is rare with a reported rate of 0.8% for every 1,000,000 men between the age 15-40 years from which 0.5% are synchronous and .2-3% are metachronous. We report a case of 42-year-old man with metachronous testicular seminoma within 8 years from the first testicular tumor. Patient was treated at the urology clinic with a left testicular mass causing painful swelling...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Guhan Kumarasamy, Anusha Balasubramanian, Baharudin Abdullah
Testicular cancer is an uncommon malignancy of the male reproductive organ, accounting for 1% of all cancers in men. Distant cervical metastasis from testicular cancer has been reported in 5% of patients. We present 2 cases of non-seminomatous testicular cancers that were diagnosed retrospectively in patients who presented with pure cervical lymph nodes. A comprehensive approach bearing in mind the possible differentials, pathogenesis and treatment options are discussed.
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Mariam Alotaibi, Jaroslav Nemec
Cutaneous metastases from colorectal cancer are very rare. They appear in less than 0.5% of colorectal metastatic cases at time of initial diagnosis. They indicate disseminated disease and poor prognosis. We describe a case of 54 years old patient who presented with scalp, face and upper back cutaneous metastatic lesions derived from sigmoid cancer, 9 months prior to his initial diagnosis. Final diagnosis of cutaneous metastasis of sigmoid carcinoma was made based on fine needle aspiration cytology. An index of suspicion should be maintained with a low threshold for biopsy for any cutaneous nodule in patient with malignancy...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Priyanka Anand, Namrata Sarin, Amul K Butti, Sompal Singh
Phyllodes tumor is a rare fibroepithelial neoplasm of the breast and constitutes 0.3-0.5% of all breast tumors. They are usually benign and only few of them undergo malignant transformation. Benign or borderline phyllodes tumor typically never recur however, malignant phyllodes tumors do have a recurrence and a metastatic potential. Differentiating these two groups is of prime importance for proper management of the patient. We report a rare case of Malignant Phyllodes tumor in an 18 year old female. She presented with a left breast lump which was gradually increasing in size...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
William A Nehmeh, Marc Rassy, Claude Ghorra, Pamel Abdayem, Cyril Tohmé
Colon cancer is a heavy public health burden. No data has been previously published on colon cancer epidemiology in Lebanon. The objective of this study was to report the clinical and pathological features of surgically operated colon cancer. From July 2005 to July 2012, 187 sporadic colonic tumors were operated in Hotel-Dieu de France Hospital (Beirut, Lebanon). Demographic, clinical, pathological and staging data was collected. The male: female sex ratio was 1.3 and the mean age at diagnosis was 66.0 years...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Bassim Jaffar Al Bahrani, Itrat Mehdi
Palliative Care (PC) is an evolving oncology subspecialty in the Middle East (ME). Justified opioid use is an integral part of palliative care. Often, morphine consumption is taken as a quality indicator of palliative care services, but is it a reliable indicator to reflect the status of palliative care in current Middle East setting? We need to understand that data on morphine consumption, represent the amount distributed of morphine per person in a country and does not refer the actual justified amount utilization of opioids...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Humaid O Al-Shamsi, Emad Tashkandi, Nedal Bukhari, Abdulaziz Al Farsi, Abdulsalam Alnajjar, Ahmad Alhuraiji, Moteb Foheidi, Ahmed Sagheir, Khalid Bin Thani, Bassim Al Bahrani, Sadir Alrawi
INTRODUCTION: The use of modern immunotherapy has been evolving over the past few years, and various new agents have been developed for new indications at multiple primary sites in oncology. It is important for physicians who are involved in cancer care to be aware and updated about new therapeutic agents and their indications, potential benefits, and side effects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From October to November 2017, we conducted a survey on the awareness, understanding, attitude, and barriers associated with prescribing modern cancer immunotherapies among physicians in the Arabian Gulf countries...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Mohamed Salah Fayaz, Gerges Attia Demian, Heba El-Sayed Eissa, Sadeq Abu-Zlouf
BACKGROUND: This study was undertaken to analyze and evaluate the clinico-pathological profile and the outcome of young patients diagnosed with colon cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the colon at or below the age of 50 years from January 2000 to December 2007 in Kuwait were analyzed. This study retrieved 130 patients diagnosed = 50 years, representing 22% of colon cancer patients in this period, 67 females and 63 males. Patients = 40 years were 48 while those 41-50 years were 82...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Amina Chami Sidi Boulenouar, Florence Coulet, Farida Mesli Taleb Bendiab, Fatima Zohra Boudinar, Rachid Senhadji
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in Algerian women. Our aim is to analyze BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes mutations in 100 Algerian patients with a family history suggestive of genetic predisposition to breast cancer. BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations were searched by High-Resolution Melting (HRM) analysis, followed by direct sequencing, and Multiplex Ligation- Dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA) for large deletions or duplications. An unclassified variant c.5117G>C, p.Gly1706ALA and a pathogenic mutation c...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Prashanth Hegde, Jyothi Pande, Hanaa Hosny Adly, Padma Shetty, A Jayakumari
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the principal cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide. Among Emirati females, breast cancer ranked first accounting for 23.1% of the total cancers. Around 58% of the cases occurred were reported from northern emirates. United Arab Emirates is having higher percentage of expat female population than Emirati women. There is lack of data regarding the knowledge and attitude about breast cancer in this mixed population. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge and attitude of women towards breast cancer, risk factors and the screening program in women above the age of 19 years residing in northern emirates of the UAE...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Sonia Parikh, Parijat Goswami, Asha Anand, Harsha Panchal, Apurva Patel, Rahul Kulkarni, Bhadresh Shastri
BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study is to describe clinical and microbiological profile of infections during induction phase of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the case records of 50 hospitalized patients with AML undergoing standard dose induction chemotherapy from January to December 2015. RESULTS: Out of 50 cases, 34 were males 16 females with median age of 30 years. Most common presenting symptoms were fever followed by bleeding diathesis...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Ami Desai, Shreenivas Kallianpur, Abin Mani, Manisha S Tijare, Samar Khan, Megha Jain, Vidhi Mathur, Rinky Ahuja, Vijay Saxena
PURPOSE: Study was aimed to quantify plasma level of total, short and long fragmented cell-free DNA (cfDNA) along with DNA integrity in patients with oral cancer, oral precancer and tobacco users without lesions and normal controls. In addition, study evaluated the correlation of cfDNA with clinicopathologic parameters of oral cancer. METHODOLOGY: Plasma samples were collected preoperatively from 44 patients with oral cancer, 40 patients with oral precancer, 40 tobacco users without any oral lesion and 40 healthy controls without any tobacco habit...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Shakeel Uz Zaman, Mohamad Sohail Awan, Mohamad Ahsan Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and the frequency of obesity is increasing globally. In literature, relationship between excessive body weight and bad prognostic features of PTC is still debatable. In this study, we aimed to explore the association of obesity with high risk pathological features of PTC in a population treated by total thyroidectomy +/- neck dissection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients at Aga Khan University Hospital from January 2013 to December 2014, who underwent total thyroidectomy +/- neck dissection due to PTC...
