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Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097536/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-in-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder-in-nigeria
#1
Musa U Umar, Auwal S Salihu, Shakirat D Owolabi
Substance use disorder (SUD) is associated with ADHD. ADHD increases the severity of SUD and has negative influence on the prognosis of the disorder. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of ADHD in individuals with SUD. During 2013-2015, a cross-sectional descriptive study of 233 drug treatment-seeking individuals was assessed. Diagnosis of ADHD was done using DSM-IV criteria with the Diagnostic Interview for ADHD in Adults (DIVA 2.0), while Semi-structured Assessment for Drug Dependence and Alcoholism (SSADDA 6...
January 17, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064405/a-systematic-review-of-circadian-function-chronotype-and-chronotherapy-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
REVIEW
Andrew N Coogan, Niall M McGowan
Reports of sleep disturbances in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are common in both children and adults; however, the aetiology of such disturbances is poorly understood. One potentially important mechanism which may be implicated in disrupted sleep in ADHD is the circadian CLOCK, a known key regulator of the sleep/wake cycle. In this systematic review, we analyse the evidence for circadian rhythm changes associated with ADHD, as well as assessing evidence for therapeutic approaches involving the circadian CLOCK in ADHD...
January 7, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058589/assessment-of-effects-of-atomoxetine-in-adult-patients-with-adhd-consistency-among-three-geographic-regions-in-a-response-maintenance-study
#3
Yoko Tanaka, Rodrigo Escobar, Himanshu P Upadhyaya
A previous study (Upadhyaya et al. in Eur J Psychiatry 2013b; 27:185-205) reported that adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrated maintenance of response for up to 25 weeks after initially responding to atomoxetine treatment. In the present report, the consistency of treatment effect across three geographic regions (Europe, United States/Canada [US/Can], and Latin America [Latin Am]) was explored. Data were analyzed from a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, maintenance-of-response (randomized withdrawal) trial of atomoxetine versus placebo in adults with ADHD...
January 6, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039669/the-development-of-the-sgi-16-a-shortened-sensory-gating-deficit-and-distractibility-questionnaire-for-adults-with-adhd
#4
Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Régis Lopez, Pierre Michel, Laura Brandejsky, Stéphanie Bioulac, Pierre Philip, Christophe Lancon, Laurent Boyer
The Sensory Gating Inventory (SGI) is a questionnaire composed of 36 items designed to investigate abnormal perception related to the inability to control sensitivity to sensory stimuli frequently reported in adult with ADHD. This questionnaire can be considered too lengthy to be taken by people with ADHD, and a shortened version is needed. One hundred and sixty-three adults with ADHD responded to the SGI-36. An item reduction process took into account both the results of statistical analyses and the expertise of a steering committee...
December 30, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013402/psychometric-properties-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-weiss-functional-impairment-rating-scale-self-report
#5
Toshinobu Takeda, Yui Tsuji, Junichiro Kanazawa, Takanobu Sakai, Margaret D Weiss
The Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale Self-Report has been translated into nine languages and has been widely used in assessing functional impairment of adults with ADHD. This study is a psychometric validation of the WFIRS-S in Japanese. The WFIRS-S-J and other questionnaires were administered to 46 adults with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 104 control adults, and 889 university students. ADHD diagnoses were made using the Japanese semi-structured diagnostic interview for adult ADHD, which is compatible with the DSM-5...
December 24, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012033/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Alexandra Philipsen, Alexandra P Lam, Sigrid Breit, Caroline Lücke, Helge H Müller, Swantje Matthies
The main purpose of this study was to examine whether adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrate sets of dysfunctional cognitive beliefs and behavioural tendencies according to Jeffrey Young's schema-focused therapy model. Sets of dysfunctional beliefs (maladaptive schemas) were assessed with the Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S2) in 78 adult ADHD patients and 80 control subjects. Patients with ADHD scored significantly higher than the control group on almost all maladaptive schemas...
