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Academic Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729127/variation-in-safe-sleep-and-breastfeeding-practices-among-non-hispanic-black-mothers-in-the-us-according-to-birth-country
#1
Margaret G K Parker, Eve R Colson, Lauren Provini, Denis V Rybin, Stephen M Kerr, Timothy Heeren, Michael J Corwin
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in safe sleep and breastfeeding practices among US non-Hispanic black (NHB) mothers according to birth country METHODS: We analyzed NHB mothers that were surveyed regarding safe sleep and breastfeeding practices when their infants were 2-6 months of age in 2011-14, as part of a larger national study. We examined prevalences of safe sleep and breastfeeding practices according to birth country and examined odds of adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics recommended safe sleep and breastfeeding practices in foreign born NHBs, compared to US born NHBs...
July 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723589/types-of-objects-in-the-sleep-environment-associated-with-infant-suffocation-and-strangulation
#2
Christopher E Gaw, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Jonathan Midgett, Kyran Quinlan, Gary A Smith
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the circumstances of death and types and roles of objects present in the sleep environment at the time of death for infants who died from suffocation or strangulation during sleep. METHODS: This study analyzed 1,736 reported incidents of accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed (ASSB) of infants younger than one year of age. These fatalities occurred from 2000 through 2012 and were reported to the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723588/shared-decision-making-with-parents-of-acutely-ill-children-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Paul L Aronson, Eugene D Shapiro, Linda M Niccolai, Liana Fraenkel
BACKGROUND: Shared decision-making (SDM) has mostly been used with adults and parents in the primary care setting, and there is limited knowledge on the use of SDM with parents of acutely ill children. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on SDM with parents in the management of acutely ill children. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov for English language studies published from the time of database inception to February, 2017...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723587/evaluation-of-an-electronic-clinical-decision-support-tool-for-incident-elevated-bp-in-adolescents
#4
Elyse Olshen Kharbanda, Stephen E Asche, Alan Sinaiko, James D Nordin, Heidi L Ekstrom, Patricia Fontaine, Steven P Dehmer, Nancy E Sherwood, Patrick J O'Connor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, among adolescents 10-17 years with an incident hypertensive BP (≥95(th) percentile) at a primary care visit, whether TeenBP, a novel electronic health record (EHR) linked clinical decision support tool (CDS), improved recognition of elevated BP and return for follow-up BP evaluation. METHODS: We conducted a pragmatic cluster randomized trial in 20 primary care clinics in a large Midwestern medical group. Ten clinics received the TeenBP CDS, including an alert to remeasure a hypertensive BP at that visit, an alert that a hypertensive BP should be repeated in 1-3 weeks and patient-specific order sets...
July 16, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716560/integrated-mental-health-training-for-pediatric-and-psychology-trainees-using-standardized-patient-encounters
#5
Sandra H Jee, Constance Baldwin, Rita Dadiz, Marybeth Jones, Linda Alpert-Gillis
Primary care pediatricians and psychology practitioners who co-manage mental health problems can develop interdisciplinary communication and collaborative skills from joint standardized patient encounters and debriefings, combined with brief didactics. Learners demonstrated increased confidence in shared management of behavior health problems.
July 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693977/apa-research-award-acceptance-speech
#6
Rita Mangione-Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693976/effectiveness-of-the-spirometry-360%C3%A2-quality-improvement-program-for-improving-asthma-care-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#7
Rita Mangione-Smith, Chuan Zhou, Michael J Corwin, James A Taylor, Fiona Rice, James W Stout
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of the Spirometry 360™ distance learning quality improvement (QI) program for enhancing the processes and outcomes of care for children with asthma. METHODS: Cluster randomized controlled trial involving 25 matched pairs of pediatric primary care practices. Practices were recruited from two practice-based research networks: the Slone Center Office-based Research Network at Boston University, Boston, MA and the Puget Sound Pediatric Research Network in Seattle, WA...
July 7, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668724/integrating-education-and-service-in-pediatric-residency-training-results-of-a-national-survey
#8
Jennifer C Kesselheim, Alan Schwartz, Debra Boyer
OBJECTIVES: The definition and proper role of service, as it relates to education, in the residency training experience has been long debated. This study aimed to develop definitions for service and education, delineate how each are perceived to contribute value to training, and to measure respondents' ratings of service and education using case vignettes. METHODS: We conducted a multi-site cohort survey study of pediatric residents (N=797) and program directors' (N=37) using a region-stratified sample of 2-3 participating pediatric residency programs per region...
June 28, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652070/peer-victimisation-and-academic-performance-in-primary-school-children
#9
Lisa K Mundy, Louise Canterford, Silja Kosola, Louisa Degenhardt, Nicholas B Allen, George C Patton
OBJECTIVE: Peer victimisation is a common antecedent of poor social and emotional adjustment. Its relationship with objectively measured academic performance is unclear. This study aimed to quantify the cross-sectional associations between peer victimisation and academic performance in a large population sample of children. METHODS: Eight-nine year olds were recruited from a stratified random sample of primary schools in Australia. Academic performance was measured on a national achievement test (one year of learning equals 40 points)...
June 23, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652069/facilitating-tough-conversations-using-an-innovative-simulation-primed-qualitative-inquiry-in-pediatric-research
#10
REVIEW
Ambrose H Wong, Gunjan K Tiyyagura, James M Dodington, Bonnie Hawkins, Denise Hersey, Marc A Auerbach
Deep exploration of a complex healthcare issue in pediatrics may be hindered by the sensitive or infrequent nature of a particular topic in pediatrics. Healthcare simulation builds on constructivist theories to guide individuals through an experiential cycle of action, self-reflection, and open discussion, but has traditionally been applied to the educational domain in health sciences. Leveraging the emotional activation of a simulated experience, investigators can prime participants to engage in open dialog for the purposes of qualitative research...
