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Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology

Shailly Luthra, Harpreet Singh Grover, Anil Yadav, Sujata Masamatti
Recession of the gingiva is defined as the stripping of a portion of the dental root surface as a result of gingival margin shifting apically. Various techniques have been advocated for root coverage. The practice of utilizing periosteal pedicle graft for covering gingival recession defects is a contemporary development. Utilizing bone grafts for hard tissue regeneration has also been implemented. This case report assesses the effectiveness of the surgical approach utilizing autogenous bone and periosteum for recession coverage...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Sanjeev Kumar Salaria, Satwant Kaur, Isha Sharma, Karthikeyan Ramalingam
Exophytic gingival lesions are more frequently encountered intraorally, out of which few are reactive in nature. Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is one of the commonly occurring reactive benign mucocutaneous lesions; exact etiopathogenesis remains unclear. Although surgical excision is the treatment of choice, sometimes it may induce residual soft defect formation which further creates an esthetic problem, root sensitivity, etc., The present case report not only describes the diagnosis and treatment of PG but also the immediate successful management of residual gingival defect in the esthetic area (which was originated as a sequel of the excisional biopsy of recurrent PG) by utilizing platelet-rich fibrin in conjunction with coronally advanced flap in single-stage surgery...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Payal Rajender Kumar, Udatta Kher
The extraction of a tooth leads to a cascade of events which results in resorption of the alveolar bone around the socket. The buccal bone loss that occurs postextraction leads to vertical and horizontal bone loss. It requires complex hard and soft-tissue reconstruction to achieve esthetically pleasing results in such cases. In the socket-shield technique (SST) the root is bisected, and the buccal two-third of the root is preserved in the socket so that the periodontium along with the bundle bone and the buccal bone remains intact...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Lata Goyal, Narinder Dev Gupta, Namita Gupta
Grinspan syndrome is a syndromic complex which comprises a triad of hypertension, diabetes, and oral lichen planus. It remains an enigmatic condition that whether it is separate entity or drug-induced lichenoid reaction emerging due to medications used to treat hypertension and diabetes. Diabetes is related to long-term hyperglycinemia leading to accelerated destruction of both nonmineralized connective tissue and bone leading to periodontitis. Moreover, there is also a possible link between cardiovascular disease and periodontitis...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Elayadath Rajagopalan Rajani, Palakunnu Padmaprabha Biswas, Rishi Emmatty
Background: Maxillary labial frenum is a dynamic structure with a diverse morphology. Although an abnormal labial frenum is associated with syndromic and nonsyndromic conditions, it is often been neglected during the routine intraoral examination. The significance of various types of frenum (normal to abnormal), based on the attachment site and morphology in different skeletal patterns, has not been studied yet. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a clinical setting on 150 participants (50 each in Class I, Class II, and Class III skeletal pattern) within the age group of 13-30 years...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Amin Rahpeyma, Saeedeh Khajehahmadi
Background: Open sinus lift is indicated in posterior maxilla when subantral bone is insufficient for insertion of dental implants. Lateral approach is the most used technique. Sometimes, this surgery is difficult due to thick buccal bone or other anatomic variations of maxillary sinus. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine cases that palatal approach open sinus lift is indicated. Settings and Design: This study was a retrospective study...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Nima Naddaf Pour, Baharak Ghaedi, Mona Sohrabi
Background: Immediate implant placement has advantages such as requiring fewer surgical procedures and decreased treatment time; however, unpredictable soft- and hard-tissue outcome is a problem. This study aimed to compare the soft-tissue esthetic outcome of single implants placed in fresh extraction sockets versus those placed in healed sockets. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, retrospective study was performed on 42 patients who received single implants...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Ashank Mishra, Zohra Lalani, Butchibabu Kalakonda, Preeti Krishnan, Ruchi Pandey, Krishnajaneya Reddy
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare anesthetic, hemodynamic, vasoconstrictive, and SpO2 variability of 0.5% ropivacaine to the "gold standard" lignocaine (2%) with epinephrine (1:80,000) during periodontal surgery. Materials and Methods: A total of 20 systemically healthy controls meeting the inclusion criteria were selected from the Outpatient Department of Sri Sai College of Dental Surgery. Preoperatively, all participants were infiltrated with 0...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Jaspreet Kaur, Shalu Chandna Bathla
Context: Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), platelet concentrate composed of cytokines and structural glycoproteins trapped within polymerized fibrin meshwork, has the potential to accelerate healing of periodontal tissues. Amnion membrane has also attracted a lot of attention in periodontal regeneration due to the presence of variety of growth factors. Aims: The aim of the study is to evaluate and compare the regenerative potential of autologous PRF with and without amnion membrane in the treatment of Grade II furcation defects...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Manvir Kaur, Yash Paul Dev Sharma, Preetinder Singh, Shivli Sharma, Ankur Wahi
