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Global Health Action

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333581/the-social-construction-of-fibromyalgia-as-a-health-problem-from-the-perspective-of-policies-professionals-and-patients
#1
Erica Briones-Vozmediano
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a painful chronic disease, suffered mainly by women, that consolidates a number of symptoms and skeletal muscle issues which are little understood. OBJECTIVES: To explore the social construction of FM from the perspective of health policies, patients, and health professionals involved in their medical attention. METHODS: I) Policy review of national and regional health plans in a national and international context, the clinical protocols for fibromyalgia in Spain, and the Parliamentary initials in the European and Spanish context; and ii) Qualitative study involving 28 personal interviews with 16 fibromyalgia patients and 12 interviews with health care professionals in Spain...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304235/the-importance-of-taking-into-account-different-perspectives-of-a-health-problem-the-case-of-fibromyalgia
#2
Anna-Britt Coe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245710/diabetes-and-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-global-overview-with-special-focus-on-the-situation-in-asian-countries-with-high-tb-dm-burden
#3
Chunlan Zheng, Minhui Hu, Feng Gao
BACKGROUND: The double burden of tuberculosis (TB) and diabetes mellitus (DM) is hitting certain Asian countries harder than other areas. In a global estimate, 15% of all TB cases could be attributable to DM, with 40% of those cases coming from India and China. Many other countries of South, East, and South-East Asia are of particular concern given their TB burdens, large projected increases in DM prevalence, and population size. OBJECTIVE: In this narrative review, we aimed to: (i) give an overall insight into the evidence on TB-DM epidemiology from high double burden Asian countries, (ii) present the evidence on bi-directional screening implementation in this region, (iii) discuss possible factors related to higher TB susceptibility of Asian diabetic patients, and (iv) identify TB-DM comorbidity treatment challenges...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222653/who-is-a-community-health-worker-a-systematic-review-of-definitions
#4
Abimbola Olaniran, Helen Smith, Regine Unkels, Sarah Bar-Zeev, Nynke van den Broek
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) can play vital roles in increasing coverage of basic health services. However, there is a need for a systematic categorisation of CHWs that will aid common understanding among policy makers, programme planners, and researchers. OBJECTIVE: To identify the common themes in the definitions and descriptions of CHWs that will aid delineation within this cadre and distinguish CHWs from other healthcare providers. DESIGN: A systematic review of peer-reviewed papers and grey literature...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218547/short-term-volunteer-health-trips-aligning-host-community-preferences-and-organizer-practices
#5
Michael D Rozier, Judith N Lasker, Bruce Compton
BACKGROUND: Short-term medical missions (STMMs) are quite common and largely understood to be a response to health needs in low-income countries. Yet most information about STMM practices is anecdotal. Even less is known about the preferences of in-country host communities regarding STMMs. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to gather enough quantitative and qualitative information from both STMM organizers and host community staff to compare dominant practices of organizers as well as preferences of host community staff...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169606/the-real-life-number-of-neonatal-doses-of-bacille-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-vaccine-in-a-20-dose-vial
#6
Frederik Schaltz-Buchholzer, Hannah Nørtoft Frankel, Christine Stabell Benn
BACKGROUND: Reducing vaccine wastage is important. Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is produced in vials of 20 infant doses. The reconstituted vaccine is discarded after 4-6 hours. Therefore, to reduce vaccine wastage, a 20-dose vial of BCG is often only opened if at least 10-12 infants are present, jeopardising BCG vaccination coverage and timely vaccination. We observed that nurses were not able to withdraw 20 doses from the vials and aimed to quantify how many doses could be obtained from these vials by experienced nurses under real-life circumstances...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168932/the-impact-of-the-worldwide-millennium-development-goals-campaign-on-maternal-and-under-five-child-mortality-reduction-where-did-the-worldwide-campaign-work-most-effectively
#7
Seungman Cha
BACKGROUND: As the Millennium Development Goals campaign (MDGs) came to a close, clear evidence was needed on the contribution of the worldwide MDG campaign. OBJECTIVE: We seek to determine the degree of difference in the reduction rate between the pre-MDG and MDG campaign periods and its statistical significance by region. DESIGN: Unlike the prevailing studies that measured progress in 1990-2010, this study explores by percentage how much MDG progress has been achieved during the MDG campaign period and quantifies the impact of the MDG campaign on the maternal and under-five child mortality reduction during the MDG era by comparing observed values with counterfactual values estimated on the basis of the historical trend...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156197/risk-factors-for-perinatal-mortality-in-murmansk-county-russia-a-registry-based-study
