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Chuncai Yan, Ting Liu, Wei Cao, Guangjun Zhao, Wenbin Liu
The genus Cryptochironomus Kieffer, 1918 from Japan is reviewed based on material composed of male adults. New combinations of three species are established and they are re-described based on male adult of: C. misumaiprimus (Sasa & Suzuki, 1998), comb. n. , C. tokaraefeus (Sasa & Suzuki, 1995), comb. n. and C. tonewabeus (Sasa & Tanaka, 2002), comb. n. Additional taxonomic notes are also provided: C. albofasciatus (Staeger, 1839), which is a senior synonym of Parachironomus inafegeus Sasa, Kitami & Suzuki, 2001 and C...
2018: ZooKeys
Ante Vujić, Snežana Radenković, Laura Likov
This revision of material belonging to the Merodon desuturinus group from the Palaearctic Region resulted in the delimitation of four species: Merodon cabanerensis Marcos-García, Vujić & Mengual, 2007; Merodon desuturinus Vujić, Šimić & Radenković, 1995; Merodon neolydicus Vujić, nom. n. ; and Merodon murorum Fabricius, 1794. Merodon murorum is redescribed. A neotype for Merodon auripilus Meigen, 1830 is designated, which is a new junior synonym of Merodon murorum . The related Afrotropical species Merodon cuthbertsoni Curran, 1939 is re-evaluated and compared to its sibling Palaearctic taxon Merodon desuturinus ...
2018: ZooKeys
Iftekhar Rasool, Mahmoud S Abdel-Dayem, Ron F F L Felix, Hathal M Aldhafer
In this paper, species of the subtribe Dromiusina Bonelli, 1810 from southwestern Saudi Arabia are revised. Eleven species in six genera ( Calodromius , Dromius , Mesolestes , Metadromius , Microlestes , and Zolotarevskyella ) are recognized. Dromius saudiarabicus Rasool, Abdel-Dayem and Felix, sp. n. is newly described species from Rayda Nature Reserve Asir province. The presence of Metadromius ephippiatus in Saudi Arabia is doubtful. A key is also provided to genera and species level for Dromiusina of Saudi Arabia...
2018: ZooKeys
Denis Rafael Pedroso, Alessandro Ponce De Leão Giupponi, Renner Luiz Cerqueira Baptista
Two new species of Diplura C. L. Koch 1850 are described from Brazil: Diplura mapinguari sp. n. , from the state of Rondônia in southeastern Amazonia, northern Brazil, and Diplura rodrigoi sp. n. , known from southeastern and central west regions of Brazil. Diplura rodrigoi sp. n. is morphologically similar to D. lineata (Lucas, 1857), D. sanguinea (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896), and D. mapinguari sp. n. Comments on diagnostic characters of Diplura are included. The synonymy of D. maculata (Mello-Leitão, 1927) with D...
2018: ZooKeys
Yanfeng Tong, Xijin Guan, Shuqiang Li
Two new species of the genus Trilacuna Tong & Li, 2007, T. simianshan Tong & Li, sp. n. and T. songyuae Tong & Li, sp. n., are described from Simianshan Natural Reserve, Chongqing, China.
2018: ZooKeys
Hiroshi Yamasaki, Katarzyna Grzelak, Martin V Sørensen, Birger Neuhaus, Kai Horst George
Kinorhynchs rarely show a wide distribution pattern, due to their putatively low dispersal capabilities and/or limited sampling efforts. In this study, a new kinorhynch species is described, Echinoderes pterus sp. n. , which shows a geographically and bathymetrically wide distribution, occurring on the Karasik Seamount and off the Svalbard Islands (Arctic Ocean), on the Sedlo Seamount (northeast Atlantic Ocean), and on the deep-sea floor off Crete and on the Anaximenes Seamount (Mediterranean Sea), at a depth range of 675-4,403 m...
