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American Journal of Translational Research

Huimin Qin, Hongtao Li, Xiaolin Zhou, Chen Peng, Honghu Tan, Minxin Wang
Presently, there have been a lot of documents confirmed that aflatoxin B1 could promote the incident rate of hepato-cellular carcinoma, but the specific mechanism is not completely clear. Some evidences showed that it might relate to oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction. So the rat hepato-cellular carcinoma model was applied in this study for being discussed. Aflatoxin B1 was applied for inducing the rats to produce hepato-cellular carcinoma model to evaluate the expression of histopathology and glutathione transferase...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Yan Zhang, Fei Bao, Yan Wang, Zhihong Wu
As two major non-operative methods, physiotherapy and acupuncture have been proved to be safe and effective in osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. However, only a little study focused on functions of both methods on cartilage repairing. The main goal of this research is to prove and compare effectiveness of acupuncture and physiotherapy on OA, and to explore their possible efficacy on cartilage repairing. One hundred knees of 50 participants with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) were randomly divided into acupuncture group and physiotherapy group...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Yang Yang, Jian-Ge Qiu, Yong Li, Jin-Ming Di, Wen-Ji Zhang, Qi-Wei Jiang, Di-Wei Zheng, Yao Chen, Meng-Ning Wei, Jia-Rong Huang, Kun Wang, Zhi Shi
The RNA-guided clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic (CRISPR) in combination with a CRISPR-associated nuclease 9 (Cas9) nuclease system is a new rapid and precise technology for genome editing. In the present study, we applied the CRISPR/Cas9 system to target ABCB1 (also named MDR1) gene which encodes a 170 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein (P-glycoprotein/P-gp) transporting multiple types of chemotherapeutic drugs including taxanes, epipodophyllotoxins, vinca alkaloids and anthracyclines out of cells to contribute multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer cells...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Qunjun Duan, Weijun Yang, Daming Jiang, Kaiyu Tao, Aiqiang Dong, Haifeng Cheng
Myocardial infarction could result in high morbidity and mortality and heart diseases of children have becoming prevalent. Functions of spermine administration on cardiomyocytes remain unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the role of spermine pretreatment on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). A cell model of simulated ischemia/reperfusion injury was established by incubating neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cardiomyocytes in ischemia medium and re-cultured in normal medium. Of note, spermine pretreatment significantly reduced apoptosis and increased viability of immature cardiomyocytes...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Zheng Jin, Ying Yu, Ri-Hua Jin, Yu-Bo Wang, Hai-Yang Xu
Glioblastoma is a highly malignant cancer of glioma cells. Present study investigates the anti proliferative activity of granatin B on glioma cell by inducing apoptosis. In this study Glioma cell (U87) was used on which anti proliferative activity of granatin B (0, 20, 40 & 80 ┬ÁM) assessed by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5 diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Thereafter Apoptosis of glioma cell was assessed by apoptosis detection kit suing flow cytometer, DAPI staining and by estimating the activity of caspase 3 & 9 using caspase 3 & 9 kit...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Rui Zhang, Cui Liu, Xuejun Liu, Yunliang Guo
Cerebral ischemia is the major causes the neuronal damages throughout the world. Present investigation evaluates the neuroprotective effect of (SS) in cerebral ischemic rat. All the rats were separated in to four group such as control group, ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) group and Spatholobus suberectus (100 and 200 mg/kg, p.o.) treated group which receives extract for 15 days prior to I/R. At the end of protocol all the rats were sacrificed and brain was isolated for the biochemical estimation. Further, oxidative stress was estimated by measuring the level of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) in the brain tissue...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Congwen Bian, Yiqi Du, Rui Ding, Jun Huang, Yan Dai, Sujin Bao, Lijuan Zhao, Hefang Shen, Jing Dong, Jianjian Xu, Qiru Xiong, Lili Xu
Biliary complications remain a major source of morbidity in liver transplant patients. Among these complications, nonanastomotic biliary strictures (NAS) are especially common and they are frequently therapy resistant in part because biliary epithelial cells are more sensitive to warm ischemic injury than hepatocytes. It has been a challenge to maintain the physiological function of biliary epithelial cells during liver transplantation. In this work, we have examined the effect of oxygen on proliferation of biliary epithelial cells in the rat livers obtained from donation after circulatory death (DCD)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Quan-Yong Yi, Gang Deng, Nan Chen, Zhi-Sha Bai, Jian-Shu Yuan, Guo-Hai Wu, Yu-Wen Wang, Shan-Jun Wu
