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NCHS Data Brief

T J Matthews, Brady E Hamilton
The birth rate for teen mothers aged 15-19 declined 57% from 2000 through 2016. During this time, the rate for young adolescent mothers aged 10-14 also declined. Childbearing by very young mothers is a matter of public concern because of the elevated health risks for these mothers and their infants and the socioeconomic consequences. This report describes recent trends and variations in births to young mothers aged 10-14 by race and Hispanic origin and state.
April 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Eleanor Fleming, Joseph Afful
Dental caries is the most common chronic disease among youth aged 6-19 years. Untreated caries can cause pain and infections. Monitoring prevalence of untreated and total caries (untreated and treated) is key to preventing and controlling oral diseases. This report presents the prevalence of total and untreated caries in primary or permanent teeth among youth aged 2-19 years for 2015-2016, and trends from 2011-2012 through 2015-2016.
April 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Lindsay S Womack, Lauren M Rossen, Joyce A Martin
Low birthweight (LBW) is among the leading causes of infant death in the United States (1). LBW infants are also more likely to have health problems (2). After reaching its highest level in four decades, the LBW rate among all births declined from 2006 to 2014 (3,4), but the trend reversed in 2015 and 2016 when the LBW rate increased (4), moving further away from the Healthy People 2020 goal of reducing LBW rates to 7.8% of live births (5). This report shows trends in LBW, moderately low birthweight (MLBW), and very low birthweight (VLBW) by race and Hispanic origin from 2006 to 2016 for singleton births only, as rates of multiple births can impact LBW rates (4,6)...
March 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Debra J Brody, Laura A Pratt, Jeffery P Hughes
by changes in mood, and cognitive and physical symptoms over a 2-week period (1). It is associated with high societal costs (2) and greater functional impairment than many other chronic diseases, including diabetes and arthritis (3). Depression rates differ by age, sex, income, and health behaviors (4). This report provides the most recent national estimates of depression among adults. Prevalence of depression is based on scores from the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), a symptom-screening questionnaire that allows for criteria-based diagnoses of depressive disorders (5)...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Danielle M Ely, Donna L Hoyert
The leading causes of infant death vary by age at death but were consistent from 2005 to 2015 (1-6). Previous research shows higher infant mortality rates in rural counties compared with urban counties and differences in cause of death for individuals aged 1 year and over by urbanization level (4,5,7,8). No research, however, has examined if mortality rates from the leading causes of infant death differ by urbanization level. This report describes the mortality rates for the five leading causes of infant, neonatal, and postneonatal death in the United States across rural, small and medium urban, and large urban counties defined by maternal residence, as reported on the birth certificate for combined years 2013-2015...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Patrick Drake, Anne K Driscoll, T J Mathews
Maternal tobacco use during pregnancy has been linked to a host of negative infant and child outcomes, including low birthweight, preterm birth, and various birth defects (1-5). The 2003 revision of the U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth included new and modified items on maternal cigarette smoking before and during pregnancy. The 2016 natality data file is the first for which this information is available for all states and the District of Columbia (D.C.). This report presents the prevalence of cigarette smoking at any time during pregnancy among women who gave birth in 2016 in the United States by state of residence as well as maternal race and Hispanic origin, age, and educational attainment...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Geraldine McQuillan, Deanna Kruszon-Moran, Elaine W Flagg, Ryne Paulose-Ram
Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 (HSV-1 and HSV-2) are common, lifelong infections, which often have no symptoms (1). People with symptoms may have painful blisters or sores at the site of infection (2,3). The viruses are transmitted through contact with an infected person’s lesion, mucosal surface, or genital or oral secretions. This report provides recent national estimates of HSV-1 and HSV-2 antibody prevalence from the 2015–2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) among persons aged 14–49 by age, sex, and race and Hispanic origin, and examines trends in prevalence by race and Hispanic origin from 1999–2000 to 2015–2016...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Lindsey I Black, Emily P Zammitti, Howard J Hoffman, Chuan-Ming Li
In recent years, there has been increased awareness and prevention efforts toward reducing concussion incidence. Previous research has most often estimated the prevalence of concussions among youth using medical claims data (1–4). In the 2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), parents or guardians answered questions about whether their children have ever had a significant head injury or concussion. This report presents estimates of parent-reported lifetime significant head injuries among children aged 3–17 years, providing information about head injuries beyond those that were medically attended...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Margaret J Hall, Pinyao Rui, Alexander Schwartzman
An estimated 30 million Americans have diabetes, of whom 26 million are aged 45 and over (1). Healthy eating and exercise can prevent diabetes progression (1,2). Around 12 million emergency department (ED) visits in 2015 were by patients aged 45 and over with diabetes, representing 24% of ED visits by patients aged 45 and over and 80% of diabetes ED visits by patients of all ages (3). This report presents data on ED visits by patients aged 45 and over with diabetes, defined as visits for which diabetes is mentioned as either a diagnosis or as one of a set of conditions that the patient is reported to have...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Christine Caffrey, Manisha Sengupta
Residents of residential care communities are persons who cannot live independently but generally do not require the skilled care provided by nursing homes. On any given day in 2016, an estimated 811,500 residents were in residential care communities (1,2). As the population ages, the numbers in residential care communities will likely increase, creating a sizeable group within the long-term care population. This report presents national estimates of selected characteristics of residential care community residents in 2016 and compares them by community size...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Anne K Driscoll, Michelle J K Osterman
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) seeks to improve fetal development and reduce the incidence of low birth weight, preterm birth, and maternal anemia through intervention during pregnancy (1). Prenatal WIC receipt is associated with lower infant mortality and stronger cognitive development among toddlers and children (2,3). All states and the District of Columbia reported information on maternal receipt of WIC food during pregnancy on the birth certificate for the first time in 2016 based on the question, “Did you receive WIC food for yourself because you were pregnant with this child?” This report describes prenatal WIC receipt in the United States in 2016 by state and by maternal age, race and Hispanic origin, and education...
