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American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198769/identifying-needs-based-groupings-among-people-accessing-intellectual-disability-services
#1
Jon Painter, Barry Ingham, Liam Trevithick, Richard P Hastings, Ashok Roy
There is increasing emphasis on needs-led service provision for people with intellectual disability (ID). This study outlines the statistical cluster analysis of clinical data from 1,692 individuals accessing secondary care ID services in the United Kingdom (U.K.) Using objective needs assessment data from a newly developed ID assessment tool, six clusters were identified. These had clinical face validity and were validated using six concurrently (but independently) rated tools. In keeping with previous studies, the clusters varied in terms of overall level of need as well as specific clinical features (autism spectrum disorder, mental health problems, challenging behaviors and physical health conditions)...
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198768/employment-income-and-ssi-effects-of-postsecondary-education-for-people-with-intellectual-disability
#2
Thomas Sannicandro, Susan L Parish, Steve Fournier, Monika Mitra, Maria Paiewonsky
The low employment rates of individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are a major concern. This study examined the effect of postsecondary education on employment atrnd earnings for individuals with ID and the effect of state variation on those outcomes. Rehabilitation Services Administration 911 (RSA-911) files for 2008-2013 were analyzed (n = 11,280 individuals with ID). Multilevel modeling techniques were used to understand state variation, such as various economic and programmatic features that influence outcomes...
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198767/systematic-review-of-interventions-involving-aided-aac-modeling-for-children-with-complex-communication-needs
#3
Elizabeth E Biggs, Erik W Carter, Carly B Gilson
Building the communicative competence of individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) requires intervention and support. This systematic review examined experimental studies involving aided AAC modeling to promote the expressive communication of children and youth (i.e., birth to age 21) with complex communication needs. A search yielded 48 studies involving 267 participants. Interventions were categorized according to three different approaches to aided AAC modeling-augmented input, models as prompts, and models within instructional demonstrations...
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198766/antenatal-hospitalization-among-u-s-women-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Monika Mitra, Susan L Parish, Karen M Clements, Jianying Zhang, Tiffany A Moore Simas
This population-based retrospective cohort study examines the prevalence of hospital utilization during pregnancy and the primary reason for antenatal hospital utilization among women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). Massachusetts residents with in-state deliveries that were ≥ 20 weeks gestational age were included via data from the 2002-2009 Massachusetts Pregnancy to Early Life Longitudinal Data System. Among women with IDD, 54.8% had at least one emergency department (ED) visit during pregnancy, compared to 23% of women without IDD...
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198765/evaluation-of-pediatrician-adherence-to-the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-health-supervision-guidelines-for-down-syndrome
#5
Meghan E O'Neill, Alexandra Ryan, Soyang Kwon, Helen J Binns
The American Academy of Pediatrics's guideline on health supervision for children with Down syndrome (DS) offers pediatricians guidance to improve detection of comorbid conditions. Pediatrician adherence has not yet been comprehensively evaluated. Medical records of 31 children with DS who received primary care at two urban academic clinic sites from 2008-2012 were reviewed. Data was extracted on adherence to age-specific individual guideline components for each subject by year-of-life (total 84 years-of-life)...
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198764/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198763/the-effects-of-a-text-centered-literacy-curriculum-for-students-with-intellectual-disability
#7
Jill H Allor, Diane B Gifford, Francesca G Jones, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Paul Yovanoff, Miriam B Ortiz, Jennifer P Cheatham
The purpose of this study was to examine the promise and feasibility of a newly developed curriculum to teach early literacy skills to students with intellectual disability (ID) and students with low IQs. The curriculum texts were written to include familiar settings, high frequency words, natural syntax, and cumulative practice. A single-case design was used with multiple baseline across levels of instruction and included eight participants who had IQs spanning from 40 to 63. The study was conducted across one academic year in two private schools for students with special needs...
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30198762/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949428/predictors-associated-with-paid-employment-status-of-community-and-technical-college-students-with-intellectual-disability
#9
Xueqin Qian, David R Johnson, Frank A Smith, Clare K Papay
The present study sought to identify predictors associated with paid employment outcomes for community and technical college students with intellectual disability (ID). Data used were collected from the Transition and Postsecondary Programs for Students With Intellectual Disabilities (TPSID) implemented in two community and technical colleges in the upper Midwest. The participants included 228 students with ID attending college who received supports based on the Check & Connect model. Results using logistic regression showed that students who only took inclusive classes, participated in campus events, had prior paid work experience, and participated in volunteering and/or community service were more likely to earn at or above minimum wage during their most recent year in the TPSID program...
July 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949427/using-medicaid-data-to-characterize-persons-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-in-five-u-s-states
#10
Suzanne McDermott, Julie Royer, Tara Cope, Scott Lindgren, Elizabeth Momany, Jae Chul Lee, Mary Joan McDuffie, Emily Lauer, Stephen Kurtz, Brian S Armour
This project sought to identify Medicaid members with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) in five states (Delaware, Iowa, Massachusetts, New York, and South Carolina) to develop a cohort for subsequent analyses of medical conditions and service utilization. We estimated that over 300,000 Medicaid members in these states had IDD. All members with diagnostic codes for IDD were identified and the three most frequent diagnoses were unspecified intellectual disability, autism or pervasive developmental disorder, and cerebral palsy...
