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PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736327/within-session-and-between-session-reliability-construct-validity-and-comparison-between-individuals-with-and-without-neck-pain-of-four-neck-muscle-tests
#1
Filipa Martins, André Bento, Anabela G Silva
BACKGROUND: A variety of tests have been proposed to measure the performance of neck flexor muscles, but head-to-head comparisons have been hardly documented. OBJECTIVE: To compare reliability indexes, construct validity and ability to discriminate between individuals with and without neck pain of four muscle tests (deep neck flexors endurance test - DNFET; two variations of the craniocervical flexion test - CCFT1 and CCFT2; and dynamometry). DESIGN: Reliability and validity study...
July 20, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736326/tone-inhibiting-insoles-enhance-the-reciprocal-inhibition-of-ankle-plantarflexors-of-post-stroke-hemiparetic-subjects-an-electromyographic-study
#2
Nobushige Takahashi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Osamu Takahashi, Ryosuke Ushijima, Rie Umebayashi, Junji Nishikawa, Yasutomo Okajima
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a common sequela of upper motor neuron pathology, such as cerebrovascular diseases and cerebral palsy. Intervention for spasticity of the ankle plantarflexors in physical therapy may include tone-inhibiting casting and/or orthoses for the ankle and foot. However, the physiological mechanism of tone reduction by such orthoses remains unclarified. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the electrophysiologic effects of tone-inhibiting insoles in stroke subjects with hemiparesis by measuring changes in reciprocal Ia inhibition (RI) in the ankle plantarflexor...
July 20, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736325/traumatic-neuropathy-of-the-trigeminal-nerve-in-a-college-trumpet-player-a-case-report
#3
Jeremy Lee Stanek, Kevin Donserm Komes
A 20-year-old college trumpet player presented with a 3-month history of upper lip numbness and worsening playing ability after a marching band performance. Examination demonstrated anesthesia of the upper lip following the borders of the trumpet mouthpiece. While playing, the patient had poor range and an airy tone quality. A prescription of complete embouchure rest for 6 weeks and a tailored return to play regimen resulted in resolution of upper lip numbness and improved trumpet playing. Neuropathy of the lip in a brass player is uncommon but highlights the uniqueness of injuries that may be sustained by performing artists...
July 20, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729060/correlation-of-joint-volume-and-passive-range-of-motion-with-capsulo-synovial-thickness-measured-by-contrast-enhanced-mri-in-adhesive-capsulitis
#4
Yong-Taek Lee, Kwang-Soo Chun, Kyung Jae Yoon, Hee-Jin Park, So-Yeon Lee, Eugene Kim, Young Sook Park, Kyoung-Ho Seo
BACKGROUND: No study has investigated the relationship between the findings of contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) and joint volume of shoulder, which has been considered the standard reference for diagnosis of adhesive capsulitis (AC). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship among the capsule-synovial thickness measured by CE-MRI, joint volume and passive range of motion (ROM) in patient with AC. DESIGN: Retrospective study SETTING: Institutional practice PATIENTS: Medical record of one-hundred-three patients (46 male, 57 female), who were treated with sono-guided intraaticular injection with diagnosis of AC and underwent CE-MRI to rule out concomitant other shoulder disease, were retrospectively reviewed...
July 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729059/ultrasonographic-assessment-of-femoral-cartilage-thickness-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#5
Emre Adigüzel, Fatih Tok, Emre Ata, Evren Yaşar, Bilge Yilmaz
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most disabling syndromes of children. To our knowledge, there has not yet been any reported evaluation of the effect of CP on distal femoral cartilage by ultrasonography. The value of understanding this effect on cartilage is that sonographic evaluation of cartilage thickness may help physician to predict the joint health of these children. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether femoral cartilage thickness in patients with CP is different from that of healthy control subjects...
July 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729058/impacts-of-sensation-perception-and-motor-abilities-of-the-ipsilesional-upper-limb-on-hand-functions-in-unilateral-stroke-quantifications-from-biomechanical-and-functional-perspectives
#6
Hsiu-Yun Hsu, Chia-Wen Ke, Ta-Shen Kuan, Hsiu-Ching Yang, Ching-Liang Tsai, Li-Chieh Kuo
BACKGROUND: The presence of subtle losses in hand dexterity after stroke impacts the regaining of independence with regard to activities of daily living. Therefore, awareness of ipsilesional upper extremity (UE) function may be of importance when drafting a comprehensive rehabilitation program. However, current hand function tests seem to be unable to identify asymptomatic UE impairments. OBJECTIVES: To assess the motor coordination as well as the sensory-perception of an ipsilesional UE using biomechanical analysis of performance-oriented tasks and conducting a Manual Tactile Test (MTT)...
