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American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802105/using-the-teaching-interactions-procedure-to-teach-social-skills-to-children-with-autism-and-intellectual-disability
#1
Aubrey Hui Shyuan Ng, Kim Schulze, Eric Rudrud, Justin B Leaf
This study implemented a modified teaching interaction procedure to teach social skills to 4 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder with an intellectual disability. A multiple baseline design across social skills and replicated across participants was utilized to evaluate the effects of the modified teaching interaction procedure. The results demonstrated that the teaching interaction procedure resulted in all participants acquiring targeted social skills, maintaining the targeted social skills, and generalizing the targeted social skills...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802104/a-comparative-study-of-sociability-in-angelman-cornelia-de-lange-fragile-x-down-and-rubinstein-taybi-syndromes-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Joanna Moss, Lisa Nelson, Laurie Powis, Jane Waite, Caroline Richards, Chris Oliver
Few comparative studies have evaluated the heterogeneity of sociability across a range of neurodevelopmental disorders. The Sociability Questionnaire for People with Intellectual Disability (SQID) was completed by caregivers of individuals with Cornelia de Lange (n = 98), Angelman (n = 66), Fragile X (n = 142), Down (n = 117) and Rubinstein Taybi (n = 88) syndromes and autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 107). Between groups and age-band (<12yrs; 12-18yrs; >18yrs) comparisons of SQID scores were conducted...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802103/food-insecurity-among-young-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-health-interview-survey
#3
Debra L Brucker, Derek Nord
People with intellectual or developmental disabilities (IDD) face higher levels of poverty than others, which can lead to concerns regarding areas of well-being, such as food security. Young adults with IDD who are, in many cases, transitioning from the system of educational, health care, and income supports of their youth into the adult world may be particularly vulnerable. Using pooled data from the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey, we find that young adults with IDD have significantly higher levels of food insecurity than young adults without disabilities, even when controlling for poverty...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802102/prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-among-children-with-intellectual-disability
#4
Bridgette L Tonnsen, Andrea D Boan, Catherine C Bradley, Jane Charles, Amy Cohen, Laura A Carpenter
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) often co-occur with intellectual disability (ID) and are associated with poorer psychosocial and family-related outcomes than ID alone. The present study examined the prevalence, stability, and characteristics of ASD estimates in 2,208 children with ASD and ID identified through the South Carolina Autism and Developmental Disabilities Network. The prevalence of ASD in ID was 18.04%, relative to ASD rates of 0.60%-1.11% reported in the general South Carolina population. Compared to children with ASD alone, those with comorbid ID exhibited increased symptom severity and distinct DSM-IV-TR profiles...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802101/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802100/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802099/risk-factors-for-behavioral-and-emotional-difficulties-in-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Katherine M Walton
This study examined risk factors for behavioral and emotional problems in 1973 siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Results revealed six correlates of sibling internalizing and externalizing problems: male gender, smaller family size, older age of the child with ASD, lower family income, child with ASD behavior problems, and sibling Broader Autism Phenotype. Siblings with few risk factors were at low risk for behavioral and emotional problems. However, siblings with many risk factors were at increased risk for both internalizing and externalizing problems...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802098/construct-validation-of-the-supports-intensity-scale-children-and-adult-versions-an-application-of-a-pseudo-multitrait-multimethod-approach
#8
Hyojeong Seo, Karrie A Shogren, Todd D Little, James R Thompson, Michael L Wehmeyer
This study examined the convergent validity of the Supports Intensity Scale - Adult Version (SIS-A; Thompson et al., 2015a ) and Supports Intensity Scale - Children's Version (SIS-C; Thompson et al., 2016a ). Data from SISOnline (n = 129,864) for the SIS-A and from the SIS-C standardization sample (n = 4,015) were used for analyses. Using a pseudo multitrait-multimethod model, we estimated observed support needs scores as shared trait (support needs concept) and method (type, frequency, and daily support time) variances...
November 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611356/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611355/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611354/the-role-of-executive-function-in-independent-living-skills-in-female-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#11
Arianna Martin, Eve-Marie Quintin, Scott S Hall, Allan L Reiss
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is associated with executive function (EF) and independent living skills (ILS) deficits. We examined the role of childhood EF in ILS during adolescence/early adulthood in females with FXS and two comparison groups in the same age range (matched for IQ [IQ/Age group] and with another genetic condition, Turner syndrome [TS group]). EF and ILS were significantly higher for the FXS group than the IQ/Age group but did not differ from the TS group. For the FXS group, age and EF were significant predictors of ILS during adolescence/early adulthood, but there were no statistically significant longitudinal associations between EF and ILS...
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611353/parent-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-learning-and-developmental-problems-among-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-results-from-a-national-survey
#12
Katharine E Zuckerman, Olivia J Lindly, Brianna Sinche
This study aimed to assess variation in parent beliefs about causes of learning and developmental problems in U.S. children with autism spectrum disorder, using data from a nationally representative survey. Results showed that beliefs about a genetic/hereditary cause of learning/developmental problems were most common, but nearly as many parents believed in exposure causes. Forty present of parents had no definite causal beliefs. On multivariate analysis, parents who were non-White, publicly insured or poor were more likely than other parents to endorse exposure causes, or less likely to endorse genetic causes, compared to other parents...
