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PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512066/use-of-electroencephalography-brain-computer-interface-systems-as-a-rehabilitative-approach-for-upper-limb-function-after-a-stroke-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Esther Monge-Pereira, Jaime Ibañez-Pereda, Isabel M Alguacil-Diego, Jose I Serrano, María P Spottorno-Rubio, Francisco Molina-Rueda
BACKGROUND: Brain computer interface (BCI) systems have been suggested as a promising tool for neurorehabilitation. However, to date, there is a lack of homogeneous findings. Furthermore, no systematic reviews have analyzed the degree of validation of these interventions for upper limb (UL) motor rehabilitation post-stroke. OBJECTIVES: To compile all available studies that assess an UL intervention based on an electroencephalography (EEG) - BCI system in stroke...
May 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512065/long-term-functional-and-psychosocial-outcomes-after-hypoxic-ischemic-brain-injury-a-case-controlled-comparison-to-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Meredith Harbinson, Sareh Zarshenas, Nora Cullen
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing rate of survival from Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury (HIBI), there is a paucity of evidence on the long-term functional outcomes after inpatient rehabilitation among these non-traumatic patients compared to patients with Traumatic Brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVES: To compare functional and psychosocial outcomes of patients with HIBI vs. case-matched patients with TBI 4 to11 years after brain insult. DESIGN: Retrospective, matched case-controlled study...
May 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483683/the-use-of-dehydrated-human-amnion-chorion-membrane-allograft-injection-for-the-treatment-of-tendinopathy-or-arthritis-a-case-series-involving-40-patients
#3
Alfred C Gellhorn, Alex Han
BACKGROUND: Degenerative joint and tendon injuries remain difficult to treat, with few effective conservative treatment options available. Regenerative approaches aim to promote the inherent healing capacity of injured tissues. Micronized dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane (dHACM) injection is an emerging regenerative option with promising preclinical results. OBJECTIVE: To test the clinical effectiveness of dHACM injection in patients with chronic tendinopathy and arthropathy...
May 6, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483687/femoral-and-lumbar-fractures-during-rehabilitation-for-a-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-a-case-presentation
#4
Brendon S Ross, David Ripley, Anna M Ho, Leslie Rydberg
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is one of the most common inherited bone disorders. These individuals are high-risk for developing fractures during their lifetime secondary to bone fragility. This case presents a female with type I OI involved in a high speed motor vehicle accident resulting in a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and paraplegia. Inpatient rehabilitation was complicated by fractures of the femur and lumbar spine which impacted her level of independence upon discharge to prevent additional fractures and maintain safety...
May 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483686/persistent-hiccups-after-an-epidural-steroid-injection-successfully-treated-with-baclofen-a-case-report
#5
Berdale Colorado, Gregory Decker
Persistent hiccups are an established adverse reaction to epidural steroid injections. Although oral baclofen has been used to treat hiccups in various clinical settings, none of the previously reported studies that used baclofen were related to hiccups occurring after spinal injections/procedures. We report a case of a man who developed persistent hiccups after a transforaminal epidural steroid injection that was treated successfully with oral baclofen. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: To be determined...
May 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483685/effects-of-low-load-exercise-on-postneedling-induced-pain-after-dry-needling-of-active-trigger-point-in-individuals-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#6
Jaime Salom-Moreno, Laura Jiménez-Gómez, Victoria Gómez-Ahufinger, María Palacios-Ceña, José L Arias-Buría, Shane L Koppenhaver, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
BACKGROUND: The application of dry needling usually is associated with postneedling-induced pain. A postneedling intervention reduce this adverse event is needed. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of low-load exercise on reducing postneedling-induced pain after dry needling of active trigger points (TrPs) in the infraspinatus muscle in subacromial pain syndrome. DESIGN: A 72-hour follow-up, single-blind randomized controlled trial...
May 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483684/detection-of-botulinum-toxin-muscle-effect-in-humans-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-case-series
#7
Michael W O'Dell, Mark Villanueva, Carly Creelman, Gaurav Telhan, Jaclyn Nestor, Keith D Hentel, Douglas Ballon, Jonathan Dyke
BACKGROUND: Although important for dosing and dilution, there are few data describing botulinum toxin (BT) movement in human muscle. OBJECTIVE: To better understand BT movement within human muscle DESIGN: Proof of concept study with descriptive case series SETTING: Outpatient academic practice PARTICIPANTS: Five subjects with stroke who were BT naïve with a mean age=60.4±14y and time post-stroke=4.6±3.7y. METHODS: Three standardized injections were given to the lateral gastrocnemius muscle (LGM): 2 contained 25 units (U) of onobotulinumtoxinA (Botox™) in 0...
