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Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090063/vision-disorders-in-drivers-involved-in-traffic-accidents
#1
Hasan Behboudi, Reza Soltani Moghadam, Najmollah Tiefeh, Morteza Fallah Karkan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090062/barriers-to-attending-eye-appointments-among-underserved-adults
#2
Maria A Woodward, V Swetha E Jeganathan, Weixia Guo, Jean Cederna, Paula Anne Newman-Casey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090061/use-of-the-smart-phone-as-a-diagnostic-interface-for-detecting-severe-retinopathy-of-prematurity-a-pilot-study
#3
Sucheta Kulkarni, Nilesh Kakade, Rajiv Khandekar, Pravin Narwadkar, M Deshpande
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090060/inflammatory-precipitates-in-an-air-bubble-in-the-aqueous-humor
#4
Saeed Shokoohi-Rad, Ghodsieh Zamani, Mohammad-Reza Doosti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090059/successful-treatment-of-corneal-larva-migrans-by-nd-yag-laser-photodisruption
#5
Jisha Kamalakshy, Krishna Babu, Padmasree Kamala Madhavan, Seshadrinathan Subrahmaniam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090058/central-retinal-vein-occlusion-like-appearance-a-precursor-stage-in-evolution-of-frosted-branch-angiitis
#6
Babulal Kumawat, Koushik Tripathy, Pradeep Venkatesh, Rohan Chawla, Yog Raj Sharma
PURPOSE: To report a young man with a central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)-like appearance which later evolved to frosted branch angiitis (FBA). CASE REPORT: As 28-year-old Indian man presented with optic disc swelling, hyperemia, peripapillary hemorrhages, and dilated tortuous veins in the left eye, 6 months after being diagnosed with idiopathic FBA in the right eye. Within 3 days of presentation, the left eye developed FBA, which was promptly and successfully treated with oral steroids...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090057/leprosy-presenting-with-iridocyclitis-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#7
Jaya Kaushik, Vaibhav Kumar Jain, Jitendra Kumar Singh Parihar, Sanjay Dhar, Savita Agarwal
PURPOSE: To report a case of lepromatous iridocyclitis that posed a diagnostic challenge. CASE REPORT: A 50-yeasr-old male developed profound loss of vision in the right eye, while he was in the hospital with septicemia presenting with fever, dysuria, and abdominal swelling. He also developed erythema nodosum on the legs. Skin incisional biopsy section, upon dermatology consultation, showed a granulomatous nodule in the dermis. The anterior chamber aspirate demonstrated lepra bacilli, which confirmed the diagnosis of lepromatous leprosy with type II reaction...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090056/oseltamivir-tamiflu-induced-bilateral-ciliochoroidal-effusion-and-angle-closure-glaucoma-what-type-of-idiosyncratic-reaction
#8
Shahin Yazdani, Hamed Esfandiari, Sare Safi, Alireza Fatemi
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral acute angle closure glaucoma after one dose of oseltamivir 75 mg. CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old man with a history of influenza developed high intraocular pressure and uniformly shallow anterior chamber in both eyes, 5 hours after the first dose of oseltamivir 75 mg. The condition was managed successfully with topical cycloplegic and systemic/topical antiglaucoma medications. CONCLUSION: Since a presumed idiosyncratic reaction developed right after the first dose of the medication, it challenges the common concept of adaptive immune system involvement in this type of reaction in medication-related ciliochoroidal effusion...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090055/severe-rosacea-a-case-report
#9
Ebrahim Shirzadeh, Abbas Bagheri, Mojtaba Fattahi Abdizadeh, Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi
PURPOSE: To describe a case of severe rosacea with ocular involvement. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old female patient presented with extensive facial and ocular eruptions. She had a history of treatment with oral prednisolone due to the clinical diagnosis of lupus erythematosus (LE), which had resulted in transient improvement of the lesions, but was followed by exacerbation of the lesions. With the clinical diagnosis of severe oculofacial rosacea, she was successfully treated with oral doxycycline, steroid eye drops, and ocular lubricants...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090054/the-role-of-mitochondria-in-amd-current-knowledge-and-future-applications
