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American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095060/executive-functioning-mediates-the-effect-of-behavioral-problems-on-depression-in-mothers-of-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#1
Wai Chan, Leann E Smith, Jan S Greenberg, Jinkuk Hong, Marsha R Mailick
The present investigation explored long-term relationships of behavioral symptoms of adolescents and adults with developmental disabilities with the mental health of their mothers. Fragile X premutation carrier mothers of an adolescent or adult child with fragile X syndrome (n = 95), and mothers of a grown child with autism (n = 213) were included. Behavioral symptoms at Time 1 were hypothesized to predict maternal depressive symptoms at Time 3 via maternal executive dysfunction at Time 2. Results provided support for the mediating pathway of executive dysfunction...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095059/what-s-the-harm-harms-in-research-with-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#2
Katherine E McDonald, Nicole E Conroy, Robert S Olick, The Project Ethics Expert Panel
Scientific advances can improve the lives of adults with intellectual disability, yet concerns that research participation may impose harm impede scientific progress. What counts as harmful can be subjective and perceptions of harm may vary among stakeholders. We studied perspectives on the harmfulness of research events among adults with intellectual disability, family members and friends, disability service providers, researchers, and Institutional Review Board members. We found considerable variance. For example, adults with intellectual disability see exclusion from research as more harmful, but most psychosocial harms as less significant than others...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095058/efficacy-of-peer-support-arrangements-to-increase-peer-interaction-and-aac-use
#3
Elizabeth E Biggs, Erik W Carter, Jenny Gustafson
Supporting interaction in inclusive settings between students with complex communication needs (CCN) and their peers requires careful planning and support. We used a multiple-probe-across-participants design to investigate the efficacy of collaborative planning and peer support arrangements to increase peer interaction in inclusive classrooms. Participants were four middle school students with CCN who had an intellectual disability and used an iPad with Proloquo2Go as augmentative and alternative communication (AAC)...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095057/age-of-parental-concern-diagnosis-and-service-initiation-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Benjamin Zablotsky, Lisa J Colpe, Beverly A Pringle, Michael D Kogan, Catherine Rice, Stephen J Blumberg
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) require substantial support to address the core symptoms of ASD and co-occurring behavioral/developmental conditions. This study explores the early diagnostic experiences of school-aged children with ASD using survey data from a large probability-based national sample. Multivariate linear regressions were used to examine age when parent reported developmental concern to doctor, received ASD diagnosis, and first obtained services. Children whose parents had concerns about their child's verbal communication reported earlier ages for all outcomes when compared to children of parents who did not have verbal communication concerns...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095056/correlates-of-adaptive-functioning-in-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Kyle M Frost, Natalie Hong, Catherine Lord
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tend to have significant delays in adaptive functioning. In this study, the relationship between adaptive behavior and ASD symptomatology was investigated in minimally verbal, school-aged children with ASD (n = 333). Both the social affect (SA) and restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB) domains from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) were analyzed in relation to adaptive skills. ADOS SA scores contributed unique variance to scores in each Vineland domain, though cognitive ability and age accounted for considerably more variance across domains...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095055/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095054/adolescent-siblings-of-individuals-with-and-without-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-self-reported-empathy-and-feelings-about-their-brothers-and-sisters
#7
Carolyn M Shivers, Elisabeth M Dykens
Siblings of brothers or sisters with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are important but understudied family members. As many previous studies have relied on parent report of sibling outcomes, the use of sibling self-report is an important addition to the research. This study assessed the feelings of adolescent siblings toward their brothers or sisters with and without IDD, as well as broader aspects of sibling empathy. Data were collected via a national, online survey from 97 parent-sibling pairs...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095053/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802105/using-the-teaching-interactions-procedure-to-teach-social-skills-to-children-with-autism-and-intellectual-disability
#9
Aubrey Hui Shyuan Ng, Kim Schulze, Eric Rudrud, Justin B Leaf
This study implemented a modified teaching interaction procedure to teach social skills to 4 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder with an intellectual disability. A multiple baseline design across social skills and replicated across participants was utilized to evaluate the effects of the modified teaching interaction procedure. The results demonstrated that the teaching interaction procedure resulted in all participants acquiring targeted social skills, maintaining the targeted social skills, and generalizing the targeted social skills...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802104/a-comparative-study-of-sociability-in-angelman-cornelia-de-lange-fragile-x-down-and-rubinstein-taybi-syndromes-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Joanna Moss, Lisa Nelson, Laurie Powis, Jane Waite, Caroline Richards, Chris Oliver
