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Global Health Promotion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730930/empowerment-challenges-in-measurement
#1
Ruth Cross, James Woodall, Louise Warwick-Booth
Empowerment is core to health promotion; however, there is a lack of consensus in the wider literature as to how to define it and at what level it may occur. Definitional inconsistency inevitably leads to challenges in measuring empowerment; yet if it is as important as is claimed, this must be addressed. This paper discusses the complexities of measuring empowerment and puts forward a number of recommendations for researchers and policy makers as to how this can be achieved noting some of the tensions that may arise between theoretical considerations, research and practice...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730875/the-influence-of-fatalistic-beliefs-on-health-beliefs-among-diabetics-in-khartoum-sudan-a-comparison-between-coptic-christians-and-sunni-muslims
#2
Dana Hag Hamed, Marguerite Daniel
Although there are many studies assessing the influence of religious beliefs on health they do not agree on whether the impact is positive or negative. More so, there is no consensus in the available literature on the definition of fatalism and what it means to individuals. In this phenomenological study we attempt to define what religious fatalism means to people living with diabetes in Khartoum, and how it affects their health beliefs, and how those beliefs affect their sense of coherence and generalized resistance resources, since salutogenesis is the guiding theory in this study...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719754/influence-of-community-satisfaction-with-individual-happiness-comparative-study-in-semi-urban-and-rural-areas-of-tikapur-nepal
#3
Myung-Bae Park, Chun-Bae Kim, Chhabi Ranabhat, Chang-Soo Kim, Sei-Jin Chang, Dong-Won Ahn, Young-Kyoo Joo
Happiness is a subjective indicator of overall living conditions and quality of life. Recently, community- and national-level investigations connecting happiness and community satisfaction were conducted. This study investigated the effects of community satisfaction on happiness in Nepal. A factor analysis was employed to examine 24 items that are used to measure community satisfaction, and a multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of these factors on happiness. In semi-urban areas, sanitation showed a positive relationship with happiness...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704138/evaluation-of-a-successful-aging-promotion-intervention-program-for-middle-aged-adults-in-taiwan
#4
Hui-Chuan Hsu, Shu-Hui Chuang, Shang-Wei Hsu, Ho-Jui Tung, Shu-Ching Chang, Ming-Ming Lee, Jiun-Yi Wang, Li-Ting Kuo, Fang-Ya Tseng, An-Ting Po
PURPOSE: This study was to implement and evaluate a successful aging intervention program for middle-aged private insurance beneficiaries. METHODS: The participants were recruited from the staff and middle-aged clients for the experimental and control groups of a private insurance company. The two client (experimental and control) groups were matched by comparable age groups, gender, education, and purchased insurance types. The intervention program provided for the staff and the experimental group consisted of a series of educational courses on the topics about successful aging and preparation for 4 months...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704137/uruguayan-secondary-school-students-speak-up-about-tobacco-results-from-focus-group-discussions-in-and-around-montevideo
#5
Erin Peterson, Melissa Harrell, Andrew Springer, José Medina, Lucía Martinez, Cheryl Perry, Diego Estol
This qualitative research study investigated intrapersonal, interpersonal, and environmental factors that shape young adolescent tobacco use behaviors in Uruguay. Focus groups were conducted in the summer of 2012 and fall of 2013 in four secondary schools in Montevideo, Uruguay, including two private schools and two public schools. A total of four focus groups were led in each school, composed of 4-6 students each, 16 focus groups in total. Data analysis utilized NVivo software and included deductive and inductive content analysis...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691637/sociodemographic-correlates-of-physical-activity-and-screen-time-among-adolescents-in-canada-and-guatemala-results-from-the-compass-system
#6
Eun-Young Lee, Stephen Hunter, Scott T Leatherdale, Valerie Carson
This study was to compare the levels of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) between Canadian and Guatemalan adolescents, and to examine associations of sociodemographic variables with PA and screen time among adolescents in Canada and Guatemala. Self-reported, cross-sectional data from students in grades 9-12 who participated in the 2015 COMPASS study (Canada; n = 39,817; mean age = 15.6 years) and COMPASS-Guatemala ( n = 1,221; mean age = 15.1 years) were used. Sociodemographic variables included age, gender, ethnicity (exclusively among Canadians), and weekly money allowance...
July 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492095/%C3%A2-pueden-%C3%A2-viajar%C3%A2-las-gu%C3%A3-as-nice-reflexiones-sobre-su-aplicabilidad-en-la-comunitat-valenciana-en-espa%C3%A3-a
#7
Joan J Paredes-Carbonell, Y Antony Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485220/menstrual-hygiene-management-among-adolescent-girls-in-sub-saharan-africa
#8
Derrick Ssewanyana, Byron Kiiza Yafesi Bitanihirwe
Menstruation is a delicate physiological process through which a shedding of uterine lining occurs each month in females of reproductive age. Often considered a taboo subject, menstruation is seldom openly discussed in developing parts of the world. This article explores menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in sub-Saharan Africa and emphasizes the urgent and neglected need for feasible solutions, especially among adolescent girls. Optimizing menstrual hygiene interventions will require an integration of both knowledge and skill training gained through education on MHM alongside an improvement of access to girl-friendly water, sanitation and hygiene facilities in addition to access to low-cost hygienic sanitary products...
