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PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336430/female-physicians-are-underrepresented-in-recognition-awards-from-the-american-academy-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation
#1
Julie K Silver, Saurabha Bhatnagar, Cheri A Blauwet, Ross D Zafonte, Nicole L Mazwi, Chloe S Slocum, Jeffrey C Schneider, Adam S Tenforde
BACKGROUND: Medical specialty societies are important resources for physicians in advancing their careers. There is a gap in the literature regarding gender disparities within these societies. This study assesses one area where disparities may exist: recognition awards. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether female physicians are underrepresented among recognition award recipients by the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (AAPM&R). DESIGN: Surveillance study...
March 21, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323198/ultrasound-visualization-of-a-test-for-non-physiologic-deficits
#2
Eric L Altschuler, Reed C Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284965/physiatry-in-the-era-of-population-health-management-why-we-must-change
#3
William A Adair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286053/onabotulinumtoxina-for-lower-limb-spasticity-guidance-from-a-delphi-panel-approach
#4
Alberto Esquenazi, Abraham Alfaro, Ziyad Ayyoub, David Charles, Khashayar Dashtipour, Glenn D Graham, John R McGuire, Ib R Odderson, Atul T Patel, David M Simpson
BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA is approved for the treatment of upper and lower limb spasticity in adults. Guidance on common postures and onabotulinumtoxinA injection paradigms for upper limb spasticity has been developed using a Delphi Panel. However, similar guidance for lower limb spasticity has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To define a clinically recommended treatment paradigm using onabotulinumtoxinA for each common posture among patients with post-stroke lower-limb spasticity (PSLLS); to identify the most common PSLLS aggregate postures...
March 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279676/erratum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274842/rehabilitation-traumatology-a-narrative-review
#6
REVIEW
Donna Bloodworth, Sindhu Pandit, Patrick Mullan, Faye C Tan
Rehabilitation Traumatology has developed within Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation as a specialized area of knowledge in which the physiatrist works with the Traumatology team to enhance the functional outcome of trauma patients. The American Heritage Dictionary defines Traumatology as "the branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of serious wounds, injuries, and disabilities" [1]. It defines rehabilitate as "to restore to good health or useful life, as through therapy and education" [1]. Thus the authors propose Rehabilitation Traumatology be "the branch of medicine that deals with the treatment of serious wounds, injuries, and disabilities", "to restore (the patient) to good health or useful life"...
March 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214616/exploring-factors-influencing-low-back-pain-in-people-with-nondysvascular-lower-limb-amputation-a-national-survey
#7
Hemakumar Devan, Paul Hendrick, Leigh Hale, Allan Carman, Michael P Dillon, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal impairment in people with lower limb amputation. Given the multifactorial nature of LBP, exploring the factors influencing the presence and intensity of LBP is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To investigate which physical, personal, and amputee-specific factors predicted the presence and intensity of LBP in persons with nondysvascular transfemoral amputation (TFA) and transtibial amputation (TTA). DESIGN: A retrospective cross-sectional survey...
March 2, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237692/randomization-test-an-alternative-analysis-for-the-difference-of-two-means
#8
Regina L Nuzzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214618/deep-neck-flexor-endurance-in-the-adolescent-and-young-adult-normative-data-and-associated-attributes
#9
Nathan F Jarman, Toby Brooks, C Roger James, Troy Hooper, Mark Wilhelm, Jean-Michel Brismée, Manuel A Domenech, Stanley J Kotara, Phillip S Sizer
BACKGROUND: Deep neck flexor (DNF) muscles stabilize the neck and contribute to head acceleration control. The function of DNF in cervical spine dynamic stabilization has not been examined in athletes of any age group, including adolescents. This investigation was necessary prior to studying the DNF muscles' role in cervical spine injury patterns. OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine average Deep Neck Flexor Endurance Test (DNFET) time scores in high school and university-aged subjects (ages 14-22); and (2) To establish the relationship between gender and age for adolescent DNFET time scores...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214617/demonstrating-construct-validity-of-the-american-board-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-part-i-examination-an-analysis-of-dimensionality
#10
Mikaela Raddatz, Lawrence R Robinson
BACKGROUND: Ideally, high stakes examinations assess one dimension of medical knowledge to produce precise estimates of a candidate's performance. It has not been reported whether the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Part 1 Certification Examination (ABPMR-CE-1) is unidimensional or not. OBJECTIVE: To examine the ABPMR-CE-1 to measure how many dimensions it assesses. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: We assessed examination results from the 2015 ABPMR-CE-1...
February 15, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167302/characterization-of-neck-strength-in-healthy-young-adults
#11
Eva Catenaccio, Weiya Mu, Atira Kaplan, Roman Fleysher, Namhee Kim, Tamar Bachrach, Malka Zughaft Sears, Oren Jaspan, Jaclyn Caccese, Mimi Kim, Mark Wagshul, Walter F Stewart, Richard B Lipton, Michael L Lipton
BACKGROUND: The role of cervical muscle (neck) strength in traumatic brain and spine injury and chronic neck pain disorders is an area of active research. Characterization of the normal ranges of neck strength in healthy young adults is essential to designing future investigations of how strength may act as a modifier for risk and progression in head and neck disorders. OBJECTIVE: To develop a normative reference database of neck strength in a healthy young adult population, and to evaluate the relationship of neck strength to anthropometric measurements...
