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Journal of Evidence-based Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792299/social-problem-solving-in-chinese-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#1
Jinbo Fang, Luo Ying, Li Yanhua, Wenxia Huang
OBJECTIVE: To describe social problem solving in Chinese baccalaureate nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a cluster sample of 681 Chinese baccalaureate nursing students. The Chinese Version of the Social Problem Solving scale was used. Descriptive analyses, independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance were applied to analyze the data. FINDINGS: The final year nursing students presented the highest scores of positive social problem-solving skills...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792279/laser-fluorescence-of-caries-detection-in-permanent-teeth-in-vitro-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Maria Inês Rosa, Vilson Sampaio Schambeck, Eduardo Ronconi Dondossola, Maria Cecília Manenti Alexandre, Lisiane Tuon, Antonio Jose Grande, Fernando Hugo
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The detection of dental caries in the early stages, particularly on the occlusal surfaces, has become a mainstay of contemporary clinical practice. The objective of the study was to verify the accuracy of laser fluorescence (LF) for caries detection. METHODS: A comprehensive search of the MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, IBECS, BIOSIS, Web of Science, SCOPUS, Congress Abstracts and Grey literature databases was undertaken from 1980 through January 2016...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792290/the-reliability-of-the-manchester-triage-system-mts-a-meta-analysis
#3
Amir Mirhaghi, Reza Mazlom, Abbas Heydari, Mohsen Ebrahimi
OBJECTIVE: Although the Manchester Triage System (MTS) was first developed two decades ago, the reliability of the MTS has not been questioned through comparison with a moderating variable; therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the extent of the reliability of MTS using a meta-analytic review. METHOD: Electronic databases were searched up to March 1st, 2014. Studies were only included if they had reported sample sizes, reliability coefficients, and adequate description of the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) reliability assessment...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787936/magnesium-sulphate-for-postoperative-complications-in-children-undergoing-tonsillectomies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Xie Min, L I Xiang-Kui, Peng Yu
OBJECTIVE: Previous systematical reviews showed that systemic magnesium decreased postoperative pain and reduced morphine use without any reported serious adverse effects in adults. However studies in children yielded different results. So we conducted a systematic review to evaluate the impact of magnesium sulphate on postoperative complications in Children undergoing tonsillectomies. METHODS: The PubMed, EMbase via OVID, CENTRAL, WHO ICTRP were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that addressed the effect of magnesium for postoperative pain, agitation and complications in children undergoing tonsillectomies...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792271/exercise-and-bmi-z-score-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#5
Kelley George, Kelley Kristi, Pate Russell
AIM: Examine the effects of selected types of exercise (aerobic, strength training, both) on BMI z-score in overweight and obese children and adolescents. METHODS: Randomized exercise intervention trials ≥ 4 weeks were included. Studies were retrieved by searching six electronic databases, cross-referencing and expert review. Dual selection and abstraction occurred. Risk of bias and confidence in cumulative evidence were assessed. Network meta-analysis was performed using multivariate random-effects meta-regression models while surface under the cumulative ranking curves were used to calculate a hierarchy of exercise treatments...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792277/association-of-umbilical-hernia-with-volume-of-ascites-in-liver-cirrhosis-a-retrospective-observational-study
#6
Ran Wang, Xingshun Qi, Ying Peng, Han Deng, Jing Li, Zheng Ning, Junna Dai, Feifei Hou, Jiancheng Zhao, Xiaozhong Guo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Umbilical hernia is a common abdominal complication in cirrhotic patients with ascites. Our study aimed to evaluate the correlation of umbilical hernia with the volume of ascites. METHODS: Cirrhotic patients that underwent axial abdomino-pelvic computed tomography (CT) scans at our hospital between June 2012 and June 2014 were eligible. All CT images were reviewed to confirm the presence of umbilical hernia. The volume of ascites was estimated by five-point method...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792276/diagnostic-accuracy-of-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-for-esophageal-varices-in-liver-cirrhosis-a-retrospective-observational-study
#7