December 23, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005216/is-there-a-difference-between-child-self-ratings-and-parent-proxy-ratings-of-the-quality-of-life-of-children-with-a-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Helen Galloway, Emily Newman
There are contemporary indicators that parent proxy-ratings and child self-ratings of a child's quality of life (QoL) are not interchangeable. This review examines dual informant studies to assess parent-child agreement on the QoL of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. A systematic search of four major databases (PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane databases) was completed, and related peer-reviewed journals were hand-searched. Studies which reported quantitative QoL ratings for matched parent and child dyads were screened in accordance with relevant inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 22, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866355/the-descriptive-epidemiology-of-dsm-iv-adult-adhd-in-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#8
John Fayyad, Nancy A Sampson, Irving Hwang, Tomasz Adamowski, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Laura H S G Andrade, Guilherme Borges, Giovanni de Girolamo, Silvia Florescu, Oye Gureje, Josep Maria Haro, Chiyi Hu, Elie G Karam, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Siobhan O'Neill, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Miguel Xavier, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
We previously reported on the cross-national epidemiology of ADHD from the first 10 countries in the WHO World Mental Health (WMH) Surveys. The current report expands those previous findings to the 20 nationally or regionally representative WMH surveys that have now collected data on adult ADHD. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) was administered to 26,744 respondents in these surveys in high-, upper-middle-, and low-/lower-middle-income countries (68.5% mean response rate). Current DSM-IV/CIDI adult ADHD prevalence averaged 2...
November 19, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804023/pre-service-teachers-perceptions-of-sluggish-cognitive-tempo
#9
Rachel E Meisinger, Elizabeth K Lefler
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) is characterized by a passive form of inattention that may not overtly disrupt classroom goals. Due to the nature of these symptoms, children with SCT may be "falling through the cracks" in schools. The current study examined pre-service teachers' perceptions of SCT in the classroom. Undergraduate education majors (n = 161) read vignettes describing fictitious fourth-grade boys presenting with symptoms of SCT, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or a non-ADHD-related control: social anxiety disorder (SA), and rated each of the vignettes in terms of their perceptions of the boy described...
November 1, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830480/in-memoriam-paul-h-wender
#10
Michael Rösler, Thomas Gift, Barrie Marchant, Frederick Reimherr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27510231/retrospective-assessment-of-childhood-adhd-symptoms-for-diagnosis-in-adults-validity-of-a-short-8-item-version-of-the-wender-utah-rating-scale
#11
Debjani Das, Jorge I Vélez, Maria T Acosta, Maximilian Muenke, Mauricio Arcos-Burgos, Simon Easteal
The Wender-Utah Rating Scale (WURS) is a widely used self-report instrument for retrospective assessment of childhood ADHD. However, many WURS items are not specific to ADHD. Here, we investigated the effect of excluding these items on the performance of the WURS in predicting adult ADHD based on previous diagnosis and current clinically significant symptoms. The study was conducted on a sample of adults (n = 1014; 48 % male) participating in a family-based investigation of ADHD. Participants completed the 61-item WURS questionnaire and the 66-item Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale...
December 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473346/is-emotion-recognition-the-only-problem-in-adhd-effects-of-pharmacotherapy-on-face-and-emotion-recognition-in-children-with-adhd
#12
Esra Demirci, Ayten Erdogan
The objectives of this study were to evaluate both face and emotion recognition, to detect differences among attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) subgroups, to identify effects of the gender and to assess the effects of methylphenidate and atomoxetine treatment on both face and emotion recognition in patients with ADHD. The study sample consisted of 41 male, 29 female patients, 8-15 years of age, who were diagnosed as having combined type ADHD (N = 26), hyperactive/impulsive type ADHD (N = 21) or inattentive type ADHD (N = 23) but had not previously used any medication for ADHD and 35 male, 25 female healthy individuals...
December 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329539/sex-differences-in-claimed-and-behavioral-self-handicapping-and-adhd-symptomatology-in-emerging-adults
#13
Maryanne Jaconis, Stephen J Boyd, Cynthia M Hartung, Sean M McCrea, Elizabeth K Lefler, Will H Canu
Although the research is clear that boys with ADHD have higher symptomatology and impairment than girls with ADHD, for adults the research is mixed. Some studies suggest no sex differences, whereas others suggest that women might have higher symptomatology and impairment. The present study examined sex differences in ADHD symptomatology and impairment, and the possible role of claimed and behavioral self-handicapping as an explanation for any differences. Claimed self-handicapping (CSH) involves reports of performance-inhibiting conditions, whereas behavioral self-handicapping (BSH) involves reporting more objective, intentional acts that could undermine performance...