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611352/type-and-intensity-of-negative-life-events-are-associated-with-depression-in-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#13
Oddbjørn Hove, Jörg Assmus, Odd E Havik
This study investigated the associations between types and intensity of life events and symptoms of depression among adults with intellectual disabilities. A community sample (N = 593) was screened for current depression and exposure to life events (i.e., loss, illness, change, and bullying) during the previous 12 months. Symptoms of depression were measured using the Psychopathology Checklists for Adults With Intellectual Disabilities. Exposure to three of the four types of life events studied (loss, illness, and bullying) and the intensity of the events were associated with depression, particularly in the cases of loss of relatives and bullying...
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611351/engaging-communities-in-identifying-local-strategies-for-expanding-integrated-employment-during-and-after-high-school
#14
Erik W Carter, Carly L Blustein, Jennifer L Bumble, Sarah Harvey, Lynnette M Henderson, Elise D McMillan
Amidst decades of attention directed toward improving employment outcomes for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), few efforts have been made to engage communities in identifying local solutions for expanding integrated employment opportunities. We examined the implementation and outcomes of "community conversation" events held in 6 geographically and economically diverse locales. Each event used an asset-based dialogue approach called the World Café ( Brown & Isaacs, 2005 ) to solicit ideas from a broad cross-section of community members on improving integrated employment that reflect local priorities and possibilities...
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611350/sibling-relationships-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-with-people-who-have-intellectual-disability
#15
Frank J Floyd, Catherine L Costigan, Shana S Richardson
Cross-sectional (N = 106) and longitudinal (N = 35) samples of siblings (ages 11-38) reported on closeness and conflict in their relationships with sisters and brothers with intellectual disability. For closeness, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) distinguished feelings of emotional closeness from reciprocal sharing behaviors for these siblings. Age effects and changes over time indicated increasing emotional closeness and a general reduction in conflict from adolescence to young adulthood, with stable reciprocal sharing...
September 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351702/assessing-attitudes-toward-evidence-based-practices-of-workers-supporting-people-with-disabilities-a-validation-of-the-evidence-based-practice-attitudes-scale
#16
Maria V Vassos, Michael F Carroll
This study conducted an initial psychometric validation of the Evidence-Based Practice Attitude Scales (EBPAS; Aarons, 2004 ) with a sample of workers employed in services that offer support to people with disabilities. Workers completed an online survey containing the EBPAS-GEN (a disability services version) and EBPAS-PBS (a version focused on positive behavior support, an evidence-based practice used in disability services). Confirmatory factor analysis, group differences, and internal consistency results support the psychometric soundness of both versions; however, the EBPAS-GEN shows slightly weaker properties...
July 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351701/trajectories-of-developmental-functioning-among-children-of-adolescent-mothers-factors-associated-with-risk-for-delay
#17
Laudan B Jahromi, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly A Updegraff, Katharine H Zeiders
Children of adolescent mothers are at risk for developmental delays. Less is known about the heterogeneity in these children's developmental trajectories, and factors associated with different patterns of development. This longitudinal study used latent class growth analysis (LCGA) to identify distinct trajectories in children of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 204). Three distinct groups emerged: (a) a Delayed/Decreasing Functioning group, (b) an At-Risk/Recovering Functioning group, and (c) a Normative/Stable Functioning group...
July 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351700/assessing-the-social-skills-and-problem-behaviors-of-adolescents-with-severe-disabilities-enrolled-in-general-education-classes
#18
Gregory L Lyons, Heartley B Huber, Erik W Carter, Rui Chen, Jennifer M Asmus
Although enhancing the social competence of students with severe disabilities has long remained a prominent focus of school-based intervention efforts, relatively little attention has focused on identifying the most critical social and behavioral needs of students during high school. We examined the social skills and problem behaviors of 137 adolescents with severe disabilities from the vantage point of both special educators and parents. We sought to identify areas of potential intervention need, explore factors associated with social skill and problem behavior ratings, and examine the extent to which teachers and parents converged in their assessments of these needs...
July 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351699/measuring-health-related-quality-of-life-of-adults-with-down-syndrome
#19
Rebecca Jermyn Graves, J Carolyn Graff, Anna J Esbensen, Donna K Hathaway, Jim Y Wan, Mona Newsome Wicks
This study examined self- and caregiver-reported health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of 60 adults with Down syndrome (DS) using the QualityMetric Short Form-12 version 2 (SF-12v2). All HRQOL scores exceeded means and fell within one standard deviation of the SF-12v2 normative sample. Similarities between eight self- and caregiver-reported HRQOL scales were found with the exception of role physical scores (impact of health problems on typical accomplishments), which were lower when obtained by caregiver-report...
July 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351698/state-design-and-use-of-medicaid-1915-c-waivers-and-related-benefits-to-provide-services-to-children-and-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Nancy A Miller, M Beth Merryman, Karen Goldrich Eskow, Gregory S Chasson
Medicaid is the most significant source of funding for medical services for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We surveyed state Medicaid directors or their designees regarding their use of autism specific 1915(c) waivers and other Medicaid benefits to provide services to children and youth with ASD, with a response rate of 84%. Ten states used autism-specific waivers to provide services. These waivers varied in the number of children served, eligibility criteria and services provided, among other characteristics...
July 2016: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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