Han Deng, Xingshun Qi, Yongguo Zhang, Ying Peng, Jing Li, Xiaozhong Guo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Esophageal variceal bleeding is a life-threatening complication of liver cirrhosis. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was the gold standard for the diagnosis of esophageal varices (EVs). The study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of EVs and moderate-severe EVs in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Medical records in cirrhotic patients who were admitted to our hospital between June 2012 and June 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792263/the-prevalence-of-impaired-glucose-regulation-in-anxiety-disorder-patients-and-the-relationship-with-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-and-hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid-axis-activity
#8
Yaling Zhou, Zaiquan Dong, Ruhan A, Zongbing Liao, Jing Guo, Cancan Liu, Xueli Sun
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of impaired glucose regulation (IGR) in patients with anxiety disorders and the relationship with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) and hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axes function. METHODS: From September 2013 to May 2015, a total of 646 patients with anxiety disorders who matched the criteria of the 10(th) revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems participated in our study, which was conducted in the Psychiatric Inpatient Department of the West China Hospital of Sichuan University...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529603/improving-general-evaluation-of-clinical-consensus-statement-in-chinese-medicine-by-integrating-chinese-and-western-medicine-and-multidisciplinary-approaches
#9
Yongyan Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487013/contemporary-methodological-issues-in-drug-development-the-functionality-of-blinding-is-poorly-studied
#10
Segun Bello
Blinding is an important methodological principle in drug development. This article reviews the functionality of blinding within the context of bias minimizing structures of randomized clinical trials. Blinding is not well understood and not well studied. The risk of bias domain 'blinding' is commonly assumed to be 'low-risk' whenever readers come across randomized clinical trials labelled as 'blinded'. However, empirical evidence has shown that this assumption cannot be taken for granted. The functionality of blinding techniques in preventing bias requires further studies...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481328/a-rethink-of-fusion-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#11
Ai-Min Wu, Tie-Jun Tong, Xiang-Yang Wang
Lumbar spinal stenosis is caused by the gradual narrowing of spinal canal and compressing of nerve, leading to intermittent claudication, leg pain and walking disability. It is one of the most common spinal disorders in elderly patients (1-3), and is estimated to rise to 64 million elderly adults by the year 2025 (4). How to choose decompression alone or decompression plus fusion is an old and persistent issue (5-7), which was raised again as a hot topic by two recent multicenter RCTs papers published in the same issue of N Engl J Med (8, 9)...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27481182/whether-heart-blocks-post-perimembranous-ventricular-septal-defect-device-closure-remain-threatening-how-could-chinese-experiences-impact-the-world
#12
Yifei Li, Kaiyu Zhou, Yimin Hua
Transcatheter closure has become one of the alternations of surgical treatment Since 1988. However, cAVB occurred as a threatening incidence of 6.8% after Amplatzer VSD Occluder closure, which was quite higher than the incidence of 1-2% post surgical closure, which leaded this kind of technique was not approved by FDA. In this commentary, we reviewed the publications of cAVB following the device closure, and summarized current data of Modified Amplatzer-type Occluder during long term follow-up. Especially introduced the experiences from China, where this kind of treatment became a routine procedure for VSD children...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376587/the-effects-of-napping-on-the-risk-of-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Charat Thongprayoon, Narat Srivali, Priya Vijayvargiya, Carl A Andersen, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, Insara J Jaffer Sathick, Sean M Caples, Stephen B Erickson
OBJECTIVE: The risk of hypertension in adults who regularly take a nap is controversial. The objective of this meta-analysis was to assess the associations between napping and hypertension. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMbase and The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from inception through October, 2015. Studies that reported relative risks, odd ratios or hazard ratios comparing the risk of hypertension in individuals who regularly take nap were included...
July 4, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376482/cisplatin-for-testicular-germ-cell-tumors-a-rapid-review
#14
Zhiqiang Hu, Jiajie Yu, Ge Gui, Yuan Chen, Rui Huang, Lucan Jiang, Liang Du, Joey S W Kwong, Youping Li, Lingli Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Cisplatin is one of efficacious medicines for TGCT, but is not in 18(th) WHO EML now. The Union for International Cancer Control recommended cisplatin to the 19(th) WHO EML for TGCT. To evaluate the effectiveness, safety and cost of cisplatin for TGCT according to the requirements of WHO EML Expert Committee, and to provide the evidence whether cisplatin should be included in WHO EML. METHODS: We searched The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, NHS EED, U...
