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Journal of Dermatological Case Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435478/disseminated-extrafacial-rosacea-with-papulonecrotic-lesions
#1
Toshio Demitsu, Rieko Tsukahara, Naoka Umemoto, Satoshi Nakamura, Kazutaka Nagashima, Tomoko Yamada, Maki Kakurai, Yoshiaki Tanaka, Akihiro Kakehashi, Toshiko Miyata
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a common skin disease and predominantly affects on the face of middle-aged women. It exceptionally occurs on the extrafacial areas such as ear, neck, axilla, and upper extremities, and has been reported as disseminated rosacea. MAIN OBSERVATION: A 40-year-old Japanese female presented with one-month history of erythematous skin eruption with burning sensation on the face, neck, and upper limbs. Physical examination showed rosacea-like eruption on the face as well as multiple papules disseminated on the neck, forearms, and hands...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435477/acrodermatitis-enteropathica-in-a-pair-of-twins
#2
Abdullatif Al Rashed, Mohja Al Shehri, Feroze Kaliyadan
BACKGROUND: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder. First described by Brandt in 1936 and was named by Danbolt. A mutation in the SLC39A4 gene on chromosome 8 q24.3 is responsible for this disorder, which encodes zinc transporter Zip4. The diagnosis is made by the clinical presentation and histopathology and laboratory tests. In this case, we reported a twin presented with a typical rash and low zinc level. To our knowledge, very few cases reported as a twin with typical acrodermatitis enteropathica presentation...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435476/successful-treatment-of-bullous-lichen-planus-with-acitretin-monotherapy-review-of-treatment-options-for-bullous-lichen-planus-and-case-report
#3
Efstathios Rallis, Angeliki Liakopoulou, Constantinos Christodoulopoulos, Alexandros Katoulis
BACKGROUND: Bullous lichen planus (BLP) is a rare variant of lichen planus, characterized by the development of vesicular and bullous lesions, of skin, nails, hair and/or mucosa. MAIN OBSERVATIONS: We present a case of 63-year-old woman with BLP, unresponsive to previous therapies with topical corticosteroids, topical calcipotriol, antihistamines and oral cyclosporine (4 mg/kg/day for 4 months). She was already receiving treatment for arterial hypertension, hyperlipidemia, atrial fibrillation and uncontrolled diabetes mellitus...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435475/linear-and-bilateral-multinucleated-cell-angiohistiocytoma-mcah
#4
Valeria Coco, Cristina Guerriero, Alessandro Di Stefani, Ilaria Pennacchia, Ketty Peris
BACKGROUND: Multinucleated Cell Angiohistiocytoma (MCAH) is a rare disease, first described by Smith and Wilson Jones in 1985. Since then, less than 100 cases have been reported in the literature. Clinically it is characterized by papules or plaques arising from a specific anatomical area such as lower extremities, dorsum of the hands and face. Some generalized cases have been reported. MAIN OBSERVATIONS: We report a case of 77-year-old woman who presented with multiple itching...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400896/treatment-of-recalcitrant-erosive-oral-lichen-planus-and-desquamative-gingivitis-with-oral-apremilast
#5
Mohn'd AbuHilal, Scott Walsh, Neil Shear
BACKGROUND: Erosive oral lichen planus and desquamative gingivitis are uncommon but severe debilitating variants of oral lichen planus. Treatment of these presentations is difficult and challenging. MAIN OBSERVATION: A 44-year-old woman was referred to the dermatology clinic with chronic painful lichen planus-related gingivitis and buccal erosions. She has failed multiple treatments including topical clobetasol and tacrolimus, intralesional corticosteroids and several systemic and immunosuppressive agents...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400895/melanoma-and-basal-cell-carcinoma-in-the-hereditary-leiomyomatosis-and-renal-cell-cancer-syndrome-an-expansion-of-the-oncologic-spectrum
#6
Lacy L Sommer, Rhonda E Schnur, Warren R Heymann
BACKGROUND: Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer syndrome (HLRCC) is an autosomal dominant syndrome due to mutation in fumarate hydratase. Patients with HLRCC frequently develop cutaneous and uterine leiomyomata and are at risk for renal cell carcinoma. Rarely, other malignancies have been reported. MAIN OBSERVATIONS: We report the development of basal cell carcinoma and melanoma in two siblings with genetically-confirmed HLRCC. CONCLUSIONS: It is unclear whether the development of melanoma and basal cell carcinoma in our patients is due directly to their mutations in the gene encoding fumarate hydratase, or genetic susceptibility at another unrelated locus, or whether these are incidental lesions...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400894/surgical-suturing-induced-melanocytic-nevi-a-new-type-of-eruptive-melanocytic-nevi
#7
Alexander C Katoulis, Dimitrios Sgouros, Giuseppe Argenziano, Efstathios Rallis, Ioannis Panayiotides, Dimitrios Rigopoulos
BACKGROUND: Nevogenesis is a complex process involving several pathogenetic mechanisms, including genetic factors, hormonal influences and UV-radiation. Trauma has been described as a triggering factor for an alternative pathway of nevogenesis. Eruptive melanocytic nevi (EMN), related either to immunosuppression or to blistering disorders, represent a special type of nevi probably induced by the disruption of the dermo-epidermal junction and consequent proliferation of quiescent pigment cells during re-epithelization...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400893/epidermolysis-bullosa-simplex-with-muscular-dystrophy-review-of-the-literature-and-a-case-report
