Read by QxMD icon Read

IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering

Sardar Ansari, Negar Farzaneh, Marlena Duda, Kelsey Horan, Hedvig B Andersson, Zachary D Goldberger, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Kayvan Najarian
There is a growing body of research focusing on automatic detection of ischemia and myocardial infarction (MI) using computer algorithms. In clinical settings, ischemia and MI are diagnosed using electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings as well as medical context including patient symptoms, medical history, and risk factors-information that is often stored in the electronic health records. The ECG signal is inspected to identify changes in the morphology such as ST-segment deviation and T-wave changes. Some of the proposed methods compute similar features automatically while others use nonconventional features such as wavelet coefficients...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Salvatore Andrea Pullano, Ifana Mahbub, Maria Giovanna Bianco, Samira Shamsir, Syed Kamrul Islam, Mark S Gaylord, Vichien Lorch, Antonino S Fiorillo
Apnea in the pediatric population is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in a large number of developed as well as developing countries. It is even more prominent in preterm newborn infants and is commonly referred to as apnea of prematurity. Its current diagnosis and therapy involve the use of traditional technologies, which often result in discomfort to the infants due to the use of invasive devices attached to their sensitive skin, especially in overnight clinical sleep analysis (for over a 12- or 24-h period)...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Mohammad Wajih Alam, Md Mehedi Hasan, Shahed Khan Mohammed, Farah Deeba, Khan A Wahid
The recent technological advances in capsule endoscopy system have revolutionized the healthcare system by introducing new techniques and functionalities to diagnose gastrointestinal tract. These techniques improve diagnostic accuracy and reduce the risk of hospitalization. Although many benefits of capsule endoscopy are known, there are still limitations including lower battery life, higher bandwidth, poor image quality and lower frame rate, which have restricted its wide use. In order to solve these limitations, the importance of a low-cost compression algorithm, that produces higher frame rate with better image quality and yet consumes lower bandwidth and transmission power, is paramount...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Felicitas J Detmer, Julian Hettig, Daniel Schindele, Martin Schostak, Christian Hansen
PURPOSE: Many virtual and augmented reality systems have been proposed to support renal interventions. This paper reviews such systems employed in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma and renal stones. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed. Inclusion criteria were virtual and augmented reality systems for radical or partial nephrectomy and renal stone treatment, excluding systems solely developed or evaluated for training purposes. RESULTS: In total, 52 research papers were identified and analyzed...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Charrise M Ramkissoon, Brian Aufderheide, B Wayne Bequette, Josep Vehi
The artificial pancreas (AP) is a closed-loop device with the potential to reduce the complications associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus by maintaining euglycemia in patients. The AP encompasses an algorithm that determines the amount of insulin (and other hormones) to be administered to the patient via a continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion pump using information provided by a continuous glucose monitor and other sensors. As the AP approaches commercialization, special attention must be given to safety within all the individual components, including physiological changes in the patient, as well as safety issues that can arise when these components are combined into a single system...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Julian Andres Ramirez-Bautista, Jorge Adalberto Huerta-Ruelas, Silvia Liliana Chaparro-Cardenas, Antonio Hernandez-Zavala
Gait is an important part of our life, as it affects many daily activities. Special footwear is fundamental to obtain an ergonomic gait and to extract data for analysis. The plantar foot pressure can be employed to detect many kinds of disorders, suggest improvements in treatments, rehabilitation tasks, patient monitoring, development of orthopedic devices, and other applications. In recent years, attention to this topic has grown and is reflected in many works issued in both commercial and academic groups, and has focused on the development of devices for foot plantar pressure measurement with applications in medicine, sports, and research...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Vijitha Periyasamy, Manojit Pramanik
Monte Carlo (MC) simulation for light propagation in tissue is the gold standard for studying the light propagation in biological tissue and has been used for years. Interaction of photons with a medium is simulated based on its optical properties. New simulation geometries, tissue-light interaction methods, and recording techniques recently have been designed. Applications, such as whole mouse body simulations for fluorescence imaging, eye modeling for blood vessel imaging, skin modeling for terahertz imaging, and human head modeling for sinus imaging, have emerged...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Rui Li, Daniel T H Lai, WeeSit Lee
Wireless body area networks (WBANs) have attained increasing popularity as the next generation framework of wearable technologies for human monitoring. Invasive or noninvasive wearable sensors designed in a WBAN are worn to gather vital information. Biofeedback is a recent concept where collected data are used to generate actuation signals in WBANs. Applications can be seen in various areas such as sports (e.g., locomotor velocity) or medicine (e.g., blood pressure measurement). However, since the body is closely regulated, the next generation WBAN technology must be smart enough to react to monitored data...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Sergey N Makarov, Gregory M Noetscher, Janakinadh Yanamadala, Matthew W Piazza, Sara Louie, Alexander Prokop, Ara Nazarian, Aapo Nummenmaa
Numerical simulation of electromagnetic, thermal, and mechanical responses of the human body to different stimuli in magnetic resonance imaging safety, antenna research, electromagnetic tomography, and electromagnetic stimulation is currently limited by the availability of anatomically adequate and numerically efficient cross-platform computational models or "virtual humans." The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive review of modern human models and body region models available in the field and their important features...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Lingraj Dora, Sanjay Agrawal, Rutuparna Panda, Ajith Abraham
Brain tissue segmentation is one of the most sought after research areas in medical image processing. It provides detailed quantitative brain analysis for accurate disease diagnosis, detection, and classification of abnormalities. It plays an essential role in discriminating healthy tissues from lesion tissues. Therefore, accurate disease diagnosis and treatment planning depend merely on the performance of the segmentation method used. In this review, we have studied the recent advances in brain tissue segmentation methods and their state-of-the-art in neuroscience research...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Tobias Cibis, Alistair McEwan, Arne Sieber, Bjoern Eskofier, John Lippmann, Karl Friedl, Michael Bennett
