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Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769776/root-coverage-with-buccal-fat-pad-placed-on-restored-cervical-abrasion-case-report-with-three-year-follow-up
#1
Harpreet Singh Grover, Sagrika Shukla, Ashi Chug, Kuldeep Singh
A patient was reported with Class II gingival recession (GR) of 5 mm. After restoring abrasion with glass ionomer cement, a full-thickness flap was raised and using blunt dissection through the buccinator and loose surrounding fascia buccal fat pad (BFP) was exposed into the mouth. It was easily spread over the maxillary roots of 14, 15, and 16. It was secured and immobilized using sutures. Postoperatively, the patient did not report swelling or trismus. At 3-year postoperative, gingival margin was at cementoenamel junction, stable and healthy and did not show any recession...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769775/primary-gingival-tuberculosis-in-pregnancy-a-rare-combination
#2
Shweta Sharma, Abdul Ahad, Narinder Dev Gupta, Vivek Kumar Sharma
Tuberculosis (TB), a common chronic-specific granulomatous disease, has become rare in the developed countries. However, it is still a common cause of morbidity and mortality in India. Although it commonly involves the lungs, its presentation in the oral cavity is quite uncommon. The very rare incidence of primary gingival TB, particularly in the absence of active pulmonary involvement often leads to misdiagnosis. Clinical features of oral lesions may include ulceration, nodules, granulomas, and fissures. TB in pregnant women is a major cause of obstetric complications and increased risk of maternal and child mortality...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769774/simultaneous-occurrence-of-pyogenic-granuloma-at-multiple-sites-associated-with-bone-loss-report-of-a-rare-case
#3
Gatha Mohanty, Rinkee Mohanty, Anurag Satpathy
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a reactive hyperplasia of connective tissue that occurs in response to low-grade local irritation, traumatic injury, foreign materials, or hormonal causes and rarely associated with bone loss. Although solitary PG is a common lesion in the orofacial region, presence of multiple such lesions at the same time with associated bone loss is rare. In addition, repeated recurrences of such lesions sometimes frustrate the clinician. This article presents a rare case of simultaneous occurrence of PG at multiple sites associated with bone loss in a young female and its management...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769773/regular-oral-screening-and-vigilance-can-it-be-a-potential-lifesaver
#4
Madhu Singh Ratre, Ruchi Gulati, Shaleen Khetarpal, Ajay Parihar
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignant neoplasm of myeloid series defined by the presence of immature blast cells (>30%) in peripheral circulation. Oral manifestations are the potential indicators of systemic health and disease. Oral cavity is the frequently and early involved sites in AML. Gingival overgrowth due to leukemia is one such condition encountered by periodontists. Hence, understanding, identifying, and correlating oral manifestations with systemic diseases are the ultimate responsibility of every dental clinician because of its lethal and unpredictable course...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769772/oral-hygiene-status-gingival-status-periodontal-status-and-treatment-needs-among-pregnant-and-nonpregnant-women-a-comparative-study
#5
Meena Kashetty, Sagar Kumbhar, Smita Patil, Prashant Patil
Objectives: The gingival and periodontal changes during pregnancy are well known. Gingivitis is the most prevalent oral manifestations associated with pregnancy. The hormonal and vascular changes that accompany pregnancy are known to exaggerate the inflammatory response to the local irritants. Hence, a study was designed to assess oral hygiene status, gingival status, periodontal status, and treatment needs (TNs) among pregnant and nonpregnant women. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 120 pregnant and 120 nonpregnant women of 18-44 years age attending the Outpatient Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Government Hospital of Belgaum city, Karnataka, India...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769771/evaluation-of-diode-laser-and-stannous-fluoride-in-the-treatment-of-root-sensitivity-after-access-flap-surgery-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Chetan Purushottam Raut, Kunal Sunder Sethi, Bhagyashree Kohale, Alefiya Mamajiwala, Ayushya Warang
Background: Postsurgical root sensitivity has always been an enigma to the periodontists. There is a plethora of evidence suggesting the presence of root sensitivity following periodontal flap surgical procedures. Thus, the aim of the present study was to compare and evaluate the effect of low-power diode lasers with and without topical application of stannous fluoride (SnF2 ) gel in the treatment of root sensitivity and also evaluate whether laser creates any placebo effect in the control group or not...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769770/clinical-and-histological-evaluation-on-application-of-platelet-concentrates-on-depigmented-gingival-epithelium
#7
Koel Debnath, Anirban Chatterjee
