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Journal of Evidence-based Medicine

Pujng Zhao, Yaqin Li, Zhi Li, Pengli Jia, Longhao Zhang, Mingming Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To identify and qualitatively describe, in a literature review, how the instruments were used to evaluate patient safety culture in the operating rooms of published studies. METHODS: Systematic searches of the literature were conducted using the major database including MEDLINE, EMbase, Cochrane Library and four Chinese databases including Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Wanfang Data, Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and Chinese Journals Full-text Database (CNKI) for studies published up to March 2016...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Anneliese Synnot, Adrian Karlsson, Lisa Brichko, Melissa Chee, Mark Fitzgerald, Mahesh C Misra, Teresa Howard, Joseph Mathew, Thomas Rotter, Michelle Fiander, Russell L Gruen, Amit Gupta, Satish Dharap, Madonna Fahey, Michael Stephenson, Gerard O'Reilly, Peter Cameron, Biswadev Mitra
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to determine the effect of prehospital notification systems for major trauma patients on overall (< 30 days) and early (< 24 hours) mortality, hospital reception and trauma team presence (or equivalent) on arrival, time to critical interventions and length of hospital stay. METHODS: Experimental and observational studies of pre-hospital notification compared with no notification or another type of notification in major trauma patients requiring emergency transport were included...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Charat Thongprayoon, Karn Wijarnpreecha, Donald G Mitema, Michael A Mao, Pitchaphon Nissaisorakarn, Alexander Podboy, Wonngarm Kittanamongkolchai, Ankit Sakhuja, Stephen B Erickson
OBJECTIVE: The study's aims were (1) to investigate the prevalence and (2) to assess the risk of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed from inception until September 2016. Studies that reported prevalence, relative risks, odd ratios, or hazard ratios of H. pylori among kidney transplant recipients were included. Pooled risk ratios and 95% CI were calculated using a random-effect model...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Véronique Huygelen, Vere Borra, Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove
AIM: Providing evidence-based first aid training to lay people is a cost-effective intervention. This systematic review aimed to collect the best available evidence on effective methods to remove a tick, performed by lay people. METHODS: A systematic search was performed searching the Cochrane Library (via Wiley), MEDLINE (via the PubMed interface) and Embase (via the interface) to identify studies with evidence on tick removal strategies. Study selection was performed by two independent reviewers and data extraction was achieved in a tabular format...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Zhang Lingli, Li Bo, Liu Zhanqiang, Li Mengtao, Zheng Hong, Sun Yang
OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the proper understanding of the content of "Promoting Innovation and Access to Quality, Safe, Efficacious and Affordable Medicines for Children" resolution of 69(th) World Health Assembly, and facilitate the policy making and implication of the resolution. METHODS: Through descriptive analysis, introduce the proposal background and approving process of the resolution, and interpret the resolution content. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The approval of "Promoting Innovation and Access to Quality, Safe, Efficacious and Affordable Medicines for Children" at WHA represents China's international discourse right on improving the basic medical service among children, the most vulnerable population; highlights China's responsibility and magnitude of a great nation...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
James E G Charlesworth, Grace Petkovic, John M Kelley, Monika Hunter, Igho Onakpoya, Nia Roberts, Franklin G Miller, Jeremy Howick
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of open-label placebos compared with no treatment in a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Injuries Group's Specialised Register, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Ovid MEDLINE(R) In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations (OvidSP), EMBASE (OvidSP), and clinical trials registers and screened reference lists. The search was run on April 27(th) 2015. We included all randomised controlled trials of any medical condition with open-label placebo and no-treatment groups...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Jing Wang, Danhua Wang, Yanling Chen, Qin Zhou, Hong Xie, Jin Chen, Youping Li
OBJECTIVE: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) was designed to foster student critical thinking (CT) while conveying knowledge to them. Chinese medical schools have adopted EBM to a varying degree but studies to examine its intended effect are few. This study evaluates the effect of an EBM course on Chinese medical student CT. METHODS: A total of 158 medical students at a Chinese medical school took a seven-category Chinese version of the critical thinking disposition inventory (CTDI-CV) before and after taking an EBM course...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Xiaoqin Zhou, Xinyu Wu, Huan Sun, Jing Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Alison M Layton, Heather Whitehouse, E Anne Eady, Fiona Cowdell, Katharine L Warburton, Mark Fenton
OBJECTIVE: To collect information about how people with acne make day-to-day decisions concerning the effectiveness of their treatment. METHODS: Between May and August 2013, an optional question was embedded in the James Lind Alliance Acne Priority Setting Partnership's online survey to collect treatment uncertainties. The question asked people with acne to "Tell us in your own words how you decide if your treatment has been effective." RESULTS: A total of 742 respondents specified at least one outcome or means of assessing change (outcome measure)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Mansoureh Feizabadi, Fatemeh Fahimnia, Alireza Mosavi Jarrahi, Nader Naghshineh, Shahram Tofighi
