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Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601956/subjective-distress-associated-with-adult-adhd-evaluation-of-a-new-self-report
#1
Rosetta Nicastro, Martin Desseilles, Paco Prada, Sébastien Weibel, Nader Perroud, Marianne Gex-Fabry
The current study aims at documenting the psychometric properties of the Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD-Self-Report (SDAAA-SR), a newly developed instrument for the assessment of psychological suffering in ADHD adults. The SDAAA-SR was administered to 247 students and 142 ADHD adults. Factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity were assessed. Sensitivity to change was examined in a subsample of 25 ADHD patients who participated in a 1-year therapy...
June 10, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493018/emerging-role-of-mirna-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Saurabh Srivastav, Susanne Walitza, Edna Grünblatt
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder whose aetiology still remains elusive. Nevertheless, evidence supports a high genetic contribution that interacts with environmental factors, also known to modulate epigenetic processes. These epigenetic modulators are a class of non-coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), known as post-transcriptional regulators, which have emerged as prospective players in neuropsychiatric disorders since they play a role in brain development, synapse formation, and the fine-tuning of genes underlying synaptic and memory formation...
May 10, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477289/predictors-of-relapse-or-maintenance-of-response-in-pediatric-and-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-following-discontinuation-of-long-term-treatment-with-atomoxetine
#3
Johannes Thome, Ralf W Dittmann, Laurence L Greenhill, Sarah Lipsius, Yoko Tanaka, Chris Bushe, Rodrigo Escobar, Alexandra N Heinloth, Himanshu Upadhyaya
We identified relapse/maintenance-of-response (MOR) predictors following discontinuation of long-term atomoxetine treatment in pediatric and adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and assessed correlations between ADHD symptoms and quality of life (QoL). Post hoc analyses of data from two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 withdrawal studies in patients with ADHD meeting predefined response criteria before randomization. Study 1: patients (N = 163; 6-15 years) received atomoxetine (1...
May 5, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447335/positive-alcohol-expectancies-mediate-associations-between-adhd-behaviors-and-alcohol-related-problems-among-college-students
#4
Alexis Elmore, Molly Nikolas, Will Canu
An increasing percentage of college students report being affected by ADHD behaviors, and this population is at increased risk of experiencing negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption. However, specific factors motivating alcohol consumption and contributing to negative outcomes among these individuals are not well understood. Recent work suggests alcohol expectancies may interact with ADHD behaviors to influence negative drinking-related outcomes among those with elevated inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity...
April 26, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401487/perception-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Philippa Hüpen, Stefanie M De Vries, Morgana Müller, Francien M Kok, Janneke Koerts, Joost Heutink, Lara Tucha, Manfred Gerlach, Oliver Tucha
A large body of research demonstrated that individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from various neuropsychological deficits. In contrast, less is known and only divergent evidence exists on perceptual functions of individuals with ADHD. This is problematic as neuropsychological and perceptual functions are closely interrelated and are often difficult to disentangle in behavioral assessments. This study presents the conduct and results of a systematic literature review on perceptual functions in children and adults with ADHD...
April 11, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378132/relationship-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-sedentary-behavior-in-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Vivien Suchert, Anya Pedersen, Reiner Hanewinkel, Barbara Isensee
Existing studies reveal that high levels of sedentary behavior are associated with more inattention and hyperactivity problems. Since most previous studies used screen time as an indicator of sedentary behavior and assessed symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by short screening measures which do not allow to distinguish between subtypes of ADHD, the current study aimed to investigate association between different types of sedentary behavior and symptoms and subtypes of ADHD. The current cross-sectional study analyzed data of 913 students (46...
April 4, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374193/relationship-of-self-mutilative-behaviour-with-history-of-childhood-trauma-and-adult-adhd-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-inpatients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#7
Cuneyt Evren, Gokhan Umut, Bilge Evren
The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of self-mutilative behaviour (SMB) with the severity of childhood trauma and adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Participants included 188 inpatients with AUD. Participants were evaluated with the Self-mutilative Behaviour Questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and the Adult ADD/ADHD DSM-IV Based Diagnostic Screening and Rating Scale (Adult ADHD Scale)...
April 3, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523492/supporting-patients-with-adhd-missed-opportunities
#8
EDITORIAL
Oliver Tucha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614892/the-use-of-compensatory-strategies-in-adults-with-adhd-symptoms
#9
Kate Kysow, Joanne Park, Charlotte Johnston
This study examined the use of compensatory strategies reported by adults with ADHD symptoms and their relation to measures of functioning. Forty-nine adults (55.1 % female) completed a structured diagnostic interview to assess ADHD, and responses were coded for compensatory strategies: Adaptation, Paying Attention, Organization, External Support, and Avoidance. The majority of adults with ADHD symptoms reported using compensatory strategies, and their reported strategy use in childhood was related to their use in adulthood...
June 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374194/6th-world-congress-on-adhd-from-child-to-adult-disorder
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332146/physiological-substrates-of-executive-functioning-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Bailey A Munro, Lisa L Weyandt, Lily E Hall, Danielle R Oster, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Benjamin G Kuhar
Executive function (EF) is a multifaceted construct that has been defined as a set of higher-order cognitive processes that allow for flexibility, self-regulation, strategic planning, and goal-directed behaviors. EFs have been studied in numerous clinical disorders using a variety of neuropsychological tasks and, more recently, neuroimaging techniques. The underlying physiological substrates of EF were historically attributed to the frontal lobes; however, recent studies suggest more widespread involvement of additional brain regions...