Few comparative studies have evaluated the heterogeneity of sociability across a range of neurodevelopmental disorders. The Sociability Questionnaire for People with Intellectual Disability (SQID) was completed by caregivers of individuals with Cornelia de Lange (n = 98), Angelman (n = 66), Fragile X (n = 142), Down (n = 117) and Rubinstein Taybi (n = 88) syndromes and autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 107). Between groups and age-band (<12yrs; 12-18yrs; >18yrs) comparisons of SQID scores were conducted...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802103/food-insecurity-among-young-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-health-interview-survey
#11
Debra L Brucker, Derek Nord
People with intellectual or developmental disabilities (IDD) face higher levels of poverty than others, which can lead to concerns regarding areas of well-being, such as food security. Young adults with IDD who are, in many cases, transitioning from the system of educational, health care, and income supports of their youth into the adult world may be particularly vulnerable. Using pooled data from the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey, we find that young adults with IDD have significantly higher levels of food insecurity than young adults without disabilities, even when controlling for poverty...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802102/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-among-children-with-intellectual-disability
#12
Bridgette L Tonnsen, Andrea D Boan, Catherine C Bradley, Jane Charles, Amy Cohen, Laura A Carpenter
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often co-occur with intellectual disability (ID) and are associated with poorer psychosocial and family-related outcomes than ID alone. The present study examined the prevalence, stability, and characteristics of ASD estimates in 2,208 children with ASD and ID identified through the South Carolina Autism and Developmental Disabilities Network. The prevalence of ASD in ID was 18.04%, relative to ASD rates of 0.60%-1.11% reported in the general South Carolina population. Compared to children with ASD alone, those with comorbid ID exhibited increased symptom severity and distinct DSM-IV-TR profiles...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802101/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802100/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802099/risk-factors-for-behavioral-and-emotional-difficulties-in-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Katherine M Walton
This study examined risk factors for behavioral and emotional problems in 1973 siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Results revealed six correlates of sibling internalizing and externalizing problems: male gender, smaller family size, older age of the child with ASD, lower family income, child with ASD behavior problems, and sibling Broader Autism Phenotype. Siblings with few risk factors were at low risk for behavioral and emotional problems. However, siblings with many risk factors were at increased risk for both internalizing and externalizing problems...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802098/construct-validation-of-the-supports-intensity-scale-children-and-adult-versions-an-application-of-a-pseudo-multitrait-multimethod-approach
#16
Hyojeong Seo, Karrie A Shogren, Todd D Little, James R Thompson, Michael L Wehmeyer
This study examined the convergent validity of the Supports Intensity Scale - Adult Version (SIS-A; Thompson et al., 2015a ) and Supports Intensity Scale - Children's Version (SIS-C; Thompson et al., 2016a ). Data from SISOnline (n = 129,864) for the SIS-A and from the SIS-C standardization sample (n = 4,015) were used for analyses. Using a pseudo multitrait-multimethod model, we estimated observed support needs scores as shared trait (support needs concept) and method (type, frequency, and daily support time) variances...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611356/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611355/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611354/the-role-of-executive-function-in-independent-living-skills-in-female-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#19
Arianna Martin, Eve-Marie Quintin, Scott S Hall, Allan L Reiss
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is associated with executive function (EF) and independent living skills (ILS) deficits. We examined the role of childhood EF in ILS during adolescence/early adulthood in females with FXS and two comparison groups in the same age range (matched for IQ [IQ/Age group] and with another genetic condition, Turner syndrome [TS group]). EF and ILS were significantly higher for the FXS group than the IQ/Age group but did not differ from the TS group. For the FXS group, age and EF were significant predictors of ILS during adolescence/early adulthood, but there were no statistically significant longitudinal associations between EF and ILS...
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611353/parent-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-learning-and-developmental-problems-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-results-from-a-national-survey
#20
Katharine E Zuckerman, Olivia J Lindly, Brianna Sinche
This study aimed to assess variation in parent beliefs about causes of learning and developmental problems in U.S. children with autism spectrum disorder, using data from a nationally representative survey. Results showed that beliefs about a genetic/hereditary cause of learning/developmental problems were most common, but nearly as many parents believed in exposure causes. Forty present of parents had no definite causal beliefs. On multivariate analysis, parents who were non-White, publicly insured or poor were more likely than other parents to endorse exposure causes, or less likely to endorse genetic causes, compared to other parents...
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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