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Musculoskeletal Surgery

N E Marshall, R A Keller, J Dines, C Bush-Joseph, O Limpisvasti
PURPOSE: Advances in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction have allowed for many progressions in postoperative management. However, there is no standardized protocol for immediate postoperative management or return to play. Our objective was to evaluate current trends in immediate postoperative and return to sport practices after ACL reconstruction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Cross sectional study, Level IV. METHODS: Surveys were obtained from four large sports fellowship alumni networks...
October 25, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
K R Rachakonda, A Nugur, N A Shekar, B Kidiyur, P Kilaru, S Gannamani, V M Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Studies have demonstrated a decrease in the incidence of late consequences and the socio-economic burden of intra-articular fractures of calcaneum when treated by surgical fixation. Operative management of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures (DIACF) pose significant challenges such as technical difficulty, wound healing and long-term pain and disability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients presenting to the ER with DIACF over a period of 2 years and matching the inclusion criteria were enrolled in the study...
October 23, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
S C Tay, M Q H Leow, E S Tan
AIM: This study reviews the surgical outcomes of using dorsal buttress plate for open reduction and internal fixation of ulnar (5th, or 4th and 5th) CMCJ fracture subluxation or dislocations. METHODS: A retrospective review of 11 patients at our center who underwent operative fixation with dorsal buttress plating technique was performed. The surgery was performed between February 2012 and March 2017. Outcome measurements include radiographic evaluation of time to union, grip strength, and range of motion of the wrist...
October 22, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
M N J Keizer, E Otten
Anterior tibia translation (ATT) is mainly prevented by the anterior cruciate ligament. Passive ATT tests are commonly used to diagnose an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, to select patients for an ACL reconstruction (ACLR), and as an outcome measure after an ACLR. The aim of this review was to present an overview of possible factors determining ATT. A second purpose was to give a summary of the ATT measured in the literature in healthy, ACL-injured and ACLR knees and a comparison between those groups...
October 16, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
L Busanelli, F Castagnini, B Bordini, S Stea, P P Calderoni, A Toni
BACKGROUND: Reconstructions in case of acetabular bone loss in hip revision arthroplasty are challenging. A few techniques have been proposed, with inconstant outcomes. Biological reconstructions using bone allografts may address the acetabular bone loss and restore the hip anatomy. Aim of this work was the description of the surgical technique and the evaluation of the outcomes using a regional arthroplasty register. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Minor or massive bone allografting was performed in hip revision arthroplasties in a tertiary center...
October 16, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
A Andreacchio, F Alberghina, L Marengo, F Canavese
The main objective of this paper is to review the current literature on treatment of tibial and femur fractures in children and adolescents guided by body weight in patients weighing 50 kg (110 lb) or more. A secondary aim of this mini-review was to determine, as per literature review, whether weight  > 50 kg (110 lb) is an identifiable factor associated with increased complication rate. A search of the PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews databases from 1954 to September 2017 was performed to identify papers related to pediatric tibia and femur fractures in children weighing more than 50 kg (110 lb)...
October 11, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
R Papalia, G Torre, G Papalia, M H Baums, P Narbona, V Di Lazzaro, V Denaro
PURPOSE: To understand the role of camptocormia (increased kyphosis) and postural alteration in Parkinson's disease in the development of shoulder pathology, with a special concern for adhesive capsulitis and shoulder stiffness. METHODS: A preliminary online search was carried out, with combination of keywords including "Parkinson," "Shoulder stiffness," "Frozen shoulder," "Adhesive capsulitis," "Postural alteration," "Camptocormia"...
October 1, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
L Felli, A G Capello, S Lovisolo, F Chiarlone, M Alessio-Mazzola
Patellar instability is the pathologic condition where the patella is prone to recurrent lateral dislocation. The clinical results on large series of patients and long-term outcome of Goldthwait techniques have not been described in the literature. The aim of this systematic review is: (1) to analyze and summarize the available literature focused on Goldthwait procedure in the treatment of recurrent patellar dislocation and (2) to evaluate the clinical and functional outcomes of patients treated with this surgical procedure...
October 1, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
B Mirzashahi, A Tonkaboni, M Chehrassan, R Doosti, M J Kharazifard
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To describe oral health and hygiene as a risk factor for surgical site infection (SSI). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on patients over 18 years of age who were candidates for elective spinal surgery. The exclusion criteria were immunodeficiency, history of cancer, history of previous infection at the surgical site, cutaneous diseases and long-term use of corticosteroids...
September 29, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
M Severyns, P Carret, L Brunier-Agot, M Debandt, G A Odri, J-L Rouvillain
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, interests in minimal incision surgery have been growing. Theoretically, this kind of procedure could decrease time to recovery and rehabilitation, with a reduction in morbidity. The present study assessed clinical and radiological outcomes and complications of percutaneous surgery for mild-to-moderate hallux valgus using Reverdin-Isham and Akin osteotomies without fixation after 60 months of follow-up. METHODS: A series of 48 patients (57 cases) with medium-to-moderate hallux valgus underwent the same percutaneous surgery, between 2003 and 2011...
