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Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

Sahitya Sanivarapu, Pavan Kumar Addanki, Rajababu Palaparty, Chaitanya Adurty
Periodontally accelerated osteogenic orthodontics (PAOO) is a clinical procedure that incorporates selective corticotomy, particulate grafting, and application of optimal orthodontic forces. It reduces treatment time, increases stability of teeth, and prevents relapse of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM). The present case report highlights the technique and principles of PAOO for rapid OTM.
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Mihir Raghavendra Kulkarni, Leena Gangadhar Shettar, Purva Vijay Bakshi, Srinath Lakshman Thakur
Bleeding from the palatal donor site is a worrisome complication of palatal soft tissue harvesting procedures and leads to considerable stress to both the patient and the surgeon. Several methods to control palatal hemorrhage have been suggested in literature, including a palatal suture, but a precise protocol has not been suggested. The present case report aims to suggest a protocol for the greater palatine compression suture (GPCS). Five patients who experienced profuse bleeding from the palatal free gingival graft donor site were treated with the GPCS...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Manjunath Mundoor Dayakar, Abdul Waheed, Hiranya Shivananda Bhat, Prakash Pai Gurpur
Healing of extraction socket leads to the dimensional changes which will affect the placement of the implant and its emergence profile. Atraumatic extraction, socket preservation technique, and immediate implant placement decrease the alveolar bone resorption by maintaining the postextraction socket. Hürzeler et al . introduced socket-shield technique by keeping a buccal fragment of the tooth to prevent the buccal cortical bone from resorption. This case report represents a 40-year-old male patient with grossly decayed maxillary left lateral incisor indicated for extraction replaced with an immediate implant...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Rohini Govindasamy, Mohan Narayanan, Venkateswarapurm Rengaswami Balaji, Manikandan Dhanasekaran, Karthikeyan Balakrishnan, Ananthi Christopher
Background: The prevalence of oral disease during pregnancy affects the health of the fetus and mother. The interdisciplinary protocol between general dentists (GDs), gynecologists, and general medical practitioners (GMPs) is proved to reduce the incidence of maternal and neonatal complications. Aim: The aim of the present survey is to assess the knowledge, awareness, and attitude of practicing gynecologists, GMPs, and GDs regarding the association of periodontitis and adverse pregnancy outcomes...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Anu Bhatia, Rajinder Kumar Sharma, Shikha Tewari, Satish Chander Narula, Hitesh Khurana
Background: A wide variety of drugs have the potential to affect immune and inflammatory responses of periodontium. A class of antidepressant drug, selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, has shown anti-inflammatory function. The aim of the present study is to explore the effect of desvenlafaxine on clinical periodontal parameters in patients with chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: The patients were divided into two groups as follows: test group ( n = 63) comprised of participants on 50 mg once-daily dose of desvenlafaxine for ≥2 months and control group ( n = 72) included participants who were yet to be prescribed medication for depression...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Gangadevi Murugesan, Kulur Mukhyaprana Sudha, Malathi Krishnamurthy Subaramoniam, Trayambak Dutta, Karukkupalayam Ramasamy Dhanasekar
Context: The role of synbiotic in the management of aggressive periodontitis (AP) is not well established. Aim: We designed this study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of synbiotic as an add-on therapy in the management of AP. Settings and Design: This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients with AP were randomized to two groups of 30 each. Study group received standard treatment, i...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Shaila Kothiwale, Jyoti Ajbani
Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of chorion as a barrier membrane in periodontal pocket therapy by assessing interleukin-11 (IL-11) level in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF). Materials and Methods: The study was a randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical trial with split-mouth design. In each patient, two sites in two quadrants were selected and randomly allocated in Group 1 (flap surgery) and Group 2 (flap surgery + chorion membrane placement)...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Ammu Varghese, Harsha Mysore Babu, Pallavi Nanaiah Kukkera
Background: Herbal products are widely substituting synthetic antimicrobials due to their minimal adverse effects and cost-effectiveness. Murraya koenigii (curry leaf) is an easily available green leafy vegetable, which is known for their antimicrobial, antioxidative, and cytotoxic activity. However, no published literature available evaluates their effectiveness in treating gingival inflammation. This study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of M. koenigii mouthwash in reduction of plaque and gingivitis in comparison with commercially available chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Bhagyashree Rajendra Kohale, Amit Arvind Agrawal, Chetan Purushottam Raut
Background: Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is based on the principle of biostimulation or biomodulation effect. LLLT after gingivectomy has resulted in better wound healing because of its action on collagen synthesis, angiogenesis, and growth factor release. Aim: The aim of this split-mouth controlled clinical trial was to assess the effect of LLLT, using diode laser (InGaAsP), on wound healing and patients' response after scalpel gingivectomy. Materials and Methods: Forty patients with gingival enlargement in the maxillary and mandibular anterior region (bilaterally symmetrical) were included in the study...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Banafsheh Poormoradi, Shahrzad Tamasoki, Armaghan Shahbazi, Amirarsalan Hooshyarfard, Farshid Vahdatinia, Faeze Behgozin, Lili Tapak