July 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694221/nordic-walking-for-the-management-of-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Lucia Cugusi, Andrea Manca, Daniele Dragone, Franca Deriu, Paolo Solla, Claudio Secci, Marco Monticone, Giuseppe Mercuro
BACKGROUND: It is well known that physical exercise is the main therapeutic element of rehabilitation programs for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). As traditional forms of exercise can guarantee significant health benefits, the emergence of non-conventional physical activities, such as Nordic walking (NW), may add positive effects. OBJECTIVE: To appraise the available evidence on the main effects of NW in the rehabilitation programs for people with PD and to propose a design for upcoming research that might improve the uniformity of future trials...
July 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694220/failed-removal-of-indwelling-urinary-catheters-in-acute-stroke-patients-incidence-and-risk-factors
#8
Frederick S Frost
BACKGROUND: Reducing the incidence of indwelling urinary catheter (IUC) use and early removal of the devices that are inserted are appropriate priorities for quality patient care. Just like symptomatic bacteriuria, failed catheter removal as a complication of IUC use is associated with considerable morbidity. In the ideal setting, patients that need IUCs have them, and patients that do not need them will have them safely removed, with the goal of reducing medical complications and facilitating the rehabilitation phase of care...
July 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684264/leg-pain-from-periostitis-as-the-first-clinical-manifestation-of-large-vessel-vasculitis-a-case-report
#9
Bert Bogaert, Peter Brys, Koen Peers
We report a case of a 47-year-old woman with isolated periostitis of the lower leg as a first manifestation of large vessel vasculitis. The diagnosis was first suspected when a second MRI of the lower leg approximately 4 months after onset of shin pain showed edema near intramuscular vessels. Isolated periostitis is a very rare skeletal manifestation of systemic vasculitis and could easily be misdiagnosed. This case demonstrates that maintaining a broad differential diagnosis for a common presenting complaint such as localized leg pain is imperative...
July 3, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673735/properties-of-paraspinal-muscles-in-japanese-high-school-baseball-players-with-terminal-stage-lumbar-spondylolysis
#10
Hiroyuki Tsuboi, Yukihide Nishimura, Takeshi Sakata, Hideaki Tanina, Hideki Arakawa, Takeshi Nakamura, Yuichi Umezu, Fumihiro Tajima
BACKGROUND: Lumbar spondylolysis is a defect in the pars interarticularis that is common in young athletes; the stress distribution at the pars interarticularis is the highest in extension and rotation movements. The paraspinal muscles play an important role in stabilization of the lumbar spine; however, no study has assessed the properties of paraspinal muscles in athletes with lumbar spondylolysis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the properties of paraspinal muscles in athletes with lumbar spondylolysis...
June 30, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673734/evolution-and-progression-of-spondylodiscitis-a-case-presentation
#11
Mohammed Emam, Donald Lee, Grigory Syrkin, Se Won Lee
Pyogenic infection of the spinal column is a relatively rare condition. Spondylodiscitis is characterized by infection of the intervertebral disc and the adjacent vertebrae. Diagnosis is often delayed because the symptoms are often nonspecific and also because of the high incidence of nonspecific low back pain in the general population. We report the case of a 42-year-old woman who developed low back pain secondary to spondylodiscitis. Her diagnosis was delayed because of a lack of supporting findings on initial magnetic resonance imaging...
June 30, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662855/measuring-physical-and-cognitive-fatigue-in-people-with-post-polio-syndrome-development-of-the-neurological-fatigue-index-for-post-polio-syndrome-nfi-pp
#12
Carolyn A Young, Samantha M Wong, Anne-Marie C Quincey, Alan Tennant
BACKGROUND: Fatigue in post-polio syndrome (PPS) has been shown to affect quality of life adversely. There is currently no disease-specific measure of fatigue for PPS. OBJECTIVE: To develop a scale to measure fatigue in PPS that meets rigorous psychometric standards. DESIGN: Qualitative followed by validation and test-retest studies. SETTING: Polio clinic followed by national questionnaire studies. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 45 participants from polio clinic for qualitative; 319 participants from clinic or self-referral for validation study, of whom 110 completed the retest questionnaire...
June 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662854/female-runner-with-painful-left-thigh-swelling-a-case-of-may-thurner-syndrome
#13
Ziva Petrin, Charles Wowkanech, Anupam N Sinha, Sunny Gupta, Mitesh K Patel
We discuss a case of a female runner who presented with burning left groin and thigh pain and positional swelling after a long run. The workup revealed May-Thurner syndrome. May-Thurner syndrome anatomy is a common anatomical variant present in approximately 20% of the population. Compression of the iliac vein may result in venous stasis in the lower limb with a predisposition to deep venous thrombosis. We identify 4 reported cases of May-Thurner syndrome in female runners and review the importance of diagnosis and appropriate treatment of this condition...
