journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726442/ptsd-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-co-morbidity-gaps-in-research-and-potential-shared-mechanisms
#1
Nirit Haruvi-Lamdan, Danny Horesh, Ofer Golan
BACKGROUND: While autism and trauma were often linked in psychoanalytic theory, very few scientific attempts have been made to explore the associations and comorbidity between the two. Instead, each area has grown separately, yielding large bodies of theoretical and clinical knowledge. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: In this article, we suggest several possible pathways that may link trauma and autism. First, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may serve as a vulnerability marker for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specifically by increasing the risk for exposure to traumatic events...
July 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691837/childhood-maltreatment-and-context-dependent-empathic-accuracy-in-adult-romantic-relationships
#2
Annemarie Miano, Teresa Weber, Stefan Roepke, Isabel Dziobek
OBJECTIVES: Childhood maltreatment, that is neglect and abuse, are associated with difficulties in adult relationship functioning. We tested whether childhood maltreatment changes the presence of a relationship protective mechanism, called motivated inaccuracy. It describes a decrease in romantic couples' empathic accuracy, (EA), that is, their correct understanding of the partners' thoughts and feelings, in situations that pose a potential threat to the stability of the relationship...
July 10, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682107/eating-disorder-symptoms-in-female-veterans-the-role-of-childhood-adult-and-military-trauma-exposure
#3
Kimberly A Arditte Hall, Brooke A Bartlett, Katherine M Iverson, Karen S Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Eating disorders are understudied among female U.S. military veterans, who may be at increased risk due to their high rates of trauma exposure and trauma-related sequelae. The current study sought to examine whether different types of trauma in childhood and adulthood confer differential risk for eating disorder symptoms (EDSs) in this population. METHOD: We analyzed survey data from a sample of female Veterans Health Administration patients (N = 186) to examine the association between 5 trauma types (i...
July 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682106/posttraumatic-growth-in-bereaved-parents-a-multidimensional-model-of-associated-factors
#4
Sara Albuquerque, Isabel Narciso, Marco Pereira
OBJECTIVE: Although the death of a child is a devastating event, recent evidence shows that personal growth is a relevant outcome of parents' grief. This study aimed to examine the factors associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) and to propose a multidimensional model consisting of sociodemographic, situational, and intrapersonal and interpersonal factors. METHOD: A sample (N = 197; 89.8% female; mean age = 39.44 years) of bereaved parents completed the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form, the 14-Item Resilience Scale, the Continuing Bonds Scale, and the Dyadic Coping Inventory...
July 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682105/emotion-regulation-is-associated-with-ptsd-and-depression-among-female-adolescent-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#5
Cindy Chang, Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Carmen P McLean, Edna B Foa
OBJECTIVE: Sexual abuse experienced in childhood and adolescence is associated with severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depressive symptoms, and emotion regulation difficulties. The current study examined the relationships among these factors in a sample of adolescents with sexual abuse-related PTSD. It was hypothesized that (a) self-perceived emotion regulation difficulties would predict severity of PTSD and depressive symptoms, and that (b) depressive symptoms would mediate the relationship between emotion regulation difficulties and PTSD...
July 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682104/predictive-accuracy-and-factor-structure-of-the-child-report-of-posttraumatic-symptoms-crops-among-adjudicated-youth
#6
Benjamin J Edner, Brian A Glaser, Georgia B Calhoun
OBJECTIVE: Trauma exposure and trauma symptom manifest have been associated with issues unique to the adjudicated youth population (Perkins, Calhoun, Glaser, & Kunemund, 2016), which necessitates accurate screening tools to facilitate appropriate allocation of resources (Briggs et al., 2013; Kerig, Moeddel, & Becker, 2011). The Child Report of Posttraumatic Symptoms (CROPS; Greenwald & Rubin, 1999) is a short and effective trauma assessment tool; however, predictive accuracy of the CROPS in classifying previous trauma exposure(s) as well as the factor structure of the CROPS has not been examined with this population...
