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Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124553/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
Colette Gramszlo, Nicholas D Fogleman, Paul J Rosen, Janet Woodruff-Borden
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has often been studied in the context of internalizing disorders, but no studies to our knowledge have explored the relation between IU and externalizing disorders. Given the proposed link between IU and emotion regulation, the current study sought to examine levels of IU in an externalizing clinical population with known emotion regulation difficulties-attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). IU levels in this population were compared to a clinical population known to experience elevated levels of IU...
November 9, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103196/stimulant-rapid-metabolizers-wrong-label-real-phenomena
#2
Margaret D Weiss, Craig B H Surman, Dean Elbe
This is a review of the empirical literature regarding what has been described anecdotally as patients who are 'rapid metabolizers' of stimulant medication. The authors propose that this is a misnomer used to describe two types of atypical pharmacokinetic patterns of response: high-dose responders, short-duration responders and two types of atypical pharmacodynamics patterns of response: patients who develop either acute or chronic tolerance. The authors propose that use of more precise terminology should facilitate both patient education and research to better understand the physiology and clinical management of atypical response patterns to stimulant treatment...
November 4, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081022/adhd-symptoms-in-healthy-adults-are-associated-with-stressful-life-events-and-negative-memory-bias
#3
Janna N Vrijsen, Indira Tendolkar, Marten Onnink, Martine Hoogman, Aart H Schene, Guillén Fernández, Iris van Oostrom, Barbara Franke
Stressful life events, especially Childhood Trauma, predict ADHD symptoms. Childhood Trauma and negatively biased memory are risk factors for affective disorders. The association of life events and bias with ADHD symptoms may inform about the etiology of ADHD. Memory bias was tested using a computer task in N = 675 healthy adults. Life events and ADHD symptoms were assessed using questionnaires. The mediation of the association between life events and ADHD symptoms by memory bias was examined. We explored the roles of different types of life events and of ADHD symptom clusters...
October 28, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975530/a-case-series-on-the-potential-effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-24-h-heart-rate-variability-and-its-circadian-variation-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Reiner Buchhorn, Julian Koenig, Marc N Jarczok, Hanna Eichholz, Christian Willaschek, Julian F Thayer, Michael Kaess
Attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity (ADHD) in children is associated with decreased 24-h heart rate variability (HRV). Previous research has shown that supplementation of omega-3-fatty acid increases HRV. Here, we aimed to investigate whether the supplementation of omega-3-fatty acids would increase 24-h HRV in an uncontrolled case series of children with ADHD. HRV was recorded in 18 children and adolescents (age 13.35 ± 2.8 years) before and after omega-3 supplementation. Preliminary results indicate that omega-3 supplementation in children with AD(H)D may reduce mean heart rate and increase its variability...
October 3, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905267/the-zappel-philipp-a-historical-example-of-adhd-clinics
#5
Michel Bader, Rosemary Tannock, Nouchine Hadjikhani
In his book "Die Geschichte von dem Zappel-Philipp," the German psychiatrist Heinrich Hoffmann (1809-1894) offers a clinical vignette which raises the question of the description of a disobedient child or presenting hyperactivity symptoms. This article describes the historical context and the biographical aspects related to this interesting approach to describing a psychiatric syndrome to children and adults. It also underlines the importance of a global approach of ADHD that considers the familial environment and situational context of symptoms...
September 13, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875432/a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-association-between-cortisol-reactivity-in-response-to-a-stressor-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#6
Jaclyn M Kamradt, Allison M Momany, Molly A Nikolas
A substantial literature suggests that abnormal cortisol reactivity may be a vulnerability for deleterious mental health outcomes, including ADHD. ADHD has been linked with difficulty in emotion regulation and increased risk of experiencing stressors, both of which may be related to psychobiological abnormalities (e.g., abnormal cortisol reactivity). Research has been mixed regarding the association between cortisol reactivity and ADHD. Therefore, the present meta-analytic review (k = 12) sought to quantify this association and review the relevant methodological issues and theoretical implications of this area of research...
September 5, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836147/reduced-emotional-empathy-in-adults-with-subclinical-adhd-evidence-from-the-empathy-and-systemizing-quotient
#7
Y Groen, A E den Heijer, A B M Fuermaier, M Althaus, O Tucha
Studies in children with ADHD suggest impairments in social cognitive functions, whereas studies in adults with ADHD are scarce and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between ADHD traits and self-reported social cognitive style in a sample of adults from the general population. For this purpose, a community sample of 685 adults filled out online self-report questionnaires about ADHD symptoms (ADHD Rating Scale, ARS), social cognitive functioning and friendships. The Empathy Quotient (EQ) with the subscales Cognitive Empathy (CE), Emotional Empathy (EE) and Social Skills (SS), and the Systemizing Quotient (SQ) were included for measuring social cognitive style and the Friendship Questionnaire (FQ) for the quality of friendships...
August 23, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831742/prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunctions-and-other-sexual-disorders-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-compared-to-the-general-population
#8
D Bijlenga, J A Vroege, A J M Stammen, M Breuk, A M Boonstra, K van der Rhee, J J S Kooij
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity that lead to dysfunctioning in daily life. One of the affected areas of life that has so far not been studied in ADHD is sexual functioning. The goal of this study was to assess prevalence of sexual dysfunctions and other sexual disorders among adults with ADHD. A total of n = 136 adult patients treated in a Dutch outpatient ADHD clinic filled out two questionnaires to screen for sexual dysfunctions and other sexual disorders...
