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Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994821/erratum-descemet-s-membrane-detachment-management-following-trabeculectomy
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 323 in vol. 11, PMID: 27621793.].
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994820/comments-on-retinal-sensitivity-over-hard-exudates-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#2
Brijesh Takkar, Shorya Azad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994819/intraoperative-optical-coherence-tomography-guided-bleb-needling
#3
Tanuj Dada, Dewang Angmo, Neha Midha, Talvir Sidhu
Two patients with history of trabeculectomy presented with uncontrolled intraocular pressure (IOP) postoperatively. The first patient had a flat and vasularized bleb 10 weeks after the surgery, and the second subject developed encapsulated bleb 3 months postoperatively. Both patients were taken to the operating room and intraoperative optical coherence tomography (OCT) guided bleb needling was performed to restore aqueous egress into the subconjunctival space. Postoperatively, IOP of the operated eyes ranged 14-18 mmHg at week 6 and month 3...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994818/autofluorescence-and-infrared-fundus-imaging-for-detection-of-retinal-emboli-and-unmasking-undiagnosed-systemic-abnormalities
#4
Bindu Rajesh, Rameez Hussain, Anantharaman Giridhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994817/multimodal-imaging-after-electric-shock-retinopathy
#5
Aditya Verma, Chetan Rao, Muna Bhende
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994816/horner-syndrome-following-thyroid-surgery-the-clinical-and-pharmacological-presentations
#6
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Corrado Gizzi, Michela Fresina
PURPOSE: To report the clinical and pharmacological findings of a patient with iatrogenic Horner syndrome (HS) which occurred after thyroid surgery. CASE REPORT: A 29-year-old man was referred to our emergency ward due to anisocoria and unilateral eyelid ptosis reported by the patient immediately after a recent thyroidectomy for a papillary carcinoma. Ophthalmologic examination revealed 3 mm ptosis of the right eyelid. In dim illumination, the right and left pupil size was measured 3 and 6 mm, respectively...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994815/pleomorphic-adenoma-of-the-eyelid-with-apocrine-gland-origin-an-atypical-location
#7
Renata T Rothwell, Sofia B Campelos, Sandra Prazeres
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical presentation and treatment of a patient with a cutaneous pleomorphic adenoma of the eyelid. CASE REPORT: A 73-year-old male patient presented with a nodular mass on the lateral third of his right upper eyelid, which had slowly enlarged over 10 years. Radiologic features were of an extra-conical mass, with no invasion of adjacent structures. An excisional biopsy of the lesion was performed. The histopathological examination revealed a biphasic tumor, composed of tubules with a double layer of epithelial cells arranged in a chondromyxoid stroma...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994814/bilateral-photic-maculopathy-following-pterygium-excision-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-findings
#8
Mohammad Hossein Jabbarpoor Bonyadi
PURPOSE: To report high resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings in a case with bilateral photic maculopathy and resultant central scotoma following pterygium excision. CASE REPORT: A 38-year-old man with a history of pterygium excision complained of visual disturbance and annoying central scotoma in both eyes. Although he had subtle funduscopic and angiographic changes, SD-OCT precisely showed disruption of the photoreceptors inner segment/outer segment in the foveal center...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994813/conjunctival-leiomyoma-a-rare-tumor-of-the-ocular-surface
#9
Tayyab Afghani, Furqan Ahmed Khan, Hassan Mansoor
PURPOSE: To report a case of conjuctival leiomyoma. CASE REPORT: An 18-year-old female patient presented with a conjunctival growth in the left eye for a 2-year-period with no change in size. She merely presented for cosmetic reasons. Visual acuity was 20/20 in each eye. The lesion had prominent vessels and was not adherent to the sclera. The growth resembled a benign lesion of the conjunctiva. The tough and vascular tissue was excised and sent for histopathology...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994812/idiopathic-multifocal-choroiditis
#10
REVIEW
Ali Tavallali, Lawrence A Yannuzzi
Idiopathic multifocal choroiditis (MFC) and/or punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC) describe a chronic progressive bilateral inflammatory chorioretinopathy that predominantly affect healthy myopic white women with no known associated systemic or ocular diseases. The principal sites of involvement are the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and outer retinal spaces; the choroid is not affected during the active phase of the disease. Idiopathic MFC with atrophy is a recently described variant. Although there is no generally accepted standard treatment, anti-inflammatory and anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) agents are necessary in the acute stage to control the inflammation and choroidal neovascularization (CNV)...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994811/phakic-intraocular-lenses-and-their-special-indications
#11
REVIEW
Roberto Pineda, Tulika Chauhan
Phakic intraocular lenses revolutionize refractive surgery and continue to serve as an excellent option for vision correction in patients who are not ideal candidates for laser vision correction. This article will review special indications of phakic intraocular lenses in the clinical practice.