May 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477958/potentially-preventable-within-stay-readmissions-among-medicare-fee-for-service-beneficiaries-receiving-inpatient%C3%A2-rehabilitation
#8
Addie Middleton, James E Graham, Anne Deutsch, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
BACKGROUND: The focus of health care reform is shifting from all-cause to potentially preventable readmissions. Potentially preventable within-stay readmission rates is a measure recently adopted by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for the Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Quality Reporting Program. OBJECTIVE: We examined the patient-level predictors of potentially preventable within-stay readmissions among Medicare beneficiaries receiving care in inpatient rehabilitation facilities...
May 3, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461229/electromyographic-and-kinematic-analysis-of-trunk-and-limb-muscles-during-a-holding-task-in-chronic-low-back-pain-individuals-and-healthy-controls
#9
Júlia Jubany, Michel Marina, Rosa Angulo-Barroso
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) affects a large proportion of the population and has been associated with different muscle dysfunctions. However, there is no consensus regarding muscle electromyography and kinematic patterns during fatiguing tasks. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether trunk and limb muscle fatigability and activation patterns of individuals suffering CLBP differ from those of healthy participants during a holding task. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
April 28, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461228/patient-reported-usefulness-of-acute-cancer-rehabilitation
#10
Amy H Ng, Ekta Gupta, Rhodora C Fontillas, Swati Bansal, Janet L Williams, Minjeong Park, Diane Liu, Jack B Fu, Rajesh R Yadav, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors often have unmet needs and cancer rehabilitation is becoming an integral part of the continuum of care. Understanding the needs and satisfaction of patients undergoing cancer rehabilitation is important for the development of effective programs. OBJECTIVE: To determine the overall perception of acute inpatient cancer rehabilitation usefulness. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Acute inpatient cancer rehabilitation unit at a National Cancer Institute (NCI) Comprehensive Cancer Center...
April 28, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461227/does-ischemia-cause-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Anton Shcherbina, Mckenna Longacre
OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence of association between atherosclerosis and low back pain (LBP). TYPE: Focused systematic review. LITERATURE SURVEY: PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, and EMBASE were searched for original research articles, not limited by language, from January 1, 1990, to October 31, 2016. METHODOLOGY: Titles and then abstracts were identified using predefined search terms and excluded based on lack of relevancy. This was followed by full-text reviews...
April 28, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461226/clinical-and-functional-characteristics-of-people-with-chronic-and-recent-onset-plantar-heel-pain
#12
Allegra Barnes, Justin Sullivan, Evangelos Pappas, Roger Adams, Joshua Burns
BACKGROUND: Plantar heel pain is a common condition that reduces health-related quality of life. Recovery usually occurs within 12 months; however, up to 20 percent of people remain symptomatic beyond this time-frame. The level of pain and function in this chronic heel pain group is not well described. OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical and functional characteristics associated with chronic plantar heel pain compared with heel pain of recent onset. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study SETTING: University research laboratory and private physiotherapy clinic PARTICIPANTS: A total of 71 people with plantar heel pain for longer than 12 months and 64 people with plantar heel pain for less than 6 months were recruited from the general public...
April 28, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456694/predictive-indices-for-functional-improvement-and-deterioration-institutionalization-and-death-among-elderly-medicare%C3%A2-beneficiaries
#13
Jibby E Kurichi, Pui L Kwong, Dawei Xie, Hillary R Bogner
BACKGROUND: Prediction models can help clinicians provide the best and most appropriate care to their patients and can help policy makers design services for groups at highest risk for poor outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To develop prediction models identifying both risk factors and protective factors for functional deterioration, institutionalization, and death. DESIGN: Cohort study using data from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS) SETTING: Community survey...
April 26, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433830/spasticity-management-the-current-state-of-transcranial-neuromodulation
#14
REVIEW
Antonino Leo, Antonino Naro, Francesco Molonia, Provvidenza Tomasello, Ileana Saccà, Alessia Bramanti, Margherita Russo, Placido Bramanti, Angelo Quartarone, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
This narrative review aims to provide an objective view of the noninvasive neuromodulation (NINM) protocols available for treating spasticity, including repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). On the basis of the relevant randomized controlled trials, we infer that NINM is more effective in reducing spasticity when combined with the conventional therapies than used as a stand-alone treatment. However, the magnitude of NINM after-effects depends significantly on the applied hemisphere and the underlying pathology...
