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Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663184/performance-based-measures-and-behavioral-ratings-of-executive-function-in-diagnosing-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children
#1
Alexander Tan, Lauren Delgaty, Kayla Steward, Melissa Bunner
Deficits in real-world executive functioning (EF) are a frequent characteristic of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, the predictive value of using performance-based and behavioral rating measures of EF when diagnosing ADHD remains unclear. The current study investigates the use of performance-based EF measures and a parent-report questionnaire with established ecological validity and clinical utility when diagnosing ADHD. Participants included 21 healthy controls, 21 ADHD-primary inattentive, and 21 ADHD-combined type subjects aged 6-15 years...
April 16, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594723/how-do-children-with-and-without-adhd-talk-about-frustration-use-of-a-novel-emotion-narrative-recall-task
#2
Nicholas D Fogleman, Kirsten D Leaberry, Paul J Rosen, Danielle M Walerius, Kelly Slaughter
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience difficulties related to emotional reactivity and regulation. The current study examines differences in the emotional reactivity and regulation of children with and without ADHD in the context of their real-life experiences of negative emotion using a novel ecologically valid methodology. Eighty-three 8-12-year-old children (46 ADHD, 38 non-ADHD) participated in the study. Children completed the negative emotion narrative recall task, a novel task whereby children provided a narrative recall of a real-life event where they experienced negative emotion...
March 28, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556956/hyperactivity-in-mice-lacking-one-allele-of-the-glutamic-acid-decarboxylase-67-gene
#3
Karen Müller Smith
GABAergic interneuron loss, maturational delay or imbalance of glutamatergic to GABAergic signaling has been implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders including Tourette syndrome and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In schizophrenia, decreases in parvalbumin (PV), somatostatin (Sst) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) RNA have been observed and seem to indicate a failure in maturation in PV and Sst neurons. In Tourette syndrome, which has a high level of comorbid ADHD, reduced numbers of parvalbumin expressing neurons have been observed in the basal ganglia of affected patients...
March 19, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492784/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-older-adults-with-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Mary V Solanto, Craig B Surman, Jose Ma J Alvir
Older adults with ADHD exhibit significant functional impairment, yet there is little research to guide clinicians in evidence-based care of these adults. This study examined response to treatment in older adults who participated in a previous study of the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) in adult ADHD. It was hypothesized that older adults would respond less well to CBT than younger adults, given the cognitive demands of the treatment. As described in the original publication, 88 adults who met DSM-IV criteria for ADHD were randomized to receive either a manualized 12-week CBT group intervention targeting executive dysfunction or a parallel Support group...
February 28, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831742/prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunctions-and-other-sexual-disorders-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-compared-to-the-general-population
#5
D Bijlenga, J A Vroege, A J M Stammen, M Breuk, A M Boonstra, K van der Rhee, J J S Kooij
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity that lead to dysfunctioning in daily life. One of the affected areas of life that has so far not been studied in ADHD is sexual functioning. The goal of this study was to assess prevalence of sexual dysfunctions and other sexual disorders among adults with ADHD. A total of n = 136 adult patients treated in a Dutch outpatient ADHD clinic filled out two questionnaires to screen for sexual dysfunctions and other sexual disorders...
March 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601956/subjective-distress-associated-with-adult-adhd-evaluation-of-a-new-self-report
#6
Rosetta Nicastro, Martin Desseilles, Paco Prada, Sébastien Weibel, Nader Perroud, Marianne Gex-Fabry
The current study aims at documenting the psychometric properties of the Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD-Self-Report (SDAAA-SR), a newly developed instrument for the assessment of psychological suffering in ADHD adults. The SDAAA-SR was administered to 247 students and 142 ADHD adults. Factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity were assessed. Sensitivity to change was examined in a subsample of 25 ADHD patients who participated in a 1-year therapy...