June 27, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648893/assessment-of-self-determination-in-adolescents-with-neonatal-brachial-plexus-palsy
#14
Donna Bergman, Lynnette Rasmussen, Kate Wan-Chu Chang, Lynda J-S Yang, Virginia S Nelson
BACKGROUND: The term self-determination refers to decision-making, goal setting, and perseverance to achieve those goals. Numerous studies have established the importance of self-determination to enhance learning and improve postschool outcomes. However, most studies evaluate students with learning disabilities, cognitive impairment, or behavioral disabilities. There is an absence of research on self-determination for adolescents with physical disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To assess self-determination of adolescents with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) compared with their typically developing peers via self-reported measures of function...
June 23, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634003/spasticity-video-challenge-a-look-at-methods-for-addressing-difficult-cases
#15
Katharine E Alter, Mark Gormley, Atul T Patel
As seen in this CME online activity (available at http://courses.elseviercme.com/spasticity/662e), treatment of patients with spasticity due to upper motor neuron syndromes, including traumatic brain injury, stroke, and cerebral palsy, is multifaceted, involving chemodenervation, systemic medications, surgical therapy, rehabilitation efforts, and home care. Optimal care begins with the recognition that each patient's impairments are unique and must be assessed carefully to determine the impact of muscle overactivity, loss of dexterity, and weakness on passive and active function in the context of the patients' goals...
June 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634002/acupressure-therapy-for-acute-ankle-sprains-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Mingxing Zhao, Wei Gao, Long Zhang, Wei Huang, Sihua Zheng, Guanliang Wang, Brian Y Hong, Baoyong Tang
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains occur frequently among young and active people, accounting for almost 2 million injuries per year. Previous reports suggest that acupressure therapy for acute ankle sprains may shorten the recovery time. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether acupressure therapy can improve ankle sprain recovery compared with standard RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) treatment. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted...
June 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634001/the-effect-of-preoperative-cognitive-behavior-and-exercise-therapy-for-a-patient-with-an-implanted-left-ventricular-assist-device-in-korea
#17
Yong Gon Seo, Won Hah Park, Eun Seok Jeon, Ji Dong Sung, Mi Ja Jang
Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are used in patients with progressive heart failure symptoms to provide circulatory support. Patients with LVADs are referred to inpatient cardiac rehabilitation to prevent postoperative complications and improve aerobic capacity and quality of life. Preoperative exercise therapy for cardiac patients is an emerging treatment modality, and several studies have reported that it improves postoperative outcomes, such as length of hospital stay and postoperative complications...
June 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634000/dose-dependent-effects-of-abobotulinumtoxina-dysport-on-spasticity-and-active-movements-in-adults-with-upper-limb-spasticity-secondary-analysis-of-a-phase-3-study
#18
Michael W O'Dell, Allison Brashear, Robert Jech, Thierry Lejeune, Philippe Marque, Djamel Bensmail, Ziyad Ayyoub, David M Simpson, Magali Volteau, Claire Vilain, Philippe Picaut, Jean Michel Gracies
BACKGROUND: AbobotulinumtoxinA has beneficial effects on spasticity and active movements in hemiparetic adults with upper limb spasticity (ULS). However, evidence-based information on optimal dosing for clinical use is limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe joint-specific dose effects of abobotulinumtoxinA in adults with ULS. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a phase 3 study (NCT01313299). SETTING: Multicenter, international, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial...
June 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633999/characteristics-of-a-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-sample-recruited-using-amazon-s-mechanical-turk
#19
John Bernstein, Matthew Calamia
BACKGROUND: Several barriers exist in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The current study is the first to examine whether crowdsourcing, which has been used in other clinical populations, is useful in the recruitment of those with mTBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), an online crowdsourcing platform, is a useful tool in the recruitment of individuals with a history of mTBI and to examine the injury and psychological characteristics of individuals who report a history of mTBI...
June 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629806/prevalence-of-bleeding-complications-following-ultrasound-guided-botulinum-toxin-injections-in-patients-on-anticoagulation-or-antiplatelet-therapy
#20
Jeffrey LaVallee, Regan Royer, Geoffrey Smith
BACKGROUND: Patients on anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy may be at higher risk for bleeding complications following intramuscular chemodenervation injections. Musculoskeletal ultrasound may be able to reduce the risk of bleeding complications by providing real-time visualization of vascular structures and postinjection monitoring. Limited data exist addressing the risk of bleeding complications following ultrasound-guided botulinum neurotoxin intramuscular chemodenervation procedures in the setting of anticoagulation or antiplatelet therapy...
June 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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