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Musculoskeletal Surgery

M Severyns, P Carret, L Brunier-Agot, M Debandt, G A Odri, J-L Rouvillain
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, interests in minimal incision surgery have been growing. Theoretically, this kind of procedure could decrease time to recovery and rehabilitation, with a reduction in morbidity. The present study assessed clinical and radiological outcomes and complications of percutaneous surgery for mild-to-moderate hallux valgus using Reverdin-Isham and Akin osteotomies without fixation after 60 months of follow-up. METHODS: A series of 48 patients (57 cases) with medium-to-moderate hallux valgus underwent the same percutaneous surgery, between 2003 and 2011...
August 27, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
A J Powell, O M Farhan-Alanie, I W W McGraw
PURPOSE: Simple displaced transverse olecranon fractures are traditionally managed operatively with a tension band wire device (TBW). We compared clinical outcomes, morbidity and the cost of treatment of TBW versus pre-countered low-profile locking plates for the treatment of Mayo 2A fractures. PATIENT AND METHODS: All olecranon fractures admitted to our unit between 2008 and 2014 were identified (n = 129). Patient notes and radiographs were studied from presentation to final follow-up...
July 13, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
M Scaglione, F Celli, F Casella, L Fabbri
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of tibial pilon fractures is a surgical challenge due to the particular anatomical and vascular characteristics of this area, and the severity of the injury that can compromise soft tissues. Nowadays there is no gold-standard treatment for these fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 75 patients with tibial pilon fracture type C (AO classification) treated with hybrid external fixation (Stryker TenXor® ). The surgical technique was reported...
July 5, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
B Kidiyoor, P Kilaru, K R Rachakonda, V M Joseph, G V Subramaniam, S R Sankineani, A Nugur, A V Gurava Reddy
PURPOSE: Periarticular fractures around the knee joint are treated traditionally by locking plates which provide excellent stability but suppress callus formation. Far cortical locking (FCL) screws allow axial motion and enhance uniform callus formation. Our study aims to evaluate the outcomes of FCL screws in traditional locking plate in periarticular fractures of the knee. METHODS: Thirty patients with periarticular fractures of the knee joint were operated with locking plate using FCL screws...
July 2, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
M Le Hanneur, T Lafosse, A Cambon-Binder, Z Belkheyar
PURPOSE: To describe and assess an overall surgical strategy addressing extensive proximal brachial plexus injuries (BPI). METHODS: Forty-five consecutive patients' charts with C5-C6-C7 and C5-C6-C7-C8 BPI were reviewed. Primary procedures were nerve transfers to restore elbow function and grafts to restore shoulder function when a cervical root was available; when nerve surgery was not possible or had failed, tendon transfers were conducted at the elbow while addressing shoulder function with glenohumeral arthrodesis or humeral osteotomy...
June 30, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
G Bugelli, F Ascione, G Dell'Osso, V Zampa, S Giannotti
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to follow morphological imaging characteristics and osteointegration of TruFit® bone graft substitute (BGS) plugs in cases of chondral and osteochondral defects of the articular surface of the knee joint, using high-quality cartilage-sensitive 3-T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), linked to clinical outcomes. METHODS: The MRI was used to assess osteointegration and biological evolution of the TruFit® BGS plugs in cases with minimum 5-year follow-up: The TruFit® plug was used in 46 patients for a total of 47 cases with mean age of 57...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
L Sabatini, G Nicolaci, F Atzori, A Oliva, A Aprato, M Terzolo, A Masse'
INTRODUCTION: Even if different surgical approaches for total knee arthroplasty are well known since decades, the standard medial parapatellar incision remains the most common one; general agreement about significant advantages with minimally invasive techniques is lacking. Furthermore, the surgical stress effect on the organism has always been analyzed through blood inflammatory parameters. This study aim was to compare the standard and subvastus approaches, using the salivary cortisol in particular as measure for systemic surgery-related stress...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
M Carassiti, A Di Martino, A Centonze, C C Quattrocchi, A Caldaria, F Agrò, V Denaro
PURPOSE: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of MESNA (sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate) injection into the epidural space in the FBSS. METHODS: We designed a prospective phase II longitudinal study. Six consecutive patients were enrolled. Patients underwent one peridural injection per week for 3 weeks. NRS and ODI were investigated before and 48 h after injections, and at 1 week, 1 month and 2 months after the last procedures. Opioids intake is investigated before procedures and 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after the last procedures...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
A Clavé, D G Maurer, N S Nagra, F Fazilleau, C Lefèvre, E Stindel
BACKGROUND: Lower-limb discrepancy following total hip arthroplasty is the third-most common reason for patient dissatisfaction in orthopaedic surgery. Therefore, accurate planning and evaluation methods are mandatory. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of the EOS™ system by establishing and comparing the reproducibility of lower-limb automatic and manual 3D measurements. We hypothesized that the reproducibility of the lower-limb measurements is similar regardless of the method used and with an agreement higher than 0...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
S R Sankineani, A R C Reddy, K S Ajith Kumar, K K Eachempati, A V G Reddy
PURPOSE: Pain management after total knee arthroplasty has seen many recent advances such as peripheral nerve blocks in order to improve the functional outcome and reduce morbidity after surgery. Adductor canal block (ACB) and multimodal periarticular infiltration (MPI) are two techniques that have been proven to be efficacious individually. We hypothesized that the combination of ACB with MPI would reduce pain and improve knee range of movement (ROM) compared to ACB alone. METHODS: A prospective non-randomized study was conducted from July 2015 to December 2015 in our institution in a total of 200 consecutive patients undergoing unilateral total knee arthroplasty who were either given ACB alone (Group 1, n = 100 patients) or ACB + MPI (Group 2, n = 100 patients)...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
