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Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885982/anthropologists-italians-and-human-races
#1
Giovanni Destro Bisol, Maria Enrica Danubio, Stefano Allovio, Cristina Papa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885981/from-surnames-to-linguistic-and-genetic-diversity-five-centuries-of-internal-migrations-in-spain
#2
Roberto Rodríguez-Díaz, María José Blanco-Villegas, Franz Manni
In a previous study concerning 33,753 single Spanish surnames (considered as tokens) occurring 51,419,788 times we have shown that the present-day geography of contemporary surname variability in Spain still corresponds to the political geography of the country at the end of the Middle Ages. Here we reprocess the same database, by clustering surnames with Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs) according to their geographic distribution, to identify the monophyletic surnames showing a geo-historical origin in one of the 47 provinces of continental Spain...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786814/a-cover-story-for-a-nature-cover-genetic-signature-of-human-expansions-into-eurasia-revealed-by-a-panel-of-worldwide-high-coverage-genomes
#3
Luca Pagani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777737/the-ambiguities-of-race-in-uk-science-social-policy-and-political-discourse
#4
George Ellison, Peter Aspinall, Andrew Smart, Sarah Salway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758892/what-is-race-today-scientific-legal-and-social-appraisals-from-around-the-globe
#5
Alan Goodman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758891/form-and-function-in-the-lower-palaeolithic-history-progress-and-continued-relevance
#6
Alastair Key, Lycett Stephen
Percussively flaked stone artefacts constitute a major source of evidence relating to hominin behavioural strategies and are, essentially, a product or byproduct of a past individual's decision to create a tool with respect to some broader goal. Moreover, it has long been noted that both differences and recurrent regularities exist within and between Palaeolithic stone artefact forms. Accordingly, archaeologists have frequently drawn links between form and functionality, with functional objectives and performance often being regarded consequential to a stone tool's morphological properties...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756428/changes-in-stature-from-the-upper-paleolithic-to-the-medieval-period-in-western-europe
#7
Maria Enrica Danubio, Patrizia Martella, Emanuele Sanna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 29, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708064/race-and-society-in-portugal-two-notes-and-a-remark
#8
Jorge Rocha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708063/observations-on-race-and-racism-in-greece
#9
Ageliki Lefkaditou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708062/the-absence-of-race-in-norway
#10
Jon Røyne Kyllingstad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696943/reflections-on-race-in-science-and-society-in-germany
#11
Ulrich Kattmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696942/race-and-racism-in-france
#12
Evelyne Heyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696941/reflections-on-race-in-science-and-society-in-the-united-states
#13
Alan Goodman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696940/multiple-selective-events-at-the-prdm16-functional-pathway-shaped-adaptation-of-western-european-populations-to-different-climate-conditions
#14
Andrea Quagliariello, Sara De Fanti, Cristina Giuliani, Paolo Abondio, Patrizia Serventi, Stefania Sarno, Marco Sazzini, Donata Luiselli
Several studies highlighted the role of climate in shaping many human evolutionary processes. This occurred even in relatively recent times, having affected various human phenotypic traits, among which metabolic processes that orchestrate absorption and accumulation of substances to maintain energy homeostasis, that is critical for the survival of individuals in high energy-expenditure environments. To date, most researches have focalized on detection of climatic influence on SNPs' frequency in populations exposed to extreme environmental conditions or by comparing variation patterns between populations from different continents...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600906/giuseppe-sergi-the-portrait-of-a-positivist-scientist
#15
Giovanni Cerro
Giuseppe Sergi (1841-1936) was one of the most important anthropologists and psychologists of the age of positivism and this article focuses on three domains of his scientific research: degeneration, eugenics and race. His concept of degeneration is defined as the development of special forms of human adaptation to the environment. This issue is closely related to his theory of the "stratification of character", which had a profound impact on Italian psychiatry and criminal anthropology in the late nineteenth century...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489015/tracking-the-evolution-of-causal-cognition-in-humans
#16
Marlize Lombard, Peter Gärdenfors
We suggest a seven-grade model for the evolution of causal cognition as a framework that can be used to gauge variation in the complexity of causal reasoning from the panin-hominin split until the appearance of cognitively modern hunter-gatherer communities. The intention is to put forward a cohesive model for the evolution of causal cognition in humans, which can be assessed against increasingly fine-grained empirical data from the palaeoanthropological and archaeological records. We propose that the tracking behaviour (i...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398903/biomechanics-of-microliths-manufacture-a-preliminary-approach-to-neanderthal-s-motor-constrains-in-the-frame-of-embodied-cognition
#17
Francia Patiño, Manuel Luque, Marcos Terradillos-Bernal, Manuel Martín-Loeches
The systems of perception and action of the brain appear as important constraining factors in human evolution under current models of embodied cognition. In this view, the emergence of certain items in the archeological record is not necessarily subsequent to the emergence of a 'symbolic' mind, but instead to the appearance of the sensory-motor systems enabling that behavior. One of the products normally absent in pre- Homo sapiens species is the standardized microlith, whose production seems very demanding for the hand due to their small size and need for fine craft...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284042/how-different-are-the-kebara-2-ribs-to-modern-humans
#18
Tara Chapman, Benoît Beyer, Victor Sholukha, Patrick Semal, Veronique Feipel, Stéphane Louryan, Serge Van Sint Jan
This study analyses rib geometric parameters of individual ribs of 14 modern human subjects (7 males and 7 females) in comparison to the reconstructed ribs of the Kebara 2 skeleton which was taken from the reconstruction of a Neandertal thorax by Sawyer & Maley (2005). Three-dimensional (3D) models were segmented from CT scans and each rib vertex cloud was placed into a local coordinate system defined from the rib principal axes. Rib clouds were then analysed using best fitting ellipses of the external contours of the cross-section areas...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983519/two-acheuleans-two-humankinds-from-1-5-to-0-85-ma-at-melka-kunture-upper-awash-ethiopian-highlands
#19
Rosalia Gallotti, Margherita Mussi
The Acheulean is the longest-lasting human cultural record, spanning approximately 1.5 Ma and three continents. The most comprehensive sequences are found in East Africa, where, in largescale syntheses, the Lower Pleistocene Acheulean (LPA) has often been considered a uniform cultural entity. Furthermore, the emergence and development of Acheulean technology are seen as linked to the emergence and evolution of Homo ergaster/erectus. The criterion for grouping together different lithic assemblages scattered over space and time is the presence of large cutting tools (LCTs), more than of any other component...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983518/impacts-of-curatorial-and-research-practices-on-the-preservation-of-fossil-hominid-remains
#20
Adeline Le Cabec, Michel Toussaint
Fossil remains are the only physical evidence of past forms of life which researchers can use to study the evolutionary biology of a species, especially regarding the human lineage. We review and consider the way in which the conditions surrounding a fossil's discovery and its use for scientific research impacts its long-term preservation. The deterioration of the body starts soon after death, continues in the sediments and only a subsample of the anatomical elements will persist and may finally be unearthed by archeologists...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
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