Introduction: During orthodontic treatment, patients are expected to undergo consistent periodic prophylaxis as a result of complexities in oral hygiene. The aim of this study was to investigate, analyze, and compare the effectiveness of two professional prophylaxis systems of rubber cup polishing (RCP) and air-powder polishing (APP) in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment based on different levels of plaque and pigment on teeth and the extent of attachment of brackets after prophylaxis...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Koel Debnath, Anirban Chatterjee
Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess the clinical and radiographical parameters in horizontal bone defects in patients with chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: In this randomized, controlled clinical trial study, nine individuals with 94 sites having moderate to deep periodontitis were selected and distributed to Group A - open flap debridement (OFD), Group B - open flap debridement and intra marrow penetration (OFD + IMP) and Group C - Open flap debridement + Intramarrow penetration + platelet rich fibrin matrix (OFD + IMP + PRFM)...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Dharmarajan Gopalakrishnan, Preston Dallas Miller, Amit Vasant Mahuli, Sidharthan Sangamithra, Prathip Phantumvanit, Borvornwut Buranawat
Aim and Objective: The aim of this study was to prospectively determine and establish the periodontal prognosis of diseased molars in diabetic patients using the Miller-McEntire Periodontal Prognostic Index (MMPPI) with an additional criterion for diabetes (changes in glycosylated hemoglobin levels), at 2-year postperiodontal therapy. Materials and Methods: A sample of 200 molars in 25 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and chronic periodontitis were evaluated...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Ravi Tejeshwar Reddy, Kardhi Laxman Vandana
Introduction: The periodontal tissue reaction to variations in occlusal forces has been described in the literature wherein clinical and histologic changes are discussed that produced due to stresses in the periodontal structures. Unfortunately, these stresses are not quantified. Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the stress produced on various periodontal tissues at different occlusal loads using finite element model (FEM) study. Materials and Methods: Four FEMs of maxillary incisor were designed consisting of the tooth, pulp, periodontal ligament (PDL), and alveolar bone at the various level of bone height (25%, 50%, and 75%)...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Raya Madhat Albayati, Saif Sehaam Saliem, Lamia Hamid Al Nakib
Background: Hormonal changes in women affect bone mineral density, especially during and postmenopausal years, which leads to susceptibility to osteoporosis which interfere with implantation. Aims: This study aims to use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) viewer program to predict patients with osteoporosis which may decrease the success rate of implantation and to evaluate osteoporosis effect on the posterior mandible. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study consists of 60 Iraqi females who were divided into three groups: Group 1 consisted of 20 nonosteoporotic females aged 20-30 years as a control group, Group 2 consisted of 20 nonosteoporotic females aged 50 years and above, and Group 3 consisted of 20 osteoporotic females aged 50 years and above...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Vini Mehta, Sahana Hegde Shetiya, Pradnya Kakodkar, Chandrashekar Janakiram, Suliankatchi Abdulkader Rizwan
Objective: The aim of this study was to review literature on the effects of herbal dentifrice compared to conventional dentifrice on plaque and gingival inflammation. Materials and Methods: MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and major journals were explored for studies up to September 30, 2017. A comprehensive search was designed and the articles were independently screened for eligibility by two reviewers. Randomized controlled clinical trials, in which oral prophylaxis was undertaken before the intervention was introduced into the oral cavity using toothbrush were included...
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Abhay Kolte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Ashish Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Parvathee Jayakumar, Snophia Suresh, Uma Sudhakar, Sophia Kumukcham
Coverage of the exposed root is one of the periodontal plastic surgical procedures, which is one of the important periodontal treatment modalities. The introduction of innovation in new interdisciplinary treatment modalities has allowed us the use of orthodontic button in root coverage procedures using a coronally advanced flap (CAF) to provide the initial stabilization. This case report also evaluates the effectiveness of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to detect the microvascular blood flow changes in the gingiva and alveolar mucosa where LLLT has been given after button-anchored CAF procedure during postoperative healing to detect blood flow changes of mucosa where LLLT was not given in other surgical sites...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Koel Debnath, Anirban Chatterjee
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is an inflammatory hyperplastic lesion of the oral cavity. The most common etiological factors for PG are low-grade local irritation, traumatic injury, or hormonal factors. Clinically, it appears to be smooth or lobulated exophytic lesion. It appears to be erythematous papule and is either pedunculated or has a sessile base. The lesion has shown a recurrence rate of 15.8%. Various treatment modalities have been present in the literature. The present article emphasized the treatment modalities and an effort to treat the recurrence of PG with the use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Snehal Prabhakar Deotale, Akhilesh Hemchandra Shewale, Deepti Rakesh Gattani, Aatif Iqbal Nathani, Ankur Mahesh Banode
Intentional re-implantation is the careful removal and re-insertion of an endodontically treated tooth performed with an attempt to preserve the natural dentition and patients' esthetic concerns. Its limited success rate and a possibility to obtain undesirable outcomes such as root resorption and ankylosis of the tooth restrict its clinical use to be attempted only as a last option after routine procedures. A vast array of procedures have been performed till date with inconsistent results due to lack of analogous protocols followed...
July 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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