journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biodemography and Social Biology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199872/inflammation-and-cognition-in-older-adults-evidence-from-taiwan
#1
Megan A Todd
Inflammation has been linked to clinical cognitive impairment, including Alzheimer's disease. Less is known, however, about the relationship between inflammation and normal, age-associated cognitive decline. An understanding of the determinants of all types of cognitive decline is important for improving quality of life in an aging world. This study investigated whether biomarkers of inflammation were associated with cognitive function and decline in older Taiwanese adults. Data were from the Taiwan Longitudinal Study of Aging and the Social Environment and Biomarkers of Aging Study...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199871/perceived-racial-discrimination-in-the-workplace-and-body-weight-among-the-unemployed
#2
Masanori Kuroki
This study investigates the association between body weight and the likelihood that people perceive that they have been the victims of racial discrimination in the workplace among the unemployed. I find that unemployed obese men and women are 8.4 percentage points and 7.7 percentage points, respectively, more likely to have experienced racial discrimination before becoming unemployed than their non-obese counterparts. For unemployed men, the relationship between body weight and perceived racial discrimination does not seem to be associated with race...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199870/spiritual-struggles-and-interleukin-6-assessing-potential-benefits-and-potential-risks
#3
Neal Krause, Kenneth I Pargament, Gail Ironson, R David Hayward
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between spiritual struggles and levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) with a subsample (N = 943) of participants who took part in a nationwide survey. This study, which was completed in 2014, was conducted in the United States. Spiritual struggles refer to difficulties that a person may encounter with his or her faith and include having a troubled relationship with God, encountering difficulties with religious others, and being unable to find a sense of ultimate meaning in life...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199869/-inflammaging-and-estradiol-among-older-u-s-women-a-nationally-representative-longitudinal-study
#4
Aniruddha Das
Despite accumulating small-sample and clinical evidence on "inflammaging," no population-representative longitudinal studies have specifically examined women's late-life inflammation trends. While a range of studies indicates estradiol's immunomodulation role, evidence is contradictory on whether its effects are pro- or antiinflammatory among older women. Using longitudinal data from the first two waves of the National Social Life, Health and Aging Project-a national probability sample of older U.S. adults aged 57 to 85 years at baseline-this study began to fill these gaps...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199868/entry-body-mass-and-earnings-once-penalized-ever-penalized
#5
Tae Hyun Kim, Euna Han
It has previously been reported that an individual's body mass index (BMI) contemporaneously penalizes wages for women, but has no effect and sometimes rewards wages for men. In young adults, we estimate the association of BMI status with initial wages to assess whether initial BMI at the beginning of an individual's career affects initial and later earnings. We pooled data from 388 men and 305 women, aged 20-40 years, with BMI information for the first year of employment, using the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035108/the-contribution-of-weight-status-to-black-white-differences-in-mortality
#6
Irma T Elo, Neil Mehta, Samuel Preston
This article examines the contribution of weight status to black-white (B-W) differences in mortality at ages 40-79 using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We measured body mass index (BMI) based on the highest BMI attained and contrasted the contribution of BMI to that of smoking and educational attainment. We estimated both additive and multiplicative models. In addition to estimating regression coefficients we asked what would happen to B-W differences in mortality if blacks had the BMI distribution of whites, the smoking prevalence of whites, or the educational distribution of whites...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035107/maternal-social-disadvantage-and-newborn-telomere-length-in-archived-dried-blood-spots-from-the-michigan-neonatal-biobank
#7
Belinda L Needham, Margaret T Hicken, Ishtar O Govia, Colter Mitchell, Cleopatra M Abdou
Telomeres are the protective caps at the ends of eukaryotic chromosomes. Short telomere length is associated with morbidity and mortality among adults and may mark the biological impact of social experiences. Using archived dried blood spots from the Michigan Neonatal Biobank, this study examined markers of maternal social disadvantage (educational attainment, receipt of public assistance, marital status, and race/ethnicity) from linked birth certificates as predictors of telomere length at birth in a sample of 192 singleton neonates born to non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic white, and Latina mothers aged 20-35 years...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035106/does-the-hispanic-health-advantage-extend-to-better-management-of-hypertension-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-sociobehavioral-factors-and-health-care-access
