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Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893267/identity-adjustment-among-afghanistan-and-iraq-war-veterans-with-reintegration-difficulty
#1
Robert J Orazem, Patricia A Frazier, Paula P Schnurr, Heather E Oleson, Kathleen F Carlson, Brett T Litz, Nina A Sayer
Objective: To examine perceptions of identity adjustment in a diverse, national sample of U.S. veterans of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Method: The authors conducted a planned thematic analysis of text written by Afghanistan and Iraq war veterans when they were asked to describe their reintegration difficulties as part of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of online expressive writing (Sayer et al., 2015). Participants were 100 randomly selected veterans from the larger study (42 women and 58 men, 60 active duty and 38 reserves or National Guard)...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893266/assessing-civilian-perceptions-of-combat-veterans-an-iat-study
#2
Cade Schreger, Matthew Kimble
Objective: Evidence suggests that civilians may have considerable ambivalence to returning veterans. While civilians are frequently grateful for the service of military personnel, they can often be wary of the mental health and stability of returning veterans. If civilians do hold such negative biases toward veterans, whether implicit or explicit, this may have a significant impact on the ability of military personnel to integrate back into society. The goal of the study was to test whether participants held an implicit bias of mental instability toward veterans...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893265/va-residential-treatment-providers-use-of-two-evidence-based-psychotherapies-for-ptsd-global-endorsement-versus-specific-components
#3
Richard Thompson, Vanessa Simiola, Paula P Schnurr, Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Joan M Cook
Objective: Despite a growing body of knowledge about the dissemination of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs), their actual use in clinical settings is not well understood. The purpose of the current study was to compare self-reported component use with global use for 2 EBPs for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), prolonged exposure (PE), and cognitive processing therapy (CPT). Method: Around 174 providers from 38 VA PTSD residential treatment programs were asked about both global use and component use of PE and CPT...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869465/association-of-peritraumatic-dissociation-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Erin C McCanlies, Khachatur Sarkisian, Michael E Andrew, Cecil M Burchfiel, John M Violanti
Aim: In this study, we evaluated whether peritraumatic dissociation (PD) was associated with symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and whether this association was modified by trauma prior to police work. Method: Symptoms of depression, PTSD, peritraumatic dissociative experience (PDE), and trauma prior to police work were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale, PTSD Checklist-Civilian, PDE questionnaire, and the Brief Trauma questionnaire, respectively, in 328 police officers...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869464/customized-computer-based-administration-of-the-pcl-5-for-the-efficient-assessment-of-ptsd-a-proof-of-principle-study
#5
Matthew D Finkelman, Sarah R Lowe, Wonsuk Kim, Oliver Gruebner, Niels Smits, Sandro Galea
Objective: To investigate the potential of customized computer-based testing procedures to reduce the mean test length of the Posttraumatic Stress Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5). Method: A retrospective analysis was conducted using responses from 942 adults who had completed the full-length (20-item) PCL-5 in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy. The abilities of 2 testing procedures, curtailment and stochastic curtailment, to lessen the instrument's mean test length while maintaining the same result as the full-length PCL-5 ("positive" or "negative") were evaluated in a post hoc simulation...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869463/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-latina-women-examining-the-efficacy-of-the-moms-empowerment-program
#6
Maria M Galano, Andrew C Grogan-Kaylor, Sara F Stein, Hannah M Clark, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
Objective: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem, affecting every 1 in 4 women in their lifetime. Latinas have been found to experience IPV at rates equal to or even higher than rates in the general population. The consequences of experiencing such violence can be severe, and result in increased risk for developing both physical and mental health problems, notably, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although treatments for PTSD in IPV-exposed women have been developed and evaluated, this is the first study to test the efficacy of a program tailored specifically to meet the needs of Latinas who experience IPV...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869462/development-and-validation-of-a-brief-trauma-screening-measure-for-children-the-child-trauma-screen
#7
Jason M Lang, Christian M Connell
Objective: Childhood exposure to trauma, including violence and abuse, is a major public health concern that has resulted in increased efforts to promote trauma-informed child-serving systems. Trauma screening is an important component of such trauma-informed systems, yet widespread use of trauma screening is rare in part due to the lack of brief, validated trauma screening measures for children. We describe development and validation of the Child Trauma Screen (CTS), a 10-item screening measure of trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms for children consistent with the DSM-5 definition of PTSD...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869461/race-differences-in-depression-vulnerability-following-hurricane-katrina
#8
Jeanelle S Ali, Amy S Farrell, Adam C Alexander, David R Forde, Michelle Stockton, Kenneth D Ward
Objective: This study investigated whether racial disparities in depression were present after Hurricane Katrina. Method: Data were gathered from 932 New Orleans residents who were present when Hurricane Katrina struck, and who returned to New Orleans the following year. Multiple logistic regression models evaluated racial differences in screening positive for depression (a score ≥16 on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale), and explored whether differential vulnerability (prehurricane physical and mental health functioning and education level), differential exposure to hurricane-related stressors, and loss of social support moderated and/or reduced the association of race with depression...