January 2018: NCHS Data Brief
T J Matthews, Danielle M Ely, Anne K Driscoll
Infant mortality has long been a basic measure of public health for countries around the world (1–3). While the overall infant mortality rate in the United States is lower than a decade ago, declining 14% from 6.86 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2005, a recent high, to 5.90 in 2015, the rate in 2015 was not statistically different from that in 2014 (5.82) (4–6). The variability in infant mortality rates by state and by race and Hispanic origin continues to receive attention (7,8). This report uses linked birth and infant death data from 2013 through 2015 to describe infant mortality rates in the United States by state, and for race and Hispanic-origin groups by state...
January 2018: NCHS Data Brief
Holly Hedegaard, Margaret Warner, Arialdi M Miniño
Deaths from drug overdose are an increasing public health burden in the United States (1–4). This report uses the most recent data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) to update trends in drug overdose deaths, describe demographic and geographic patterns, and identify shifts in the types of drugs involved.
December 2017: NCHS Data Brief
Kenneth D Kochanek, Sherry Murphy, Jiaquan Xu, Elizabeth Arias
This report presents final 2016 U.S. mortality data on deaths and death rates by demographic and medical characteristics. These data provide information on mortality patterns among U.S. residents by variables such as sex, race and ethnicity, and cause of death. Life expectancy estimates, age-specific death rates, age-adjusted death rates by race and ethnicity and sex, 10 leading causes of death, and 10 leading causes of infant death were analyzed by comparing 2016 and 2015 final data (1).
December 2017: NCHS Data Brief
Jill J Ashman, Pinyao Rui, Titilayo Okeyode
In 2014, most Americans had a usual place to receive health care (86% of adults and 97% of children) (1,2). A majority of children and adults listed a doctor’s office as the usual place they received care (1,2). In 2014, there were an estimated 885 million office-based physician visits in the United States (3,4). This report examines office-based physician visit rates by age and sex. It also examines visit characteristics, including insurance status, reason for visit, and services, by age. Estimates use data from the 2014 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS)...
December 2017: NCHS Data Brief
Benjamin Zablotsky, Lindsey I Black, Stephen J Blumberg
Developmental disabilities are a set of heterogeneous disorders characterized by difficulties in one or more domains, including but not limited to, learning, behavior, and self-care. This report provides the latest prevalence estimates for diagnosed autism spectrum disorder, intellectual disability, and other developmental delay among children aged 3–17 years from the 2014–2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). Estimates are also presented for any developmental disability, defined as having had one or more of these three diagnoses...
November 2017: NCHS Data Brief
Craig M Hales, Margaret D Carroll, Cheryl D Fryar, Cynthia L Ogden
Obesity is associated with serious health risks. Monitoring obesity prevalence is relevant for public health programs that focus on reducing or preventing obesity. Between 2003–2004 and 2013–2014, there were no significant changes in childhood obesity prevalence, but adults showed an increasing trend. This report provides the most recent national estimates from 2015–2016 on obesity prevalence by sex, age, and race and Hispanic origin, and overall estimates from 1999–2000 through 2015–2016.
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
Margaret D Carroll, Cheryl D Fryar, Duong T Nguyen
High total cholesterol (≥ 240 mg/dL) and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (< 40 mg/dL) levels are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of U.S. deaths (1–3). From 2007–2008 to 2013–2014, declining trends were observed in high total and low HDL cholesterol prevalence (4). This report provides 2015–2016 estimates for high total and low HDL cholesterol and trends based on available comparable data through 2015–2016. Analysis is based on measured cholesterol.
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
Cheryl D Fryar, Yechiam Ostchega, Craig M Hales, Guangyu Zhang, Deanna Kruszon-Moran
Hypertension remains an important public health challenge in the United States because it increases the risk for cardiovascular disease. Effective blood pressure management has been shown to decrease the incidence of stroke, heart attack, and heart failure (1–3). This report presents updated estimates for the prevalence and control of hypertension in the United States for 2015–2016. Trends in hypertension prevalence and control from 1999–2000 through 2015–2016 are also presented.
October 2017: NCHS Data Brief
Danielle M Ely, Anne K Driscoll, T J Matthews
The infant mortality rate is often used as a measure of a country’s health because similar factors influence population health and infant mortality (1). Although infant mortality has declined in the United States, disparities still exist across geographic areas and demographic groups (2–4). Urbanization level, based on the number and concentration of people in a county, can impact health outcomes (3–9). Previous research indicates that infant mortality rates vary by urbanization level and also by maternal and infant characteristics (3–9)...
September 2017: NCHS Data Brief
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