April 20, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433831/ultrasonography-of-the-transverse-movement-and-deformation-of-the-median-nerve-and-its-relationships-with-electrophysiological-severity-in-the-early-stages-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#15
Donghwi Park
BACKGROUND: To date, there have been conflicting suggestions regarding the initial pathogenesis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). It has been characterized as either inflammation of the median nerve caused by compression or noninflammatory fibrosis of the subsynovial connective tissue (SSCT). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the initial pathogenesis of CTS, we compared the deformation and displacement of the median nerve in accordance with the electrophysiological severity between patients with CTS (via the Bland scale) and healthy controls...
April 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433829/successful-repeat-sacroplasty-in-a-patient-with-a-recurrent-sacral-insufficiency-fracture-a-case-presentation
#16
Jeremy I Simon, David E Surrey, Paul Kitei, Matthew Sonagere, Jeffrey Gehret, George Young, David Smoger
The standard of care for treatment of sacral insufficiency fracture (SIF) remains conservative management with limited weight-bearing and analgesics, as most fractures heal within 12 weeks. For those who fail to respond to conservative therapy, are immobile, or cannot tolerate the pain despite analgesic therapy, as well as those who do not improve with time, rest, or activity modification, minimally invasive surgery with percutaneous transverse screw fixation across the fracture is effective. However, a less invasive procedure, percutaneous sacroplasty, may be an option for potential rapid pain reduction...
April 19, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400223/acute-radial-neuropathy-at-the-spiral-groove-following-massage-a-case-presentation
#17
Po-Cheng Hsu, Jan-Wei Chiu, Chen-Liang Chou, Jia-Chi Wang
Massage-related nerve injury is an uncommon, rarely reported complication. We report an unusual case of radial nerve neuropathy at the spiral groove in a 58-year-old woman that resulted from a single episode of deep tissue massage. Although the spiral groove is known as the most common site implicated in radial nerve neuropathy, to our knowledge, there have not previously been any reports of massage-related spiral groove radial nerve neuropathy. Electrodiagnostic and ultrasound examinations were used to localize the nerve lesion at the spiral groove and also to provide prognostic evaluation...
April 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400222/self-reported-health-and-safety-awareness-improves-prediction%C3%A2-of-level-of-care-needs-in-veterans-discharged-from-a-postacute-unit
#18
Julija Stelmokas, Linas A Bieliauskas, Katherine A Kitchen Andren, Robert Hogikyan, Neil B Alexander
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the differential value of a self-reported health and safety awareness measure relative to other medical, psychosocial, and cognitive factors in predicting level of care (LOC) needs after hospital discharge. DESIGN: Retrospective medical record review. SETTING: Community living center postacute care (CLC-PAC) unit at a Veterans Affairs hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 175 veterans admitted to the Veterans Affairs hospital or directly to the CLC-PAC from home...
April 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400221/validation-of-a-self-monitoring-tool-for-use-in-exercise-therapy
#19
Camilla S Powierza, Michael D Clark, Jaime M Hughes, Kevin A Carneiro, Jason P Mihalik
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise at a subsymptom heart rate has been recommended as therapy for postconcussion syndrome. Assessing adherence with an accurate heart rate-monitoring instrument is difficult, limiting the proliferation of large-scale randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of the Fitbit Charge HR compared with electrocardiogram (EKG) to monitor heart rate during a treadmill-based exercise protocol. DESIGN: A methods comparison study...
April 9, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389399/integrating-musculoskeletal-education-and-patient-care-at-medical%C3%A2-student-run-free-clinics
#20
Thomas McQuillan, Nate Wilcox-Fogel, Emily Kraus, Amy Ladd, Michael Fredericson
BACKGROUND: Student-run free clinics (SRFCs) have emerged as an important educational component of United States (US) medical schools. Despite the prevalence of musculoskeletal (MSK) problems presenting to SRFCs, students and clinics are often unprepared to diagnose and to treat common MSK complaints. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the scope of diagnosis and treatment at a medical student-run free clinic specializing in musculoskeletal care using physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residents...
April 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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