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Annals of Pediatric Cardiology

Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Himanshu Pratap, Neetu Vashisht, Neeraj Awasthy, Kulbhushan Singh Dagar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Girish R Sabnis, Hetan C Shah, Charan P Lanjewar, Sushma Malik, Prafulla G Kerkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Shyam S Kothari, Bharath Raj Kidambi, Rajnish Juneja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Vivek Kumar, Navjyot Sidhu, Shuvendu Roy, K Gaurav
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Michael Weidenbach, Bardo Wannenmacher, Christian Paech, Robert Wagner
Congenital diveticula and aneurysm of the heart are rare and most often located at the apex of the left ventricle. They pose a significant risk for cardiac failure and arrhythmias. In contrast, nonapical diverticula of the right ventricle (RV) have a much more benign course. We present a child with Trisomy 21, atrioventricular septal defect, and large nonapical diverticulum of the RV that was neither addressed during surgery nor needed any medical treatment during 1-year follow-up.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Siddharth Narayan Gadage
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a congenital disorder characterized by prolongation of QT interval in the electrocardiogram (ECG) and a propensity to develop ventricular arrhythmias, which may lead to syncope, cardiac arrest or sudden death. T-wave alternans (TWA), a phenomenon of beat-to-beat variability in the repolarization phase of the ventricles, has been closely associated with an increased risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmic events (VTE) and sudden cardiac death (SCD).
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Mohamad Jihad Mansour, Malek Rahal, Elie Chammas, Omar Hamoui, Wael Aljaroudi
A 9-year-old boy with hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) was referred for cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging following an abnormal echocardiogram that showed a large mass layered on the inferolateral wall of the left ventricle, causing secondary severe mitral regurgitation. Cardiac involvement in HES usually affects the ventricular apex. In our case, CMR confirmed the presence of a large mural thrombus of 0.9 cm × 4.2 cm. This unusual cardiac involvement in HES was diagnosed in its intermediate thrombotic stage...
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Tahleel Altaf Shera, Naseer Ahmed Choh, Faiz Altaf Shera, Azher Maqbool Khan
Homocystinuria is a genetic inborn error of metabolism due to the deficiency of cystathionine β-synthase resulting in increased serum homocysteine and methionine and decreased cysteine which predisposes affected individuals to arterial and venous thromboembolic phenomena. We present a case of homocystinuria who presented to us as a calcified right atrial mass during the evaluation for lower respiratory tract infection. Our case reveals an unusual mix of findings using imaging with multiple detector computed tomography and radiographs...
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Akshay Chauhan, Saket Agarwal, Utsav Gupta, Nayem Raja, Muhammad Abid Geelani, Vijay Trehan
A case of the right pulmonary artery-to- left atrial fistula with atrial septal defect (ASD) is presented. The fistula was detected after the patient developed desaturation following surgical closure of the ASD. It was managed with a transcatheter (trans-RPA route) closure of the fistula using a 12-mm Amplatzer ventricular septal defect closure device.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Dinkar Bhasin, Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Sudheer Arava, Shyam S Kothari
Endomyocardial fibrosis (EMF) is an important cause of restrictive cardiomyopathy in tropical countries. The etiopathogenesis of EMF remains obscure. The role of eosinophilia in the etiopathogenesis of EMF has been debated extensively, but remains unproven. Accordingly, we present a case wherein a patient with documented eosinophilia and heart failure at the age of three-and-a-half years presented with endomyocardial fibrosis at the age of nine years. Such documentation is important to highlight the central role of eosinophils in the pathogenesis of EMF...