November 21, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831738/correction-to-krupnick-et-al-2016
#9
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "An Internet-Based Writing Intervention for PTSD in Veterans: A Feasibility and Pilot Effectiveness Trial" by Janice L. Krupnick, Bonnie L. Green, Richard Amdur, Adil Aloui, Anas Beloui, Erika Roberge, David Cueva, Miguel Roberts, Elizabeth Melnikoff and Mary Ann Dutton (Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Advanced Online Publication, Sep 8, 2016, np). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-43134-001.) Objective: Veterans suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may avoid or fail to follow through with a full course of face-to-face mental health treatment for a variety of reasons...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831737/a-longitudinal-study-of-psychological-distress-and-exposure-to-trauma-reminders-after-terrorism
#10
Kristin A Glad, Gertrud S Hafstad, Tine K Jensen, Grete Dyb
Objective: The aim of this study was threefold: (1) to examine the type and frequency of trauma reminders reported by survivors 2.5 years after a terrorist attack; (2) to examine whether frequency of exposure to trauma reminders is associated with psychological distress and level of functioning; and (3) to compare the worst trauma reminders reported by the same survivors at 2 different time points. Method: Participants were 261 survivors (52.1% male; Mage = 22.1 years, SD = 4.76) of the 2011 massacre on Utøya Island, Norway, who were interviewed face-to-face 14-15 and 30-32 months postterror...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831736/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-postdisaster-distress-a-promising-transdiagnostic-approach-to-treating-disaster-survivors
#11
Jessica L Hamblen, Fran H Norris, Kerry A Symon, Thomas E Bow
Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy for postdisaster distress (CBT-PD) is a transdiagnostic intervention that has been used following major disasters such as the 9/11 terrorist attacks and Hurricane Katrina. In this study, we report findings from a community-based treatment program that offered CBT-PD to individuals who experienced Hurricane Sandy. Method: Eight trained community therapists delivered CBT-PD to 342 adults who had been exposed to Hurricane Sandy. Participants were assessed at referral, pretreatment, intermediate treatment, posttreatment and 5-month follow-up...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831735/correction-to-butler-carello-and-maguin-2016
#12
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Trauma, Stress, and Self-Care in Clinical Training: Predictors of Burnout, Decline in Health Status, Secondary Traumatic Stress Symptoms, and Compassion Satisfaction" by Lisa D. Butler, Janice Carello and Eugene Maguin (Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Advanced Online Publication, Sep 12, 2016, np). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-43766-001.) Objective: Courtois and Gold (2009) have called for the inclusion of trauma in the curriculum for all mental health training programs...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831734/relations-between-traumatic-stress-dimensions-of-impulsivity-and-reactive-and-appetitive-aggression-in-individuals-with-refugee-status
#13
Mareike Augsburger, Katalin Dohrmann, Maggie Schauer, Thomas Elbert
Objective: Traumatic stressors and other forms of adversities, especially when experienced during childhood, shape aggressive behavior. Effects of differential dimensions of impulsivity on the relationship between psychological trauma, reactive aggression (defensive survival response to threat), and appetitive aggression (the pleasure of attacking and fighting) have not yet been assessed. Method: Using structural equation modeling, we sought to uncover precursors of reactive and appetitive aggression investigating a sample of 94 adult individuals with refugee status...