Background: The platelet concentrate is a windfall in the field of regenerative therapy in periodontology. It accelerates wound healing by excellent neovascularization and promoting fast cicatricle tissue remodeling. Aim: This study aims to evaluate clinically and histologically accelerated effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane and PRF matrix (PRFM) following depigmentation procedure. Materials and Methods: Eleven individuals were divided into three groups after depigmentation procedure...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769769/evaluation-of-periosteum-eversion-and-coronally-advanced-flap-techniques-in-the-treatment-of-isolated-miller-s-class-i-ii-gingival-recession-a-comparative-clinical-study
#8
Koel Debnath, Anirban Chatterjee
Aim: The present investigation aimed to evaluate root coverage (RC) with periosteum eversion technique (PET) using periosteum as a graft and coronally advanced flap (CAF) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane as a graft in the treatment of isolated Miller's class I and II gingival recession defects. Materials and Methods: Thirty sites in 15 participants with Miller's Class I or II gingival recession were randomly treated either with PET using periosteum as graft and CAF + PRF as graft...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769768/application-of-bioelectric-effect-to-reduce-the-antibiotic-resistance-of-subgingival-plaque-biofilm-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Padmini Hari, Kranthi Raja Kacharaju, Naveen Anumala, Krishnanjaneya Reddy Pathakota, Jayakumar Avula
Context: Biofilms are known for their antimicrobial resistance, and so is the subgingival plaque biofilm, the primary etiologic factor for periodontal infections. Aims: The objective of this study is to investigate if the subgingival plaque biofilm resistance can be reduced using doxycycline in the presence of low-intensity electric field (bioelectric effect). Settings and Design: The study was an in vitro microbiological study. Materials and Methods: Subgingival plaque samples from chronic periodontitis patients were collected to grow subgingival plaque biofilms on hydroxyapatite disks...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769767/a-comparative-study-on-the-stress-distribution-around-dental-implants-in-three-arch-form-models-for-replacing-six-implants-using-finite-element-analysis
#10
Maryam Zarei, Mahmoud Jahangirnezhad, Hojatollah Yousefimanesh, Maryam Robati, Hossein Robati
Background: Dental implant is a method to replacement of missing teeth. It is important for replacing the missed anterior teeth. In vitro method is a safe method for evaluation of stress distribution. Finite element analysis as an in vitro method evaluated stress distribution around replacement of six maxillary anterior teeth implants in three models of maxillary arch. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, using ABAQUS software (Simulia Corporation, Vélizy-Villacoublay, France), implant simulation was performed for reconstruction of six maxillary anterior teeth in three models...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769766/fenugreek-diabetes-and-periodontal-disease-a-cross-link-of-sorts
#11
Gopalakrishnan Sundaram, Theyagarajan Ramakrishnan, Harinath Parthasarathy, Manoj Raja, Samuel Raj
Aims: The aim of this study was to observe the sequelae of fenugreek adjunctive to nonsurgical periodontal therapy and its comparison to a group treated with scaling and root planing (SRP) and metformin alone by assessing their respective effects on periodontal parameters, glycemic status, and serum lipid levels. Materials and Methods: The study comprised eighty patients who were further divided into two groups. Each group consisted of 40 patients. Group 1 consisted of uncontrolled noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients with chronic generalized periodontitis, who received SRP and treatment with metformin...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769765/comparison-of-serum-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-levels-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-individuals-with-and-without-chronic-periodontitis-a-biochemical-study
#12
Sivasankari Thilagar, Ramakrishnan Theyagarajan, Uma Sudhakar, Snophia Suresh, Parthiban Saketharaman, Nizar Ahamed
Background: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) is indicated to play a major function in chronic inflammatory disorders. Objective: To assess and compare the cytokine level (TNF-α) in the serum of chronic periodontitis (CP), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), RA with CP, and healthy volunteers. Materials and Methods: This original research was carried out on 80 participants, divided into Group-I 20 RA patients, Group-II 20 CP patients, Group III 20 RA with CP (RA + CP), and Group IV 20 healthy volunteers...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769764/association-of-pentraxin-and-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-as-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-patients-with-chronic-periodontitis-and-peripheral-arterial-disease
#13
Ramanarayana Boyapati, Srikanth Chinthalapani, Arpita Ramisetti, Shyam Sunder Salavadhi, Radhika Ramachandran
