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Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research

Sri Ramakrishnan, Balakrishnan Kannan, Aarathy Kannan, E Prasanna Venkatesan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Saeed Rahmani, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban, Mohammad Ghassemi-Broumand, Mohammadreza Nazari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Koushik Tripathy, Yog Raj Sharma, Rohan Chawla, Shreyans Jain, Alkananda Behera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Hossein Hasanpour, Alireza Ramezani, Saeed Karimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Bahram Eshraghi, Mahla Shadravan, Elham Aalami, Elias Khalili Pour
PURPOSE: To describe a patient with Schwartz Jampel vel Aberfeld syndrome (SJS) who underwent orbicularis oculi myectomy as a treatment for blepharospasm. CASE REPORT: A 4-year-old child with SJS did not respond to an injection of a single dose of botulinum toxin after one month, so orbicularis myectomy was then performed under general anesthesia. During the procedure, orbicularis vermiform movements were a useful guide for the extent of myectomy that the patient needed...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Anita Ganger, Radhika Tandon, M Vanathi, Pardeep Sagar
PURPOSE: To report a case of post laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), nebulomacular corneal opacity following a trauma induced flap dehiscence and was managed with superficial anterior lamellar keratoplasty (SALK). CASE REPORT: A 32-year-old female underwent LASIK 2.5 years back, with a postoperative unaided visual acuity (VA) of 6/6 in both eyes. She was involved in a road traffic accident and sustained blunt trauma to the right eye 5 months before. At the time of presentation, the VA was 1/60 in the right eye...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Farideh Sharifipour, Saman Nassiri, Aida Idan
PURPOSE: To present a case of total Descemet's membrane detachment (DMD) after trabeculectomy and its surgical management. CASE REPORT: A 68-year-old woman presented with large DMD and corneal edema one day after trabeculectomy. Intracameral air injection on day 3 was not effective. Choroidal effusion complicated the clinical picture with Descemet's membrane (DM) touching the lens. Choroidal tap with air injection on day 6 resulted in DM attachment and totally clear cornea on the next day...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Ghasem Fakhraie, Zakieh Vahedian
PURPOSE: To report a case of unilateral post trabeculectomy globe massage-induced keratoconus (KCN). CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old lady with a history of trabeculectomy due to iridocorneal endothelial syndrome in her right eye was instructed to massage her globe to control gradual rise of intraocular pressure 1.5 years after surgery. The patient experienced high astigmatism and marked inferior corneal steepening after 3 years of globe massage. The left eye was normal in all aspects...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Neelakshi Bhagat, Roger Turbin, Paul Langer, N G Soni, A M Bauza, J H Son, David Chu, Mohammad Dastjerdi, Marco Zarbin
Loss of light perception (LP) after open globe injury (OGI) does not necessarily mean the patient will have permanent complete visual loss. Findings that seem to be associated reliably with permanent profound vision loss after OGI include optic nerve avulsion, optic nerve transection, and profound loss of intraocular contents, which can be identified with CT/MRI imaging albeit with varying degrees of confidence. Eyes with NLP after OGI that undergo successful primary repair with intact optic nerves may be considered for additional surgery, particularly if there is: (1) recovery of LP on the first day after primary repair; (2) treatable pathology underlying NLP status (e...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Zhale Rajavi, Hamideh Sabbaghi
Congenital cataract is a leading cause of visual deprivation which can damage the developing visual system of a child; therefore early diagnosis, management and long-term follow-up are essential. It is recommended that all neonates be screened by red reflex examination at birth and suspected cases be referred to ophthalmic centers. Early surgery (<6 weeks of age, based on general neonatal health) is important for achieving the best visual outcome particularly in unilateral cases. In bilateral cases, surgery is highly recommended before appearance of strabismus or nystagmus (<10 weeks of age) with no longer than a one-week interval between the fellow eyes...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Michael I Seider, Riikka E K Nomides, Paul Hahn, Prithvi Mruthyunjaya, Tamer H Mahmoud
Scleral buckling is a highly successful technique for the repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment that requires intra-operative examination of the retina and treatment of retinal breaks via indirect ophthalmoscopy. Data suggest that scleral buckling likely results in improved outcomes for many patients but is declining in popularity, perhaps because of significant advances in vitrectomy instrumentation and visualization systems. Emerging data suggest that chandelier-assisted scleral buckling is safe and has many potential advantages over traditional buckling techniques...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Azam Alvani, Mohammad Pakravan, Hamed Esfandiari, Sare Safi, Mehdi Yaseri, Parastou Pakravan