#10
Mohammad Riazi-Esfahani, Baruch D Kuppermann, M Cristina Kenney
Mitochondria are organelles which comprise the main respiratory machinery in the eukaryotic cells. In addition to their crucial role in energy production, they have profound effects on apoptosis and retrograde signaling to nucleus. Mitochondria have their own DNA, which codes for different proteins mostly involved in oxidative phosphorylation. Significant changes in the mitochondria of retinal pigment epithelium have been reported in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which is correlated with the severity of the disease...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090053/pneumatic-vitreolysis-for-management-of-symptomatic-focal-vitreomacular-traction
#11
REVIEW
Clement K Chan, Calvin E Mein, Jason N Crosson
Pneumatic vitreolysis (PVL) is the intravitreal injection of a small quantity of expansile gas for the purpose of achieving focal vitreomacular traction (VMT) release for eyes with symptomatic VMT, or inducing VMT release and closure of the macular defect for eyes with a small stage-2 macular hole (MH). Initially, there was limited interest in this technique upon its introduction for clinical treatment in human eyes in 1993. With the advent of optical coherence tomography allowing detailed observation of vitreomacular interface changes and rising importance of medical economics in recent years, there has been increasing interest in PVL, a low-cost procedure for managing symptomatic VMT...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090052/review-of-static-approaches-to-surgical-correction-of-presbyopia
#12
REVIEW
Mohammad Ali Zare Mehrjerdi, Masomeh Mohebbi, Mehdi Zandian
Presbyopia is the primary cause of reduction in the quality of life of people in their 40s, due to dependence on spectacles. Therefore, presbyopia correction has become an evolving and rapidly progressive field in refractive surgery. There are two primary options for presbyopia correction: the dynamic approach uses the residual accommodative capacity of the eye, and the static approach attempts to enhance the depth of focus of the optical system. The dynamic approach attempts to reverse suspected pathophysiologic changes...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090051/fmnl2-with-functions-related-to-the-cytoskeleton-is-partially-regulated-by-pax6
#13
Elham Ghorbanpour, Parvin Pasalar, Shahin Yazdani, Hamidreza Moazzeni, Elahe Elahi
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess whether the transcription factor PAX6 affects transcription of FMNL2. PAX6 is a transcription factor with significant roles in development of the eye and eye-related functions. FMNL2 encodes a member of the formin family of proteins and has roles in polymerization of actin and features of the cytoskeleton. The state of the cytoskeleton affects the flow of aqueous humor, disruption of which is a cornerstone of glaucoma pathology. METHODS: Initially, bioinformatics were used extensively to identify FMNL2 as an appropriate candidate gene for possible targeting by PAX6...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090050/pattern-visual-evoked-potentials-in-dyslexic-children
#14
Javad Heravian Shandiz, Mohsen Heyrani, Davood Sobhani-Rad, Zeinab Salehinejad, Shirin Shojaei, Mohamad Javad Khoshsima, Abbas Azimi, Abbas Ali Yekta, Seyed Hosein Hoseini Yazdi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare pattern visual evoked potential (PVEP) components in dyslexic and normal children. METHODS: This cross-sectional analytic study recruited 72 children, including 36 dyslexic and 36 normal participants aged 8-12 years. Visual examinations included measurement of distance visual acuity, refraction, and PVEP components of amplitudes and latencies with two different check sizes of 15 and 60 minutes (min) of arc at two contrast levels of 25% and 100%...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090049/orbital-volume-augmentation-with-calcium-hydroxyapatite-filler-in-anophthalmic-enophthalmos
#15
Maryam Aletaha, Hossein Salour, Saied Yadegary, Yousef Fekri, Mehdi Tavakoli
PURPOSE: To report the long-term results of orbital volume augmentation using calcium hydroxyapatite filler injections in patients with anophthalmic sockets. METHODS: Twelve eligible patients with post-enucleation socket syndrome (PESS) and small orbital volumes were included in our study. In this investigation, 1.5 mL injectable calcium hydroxyapatite (Radiesse) was utilized in an off-label application under local anesthesia. We evaluated the effect of orbital volume augmentation for correction of enophthalmos...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090048/water-drinking-test-intraocular-pressure-changes-after-tube-surgery-and-trabeculectomy
