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Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781641/mental-health-symptoms-and-treatment-utilization-among-trauma-exposed-college-students
#1
Tiffany M Artime, Katherine R Buchholz, Matthew Jakupcak
OBJECTIVE: Universities have demonstrated growing awareness of students impacted by interpersonal violence (e.g., sexual and physical assault) and veterans/service-members with combat-related trauma because of their sizable presence on campuses and unique vulnerabilities. This study sought to describe impacts of these two forms of trauma exposure on students' mental health and academic functioning and to compare mental health service utilization among students based on their experiences of trauma exposure...
May 21, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756791/individual-and-group-cognitive-processing-therapy-effectiveness-across-two-veterans-affairs-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-treatment-clinics
#2
Kristen E Lamp, Kimberly M Avallone, Kelly P Maieritsch, Katherine R Buchholz, Sheila A M Rauch
OBJECTIVE: In accordance with Veterans Affairs (VA) policy, VA posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) clinics offer evidence-based treatments including cognitive processing therapy (CPT). To facilitate access to care, CPT is offered in both group and individual formats in many VA PTSD clinics. Group and individual delivery of CPT have been directly compared in active duty samples, but these findings have not been extended to VA populations. The present article directly compares the effectiveness of group and individual CPT with a written trauma account (CPT+A) across two VA PTSD clinics...
May 14, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745689/shame-predicts-revictimization-in-victims-of-childhood-violence-a-prospective-study-of-a-general-norwegian-population-sample
#3
Helene Flood Aakvaag, Siri Thoresen, Ida Frugård Strøm, Mia Myhre, Ole Kristian Hjemdal
OBJECTIVE: Victims of childhood violence often experience new victimization in adult life. However, risk factors for such revictimization are poorly understood. In this longitudinal study, we investigated whether violence-related shame and guilt were associated with revictimization. METHOD: Young adults (age = 17-35) exposed to childhood violence (n = 505) were selected from a (Country) population study of 6,589 persons (Wave 1), and reinterviewed by telephone 12-18 months later (Wave 2)...
May 10, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745688/emotion-regulation-mediates-the-relationship-between-aces-and-physical-and-mental-health
#4
Marylene Cloitre, Christina Khan, Margaret-Anne Mackintosh, Donn W Garvert, Clare M Henn-Haase, Erin C Falvey, Jean Saito
OBJECTIVE: Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) have consistently been associated with a range of negative psychological and physical outcomes in adulthood. Despite the strength of this association, no studies to date have investigated psychological processes that might underlie this relationship. The current study evaluated emotion regulation as a potential mediator between ACEs and three outcomes: PTSD symptoms, depression and poor physical health, all of which are frequently co-occurring among women with ACEs...
May 10, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733670/cognitive-affective-factors-are-associated-with-children-s-acute-posttraumatic-stress-following-pediatric-intensive-care
#5
Belinda L Dow, Justin A Kenardy, Deborah A Long, Robyne M Le Brocque
This study aimed to explore children's experiences and memories of the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and identify the relative importance of premorbid, trauma, and cognitive/affective variables associated with acute posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Participants were 95 children aged 6-16 years admitted to the PICU and their parents. Children completed questionnaires and an interview assessing PTSS, peritrauma affect, and their memory of the admission 3 weeks following discharge. Medical data were extracted from patient charts...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733669/suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-following-natural-disaster-the-role-of-prior-interpersonal-violence
#6
Kelly L Zuromski, Heidi Resnick, Matthew Price, Sandro Galea, Dean G Kilpatrick, Kenneth Ruggiero
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined variables, including prior traumatic events, disaster exposure, and current mental health symptomatology, associated with suicidal ideation following experience of a natural disaster. METHOD: Utilizing a sample of 2,000 adolescents exposed to the spring 2011 tornadoes in the areas surrounding Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and Joplin, Missouri, we hypothesized that prior interpersonal violence (IPV), more so than other prior traumatic events or other symptoms, would be associated with suicidal ideation after the disaster...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733668/toward-understanding-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-among-trauma-affected-widows-in-sri-lanka
#7
Jessica E Lambert, Alyssa Banford Witting, Spencer James, Lakmal Ponnamperuma, Thulitha Wickrama
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we applied conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989) to explain high rates of depression and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among war- and disaster-affected Tamil widows in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. We hypothesized exposure to potentially traumatic events and severity of current contextual problems would influence PTSS and depressive symptoms directly and indirectly through loss of psychological (view of self), environmental (sense of community), and energy (physical health) resources...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723033/adolescent-clinical-populations-and-associations-between-trauma-and-behavioral-and-emotional-problems
