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Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440796/tobacco-pouch-keratosis-in-a-young-individual-a-brief-description
#1
Preethy Mary Donald, George Renjith, Ankita Arora
Smokeless tobacco is used orally or nasally without burning tobacco. This is equally harmful as smokers due to the tobacco content and can cause oral cancer as well as systemic effects such as nicotinic dependence. Many other oral conditions have also been reported in association with smokeless tobacco. This paper presents features of tobacco pouch keratosis and aims to highlight the oral effects of smokeless tobacco, management, and guidelines for dentists in educating and counselling tobacco users.
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440795/root-coverage-of-a-wide-anterior-mucogingival-defect-with-epithelial-embossed-connective-tissue-graft-and-its-evaluation-using-root-coverage-esthetic-scores
#2
Avita Rath, Bennete Aloysius Fernandes, Preena Sidhu, Priyadarshini Ramamurthy
New and innovative surgical techniques are necessary to help the clinician ensure the best results and satisfy patient's expectations. One such periodontal problem that has been challenging to the dental practitioners and impacts the oral health quality of life of patients has been gingival recession. When present anteriorly where esthetics is a major concern, patient centric parameters too become paramount. Root coverage esthetic score (RES) evaluation helps to keep the patient outcomes in mind. This case reports the successful treatment of a wide anterior mucogingival defect using epithelial embossed connective tissue graft which was evaluated for the first time using RES...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440794/an-innovative-and-less-invasive-management-of-recurrent-pyogenic-granuloma-in-the-esthetic-zone-a-case-report-with-18-month-follow-up
#3
Superna Tiwari, Abhilash Neelakanti, Sunil Sathyanarayana
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a nonneoplastic, tumor-like growth commonly seen in the oral mucosa or skin. Although nonpathological, its existence might lead to complications such as secondary infections or diastema formation. Hence, surgical removal of the growth seems mandatory. Histopathologic and radiographic evaluation is essential for accurate diagnosis and to rule out malignancy. A 28-year-old systemically healthy female patient reported with a swelling which involved the interdental space of maxillary left central and lateral incisors...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440793/use-of-an-amniotic-membrane-as-a-novel-barrier-in-a-tooth-with-a-questionable-prognosis
#4
Kanakamedala Anil Kumar, Muppalla Chakravarthy, Shalini Selvarajan, Theyagarajan Ramakrishnan, Geetha Ari
The chief goal of combination therapy using guided tissue regeneration along with bone grafts is to optimally and predictably regenerate the periodontal attachment apparatus. The evolution of regenerative therapy along with careful patient selection and treatment planning can have positive results even in cases which are not ideal. The present case report describes a tooth with a questionable prognosis treated successively by endodontic then periodontal therapy using an amniotic membrane along with a bone graft to treat an intrabony defect...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440792/ancient-schwannoma-of-gingiva-a-rare-case-report
#5
Manas Bajpai, Nilesh Pardhe
Oral schwannomas (OSs) are rare benign tumors of oral cavity derived from peripheral nerve sheath, composed of proliferation of schwann cells in a characteristic pattern. AS are long-standing lesions which exhibit degenerative changes and atypia due to which they could be mistaken for malignancy. The mean age of occurrence of AS in oral cavity is 43 years, and no case of oral AS has been reported in a pediatric patient so far. Here, we present a rare case of AS of oral cavity in a 10-year-old male child.