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994810/prevalence-and-severity-of-ocular-surface-neoplasia-in-african-nations-and-need-for-early-interventions
#12
REVIEW
Jacob W Reynolds, Margaret L Pfeiffer, Omar Ozgur, Bita Esmaeli
Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) is a common ocular surface tumor with an increased incidence in African countries (3.4 and 3.0 cases/year/100,000). Despite its potential for vision loss and death, OSSN remains largely neglected by both eye and HIV care programs in Africa. The purpose of this review is to identify the barriers to timely diagnosis and early interventions for OSSN in Africa. PubMed searches were conducted targeting previous use of topical chemotherapy (interferon alpha 2b, Mitomycin-C, 5-Fluorouracil) and Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in Africa...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994809/diabetic-retinopathy-clinical-practice-guidelines-customized-for-iranian-population
#13
Zhale Rajavi, Sare Safi, Mohammad Ali Javadi, Mohsen Azarmina, Siamak Moradian, Morteza Entezari, Ramin Nourinia, Hamid Ahmadieh, Armin Shirvani, Saeid Shahraz, Alireza Ramezani, Mohammad Hossein Dehghan, Mohsen Shahsavari, Masoud Soheilian, Homayoun Nikkhah, Hossein Ziaei, Hasan Behboudi, Fereydoun Farrahi, Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani, Mohammad Mehdi Parvaresh, Hamid Fesharaki, Majid Abrishami, Nasser Shoeibi, Mansour Rahimi, Alireza Javadzadeh, Reza Karkhaneh, Mohammad Riazi-Esfahani, Masoud Reza Manaviat, Alireza Maleki, Bahareh Kheiri, Faegheh Golbafian
PURPOSE: To customize clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for management of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the Iranian population. METHODS: Three DR CPGs (The Royal College of Ophthalmologists 2013, American Academy of Ophthalmology [Preferred Practice Pattern 2012], and Australian Diabetes Society 2008) were selected from the literature using the AGREE tool. Clinical questions were designed and summarized into four tables by the customization team. The components of the clinical questions along with pertinent recommendations extracted from the above-mentioned CPGs; details of the supporting articles and their levels of evidence; clinical recommendations considering clinical benefits, cost and side effects; and revised recommendations based on customization capability (applicability, acceptability, external validity) were recorded in 4 tables, respectively...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994808/effects-of-benzo-e-pyrene-on-reactive-oxygen-nitrogen-species-and-inflammatory-cytokines-induction-in-human-rpe-cells-and-attenuation-by-mitochondrial-involved-mechanism
#14
M Fernanda Estrago-Franco, M Tarek Moustafa, Mohammad Riazi-Esfahani, Ashish U Sapkal, Rhina Piche-Lopez, A Jayaprakash Patil, Ashish Sharma, Payam Falatoonzadeh, Marilyn Chwa, Georgia Luczy-Bachman, Baruch D Kuppermann, M Cristina Kenney
PURPOSE: To identify inhibitors that could effectively lower reactive oxygen/nitrogen species (ROS/RNS), complement and inflammatory cytokine levels induced by Benzo(e)pyrene [B(e)p], an element of cigarette smoke, in human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE-19) in vitro. METHODS: ARPE-19 cells were treated for 24 hours with 200 μM, 100 μM, and 50 μM B(e)p or DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide)-equivalent concentrations. Some cultures were pre-treated with ROS/RNS inhibitors (NG nitro-L-arginine, inhibits nitric oxide synthase; Apocynin, inhibits NADPH oxidase; Rotenone, inhibits mitochondrial complex I; Antimycin A, inhibits mitochondria complex III) and ROS/RNS levels were measured with a fluorescent H2 DCFDA assay...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994807/cultivation-of-retinoblastoma-cells-correlation-between-in-vitro-growth-pattern-and-histopathology
#15
Narges Fazili, Sahar Balagholi, Yashar Amizadeh, Seyed Bagher Hosseini, Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi
