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Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research

Georgios D Panos, Zisis Gatzioufas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Amit Mohan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Rajesh Subhash Joshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Koushik Tripathy, Rohan Chawla, Laxman Vekaria, Yog Raj Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Parul Chawla Gupta, Jagat Ram, Madhuri Akella, Jitender Jinagal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Douglas P Dworak, Shyam A Patel, Rohini Chennuri, Daniel Falco
Purpose: To describe a case of primary atypical orbital lipomatous tumor (ALT). Case Report: A 35-year-old man presented with a two-month history of left eye proptosis and vertical diplopia. His visual acuity was 20/30 OD and 20/60 OS. External examination showed proptosis and downward displacement of the left eye with mild lid erythema. Extraocular movements were reduced in the left eye, with 10% and 70% motility in upgaze and abduction/adduction, respectively...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Sophie Bonnin, Valérie Krivosic, Emmanuel Cognat, Ramin Tadayoni
Purpose: We report the variability in flow angiogram during the course of branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) in a case imaged by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). Case Report: OCTA was performed in a patient with BRAO at initial examination and 6 hours later. Initially, the occluded retinal artery and its branches were not detected on OCTA whereas a slow perfusion was present on fluorescein angiography. Six hours after initial examination, flow was detected on OCTA image in the previously occluded artery...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Vivian Wm Ho, Vito Romano, Bernhard Steger, Stephen B Kaye
Purpose: To report two cases of spontaneous Descemet's membrane detachment (DMD) and dehiscence following penetrating keratoplasty (PK). Case Reports: Spontaneous DMD or Descemet's membrane (DM) dehiscence following PK is a rare occurrence. Here, we describe two cases of such an occurrence following PK arising from the graft-host interface. A possible causative relation between DMD/dehiscence and DM-stromal interface attachment is suggested. Conclusion: DMD and dehiscence after PK can be explained by the peripheral thinning of DM and possible changes to the recently characterized anchoring zone of interwoven collagen fibers and proteoglycans at the Descemet-stroma interface...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Amir Molaei, Vahid Karamzadeh, Sare Safi, Hamed Esfandiari, Javad Dargahi, Mohammad Azam Khosravi
Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness and vision loss in the world. Although intraocular pressure (IOP) is no longer considered the only risk factor for glaucoma, it is still the most important one. In most cases, high IOP is secondary to trabecular meshwork dysfunction. High IOP leads to compaction of the lamina cribrosa and subsequent damage to retinal ganglion cell axons. Damage to the optic nerve head is evident on funduscopy as posterior bowing of the lamina cribrosa and increased cupping...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Julie M Rosenthal, Mark W Johnson
Pregnancy leads to significant changes in the body, which potentially affect the retina. Pregnancy can induce disease, such as that seen in hypertensive retinopathy and choroidopathy. It can cause exudative retinal detachments in the HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), and provoke arterial and venous retinal occlusive disease. Pregnancy may also exacerbate pre-existing retinal disease, such as idiopathic central serous chorioretinopathy (ICSC) and diabetic retinopathy...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Jideofor K Ndulue, Kamran Rahmatnejad, Carina Sanvicente, Sheryl S Wizov, Marlene R Moster
Cyclodestructive techniques have been a treatment option for refractory glaucoma since its first use in the 1930s. Over the past nine decades, cyclodestruction has advanced from the initial cyclodiathermy to micropulse transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (MP-TSCPC) which is the current treatment available. Complications associated with cyclodestruction including pain, hyphema, vision loss, hypotony and phthisis have led ophthalmologists to shy away from these techniques when other glaucoma treatment options are available...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Sabyasachi Bandyopadhyay, Samir Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Jaya Biswas, Mita Saha Dutta Chowdhury, Asim Kumar Dey, Asim Chakrabarti
Purpose: To study the demographic profile, severity and causes of visual impairment among registered patients in a tertiary care hospital in north Kolkata, eastern India, and to assess the magnitude of under-registration in that population. Methods: This is a retrospective analytical study. A review of all visually impaired patients registered at our tertiary care hospital during a ten-year period from January 2005 to December 2014, which is entitled for certification of people of north Kolkata, eastern India (with a population denominator of 1...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Male Shiva Ram, Rishi Bhardwaj