#8
Anna A Usynina, Andrej M Grjibovski, Alexandra Krettek, Jon Øyvind Odland, Alexander V Kudryavtsev, Erik Eik Anda
BACKGROUND: Factors contributing to perinatal mortality (PM) in Northwest Russia remain unclear. This study investigated possible associations between selected maternal and fetal characteristics and PM based on data from the population-based Murmansk County Birth Registry. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated possible associations between selected maternal and fetal characteristics and PM based on data from the population-based Murmansk County Birth Registry. METHODS: The study population consisted of all live- and stillbirths registered in the Murmansk County Birth Registry during 2006-2011 (n = 52,806)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156196/the-potential-for-political-leadership-in-hiv-aids-communication-campaigns-in-sub-saharan-africa
#9
Abraar Karan, Emily Hartford, Thomas J Coates
BACKGROUND: The HIV/AIDS epidemic has become a point of important political concern for governments especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical and public health interventions to curb the epidemic can be greatly enhanced with the strategic support of political leaders. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the role of national political leadership in large-scale HIV/AIDS communications campaigns in 14 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We primarily reviewed grey and white literature published from 2005-2014...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145817/design-and-methodology-of-a-mixed-methods-follow-up-study-to-the-2014-ghana-demographic-and-health-survey
#10
Sarah Staveteig, Richmond Aryeetey, Michael Anie-Ansah, Clement Ahiadeke, Ladys Ortiz
BACKGROUND: The intended meaning behind responses to standard questions posed in large-scale health surveys are not always well understood. Systematic follow-up studies, particularly those which pose a few repeated questions followed by open-ended discussions, are well positioned to gauge stability and consistency of data and to shed light on the intended meaning behind survey responses. Such follow-up studies require extensive coordination and face challenges in protecting respondent confidentiality during the process of recontacting and reinterviewing participants...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137194/integrating-community-based-verbal-autopsy-into-civil-registration-and-vital-statistics-crvs-system-level-considerations
#11
Don de Savigny, Ian Riley, Daniel Chandramohan, Frank Odhiambo, Erin Nichols, Sam Notzon, Carla AbouZahr, Raj Mitra, Daniel Cobos Muñoz, Sonja Firth, Nicolas Maire, Osman Sankoh, Gay Bronson, Philip Setel, Peter Byass, Robert Jakob, Ties Boerma, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: Reliable and representative cause of death (COD) statistics are essential to inform public health policy, respond to emerging health needs, and document progress towards Sustainable Development Goals. However, less than one-third of deaths worldwide are assigned a cause. Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems in low- and lower-middle-income countries are failing to provide timely, complete and accurate vital statistics, and it will still be some time before they can provide physician-certified COD for every death...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28136698/breaking-the-cycles-of-poverty-strategies-achievements-and-lessons-learned-in-los-cuatro-santos-nicaragua-1990-2014
#12
Elmer Zelaya Blandón, Carina Källestål, Rodolfo Peña, Wilton Perez, Staffan Berglund, Mariela Contreras, Lars-Åke Persson
BACKGROUND: In a post-war frontier area in north-western Nicaragua that was severely hit by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, local stakeholders embarked on and facilitated multi-dimensional development initiatives to break the cycles of poverty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the process of priority-setting, and the strategies, guiding principles, activities, achievements, and lessons learned in these local development efforts from 1990 to 2014 in the Cuatro Santos area, Nicaragua...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290781/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#13
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
January 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290780/domestic-violence-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-women-seeking-help-from-domestic-violence-support-services
#14
Giulia Ferrari, Roxane Agnew-Davies, Jayne Bailey, Louise Howard, Emma Howarth, Tim J Peters, Lynnmarie Sardinha, Gene Solomon Feder
Background Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) are associated with increased risk of mental illness, but we know little about the mental health of female DVA survivors seeking support from domestic violence services. Objective Our goal was to characterise the demography and mental health of women who access specialist DVA services in the United Kingdom and to investigate associations between severity of abuse and measures of mental health and health state utility, accounting for important confounders and moderators...
