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NCHS Data Brief

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442994/prevalence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-and-type-2-in-persons-aged-14-49-united-states-2015-2016
#1
Geraldine McQuillan, Deanna Kruszon-Moran, Elaine W Flagg, Ryne Paulose-Ram
During 2015-2016, prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) was 47.8%, and prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) was 11.9%. Prevalence of both HSV-1 and HSV-2 increased with age. Prevalence of both HSV-1 and HSV-2 was higher among females than males. Prevalence of HSV-1 was highest among Mexican- American persons and lowest among non-Hispanic white persons. HSV-2 prevalence was highest among non-Hispanic black persons and lowest among non-Hispanic Asian persons. Prevalence of both HSV-1 and HSV-2 decreased from 1999-2000 to 2015-2016 (from 59...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442993/parental-report-of-significant-head-injuries-in-children-aged-3-17-years-united-states-2016
#2
Lindsey I Black, Emily P Zammitti, Howard J Hoffman, Chuan-Ming Li
n 2016, based on parental report, 8.3% of boys and 5.6% of girls aged 3-17 years have ever had a significant head injury in their lifetime. As age increased, the percentage of children who have ever had a significant head injury also increased, peaking at 11.7% among children aged 15-17 years. Non-Hispanic white children were more likely to have ever had a significant head injury compared with non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, and other non-Hispanic children. The percentage of children who have ever had a significant head injury was higher among those whose parents had more than a high school education compared with those whose parents had a high school education or less...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442992/emergency-department-visits-by-patients-aged-45-and-over-with-diabetes-united-states-2015
#3
Margaret J Hall, Pinyao Rui, Alexander Schwartzman
In 2015, there were an estimated 12 million emergency department (ED) visits by patients aged 45 and over with diabetes, a rate of 92 per 1,000 persons aged 45 and over. The percentage of all ED visits for patients aged 45 and over made by those with diabetes increased from 2012 to 2015. The diabetes ED visit rate was about 2.5 times higher for those aged 75 and over than the rate for those aged 45-64. Twenty-four percent of the diabetes ED visits for those aged 45-64 had Medicare as the primary expected payment source, compared with 14% of the ED visits for patients aged 45-64 without diabetes...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442991/variation-in-residential-care-community-resident-characteristics-by-size-of-community-united-states-2016
#4
Christine Caffrey, Manisha Sengupta
More residents in residential care communities with more than 25 beds were aged 85 and over compared with smaller communities. A higher percentage of residents in communities with 4-25 beds were receiving Medicaid compared with residents in larger communities. The prevalence of Alzheimer disease and depression was higher among residents of communities with 4-25 beds than in larger communities, but the prevalence of cardiovascular disease was lower. The percentage of residents needing assistance with bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring, walking, or eating was highest in communities with 4-25 beds...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442995/maternal-characteristics-of-prenatal-wic-receipt-in-the-united-states-2016
#5
Anne K Driscoll, Michelle J K Osterman
Four in 10 women (39.6%) who gave birth in the United States in 2016 received prenatal benefits from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants,and Children (WIC).Rates of prenatal WIC receipt declined with increasing maternal age for women under 40. Among the six race and Hispanic-origin groups, receipt of prenatal WIC was highest for Hispanic mothers (61.4%) and lowest for non-Hispanic Asian mothers (23.2%).Receipt of prenatal WIC decreased as maternal education level increased.
January 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319472/state-variations-in-infant-mortality-by-race-and-hispanic-origin-of-mother-2013-2015
#6
T J Matthews, Danielle M Ely, Anne K Driscoll
Data from the National Vital Statistics System: -In 2013-2015, the infant mortality rate by state ranged from 4.28 per 1,000 live births in Massachusetts to 9.08 in Mississippi. -Among the 50 states and the District of Columbia (D.C.), the mortality rate for infants of non-Hispanic white women ranged from 2.52 in D.C. to 7.04 in Arkansas. -For infants of non-Hispanic black women, the mortality rate ranged from 8.27 in Massachusetts to 14.28 in Wisconsin. -The mortality rate for infants of Hispanic women ranged from 3...