2018: ZooKeys
Jane Abigail Santiago, Maria Carmen Lagman
Tintinnids are an essential link between nano- and macro- planktons in the food webs of the marine environment. It is also known that tintinnids are one of themajor components of marine planktonic ciliates and has a cosmopolitan character. In the Philippine archipelago, which is recognized as a center of marine biodiversity, tintinnids checklist has not been done or published. Therefore, a checklist is presented in this study based on a compilation of previous tintinnids studies conducted at the Philippines waters...
2018: ZooKeys
Klára Pyšková, Ondřej Kauzál, David Storch, Ivan Horáček, Jan Pergl, Petr Pyšek
Quantitative data on local variation in patterns of occurrence of common carnivore species, such as the red fox, European badger, or martens in central Europe are largely missing. We conducted a study focusing on carnivore ecology and distribution in a cultural landscape with the use of modern technology. We placed 73 automated infra-red camera traps into four different habitats differing in water availability and canopy cover (mixed forest, wetland, shrubby grassland and floodplain forest) in the Polabí region near Prague, Czech Republic...
2018: ZooKeys
Guohua Yu, Hong Hui, Dingqi Rao, Junxing Yang
A new species of the genus Kurixalus (Anura: Rhacophoridae) is described from western Yunnan, China. Genetically the new species, Kurixalus yangi sp. n. , is closer to Kurixalus naso than to other known congeners. Morphologically the new species is distinguished from all other known congeners by a combination of the following characters: smaller ratios of head, snout, limbs, IND, and UEW to body size; male body size larger than 30 mm; curved canthus rostralis; weak nuptial pad; brown dorsal color; absence of large dark spots on surface of upper-middle abdomen; presence of vomerine teeth; gold brown iris; single internal vocal sac; serrated dermal fringes along outer edge of limbs; granular throat and chest; rudimentary web between fingers; and presence of supernumerary tubercles and outer metacarpal tubercle...
2018: ZooKeys
Jose V Pérez Santa-Rita, Joaquin Baixeras
Two new species of the neotropical genus Brusqeulia Razowski & Becker, 2000, are described and illustrated: B. yunkensis Pérez Santa-Rita & Baixeras, sp. n. from Bolivia and B. araguensis Pérez Sant-Rita & Baixeras, sp. n. from Venezuela. The systematic position and diagnostic characters of the genus are reviewed, resulting in the synonymy of Pinhaisania Razowski & Becker, 2000, with Brusqeulia , and the combination B. crispula (Razowski & Becker, 2000), comb. n. New characters of the female genitalia are discussed...
2018: ZooKeys
Michael Staab, Francisco Hita Garcia, Cong Liu, Zheng-Hui Xu, Evan P Economo
The genus Proceratium Roger, 1863 contains cryptic, subterranean ants that are seldom sampled and rare in natural history collections. Furthermore, most Proceratium specimens are extremely hairy and, due to their enlarged and curved gaster, often mounted suboptimally. As a consequence, the poorly observable physical characteristics of the material and its scarcity result in a rather challenging alpha taxonomy of this group. In this study, the taxonomy of the Chinese Proceratium fauna is reviewed and updated by combining examinations of traditional light microscopy with x-ray microtomography (micro-CT)...
2018: ZooKeys
Bing Li, Zhe Zhao, Chuntian Zhang, Shuqiang Li
A new genus of the subfamily Coelotinae F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1893, Sinodraconarius gen. n. , with four new species, S. cawarongensis sp. n. (♂♀), S. muruoensis sp. n. (♂♀), S. sangjiuensis sp. n. (♂♀, type species), S. yui sp. n. (♂♀) and S. patellabifidus (Wang, 2003) comb. n. , ex. Draconarius Ovtchinnikov, 1999 is described. The genus is restricted to Southwest China. Sinodraconarius gen. n. is most similar to Draconarius but can be distinguished by the shape of the copulatory organs. The DNA barcodes of all species were documented for future use...