Context: Inflammation is a common feature of both peripheral artery disease (PAD) and periodontal disease. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between PAD and periodontal disease by examining the levels of inflammatory cytokines, pentraxin-3 (PTX-3), and high-sensitive C-reactive protein from serum. Materials and Methods: A total of 50 patients were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients were divided into two groups: those with PAD (test group) and those with the non-PAD group (control group) based on ankle-brachial index values...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769763/quantitative-analysis-of-mast-cell-count-and-density-in-chronic-periodontal-disease
#14
Surekha Rathod, Anubha Raj, Ishita Wanikar
Background: Mast cells play a crucial role in activation of acquired immune response to inflammatory conditions of periodontal diseases. They promote inflammation by releasing pro-inflammatory mediators and bring about angiogenesis, degeneration of the extracellular matrix, and tissue remodeling. Since there is little literature regarding the role of mast cells in periodontitis, the present study was aimed to evaluate mast cell count (MCC) and density in periodontitis. Materials and Methods: A total of eighty participants, Group I ( n = 40) healthy participants and Group II ( n = 40) participants with moderate chronic periodontitis, were included in the study...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769762/polymicrobial-synergy-and-dysbiosis-an-overview
#15
REVIEW
Hawaabi Faqeer Mohd Shaikh, Suvarna Hanmantgouda Patil, Tanvi Shyamsundar Pangam, Khushboo Vijaysinh Rathod
The oral fissure is immensely inhabited with a number of polymicrobial colonies similar to the intestinal system. Periodontitis is a dysbiotic disease resulting from deviation in subgingival Gram-positive bacteria to Gram-negative bacteria shift from Gram-positive bacteria. The development of periodontal dysbiosis occurs over a broadened timeframe, which slowly turns the symbiotic association of host and microbe to pathogenic. This review highlights a recent paradigm of periodontitis progression has been postulated which challenges the traditional concept of periodontitis being induced by few particular periopathogens such as belonging to red complex, but by a more comprehensive dysbiotic-synergistic community...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769761/research-to-reality-have-we-succeeded-in-propagating-the-message-of-periodontal-and-systemic-interlink
#16
Abhay Kolte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769760/is-impact-the-factor-that-matters%C3%A2-part-i
#17
EDITORIAL
Ashish Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568179/management-of-multiple-recession-defects-in-esthetic-zone-using-platelet-rich-fibrin-membrane-a-36-month-follow-up-case-report
#18
Prabhjeet Singh, Sagrika Shukla, Kuldeep Singh
A patient undergoing orthodontic treatment presented with multiple recession defects in maxillary anterior region. After thorough clinical examination and assessment, measurements were recorded. Maxillary anterior teeth with recession defects of 3-4 mm were treated with coronally advanced flap and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane. Regular follow-up was maintained for the patient at 3, 6 , 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months. After 36 months, significant root coverage of 100 percent was observed in four defects and 50% coverage in one defect...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568178/triangular-coronally-advanced-flap-conventional-versus-microsurgery
#19
Nashra Kareem, Jaideep Mahendra, Kanakamedala Anil Kumar
Several surgical techniques including pedicle flaps and free soft-tissue grafts have been indicated for the treatment of gingival recession defects with different success rates. Localized gingival recessions can be managed with various root coverage procedures, more specifically, using the coronally advanced flap with distinct designs. Predictable and consistent periodontal plastic surgical results can be achieved by using microsurgical instruments. Periodontal microsurgery involves the use of magnifying devices, microsurgical instruments, and materials in existing basic surgical techniques...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568177/multidisciplinary-prognostic-transition-of-a-molar-tooth-for-long-term-survival
#20
Arun Kumar, Ashish Kumar, Komal Puri, Mansi Bansal, Manish Khatri, Puneet Batra
Patients with periodontitis may have one or few teeth with hopeless prognosis, which would have to be extracted before initiation of orthodontic therapy. Periodontal therapy aims to prolong the lifespan of dentition, as preserving natural dentition is always the best treatment option. The decision to retain a tooth is always based on the probability of long-term success of one or more treatment modality. A 17-year-old female patient seeking fixed orthodontic treatment presented with the left mandibular first molar tooth (36) having hopeless periodontal prognosis with advanced primary periodontal and secondary endodontic lesion, grade III mobility, and grade II furcation involvement...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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