Background: This study was aimed to compare the efficacy and soft tissue wound healing using diode lasers (810 nm) versus conventional scalpel approach as uncovering technique during the second-stage surgery in implants. This was a prospective, randomized study which was conducted on 20 subjects in which the implants were already placed using a two-stage technique. Implant sites were examined and the patients were randomly divided into two groups. Materials and Methods: Patients were randomly divided into two groups, i...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Chetan Purushottam Raut, Kunal Sunder Sethi, Bhagyashree Rajendra Kohale, Alefiya Mamajiwala, Ayushya Warang
Background: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has developed as an alternative treatment modality in periodontitis patients. Different photosensitizers used over the years have shown contradictory results. Thus, recently indocyanine green (ICG)-mediated photothermal therapy has emerged for the treatment of chronic periodontitis. Aim: The present study aimed at comparing and evaluating the effects of photothermal therapy using ICG in the treatment of chronic periodontitis with scaling and root planing (SRP)...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Catalina Latorre, Francina Escobar, Juliana Velosa, Daniela Rubiano, Patricia Hidalgo-Martinez, Liliana Otero
Background: Several studies have reported an association between periodontal disease and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, heterogeneity of results suggests that there is insufficient evidence to support this association. Aims: The objective of this study was to identify the association between periodontal disease and OSA in adults with different comorbidities. Settings and Design: One hundred and ninety-nine individuals (107 women and 92 men) underwent polysomnography with a mean age of 49...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Juan Manuel Guízar-Mendoza, Christian Andrea López-Ayuso, Laura Anguiano-Flores, Martha Eugenia Fajardo-Araujo, Norma Amador-Licona
Background: The crevicular fluid contains biomarkers that allow the identification of periodontal disease, anticipation of its risk, and prediction of its progression. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to correlate interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) levels in crevicular fluid with periodontal disease severity in schoolchildren. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 82 schoolchildren between 9 and 12 years...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Sudhakar Shuntikudege Suprith, Swati Setty, Kishore Bhat, Srinath Thakur
Context: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A.a) serotypes may add some important information of the pathogenetic background of periodontal infections. A.a leukotoxin is an important virulence factor in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease and its rate of progression. When compared to minimally leukotoxic strains, variants of A.a highly leukotoxic strains produce 10-20 times more leukotoxin. Aims: The aim of the present study was to detect serotypes a, b, c, d, and e of A...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Swati Verma, Ramakrishna Chevvuri, Hunny Sharma
Nanotechnology in dentistry refers to new generation research carried out to develop newer technologies, restorative materials and drugs of Nano dimensions. The word "Nano" refers to Nanoscale particles. Although the science of nanotechnology in dentistry is recent and less developed, but still has vast potential to show advancement and improvement in the field of dentistry. As nanotechnology is making firm grip in other fields such as drug delivery system and reducing toxicity by the emergence of more biocompatible materials...
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Abhay Kolte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Ashish Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Harpreet Singh Grover, Sagrika Shukla, Ashi Chug, Kuldeep Singh
A patient was reported with Class II gingival recession (GR) of 5 mm. After restoring abrasion with glass ionomer cement, a full-thickness flap was raised and using blunt dissection through the buccinator and loose surrounding fascia buccal fat pad (BFP) was exposed into the mouth. It was easily spread over the maxillary roots of 14, 15, and 16. It was secured and immobilized using sutures. Postoperatively, the patient did not report swelling or trismus. At 3-year postoperative, gingival margin was at cementoenamel junction, stable and healthy and did not show any recession...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Shweta Sharma, Abdul Ahad, Narinder Dev Gupta, Vivek Kumar Sharma
Tuberculosis (TB), a common chronic-specific granulomatous disease, has become rare in the developed countries. However, it is still a common cause of morbidity and mortality in India. Although it commonly involves the lungs, its presentation in the oral cavity is quite uncommon. The very rare incidence of primary gingival TB, particularly in the absence of active pulmonary involvement often leads to misdiagnosis. Clinical features of oral lesions may include ulceration, nodules, granulomas, and fissures. TB in pregnant women is a major cause of obstetric complications and increased risk of maternal and child mortality...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Gatha Mohanty, Rinkee Mohanty, Anurag Satpathy
Pyogenic granuloma (PG) is a reactive hyperplasia of connective tissue that occurs in response to low-grade local irritation, traumatic injury, foreign materials, or hormonal causes and rarely associated with bone loss. Although solitary PG is a common lesion in the orofacial region, presence of multiple such lesions at the same time with associated bone loss is rare. In addition, repeated recurrences of such lesions sometimes frustrate the clinician. This article presents a rare case of simultaneous occurrence of PG at multiple sites associated with bone loss in a young female and its management...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
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