PURPOSE: To investigate the correlation between floating versus adherent growth pattern of cultivated retinoblastoma (RB) cells from three patients with RB and their histopathologic features. METHODS: RB cells from three Iranian patients (MM, NR, and MS) were cultivated in Dulbecco's modified eagle medium (DMEM) supplemented with 15% fetal bovine serum (FBS) for four weeks in each passage. Fresh medium was added on a weekly basis and immunocytochemistry for Synaptophysin was performed...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994806/descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-in-fuchs-endothelial-dystrophy-versus-pseudophakic-bullous-keratopathy
#16
Mohammad Ali Javadi, Sepehr Feizi, Roya Jafari, Firooz Mirbabaee, Vahid Ownagh
PURPOSE: To compare clinical and confocal scan outcomes after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) performed for Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy (FED) versus pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK). METHODS: This retrospective comparative study included 47 consecutive eyes of 39 patients with the diagnosis of FED (n = 29, group 1) or PBK (n = 18, group 2) that underwent DSAEK. Clinical outcomes were compared between the study groups. At the final follow-up examination, confocal microscopy was used to measure and compare central corneal and graft thickness as well as endothelial cell density and morphology between the two groups...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994805/descemet-s-membrane-endothelial-keratoplasty-in-south-asian-population
#17
Vipul Bhandari, Jagdeesh K Reddy, Prateek Chougale
PURPOSE: To evaluate visual outcomes, endothelial cell density and complications following Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). METHODS: This study included 40 consecutive eyes that underwent DMEK for various pathologies involving the corneal endothelium. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and endothelial cell density (ECD) were measured and compared before and 6 months after surgery. RESULTS: Out of 40 eyes, 34 eyes (85%) had BCVA ranging from 0...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994804/microbial-profile-of-corneal-ulcers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#18
Chittur Y Ranjini, Vishnu V Waddepally
PURPOSE: To identify the prevalence and microbial profile of infectious keratitis in a tertiary eye care hospital, and to test for the in vitro antimicrobial resistance of the bacterial isolates. METHODS: A total of 312 patients presenting to a tertiary eye care hospital with infected corneal ulcer were enrolled in this study. Their socio-demographic data and risk factors were recorded. Corneal scrapings collected from the edge of the ulcer were processed for direct gram stain and KOH mount...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994803/transepithelial-photorefractive-keratectomy-for-low-to-moderate-myopia-in-comparison-with-conventional-photorefractive-keratectomy
#19
Mostafa Naderi, Khosrow Jadidi, Seyed Aliasghar Mosavi, Seyed Aref Daneshi
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness, safety and stability of the results of transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK) with conventional photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for low to moderate myopia. METHODS: In this prospective non-randomized case-control study, patients with low to moderate myopia were assigned to the tPRK group (cases) or the PRK group (controls). In the tPRK group, eyes were treated using the Amaris excimer laser (SCHWIND eye-tech-solutions GmbH and Co...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994802/comparison-of-higher-order-aberrations-after-wavefront-guided-lasik-and-prk-one-year-follow-up-results
#20
Seyed Hamid Reza Jahadi Hosseini, Seyed Mohammad Bagher Abtahi, Mohammad Reza Khalili
PURPOSE: To evaluate the changes and predictability of higher order aberrations (HOAs) after personalized laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and personalized photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for simple myopia and compound myopic astigmatism. METHODS: In this prospective cross-sectional study, 100 eyes were included. A total of 50 eyes underwent personalized LASIK and 50 eyes underwent personalized PRK. Preoperative and postoperative wavefront data were compared between the two groups...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
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