Previous studies have shown that metformin, an AMP-activated protein kinase activator widely prescribed for type 2 diabetes, is especially beneficial in cases of diabetic retinopathy (DR) with undetermined mechanisms. Here, we used a streptozotocin-induced diabetes model in mice to study the effects of metformin on the development of DR. We found that 10 weeks after STZ treatment, DR was induced in STZ-treated mice, regardless treatment of metformin. However, metformin alleviated the DR, seemingly through attenuating the retina neovascularization...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Lei Sun, Peng Sun, Qi-Ying Zhou, Xiangchun Gao, Qing Han
Increasing evidences have demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) play a significant role in the development of tumor. However, the role of metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) in uveal melanoma remains unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that the expression of MALAT1 was upregulated in the uveal melanoma tissues compared to normal tissues. Among them, MALAT1 was upregulated in 72% (18/25) uveal melanoma tissues compared to their paired normal tissues. Knockdown of MALAT1 suppressed uveal melanoma cell proliferation, colony information, invasion and migration...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Murong You, Juehua Jing, Dasheng Tian, Jun Qian, Guangrong Yu
Dioscin has been shown to play important roles in suppression of osteoclast maturation. It is proposed as a potential natural product for the treatment of osteoclast-related diseases. We hypothesized in this study that treatment of dioscin on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) could increase the osteo-chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs and promote endochondral ossification of BMSCs in bone fracture environment. BMSCs were extracted from femur and tibia of male C57b mice. Stemness of BMSCs was studied by performing proliferation assay and multilineage differentiation...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Xiang Wang, Rui Jiang, Enhai Cui, Wenming Feng, Huihui Guo, Donghua Gu, Chengwu Tang, Tao Xue, Ying Bao
Chicken ovalbumin upstream promoter transcription factor II (COUP-TFII) promotes progression of a variety of tumors. The study was designed to explore the role of COUP-TFII in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) resistance to doxorubicin. The sensitivity of CRC cell lines to doxorubicin was calculated by different proliferation rate measured with cell count kit-8 and EdU (5-Ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine) assay. The expression of COUP-TFII, Vimentin and E-cadherin were verified using western blot. After doxorubicin administration, CRC cell lines presented apparently down-regulated COUP-TFII, E-cadherin expression and increased Vimentin expression...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Xiaosheng Xu, Jian Shen
Reduced placental growth factor (PLGF) during pregnancy is known to be a reason for developing preeclampsia (PE) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Recently, it has been shown that reduced PLGF may induce GDM through suppressing beta-cell mass growth in a PI3k/Akt signalling-dependent manner. Here, we dissected the interaction between beta-cells and islet endothelial cells in this model. We analysed proliferation of beta-cells and islet endothelial cells at different time points of gestation in mice...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Wensheng Ge, Chaodong Han, Jing Wang, Yunping Zhang
Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is a common aggressive head and neck cancer with high mortality and incidence. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding and endogenous RNAs that posttranscriptionally inhibit gene expression. In this study, we showed that miR-300 expression was downregulated in LSCC tissues compared with adjacent no-tumor tissues. MiR-300 overexpression inhibited Hep-2 cell proliferation, as well as the expression of ki-67 and PCNA. Moreover, overexpression of miR-300 repressed the cell invasion in Hep-2 cells...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Jonathan Schwartz, Xiaojia Niu, Eric Walton, Laura Hurley, Hai Lin, Holly Edwards, Jeffrey W Taub, Zhihong Wang, Yubin Ge
Cure rates for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain suboptimal; thus new treatment strategies are needed for this deadly disease. Poor clinical outcomes have been associated with overexpression of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and Mcl-1, which have garnered great interest as therapeutic targets. While the Bcl-2-selective inhibitor ABT-199 has demonstrated promising preclinical anti-leukemic activities, intrinsic drug resistance remains a problem. In our most recent study, we identified Mcl-1 sequestration of Bim as a mechanism of intrinsic resistance to ABT-199 in AML cells, thus upregulating Bim could overcome such resistance...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Zhiguo Zhou, Haixi Chen, Wei Wei, Shanghui Zhou, Jingbo Xu, Xifu Wang, Qingguo Wang, Guixiang Zhang, Zhuoli Zhang, Linfeng Zheng