February 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167305/self-reported-driving-difficulty-in-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-its-central-role-in-psychological-well-being
#12
Laraine Winter, Helene J Moriarty, Thomas H Short
BACKGROUND: The ability to drive is a core function supporting independent living. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) may impair driving capacity in numerous ways. Previous research has documented that individuals with TBI have more driving-related problems than other people and has identified predictors of driving status or capacity, mostly among civilians; however, no research has examined the implications of driving limitations for the well-being of individuals with TBI. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between self-reported difficulty in driving with important domains of psychological well-being in veterans with TBI, with adjustment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and years since most recent TBI...
February 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167304/age-related-changes-in-morphology-and-function-of-scapular-muscles-in-asymptomatic-people
#13
Shuhei Morise, Takayuki Muraki, Hiroaki Ishikawa, Shin-Ichi Izumi
BACKGROUND: Aging is a contributing factor to rotator cuff tears. Dysfunction of the scapular muscles can be a potential cause of rotator cuff tears. Although aging can contribute to dysfunction of the scapular muscles and subsequently result in rotator cuff tears, the effects of aging on scapular muscles are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine changes in sizes and electromyographic activities of the scapular muscles with age in asymptomatic subjects. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
February 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167303/psychological-and-lifestyle-factors-that-influence-the-serial%C3%A2-reporting-of-postconcussion-like-symptoms-in-a-nonconcussed-population
#14
Arun Prasad Balasundaram, Josie Athens, Anthony Gerard Schneiders, Paul McCrory, Stephen John Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Symptoms related to concussion are generally found to be nonspecific in nature, as they are also reported by nonconcussed individuals. What is currently not known is whether the symptoms vary over time, and whether they are also influenced by a multitude of factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the potential influence of psychological, lifestyle, and situational factors on the change in postconcussion-like symptoms reported over 7 consecutive days in a cohort of normal individuals...
February 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143720/strategies-for-combating-opioid-induced-constipation-targeted-mechanisms-to-maintain-pain-control-without-compromise
#15
Michael J Brennan, Steven P Stanos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 29, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111302/post-traumatic-visualized-supernumerary-phantom-limbs-a-case-report
#16
S Courtney-Kay Lamb
The experience of Supernumerary Phantom Limbs (SPLs) is a rare phenomenon known to occur following a variety of neurological ailments. This case report details visualized supernumerary phantom arms and legs in a polytrauma patient with suspicion of seizure as the primary contributing factor. Less than thirty cases of SPLs have been previously described. SPLs are usually confined to the phantom proprioception/sensation of the limb with only six prior cases reporting visualized SPLs, all of which occurred in the setting of isolated stroke...
January 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104531/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-gouty-tophi-in-the-patellar-tendon-using-ultrasound-guided-needle-barbotage-a-case-presentation
#17
Ricardo E Colberg, Rachel B Geffen
A 73-year-old man presented with nontraumatic debilitating anterior left knee pain. Magnetic resonance imaging suggested a partial patellar tendon tear. However, ultrasound imaging revealed multiple small hyperechoic areas with posterior acoustic shadowing with intermixed hypoechoic fluid within the proximal patellar tendon, consistent with gouty tophi. The patient underwent ultrasound-guided needle barbotage of the tophi. Gout was confirmed by the presence of uric acid crystals in the aspirate. He had immediate pain relief...
January 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093373/improved-arousal-and-motor-function-using-zolpidem-in-a-patient-with-space-occupying-intracranial-lesions-a-case-report
#18
Martin Nicholas Bomalaski, Sean Robinson Smith
Patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) have profound functional limitations with few treatment options for improving arousal and quality of life. Zolpidem is a nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic used to treat insomnia that has also been observed to paradoxically improve arousal in those with DOC, such as the vegetative or minimally conscious states. Little information exists on its use in patients with DOC who have intracranial space-occupying lesions. We present a case of a 24-year-old man in a minimally conscious states due to central nervous system lymphoma who was observed to have increased arousal and improved motor function after the administration of zolpidem...
January 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093372/does-trainee-involvement-in-fluoroscopic-injections-affect-fluoroscopic-time-immediate-pain-reduction-and-complication%C3%A2-rate
#19
Daniel Cushman, Masaru Teramoto, Bradley Curtis, David T Lee, Austin Marcolina, Zachary McCormick
BACKGROUND: Patients have expressed concern about undergoing procedures involving trainees, even with direct attending physician supervision. Little literature has examined the effect of trainee involvement on patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effect of trainee involvement on patient complications, immediate pain reduction, and fluoroscopic time for different fluoroscopic injection types. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Four academic outpatient institutions with Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)-accredited residency (physical medicine and rehabilitation, or anesthesiology) or fellowship (sports medicine or pain medicine) programs from 2000 to 2015...
January 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093371/sonographically-guided-knee-meniscus-injections-feasibility-techniques-and-validation
#20
Michael R Baria, Jacob L Sellon, Dan Lueders, Jay Smith
BACKGROUND: There is a growing interest in the use of biologic agents such as platelet-rich plasma and mesenchymal stem/stromal cells to treat musculoskeletal injuries, including meniscal tears. Although previous research has documented the role of diagnostic ultrasound to evaluate meniscal tears, sonographically guided (SG) techniques to specifically deliver therapeutic agents into the meniscus have not been described. OBJECTIVE: To describe and validate SG injection techniques for the body and posterior horn of the medial and lateral meniscus...
January 16, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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