July 4, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339667/pharmacodynamic-comparison-of-rocuronium-bromide-between-patients-from-the-plateau-area-and-from-the-plain-area
#15
Min Xie, Jianxin Huang, Peng Li, Zhiyan Ou, Jing Hou
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to conduct a pharmacodynamic comparison of rocuronium bromide between patients from the plateau area and from the plain area. METHODS: A total of 104 patients who received laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital and Aba Autonomous Prefecture People's Hospital from October 2015 to December 2015 were included in this study. Among them, 46 patients were from the plateau area and 58 were from the plain area. Both groups received total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with a dose of 0...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314627/the-effects-of-contrast-media-volume-on-acute-kidney-injury-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Charat Thongprayoon, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Alexander J Podboy, Erin A Gillaspie, Kevin L Greason, Kianoush B Kashani
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this systematic review was to assess the effects of contrast media volume on transcatheter aortic valve replacement-related acute kidney injury. METHODS: A literature search was performed using Medline, EMbase, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and clinicaltrials.gov from the inception of these databases through December 2015. Studies that reported relative risk, odds ratio, or hazard ratio comparing the risks of acute kidney injury following transcatheter aortic valve replacement in patients who received high contrast media volume, were included...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314553/isolated-roux-en-y-pancreaticojejunostomy-versus-conventional-pancreaticojejunostomy-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Li Hui Deng, Jun Jie Xiong, Qing Xia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the advantage between isolated Roux loop pancreaticojejunostomy (IPJ) and conventional pancreaticojejunostomy (CPJ) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). METHODS: Comparative studies on this topic published between January 1976 and April 2015 in PubMed, EMbase, EBSCO, Science Citation Index Expanded and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) in The Cochrane Library were searched, and selected based on specific inclusion and exclusion criteria...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27305320/outcomes-of-infants-followed-up-at-least-12-months-after-fetal-open-and-endoscopic-surgery-for-meningomyelocele-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Edward Araujo, Gabriele Tonni, Wellington P Martins
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of infants followed-up at least 12 months after open and endoscopic fetal surgery for the treatment of spina bifida. METHODS: A searching in The Cochrane Library, LILACS, PubMed and SCOPUS databases for fetal meningomyelocele (MMC) open or endoscopic surgery in humans from 2003 on-wards with follow-up at least 12 months. The rate of the estimated proportions was evaluated by the 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: A total of 19 studies were finally included (17 open and 2 endoscopic surgery)...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203378/effect-of-hatha-yoga-on-anxiety-a-meta-analysis
#19
Stefan G Hofmann, Giovanbattista Andreoli, Joseph K Carpenter, Joshua Curtiss
OBJECTIVE: Some evidence suggests that Hatha yoga might be an effective practice to reduce anxiety. To examine the effect of Hatha yoga on anxiety, we conducted a meta-analysis of relevant studies extracted from PubMed, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, and manual searches. METHODS: The search identified 17 studies (11 waitlist controlled trials) totaling 501 participants who received Hatha yoga and who reported their levels of anxiety before and after the practice...
May 20, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203189/characteristics-of-anti-cancer-drug-studies-registered-on-the-chinese-clinical-trial-registry-chictr-from-2007-to-2015
#20
Menghuan Song, Hong Guo, Hong Chen, Hao Hu
OBJECTIVE: This research aims to examine the basic and methodological characteristics of anti-cancer drug studies registered on the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR) and explores the progress of implementation of good clinical practice (GCP) and the challenges it poses for anti-cancer drug research in China. METHODS: The studies from 2007 to 2015 were downloaded from the ChiCTR and those involving anti-cancer drugs with evaluation of the main dimensions. The numerical trend of the studies registered each year was analysed...
May 20, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
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