#16
Mohammad Reza Razeghinejad, Zahra Tajbakhsh, Mohammad Hossein Nowroozzadeh, Masoumeh Masoumpour
PURPOSE: To study the effects of filtration surgeries (tube and trabeculectomy) on changes in intraocular pressure after a water-drinking test. METHODS: In this prospective, non-randomized, comparative clinical study, 30 patients who had tube surgery and 30 age- and sex-matched trabeculectomy patients underwent a water-drinking test. Only one eye of each patient was included. The baseline intraocular pressure was ≤21 mmHg in all enrolled eyes with or without adjunctive topical medications...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090047/accuracy-of-various-intraocular-lens-power-calculation-formulas-in-steep-corneas
#17
Amir Faramarzi, Ali Aghajani, Leila Ghiasian
PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of four different intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation formulas for eyes with mean keratometry values greater than 46 diopters (D). METHODS: Forty five eyes from 45 patients who were candidates for senile cataract surgery with mean keratometry values greater than 46 D were included. Calculation of the IOL power was performed by the Lenstar. The implanted IOL in all cases was Acrysof SA60AT. The average absolute value of the differences between the actual and predicted spherical equivalent (SE) of the postoperative refractive error (mean absolute error: MAE) was calculated using 4 formulas (Haigis, Holladay 1, Hoffer Q, and SRK/T) with optical IOL constants from the User Group for Laser Interference Biometry constants...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090046/preparation-and-thickness-profile-of-endothelial-keratoplasty-lenticules-from-donated-whole-eyes-with-previous-photorefractive-keratectomy
#18
Mozhgan Rezaei Kanavi, Pejman Fahim, Mohsen Rahmanian, Tahereh Chamani, Bahar Kheiri, Sahar Balagholi, Mohammad Ali Javadi
PURPOSE: To describe the preparation and thickness profiles of endothelial keratoplasty lenticules harvested from eyes with previous photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). METHODS: Donor whole eyes that underwent PRK were subjected to microkeratome-assisted dissection for Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty. Specular microscopy and Visante optical coherence tomography were performed on precut corneas. Endothelial cell indices and thickness profiles of endothelial keratoplasty lenticules were statistically analyzed...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090045/comparison-between-pentacam-hr-and-orbscan-ii-after-hyperopic-photorefractive-keratectomy
#19
Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Farshad Askarizadeh, Mohamad Reza Sedaghat, Hadi Ghadimi, Bahram Khosravi, Mohammad Aghazadeh Amiri, Foroozan Narooie-Noori
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the agreement between Pentacam HR (Scheimpflug imaging, Oculus) and Orbscan II (scanning slit topography, Bausch and Lomb) in measuring corneal parameters after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for hyperopia. METHODS: In this prospective cross-sectional study, 38 hyperopic eyes undergoing PRK were examined before refractive surgery and 8 to 10 months postoperatively using Pentacam HR and Orbscan II. Ultrasound (US) pachymetry was also used to measure central corneal thickness (CCT)...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090044/temporal-and-spatial-flap-variability-in-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-by-optical-coherence-tomography
#20
Yousif Farhan Dawood, Usama Al Hassany, Ammar F Issa
PURPOSE: To study changes in flap thickness made with two different microkeratome heads across different corneal locations using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS: In this prospective, non-randomized, consecutive case series, subjects who had their laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flaps made using 90 μm (MSU90) or 130 μm (MSU130) disposable M2 microkeratome heads were examined using OCT. The measurements were performed at three locations (central and 2...
October 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
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