BACKGROUND: It is important to specify the disease under investigation in studies registered in clinical trial registration systems. The demand for research on priority public health needs is notably on the rise. One indicator which helps identify the priorities of community public health and medical systems is the burden of disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information on clinical trials carried out in Iran was downloaded from the portal of the International Clinical Trials Registry website...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Mike Clarke, Youping Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Jaiberth Antonio Cardona-Arias, Liliana López-Carvajal, Mery Patricia Tamayo Plata, Iván Darío-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis is toxic, has contraindications and a high cost. The objective of this study was to estimate the cost-effectiveness of thermotherapy versus pentavalent antimonials for the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. METHODS: Effectiveness was the proportion of healing, and safety with the adverse effects; these parameters were estimated from a controlled clinical trial and a meta-analysis. A standard costing were conducted...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Jie Song, Lingli Zhang, Youping Li, Linan Zeng, Die Hu, Yi Liang, Dan Liu
OBJECTIVE: We searched and described existing drug-related indicators, and provided helps for using indicators for quality assessment of drug use and developing new indicators. METHODS: We searched 8 databases and 41 official WebPages of national pharmaceutical administration department or academic organizations to obtain literature on drug-related indicators. Researchers extracted data including basic information (countries, issue time et al.), target population, categories, and various characters of indicators...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Lu Liu, Yuan Xiao, Wenjing Zhang, Li Yao, Xin Gao, Shah Chandan, Su Lui
OBJECTIVE: Dysphagia is a common problem in stroke patients with unclear pathogenesis. Several recent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies had been carried out to explore the cerebral functional changes in dysphagic stroke patients. The aim of this study was to analysis these imaging findings using a meta-analysis. METHODS: We used seed-based d mapping (SDM) to conduct a meta-analysis for dysphagic stroke patients prior to any kind of special treatment for dysphagia...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Xiaoyan Yang, Hailong Zhou, Xiaoping Pan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the risk factors of pulmonary tuberculosis incidence in Wenchuan earthquake-stricken area during a nine-year period of time. METHODS: The incidence and socioeconomic indicators in the 181 counties of Sichuan province from 2004 to 2012 were collected, multilevel extra-Poisson model was performed for variable screening, and Bayesian spatiotemporal models were fitted. RESULTS: The morbidity showed a downward time trend from 2004 to 2012...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Mike Clarke, Youping Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Paul Gorczynski, Karen Burnell, Ann Dewey, Joseph T Costello
Evidence based practice (EBP) is a process that involves making conscientious decisions that take into account the best available information, clinical expertise, and values and experiences of the patient. EBP helps empower health care professionals to establish service provisions that are clinically excellent, cost-effective, and culturally sensitive to the wishes of their patients. With a need for rapid integration of new evidence into EBP, systematic reviews and meta-analyses have become important tools for health care professionals...
February 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Georgios Vlachopanos, Farid Girgis Ghalli
In the clinical context of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), thrombosis and bleeding risks are simultaneously increased and may have devastating consequences. While anticoagulant and antiplatelet drugs are indispensable for the prevention of thromboembolic events, the significantly higher bleeding risk makes their handling extremely complicated. In ESRD, they are frequently administered for a wide array of conditions. For example, atrial fibrillation is quite common in ESRD and warrants the use of anticoagulants like warfarin...
February 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
George A Kelley, Kristi Sharpe Kelley
OBJECTIVE: Conduct a systematic review of previous meta-analyses on exercise and sleep outcomes in adults and a meta-analysis of studies nested within these meta-analyses. METHODS: Meta-analyses of randomized controlled exercise interventions were included by searching nine electronic databases and cross-referencing. Dual-selection and data abstraction were conducted. Methodological quality of meta-analyses was assessed using AMSTAR and quality of evidence using GRADE...
February 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
Han Deng, Xingshun Qi, Yongguo Zhang, Ying Peng, Jing Li, Xiaozhong Guo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Esophageal variceal bleeding is a life-threatening complication of liver cirrhosis. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was the gold standard for the diagnosis of esophageal varices (EVs). The study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of EVs and moderate-severe EVs in patients with liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Medical records in cirrhotic patients who were admitted to our hospital between June 2012 and June 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
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