July 6, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594203/predictors-of-posttraumatic-growth-10-11-months-after-a-fatal-earthquake
#7
Robin Achterhof, Martin J Dorahy, Amy Rowlands, Charlotte Renouf, Eileen Britt, Janet D Carter
Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a commonly observed phenomenon in the wake of a distressing event, capturing potentially beneficial effects for posttraumatic adaptation. However, it is not entirely clear what factors are essential for the development of PTG, especially after natural disasters. Most importantly, it is uncertain what type of relationship exists between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and PTG. As yet, there is also no consensus on whether PTG can best be seen as a process outcome or as a coping mechanism...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594202/the-four-faces-of-rumination-to-stressful-events-a-psychometric-analysis
#8
Felipe E García, Almudena Duque, Félix Cova
OBJECTIVE: To increase the knowledge of rumination and its associations with stressful events, we explored the relationships between 4 types of rumination (brooding, reflection, intrusive, and deliberate rumination) in a sample of 750 adult participants who experienced a highly stressful event. We also explored the predictive value of the different types of rumination on posttraumatic stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth 6 months after the highly stressful event occurred. METHOD: Participants completed the Ruminative Response Scale and the Event-Related Rumination Inventory...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581317/-learning-how-to-ask-effectiveness-of-a-training-for-trauma-inquiry-and-response-in-substance-use-disorder-healthcare-professionals
#9
Annett Lotzin, Sven Buth, Susanne Sehner, Philipp Hiller, Marcus-Sebastian Martens, Silke Pawils, Franka Metzner, John Read, Martin Härter, Ingo Schäfer
CONTEXT: Exposure to traumatic events should be systematically assessed in health care services so that trauma-related treatment can be offered when appropriate. However, professionals often lack expertise in trauma inquiry and response, and therefore require training in this field. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether the "Learning how to ask" training for trauma inquiry and response (Read, Hammersley, & Rudegeair, 2007) is effective in increasing health care professionals' trauma inquiry behavior...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581316/the-relationship-between-childhood-abuse-and-violent-victimization-in-homeless-and-marginally-housed-women-the-role-of-dissociation-as-a-potential-mediator
#10
Dmitri A Young, Martha Shumway, Annesa Flentje, Elise D Riley
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have established a link between childhood abuse and dissociation. Other work has shown childhood abuse increases the likelihood of violent victimization in adulthood. Although it has been posited that dissociation may mediate childhood abuse and adult violent victimization, research investigating this hypothesis is sparse, particularly for extremely vulnerable populations such as homeless and unstably housed individuals. investigated the relationship between childhood abuse and dissociation on violent victimization in a cohort of homeless and unstably housed women...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581315/moral-injury-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-suicidal-behavior-among-national-guard-personnel
#11
Craig J Bryan, AnnaBelle O Bryan, Erika Roberge, Feea R Leifker, David C Rozek
OBJECTIVE: To empirically examine similarities and differences in the signs and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and moral injury and to determine if the combination of these 2 constructs is associated with increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in a sample of U.S. National Guard personnel. METHOD: 930 National Guard personnel from the states of Utah and Idaho completed an anonymous online survey. Exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) was used to test a measurement model of PTSD and moral injury...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581314/intergenerational-perceptions-of-mass-trauma-s-impact-on-physical-health-and-well-being
#12
Brent Bezo, Stefania Maggi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the perceived intergenerational impact of the 1932-1933 forced starvation-genocide of Ukrainians and reports the perceived impact of the mass trauma on physical health and well-being across three generations. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with survivors of the 1930s mass trauma and their adult children and grandchildren. In total, 45 interviews were conducted in Ukraine and a qualitative thematic method was used to analyze the interview texts...
June 5, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569525/web-based-alcohol-intervention-for-veterans-ptsd-combat-exposure-and-alcohol-outcomes
#13
Deborah J Brief, Marika Solhan, Denis Rybin, Justin L Enggasser, Amy Rubin, Monica Roy, Eric Helmuth, Amy Schreiner, Meagan Heilman, Lisa Vittorio, David Rosenbloom, Terence M Keane
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the relationship between baseline levels of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), combat exposure, and alcohol outcomes in a sample of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans using a web-based self-management intervention (VetChange) for problem drinking. METHOD: The current study focuses on 523 veterans who participated in a larger randomized clinical trial. Analyses in the current study include (a) multivariable linear regression models to assess the relationship between PTSD, combat exposure, and alcohol variables at baseline, and (b) general linear models accounting for correlated data within subjects to analyze change over time for alcohol outcomes as a function of baseline PTSD symptoms, combat exposure, and covariates...
