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Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097863/a-case-of-traumatic-vacuum-phenomenon-in-the-sleeve-of-a-nerve-root-due-to-nerve-root-avulsions
#1
Hiromichi Ohsaka, Chikato Hayashi, Kazuhiko Omori, Youichi Yanagawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097862/isolated-traumatic-basal-ganglia-hematoma-in-children
#2
Sushanta K Sahoo, Sidharth Vankipuram, Chhitij Srivastava
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097861/biliary-complications-after-hepatic-trauma-in-children
#3
Riccardo Guanà, Carbonaro Giulia, Andrea Brunati, Salvatore Garofalo, Jurgen Schleef
Aim of the Study: In pediatric patients with liver trauma and hemodynamic stability, conservative treatment is acknowledged as the gold standard. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 116 consecutive pediatric patients (<14-year-old) observed at our institution for closed abdominal trauma from January 2010 to January 2016. Among these, 16 patients (13%) had hepatic trauma Grade II or more, according to Moore liver trauma injury score...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097860/necrotizing-fasciitis-how-reliable-are-the-cutaneous-signs
#4
REVIEW
Ho Jun Kiat, Yap Hui En Natalie, Lateef Fatimah
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a surgical emergency. It is often aggressive and characterized by the rapidly progressive inflammatory infection of the fascia that causes extensive necrosis of the subcutaneous tissue and fascia, relatively sparing the muscle and skin tissue. As the disease progresses, thrombosis of the affected cutaneous perforators subsequently devascularizes the overlying skin. The course indeed can be a fulminant one. The diagnosis of NF, especially in the early stages, is extremely challenging, and it can be very close in presentation to other skin and subcutaneous tissue infections...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097859/quantifying-burnout-among-emergency-medicine-professionals
#5
William Wilson, Jeffrey Pradeep Raj, Girish Narayan, Murtuza Ghiya, Shakuntala Murty, Bobby Joseph
Background: Burnout is a syndrome explained as serious emotional depletion with poor adaptation at work due to prolonged occupational stress. It has three principal components namely emotional exhaustion(EE), depersonalization(DP) and diminished feelings of personal accomplishment(PA). Thus, we aimed at measuring the degree of burnout in doctors and nurses working in emergency medicine department (EMD) of 4 select tertiary care teaching hospitals in South India. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted among EMD professionals using a 30-item standardized pilot tested questionnaire as well as the Maslach burnout inventory...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097858/serum-cortisol-level-in-indian-patients-with-severe-sepsis-septic-shock
#6
Ragavendra Suresh, Naveet Wig, Prasan Kumar Panda, V P Jyotsna, P K Chaturvedi, R M Pandey
Background: The relationship between cortisol level and sepsis is not known in Indian patients of severe sepsis/septic shock. Aims: The study was done to determine the optimal range of cortisol levels, defining the adrenocortical response, and predicting the mortality, if possible, in the above type of patients. Settings and Designs: The study was a single-centered prospective cohort study, conducted in a tertiary referral center, North India...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097857/like-the-eye-of-the-tiger-inpatient-psychiatric-facility-exclusionary-criteria-and-its-knockout-of-the-emergency-psychiatric-patient
#7
Veronica Tucci, John Liu, Anu Matorin, Asim Shah, Nidal Moukaddam
Context: Over 6% of all emergency department (ED) visits in the United States involve primary mental health or behavioral issues. The patients are stabilized in the ED but frequently require admission to an inpatient psychiatric unit or institution for longer term treatment and management. To facilitate this process, an emergency physician (EP) must first "medically clear" the patient as stable for transfer. At present, there is no interdisciplinary consensus regarding the necessary elements of the medical clearance or stability assessment process...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097856/studying-protocol-based-pain-management-in-the-emergency-department
#8
Akkamahadevi Patil, Madhu Srinivasarangan, Prithvishree Ravindra, Harshit Mundada
Background: Majority of the patients presenting to emergency department (ED) have pain. ED oligoanalgesia remains a challenge. Aims: This study aims to study the effect of implementing a protocol-based pain management in the ED on (1) time to analgesia and (2) adequacy of analgesia obtained. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional study in the ED. Methods: Patients aged 18-65 years of age with pain of numeric rating scale (NRS) ≥4 were included...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097855/emergency-physician-screening-and-management-of-trauma-patients-with-alcohol-involvement
#9
Kai H Lee, James B Olsen, Jiandong Sun
Background: Alcohol screening and brief intervention (SBI) in trauma patients has been reported in literature to be effective in changing harmful drinking patterns and injury recurrence. Despite good evidence that SBI can benefit patients and provide a more holistic care, it is not routinely implemented in acute medical settings in Australia, in particular emergency departments (EDs). Objective: This paper aims to assess the knowledge, confidence, and practice of alcohol SBI in trauma patients by emergency physicians throughout Australia and New Zealand through an online survey...
