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Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563213/periodontium-bestows-vision
#1
Minkle Gulati, Sanjeev Kumar Salaria, Vishal Anand, Nikil Jain, Suraj Pandey
The role of periodontium in supporting the tooth structures is well-known. However, less is known about its contribution to the field of ophthalmology. Corneal diseases are among major causes of blindness affecting millions of people worldwide, for which synthetic keratoprosthesis was considered the last resort to restore vision. Yet, these synthetic keratoprosthesis suffered from serious limitations, especially the foreign body reactions invoked by them resulting in extrusion of the whole prosthesis from the eye...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563212/-united-pedicle-flap-for-management-of-multiple-gingival-recessions
#2
Aditi Chopra, Karthik Sivaraman, Subraya Giliyar Bhat
Numerous surgical procedures have evolved and are being modified with time to treat gingival recession by manipulating gingival or mucosal tissues in various ways. However, the decision to choose the most appropriate technique for a given recession site still remains a challenging task for clinicians. Mucogingival deformities such as shallow vestibule, frenal pull, or inadequate attached gingiva complicate the decision and limit the treatment options to an invasive procedure involving soft tissue grafts. The situation is further comprised if there is a nonavailability of adequate donor tissue and patients' unwillingness for procedures involving a second surgical site...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563211/desquamative-gingivitis-as-only-presenting-sign-of-mucous-membrane-pemphigoid
#3
Veena Vijayan, Ajish Paul, Kennedy Babu, Balasubramanian Madhan
Desquamative gingivitis (DG) is a clinical condition in which the gingiva appears reddish, glazed, and friable with loss of superficial epithelium. DG is considered a clinical manifestation of many gingival diseases and hence not identified as a diagnosis itself. Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is an autoimmune vesiculobullous disorder of mucous membrane characterized by subepithelial bullae formation. MMP can affect the mucous membranes of oral cavity, conjunctiva, nasopharynx, larynx, esophagus, genitourinary tract, and anus and vary in its severity...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563210/management-of-a-rare-case-of-peripheral-squamous-odontogenic-tumor-of-the-gingiva
#4
Ramamurti Anjana, Nirupama Murali, Narasimhan Malathi, Ranga Rao Suresh
Odontogenic tumors (OTs) arising from the periodontium are quite rare. Squamous OT (SOT) is one such neoplasm which has an exceedingly rare occurrence. According to the literature, there have been very few reported cases of SOT with a very small percentage involving the gingiva. Most of the times, these tumors are located within the bone, only a very few peripheral cases been noted so far. Although predominantly benign, the possibility of a malignant transformation prevails. Our case describes a rare presentation of a peripheral SOT involving the upper anterior gingiva in a 59-year-old patient, which presented clinically as a firm and fibrotic swelling...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563209/the-impact-of-lifestyles-on-the-periodontal-health-of-adults-in-udupi-district-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Nishu Singla, Shashidhar Acharya, Ramprasad Vasthare Prabhakar, Kalyana Chakravarthy, Deepak Singhal, Ritesh Singla
OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the impact of different lifestyle factors on periodontal health of adults. (2) To assess the impact of overall/combined lifestyle variable (calculated by health practice index [HPI]) on periodontal health of adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study consisting of a structured questionnaire on HPI, oral health-related behavior, and personal habits as well as sociodemographic variables was conducted on 800 subjects aged 20-50 years attending dental outreach set-ups of Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563208/association-of-chronic-periodontitis-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Naresh Kumar, Ashu Bhardwaj, Prakash Chand Negi, Pravesh Kumar Jhingta, Deepak Sharma, Vinay Kumar Bhardwaj
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MeS) is high among Asians, including Indians and is rising, particularly with the adoption of modernized lifestyle. Various studies have reported a significant relationship between periodontal status and MeS. The objective of this study is to investigate the association between periodontitis and MeS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 259 subjects (130 cases with chronic periodontitis, 129 controls without chronic periodontitis) who underwent medical and periodontal checkup...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563207/variations-in-the-frenal-morphology-in-the-diverse-population-a-clinical-study
#7
Vikas Jindal, Rupinder Kaur, Amit Goel, Atika Mahajan, Neha Mahajan, Atin Mahajan
BACKGROUND: The upper labial frenum is a normal anatomic structure with inherent morphological variations. Frenum has variations depending upon the attachment of fibers along with the presence of structural variations. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of frenal variations in a diverse ethnic population of Sundernagar, Himachal Pradesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 500 subjects within age group of 16-40 years (285 females, 215 males)...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563206/morphological-study-of-proximal-root-grooves-and-their-influence-on-periodontal-attachment-loss