#8
Emily Bacon, Fernando Riosmena, Richard G Rogers
Hispanics in the United States (and foreign-born Hispanics in particular) have relatively favorable health given their lower socioeconomic status compared to, for example, non-Hispanic whites. This phenomenon is often called the Hispanic health paradox (HHP). This study examines whether the previously documented HHP in hypertension prevalence extends to its management using clinical and self-reported measures from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Multivariate models adjusting for demographic, socioeconomic, and sociobehavioral characteristics show an advantage among foreign-born Mexicans in hypertension prevalence relative to non-Hispanic whites (adjusted OR = 0...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035105/racial-ethnic-differences-in-early-life-mortality-in-the-united-states
#9
Richard G Rogers, Elizabeth M Lawrence, Robert A Hummer, Andrea M Tilstra
U.S. early-life (ages 1-24) deaths are tragic, far too common, and largely preventable. Yet demographers have focused scant attention on U.S. early-life mortality patterns, particularly as they vary across racial and ethnic groups. We employed the restricted-use 1999-2011 National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files and hazard models to examine racial/ethnic differences in early-life mortality. Our results reveal that these disparities are large, strongly related to differences in parental socioeconomic status, and expressed through different causes of death...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035104/association-between-discrimination-and-obesity-in-african-american-men
#10
Roland J Thorpe, Lauren J Parker, Ryon J Cobb, Felicia Dillard, Janice Bowie
The objective of this study was to examine the association between discrimination and obesity among a U.S. nationally representative sample of African-American men. Data from the 2001-2003 National Survey of American Life (NSAL) were used to collect measures of everyday and major discrimination, and body mass index (BMI) taken from self-reports. Poisson regression with robust standard errors was applied to estimate the prevalence ratios of everyday and major discrimination as it relates to obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)), controlling for potential confounders...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035103/racial-disparities-in-the-association-between-alcohol-use-disorders-and-health-in-black-and-white-women
#11
Yusuf Ransome, Denise C Carty, Courtney D Cogburn, David R Williams
Adverse health attributed to alcohol use disorders (AUD) is more pronounced among black than white women. We investigated whether socioeconomic status (education and income), health care factors (insurance, alcoholism treatment), or psychosocial stressors (stressful life events, racial discrimination, alcoholism stigma) could account for black-white differences in the association between AUD and physical and functional health among current women drinkers 25 years and older (N = 8,877) in the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521624/early-life-socioeconomic-status-and-adult-physiological-functioning-a-life-course-examination-of-biosocial-mechanisms
#12
Yang Claire Yang, Karen Gerken, Kristen Schorpp, Courtney Boen, Kathleen Mullan Harris
A growing literature has demonstrated a link between early-life socioeconomic conditions and adult health at a singular point in life. No research exists, however, that specifies the life course patterns of socioeconomic status (SES) in relation to the underlying biological processes that determine health. Using an innovative life course research design consisting of four nationally representative longitudinal datasets that collectively cover the human life span from early adolescence to old age (Add Health, MIDUS, NSHAP, and HRS), we address this scientific gap and assess how SES pathways from childhood into adulthood are associated with biophysiological outcomes in different adult life stages...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521623/enzyme-linked-immunoassay-based-quantitative-measurement-of-apolipoprotein-b-apob-in-dried-blood-spots-a-biomarker-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#13
Geeta N Eick, Paul Kowal, Tyler Barrett, Elizabeth A Thiele, J Josh Snodgrass
Apolipoprotein B (ApoB) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease, which remains the leading cause of mortality in both higher and lower income countries. Here, we adapted an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) development kit for quantitative determination of ApoB levels in serum and plasma for use with dried blood spots (DBS). After confirming the dilution linearity of the assay for DBS, we measured ApoB in 208 venous DBS samples. Then, using Passing-Bablok regression analysis and Spearman rank correlation analysis, we evaluated the correspondence in ApoB values between matched plasma and finger-prick DBS samples from 40 individuals who had ApoB values spanning the range of ApoB values observed in the 208 vDBS samples...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521622/exodus-from-hunger-the-long-term-health-consequences-of-the-1959-1961-chinese-famine
