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Academic Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807616/pbear-an-oral-case-presentation-tool-to-promote-diagnostic-reasoning
#1
Cristina Carter, Nicole Akar-Ghibril, Jeff Sestokas, Gabrina Dixon, Wilhelmina Bradford, Mary Ottolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797913/commercial-sexual-exploitation-and-sex-trafficking-of-children-and-adolescents-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth Barnert, Zarah Iqbal, Janine Bruce, Arash Anoshiravani, Gauri Kolhatkar, Jordan Greenbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780329/early-intervention-services-improve-school-age-functional-outcome-among-nicu-graduates
#3
Jonathan S Litt, M Maria Glymour, Penny Hauser-Cram, Thomas Hehir, Marie C McCormick
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of community-based (EI) services the on functional outcomes of high-risk infants at school age. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using data from the US Department of Education's National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study. Participants were enrolled in 1997-1998 with follow-up through 5 years and had a NICU admission, birth weight >400 grams, and gestational age >23 weeks. Kindergarten outcomes were teacher assessments of academic and physical skills compared to classmates...
August 2, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780328/impaired-patient-reported-outcomes-predict-poor-school-functioning-and-daytime-sleepiness-the-promis%C3%A2-pediatric-asthma-study
#4
Conor M Jones, Darren A DeWalt, I-Chan Huang
OBJECTIVES: Poor asthma control in children is related to impaired patient-reported outcomes (PROs; e.g., fatigue, depressive symptoms, anxiety), but less well studied is the impact of PROs on children's school performance and sleep outcomes. This study investigated whether the consistency status of PROs over time impacted school functioning and daytime sleepiness in children with asthma. METHODS: Of the 238 children with asthma enrolled in the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System® (PROMIS®) Pediatric Asthma Study, 169 children who provided survey data for all four time points were used in analysis...
August 2, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778828/lack-of-preparedness-for-pediatric-to-adult-oriented-healthcare-transition-in-hospitalized-adolescents-and-young-adults
#5
Keely Dwyer-Matzky, Amy Blatt, Barbara L Asselin, David L Wood
OBJECTIVE: We examined the self-reported preparedness of hospitalized adolescent and young adults (AYA) for transition from pediatric to adult-oriented health care in regards to; (1) previous health care transition (HCT) preparation; (2) Self-Determination Theory (SDT) constructs of health self-management autonomy and competence and (3) their perception of medical knowledge, attitudes and concerns. METHODS: From 2013-2015, 139 hospitalized patients aged 15-21 years completed a 40-item survey evaluating HCT preparation, attitudes, concerns and perception of knowledge adapted in part from validated questionnaires of the DHHS, MCHB and SDT Treatment Self-Regulation Study...
August 1, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754504/provider-communication-and-mothers-willingness-to-vaccinate-against-hpv-and-influenza-a-randomized-health-messaging-trial
#6
Kelly Donahue, Kristin Hendrix, Lynne Sturm, Gregory Zimet
OBJECTIVE: Understand the effect of a health messaging intervention focused on provider communication about vaccination on mothers' willingness to vaccinate children against HPV and seasonal influenza. METHODS: 2,476 mothers of 9-13-year-olds in the U.S. completed a Web-based survey in August 2014. Mothers were randomized to one of two groups targeting HPV or influenza vaccine. Mothers whose child had not received the target vaccine (i.e., zero doses of HPV vaccine/no prior-year administration of influenza vaccine) were randomized to the intervention...
July 25, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739535/importance-and-feasibility-of-transitional-care-for-children-with-medical-complexity-results-of-a-multi-stakeholder-delphi-process
#7
JoAnna K Leyenaar, Paul A Rizzo, Dmitry Khodyakov, Laurel K Leslie, Peter K Lindenauer, Rita Mangione-Smith
BACKGROUND: Children with medical complexity (CMC) account for disproportionate hospital utilization and adverse outcomes following discharge, and several gaps exist regarding the quality of hospital-to-home transitional care for this population. We conducted an expert elicitation process to identify important and feasible hospital-to-home transitional care interventions for CMC from the perspectives of parents and healthcare professionals. METHODS: We conducted a two-round electronic Delphi process to identify important and feasible transitional care interventions...