March 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493018/emerging-role-of-mirna-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Saurabh Srivastav, Susanne Walitza, Edna Grünblatt
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder whose aetiology still remains elusive. Nevertheless, evidence supports a high genetic contribution that interacts with environmental factors, also known to modulate epigenetic processes. These epigenetic modulators are a class of non-coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), known as post-transcriptional regulators, which have emerged as prospective players in neuropsychiatric disorders since they play a role in brain development, synapse formation, and the fine-tuning of genes underlying synaptic and memory formation...
March 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447335/positive-alcohol-expectancies-mediate-associations-between-adhd-behaviors-and-alcohol-related-problems-among-college-students
#8
Alexis Elmore, Molly Nikolas, Will Canu
An increasing percentage of college students report being affected by ADHD behaviors, and this population is at increased risk of experiencing negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption. However, specific factors motivating alcohol consumption and contributing to negative outcomes among these individuals are not well understood. Recent work suggests alcohol expectancies may interact with ADHD behaviors to influence negative drinking-related outcomes among those with elevated inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity...
March 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401487/perception-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
REVIEW
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Philippa Hüpen, Stefanie M De Vries, Morgana Müller, Francien M Kok, Janneke Koerts, Joost Heutink, Lara Tucha, Manfred Gerlach, Oliver Tucha
A large body of research demonstrated that individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from various neuropsychological deficits. In contrast, less is known and only divergent evidence exists on perceptual functions of individuals with ADHD. This is problematic as neuropsychological and perceptual functions are closely interrelated and are often difficult to disentangle in behavioral assessments. This study presents the conduct and results of a systematic literature review on perceptual functions in children and adults with ADHD...
March 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332146/physiological-substrates-of-executive-functioning-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Bailey A Munro, Lisa L Weyandt, Lily E Hall, Danielle R Oster, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Benjamin G Kuhar
Executive function (EF) is a multifaceted construct that has been defined as a set of higher-order cognitive processes that allow for flexibility, self-regulation, strategic planning, and goal-directed behaviors. EFs have been studied in numerous clinical disorders using a variety of neuropsychological tasks and, more recently, neuroimaging techniques. The underlying physiological substrates of EF were historically attributed to the frontal lobes; however, recent studies suggest more widespread involvement of additional brain regions...
March 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446032/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-joint-hypermobility-related-disorders-and-pain-expanding-body-mind-connections-to-the-developmental-age
#11
REVIEW
Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Lorenzo Sinibaldi, Marco Castori
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and generalized joint hypermobility (JH) are two separated conditions, assessed, and managed by different specialists without overlapping interests. Recently, some researchers highlighted an unexpected association between these two clinical entities. This happens in a scenario of increasing awareness on the protean detrimental effects that congenital anomalies of the connective tissue may have on human health and development. To review pertinent literature to identify possible connections between ADHD and GJH, special emphasis was put on musculoskeletal pain and syndromic presentations of GJH, particularly the hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome...
February 14, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427262/factor-structure-and-clinical-correlates-of-the-61-item-wender-utah-rating-scale-wurs
#12
Matthew Calamia, Benjamin D Hill, Mandi W Musso, Russell D Pella, Wm Drew Gouvier
The objective of this study was to assess the factor structure and clinical correlates of a 61-item version of the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS), a self-report retrospective measure of childhood problems, experiences, and behavior used in ADHD assessment. Given the currently mostly widely used form of the WURS was derived via a criterion-keyed approach, the study aimed to use latent variable modeling of the 61-item WURS to potentially identify more and more homogeneous set of items reflecting current conceptualizations of ADHD symptoms...
February 9, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330700/relation-between-internalizing-behaviors-externalizing-behaviors-and-peer-victimization-among-children-with-and-without-adhd
#13
Nicholas D Fogleman, Kirsten D Leaberry, Paul J Rosen, Danielle M Walerius, Kelly E Slaughter
The current study explored the concurrent and longitudinal association between internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, and peer victimization among children with and without ADHD. Eighty children (42 ADHD, 38 non-ADHD) ages 8-12 participated in the present study conducted over a 6-month period. During the baseline session, parents completed a structured diagnostic interview and the Vanderbilt ADHD Parent Rating Scale to determine whether their child met criteria for ADHD, and the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) to assess their child's internalizing and externalizing behaviors; children completed the Perception of Peer Support Scale (PPSS) to assess experiences of peer victimization...