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the image quality and radiation dose in computed tomography urography (CTU) images acquired with a low kilovoltage peak (kVp) in combination with an adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) algorithm. METHODS: A total of 45 subjects (18 women, 27 men) who underwent CTU with kV assist software for automatic selection of the optimal kVp were included and divided into two groups (A and B) based on the kVp and image reconstruction algorithm: group A consisted of patients who underwent CTU with a 80 or 100 kVp and whose images were reconstructed with the 50% ASiR algorithm (n=32); group B consisted of patients who underwent CTU with a 120 kVp and whose images were reconstructed with the filtered back projection (FBP) algorithm (n=13)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Chenggen Xiao, Qiaoling Zhou, Xiaozhao Li, Hui Li, Ting Meng, Yong Zhong, Jiaxi Pu, Mengyuan Zhu, Yan Xu, Lu Gan, Hong Sun, Ping Xiao
IL-22-producing helper T cells (Th22 cells) have been reported to be involved in lgA nephropathy. However, the mechanisms underlying the differentiation and immune regulation of Th22 cells in lgA nephropathy remain unknown. To elucidate the mechanisms by which Th22 cells differentiate and are recruited into the kidney in lgA nephropathy, the distribution of Th22 cells in both the kidney and blood was determined. Additionally, the impacts of proinflammatory cytokines and antigen presentation in the kidney on Th22 cell differentiation were explored...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Chunxia Zhu, Yaoting Ji, Shengbo Liu, Zhuan Bian
This study aimed to investigate whether follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-induced alveolar bone resorption was mediated by a cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) enzyme related mechanism. Experimental periodontitis was induced in bilateral ovariectomized (OVX) rats, some of which were injected with triptorelin, an FSH inhibitor. After mandibles were collected, we performed micro-computed tomography to evaluate alveolar bone loss and immunohistochemical staining to assess COX-2 expression. As well, human periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs) were treated with FSH (30 ng/ml), and the COX-2 mRNA and protein expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blotting, respectively; prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Bin Yang, Ping Yan, Hui Gong, Lin Zuo, Ying Shi, Jian Guo, Rui Guo, Jun Xie, Bao Li
Myocyte apoptosis is a key determinant of cardiac recovery and prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of TNF superfamily, is a pro-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic cytokine implicated in physiological tissue regeneration and wound repair and is closely related to cardiac remodeling, dysfunction and fibrosis. However, the role of TWEAK and its receptor Fn14 in the cardiomyocyte apoptosis is still poorly understood...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Qing-Hua Cao, Fang Liu, Zu-Li Yang, Xin-Hui Fu, Zi-Huan Yang, Quentin Liu, Lei Wang, Xiang-Bo Wan, Xin-Juan Fan
Autophagy-related (ATG) genes contributed to tumorigenesis and cancer progression. This study aims to investigate the expression of ATG proteins and their clinicopathological significance in gastric cancer. Nine well-known ATG proteins, (ULK1, Beclin 1, ATG3, ATG5, ATG7, ATG9, ATG10, ATG12 and LC3B) and p62/SQSTM1, which represented key regulators that participated in whole autophagosomes stepwise processes, were detected in a large cohort of 352 primary gastric cancer patients. Among these 352 patients, 117 cases were randomly assigned to the training set to detect the clinicopathological value of ATG proteins, and another 235 patients were used as the testing set for further validation...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Qifeng Luo, Shiva Basnet, Zhenling Dai, Shuping Li, Zhenyu Zhang, Haiyan Ge
The KRAS is an important and frequently mutated gene during colorectal carcinogenesis. The expression of miR-143 is often down-regulated and it might play an important role by targeting KRAS in colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the antitumor effects of miR-143 with an intermediate oncolytic adenovirus (Ad) in CRC. We constructed the recombinant virus Ad-ZD55-miR-143 and verified its expression by qPCR and western blot assays. Oncolytic potency of Ad-ZD55-miR-143 was determined by cytopathic effect assays using human SW480 CRC cells and L-02 normal liver cells...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
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