July 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949426/r%C3%A3-sum%C3%A3-s-en-fran%C3%A3-ais
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949425/detecting-changes-in-support-needs-over-time
#12
Karrie A Shogren, James R Thompson, Leslie A Shaw, Elizabeth M Grandfield, Mayumi Hagiwara
Assessment of support needs has received significant attention in the disability field, however, little is known about the stability of support needs scores over time. Data from 82 adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) who were reassessed with the Supports Intensity Scale-Adult (SIS-A) version as well as the SIS-A Annual Review Protocol (SIS-A ARP) were analyzed. The findings suggest stability of SIS-A scores over a one- to three-year period in adults with IDD. Several sections of the SIS-A ARP showed discriminative power, particularly sections that asked if there had been changes in a subset of specific life activities assessed on the SIS-A and in medical and behavioral needs...
July 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949424/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-people-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-participating-in-a-mental-health-court
#13
Donald M Linhorst, Travis M Loux, P Ann Dirks-Linhorst, Sarah E Riley
This study compares characteristics and outcomes of 70 defendants with and 1,122 without intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) participating in a mental health court. Demographic and clinical characteristics differed, but criminal justice or program characteristics did not. Age, race, marital status, living situation, court location, health insurance status, and likelihood of mental illness or substance abuse diagnosis differed between the two groups. When controlling for other factors, a diagnosis of IDD did not affect the odds of negative termination from the court but did reduce the odds of rearrest within 1 year of leaving the court...
July 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949423/trends-in-the-educational-placement-of-students-with-intellectual-disability-in-the-united-states-over-the-past-40-years
#14
Matthew E Brock
In 1975, federal law mandated that children with disabilities be educated in their least restrictive environment, or alongside peers without disabilities in general education classrooms to the maximum extent appropriate. More than 40 years later, I investigated how national trends in educational placement have changed over time for students with intellectual disability. Specifically, I examined the degree placements have trended toward less restrictive environments. I found historical trends of incremental progress toward less restrictive settings, but no evidence of such progress in recent years...
July 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949422/inference-from-facial-expressions-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-down-syndrome
#15
Karen J Goldman, Cory Shulman, Jacob A Burack
The focus of this study was the ability of adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome to infer meaning from facial expressions in the absence of emotion labels and use this inference in order to adjust their behavior. Participants with Down syndrome ( N = 19, mean nonverbal mental age of 5.8 years) and 4- to 7-year-old typically developing children performed a novel task in which happy and angry faces were provided as feedback for a choice made by the participants. In making a subsequent choice, the participants with Down syndrome performed similarly to the 4 year olds, indicating a difficulty using angry faces as feedback...
July 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949421/res%C3%A3%C2%BAmenes-al-espa%C3%A3-ol
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671639/lifelong-parenting-of-adults-with-developmental-disabilities-growth-trends-over-20-years-in-midlife-and-later-life
#17
Eun Ha Namkung, Jan S Greenberg, Marsha R Mailick, Frank J Floyd
This research examined how parenting adults with developmental disabilities affects parental well-being beyond midlife and into old age. Parents of adults with developmental disabilities ( n = 249) and parents of adults without disabilities ( n = 9,016), studied in their early 50s and mid-60s, were longitudinally tracked into their early 70s. Compared to parents of adults without disabilities, parents of adults with disabilities showed a pattern of normative functioning in their 50s, followed by poorer well-being in their mid-60s, and further declines in health and well-being into the early 70s...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671638/gait-characteristics-of-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#18
Alyt Oppewal, Dederieke A M Festen, Thessa I M Hilgenkamp
Gait is a relevant and complex aspect of motor functioning. Disturbances are related to negative health outcomes. Gait characteristics of 31 adults with intellectual disability (ID) without Down syndrome (DS) (42.77±16.70 years) were investigated, and associations with age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and level of ID were assessed. Sex and BMI were significantly associated with some of the gait parameters, while age and level of ID were not. Gait characteristics of adults with ID seem to be comparable to those of the general population of older adults (average 20 years older), except that adults with ID seem to spend less time in stance and double support phase and walk more variable and with a broader base of support...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671637/reading-in-children-with-fragile-x-syndrome-phonological-awareness-and-feasibility-of-intervention
#19
Suzanne M Adlof, Jessica Klusek, Anne Hoffmann, Kerrie L Chitwood, Allison Brazendale, Karen Riley, Leonard J Abbeduto, Jane E Roberts
Individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS) present with significant deficits in reading skills, but scant research exists to understand the characteristics of the reading delays or best practices for reading instruction with this population. Study 1 examined the relationship between phonological awareness and reading skills in individuals with FXS. Study 2 evaluated the feasibility of a web-based reading intervention, which incorporated phonological awareness and phonics instruction but was originally developed for mainstream students, for children with FXS...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671636/behavioral-interventions-for-inappropriate-sexual-behavior-in-individuals-with-developmental-disabilities-and-acquired-brain-injury-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Casey J Clay, Sarah E Bloom, Joseph M Lambert
Inappropriate sexual behavior (ISB) is a common, but understudied, issue for individuals diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DD), intellectual disability (ID), and/or acquired brain injuries (ABI). We conducted a systematic review to identify, analyze, and synthesize published behavior-analytic approaches to intervention for ISB in DD, ID, or ABI populations. Twenty-three studies employing single-subject research methodology were identified and evaluated using quality indicators described by Horner et al...
May 2018: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
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