#8
Saravpreet Kaur, Rajan Gupta, Parveen Dahiya, Mukesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: The etiology of periodontal diseases is multifactorial including both systemic and local causes. Local factors such as grooves on root surfaces contribute a great deal to the causation of periodontal diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Proximal radicular grooves were studied in 150 extracted maxillary and mandibular anterior teeth. Periodontal attachment loss was measured after staining the root surfaces with 0.1% toluidine blue stain. The relationship of the presence and absence of grooves with periodontal attachment loss was also studied...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563205/a-comparative-evaluation-to-assess-the-efficacy-of-5-sodium-fluoride-varnish-and-diode-laser-and-their-combined-application-in-the-treatment-of-dentin-hypersensitivity
#9
Isha Suri, Poonam Singh, Quaid Johar Shakir, Arvind Shetty, Ranjeet Bapat, Roshani Thakur
BACKGROUND: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is an age old complaint with a great number of treatment modalities, but none of these are totally effective till date. Lasers being one of the latest treatment options in periodontics, a study was conducted to test the efficacy of diode laser (DL) in DH alone and in comparison with 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish. AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of 5% topical NaF varnish and 980 nm gallium aluminum arsenide (GaAlAs) DL alone and combination of 5% NaF + 980 nm GaAlAs DL in the management of DH...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563204/comparative-evaluation-of-probing-depth-and-clinical-attachment-level-using-a-manual-probe-and-florida-probe
#10
Amandeep Kour, Ashish Kumar, Komal Puri, Manish Khatri, Mansi Bansal, Geeti Gupta
BACKGROUND: To compare and evaluate the intra- and inter-examiner efficacy and reproducibility of the first-generation manual (Williams) probe and the third-generation Florida probe in terms of measuring pocket probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty subjects/4000 sites were included in this comparative, cross-sectional study. Group- and site-wise categorizations were done. Based on gingival index, PD, and CAL, patients were divided into four groups, i...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563203/histochemical-detection-and-comparison-of-apoptotic-cells-in-the-gingival-epithelium-using-hematoxylin-and-eosin-and-methyl-green-pyronin-a-pilot-study
#11
Aarati Nayak, Anita Raikar, Vijaylaxmi Kotrashetti, Ramakant Nayak, Sumedha Shree, Soumya Kambali
BACKGROUND: Apoptosis plays a critical role in the regulation of inflammation and host immune response. It helps in tissue homeostasis and a disturbance in this is often associated with disease. The use of histochemical stains like hematoxylin and eosin (H and E) and methyl green-pyronin (MGP) can provide a simple and cost-effective method for the detection of apoptotic cells. AIM: Study intended to analyze the expression of apoptosis in the gingival epithelium of healthy subjects and in patients with chronic periodontitis, using H and E and MGP...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563202/detection-and-comparison-of-selenomonas-sputigena-in-subgingival-biofilms-in-chronic-and-aggressive-periodontitis-patients
#12
Disha Nagpal, Shobha Prakash, Kishore Gajanan Bhat, Gagandeep Singh
BACKGROUND: With the advent of DNA-based culture-independent techniques, a constantly growing number of Selenomonas phylotypes have been detected in patients with destructive periodontal diseases. However, the prevalence levels that have been determined in different studies vary considerably. AIM: The present study was undertaken to detect and compare the presence of Selenomonas sputigena in the subgingival plaque samples from generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP), chronic generalized periodontitis, and periodontally healthy patients using conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563201/prevalence-of-herpesviruses-in-gingivitis-and-chronic-periodontitis-relationship-to-clinical-parameters-and-effect-of-treatment
#13
Rucha Shah, Dhoom Singh Mehta
BACKGROUND: Assess the prevalence of herpesviruses in healthy subjects, gingivitis, and chronic periodontitis patients, to assess the relationship between the prevalence of herpesviruses and periodontal clinical parameters, and to evaluate the effect of phase-I therapy on the level of viral detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hundred patients consisting of 20 healthy subjects, 40 gingivitis, and 40 chronic periodontitis were included in the study. Clinical parameters recorded included plaque index, gingival index, sulcus bleeding index, probing depth, and clinical attachment level...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563200/microbial-contamination-of-contact-lenses-after-scaling-and-root-planing-using-ultrasonic-scalers-with-and-without-protective-eyewear-a-clinical-and-microbiological-study
#14
Rooh Afzha, Anirban Chatterjee, Shobha Krishna Subbaiah, Avani Rangaraju Pradeep