#8
Doyanne Darnell, Aaron Flaster, Karin Hendricks, Amanda Kerbrat, Katherine Anne Comtois
OBJECTIVE: Trauma exposure is common during childhood and adolescence and is associated with youth emotional and behavioral problems. The present study adds to the current literature on trauma exposure among adolescent clinical populations by examining the association between trauma exposure and adolescent self-report of emotional and behavioral problems broadly, including internalizing and externalizing symptoms, in addition to the trauma-specific symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723032/-i-knew-it-was-wrong-the-moment-i-got-the-order-a-narrative-thematic-analysis-of-moral-injury-in-combat-veterans
#9
Philip Held, Brian J Klassen, Joanne M Hall, Tanya R Friese, Marcel M Bertsch-Gout, Alyson K Zalta, Mark H Pollack
OBJECTIVE: Moral injury is a nascent construct intended to capture reactions to events that violate deeply held beliefs and moral values. Although a model of moral injury has been proposed, many of the theoretical propositions of this model have yet to be systematically studied. METHOD: We conducted semistructured interviews with eight veterans who reported experiencing morally injurious events during war zone deployments. RESULTS: Using narrative thematic analysis, five main themes and associated subthemes emerged from the data...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723031/interpersonal-relationship-quality-mediates-the-association-between-military-related-posttraumatic-stress-and-academic-dysfunction-among-student-veterans
#10
Steffany J Fredman, Amy D Marshall, Yunying Le, Keith R Aronson, Daniel F Perkins, Jeffrey A Hayes
OBJECTIVE: Large numbers of United States service members and veterans are enrolling in colleges and universities. Many are experiencing posttraumatic stress symptoms secondary to their military service, and these symptoms are associated with academic dysfunction. However, little is known about the mechanism(s) through which posttraumatic stress increases risk for academic difficulties. The goal of the current study was to evaluate perceived interpersonal relationship quality as a mediator of this association...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723030/trauma-characteristics-and-posttraumatic-growth-the-mediating-role-of-avoidance-coping-intrusive-thoughts-and-social-support
#11
Matthew Brooks, Nicola Graham-Kevan, Sarita Robinson, Michelle Lowe
OBJECTIVE: Previous research suggests trauma characteristics can impact on posttraumatic growth (PTG). The current study considers whether previously identified predictors of PTG may produce different outcomes dependent on the characteristics of the trauma experienced. METHOD: Active coping, avoidant coping, emotional coping, intrusive thoughts, social support, and spirituality were examined as potential mediators of relationships between trauma characteristics (interpersonal trauma, number of trauma types, and childhood trauma) and PTG...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723029/youth-victimization-profiles-and-change-in-mental-health-symptoms-over-one-year
#12
Lynsay Ayer, Lisa H Jaycox, Claude Setodji, Dana Schultz, Rosalie Malsberger, Aaron Kofner
OBJECTIVE: To understand how youth PTSD symptoms and externalizing problems emerge and change over time for youth with different profiles of victimization, including polyvictimization. METHOD: We conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) to identify empirically derived victimization profiles in a sample of 2,776 youth who participated in an evaluation study. We then conducted growth curve analyses to determine whether these victimization profiles predicted change in the course of PTSD symptoms and externalizing problems over a 1-year time period for youth engaged in a variety of community-based services...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723028/children-s-behavioral-health-needs-and-satisfaction-and-commitment-of-foster-and-adoptive-parents-do-trauma-informed-services-make-a-difference
#13
Erin R Barnett, Sarah E Cleary, Rebecca L Butcher, Mary K Jankowski
OBJECTIVE: Caring for children in foster or adoptive care with behavioral health needs can severely stress parents, contributing to adverse outcomes for children and families. Trauma-informed services from the child welfare and mental health sectors may help prevent poor outcomes by helping children and parents identify and understand trauma and its impact on children's behavioral health and receive effective treatment. To help understand the role of trauma-informed services for the child welfare population, we examined whether trauma-informed child welfare and mental health services moderated the relationship between children's behavioral health needs and parent satisfaction and commitment...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723027/sex-differences-in-ptsd-symptoms-a-differential-item-functioning-approach
#14
Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Yoke Yong Chen, Siti Raudzah Ghazali, Mark Shevlin
