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Musculoskeletal Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210945/mr-imaging-evaluation-of-the-postoperative-meniscus
#1
REVIEW
A Russo, R Capasso, C Varelli, A Laporta, M Carbone, G D'Agosto, S Giovine, M Zappia, A Reginelli
MR imaging has been widely evaluated in the assessment of patients with recurrent or residual symptoms following meniscal surgery. Importantly, the causes of such symptoms may relate to failure or complication of the surgical procedure, a possible recurrent or residual meniscal tear, or may be related to other causes of joint symptoms, including tears of the contralateral meniscus, or local hyaline cartilage, or marrow abnormalities subjacent to or distant to the meniscal surgical site. The complex diagnostic issues involved in the MR imaging evaluation of the postoperative meniscus were identified in early MR imaging studies...
February 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210944/postoperative-imaging-in-arthroscopic-hip-surgery
#2
REVIEW
F Di Pietto, V Chianca, R de Ritis, E Cesarano, A Reginelli, A Barile, M Zappia, L Ginolfi
Arthroscopic surgery of the hip, compared to that of the knee or the shoulder, has only recently been developed in any significant way. Current indications for arthroscopic surgery of the hip include: diagnosis and treatment of lesions symptomatic of the acetabular labrum, femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), chondral lesions, joint infections, lesions of the teres ligament, impingement of the psoas tendon, pathology of the peritrochanteric space, external snapping hip (coxa saltans), and traumatic and atraumatic instability...
February 16, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205145/is-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-feasible-treatment-option-for-failed-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-retrospective-study-of-44-cases-with-special-regards-to-stemless-and-stemmed-primary-implants
#3
M Holschen, B Franetzki, K-A Witt, D Liem, J Steinbeck
: Is reverse total shoulder arthroplasty a feasible treatment option for failed shoulder arthroplasty? A retrospective study of 44 cases with special regards to stemless and stemmed primary implants. BACKGROUND: Due to humeral or glenoid bone-loss and rotator cuff insufficiency reverse total shoulder arthroplasty often means the only remaining treatment option in revision shoulder arthroplasty. This study investigates the clinical outcome of patients treated with a reverse total shoulder in revision cases with special regard to stemless and stemmed primary implants...
February 15, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197895/follow-up-of-surgical-and-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-achilles-tendon-pathology-a-brief-diagnostic-imaging-review
#4
REVIEW
A Barile, F Bruno, S Mariani, F Arrigoni, L Brunese, M Zappia, A Splendiani, E Di Cesare, C Masciocchi
The follow-up of an operated tendon is primarily clinical, although clinical examination may not be sufficient in the presence of certain complications. The imaging techniques are of great value not only in the diagnosis of tendon pathologies, but also as an adjunct to clinical evaluation. This is particularly true in the follow-up of patients submitted to surgical tendon reconstruction, by monitoring morphological effects of different interventions and evaluating tendon healing processes. Interpretation of imaging findings requires knowledge of the imaging appearance of the operated tendon during the healing phase, to distinguish between normal postsurgical changes and real pathology, as well as knowledge of surgical technique, postoperative course (including type of prescribed therapy) and possible postoperative complications...
February 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197894/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-mr-imaging-findings
#5
REVIEW
M Zappia, R Capasso, D Berritto, N Maggialetti, C Varelli, G D'Agosto, M T Martino, M Carbone, L Brunese
More than two million people tear their anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) each year, and ACL reconstruction occupies a significant proportion of everyday orthopedic practice, being one of the most commonly performed sports medicine surgical procedures. Patients with postoperative symptoms are frequently imaged to monitor ligament grafts and to identify complications. Given the number of patients undergoing ACL reconstruction, knowledge of the potential complications of this surgery is essential for radiologists...
February 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194577/what-can-be-seen-after-rotator-cuff-repair-a-brief-review-of-diagnostic-imaging-findings
#6
REVIEW
A Barile, F Bruno, S Mariani, F Arrigoni, A Reginelli, M De Filippo, M Zappia, A Splendiani, E Di Cesare, C Masciocchi
Diagnostic imaging plays an important role in the postoperative evaluation of the rotator cuff, as pain and disability may occur or persist after treatment. Postoperative imaging is therefore of paramount importance for clinicians before planning additional treatments. Multimodality imaging of the postoperative shoulder includes radiography, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, MR arthrography, computed tomography (CT), CT arthrography, and ultrasound. Correct interpretation of imaging findings of the postoperative shoulder necessitates that the radiologist be familiar with the various treatment strategies, their possible complications and sources of failure, knowledge of normal and abnormal postoperative findings, and awareness of the advantages and weaknesses of the different imaging techniques...