August 22, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712042/erratum-to-effects-of-atomoxetine-on-attention-in-wistar-rats-treated-with-the-neurotoxin-n-2-chloroethyl-n-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine-dsp4
#9
Joachim Hauser, Andreas Reissmann, Thomas-A Sontag, Oliver Tucha, Klaus W Lange
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601956/subjective-distress-associated-with-adult-adhd-evaluation-of-a-new-self-report
#10
Rosetta Nicastro, Martin Desseilles, Paco Prada, Sébastien Weibel, Nader Perroud, Marianne Gex-Fabry
The current study aims at documenting the psychometric properties of the Subjective Distress Associated with Adult ADHD-Self-Report (SDAAA-SR), a newly developed instrument for the assessment of psychological suffering in ADHD adults. The SDAAA-SR was administered to 247 students and 142 ADHD adults. Factor structure, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity were assessed. Sensitivity to change was examined in a subsample of 25 ADHD patients who participated in a 1-year therapy...
June 10, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523492/supporting-patients-with-adhd-missed-opportunities
#11
EDITORIAL
Oliver Tucha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012033/early-maladaptive-schemas-in-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
Alexandra Philipsen, Alexandra P Lam, Sigrid Breit, Caroline Lücke, Helge H Müller, Swantje Matthies
The main purpose of this study was to examine whether adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrate sets of dysfunctional cognitive beliefs and behavioural tendencies according to Jeffrey Young's schema-focused therapy model. Sets of dysfunctional beliefs (maladaptive schemas) were assessed with the Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-S2) in 78 adult ADHD patients and 80 control subjects. Patients with ADHD scored significantly higher than the control group on almost all maladaptive schemas...
June 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614892/the-use-of-compensatory-strategies-in-adults-with-adhd-symptoms
#13
Kate Kysow, Joanne Park, Charlotte Johnston
This study examined the use of compensatory strategies reported by adults with ADHD symptoms and their relation to measures of functioning. Forty-nine adults (55.1 % female) completed a structured diagnostic interview to assess ADHD, and responses were coded for compensatory strategies: Adaptation, Paying Attention, Organization, External Support, and Avoidance. The majority of adults with ADHD symptoms reported using compensatory strategies, and their reported strategy use in childhood was related to their use in adulthood...
June 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493018/emerging-role-of-mirna-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Saurabh Srivastav, Susanne Walitza, Edna Grünblatt
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder whose aetiology still remains elusive. Nevertheless, evidence supports a high genetic contribution that interacts with environmental factors, also known to modulate epigenetic processes. These epigenetic modulators are a class of non-coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), known as post-transcriptional regulators, which have emerged as prospective players in neuropsychiatric disorders since they play a role in brain development, synapse formation, and the fine-tuning of genes underlying synaptic and memory formation...
May 10, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477289/predictors-of-relapse-or-maintenance-of-response-in-pediatric-and-adult-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-following-discontinuation-of-long-term-treatment-with-atomoxetine
#15
Johannes Thome, Ralf W Dittmann, Laurence L Greenhill, Sarah Lipsius, Yoko Tanaka, Chris Bushe, Rodrigo Escobar, Alexandra N Heinloth, Himanshu Upadhyaya
We identified relapse/maintenance-of-response (MOR) predictors following discontinuation of long-term atomoxetine treatment in pediatric and adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and assessed correlations between ADHD symptoms and quality of life (QoL). Post hoc analyses of data from two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 withdrawal studies in patients with ADHD meeting predefined response criteria before randomization. Study 1: patients (N = 163; 6-15 years) received atomoxetine (1...
May 5, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447335/positive-alcohol-expectancies-mediate-associations-between-adhd-behaviors-and-alcohol-related-problems-among-college-students
#16
Alexis Elmore, Molly Nikolas, Will Canu
An increasing percentage of college students report being affected by ADHD behaviors, and this population is at increased risk of experiencing negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption. However, specific factors motivating alcohol consumption and contributing to negative outcomes among these individuals are not well understood. Recent work suggests alcohol expectancies may interact with ADHD behaviors to influence negative drinking-related outcomes among those with elevated inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity...
April 26, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401487/perception-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Philippa Hüpen, Stefanie M De Vries, Morgana Müller, Francien M Kok, Janneke Koerts, Joost Heutink, Lara Tucha, Manfred Gerlach, Oliver Tucha
A large body of research demonstrated that individuals with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from various neuropsychological deficits. In contrast, less is known and only divergent evidence exists on perceptual functions of individuals with ADHD. This is problematic as neuropsychological and perceptual functions are closely interrelated and are often difficult to disentangle in behavioral assessments. This study presents the conduct and results of a systematic literature review on perceptual functions in children and adults with ADHD...
April 11, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378132/relationship-between-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-sedentary-behavior-in-adolescence-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Vivien Suchert, Anya Pedersen, Reiner Hanewinkel, Barbara Isensee
Existing studies reveal that high levels of sedentary behavior are associated with more inattention and hyperactivity problems. Since most previous studies used screen time as an indicator of sedentary behavior and assessed symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by short screening measures which do not allow to distinguish between subtypes of ADHD, the current study aimed to investigate association between different types of sedentary behavior and symptoms and subtypes of ADHD. The current cross-sectional study analyzed data of 913 students (46...
April 4, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374193/relationship-of-self-mutilative-behaviour-with-history-of-childhood-trauma-and-adult-adhd-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-inpatients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#19
Cuneyt Evren, Gokhan Umut, Bilge Evren
The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of self-mutilative behaviour (SMB) with the severity of childhood trauma and adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). Participants included 188 inpatients with AUD. Participants were evaluated with the Self-mutilative Behaviour Questionnaire, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and the Adult ADD/ADHD DSM-IV Based Diagnostic Screening and Rating Scale (Adult ADHD Scale)...
April 3, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374194/6th-world-congress-on-adhd-from-child-to-adult-disorder
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
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