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Yasser Ahmad Bhat, Himanshu Pratap, Kulbhushan Singh Dagar, Neeraj Awasthy
The clinical detail, echocardiographic features, angiographic evaluation, and surgical repair of double-outlet left atrium (LA) in a 2-year-old boy are discussed. In a solitus position and normally connected systemic and pulmonary venous drainage setting, the only outlet of the right atrium was a secundum atrial septal defect. The LA thus received the entire venous return and then drained into both ventricles through a common atrioventricular valve.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Ryan A Moore, William Jack Wallen, Kyle W Riggs, David Ls Morales
Better anatomical understanding and conceptualization of complex congenital heart defects using three-dimensional (3D) printing may improve surgical planning, especially in rare defects. In this report, we utilized 3D printing to delineate the exact cardiac anatomy of a neonate with an aortopulmonary window associated with interrupted aortic arch to devise a novel approach to the repair.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Shriprasad R Deshpande, Priyanka Patel, Neill Videlefsky, Dellys M Soler Rodriguez, Rene Romero, Matthew S Clifton
Paragangliomas are rare neuroendocrine tumors where hypoxia-inducible factor plays a critical role in tumorigenesis. It has been suggested that patients with congenital heart disease, in particular, may have cellular environment and relative hypoxia favorable to the development of these neuroendocrine tumors. Here, we present a case of an 11-year-old child with hypoplastic left heart syndrome previously palliated with Fontan procedure, diagnosed with paraganglioma on surveillance imaging. We present the clinical course, intervention, and outcome as well as review the possible contributory mechanisms...
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Surasak Puvabanditsin, Vidya Puthenpura, Seyni Gueye-Ndiaye, Michele Takyi, Adaora Madubuko, Lauren Walzer, Rajeev Mehta
We report a term female infant with congenital heart block and total anomalous of pulmonary venous return. The results of single nucleotide polymorphism oligonucleotide microarray analysis showed an interstitial duplication of approximately 818 Kb, which involved 11 genes, including the entire LAMB3 gene which is known to associate with cardiac conduction defect. Our report adds to the collective knowledge that the cardiac conduction defect is a clinical feature of chromosome 1q32.2 duplication.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Nabil Tahhan, Papa Salmane Ba, Khaled Hadeed, Yves Dulac, Fabio Cuttone, Bertrand Leobon
We report a rare and serious complication of cardiac strangulation arising from the implantation of epicardial pacing leads in a newborn. Patient's follow-up 9-month postsurgery revealed compression under the pulmonary valve annulus by a pacemaker lead, causing progressive stenosis of the right ventricular outflow tract. The epicardial leads were replaced to relieve compression, and stenosis of the right ventricular outflow tract was rectified. Pacemaker implantation in newborns is not without challenges; epicardial leads should be carefully positioned to avoid any compression of cardiac structures...
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Jess T Randall, Osamah T Aldoss, Ian H Law, Abhay A Divekar
The need for transvenous pacing (patients who have exhausted epicardial options) after a Fontan-type operation has been recognized. Many novel strategies have been proposed, but currently, all of them require additional maneuvers or rerouting of the leads to the pacemaker pocket. In this report, we describe a novel direct approach to transvenous pacing after a Fontan-type operation from a standard, prepectoral approach.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Sarosh P Batlivala, William E Briscoe, Makram R Ebeid
Systemic-to-pulmonary artery collateral networks commonly develop in patients with single-ventricle physiology and chronic hypoxemia. Although these networks augment pulmonary blood flow, much of the flow is ineffective and contributes to cardiac volume loading. This volume loading can have detrimental effects, especially for single-ventricle patients. Some data suggest that occluding collaterals may improve outcomes after subsequent operations, especially when the volume of collateral flow is significant. Traditional practice has been to coil occlude the feeding vessel...
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Rao R Ivatury
Professor IM Rao, from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, was a pioneering cardiac surgeon who, against overwhelming odds, developed congenital heart surgery in India. He made many contributions to the evolution of his specialty, spanning more than four decades and three countries. This is a brief report of his professional life and accomplishments.
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Beatriz Picazo-Angelin, Juan Ignacio Zabala-Argüelles, Robert H Anderson, Damian Sánchez-Quintana
The rapid changes that have taken place in recent years in relation to techniques used to image the fetal heart have emphasized the need to have a detailed knowledge ofnormal cardiac anatomy. Without such knowledge, it is difficult, if not impossible, to recognize the multiple facets of congenital cardiac disease. From the inception of fetal echocardiographic screening, the importance of basic knowledge of cardiac anatomy has been well recognized. The current machines used for imaging, however, now make it possible potentially to recognize features not appreciated at the start of the specialty...
May 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
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