March 22, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293899/effects-of-atomoxetine-on-attention-in-wistar-rats-treated-with-the-neurotoxin-n-2-chloroethyl-n-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine-dsp4
#12
Joachim Hauser, Andreas Reissmann, Thomas-A Sontag, Oliver Tucha, Klaus W Lange
The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of the neurotoxin N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP4), which allows a depletion of noradrenergic terminals in a dose-dependent manner, on attention in rats as measured using the five-choice serial-reaction time task (5CSRTT). In addition, we investigated whether the effects of DSP4 treatment can be reversed by atomoxetine. Atomoxetine is a selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor and has been shown to be effective in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder...
March 14, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260152/the-risk-of-misdiagnosing-posture-weakness-as-hyperactivity-in-adhd-a-case-study
#13
Carsten Vogt
Difficulties in sustaining posture can present with features associated with hyperactive behaviour listed in DSM-5 and ICD-10 classifications for ADHD. Information from a system measuring motor activity during a neurocognitive test (QbTest), occupational therapist reports and Conners rating scales are compared between cases with and without posture problems. Weakness in sustaining posture results in elevated activity measures during infrared motion analysis. Strong posture on the other hand appears to mitigate activity levels...
March 4, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168407/what-are-the-benefits-of-methylphenidate-as-a-treatment-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
EDITORIAL
Manfred Gerlach, Tobias Banaschewski, David Coghill, Luis A Rohde, Marcel Romanos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005216/is-there-a-difference-between-child-self-ratings-and-parent-proxy-ratings-of-the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-a-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Helen Galloway, Emily Newman
There are contemporary indicators that parent proxy-ratings and child self-ratings of a child's quality of life (QoL) are not interchangeable. This review examines dual informant studies to assess parent-child agreement on the QoL of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. A systematic search of four major databases (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases) was completed, and related peer-reviewed journals were hand-searched. Studies which reported quantitative QoL ratings for matched parent and child dyads were screened in accordance with relevant inclusion and exclusion criteria...
March 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866355/the-descriptive-epidemiology-of-dsm-iv-adult-adhd-in-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#16
John Fayyad, Nancy A Sampson, Irving Hwang, Tomasz Adamowski, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Laura H S G Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Giovanni de Girolamo, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Siobhan O'Neill, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Miguel Xavier, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
We previously reported on the cross-national epidemiology of ADHD from the first 10 countries in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. The current report expands those previous findings to the 20 nationally or regionally representative WMH surveys that have now collected data on adult ADHD. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was administered to 26,744 respondents in these surveys in high-, upper-middle-, and low-/lower-middle-income countries (68.5% mean response rate). Current DSM-IV/CIDI adult ADHD prevalence averaged 2...
March 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734284/do-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-quality-of-life-aaqol-scale-and-the-sf-36-scale-measure-the-same-construct-of-health-related-quality-of-life
#17
Roghaye Zare, Peyman Jafari, Ahmad Ghanizadeh
It has never been investigated whether the assessment tools of Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Quality-of-Life (AAQoL) scale and the SF-36 measure the same construct. The participants were 101 parents of children with ADHD and 243 parents of school children. The parents completed both the Persian version of the AAQoL and the SF-36 questionnaires. The present study revealed that the Persian version of both AAQoL and SF-36 for the assessment of HRQoL in parents of children with ADHD has convergent and discriminant validity and internal consistency...
March 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515452/the-role-of-sleep-quality-and-quantity-in-moderating-the-effectiveness-of-medication-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-adhd
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jessica Morash-Conway, Melissa Gendron, Penny Corkum
The current study examined: (1) whether long-acting stimulant medication is effective in improving performance on measures of memory, attention, and academic productivity; and (2) whether sleep impacts the relationship between medication and performance. Participants were 21 newly diagnosed, medication-naïve children (mean age = 9.1 years) with ADHD, who participated in a 4-week blinded placebo-controlled randomized trial of long-acting MPH. Participants underwent assessments of sleep (i.e., polysomnography) and of cognitive performance...
March 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497734/attention-reward-and-inhibition-symptomatic-features-of-adhd-and-issues-for-offenders-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#19
REVIEW
Colleen M Berryessa
Although the relationship between criminal activity and ADHD has been heavily studied, this paper reviews a largely neglected area of academic discourse: how symptoms of ADHD that often contribute to offending behavior may also potentially create further problems for offenders with ADHD after they come into contact with the criminal justice system and pilot their way through the legal process. The main symptoms of ADHD that are primarily connected to criminal offending are examined and contextualized with respect to diagnosed offenders' experiences with the justice system...
March 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238028/prepotent-response-inhibition-and-reaction-times-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-from-a-caribbean-community
#20
Giomar Jiménez-Figueroa, Carlos Ardila-Duarte, David A Pineda, Johan E Acosta-López, Martha L Cervantes-Henríquez, Wilmar Pineda-Alhucema, Jeimys Cervantes-Gutiérrez, Marisol Quintero-Ibarra, Manuel Sánchez-Rojas, Jorge I Vélez, Pedro J Puentes-Rozo
Impairment in inhibitory control has been postulated as an underlying hallmark of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can be utilized as a quantitative trait for genetic studies. Here, we evaluate whether inhibitory control, measured by simple automatized prepotent response (PR) inhibition variables, is a robust discriminant function for the diagnosis of ADHD in children and can be used as an endophenotype for future genetic studies. One hundred fifty-two school children (30.9% female, 67...
February 25, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
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