January 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319475/drug-overdose-deaths-in-the-united-states-1999-2016
#7
Holly Hedegaard, Margaret Warner, Arialdi M Miniño
Data from the National Vital Statistics System, Mortality: -In 2016, there were more than 63,600 drug overdose deaths in the United States. -The age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths in 2016 (19.8 per 100,000) was 21% higher than the rate in 2015 (16.3). -Among persons aged 15 and over, adults aged 25-34, 35-44, and 45-54 had the highest rates of drug overdose deaths in 2016 at around 35 per 100,000. -West Virginia (52.0 per 100,000), Ohio (39.1), New Hampshire (39.0), the District of Columbia (38.8), and Pennsylvania (37...
December 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319473/mortality-in-the-united-states-2016
#8
Kenneth D Kochanek, Sherry Murphy, Jiaquan Xu, Elizabeth Arias
Data from the National Vital Statistics System: -Life expectancy for the U.S. population in 2016 was 78.6 years, a decrease of 0.1 year from 2015. -The age-adjusted death rate decreased by 0.6% from 733.1 deaths per 100,000 standard population in 2015 to 728.8 in 2016. -Age-specific death rates between 2015 and 2016 increased for younger age groups and decreased for older age groups. The 10 leading causes of death in 2016 remained the same as in 2015, although unintentional injuries became the third leading cause, while chronic lower respiratory diseases became the fourth...
December 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235983/characteristics-of-office-based-physician-visits-2014
#9
Jill J Ashman, Pinyao Rui, Titilayo Okeyode
Key findings Data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey ● In 2014, there were an estimated 282 office-based physician visits per 100 persons. ● The visit rate among females exceeded the rate for males, and the rates for both infants and older adults exceeded the rates for those aged 1-64 years. ● Compared with other age groups, a higher percentage of visits by adults aged 18-64 indicated no insurance. ● A larger percentage of visits by children under age 18 years were for either preventive care or a new problem, compared with adults aged 18 and over...
December 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235982/estimated-prevalence-of-children-with-diagnosed-developmental-disabilities-in-the-united-states-2014-2016
#10
Benjamin Zablotsky, Lindsey I Black, Stephen J Blumberg
Key findings Data from the National Health Interview Survey ● During 2014-2016, the prevalence of children aged 3-17 years who had ever been diagnosed with a developmental disability increased from 5.76% to 6.99%. ● During this same time, the prevalence of diagnosed autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability did not change significantly. ● The prevalence of autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, other developmental delay, and any developmental disability was higher among boys compared with girls...
November 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155689/prevalence-of-obesity-among-adults-and-youth-united-states-2015-2016
#11
Craig M Hales, Margaret D Carroll, Cheryl D Fryar, Cynthia L Ogden
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● In 2015-2016, the prevalence of obesity was 39.8% in adults and 18.5% in youth. ● The prevalence of obesity was higher among middle-aged adults (42.8%) than among younger adults (35.7%). ● The prevalence of obesity was higher among youth aged 6-11 years (18.4%) and adolescents aged 12-19 years (20.6%) compared with children aged 2-5 years (13.9%). ● The overall prevalence of obesity was higher among non-Hispanic black and Hispanic adults than among non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic Asian adults...
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155686/total-and-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-adults-united-states-2015-2016
#12
Margaret D Carroll, Cheryl D Fryar, Duong T Nguyen
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● In 2015-2016, 12.4% of adults had high total cholesterol. ● High total cholesterol prevalence was higher in men aged 40-59 than in those aged 20-39 and 60 and over. In women, prevalence was higher in those aged 40-59 and 60 and over than in those aged 20-39. ● About 18.0% of adults (28.5% of men and 8.9% of women) had low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. ● In men and women, low HDL cholesterol prevalence was higher in Hispanic adults than in non-Hispanic white, black, and Asian adults...
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155682/hypertension-prevalence-and-control-among-adults-united-states-2015-2016
#13
Cheryl D Fryar, Yechiam Ostchega, Craig M Hales, Guangyu Zhang, Deanna Kruszon-Moran
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● During 2015-2016, the prevalence of hypertension was 29.0% and increased with age: age group 18-39, 7.5%; 40-59, 33.2%; and 60 and over, 63.1%. ● Hypertension prevalence was higher among non-Hispanic black (40.3%) than non-Hispanic white (27.8%), non-Hispanic Asian (25.0%), or Hispanic (27.8%) adults. ● Prevalence of controlled hypertension was 48.3% and increased with age for men but not women. ● Hypertension control was higher among non-Hispanic white (50...