February 13, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191592/what-is-the-clinical-evidence-on-regenerative-medicine-in-intervertebral-disc-degeneration
#7
REVIEW
M Basso, L Cavagnaro, A Zanirato, S Divano, C Formica, M Formica, L Felli
PURPOSE: This review aims to explore and summarize the current clinical evidence about the use of regenerative medicine such as mesenchymal stem cells or platelet-rich plasma in intervertebral disc regeneration, in order to clarify the state of art of these novel approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a research of the available literature about regenerative medicine strategies aiming to prevent intervertebral disc degeneration. All preclinical trials and in vitro studies were excluded...
February 13, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168637/percutaneous-forefoot-surgery-for-treatment-of-hallux-valgus-deformity-an-intermediate-prospective-study
#8
E Crespo Romero, R Peñuela Candel, S Gómez Gómez, A Arias Arias, A Arcas Ordoño, J Gálvez González, R Crespo Romero
BACKGROUND: This study aims to illustrate the results of percutaneous forefoot surgery (PFS) for correction of hallux valgus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of 108 patients, with hallux valgus deformity, who underwent PFS was conducted. The minimum clinical and radiological follow-up was two years (mean 57.3 months, range 22-112). RESULTS: Preoperative mean visual analog scale was 6.3 ± 1.5 points, and AOFAS scores were 50...
February 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168636/imaging-of-postoperative-shoulder-instability
#9
REVIEW
M De Filippo, A Pesce, A Barile, D Borgia, M Zappia, A Romano, F Pogliacomi, M Verdano, A Pellegrini, K Johnson
Postoperative imaging in shoulder instability is still a challenge for radiologists due to various postsurgical anatomical findings that could be considered pathologic in treated shoulder. For this reason is very important a deep knowledge about surgical procedures, anatomical changes after surgery and the appropriate diagnostic imaging modalities to work up the symptomatic postoperative shoulder. Postoperative imaging options include use conventional radiography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), MRI arthrography, computed tomography (CT) and CT arthrography...
February 6, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168635/imaging-of-post-surgical-treatment-and-of-related-complications-in-spinal-trauma
#10
REVIEW
F Caranci, G Leone, L Ugga, E Cesarano, R Capasso, S Schipani, A Bianco, P Fonio, F Briganti, L Brunese
Spinal trauma is a devastating event with a high morbidity and mortality. The rationale of imaging is to diagnose the traumatic abnormalities and characterize the type of injury, to estimate the severity of the lesions, to evaluate the potential spinal instability. In case of spinal instability, the goals of operative treatment are decompression of the spinal cord canal and stabilization of the disrupted vertebral column. Particularly, diagnostic imaging, mainly by CT and MR, has a main role in the post-treatment evaluation...
February 6, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168634/imaging-of-post-operative-spine-in-intervertebral-disc-pathology
#11
REVIEW
A Splendiani, F D'Orazio, L Patriarca, F Arrigoni, F Caranci, P Fonio, L Brunese, A Barile, E Di Cesare, C Masciocchi
This work is an imaging review of spine after surgery with special regard to imaging modality in intervertebral disc pathology. Advances in imaging technology can be evaluated. Depending on the clinical question is asked to the radiologist, it is possible to evaluate post-operative patients with conventional radiology (X-ray), computed tomography and magnetic resonance. Main indications for each technique are analysed. Imaging is important in the diagnosis of many forms of spine pathology and plays a fundamental role in evaluating post-surgical effects of treatments, according to the imaging method which is used, both on spine and on its surrounding tissues (intervertebral discs, spinal cord, muscles and vessels)...
February 6, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164254/utility-of-18f-sodium-fluoride-pet-ct-imaging-in-the-evaluation-of-postoperative-pain-following-surgical-spine-fusion
#12
D Pouldar, S Bakshian, R Matthews, V Rao, M Manzano, S Dardashti
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case review of patients who underwent 18F sodium fluoride PET/CT imaging of the spine with postoperative pain following vertebral fusion. OBJECTIVE: To determine the benefit of 18F sodium fluoride PET/CT imaging in the diagnosis of persistent pain in the postoperative spine. The diagnosis of pain generators in the postoperative spine has proven to be a diagnostic challenge. The conventional radiologic evaluation of persistent pain after spine surgery with the use of plain radiographs, MRI, and CT can often fall short of diagnosis in the complex patient...