August 27, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
A Kornuijt, D Das, T Sijbesma, L de Vries, W van der Weegen
INTRODUCTION: The etiology of the stiff knee after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is largely unknown, although excessive scar tissue due to arthrofibrosis is an important reason for a limited range of motion (ROM) after this procedure. Persistent limited ROM after TKA results in poor patient-reported outcomes and is increasingly becoming a more prominent reason for TKA revision surgery. METHODS: A narrative review of current literature on manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) after TKA analyzing etiology and risk factors for stiffness after TKA, effectiveness of MUA and what is known about rehabilitation after MUA...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
A Tecame, M Ferrari, B Violante, G Calafiore, R Papalia, P Adravanti
PURPOSE: This study is aimed to investigate the effects of the choice of femoral and tibial components on several mechanical outputs that might be associated with total knee replacement surgery outcomes using a validated computational model: the Kansas knee simulator. METHODS: Two models from the same range of implants were taken into account: Model 1, the femoral component fitted the femoral epiphysis, with physiological positioning of the articulating surface using a 10-mm-thick tibial component, and in Model 2, the femoral component was 4 mm smaller than in Model 1, and a 14-mm-thick tibial component was used with a similar tibial resection and the tibio-femoral joint line was 4 mm more proximal to compensate the increased posterior bone resection and maintain proper soft-tissue tension in flexion...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
S P Mohanty, M Pai Kanhangad, S N Bhat, S Chawla
PURPOSE: To assess the pedicle morphology in the lower thoracic and lumbar spine in an Indian population and to determine the causes of pedicle wall violation by pedicle screws. METHODS: Computerised tomographic scans of 135 consecutive patients with thoracolumbar and lumbar spine fractures were prospectively analysed to determine the pedicle morphology. The transverse pedicle angle, pedicle diameter and screw path length at 527 uninjured levels were measured. Post-operative CT scans of 117 patients were analysed to determine the accuracy of 468 pedicle screws at 234 vertebrae...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
S Caravelli, M Mosca, S Massimi, C Pungetti, A Russo, M Fuiano, G Catanese, S Zaffagnini
Hallux rigidus, Latin for Stiff Toe, is characterized by an osteoarthritic degeneration of the articular surfaces of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. The aim of this literature narrative overview is to summarize and expose the great amount of management concepts and information, including the well-codified operative procedures and the more up to date knowledge about non-operative and surgical treatment of hallux rigidus. This may provide current information for physicians, medschool attendants and researchers...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
A J Rush, P D Patel, S Shemesh, T K Subhawong, J Pretell-Mazzini
A systematic review of the cases documented in the literature regarding Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumor of soft parts (PHAT) was performed in order to identify (1) location on presentation (2) surgical treatment modality (3) recurrence rate (4) any associations between location, age, histology, surgery type on recurrence. A systematic review of medical literature listed on PubMed was conducted identifying any prior case report and/or case series of diagnosed PHAT, with no exclusion based on language or time...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
C Iorio, R M Lanzetti, D Lupariello, A Vadalà, M Fabbri, A Ciompi, A Ferretti, A De Carli
PURPOSE: Some authors consider preservation of the subscapularis tendon as one of the most important elements for a successful long-term outcome in patients operated on with open capsulorrhaphy for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether vertical tenotomy of the subscapularis tendon might affect internal rotation strength recovery in patients operated on with open capsulorrhaphy for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation. METHODS: Ninety-six patients were retrospectively followed up at a mean of 72...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
A Leti Acciaro, F Pilla, C Faldini, R Adani
INTRODUCTION: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in children represents a complex challenge for the hand surgeon because of its rarity, poor patient cooperation, frequently associated malformation syndromes and mental retard, atypical symptoms and nuanced and poor sensitivity of instrumental tests. The most frequently associated causes with the CTS in children are rare congenital malformations and diseases, requiring an overall assessment of the young patient and a high degree of suspicion for the potentially associated canalicular syndrome...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
G Porcellini, A Combi, G Merolla, B Bordini, S Stea, G Zanoli, P Paladini
BACKGROUND: Implant registries have proved valuable in assessing the outcomes of arthroplasty procedures. Moreover, by identifying lesser quality implants they have indirectly improved the quality of care. The registry of prosthetic shoulder implants was established in 2008. METHODS: It records information on all types of primary and revision arthroplasty procedures involving the glenohumeral joint, including reverse and total arthroplasty, hemiarthroplasty, resurfacing, removal, and any other surgical procedures that are required to manage these patients...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
V Sabesan, J Whaley, G Petersen-Fitts, A Sherwood, M Sweet, D J L Lima, D Malone
BACKGROUND: The influence of socioeconomic status and insurance type has not been studied extensively for RCR, particularly not in the high risk massive RCT population. The purpose of this study is to identify relationships between Medicaid payer status and patient outcomes following massive RCR. METHODS: A retrospective review of shoulder surgery database identified 29 patients undergoing massive rotator cuff repair. Patients were stratified based on insurance type into two cohorts, Medicaid (14 patients) and non-Medicaid (15 patients)...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
T Abe, N Kaku, T Tabata, H Tagomori, H Tsumura
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic findings of stage 3 or lower osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) with intact acetabular cartilage in patients treated with bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA). METHODS: A total of 79 hips that underwent BHA for ONFH were included in this study. The average observation period was 7.6 years. Clinical results were evaluated using the Harris hip score. We performed radiographic analysis to assess the migration of the outer cup, the permanent image around the outer cup, and loosening of the stem...
December 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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