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155685/infant-mortality-rates-in-rural-and-urban-areas-in-the-united-states-2014
#14
Danielle M Ely, Anne K Driscoll, T J Matthews
Key findings Data from the National Vital Statistics System ● Infant mortality rates decreased as urbanization level increased, from 6.55 deaths per 1,000 births in rural counties to 6.20 in small and medium urban counties and 5.44 in large urban counties. ● Neonatal mortality rates were higher in rural counties than in large urban counties, and postneonatal mortality rates decreased as urbanization level increased. ● Mortality rates decreased as urbanization level increased for infants of mothers aged 20-29, 30-39, and 40 and over...
September 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155684/births-in-the-united-states-2016
#15
Joyce A Martin, Brady E Hamilton, Michelle J K Osterman
Key findings Data from the National Vital Statistics System ● The U.S. general fertility rate declined to 62.0 births per 1,000 women aged 15-44 in 2016, down 1% from 2015. ● Birth rates declined among women under age 30 in 2016, and rose for women aged 30-44. ● The cesarean delivery rate continued to decline in 2016, down to 31.9% of all births. ● The preterm birth rate rose for the second straight year to 9.85% in 2016. ● The 2016 rate of triplet and higher-order multiple births was 48% lower than the 1998 peak...
September 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922102/sleep-duration-and-quality-among-women-aged-40-59-by-menopausal-status
#16
Anjel Vahratian
Data from the National Health Interview Survey, 2015 ? Among those aged 40?59, perimenopausal women (56.0%) were more likely than postmenopausal (40.5%) and premenopausal (32.5%) women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period. ? Postmenopausal women aged 40?59 were more likely than premenopausal women aged 40?59 to have trouble falling asleep (27.1% compared with 16.8%, respectively), and staying asleep (35.9% compared with 23.7%), four times or more in the past week. ? Postmenopausal women aged 40?59 (55...
September 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155681/drug-overdose-deaths-among-adolescents-aged-15-19-in-the-united-states-1999-2015
#17
Sally C Curtin, Betzaida Tejada-Vera, Margaret Warmer
Data from the National Vital Statistics System ● The death rate due to drug overdose among adolescents aged 15-19 more than doubled from 1999 (1.6 per 100,000) to 2007 (4.2), declined by 26% from 2007 to 2014 (3.1), and then increased in 2015 (3.7). ● The drug overdose death rate increased between 1999 and the mid-2000s for both males and females but only males had a subsequent decline between 2007 and 2014 ● For both male and female adolescents, the majority of drug overdose deaths in 2015 were unintentional...
August 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155680/unmarried-men-s-contraceptive-use-at-recent-sexual-intercourse-united-states-2011-2015
#18
Kimberly Daniels, Joyce C Abma
Key findings Data from the National Survey of Family Growth ● In 2011-2015, 81.7% of unmarried men who had sexual intercourse in the last 3 months reported that they or their female partner used any method of contraception at last sexual intercourse. ● Nearly 60% of unmarried men reported using any male method of contraception at recent sexual intercourse in 2011-2015; 45.2% reported using the male condom. ● Use of withdrawal increased over the three time points shown here: 2002, 2006-2010, and 2011-2015...
August 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155679/antidepressant-use-among-persons-aged-12-and-over-united-states-2011-2014
#19
Laura A Pratt, Debra J Brody, Qiuping Gu
Key findings Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey ● During 2011-2014, 12.7% of persons aged 12 and over, 8.6% of males, and 16.5% of females took antidepressant medication in the past month. ● For both males and females, non-Hispanic white persons were more likely to take antidepressant medication compared with those of other race and Hispanic-origin groups. ● One-fourth of persons who took antidepressant medication had done so for 10 years or more. ● Antidepressant use increased from 1999 to 2014...
August 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696200/vaccination-coverage-among-adults-aged-65-and-over-united-states-2015
#20
Tina Norris, Anjel Vahratian, Robin A Cohen
Data from the National Health Interview Survey ? Among adults aged 65 and over, more than two-thirds had an influenza vaccine in the past 12 months (69.0%). ? More than one in two adults aged 65 and over had a tetanus vaccine in the past 10 years (56.9%). ? More than 6 of 10 adults aged 65 and over had ever had a pneumococcal vaccine (63.6%), while a little more than one-third had ever had a shingles vaccine (34.2%). ? Among adults aged 65 and over, vaccination coverage was highest for non-Hispanic white adults compared with non- Hispanic black and Hispanic adults...
June 2017: NCHS Data Brief
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