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Annals of Pediatric Cardiology

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[This corrects the article on p. 148 in vol. 11, PMID: 29922012.].
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Deepa Sasikumar, Bijulal Sasidharan, Anoop Ayyappan, Arun Gopalakrishnan, Kavasseri M Krishnamoorthy
A 2-month-old baby with ventricular septal defect and pulmonary atresia was found to have coronary-to-pulmonary artery collaterals. Cardiac computed tomography confirmed the coronary collaterals and showed the absence of other systemic to pulmonary artery collaterals. Although these collaterals do not cause coronary ischemia, it is important to delineate them by accurate imaging to plan the appropriate surgical strategy.
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Padebettu Subramanya Seetharama Bhat, Chandana Nirmala Chandrashekar, Divya Mallikarjun, S L Girish Gowda
Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the pulmonary artery is a rare entity that causes chronic left-to-right shunting of blood from the RCA, through the coronary collaterals into the pulmonary artery. This results in persistent myocardial ischemia and ventricular dysfunction. Association of this anomaly with an aortopulmonary window worsens the condition further due to an additional shunt. We encountered a combination of these two anomalies along with an ostium secundum atrial septal defect in a 10-month-old baby who presented with excessive crying and failure to thrive...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Shyamajit Samaddar, Dheeraj Bhatt, Munish Guleria, Dinesh Kumar Yadav, Anubhav Gupta
The association of aortopulmonary (AP) window with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) has so far not been reported. We report a unique case of an 8-month-old child who presented with congestive cardiac failure and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Initial echocardiography revealed supracardiac TAPVC. Cardiac computed tomography showed the presence of Type I AP window along with the TAPVC. In the presence of severe pulmonary hypertension and dilated right ventricle, AP window may easily be missed if not actively looked for...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Roger Esmel-Vilomara, Amparo Castellote, Luz Santana, Dimpna Calila Albert
We are reporting the case of a newborn with a diagnosis of frequent supraventricular extrasystoles, up to 25% of beats at Holter monitoring, and partial response to beta-blockers. Initial echocardiographic studies were normal until the identification of a right atrial mass at 4 months of life. Given the progressive growth of the mass and the suspicion of myxoma or thrombus in the magnetic resonance study, surgical resection of the tumor was performed. The surgical specimen was histologically diagnostic of rhabdomyoma...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Kaitlin Carr, Osamah Aldoss, Bijoy Thattaliyath, Manish Bansal
Supravalvular aortic stenosis as an early complication of transposition of the great artery repair is rare with few cases reported. Furthermore, transcatheter intervention is uncommon as surgical re-intervention has been traditionally done. We describe two cases of supravalvular aortic stenosis at the anastomotic site as an early complication of the arterial switch operation. Both patients underwent balloon angioplasty of the supravalvular aorta with improvement in postangioplasty gradients and angiographic appearance...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Navdeep Singh, Vivek Athwani, Vikas Bansal, Shaveta Kundra
We report a case of a 6-year-old female child with Takayasu's aorto-arteritis (TA) with severe coarctation of the aorta which resulted in an aortic dissection post-ballooning. This happened despite ensuring that markers for disease activity were negative, with appropriate corticosteroid therapy started before the procedure, and using a low-profile, low-pressure, and slightly undersized balloon for dilating the stenotic segment. It required immediate endovascular stenting to tide over the crisis. Following the procedure, she became normotensive with well-palpable lower limb pulses...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Neil D Patel, Richard W Kim, Suwanna Pornrattanarungsi, Pierre C Wong
An intramural ventricular septal defect (IVSD) is a type of interventricular communication that can occur following biventricular repair of a conotruncal malformation. There have been no previous reports depicting the actual pathologic anatomy of this defect. We describe two cases of IVSDs with their clinical imaging and postmortem pathology.
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Siddharthan Deepti, Rajnish Juneja, Leve Joseph Devarajan Sebastian
A term baby presented on the 7th day of life in cardiogenic shock due to vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation. A successful embolization of the malformation was performed through transarterial route on day 12 of life after a period of initial stabilization.