November 10, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797570/moral-distress-in-physicians-and-nurses-impact-on-professional-quality-of-life-and-turnover
#14
Cindy L Austin, Robert Saylor, Phillip J Finley
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate moral distress (MD) and turnover intent as related to professional quality of life in physicians and nurses at a tertiary care hospital. Method: Health care providers from a variety of hospital departments anonymously completed 2 validated questionnaires (Moral Distress Scale-Revised and Professional Quality of Life Scale). Compassion fatigue (as measured by secondary traumatic stress [STS] and burnout [BRN]) and compassion satisfaction are subscales which make up one's professional quality of life...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797569/the-contribution-of-maternal-care-and-control-and-community-type-to-children-s-adjustment-to-political-violence
#15
Gali Tangir, Rachel Dekel, Tamar Lavi, Abigail H Gewirtz, Osnat Zamir
Objectives: This study explored the behavioral and emotional adjustment of Israeli school-age children who are exposed to political violence. Based on Bronfenbrenner's (1986) ecological model and ecological model of psychosocial trauma (Harvey, 2007), we examined the direct contribution of exposure, gender, maternal characteristics (mother's posttraumatic stress symptoms [PTSS], maternal care and maternal control), and community type (development town vs. kibbutz), to school-age children's adjustment. In addition, we examined whether maternal characteristics and community type moderated the association between exposure and adjustment...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797568/deaf-people-s-help-seeking-following-trauma-experiences-with-and-recommendations-for-the-massachusetts-behavioral-health-care-system
#16
Melissa L Anderson, Kelly S Wolf Craig, Douglas M Ziedonis
Objective: Deaf trauma survivors are one of the more underserved populations in behavioral health care and experience significant obstacles to seeking help. Repeated encounters with these barriers fuel negative perceptions and avoidance of behavioral health treatment. The current study sought to explore Deaf trauma survivors' help-seeking experiences and elicit their recommendations for improving Deaf behavioral health services in Massachusetts. Method: We conducted semistructured American Sign Language interviews with 16 trauma-exposed Deaf individuals that included questions from the Life Events Checklist and the PTSD Symptom Scale Interview and questions about Deaf individuals' help-seeking behaviors...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797567/psychometric-properties-of-the-pact-scale-and-relations-with-symptoms-of-ptsd
#17
Caitlin M Pinciotti, Antonia V Seligowski, Holly K Orcutt
Objective: Healing from trauma has been conceptualized as either facing the trauma head-on or moving beyond the trauma and focusing on the future. Emerging research suggests that the greatest healing may result from the ability to adaptively use both (i.e., coping flexibility). The current study sought to examine the psychometric properties of a self-report scale of coping flexibility: the Perceived Ability to Cope With Trauma (PACT) Scale. Method: Participants included 322 undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory psychology course at a large Midwestern university...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797566/symptoms-and-beyond-self-concept-among-sexually-assaulted-women
#18
Hadar Keshet, Eva Gilboa-Schechtman
Objective: The unique characteristics of sexual assault (SA)-a toxic mix of an interpersonal harm, a violent exploitation of one's body, and a transformation of an act of connectedness into an act of submission-are postulated to negatively affect the self-concept. We sought to deepen the understanding of self-concept impairments among sexually assaulted women with varying levels of posttraumatic distress. To this end, we compared women with a main trauma of SA to women with a main trauma of motor-vehicle accident (MVA) and to nontraumatized (NT) women on several self-concept aspects...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797565/trauma-in-hispanic-youth-with-psychiatric-symptoms-investigating-gender-and-family-effects
#19
Lourdes Suarez-Morales, Maite Mena, Victoria A Schlaudt, Daniel A Santisteban
Objective: Hispanic youth in the general community experience traumatic events and display symptoms of psychological distress more frequently than do Caucasian youth. However, little is known about how traumatic experiences in this ethnic minority population relate to psychopathology in clinical samples and whether these outcomes vary by gender and are impacted by family functioning. We hypothesized that traumatic stress reactions, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and internalizing and externalizing symptoms, would vary by gender and by family functioning in a clinical sample of Hispanic youth...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736141/understanding-the-relationship-between-social-support-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-posttraumatic-growth-among-adolescents-after-ya-an-earthquake-the-role-of-emotion-regulation
#20
Xiao Zhou, Xinchun Wu, Rui Zhen
Objective: Posttraumatic distress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) may coexist in trauma survivors, but there are mixed relationships between PTSD and PTG. To elucidate their relationship and constructs, it is necessary to examine simultaneously predictive factors, and to compare their determining factors. The aim of this study was to increasing our understanding the relationship between PTSD and PTG by examining simultaneously the role of social support and emotion regulation in PTSD and PTG among adolescents after the earthquake...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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