The physiologic response of the human body to different environments is a complex phenomenon to ensure survival. Immersion and compressed gas diving, together, trigger a set of responses. Monitoring those responses in real time may increase our understanding of them and help us to develop safety procedures and equipment. This review outlines diving physiology and diseases and identifies physiological parameters worthy of monitoring. Subsequently, we have investigated technological approaches matched to those in order to evaluated their capability for underwater application...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Gourishetti Ravali, Muniyandi Manivannan
Needle insertion is the most basic skill in medical care, and training has to be imparted not only for physicians but also for nurses and paramedics. In most needle insertion procedures, haptic feedback from the needle is the main stimulus in which novices need training. For better patient safety, the classical methods of training the haptic skills have to be replaced with simulators based on new robotic and graphics technologies. This paper reviews the current advances in needle insertion modeling, classified into three sections: needle insertion models, tissue deformation models, and needle-tissue interaction models...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Apurva Sonawane, Pandiaraj Manickam, Shekhar Bhansali
Technological evolution in wearable sensors accounts for major growth and transformation in a multitude of industries, ranging from healthcare to computing and informatics to communication and biomedical sciences. The major driver for this transformation is the new-found ability to continuously monitor and analyze the patients' physiology in patients' natural setting. Numerous wearable sensors are already on the market and are summarized. Most of the current technologies have focused on electrophysiological, electromechanical, or acoustic measurements...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Romany F Mansour
Complications caused due to diabetes mellitus result in significant microvasculature that eventually causes diabetic retinopathy (DR) that keeps on increasing with time, and eventually causes complete vision loss. Identifying subtle variations in morphological changes in retinal blood vessels, optic disk, exudates, microaneurysms, hemorrhage, etc., is complicated and requires a robust computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system so as to enable earlier and efficient DR diagnosis practices. In the majority of the existing CAD systems, functional enhancements have been realized time and again to ensure accurate and efficient diagnosis of DR...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Nilanjan Dey, Amira S Ashour, Fuqian Shi, R Simon Sherratt
One of the significant challenges in capsule endoscopy (CE) is to precisely determine the pathologies location. The localization process is primarily estimated using the received signal strength (RSS) from sensors in the capsule system through its movement in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Consequently, the wireless CE (WCE) system requires improvement to handle the lack of the capsule instantaneous localization information and to solve the relatively low transmission data rate challenges. Furthermore, the association among the capsule's transmitter position, capsule location, signal reduction, and the capsule direction should be assessed...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Pietro Arico, Gianluca Borghini, Gianluca Di Flumeri, Stefano Bonelli, Alessia Golfetti, Ilenia Graziani, Simone Pozzi, Jean-Paul Imbert, Geraud Granger, Railane Benhacene, Dirk Schaefer, Fabio Babiloni
This paper provides a focused and organized review of the research progress on neurophysiological indicators, also called "neurometrics," to show how they can effectively address some of the most important human factors (HFs) needs in the air traffic management (ATM) field. In order to better understand and highlight available opportunities of such neuroscientific applications, state of the art on the most involved HFs and related cognitive processes (e.g., mental workload and cognitive training) are presented together with examples of possible applications in current and future ATM scenarios...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Siyang Zuo, Guang-Zhong Yang
Endomicroscopy is a new technique that allows human tissue to be characterized in vivo and in situ, circumventing the need for conventional biopsy and histology. Despite increased application and growing research interests in this area, the clinical application of endomicroscopy, however, is limited by difficulties in ergonomic control, consistent probe-tissue contact, large area surveillance, and retargeting. Recently, advances in high-speed imaging, mosaicing, and robotics have aimed to address these difficulties...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Kush Agarwal, Rangarajan Jegadeesan, Yong-Xin Guo, Nitish V Thakor
Neural implants have emerged over the last decade as highly effective solutions for the treatment of dysfunctions and disorders of the nervous system. These implants establish a direct, often bidirectional, interface to the nervous system, both sensing neural signals and providing therapeutic treatments. As a result of the technological progress and successful clinical demonstrations, completely implantable solutions have become a reality and are now commercially available for the treatment of various functional disorders...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Christine Goffin, Steffen Leonhardt, Klaus Radermacher
Despite the normal mean intracranial pressure in normal pressure hydrocephalus, the cerebral ventricles enlarge. Many hypotheses exist as to why, and these have lately been investigated in simulation. These can be grouped into one of two categories: 1) Tissue damage is caused by a transmantle pressure gradient widening the ventricles mechanically. 2) The overall cerebrospinal fluid dynamics are disturbed resulting from various pathologies. This paper reviews the literature regarding the computational simulation models investigating the development of enlarging ventricles in connection with the onset of hydrocephalus...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Jiawei Xu, Srinjoy Mitra, Chris Van Hoof, Refet Firat Yazicioglu, Kofi A A Makinwa
Active electrodes (AEs), i.e., electrodes with built-in readout circuitry, are increasingly being implemented in wearable healthcare and lifestyle applications due to AEs' robustness to environmental interference. An AE locally amplifies and buffers μV-level EEG signals before driving any cabling. The low output impedance of an AE mitigates cable motion artifacts, thus enabling the use of high-impedance dry electrodes for greater user comfort. However, developing a wearable EEG system, with medical grade signal quality on noise, electrode offset tolerance, common-mode rejection ratio, input impedance, and power dissipation, remains a challenging task...
2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"