#8
REVIEW
Jana Kyrova, Lenka Kopeckova, Hana Buckova, Lenka Mrazova, Karel Vesely, Marketa Hermanova, Hana Oslejskova, Lenka Fajkusova
BACKGROUND: Epidermolysis bullosa simplex associated with muscular dystrophy is a genetic skin disease caused by plectin deficiency. A case of a 19-year-old Czech patient affected with this disease and a review all previously published clinical cases are presented. MAIN OBSERVATIONS: In our patient, skin signs of the disease developed after birth. Bilateral ptosis at the age of 8 years was considered as the first specific symptom of muscular dystrophy. Since then, severe scoliosis, urological and psychiatric complication have quickly developed...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900064/enzalutamide-induced-acute-generalized-exanthematous-pustulosis
#9
Chloé Alberto, Maria Polina Konstantinou, Catherine Martinage, Eline Casassa, Emilie Tournier, Haleh Bagheri, Vincent Sibaud, Loïc Mourey, Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier, Nicolas Meyer, Carle Paul, Cristina Bulai Livideanu
INTRODUCTION: Enzalutamide (Xtandi®) is a new potent inhibitor of the signaling pathway for the androgen receptor with a half-life of 5.8 days. It has been on the market for the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer since November 2013. OBJECTIVE: We report the first case of acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) induced by enzalutamide. OBSERVATION: A 62-year-old male patient with no significant medical history, was diagnosed in April 2014 with metastatic prostatic adenocarcinoma...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900063/elephantiasis-nostras-verrucosa-excision-with-full-thickness-skin-grafting-of-the-penis-scrotum-and-perineal-area
#10
Nathan Judge, Ali Kilic
BACKGROUND: Elephantiasis nostras verrucosa is a rare cutaneous complication of chronic lymphatic obstruction. It is most commonly caused by bacterial infection, trauma, neoplasia, obesity, and venous stasis. MAIN OBSERVATIONS: In this report, we describe a case of elephantiasis nostras verrucosa involving the scrotum and perineal area in a 32-year-old. The lesions were excised, and full-thickness skin grafting of the penis, scrotum, and perineal skin was performed...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900062/pyoderma-gangrenosum-with-spleen-involvement-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report
#11
Rodica Cosgarea, Simona Corina Senilă, Radu Badea, Loredana Ungureanu
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare, ulcerative, destructive, non-infectious dermatologic disease and it is one clinical entity within the spectrum of neutrophilic dermatoses. Visceral involvement, manifesting as sterile neutrophilic infiltrates in sites other than skin and, is infrequent. Splenic involvement is very rare. MAIN OBSERVATIONS: We present a case of a 58-year-old woman with pyoderma gangrenosum with spleen involvement and review all reports of similar cases...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900061/the-diagnostic-value-of-trichoscopy-in-systemic-sclerosis
#12
Małgorzata Kwiatkowska, Adriana Rakowska, Irena Walecka, Lidia Rudnicka
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Systemic sclerosis is a connective tissue disease, which is characterized by fibrosis of the skin and internal organs, presence of specific antibodies and vascular involvement. Capillaroscopy is a useful method for the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with systemic sclerosis. Trichoscopy is a rapid, non-invasive technique, which has become a standard procedure in differential diagnosis of scalp and hair diseases. The aim of this study was to assess whether trichoscopy may be applied in imaging microvessels in patients with systemic sclerosis...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119004/photoletter-to-the-editor-dermoscopy-as-a-diagnostic-aid-for-pruritic-folliculitis-of-pregnancy
#13
Enzo Errichetti, Giuseppe Stinco
Pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy is a noninfective dermatosis of the gestation period characterized by multiple pruritic follicular papules and/or pustules which is not uncommonly mistaken for other similar skin disorders that may occur during pregnancy. In the present article we describe the usefulness of dermoscopy as a supportive diagnostic tool in a case of pruritic folliculitis of pregnancy. The main (always present) dermoscopic clue consisted of a vellus hair in the centre of each papule/pustule. Moreover, most papules showed a central yellowish-orange hue with some dotted vessels and irregular haemorrhagic spots...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119003/photoletter-to-the-editor-postradiation-sarcoma
#14
Cristina Garrido-Colmenero, Ignacio Valenzuela-Salas, Gonzalo Blasco-Morente, José Aneiros-Fernández, Jesús Tercedor-Sánchez
Postradiation sarcomas are rare and highly malignant tumors which may appear as a consequence of radiotherapy. They may originate on bone or soft tissues.We report the case of a patient who developed a malignant fibrous histiocytoma 35 years after radiotherapy for a melanoma on her right leg.