May 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650772/l-analyse-de-contribution-pour-%C3%A3-valuer-l-impact-de-la-d%C3%A3-marche-%C3%A3-is-sur-les-processus-d%C3%A3-cisionnels-municipaux-un-choix-m%C3%A3-thodologique-int%C3%A3-ressant
#9
Kareen Nour, Mariève M Lafontaine, Astrid Brousselle, Pernelle Smits, Jean-Marie Buregeya, Julie Loslier, Jean-Louis Denis
La pertinence de l'évaluation d'impact sur la santé (ÉIS) pour promouvoir le développement de politiques publiques favorables à la santé au sein des municipalités est de plus en plus reconnue. L'appréciation des effets d'une démarche d'ÉIS sur les processus décisionnels d'acteurs municipaux peut toutefois être difficile en raison de la multitude d'influences sociales, économiques, géographiques et personnelles auxquels ils sont soumis. Dans un tel contexte, l'approche évaluative de l'analyse de contribution (AC) s'avère particulièrement intéressante puisqu'elle permet de documenter les facteurs menant à l'efficacité d'une intervention en tenant compte des éléments du contexte...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650771/l-%C3%A3-valuation-d-impact-sur-la-sant%C3%A3-pour-la-promotion-de-la-sant%C3%A3-l-%C3%A3-ducation-pour-la-sant%C3%A3-et-l-apprentissage
#10
Ben Harris-Roxas, Monica O'Mullane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650770/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650769/la-evaluaci%C3%A3-n-del-impacto-en-la-salud-para-la-promoci%C3%A3-n-la-educaci%C3%A3-n-y-el-aprendizaje-en-este-campo
#12
Ben Harris-Roxas, Monica O'Mullane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650767/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556769/health-impact-assessment-for-health-promotion-education-and-learning
#14
Ben Harris-Roxas, Monica O'Mullane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535718/health-impact-assessment-on-urban-development-projects-in-france-finding-pathways-to-fit-practice-to-context
#15
Anne Roué-Le Gall, Françoise Jabot
In France, there is increasing interest in health impact assessments (HIAs) and most are performed on urban projects. The field of expertise is still under development and mostly established within the public health sector. To date, in France, all HIAs conducted in urban planning are stand-alone HIAs disconnected from the required environmental impact assessment (EIA). The paper opens with an introduction of the close and complex relationship between health and urban planning, HIA and a description of key elements needed for understanding the French context...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492098/l-%C3%A3-valuation-d-impact-sur-la-sant%C3%A3-en-mont%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-gie-un-processus-appuy%C3%A3-sur-le-courtage-de-connaissances
#16
Émile Tremblay, Louise St-Pierre, Christian Viens
Le présent article fait état du modèle de soutien à la prise de décision appliqué à l'évaluation d'impact sur la santé (EIS) en Montérégie, au Canada. Pour répondre à la volonté de soutenir l'élaboration de politiques et projets municipaux favorables à la santé et fondés sur les données probantes, la Direction de santé publique a mis en œuvre une démarche d'EIS dont les fondements pratiques s'inspirent des expériences internationales en matière d'EIS et dont les assises théoriques reposent sur le partage et le courtage de connaissances...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482734/is-hia-the-most-effective-tool-to-assess-the-impact-on-health-of-climate-change-mitigation-policies-at-the-local-level-a-case-study-in-geneva-switzerland
#17
Thierno Diallo, Nicola Cantoreggi, Jean Simos, Derek P T H Christie
This study aims to understand how the health dimension is integrated into four impact assessment tools used in Geneva, Switzerland: environmental impact assessment (EIA), strategic environmental assessment (SEA), sustainability assessment (SA) and health impact assessment (HIA). We have chosen as a case study greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction policies chosen by the city of Geneva. The methodological approach consists in analysing EIA, SEA, SA and HIA conducted on three projects in three topic areas: urban planning, heating and transportation...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436297/health-impact-assessment-hia-of-political-proposals-at-the-local-level-successful-introduction-but-what-has-happened-15-years-later
#18
Karin Berensson, Per Tillgren
Health impact assessments (HIAs) were first introduced in Sweden in the mid-to-late 1990s, with the aim of placing health issues on the political agenda and helping to reduce health inequalities. In the early 2000s, HIAs entered a second phase and the Swedish Parliament adopted a national public health policy. A national survey conducted in 2001 showed that 10/289 municipalities had begun to use HIA and 55/289 had decided to use HIA or had initiated an adoption process. In a 2013 follow-up study based on a strategic sample of municipalities, 9/36 municipalities reported using HIA and/or similar tools...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379092/exploration-of-the-functions-of-health-impact-assessment-in-real-world-policymaking-in-the-field-of-social-health-inequality-towards-a-conception-of-conceptual-learning
#19
Gille Feyaerts, Murielle Deguerry, Patrick Deboosere, Myriam De Spiegelaere
With the implementation of health impact assessment (HIA)'s conceptual model into real-world policymaking, a number of fundamental issues arise concerning its decision-support function. Rooted in a rational vision of the decision-making process, focus regarding both conceptualisation and evaluation has been mainly on the function of instrumental policy-learning. However, in the field of social health inequalities, this function is strongly limited by the intrinsic 'wickedness' of the policy issue. Focusing almost exclusively on this instrumental function, the real influence HIA can have on policymaking in the longer term is underestimated and remains largely unexploited...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353403/the-urgent-need-for-health-impact-assessment-proposing-a-transdisciplinary-approach-to-the-e-waste-crisis-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
Dinah Tetteh, Lara Lengel
Electronic waste (e-waste) is a growing health and environmental concern in developing countries. In the sub-Saharan African region e-waste is considered a crisis with no end in sight yet; there is lack of structures and regulations to manage the problem. In this article, we discuss the potential of Health Impact Assessment (HIA) in addressing the health, environmental, and social impacts of e-waste in sub-Saharan Africa. We draw from environmental policy, environmental communication, global health policy, and health communication to argue that managing e-waste could be framed as ongoing HIA where all the steps of HIA are performed on a rolling basis with input from local communities...
June 2017: Global Health Promotion
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