2018: ZooKeys
Chao Zhang, Jochen Martens
Starengovia quadrituberculata sp. n. is described and illustrated based on male and female specimens collected in Yunnan Province, China. The new species is distinct from the two other congeners, S. kirgizica Snegovaya, 2010 and S. ivanloebli Martens, 2017, in having two pairs of low submedian tubercles on abdominal areae III and IV; distal margin of the lateral foliate wing-like structures of the penis situated close to the glans base, the short rod-like stylus, the form and position of spines on the stylus of the penis, anvil-shaped tubercles mainly on front margin of prosoma...
2018: ZooKeys
Thomas A Neubauer, Sabrina van de Velde, Tamara Yanina, Frank P Wesselingh
The present paper details a very diverse non-marine gastropod fauna retrieved from Caspian Pleistocene deposits along the Volga River north of Astrakhan (Russia). During time of deposition (early Late Pleistocene, late Khazarian regional substage), the area was situated in shallow water of the greatly expanded Caspian Sea. The fauna contains 24 species, of which 16 are endemic to the Pontocaspian region and 15 to the Caspian Sea. The majority of the species (13) belongs to the Pyrgulinae (Hydrobiidae), a group famous for its huge morphological variability in the Pontocaspian region...
2018: ZooKeys
Nathalie Yonow
This is the fifth publication describing species of sea slug heterobranchs, originally based on collections from the Red Sea by the author on four expeditions carried out in 1983 and 1990, with the addition of specimens subsequently collected by underwater photographers who were stimulated by the book "Sea Slugs of the Red Sea". So much material has been amassed that only the new species and new Red Sea records of chromodorids are described in this paper, with an appendix listing specimens of previously recorded species...
2018: ZooKeys
Chee-Chean Phung, Yuen-Zhao Yong, Mohamad Afandi Mat Said, Thor-Seng Liew
This paper presents the first land snail species checklist for Gunung Kuang (Kuang Hill), a limestone hill located next to Gunung Kanthan that is recognised as one of the most important limestone hills for its diverse land snail fauna in Kinta Valley. Samplings were carried out at five plots in Gunung Kuang. This survey documented 47 land snail species, in which six species were identified as unique to Gunung Kuang. Approximately half of the land snails from Gunung Kanthan were found in Gunung Kuang. In addition, one of six unique species from Gunung Kanthan was also found in Gunung Kuang...
2018: ZooKeys
Marshal Hedin, Shahan Derkarabetian, Jennifer Blair, Pierre Paquin
Morphological, mitochondrial, and nuclear phylogenomic data were combined to address phylogenetic and species delimitation questions in cave-limited Cicurina spiders from central Texas. Special effort was focused on specimens and cave locations in the San Antonio region (Bexar County), home to four eyeless species listed as US Federally Endangered. Sequence capture experiments resulted in the recovery of ~200-400 homologous ultra-conserved element (UCE) nuclear loci across taxa, and nearly complete COI mitochondrial DNA sequences from the same set of individuals...
2018: ZooKeys
Claire M Mugasa, Jandouwe Villinger, Joseph Gitau, Nelly Ndungu, Marc Ciosi, Daniel Masiga
Biting flies of the family Tabanidae are important vectors of human and animal diseases across continents. However, records of Africa tabanids are fragmentary and mostly cursory. To improve identification, documentation and description of Tabanidae in East Africa, a baseline survey for the identification and description of Tabanidae in three eastern African countries was conducted. Tabanids from various locations in Uganda (Wakiso District), Tanzania (Tarangire National Park) and Kenya (Shimba Hills National Reserve, Muhaka, Nguruman) were collected...
2018: ZooKeys
Christian Lukhaup, Rury Eprilurahman, Thomas von Rintelen
Two new species of the genus Cherax are described and illustrated. Cherax mosessalossa sp. n. , endemic to the Klademak Creek drainage in Sorong, in the western part of the Kepala Burung (Vogelkop) peninsula, West Papua, Indonesia, is described, figured and compared with its closest relatives, Cherax misolicus Holthuis, 1949 and Cherax warsamsonicus . The new species may be easily distinguished from both by the shape of the rostrum, the shape of the chelae, the presence of five cervical spines, the shape of the scaphocerite, and short scattered hairs on the carapace...
2018: ZooKeys
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