March 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119002/stevens-johnson-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-during-long-term-etanercept-therapy
#15
Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Natalia Zdanowska, Aleksandra Znajewska-Pander, Waldemar Placek
BACKGROUND: Etanercept and other anti-TNF-alpha agents have been indicated as a therapeutic option in severe drug reactions, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis. Etanercept has been shown to quickly reduce the detachment of the epidermis and shorten healing time. Cases of etanercept-induced severe adverse drug reactions were also described. MAIN OBSERVATIONS: A 27-year-old woman with a 4-year history of etanercept and sulfasalazine treatment for rheumatoid arthritis was admitted with Stevens-Johnson syndrome...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119001/sporadic-and-familial-cases-of-aquagenic-keratoderma
#16
Hülya Nazik, Selçuk Nazik, Feride Gül Çoban, Betül Demir
BACKGROUND: Aquagenic keratoderma is a dermatosis characterized by transient whitish and transluscent hyperwrinkling after water exposure. The aim of the current report was to present a sporadic and familial cases of aquagenic keratoderma. OBSERVATION: Sporadic Case: A 38-year-old female patient presented with eruption in the right hand after exposure to water. The patient was placed on systemic acitretin therapy with the diagnosis of idiopathic acquired aquagenic keratoderma...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27119000/erythroderma-a-clinical-and-etiological-study-of-103-patients
#17
Artur César, Maria Cruz, Alberto Mota, Filomena Azevedo
BACKGROUND: Erythroderma is an uncommon and severe dermatological manifestation of a variety of diseases. It is commonly challenging to find the underlying cause. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the causes of the disease in patients with erythroderma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data including the clinical symptoms, laboratory examinations, histopathology and follow-up information were collected from patients with erythroderma admitted to our department between 2000 and 2010...
March 31, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848324/photoletter-to-the-editor-calcinosis-cutis-in-a-burn-scar
#18
Aristóteles Rosmaninho, Sandrina Carvalho, Inês Lobo
Calcinosis cutis is a rare condition characterized by the deposition of insoluble calcium salts in the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Dystrophic calcinosis cutis appears as a result of local tissue damage or abnormalities, such as alterations in extra-cellular matrix proteins or subcutaneous tissue with normal calcium and phosphate serum levels. It has been rarely described as a late complication of burns. Latency periods of 15-54 years have been reported. We describe the case of a 57-year-old man with dystrophic calcinosis cutis in a burn scar, which developed 42 years after the skin injury...
December 31, 2015: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848323/photoletter-to-the-editor-response-of-linear-porokeratosis-to-photodynamic-therapy-in-an-11-year-old-girl
#19
Cristina Garrido-Colmenero, Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde, Eliseo Martínez-García, José Aneiros-Fernández, Jesús Tercedor-Sánchez
Porokeratoses are a group of different entities that belong to the skin keratinization disorders. From the histological point of view the main and common characteristic of these disorders is the presence of compact parakeratotic columns known as cornoid lamellae. All varieties should be carefully treated and followed-up because of the risk of developing malignant epithelial tumors. We report the successful response to photodynamic therapy (PDT) in a pediatric patient diagnosed with linear porokeratosis.
December 31, 2015: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848322/photoletter-to-the-editor-subcutaneous-ciliated-mullerian-cyst
#20
Matthew Keisling, Adrian Marinovich, Brooke Burkey
Cutaneous ciliated cysts are benign lesions occurring primarily on the lower extremity of girls and young women. We present a case of a cutaneous ciliated Mullerian cyst arising in the lower leg of a 14-year-old girl, with brief discussion of etiology and diagnosis. This is a rare entity with approximately 50 cases in the literature.
December 31, 2015: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
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