July 21, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739534/insurance-coverage-and-well-child-visits-improved-for-youth-under-the-affordable-care-act-but-latino-youth-still-lag-behind
#8
Alexander N Ortega, Ryan M McKenna, Jie Chen, Héctor E Alcalá, Brent A Langellier, Dylan H Roby
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether there have been changes in insurance coverage and health care utilization for youth before and after the national implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) and to assess whether racial and ethnic inequities have improved. METHODS: Data are from 64,565 youth (ages 0-17) participants in the 2011-2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). We conducted multivariate logistic regression analyses to determine how the period after national implementation of the ACA (years 2011-2013 versus years 2014-2015) was associated with health insurance coverage and utilization of health care services (well-child visits, having visited an emergency department, and having visited a physician, all in the past 12 months), and whether changes over the pre- and post-ACA periods varied by race and Latino ethnicity...
July 21, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729127/variation-in-safe-sleep-and-breastfeeding-practices-among-non-hispanic-black-mothers-in-the-us-according-to-birth-country
#9
Margaret G K Parker, Eve R Colson, Lauren Provini, Denis V Rybin, Stephen M Kerr, Timothy Heeren, Michael J Corwin
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in safe sleep and breastfeeding practices among US non-Hispanic black (NHB) mothers according to birth country METHODS: We analyzed NHB mothers that were surveyed regarding safe sleep and breastfeeding practices when their infants were 2-6 months of age in 2011-14, as part of a larger national study. We examined prevalences of safe sleep and breastfeeding practices according to birth country and examined odds of adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics recommended safe sleep and breastfeeding practices in foreign born NHBs, compared to US born NHBs...
July 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723589/types-of-objects-in-the-sleep-environment-associated-with-infant-suffocation-and-strangulation
#10
Christopher E Gaw, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Jonathan Midgett, Kyran Quinlan, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the circumstances of death and types and roles of objects present in the sleep environment at the time of death for infants who died from suffocation or strangulation during sleep. METHODS: This study analyzed 1,736 reported incidents of accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed (ASSB) of infants younger than one year of age. These fatalities occurred from 2000 through 2012 and were reported to the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723588/shared-decision-making-with-parents-of-acutely-ill-children-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Paul L Aronson, Eugene D Shapiro, Linda M Niccolai, Liana Fraenkel
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) has mostly been used with adults and parents in the primary care setting, and there is limited knowledge on the use of SDM with parents of acutely ill children. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on SDM with parents in the management of acutely ill children. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov for English language studies published from the time of database inception to February, 2017...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723587/evaluation-of-an-electronic-clinical-decision-support-tool-for-incident-elevated-bp-in-adolescents
#12
Elyse Olshen Kharbanda, Stephen E Asche, Alan Sinaiko, James D Nordin, Heidi L Ekstrom, Patricia Fontaine, Steven P Dehmer, Nancy E Sherwood, Patrick J O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, among adolescents 10-17 years with an incident hypertensive BP (≥95(th) percentile) at a primary care visit, whether TeenBP, a novel electronic health record (EHR) linked clinical decision support tool (CDS), improved recognition of elevated BP and return for follow-up BP evaluation. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic cluster randomized trial in 20 primary care clinics in a large Midwestern medical group. Ten clinics received the TeenBP CDS, including an alert to remeasure a hypertensive BP at that visit, an alert that a hypertensive BP should be repeated in 1-3 weeks and patient-specific order sets...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716560/integrated-mental-health-training-for-pediatric-and-psychology-trainees-using-standardized-patient-encounters
#13
Sandra H Jee, Constance Baldwin, Rita Dadiz, Marybeth Jones, Linda Alpert-Gillis
Primary care pediatricians and psychology practitioners who co-manage mental health problems can develop interdisciplinary communication and collaborative skills from joint standardized patient encounters and debriefings, combined with brief didactics. Learners demonstrated increased confidence in shared management of behavior health problems.