#14
Zhuoni Zhang, Shige Song, Xiaogang Wu
This article examines the long-term health consequences of China's 1959-1961 famine by comparing people who stayed in Guangdong and endured the famine with people who crossed the border to immigrate to Hong Kong and thus escaped the famine. Based on data from the Hong Kong Panel Study of Social Dynamics (HKPSSD) and the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS), we focused on two health indicators-body mass index (BMI) and self-rated health (SRH)-of the cohort born before 1959. Our results show that the stayers who experienced the famine have a lower BMI than the emigrants, and they are likely to have a poor SRH...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521621/family-member-deaths-in-childhood-predict-systemic-inflammation-in-late-life
#15
Maria C Norton, Daniel J Hatch, Ronald G Munger, Ken R Smith
Biological and epidemiological evidence has linked early-life psychosocial stress with late-life health, with inflammation as a potential mechanism. We report here the association between familial death in childhood and adulthood and increased levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of systemic inflammation. The Cache County Memory Study is a prospective study of persons initially aged 65 and older in 1995. In 2002, there were 1,955 persons in the study with data on CRP (42.3 percent male, mean [SD] age = 81...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521620/depression-inflammation-and-physiological-risk-in-late-life-a-national-longitudinal-study
#16
Aniruddha Das
This nationally representative study queried effects of community dwelling older adults' depression and inflammation at baseline on over-time changes in surrogate markers of their cardiometabolic risk. Data were from the 2005-2006 and 2010-2011 waves of the U.S. National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project. Inflammation was indicated by C-reactive protein and depression by the CES-D scale. Cardiometabolic markers included hemoglobin A1c and systolic BP. Lagged dependent variable models were used to examine effects...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521619/processes-linking-religious-involvement-and-telomere-length
#17
Terrence D Hill, Preeti Vaghela, Christopher G Ellison, Sunshine Rote
Although numerous studies suggest that religious involvement is associated with better health and longer life expectancies, it is unclear whether these general patterns extend to cellular aging. The mechanisms linking indicators of religious involvement with indicators of cellular aging are also undefined. We employed longitudinal data from the 2004 and 2008 Health and Retirement Study, a national probability sample of Americans aged 50 and older, to test whether average telomere length varied according to level of religious attendance...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287310/physical-functioning-trends-among-us-women-and-men-age-45-64-by-education-level
#18
Anna Zajacova, Jennifer Karas Montez
Functional limitations and disability declined in the US during the 1980s and 1990s, but reports of early 21st century trends are mixed. Whether educational inequalities in functioning increased or decreased is also poorly understood. Given the importance of disability for productivity, independent living, and health care costs, these trends are critical to US social and health policies. We examine recent trends in functional limitations and disability among women and men aged 45-64. Using 2000-2015 National Health Interview Surveys data on over 155,000 respondents, semiparametric and logistic regression models visualize and test functioning trends by education...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287309/-you-ve-come-a-long-way-baby-the-convergence-in-age-patterns-of-lung-cancer-mortality-by-sex-united-states-1959-2013
#19
Natalie A Rivadeneira, Andrew Noymer
We analyze lung cancer mortality by age and sex in the United States, 1959-2013. It is already known that male lung cancer death rates exceed those of women and that tobacco use is the leading reason for the sex difference. We elaborate on this knowledge by showing that unlike most causes of death, lung cancer mortality patterns by age are a very good fit to a quadratic-Gompertz model, i.e., log mortality rates are quadratic by age, with the mode above age 70. With a little additional historical data on sex differences in tobacco use, the quadratic models help to paint a clear quantitative picture of behavior-led convergence in lung cancer mortality by sex...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287308/gender-and-health-behavior-clustering-among-u-s-young-adults
#20
Julie Skalamera Olson, Robert A Hummer, Kathleen Mullan Harris
U.S. trends in population health suggest alarming disparities among young adults, who are less healthy across most measureable domains than their counterparts in other high-income countries; these international comparisons are particularly troubling for women. To deepen our understanding of gender disparities in health and underlying behavioral contributions, we document gender-specific clusters of health behavior among U.S. young adults using nationally representative data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
journal
journal
42303
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"