S Caravelli, M Mosca, S Massimi, G G Costa, M Lo Presti, M Fuiano, A Grassi, S Zaffagnini
Hallux and first MTP joint have a fundamental role in the transfer of the weight-bearing load during the normal ambulation. The aim of this paper is to review and analyze the available literature about the percutaneous surgical management of the hallux valgus to highlight its strengths and weakness, also comparing with other minimal invasive techniques. A systematic search of PubMed and Google Scholar databases has been performed, covering the period between 1981 and 2016. Various combinations of the keyword terms "PDO," "hallux valgus," "bunion," "percutaneous," "surgery," "non-invasive," "minimal invasive," "burr," "osteotomy," "distal," "linear," "saw" have been used...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
J Mthethwa, A Chikate
Tibial plateau fractures form a wide spectrum of injuries presenting varying challenges to the trauma surgeon. The prognosis of this injury spectrum is largely dependent on the management of each particular configuration, and the literature is as a result littered with a number of management strategies with limited consensus. The aim of this review is to provide a concise guide to the trauma surgeon based on newer and classical peer-reviewed publications in international orthopaedic journals. A PubMed search was conducted to identify peer-reviewed publications within the last 10 years and expanded to identify classic papers pertaining to the Schatzker classification...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
S Solooki, S M Mostafavizadeh Ardestani, H Mahdaviazad, B Kardeh
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) in Iranian osteosarcoma patients and apply this to compare the functional level, quality of life, symptoms and financial burden of the patients who underwent amputation and limb-salvage operations. METHODS: This study was conducted at the main referral orthopedic centers in the southwest of Iran from 2006 to 2016...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
L S Khalil, R A Keller, N Mehran, N E Marshall, K Okoroha, N B Frisch, S P DeSilva
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study is to report the outcomes and complications in patients who underwent distal biceps tendon repair with the use of Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) as an adjunct to surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of 14 patients who underwent 15 distal biceps tendon repairs was performed. All repaired tendons had their correlating muscle bellies injected intraoperatively with a mixture of 100U of BoNT-A and 10 ml of normal saline. Each patient was evaluated for surgical and post-operative complications and followed with Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) Disability Scores...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
V Tiwari, S Gamanagatti, R Mittal, H Nag, S A Khan
BACKGROUND: Most of the information available about Legg-Calve-Perthes disease (LCPD) at present is gained through imaging modalities including plain radiographs and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). But the accuracy of MRI in this disease and its predictive value to reveal various intra-articular pathologies is not known. We correlated the findings of MRI with those seen on hip arthroscopy in children with active stage of LCPD. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in which MRI findings were correlated with corresponding findings on hip arthroscopy in a cohort of 25 patients of active LCPD below 12 years of age...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Y M Khira, S El-Aidy
PURPOSE: Clinical and radiological evaluation of the results of the technique of elevation and grafting of osteochondral marginal impaction fragment of posterior wall acetabular fractures. METHODS: Twenty patients available for this study had fracture acetabulum with marginal impaction fragment. Elevation, reduction and bone graft impaction of the defect were the technique in all cases. Follow-up was at least for 1 year. Evaluation of patient was done clinically by modified Merle d'Aubigné and Postel score and radiologically by Matta's criteria of reduction quality and that of radiological hip evaluation...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
S S Shemesh, J D Acevedo-Nieves, J Pretell-Mazzini
The need for wide local excision (WLE) versus intralesional (IL) treatment of low-grade chondrosarcomas (CS) of the appendicular skeleton remains controversial. We sought to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare different conventional types of surgical treatments for grade I CS in terms of: (1) rate of local recurrence (LR) and metastases, (2) functional outcome as measured by the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score, (3) complication rate. Eighteen studies enrolling 695 patients met our criteria...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
A Notarnicola, G Maccagnano, A Fiore, A Spinarelli, L Montenegro, M Paoloni, F Pastore, S Tafuri, B Moretti
PURPOSE: It is well known that total knee replacement surgery decreases pain and improves function, but the effect on postural assessment needs to be studied better with the use of new technological devices. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) improves motor coordination and stability of the knee. On the other hand, changing joint functionality can modify the balance. The aim of this trial is to record and analyze the static and dynamic baropodometric data of patients in the first few months following joint replacement...
August 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
S Bernardi, M Di Girolamo, S Necozione, M A Continenza, T Cutilli
PURPOSE: Bisphosphonate drug therapy provides benefits in the case of osteoporosis and carcinomas metastasizing to the bones, but it exposes patients to important side effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and the appropriate surgical treatment of bone lesions and fractures due to antiresorptive drug-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (ARONJ). METHODS: Patients presenting with osteonecrosis lesions of the jaw, who were referred to the Maxillo-Facial unit of the University of L'Aquila, were considered for inclusion...
June 14, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
G Merolla, P Paladini, G Porcellini
BACKGROUND: The self-administered Kerlan-Jobe Orthopedic Clinic (KJOC) Shoulder and Elbow questionnaire is a reliable and sensitive outcome tool to assess upper extremity athletic performance and functional changes affecting return to play in overhead athletes. We report the results of a study of return to sport in professional overhead athletes at a mean follow-up of 2 years after arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff tears and associated labral injuries using the Italian version of the score...
June 11, 2018: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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