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440791/obesity-and-oral-health-is-there-a-link-an-observational-study
#6
Neeraj Chandrahas Deshpande, Mansi Rajendrakumar Amrutiya
Introduction: Periodontitis is defined as a destructive inflammatory disease involving the supporting tissues of the teeth due to specific microorganisms which results in a progressive destruction of supporting structures of the periodontium. Obesity is excessive body fat in proportion to lean body mass, to such an extent that health is impaired. Obesity, a serious public health problem, relates to a chronic low-grade systemic inflammation and is involved in the development of obesity-linked disorders including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440790/subgingival-prevalence-rate-of-enteric-rods-in-subjects-with-periodontal-health-and-disease
#7
Aravindhan Thathachari Ranganathan, Sarath Sarathy, Chitraa Rama Chandran, Kannan Iyan
Background: The prevalence of enteric rods and their association with chronic periodontitis has gained prominence recently. Although the prevalence of these organisms from the subgingival plaque sample was reported in the literature, the carriage rate of these rods in our population is lacking. The present study was undertaken to know the carriage rate of enteric rods from our population in patients with periodontal health and disease. Materials and Methods: Eighty-four systemically healthy participants, inclusive of 46 males and 38 females, were selected for the study...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440789/a-comparative-evaluation-of-papillary-reconstruction-by-modified-beagle-s-technique-with-the-beagle-s-surgical-technique-a-clinical-and-radiographic-study
#8
Prerna Pravin Chaulkar, Rohini Salil Mali, Amita Milind Mali, Priya Abhijeet Lele, Pallavi Anil Patil
Background: To assess and compare the effectiveness of two surgical procedures (Beagle's technique and modified Beagle's technique) for the reconstruction of the lost interproximal dental papilla. Materials and Methods: Twenty sites were selected based on the selection criteria which included patients within the age group of 20-50 years and the presence of Class I and Class II recession of the papilla in the maxillary anterior region. They were divided randomly into Group A and Group B...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440788/effectiveness-of-erythrosine-mediated-photodynamic-antimicrobial-chemotherapy-on-dental-plaque-aerobic-microorganisms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Manohar Bhat, Swathi Acharya, Kakarla Veera Venkata Prasad, Raghavendra Kulkarni, Anithraj Bhat, Devikripa Bhat
Background: Dental plaque is one of the predominant causes of major oral diseases. Although mechanical and chemical methods are extensively followed to control the development of plaque, plaque-related diseases still persist. Therefore, this necessitates for alternative measures of plaque control, one such alternative is photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT). Materials and Methods: Split mouth randomized clinical trial (CTRI/2017/03/008239) was conducted on 30 participants who reported to the hospital...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440787/submandibular-fossa-augmentation-in-implant-dentistry
#10
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Background: There are two limiting factors for determining the dental implant fixture length in mandibular posterior edentulous region: Inferior dental canal and submandibular fossa. Purpose: Submandibular fossa augmentation is a suggested way to overcome the problem of lingual undercut beneath the mylohyoid ridge in implant dentistry. Materials and Methods: Patients with lingual posterior bony undercut that interferes with the placement of a standard implant with a length of 10 mm were enrolled in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440786/effect-of-scaling-and-root-planing-on-levels-of-8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine-in-gingival-crevicular-fluid-of-chronic-periodontitis-patients-with-and-without-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Maria Subash Aaron Muthuraj, Srihari Janakiram, Koshy Chithresan, Arun Parappa Maradi, Praveen Krishna Maddur, Rajesh Rangaraju
Context: Chronic periodontitis (CP) and diabetes mellitus are associated with increased oxidative damage to DNA with formation of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG). The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) levels of 8-OHdG and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) by 3 months after scaling and root planing (SRP), in CP patients with and without Type II diabetes mellitus. Settings and Design: Sixteen patients with CP, 16 patients with CP and Type II diabetes mellitus (CP-D), and 16 systemically healthy individuals with clinically healthy periodontium who served as controls were included in the study...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440785/comparative-histologic-evaluation-of-titanium-platelet-rich-fibrin-and-platelet-rich-fibrin-in-hypertensive-and-smoker-participants-a-cell-cytology-study
#12
Anirban Chatterjee, Koel Debnath, Mohd Mustafa Ali, Chaitanya Babu, Pratibha Laxman Gowda