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonic scaler is a preferential treatment modality among the clinicians. However, the aerosol/splatter generated is a concern for patients and practitioners. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate contamination of contact lenses of the dentist after scaling and root planing using ultrasonic scalers with and without protective eyewear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients were randomly selected for scaling and root planing and divided into 2 groups of 15 each...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563199/evaluation-of-the-relation-between-anemia-and-periodontitis-by-estimation-of-blood-parameters-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Venkata Naga Sri Harsha Anumolu, Adusumilli Srikanth, Kusumalatha Paidi
BACKGROUND: Anemia of chronic disease is defined as anemia occurring in chronic infections, inflammatory conditions, or neoplastic disorders which are not due to marrow deficiencies or other diseases, and occurring despite the presence of adequate iron stores and vitamins. AIMS: To evaluate the relation between anemia and periodontitis by estimation of blood parameters and to assess whether periodontitis like other inflammatory conditions can lead to anemia. It is a randomized controlled clinical trial...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563198/estimation-of-interleukin-18-in-the-gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-serum-of-bengali-population-with-periodontal-health-and-disease
#16
Vineet Nair, Prasanta Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata Kundu, Satadal Das
CONTEXT: Host's immune response elicits cytokines in response to bacterial challenge. We explore role of one such cytokine interleukin-18 (IL-18) in periodontal health and disease. AIMS: IL-18 is a pro-inflammatory and tumor suppressive cytokine. Dental literatures suggest that IL-18 might have a role to play in the progression from oral health to periodontal disease. Therefore, this study was undertaken to elucidate the level and role of IL-18 in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and serum of individuals with healthy gingiva, chronic gingivitis, chronic periodontitis, and aggressive periodontitis before and after periodontal therapy...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563197/correlation-of-alkaline-phosphatase-activity-to-clinical-parameters-of-inflammation-in-smokers-suffering-from-chronic-periodontitis
#17
Vishakha Grover, Ranjan Malhotra, Anoop Kapoor, Rupika Bither, Sonia Sachdeva
CONTEXT: Current clinical periodontal diagnostic techniques emphasize the assessment of clinical and radiographic signs of periodontal diseases which can provide a measure of history of disease. Hence, new methodologies for early identification and determination of periodontal disease activity need to be explored which will eventually result in expedited treatment. AIM: To evaluate the correlation of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) to clinical parameters of periodontal inflammation in smokers with chronic periodontitis...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563196/comparison-of-serum-erythropoietin-levels-in-smokers-and-nonsmokers-with-periodontitis-a-biochemical-study
#18
Vatsala Singh, Abhishek Singh Tanwar, Arathi Shital Hungund, Shital Ajit Hungund, Chaitra Nagaraja
AIMS: This study was carried out to compare serum erythropoietin (Epo) levels in smokers and nonsmokers with periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one subjects of both sexes (age range: 30-65 years) with chronic periodontitis (CP) participated in this study. Seventeen patients with generalized CP, nonsmokers without anemia were included in Group I (control group), 17 patients with generalized CP, nonsmokers with anemia were included in Group II, and 17 patients who were smokers, having generalized CP were included in Group III...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563195/effects-of-scaling-and-root-planing-on-gingival-crevicular-fluid-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-level-in-chronic-periodontitis-patients-with-and-without-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinicobiochemical-study
#19
Jayaraj Jishnu Pannicker, Dhoom Singh Mehta
AIM: To estimate the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in periodontally healthy controls and chronic periodontitis (CP) patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM) and also to investigate the effect of scaling and root planing (SRP) on the GCF VEGF level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and five patients were divided into three groups: Healthy (Group 1), CP (Group 2), and CP with DM (Group 3). Group 2 and Group 3 patients underwent SRP planning, and the cases were followed for 6 weeks...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563194/accuracy-and-precision-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-periodontal-defects-measurement-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Enas Anter, Mohammed Khalifa Zayet, Sahar Hosny El-Dessouky
Systematic review of literature was made to assess the extent of accuracy of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) as a tool for measurement of alveolar bone loss in periodontal defect. A systematic search of PubMed electronic database and a hand search of open access journals (from 2000 to 2015) yielded abstracts that were potentially relevant. The original articles were then retrieved and their references were hand searched for possible missing articles. Only articles that met the selection criteria were included and criticized...
May 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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