Purpose: To investigate visual performance during reading under different illumination sources. Methods: This experimental quantitative study included 40 (20 females and 20 males) emmetropic participants with no history of ocular pathology. The participants were randomly assigned to read a near visual task under four different illuminations (400-lux constant): compact fluorescent light (CFL), tungsten light (TUNG), fluorescent tube light (FLUO), and light emitting diode (LED)...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Morteza Entezari, Saeed Karimi, Alireza Ramezani, Homayoun Nikkhah, Yousef Fekri, Bahareh Kheiri
Purpose: To measure the choroidal thickness by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) in normal eyes. Methods: In a prospective case series, 208 eyes of 104 normal Iranian subjects were enrolled. Complete ophthalmic examination was performed. Inclusion criteria were best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) ≥20/20, ≤ ±1 diopter of refractive error in either spherical or cylindrical components, normal intraocular pressure (IOP) and no systemic or ocular diseases...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Narjes Jafari, Karl Golnik, Mansoor Shahriari, Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Sayena Jabbehdari
Purpose: We aimed to present the ophthalmic manifestations of neuro-metabolic disorders. Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with neuro-metabolic disorders in the Neurology Department of Mofid Pediatric Hospital in Tehran, Iran, between 2004 and 2014 were included in this study. Disorders were confirmed using clinical findings, neuroimaging, laboratory data, and genomic analyses. All enrolled patients were assessed for ophthalmological abnormalities. Results: A total of 213 patients with 34 different neuro-metabolic disorders were included...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Reza Karkhaneh, Hamidreza Torabi, Alireza Khodabande, Ramak Roohipoor, Mohammad Riazi-Esfahani
Purpose: To describe the efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab for the treatment of type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in zone I. Methods: Preterm infants with type 1 ROP in zone I (zone I ROP, any stage with plus disease or zone I ROP, stage 3 without plus disease) were enrolled in this prospective study. Intravitreal bevacizumab (0.625 mg/0.025 ml) was injected under topical anesthesia. Patients were followed weekly for 4 weeks and then biweekly till 90 weeks gestational age...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Muhammed Nurullah Bulut, Ümit Çallı, Güzide Akçay, Ulviye Kıvrak, Kezban Bulut, Yusuf Özertürk
Purpose: To investigate the effect of Ozurdex (dexamethasone intravitreal implant) on multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) findings during the treatment of macular edema secondary to the central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). Methods: Fifteen eyes of 15 patients who were treated with Ozurdex implant due to CRVO-related macular edema were included in this study. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central macular thickness (CMT), and mfERG evaluations were performed for all patients before injection of Ozurdex...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Hussain F Al-Habboubi, Waseem Al-Zamil, Ali A Al-Habboubi, Rajiv Khandekar
Purpose: To evaluate refractive status and identify predictors of surgical success following a combined silicone oil removal/cataract surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation procedure. Methods: In this single-armed, retrospective study, we reviewed patients who underwent vitreoretinal surgery followed by a combined silicone oil removal/cataract surgery procedure between 2009 and 2013. Preoperative data included patient demographics, refractive status, IOL power, and axial length (measured with the IOL Master)...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Mohammad Ali Javadi, Sepehr Feizi, Roya Jafari, Seyed Bagher Hosseini, Sharareh Safapour
Purpose: To determine the factors that influence the endothelial cell density (ECD) of donor grafts after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). Methods: This retrospective, interventional case series comprised 77 eyes of 64 patients who underwent DSAEK. Confocal microscopy was performed at the final follow-up examination to evaluate the endothelial cell count, cell morphology, and graft thickness. Univariate and multiple linear regression analyses were used to investigate recipient-, donor-, surgical-, and postoperative related variables capable of influencing graft endothelial cell counts after DSAEK...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Fereshteh Aslani, Masoud Khorrami-Nejad, Mohammad Aghazadeh Amiri, Hesam Hashemian, Farshad Askarizadeh, Bahram Khosravi
Purpose: To evaluate the magnitudes and axis orientation of anterior corneal astigmatism (ACA) and posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA), the ratio of ACA to PCA, and the correlation between ACA and PCA in the different stages of keratoconus (KCN). Methods: This retrospective case series comprised 161 eyes of 161 patients with KCN (104 men, 57 women; mean age, 22.35 ± 6.10 years). The participants were divided into four subgroups according to the Amsler-Krumeich classification...
January 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
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