Introduction: In recent years, a growing interest has emerged with the use of platelet-rich products for the treatment of many clinical conditions in dentistry. Objective: The present study aimed to define the structural characteristics of titanium platelet-rich fibrin (TPRF) and PRF in hypertensive and smoker participants. Materials and Methods: Ten milliliters of blood samples was drawn using a syringe form ninety participants (healthy, hypertensive, and smokers)...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440784/titanium-particles-in-tissues-from-peri-implant-mucositis-an-exfoliative-cytology-based-pilot-study
#13
Shree Lakshmi Deepika Penmetsa, Rucha Shah, Raison Thomas, Amanna Baron Tarun Kumar, Pamidimarri Sai Divya Gayatri, Dhoom Singh Mehta
Background: To evaluate the presence of titanium particles in the peri-implant mucosa of unloaded single implants. Materials and Methods: Forty participants with single unloaded implants were selected. They were divided equally into two groups: Group 1 with mild and Group 2 with moderate-to-severe peri-implant mucositis. Cytologic smears of peri-implant mucosa were obtained using cytobrush during second-stage surgery. Results: Study states that 60% of participants of Group 2 were positive for titanium particles in peri-implant cytology...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440783/comparative-analysis-of-subgingival-red-complex-bacteria-in-obese-and-normal-weight-subjects-with-and-without-chronic-periodontitis
#14
Snophia Suresh, Jaideep Mahendra, Angabakkam Rajasekaran Pradeep Kumar, Gurdeep Singh, Selvaraj Jayaraman, Roshini Paul
Background: Obesity is one of the systemic conditions which influence the onset and progression of periodontal disease and it is stated that the metabolic changes associated with obesity may contribute to alteration in subgingival microbial flora. Aim: Our study was aimed to quantify and compare the red complex microorganisms in obese or overweight and normal weight participants with and without chronic periodontitis to identify obesity as a risk for the presence of red complex bacteria...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440782/neutrophil-priming-implications-in-periodontal-disease
#15
REVIEW
Rucha Shah, Raison Thomas, Dhoom Singh Mehta
Periodontal disease is a well-regulated response to bacterial infection directed by the inflammatory cells of the host immune system. The host response to injury or insult is implicated to be a vital feature of the majority of periodontal diseases. The excessive activation of neutrophils plays a role in the pathogenesis in diseases such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and periodontitis by contributing to inflammatory tissue injury. In the recent times, there has been a shift of paradigm from a hypo- to hyper-responsive/primed model of neutrophil dysfunction in periodontal etiopathogenesis...
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440781/confronting-challenges-in-post-graduate-admissions-in-our-profession
#16
Abhay Kolte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440780/an-8-mm-pocket-that-wasn-t-3-mm-at-one-time
#17
EDITORIAL
Ashish Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398865/tooth-for-a-tooth-tissue-engineering-made-easy-at-dental-chairside
#18
Vandana Kharidhi Laxman, Rajendra Gururao Desai
Background: Stem cells are unspecialized, multipotent cells which can differentiate into different cell types. The human periodontal ligament encloses subpopulation of Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells (PDLSCs) which are able to regenerate the periodontium by differentiating into various cells of PDL. Literature have shown the promising results of periodontal regeneration by exvivo cultured transplantation of PDLSCs into the osseous defects. Methods: Based on current literature on use of ex vivo culture and associated problems, a novel technique is being presented , Stem cell application in periodontal regeneration (SAI-PRT) which uses autologous PDLSCs along with its niche adhering to extracted tooth root for direct application using gelatin sponge as scaffold in regeneration of intrabony periodontal defect bypassing ex-vivo culture...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398864/laser-assisted-lip-repositioning-surgery-novel-approach-to-treat-gummy-smile
#19
Sana Farista, Ramreddy Yeltiwar, Butchibabu Kalakonda, Kaustubh Suresh Thakare
Excessive gingival display (EGD) resulting in a "gummy smile" is a major esthetic concern with ramifications in an individual's personal and social life. Numerous treatment modalities have been used for the correction of EGD. The present case report describes the successful treatment of a young woman with an excess gingival display caused by a hyperactive upper lip and a mild vertical maxillary excess that was treated with a laser-assisted lip repositioning surgical technique accompanied by gingival recontouring...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398863/comprehensive-rehabilitation-using-dental-implants-in-generalized-aggressive-periodontitis
#20
Asha Ramesh, Sheethalan Ravi, Gurumoorthy Kaarthikeyan
Generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP) is a debilitating form of the disease and it results in deteriorating effects on the esthetic and functional aspects of the oral cavity. This case report describes the comprehensive rehabilitation of GAP patient using dental implants. The treatment planning involved thorough scaling and root planning (SRP) with oral hygiene instructions. The patient was motivated to adhere to a strict oral hygiene regimen following which periodontal flap surgery employing guided tissue regeneration and bone grafts was performed...
March 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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