This review article aimed to evaluate ocular biometric changes after trabeculectomy. The PubMed database was searched using the keywords "axial length" (AL), "anterior chamber depth" (ACD), "corneal astigmatism," "corneal topography" and "trabeculectomy." The extracted studies were categorized based on the evaluated parameters and the biometry method (contact and non-contact). Comparable studies with respect to their sample size were combined for statistical analysis. Twenty-five studies including 690 individuals which met the inclusion criteria were selected...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Lubna Khan, Kamal Malukani, Siddharth Malaiya, Prashant Yeshwante, Saba Ishrat, Shirish S Nandedkar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of fine needle aspiration (FNAC) as a diagnostic tool in cases of orbital and ocular adnexal masses. Cytological findings were correlated with histopathological diagnosis wherever possible. METHODS: FNAC was performed in 29 patients of different age groups presenting with orbital and ocular adnexal masses. Patients were evaluated clinically and investigated by non-invasive techniques before fine needle aspiration of the masses. Smears were analyzed by a cytologist in all cases...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Mohammad Ebrahim Yarmohammadi, Hassan Ghasemi, Farhad Jafari, Pupak Izadi, Mohammadreza Jalali Nadoushan, Narges Saghari Chin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a teamwork revision endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) in eyes with previously failed external DCR. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on 50 failed external DCR subjects who underwent a teamwork revision endoscopic DCR by an ophthalmologist and an otolaryngologist. Paranasal sinus CT scanning was performed for each patient before the revision surgery. During surgery, any abnormal tissue noticed before silicone intubation was sent for pathological evaluation...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Negareh Yazdani, Abbas Azimi Khorasani, Hanieh Mirhajian Moghadam, Abbas Ali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Javad Heravian Shandiz
PURPOSE: To compare three different methods for determining addition in presbyopes. METHODS: The study included 81 subjects with presbyopia who aged 40-70 years. Reading addition values were measured using 3 approaches including the amplitude of accommodation (AA), dynamic retinoscopy (DR), and increasing plus lens (IPL). RESULTS: IPL overestimated reading addition relative to other methods. Mean near addition obtained by AA, DR and IPL were 1...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Adib Tousi, Hossein Hasanpour, Masoud Soheilian
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) as a surgical adjunct in prevention of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) after retinal detachment surgery. METHODS: In this controlled, randomized pilot study, 27 patients with primary retinal detachment undergoing pars plana deep vitrectomy were included. Of these, 12 received IVB at the end of procedure. The anatomic success and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) were compared to the control group at months 3 and 6 postoperatively...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Vinod Kumar, Brijesh Takkar
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of intravitreal phacoemulsification with torsional hand piece in eyes with posteriorly dislocated lens fragments. METHODS: In this prospective, interventional case series, 15 eyes with retained lens fragments following phacoemulsification were included. All patients underwent standard three-port pars plana vitrectomy and intravitreal phacoemulsification using sleeveless, torsional hand piece (OZiLâ„¢, Alcon's Infiniti Vision System)...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Lorena Romero-Diaz-de-Leon, Juan Carlos Serna-Ojeda, Alejandro Navas, Enrique O Graue-Hernández, Arturo Ramirez-Miranda
PURPOSE: To report the rate of flap-related complications in LASIK surgery performed by in-training ophthalmology residents and to analyze the risk factors for these complications. METHODS: We analyzed 273 flap dissections in 145 patients from March 2013 to February 2014. We included all LASIK surgeries performed by 32 ophthalmology residents using a Moria M2 microkeratome. All the flap-related complications were noted. Comparison between both groups with and without complications was performed with an independent Student's t-test and relative risks were calculated...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Hossein Jamali, Sara Jahanian, Reza Gharebaghi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of prophylactic laser peripheral iridotomy on corneal endothelial cell density and cell morphology in subjects with primary angle closure suspect (PACS) within a one-year follow-up period. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental prospective study, from June 2012 to November 2013, thirty-five PACS eyes underwent laser peripheral iridotomy at clinics affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. After obtaining informed consent, specular microscopy was performed at baseline and at 3-month, 6-month and 12-month follow-up visits...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Fatemeh Alipour, Firoozeh Rahimi, Mohammad Naser Hashemian, Zahra Ajdarkosh, Ramak Roohipoor, Masoumeh Mohebi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of mini-scleral design (MSD) contact lenses to treat keratoconus patients who were unsatisfied with the results of corneal inlay. METHODS: In this prospective interventional case series, 9 eyes of 6 keratoconus patients who were unsatisfied with the results of corneal inlay were fitted with MSD contact lenses. Demographic data, uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), and higher order aberrations (HOAs) were evaluated before contact lens fitting...
July 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
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