February 6, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155066/pediatric-musculoskeletal-injuries-role-of-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#13
REVIEW
C L Piccolo, M Galluzzo, S Ianniello, M Trinci, A Russo, E Rossi, M Zeccolini, A Laporta, G Guglielmi, V Miele
Pediatric musculoskeletal system is particularly prone to traumatic and sports-related injuries, both acute and chronic, i.e., overuse injuries, because of inherent conditions of weakness, such as the open physis, representing the weakest aspect within the bone, the ligamentous supports and changing biomechanics. Being aware that a quick diagnosis is essential to preserve the good functionality of the limb involved, it is mandatory for the radiologist to recognize the most common patterns of these injuries, identifying those requiring a prompt surgery, as well as be confident with the technique performed, and be supported by an important background experience and knowledge skills...
February 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130680/acknowledgement-to-reviewers
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120283/surgical-management-of-complex-proximal-humeral-fractures-pinning-locked-plate-and-arthroplasty-clinical-results-and-functional-outcome-on-retrospective-series-of-patients
#15
I Repetto, M Alessio-Mazzola, P Cerruti, F Sanguineti, M Formica, L Felli
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare the clinical results and related complications of four different surgical treatments of complex proximal humeral fractures according to their classification and features of patients. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2011, 92 consecutive patients with diagnosis of three-four-part displaced fractures, fractures with head dislocation and head-splitting fractures were evaluated postoperatively with Constant-Murley score, disability of arm, shoulder and hand score and simple shoulder test...
January 24, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097520/extremity-fractures-associated-with-atvs-and-dirt-bikes-a-10-year-national-epidemiologic-study
#16
D J Lombardo, T Jelsema, A Gambone, M Weisman, G Petersen-Fitts, J D Whaley, V J Sabesan
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality of all-terrain vehicles and dirt bikes have been studied, as well as the association of helmet use and head injury. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the patterns of extremity fractures associated with ATVs and dirt bikes. We believe there will be unique and potentially preventable injury patterns associated with dirt bikes and three-wheeled ATVs due to the poor stability of these vehicles...
January 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064380/perioperative-factors-associated-with-hidden-blood-loss-in-intertrochanteric-fracture-patients
#17
Y Liu, Y Sun, L Fan, J Hao
BACKGROUND: The actual total blood loss after a hip fracture has been found to be considerably larger than that observed during surgery and collected in drainage postoperatively. However, no previous studies have offered reasonable explanations for the deficit between a large hemoglobin drop and a small intraoperative blood loss. The aim was to quantify blood loss associated with hip injuries and surgery, and to identify the relative risk factors for perioperative hidden blood loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine patients with a femoral intertrochanteric fracture were operated on between August 2012 and October 2013...
January 7, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050809/the-treatment-of-olecranon-fractures-in-adults
#18
REVIEW
A J Powell, O M Farhan-Alanie, J K Bryceland, T Nunn
Olecranon fractures are common. They are usually managed surgically with open reduction and either tension band wiring or plate fixation. Currently, there are few studies comparing fracture treatments. We aim to review the available literature to guide the orthopaedic surgeon on the management of these fractures. A literature review of peer-reviewed publications in international orthopaedic journals detailing olecranon fracture treatment was conducted. An additional focus was placed on the evidence base for and surgical outcomes of tension band wiring for common two-part fractures...
January 3, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040880/autologous-osteochondral-transplantation-mosaicplasty-in-articular-cartilage-defects-of-the-patellofemoral-joint-retrospective-analysis-of-33-cases
#19
T Y Emre, Z Atbasi, D T Demircioglu, M Uzun, O Kose
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the results of osteochondral autografting (mosaicplasty) in isolated articular cartilage defects of the patellofemoral joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients who underwent mosaicplasty for patellofemoral (either patella or trochlea) cartilage defects (modified Outerbridge classification: grades III and IV) of the knee joint were retrospectively reviewed. There were 25 male and 8 female patients with a mean age of 31...
December 31, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004306/arthroscopic-bankart-repair-associated-with-subscapularis-augmentation-asa-versus-open-latarjet-to-treat-recurrent-anterior-shoulder-instability-with-moderate-glenoid-bone-loss-clinical-comparison-of-two-series
#20
R Russo, G Della Rotonda, F Cautiero, M Ciccarelli, M Maiotti, C Massoni, F Di Pietto, M Zappia
PURPOSE: The treatment of chronic anterior shoulder instability with glenoid bone loss is still debated. The purpose of this study is to compare short-term results of two techniques treating chronic shoulder instability with moderate glenoid bone loss: bone block according to open Latarjet-Patte procedure and arthroscopic Bankart repair in association with subscapularis augmentation. METHODS: Ninety-one patients with moderate anterior glenoid bone loss underwent from 2011 to 2015...
December 21, 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
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