July 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693977/apa-research-award-acceptance-speech
#14
Rita Mangione-Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693976/effectiveness-of-the-spirometry-360%C3%A2-quality-improvement-program-for-improving-asthma-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#15
Rita Mangione-Smith, Chuan Zhou, Michael J Corwin, James A Taylor, Fiona Rice, James W Stout
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of the Spirometry 360™ distance learning quality improvement (QI) program for enhancing the processes and outcomes of care for children with asthma. METHODS: Cluster randomized controlled trial involving 25 matched pairs of pediatric primary care practices. Practices were recruited from two practice-based research networks: the Slone Center Office-based Research Network at Boston University, Boston, MA and the Puget Sound Pediatric Research Network in Seattle, WA...
July 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668724/integrating-education-and-service-in-pediatric-residency-training-results-of-a-national-survey
#16
Jennifer C Kesselheim, Alan Schwartz, Debra Boyer
OBJECTIVES: The definition and proper role of service, as it relates to education, in the residency training experience has been long debated. This study aimed to develop definitions for service and education, delineate how each are perceived to contribute value to training, and to measure respondents' ratings of service and education using case vignettes. METHODS: We conducted a multi-site cohort survey study of pediatric residents (N=797) and program directors' (N=37) using a region-stratified sample of 2-3 participating pediatric residency programs per region...
June 28, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652070/peer-victimisation-and-academic-performance-in-primary-school-children
#17
Lisa K Mundy, Louise Canterford, Silja Kosola, Louisa Degenhardt, Nicholas B Allen, George C Patton
OBJECTIVE: Peer victimisation is a common antecedent of poor social and emotional adjustment. Its relationship with objectively measured academic performance is unclear. This study aimed to quantify the cross-sectional associations between peer victimisation and academic performance in a large population sample of children. METHODS: Eight-nine year olds were recruited from a stratified random sample of primary schools in Australia. Academic performance was measured on a national achievement test (one year of learning equals 40 points)...
June 23, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652069/facilitating-tough-conversations-using-an-innovative-simulation-primed-qualitative-inquiry-in-pediatric-research
#18
REVIEW
Ambrose H Wong, Gunjan K Tiyyagura, James M Dodington, Bonnie Hawkins, Denise Hersey, Marc A Auerbach
Deep exploration of a complex healthcare issue in pediatrics may be hindered by the sensitive or infrequent nature of a particular topic in pediatrics. Healthcare simulation builds on constructivist theories to guide individuals through an experiential cycle of action, self-reflection, and open discussion, but has traditionally been applied to the educational domain in health sciences. Leveraging the emotional activation of a simulated experience, investigators can prime participants to engage in open dialog for the purposes of qualitative research...
June 23, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625711/why-parents-seek-care-for-acute-illness-in-the-clinic-or-the-ed-the-role-of-health-literacy
#19
Meghan May, David C Brousseau, David A Nelson, Kathryn E Flynn, Michael S Wolf, Bryn Lepley, Andrea K Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To explore the decision to seek care and decision-making regarding location of care among parents with low and adequate health literacy. METHODS: Parents of children ≤ 8 years old presenting for 'sick child' visits at a clinic or a non-urgent ED visit (triage level 5) were interviewed. The Newest Vital Sign (NVS) categorized parental health literacy. Interviewers followed a semi-structured interview guide to understand 1) care-seeking for current illness and 2) choice of clinic or ED...
June 15, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610802/herbal-medicine-in-children-with-respiratory-tract-infection-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Dennis Anheyer, Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Felix Joyonto Saha, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicines are particularly regarded as an alternative or complement to conventional pharmaceuticals in the treatment and prevention of respiratory tract infections (RTI). OBJECTIVE: Therefore the purpose of this review was to identify evidence for herbal therapy in the treatment of RTI concerning effectiveness and safety. DATA SOURCES: Medline/PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane Library were searched through 12 February 2015...
June 10, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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