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Journal of Evidence-based Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761647/four-polymorphisms-in-the-il-22-gene-and-the-risk-of-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#1
Jie Zhang, Taiqiang Zhao, Chengjie Xu, Hua Yu
OBJECTIVE: IL-22 plays an important role in cancer carcinogenesis. However, the association between IL-22 polymorphisms and cancer risk was inconclusive. The objective of the current study was to assess these associations by meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang databases were searched up to 31 January 2018. The results were screened according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The associations between polymorphisms and cancer risk were estimated by meta-analysis...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512333/study-design-and-baseline-characteristics-of-inpatients-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china-a-database-study-based-on-electronic-medical-records
#2
Sheyu Li, Chuan Yu, Yun Li, Qianrui Li, Rui Zhang, Qingtao Hou, Tao Zheng, Yi Ma, Miye Wang, Na Su, Ting Wu, Zhiwen Liu, Xia Sheng, Nan Li, Guanjian Liu, Yong Huang, Ting Xu, Xin Sun, Haoming Tian
AIM: To describe the characteristics of inpatients with diabetes in a tertiary hospital in China using an electronic medical record (EMR)-based database. METHODS: We identified the medical records of all patients with diabetes from nonpediatric departments of West China Hospital, Sichuan University (from February 2009 to December 2013), and extracted information on demographic, diagnosis, discharge outcome, department of discharge, laboratory test, and prescription from the EMR system...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464853/quality-assessment-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-infectious-diseases-in-china
#3
Dongbo Wu, Wei Jiang, Le Yu, Yonghong Wang, Yachao Tao, Hong Tang, Enqiang Chen
AIM: We aimed to appraise the quality of Chinese Society of Infectious Diseases of China Medical Association clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for infectious diseases in China. METHODS: We performed the electronic search and hand search on the above-mentioned CPGs for infectious diseases published from January 1997 to October 2017. Each publication was evaluated using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II) instrument. RESULTS: Thirteen guidelines were identified and enrolled for the further evaluation...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460397/reporting-quality-of-trial-abstracts-improved-yet-suboptimal-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Viswas Chhapola, Soumya Tiwari, Rekha Brar, Sandeep Kumar Kanwal
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of literature to determine if the publication of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) abstract guideline in 2008 was followed by change in reporting quality of randomized controlled trial (RCT) abstracts. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Evaluations were included if they compared reporting quality of RCT abstracts before and after the publication of CONSORT-abstract guideline. The literature search was performed (January 2008 to April 2017) in Medline (Ovid), EMbase, CINAHL plus and Cochrane methodologies register...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484845/cochrane-in-2017-opportunities-for-the-research-community-in-china
#5
EDITORIAL
Joey S W Kwong, Youping Li, Mingming Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484844/the-bpsc-a-prospective-study-investigating-the-clinical-effect-of-interventional-therapy-and-the-risk-factors-for-bladder-cancer-and-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-in-chinese-population
#6
Xian-Tao Zeng, Tong-Zu Liu, Kan Gong, Da-Lin He, Xing-Huan Wang
Bladder cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia have been two very common diseases among the elderly men, especially with the aging of the population in the world. We have designed a study to investigate the clinical effect of interventional therapy for plasmakinetic resection of the prostate and plasmakinetic resection of the bladder, which is called "BPSC" (The bladder cancer and benign prostatic hyperplasia study in Chinese population). The BPSC is not only a specific study, it is made up of many studies...
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484843/clinical-trial-in-china-the-status-and-challenge-of-data-management-and-statistical-analysis
#7
EDITORIAL
Chen Yao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380525/new-practical-methods-to-obtain-crucial-data-in-performing-diagnostic-meta-analysis-of-the-published-literature
#8
Xuelei Ma, Hao Zeng, Jing Zhang, Linyan Chen, Hongyuan Jia
AIM: Found some new methods that can be used to obtain values such as true positives (TP), false negatives (FN), false positives (FP), and true negatives (TN) which did not provide in diagnostic meta-analysis indirectly. METHODS: Using mathematical deduction and programming calculus. RESULTS: We have succeeded in increasing the number of articles that can be used from two(228 patients) to five(469 patients) by using our new method. CONCLUSION: Using these methods, it can greatly increase the number of the inclusion articles, as well as the number of inclusion patients, which will contribute to improve the persuasiveness and comprehensiveness of diagnostic meta-analysis...
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356437/interventions-to-improve-retention-in-a-surgical-clinical-trial-a-pragmatic-stakeholder-driven-approach
#9
Paul A Leighton, Stephen D Brealey, Joseph J Dias
OBJECTIVE: To explore stakeholder perspectives upon participant retention in clinical trials, and to generate strategies to support retention in a surgical, clinical trial. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: The SWIFFT trial is a multicenter study comparing treatments for the fracture of the waist of the scaphoid bone in adults. Here we report upon a multistage, iterative consultative process with SWIFFT stakeholders, these include workshops with members of the public, with nurses involved in data collection, and with consultant clinicians...
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322660/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-risk-of-osteoporotic-fracture-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Charat Thongprayoon, Panadeekarn Panjawatanan, Patompong Ungprasert
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is one of the most common causes of chronic liver disease. Several epidemiologic studies have suggested that patients with HCV infection might have a higher risk of osteoporotic fracture. However, the data are inconclusive. This systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted with the aims to summarize all available evidence. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE and EMBASE database from inception to June 2016...