OBJECTIVE: Evidence has suggested there are sex differences in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom expression; however, few studies have assessed whether these differences are due to measurement invariance. This study aimed to examine sex differences in PTSD symptoms based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) using differential item functioning (DIF). METHOD: Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted on the DSM-5 model of PTSD, followed by a multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) model to examine possible DIF using the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723026/crisis-counselor-perceptions-of-job-training-stress-and-satisfaction-during-disaster-recovery
#15
Nikki D Bellamy, Min Qi Wang, Lori A McGee, Julie S Liu, Maryann E Robinson
OBJECTIVE: The United States Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training Program (CCP; authorized by the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, 1974/2013) aims to provide disaster-recovery support to communities following natural or human-caused disasters through outreach. Job satisfaction among the crisis counselors the CCP employs may affect the delivery of outreach services to survivors and their communities. The present study was conducted to gain insight into CCP crisis counselors' experiences with job training and work-related stress as predictors of job satisfaction...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697997/early-relational-trauma-and-self-representations-misattributing-externally-derived-representations-as-internally-generated
#16
Chui-De Chiu, Hoi Lam Ho, Marieke S Tollenaar, Bernet M Elzinga, Tianyang Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Early relational trauma has been posited to be responsible for dysfunctional self schema as negative feedback derived from abusive close others may influence the development of self-evaluation. However, the association between early relational trauma and negative self-evaluation has proven inconsistent. In addition to the evaluative aspect, early relational trauma may impact on the procedural aspect of self schema, with a difficulty in differentiating mental representations derived from others from those generated internally by the self...
April 26, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683691/veterans-with-recent-substance-use-and-aggression-ptsd-substance-use-and-social-network-behaviors
#17
Minden B Sexton, Alan K Davis, Katherine R Buchholz, Jamie J Winters, Sheila A M Rauch, Maegan Yzquibell, Erin E Bonar, Steven Friday, Stephen T Chermack
OBJECTIVE: Violence is a salient concern among veterans, yet relationships between psychiatric comorbidity, social networks, and aggression are poorly understood. We examined associations between biopsychosocial factors (substance use, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], and social network behaviors) with aggression. METHOD: We recruited veterans endorsing past-year aggression and substance use (N = 180) from Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient treatment clinics...
April 23, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504787/a-novel-examination-of-exposure-patterns-and-posttraumatic-stress-after-a-university-mass-murder
#18
Sabrina R Liu, Maryam Kia-Keating
OBJECTIVE: Occurring at an alarming rate in the United States, mass violence has been linked to posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in both direct victims and community members who are indirectly exposed. Identifying what distinct exposure patterns exist and their relation to later PTSS has important clinical implications. The present study determined classes of exposure to an event of mass violence, and if PTSS differed across classes. METHOD: First- and second-year college students (N = 1,189) participated in a confidential online survey following a mass murder at their university, which assessed event exposure and PTSS 3 months later...
March 5, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553792/-assault-related-shame-mediates-the-association-between-negative-social-reactions-to-disclosure-of-sexual-assault-and-psychological-distress-correction-to-decou-et-al-2017
#19
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Assault-related shame mediates the association between negative social reactions to disclosure of sexual assault and psychological distress" by Christopher R. DeCou, Trevor T. Cole, Shannon M. Lynch, Maria M. Wong and Kathleen C. Matthews ( Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy , 2017[Mar], Vol 9[2], 166-172). In the article, there was an error in the coding of missing values thus effecting the abstract, Methods, Results, and Discussion sections. The frequency counts for sexual assault victimization, reactions to social disclosure, and assault-related shame were calculated incorrectly due to an error in the coding of missing values, and have been corrected in the description of participants and in the results and discussion sections...
March 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446964/gender-and-age-interact-to-predict-the-development-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-following-a-motor-vehicle-accident
#20
Ihori Kobayashi, Eve M Sledjeski, Douglas L Delahanty
OBJECTIVE: Women have a greater overall risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than men after exposure to trauma. In addition to gender, other sociodemographic factors have been identified as risk factors for PTSD; however, research has typically examined these factors separately. Age has been found to contribute to the development of psychiatric disorders, and both linear and curvilinear relationships have been reported between age and risk of developing PTSD. Recent research has suggested that this relationship may vary depending on gender...
February 15, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
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