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097854/management-of-psychiatric-emergencies-in-free-standing-emergency-departments-a-paradigm-for-excellence
#10
Veronica Tucci, Syed Moiz Ahmed, David Hoyer, Nidal Moukaddam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097853/emergency-departments-need-psychiatric-emergency-protocols
#11
Bhavesh Jarwani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097852/what-s-new-in-emergencies-trauma-and-shock-adequate-pain-management-in-the-emergency-department-a-dream-come-true
#12
EDITORIAL
Sandeep Sahu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855783/an-evolving-difficult-airway
#13
N Midhun Mohan, S M Linu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855782/a-case-of-tetraplegia-after-proteus-mirabilis-infection
#14
Kei Jitsuiki, Kouhei Ishikawa, K Kazuhiko Omori, Youichi Yanagawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855781/a-pregnant-woman-with-pneumomediastinum-after-tooth-treatment
#15
Kouhei Ishikawa, Kazuhiko Omori, Hiromichi Ohsaka, Youichi Yanagawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855780/the-2017-international-joint-working-group-white-paper-by-indusem-the-emergency-medicine-association-and-the-academic-college-of-emergency-experts-on-establishing-standardized-regulations-operational-mechanisms-and-accreditation-pathways-for-education-and-care
#16
Veronica Sikka, V Gautam, Sagar Galwankar, Randeep Guleria, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Lorenzo Paladino, Vivek Chauhan, Geetha Menon, Vijay Shah, R P Srivastava, B K Rana, Bipin Batra, O P Kalra, P Aggarwal, Sanjeev Bhoi, S Vimal Krishnan
The government of India has done remarkable work on commissioning a government funded prehospital emergency ambulance service in India. This has both public health implications and an economic impact on the nation. With the establishment of these services, there is an acute need for standardization of education and quality assurance regarding prehospital care provided. The International Joint Working Group has been actively involved in designing guidelines and establishing a comprehensive framework for ensuring high-quality education and clinical standards of care for prehospital services in India...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855779/trauma-team-activation-not-just-for-trauma-patients
#17
Phoenix Vuong, Jason Sample, Mary Ellen Zimmermann, Pierre Saldinger
Specialized trauma teams have been shown to improve outcomes in critically injured patients. At our institution, an the American College of Surgeons Committee on trauma level I Trauma center, the trauma team activation (TTA) criteria includes both physiologic and anatomic criteria, but any attending physician can activate the trauma team at their discretion outside criteria. As a result, the trauma team has been activated for noninjured patients meeting physiologic criteria secondary to nontraumatic hemorrhage...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855778/older-age-comorbid-illnesses-and-injury-severity-affect-immediate-outcome-in-elderly-trauma-patients
#18
Dvora Kirshenbom, Zila Ben-Zaken, Nehama Albilya, Eva Niyibizi, Miklosh Bala
INTRODUCTION: Trauma in elderly population is frequent and is associated with significant mortality, not only due to age but also due to complicated factors such as the severity of injury, preexisting comorbidity, and incomplete general assessment. Our primary aim was to determine whether age, Injury Severity Score (ISS), and preexisting comorbidities had an adverse effect on the outcome in patients aged 65 years and above following blunt trauma. METHODS: We included 1027 patients aged ≥65 years who were admitted to our Level I Trauma Center following blunt trauma...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855777/characteristics-and-management-of-blunt-renal-injury-in-children
#19
Yuichi Ishida, Alan H Tyroch, Nader Emami, Susan F McLean
BACKGROUND: Renal trauma in the pediatric population is predominately due to blunt mechanism of injury. Our purpose was to determine the associated injuries, features, incidence, management, and outcomes of kidney injuries resulting from blunt trauma in the pediatric population in a single level I trauma center. METHODS: This was a retrospective chart and trauma registry review of all pediatric blunt renal injuries at a regional level I trauma center that provides care to injured adults and children...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855776/the-value-of-arterial-blood-gas-parameters-for-prediction-of-mortality-in-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#20
Katharina Isabel von Auenmueller, Martin Christ, Benjamin Michel Sasko, Hans-Joachim Trappe
CONTEXT: Sudden cardiac death is one of the leading causes of death in Europe, and early prognostication remains challenging. There is a lack of valid parameters for the prediction of survival after cardiac arrest. AIMS: This study aims to investigate if arterial blood gas parameters correlate with mortality of patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who were admitted to our hospital after resuscitation following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2013, were included in this retrospective study...
July 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
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