January 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219314/physiotherapeutic-interventions-and-physical-activity-for-children-in-northern-sweden-with-cerebral-palsy-a-register-study-from-equity-and-gender-perspectives
#15
Frida Degerstedt, Maria Wiklund, Birgit Enberg
BACKGROUND: Young people with disabilities, especially physical disabilities, report worse health than others. This may be because of the disability, lower levels of physical activity, and discrimination. For children with cerebral palsy, access to physiotherapy and physical activity is a crucial prerequisite for good health and function. To date, there is limited knowledge regarding potential gender bias and inequity in habilitation services. OBJECTIVES: To map how physiotherapeutic interventions (PTI), physical leisure activity, and physical education are allocated for children with cerebral palsy regarding sex, age, level of gross motor function, and county council affiliation...
January 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219254/-life-under-the-tent-is-not-safe-especially-for-young-women-understanding-intersectional-violence-among-internally-displaced-youth-in-leogane-haiti
#16
Carmen H Logie, CarolAnn Daniel, Uzma Ahmed, Rebecca Lash
BACKGROUND: Haiti's 2010 earthquake devastated social, health, and economic infrastructure and left 2 million persons homeless. Over 6 years later 61,000 people remain displaced, most lacking protection, services, and durable solutions. Structural contexts elevate risks of gender-based violence (GBV) targeting internally displaced (ID) girls and women. OBJECTIVE: We used an intersectionality framework to explore lived experiences and understanding of violence among ID young men and women in Leogane, Haiti...
January 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157057/menstrual-hygiene-management-among-adolescent-schoolgirls-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-research-priorities
#17
Penelope A Phillips-Howard, Bethany Caruso, Belen Torondel, Garazi Zulaika, Murat Sahin, Marni Sommer
Background A lack of adequate guidance on menstrual management; water, disposal, and private changing facilities; and sanitary hygiene materials in low- and middle-income countries leaves schoolgirls with limited options for healthy personal hygiene during monthly menses. While a plethora of observational studies have described how menstrual hygiene management (MHM) barriers in school impact girls' dignity, well-being, and engagement in school activities, studies have yet to confirm if inadequate information and facilities for MHM significantly affects quantifiable school and health outcomes influencing girls' life chances...
January 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157056/beyond-the-checklist-understanding-rural-health-vulnerability-in-a-south-african-context
#18
Richard Vergunst, Leslie Swartz, Gubela Mji, Janis Kritzinger, Stine Hellum Braathen
Background Vulnerability in the past has sometimes been measured and understood in terms of checklists or common understanding. It is argued here that vulnerability is a more complex issue than this. Although checklists of vulnerable groups are important, they do not capture the essence and dynamics of vulnerability. Objective The case of rural health vulnerability in South Africa is discussed to show that classifying people into vulnerable groups does not portray the complexity and intricacies of what it means to have vulnerability...
January 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157055/health-at-the-borders-bayesian-multilevel-analysis-of-women-s-malnutrition-determinants-in-ethiopia
#19
Tefera Darge Delbiso, Jose Manuel Rodriguez-Llanes, Chiara Altare, Bruno Masquelier, Debarati Guha-Sapir
Background Women's malnutrition, particularly undernutrition, remains an important public health challenge in Ethiopia. Although various studies examined the levels and determinants of women's nutritional status, the influence of living close to an international border on women's nutrition has not been investigated. Yet, Ethiopian borders are regularly affected by conflict and refugee flows, which might ultimately impact health. Objective To investigate the impact of living close to borders in the nutritional status of women in Ethiopia, while considering other important covariates...
January 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157054/risk-factors-associated-with-neonatal-deaths-a-matched-case-control-study-in-indonesia
#20
Asnawi Abdullah, Krishna Hort, Yuli Butu, Louise Simpson
Background Similar to global trends, neonatal mortality has fallen only slightly in Indonesia over the period 1990-2010, with a high proportion of deaths in the first week of life. Objective This study aimed to identify risk factors associated with neonatal deaths of low and normal birthweight infants that were amenable to health service intervention at a community level in a relatively poor province of Indonesia. Design A matched case-control study of neonatal deaths reported from selected community health centres (puskesmas) was conducted over 10 months in 2013...
January 2016: Global Health Action
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