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322624/nasogastric-tube-and-outcomes-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Suthanya Sornprom, Charat Thongprayoon, Parkpoom Phatharacharukul, Wisit Cheungpasitporn
AIMS: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major concern for public health worldwide. Interestingly, the risk of poor clinical outcomes of CDI in patients with nasogastric tube (NGT) insertion is still controversial. The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes of CDI in patients with NGT insertion. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from inception through November 2017. Studies that reported relative risks, odds ratios, or hazard ratios comparing the clinical outcome of CDI in patients with NGT versus those who did not were included...
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322623/clinical-practice-guidelines-in-india-quality-appraisal-and-the-use-of-evidence-in-their-development
#12
Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Soushieta Jagadesh, May Ellatar, Neeraj Kohli, Muhammad Riedha, Monday Moi
BACKGROUND: Guideline development in India has come under increased scrutiny with a growing interest in the use of evidence for guideline development. METHODS: Guidelines on the four leading causes of disability adjusted life years in India (ischemic heart disease, lower respiratory infections, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, tuberculosis), published on or after 2010 was searched in electronic databases and by other methods and their quality appraised by using the AGREE-II appraisal tool...
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322622/ten-years-of-clinical-trial-registration-in-a-resource-limited-setting-experience-of-the-sri-lanka-clinical-trials-registry
#13
Udaya K Ranawaka, Ashwini de Abrew, Manu Wimalachandra, Nithushi Samaranayake, Colvin Goonaratna
AIM: We describe our experience of the first 10 years at the Sri Lanka Clinical Trials Registry (SLCTR). METHODS: We analyzed all trial records of the SLCTR over the study period. We collected information regarding trial characteristics and completeness of data entry in the SLCTR data set. RESULTS: During the study period, 210 trials (63% of all applications) were registered with the SLCTR. The number of registered trials showed an increasing trend over the years...
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276624/community-deliverable-exercise-and-depression-in-adults-with-arthritis-confirmatory-evidence-of-a-meta-analysis-using-the-ivhet-model
#14
George A Kelley, Kristi S Kelley
OBJECTIVE: Using the traditional random-effects model, a recently reported standardized effect size (g) reduction of -0.42 (95% CI, -0.58 to -0.27) was observed in depressive symptoms as a result of community-deliverable exercise in adults with arthritis and other rheumatic diseases. However, a recently proposed alternative model (IVhet) has been shown to have superior coverage probability to the random-effects model. The purpose of this brief report was to compare these previous random-effects results with the IVhet model...
February 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345107/introduction-to-methodology-of-dose-response-meta-analysis-for-binary-outcome-with-application-on-software
#15
Chao Zhang, Pengli Jia, Liu Yu, Chang Xu
OBJECTIVE: Dose-response meta-analysis (DRMA) is widely applied to investigate the dose-specific relationship between independent and dependent variables. Such methods have been in use for over 30 years and are increasingly employed in healthcare and clinical decision-making. In this article, we give an overview of the methodology used in DRMA. METHODS: We summarize the commonly used regression model and the pooled method in DRMA. We also use an example to illustrate how to employ a DRMA by these methods...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322692/patient-characteristics-associated-with-treatment-response-in-patients-receiving-salvianolate-injection-for-stable-angina
#16
Yana Qi, Chuan Yu, Li Tang, Sheyu Li, Xin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore patient characteristics associated with treatment response in patients receiving salvianolate injection for stable angina. METHODS: An analysis was conducted of data from a multicenter, phase IV clinical trial undertaken in China that enrolled 2150 patients hospitalized for stable angina from 50 hospitals. The treatment outcomes were changes of angina severity and nitroglycerin use between baseline and the last day of treatment. We used logistic regression models to explore patient characteristics associated with the treatment response...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266878/software-and-package-applicating-for-network-meta-analysis-a-usage-based-comparative-study
#17
Chang Xu, Yuming Niu, Junyi Wu, Huiyun Gu, Chao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To compare and analyze the characteristics and functions of software applications for network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, the official websites of Bayesian inference Using Gibbs Sampling (BUGS), Stata and R, and Google were searched to collect the software and packages for performing NMA; software and packages published up to March 2016 were included. After collecting the software, packages, and their user guides, we used the software and packages to calculate a typical example...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266844/grey-literature-an-important-resource-in-systematic-reviews
#18
Arsenio Paez
Systematic reviews aid the analysis and dissemination of evidence, using rigorous and transparent methods to generate empirically attained answers to focused research questions. Identifying all evidence relevant to the research questions is an essential component, and challenge, of systematic reviews. Grey literature, or evidence not published in commercial publications, can make important contributions to a systematic review. Grey literature can include academic papers, including theses and dissertations, research and committee reports, government reports, conference papers, and ongoing research, among others...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193901/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-risk-of-gallstones-a-meta-analysis
#19
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Charat Thongprayoon, Panadeekarn Panjawatanan, Natasorn Lekuthai, Patompong Ungprasert
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Gallstones and its complications are one of the most common hepatobiliary tract diseases. Several epidemiologic studies have suggested that patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection might be at an increased risk of gallstones. However, the data on this relationship remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis was conducted with the aims to summarize all available evidence. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from inception to May 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193900/erratum
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
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