January 12, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299870/adhd-in-acute-care-psychiatric-inpatients
#14
Katherine L Lines, Joseph Sadek
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurocognitive disorder characterized by symptoms of inattention, impulsivity and motor hyperactivity. The worldwide prevalence of ADHD, in the general adult population, has been estimated to be 2.8%. Patients with ADHD have a high incidence of comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders. Those with a psychiatric disorder as well as ADHD have more psychosocial difficulties than those without ADHD. Despite knowing that ADHD is often comorbid with other psychiatric diagnoses, there are currently no studies elucidating the prevalence of ADHD in the inpatient psychiatric population, nor is there significant information about its impact...
January 3, 2018: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29270893/correction-to-is-emotion-recognition-the-only-problem-in-adhd-effects-of-pharmacotherapy-on-face-and-emotion-recognition-in-children-with-adhd
#15
Esra Demirci, Ayten Erdogan
The author would like to correct the error in the publication of the original article. The corrected details are given below for your reading.
December 21, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222741/exploratory-study-of-barriers-to-successful-office-contacts-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
Jayde T Hooven, Benjamin N Fogel, James G Waxmonsky, Deepa L Sekhar
The American Academy of Pediatrics published attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) guidelines, but significant variability exists in care. This exploratory study aimed to understand barriers to compliance with primary care office contacts for ADHD medication management. The study was conducted at a single academic medical center via retrospective chart review between 6/1/15 and 5/31/16 in combination with telephone interviews. Participants included 306 children 6-12 years old with an ADHD-related ICD-9/ICD-10 diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374193/relationship-of-self-mutilative-behaviour-with-history-of-childhood-trauma-and-adult-adhd-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-inpatients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#17
Cuneyt Evren, Gokhan Umut, Bilge Evren
The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of self-mutilative behaviour (SMB) with the severity of childhood trauma and adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Participants included 188 inpatients with AUD. Participants were evaluated with the Self-mutilative Behaviour Questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and the Adult ADD/ADHD DSM-IV Based Diagnostic Screening and Rating Scale (Adult ADHD Scale)...
December 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260152/the-risk-of-misdiagnosing-posture-weakness-as-hyperactivity-in-adhd-a-case-study
#18
Carsten Vogt
Difficulties in sustaining posture can present with features associated with hyperactive behaviour listed in DSM-5 and ICD-10 classifications for ADHD. Information from a system measuring motor activity during a neurocognitive test (QbTest), occupational therapist reports and Conners rating scales are compared between cases with and without posture problems. Weakness in sustaining posture results in elevated activity measures during infrared motion analysis. Strong posture on the other hand appears to mitigate activity levels...
December 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168110/symptom-covariance-accounts-for-behavioral-approach-associations-across-impulse-control-disorders
#19
Brianne A Brooker, Dragana Ostojic, Carlin J Miller
Behavioral approach system (BAS) dysfunction has been identified as a correlate of and a potential mechanism for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid disorders. This study examined the role of symptom covariation in the relations among BAS dysfunction, ADHD symptoms, and comorbid impulsive personality disorder features. Undergraduates (N = 207) completed measures of BAS functioning, ADHD symptoms, and borderline and antisocial personality disorder symptoms, and associated features (i...
November 22, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124553/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Colette Gramszlo, Nicholas D Fogleman, Paul J Rosen, Janet Woodruff-Borden
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has often been studied in the context of internalizing disorders, but no studies to our knowledge have explored the relation between IU and externalizing disorders. Given the proposed link between IU and emotion regulation, the current study sought to examine levels of IU in an externalizing clinical population with known emotion regulation difficulties-attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). IU levels in this population were compared to a clinical population known to experience elevated levels of IU...
November 9, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
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