December 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27299358/emotional-dysregulation-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
REVIEW
Judy van Stralen
Emotional dysregulation is increasingly recognized as a core feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The purpose of the present systematic literature review was to identify published data related to the neuropsychology of emotional dysregulation in children with ADHD. The literature obtained is discussed in the contexts of deficits in emotional control, impairments in executive function, the emotional components of comorbidities, neurophysiological and autonomic correlates of emotional dysregulation, and the significance of multiple neuropsychological pathways of ADHD on emotional dysregulation...
December 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27108417/insecure-maternal-attachment-is-associated-with-depression-in-adhd-children
#15
F López Seco, P Mundo-Cid, J Aguado-Gracia, A M Gaviria-Gómez, S Acosta-García, S Martí-Serrano, E Vilella, A Masana-Marín
The objective of this study was to analyze the possible association between maternal attachment style and comorbidity associated with childhood ADHD. We evaluated a total of 103 children with ADHD treated at a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Centre and their mothers. Comorbidity was evaluated using the MINI-KID interview. Maternal attachment was evaluated using the Adult Attachment Questionnaire. We considered child variables that could be associated with the clinical course of ADHD, such as symptom severity, age, gender, evolution time, academic level, and current pharmacological treatment; parental variables, such as the mother's psychiatric history, current psychopathology, marital status, academic level, income, and employment, were also considered...
December 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734284/do-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-quality-of-life-aaqol-scale-and-the-sf-36-scale-measure-the-same-construct-of-health-related-quality-of-life
#16
Roghaye Zare, Peyman Jafari, Ahmad Ghanizadeh
It has never been investigated whether the assessment tools of Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Quality-of-Life (AAQoL) scale and the SF-36 measure the same construct. The participants were 101 parents of children with ADHD and 243 parents of school children. The parents completed both the Persian version of the AAQoL and the SF-36 questionnaires. The present study revealed that the Persian version of both AAQoL and SF-36 for the assessment of HRQoL in parents of children with ADHD has convergent and discriminant validity and internal consistency...
October 12, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614892/the-use-of-compensatory-strategies-in-adults-with-adhd-symptoms
#17
Kate Kysow, Joanne Park, Charlotte Johnston
This study examined the use of compensatory strategies reported by adults with ADHD symptoms and their relation to measures of functioning. Forty-nine adults (55.1 % female) completed a structured diagnostic interview to assess ADHD, and responses were coded for compensatory strategies: Adaptation, Paying Attention, Organization, External Support, and Avoidance. The majority of adults with ADHD symptoms reported using compensatory strategies, and their reported strategy use in childhood was related to their use in adulthood...
September 10, 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143026/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-off-label-atypical-antipsychotic-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-who-have-failed-stimulant-therapy
#18
Minji Sohn, Jeffery Talbert, Daniela C Moga, Karen Blumenschein
The objectives of this study are: (1) to estimate the expected health outcomes of atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) and other non-stimulant attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications and (2) to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of AAPs compared to other non-stimulant ADHD medications. We used decision analysis to compare three alternatives for treating children and adolescents with ADHD who failed initial stimulant treatment: (1) AAPs, (2) a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (atomoxetine), and (3) selective α2-adrenergic agonists (clonidine and guanfacine)...
September 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27059489/skills-training-groups-for-men-with-adhd-in-compulsory-care-due-to-substance-use-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#19
B Bihlar Muld, J Jokinen, S Bölte, T Hirvikoski
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)-based skills training has been developed and previously evaluated for adults with ADHD in a psychiatric outpatient context. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of DBT-based skills training as a voluntary intervention for men with ADHD in compulsory care due to severe substance abuse. Forty sufficiently detoxified men with ADHD in compulsory care due to life-threatening substance use disorder (SUD) were included in DBT-based skills training groups. Self- and staff-rating scales were administered before and after the treatment...
September 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27056071/factors-predicting-treatment-adherence-in-patients-with-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-preliminary-study
#20
Bengi Semerci, Sarper Taskıran, Evren Tufan, Işın Şanlı
This study aimed to elicit patient- and treatment-related factors that can potentially predict treatment adherence in adult ADHD. Subjects who were over 18 and received a diagnosis of ADHD were included in the study. Chart review data of 102 subjects regarding demographics, medications, comorbidities, concomitant medications and domains of functional impairment were collected, and predictors were assessed using a binominal logistical regression model. One hundred and two patients (78.4 % male) with a mean age of 28...
September 2016: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
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