June 1, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557485/positive-adaptations-for-trauma-and-healing-path-a-pilot-study-of-group-therapy-with-latino-youth
#14
David Hoskins, Larissa G Duncan, Judith T Moskowitz, Anna E Ordóñez
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the acceptability and preliminary efficacy of Positive Adaptations for Trauma and Healing (PATH), a manualized treatment for Latino youth and their caregivers. PATH is a culturally adapted program that incorporates a trauma model, positive psychology, and resilience. METHOD: Latino youth (N = 16) recruited from an urban community clinic participated in PATH with their caregiver. Pre- and postintervention measures on trauma symptoms, resilience, depression, caregiver's view of their youth's well-being, and positive and negative emotions were gathered...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557484/understanding-the-early-support-needs-of-survivors-of-traumatic-events-the-example-of-severe-injury-survivors
#15
Rachel M Brand, Katherine Chisholm, Sonia Terhaag, Winnie Lau, David Forbes, Alex Holmes, Meaghan O'Donnell
OBJECTIVE: In the aftermath of a potentially traumatic event, people may experience a range of mental health outcomes, including subclinical symptoms and distress. There is growing evidence that trauma survivors with subclinical symptoms are at increased risk of developing later psychiatric disorders, and this is especially the case with severe injury survivors. There is a need to develop evidence-based, early, brief interventions for those who are at risk of developing trauma-related psychopathology...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557483/emotional-flexibility-development-and-application-of-a-scale-in-adolescent-earthquake-survivors
#16
Fang Fu, Amy Chow, Jie Li, Zhen Cong
OBJECTIVE: Coping flexibility is strongly associated with individuals' well-being when coping with trauma. However an instrument to measure emotional flexibility, a specific type of coping flexibility, is yet to be developed. The present study reported the development and validation of a Self-Administered Inventory on emotional flexibility. The study also explored the relationship between emotional flexibility and psychological well-being in adolescents who had experienced the 2008 Sichuan earthquake in China...
May 29, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493728/internal-and-community-recourses-contribution-to-level-of-posttraumatic-symptoms-the-case-of-tourists-after-the-earthquake-in-nepal-2015
#17
Haya Itzhaky, Shlomit Weiss-Dagan, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari
OBJECTIVE: The current study focused on tourists who were caught in the middle of Nepal's, 2015 earthquake, and survived. We examined the contribution of internal (coping flexibility and emotional regulation) and community resources (sense of belonging to the community) to tourist's level of post traumatic stress disorder symptoms. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample survey was conducted to collect data from 145 tourists between 2 week to 3 months after the earthquake...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493727/military-sexual-trauma-is-associated-with-eating-disorders-while-combat-exposure-is-not
#18
Jessica Y Breland, Rosemary Donalson, Yongmei Li, Claire L Hebenstreit, Lizabeth A Goldstein, Shira Maguen
OBJECTIVE: There are strong associations among trauma and eating disorders. However, while trauma and eating disorders are more common among veterans than other populations, there is little information on how military-specific stressors affect eating disorder risk. This study's objective was to determine whether military sexual trauma and combat exposure were independent predictors of eating disorders among women veterans, a high-risk group. METHOD: Participants were women age 18-70, using VA medical center services, without psychotic disorders or suicidal ideation (N = 407)...
May 11, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481563/mother-child-interactions-at-six-months-postpartum-are-not-predicted-by-maternal-histories-of-abuse-and-neglect-or-maltreatment-type
#19
Minden B Sexton, Margaret T Davis, Rena Menke, Greer A Raggio, Maria Muzik
OBJECTIVE: A history of childhood maltreatment (CM) is associated with increased rates of maternal psychiatric symptoms and other adverse outcomes in adulthood among postpartum women. However, to date only a few studies have examined associations between CM and mother-child interactions among a nonclinical sample of postpartum women, and the specific potential influence of the type of abuse or neglect is poorly understood. This study was an aim to examine the relationships between CM types and observed parenting in a nonclinical group of recently postpartum mothers with maltreatment histories...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481562/strategies-for-coping-with-individual-ptsd-symptoms-experiences-of-african-american-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence
#20
Tami P Sullivan, Nicole H Weiss, Carolina Price, Nicole Pugh, Nathan B Hansen
OBJECTIVE: Understanding how populations at particular risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its deleterious outcomes cope with individual PTSD symptoms is critical to developing interventions that promote resilience, support recovery, and ultimately empower traumatized populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify specific strategies women use to cope with individual PTSD symptoms among a population at particular risk for experiencing trauma and its negative sequelae-African American victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) who use substances...
May 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
journal
journal
42252
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"