May 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Lamiae Amaadour, Zineb Benbrahim, Othmane Zouiten, Nezar Bourdi, Youssef Lamrani Alaoui, Asmae El Mazti, Nawal Hammas, Nawfel Mellas
Desmoid tumors are rare benign neoplasms with an aggressive local growth. In children, intra-abdominal localization is less frequent and few reports exist in the literature about the management of DTs in those special patients. In our report, we describe a case of a 13-year old patient with a bifocal intra-abdominal DT, treated unsuccessfully with tamoxifene, and we discuss briefly the existing literature data.
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Sidra Khalid, Hamed Daw, Miriam Jacob, Megan Nakashima
T cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia is a hematological disorder which is characterized by the proliferation of CD 3+ cytotoxic T cells. We present a case about a patient who was diagnosed with T cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia and then developed pulmonary hypertension. He was treated for his leukemia with methotrexate and simultaneously treated for his pulmonary hypertension with selexipag and ambrisentan. As his leukemia improved, we also noticed an improvement in his pulmonary hypertension from a NYHA class IV to class I...
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Rehailia-Blanchard Amel, Morel Adeline, Rancoul Chloé, He Ming Yuan, Magné Nicolas, Falkowski Sabrina
BACKGROUND: Vaginal metastases originating from renal cancer remain a rare event, with less than 100 cases reported in the literature. The spreading mechanism is still under scrutiny. The tumoral bleeding often is a symptom revealing vaginal metastases. CASE: The present work reports patient case having vaginal metastasis of renal clear-cell cancer. The vaginal metastasis was treated by a 3-D conformational radiotherapy. Our experience is discussed with respect to an updated literature review concerning the medical management of vaginal metastasis related to kidney cancer...
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Rakesh Kain, Suvashis Dash
Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap is an important option for post onco reconstruction in head and neck region. Among the several complications mentioned in the literature, tumor recurrence at the donor site of flap is late and rare complication. Tumor implantation at the donor site of flap is a possible explanation. The occurrence of this type case is rare. We are reporting a case of tumor recurrences of pectoralis major myocutaneous flap donor site without presence of index tumor or detectable systemic disease...
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Abdullah A AlHaddad, Ali S Mouzannar, Bader Marafi, Ibtisam Albader, Mona A Khoursheed, Ali Sayed Ahmed Alsayed
Transanal Minimally Invasive Surgery (TAMIS) is a one of new platform used to help and achieve better outcome in using transanal approach for the treatment of rectal neoplasm. High definition camera and high tech equipment are used to perform this kind of surgery. The main benefit of using this approach is to provide the best outcome or the patient compared to the traditional transanal approach. This platform can be used for a variety of cases, benign and malignant tumor and for the benign condition. We report the first TAMIS perfo b rmed in the Kuwait and probably in the Middle East with 2 years of follow up...
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Deivy Cruzado-Sánchez, Walter Andree Tellez, Solon Serpa-Frias, Grisnery Maquera
Ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL) constitutes 8% of all extranodal lymphomas, being rare in the eyelids (5-20%). The objective was to report a case of eyelid follicular lymphoma in a young adult woman. A 35-year-old female with swelling in left lower eyelid with development for 2 months. The visual acuity was 20/20 in both eyes, the tumor mass was 3 cm wide and 1.5 cm long. The contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a soft-tissue injury in the left lower eyelid but had no signs of local spread according to description...
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Hira Abdul Razzak, Alya Harbi, Wael Shelpai, xAhmadxx Qawas
Cancer is recognized to be a major healthcare problem globally. Cancer is a disease that mainly occurs when alterations in a normal cell group within the body leads to uncontrolled growth, mainly causing a lump referred to as a tumor. The aim of this study is to systematically review and extract studies reporting the risk factors of cancer in UAE between 2007 and 2016. A systematic literature search was performed by using "PubMed, Scopus databases, Science direct, and local journals" and appropriate key terms to retrieve studies carried out in United Arab Emirates with regards to risk factors of the cancer...
January 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
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