June 23, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652068/epigenomic-susceptibility-to-the-social-world-plausible-paths-to-a-newest-morbidity
#11
W Thomas Boyce
This paper-presented on the celebratory occasion of Dr. Robert Haggerty's 91st birthday-describes how a 1962 article by Dr. Haggerty and his colleague Dr. Roger Meyer launched a previously unexplored, pediatric research enterprise by asserting that: "There are little precise data to explain why one person becomes ill with an infecting agent and another not." Noting a prospective association between family stressors and the acquisition of beta-hemolytic streptococcal infections, the article introduced a generation of young academic pediatricians-the author of the present paper among them-to the possibility of causal linkages among children's adversity exposures, compromised immunological processes, and the development of immune-mediated, acute or chronic diseases of childhood...
June 23, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625711/why-parents-seek-care-for-acute-illness-in-the-clinic-or-the-ed-the-role-of-health-literacy
#12
Meghan May, David C Brousseau, David A Nelson, Kathryn E Flynn, Michael S Wolf, Bryn Lepley, Andrea K Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To explore the decision to seek care and decision-making regarding location of care among parents with low and adequate health literacy. METHODS: Parents of children ≤ 8 years old presenting for 'sick child' visits at a clinic or a non-urgent ED visit (triage level 5) were interviewed. The Newest Vital Sign (NVS) categorized parental health literacy. Interviewers followed a semi-structured interview guide to understand 1) care-seeking for current illness and 2) choice of clinic or ED...
June 15, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610802/herbal-medicine-in-children-with-respiratory-tract-infection-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Dennis Anheyer, Holger Cramer, Romy Lauche, Felix Joyonto Saha, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: Herbal medicines are particularly regarded as an alternative or complement to conventional pharmaceuticals in the treatment and prevention of respiratory tract infections (RTI). OBJECTIVE: Therefore the purpose of this review was to identify evidence for herbal therapy in the treatment of RTI concerning effectiveness and safety. DATA SOURCES: Medline/PubMed, Scopus and the Cochrane Library were searched through 12 February 2015...
June 10, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606859/disclosing-study-information-to-children-and-adolescents-is-what-they-want-what-their-parents-think-they-want
#14
Alan R Tait, Michael E Geisser, Lamira Ray, Raymond J Hutchinson, Terri Voepel-Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Despite the importance of child assent, there is little consensus on what information should be disclosed and what information is most important to children for decision-making. This study was designed to compare children's/adolescents' priorities for research information with the information parents believe is most important to their children. METHODS: Child-parent dyads completed separate and independent surveys regarding information (risks, benefits, etc...
June 9, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606858/comparison-of-text-messages-vs-email-when-communicating-and-querying-with-mothers-about-safe-infant-sleep
#15
Rachel Y Moon, Fern R Hauck, Ann L Kellams, Eve R Colson, Nicole L Geller, Timothy C Heeren, Stephen M Kerr, Michael J Corwin
OBJECTIVES: To assess how mothers' choice of email or text messages (SMS) to receive safe sleep communications impacts educational video viewing and responses to care practice queries. METHODS: 792 new mothers received safe sleep-related communications for 60 days following newborn hospital discharge, as part of a trial of health education interventions on infant care practices. Mothers chose email or SMS for study communications and were sent 22 short safe sleep videos and 41 queries regarding infant care practices...
June 9, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600199/financing-of-vaccine-delivery-in-primary-care-practices
#16
Mandy A Allison, Sean T O'Leary, Megan C Lindley, Lori A Crane, Laura P Hurley, Brenda L Beaty, Michaela Brtnikova, Andrea Jimenez-Zambrano, Christine Babbel, Stephen Berman, Allison Kempe
OBJECTIVES: Vaccines represent a significant portion of primary care practices' expenses. Our objectives were to determine among Pediatric (Ped) and Family Medicine (FM): 1) relative payment for vaccine purchase and administration and estimated profit margin by payer type, 2) strategies used to reduce vaccine purchase costs and increase payment, and 3) whether practices have stopped providing vaccines due to finances. METHODS: A national survey conducted April-September 2011 among Ped and FM in private, single-specialty practices...
June 6, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549746/infant-maternal-and-hospital-factors-role-in-loss-to-follow-up-after-failed-newborn-hearing-screening
#17
Maureen Cunningham, Vickie Thomson, Erica McKiever, L Miriam Dickinson, Anna Furniss, Mandy A Allison
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Completion of newborn hearing screening (NBHS) is recommended by 1 month old. Delays and loss to follow-up and documentation (LTF/LTD) after failed NBHS are common. Committees of experts have established hospital guidelines to reduce LTF/LTD. We aimed to identify maternal and infant factors associated with LTF/LTD and determine if adherence to hospital guidelines is associated with timely completion of follow-up screening. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all infants born in Colorado hospitals who failed the newborn admission hearing screen from 2007-2012 and a cross-sectional survey of NBHS coordinators at Colorado birthing hospitals...
May 23, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536086/rotational-learning-plans-rlps-introducing-programmatic-tools-and-practices-towards-meaningful-and-continuous-goal-setting-within-residency-training
#18
Raquel G Hernandez, Akshata Hopkins, Kimberly R Collins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528199/robert-j-haggerty-md-faap-a-founder-of-academic-pediatrics
#19
James M Perrin, Ellen C Perrin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511817/-the-wait
#20
Julia Michie Bruckner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 13, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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