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Maria Elena Gutierrez, Jeffrey A Alten, Mark A Law
Thrombosis and systemic embolization are important complications of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). We present a 2.5 kg neonate born at 37.4 weeks with hypoplastic left heart supported on ECMO that developed an acute, occlusive distal aortic thrombus that was emergently managed by transcatheter Angiojet® (Boston Scientific, Boston, MA) thrombectomy. The procedure successfully restored perfusion to the lower extremities with sustained result upon 1-week follow-up. This case highlights the Angiojet® thrombectomy as a treatment option for limb- or organ-threatening acute thrombus in even the most complex ECMO patients...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Eric Allen Pasman, Matthew Needleman, Joseph William May
We report a patient with l-transposition of the great arteries who developed perioperative complete atrioventricular block at 5 years of age in conjunction with a modified double-switch operation, but had unexpected late recovery of normal sinus rhythm months later. This case highlights that even for patients with l-transposition, which is particularly vulnerable to developing both spontaneous and perioperative complete atrioventricular block, late recovery of atrioventricular node conduction may still be possible after surgery...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Jose D Martins, Justin Zachariah, Elif Seda Selamet Tierney, Uyen Truong, Shaine A Morris, Shelby Kutty, Sarah D de Ferranti, Jonathan Rhodes, Marta Antonio, Maria Guarino, Boban Thomas, Diana Oliveira, Kimberlee Gauvreau, Nuno Jalles, Tal Geva, Miguel Carmo, Ashwin Prakash
Background: Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) can be treated using surgery, balloon angioplasty, or stent implantation. Although short-term results are excellent with all three treatment modalities, long-term cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality remain high, likely due to persistently abnormal vascular function. The effects of treatment modality on long-term vascular function remain uncharacterized. The goal of this study is to assess vascular function in this patient population for comparison among the treatment modalities...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Roy Varghese, Ronak Sheth, Sivakumar Kothandam
Compression of the left bronchus by a right-sided descending aorta arising from a left aortic arch constitutes an exceedingly rare form of vascular ring. This manuscript describes the surgical technique that involves translocation of the descending aorta directly to the proximal ascending aorta, thereby relieving the bronchial compression.
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Brijesh Parayaru Kottayil, Praveen R Bayya, Luis Baquero, Amitabh C Sen, Raman K Kumar
A true presubclavian coarctation of the aorta with arch hypoplasia without major intracardiac anomaly can result in a surgical dilemma. Theoretically, one can avoid repair through median sternotomy using selective cerebral perfusion and its sequelae since no major intracardiac repair is needed. Repair through thoracotomy is technically challenging if arch reconstruction is required and precise surgical planning is required to avoid spinal hypoperfusion and to maintain cerebral perfusion. Moreover, inadequate repair often has resulted in hypoplastic aortic arch or residual coarctation on follow-up requiring future intervention...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Anil Kumar Dharmapuram, Nagarajan Ramadoss, Sudeep Verma, Goutami Vejendla, Rao Mrutyunjaya Ivatury
Background: In coarctation of aorta associated with proximal arch hypoplasia, extended end-to-end anastomosis through a thoracotomy would result in a residual gradient between the origins of the innominate and the left common carotid arteries. To eliminate this, we modified the surgical technique. Patients and Methods: Between March 2012 and May 2017, 50 patients (14 neonates) underwent repair of coarctation of aorta through a thoracotomy. The age ranged from 6 days to 2 years (median 2 months) and the weight from 1...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Supratim Sen, Sandeep Garg, Suresh G Rao, Snehal Kulkarni
Background: Native aortic coarctation in young infants can be treated surgically or with balloon angioplasty, although the latter approach remains controversial. We sought to compare midterm outcomes of balloon and surgical coarctoplasty at our center and to review the current practices in literature. Methods: The study design was a retrospective record review. Patients with coarctation aged <1 year who underwent balloon or surgical coarctoplasty at our center (January 2010-January 2016) with >6-month post-procedure follow-up were studied...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Shiv Gandhi, Miranda Lin, Sharon R Smith, Jesse J Sturm
Background: Electrocardiograms (ECGs) are ordered in the pediatric emergency room for a wide variety of chief complaints. Objectives: Criteria are lacking as to when physicians should obtain ECGs. This study uses a large retrospective cohort of 880 pediatric emergency department (ED) patients to highlight objective criteria including significant medical history and specific vital sign abnormalities to guide clinicians as to which patients might have an abnormal ECG...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Sulafa Ali, Tajudeen Bushari
Background: Handheld echocardiography (HHE) has been increasingly used for rheumatic heart disease screening and in adult emergency room settings. Aims: This study aimed to validate the accuracy of HHE in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD). Settings and Design Methodology: This is a prospective study carried out at three pediatric cardiology outpatient clinics in Khartoum, Sudan.All patients with suspected CHD were evaluated by clinical examination followed by HHE, performed using a modified segmental approach...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Rana S Al-Zahrani, Samaher H Alharbi, Rawan M A Tuwaijri, Bayan T Alzomaili, Alaa Althubaiti, Talat Mesud Yelbuz
Background/Aim: Transposition of the great arteries (TGA) is traditionally classified as a "conotruncal heart defect", implying that TGA evolves from abnormal development of the outflow tract (OFT) of the embryonic heart. However, recently published genetic data suggest that TGA may be linked to laterality gene defects rather than OFT gene defects. The aim of our study was to clarify whether there is any statistically significant link between TGA and clinically diagnosed laterality defects (heterotaxy)...
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Robert H Anderson, John Stickley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
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