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PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783068/reliability-of-the-star-excursion-balance-test-and-two-new-similar-protocols-to-measure-trunk-postural-control
#1
Diego López-Plaza, Casto Juan-Recio, David Barbado, Iñaki Ruiz-Pérez, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Although the Star Excursion Balance test (SEBT) has shown a good intra-session reliability the inter-session reliability of this test has not been deeply studied. Furthermore, there is an evident high influence of the lower-limbs in the performance of the SEBT so even if it has been used to measure core stability it is possibly not the most suitable measurement. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were: i) to assess the absolute and relative between-session reliability of the SEBT and two novel variations of this test to assess trunk postural control while sitting, i...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783067/motor-retraining-more-for-functional-movement-disorders-outcomes-from-a-one-week-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program
#2
Alexandra Jacob, Darryl Kaelin, Abbey Roach, Craig Ziegler, Kathrin LaFaver
BACKGROUND: Functional Movement Disorders (FMD) are conditions of abnormal motor control thought to be caused by psychological factors. These disorders are commonly seen in neurological practice and prognosis is often poor. No consensus treatment guidelines have been established, however the role of physical therapy in addition to psychotherapy has increasingly been recognized. This study reports patient outcomes from a multidisciplinary FMD treatment program using motor retraining (MoRe) strategies...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783066/safe-needle-approach-for-examination-of-the-rhomboid-major
#3
Ki Hoon Kim, Goo Young Kim, Seong Gyu Lim, Byung Kyu Park, Dong Hwee Kim
BACKGROUND: Safe and accurate needle access to the rhomboid major (RM) during electromyography is challenging due to the overlying trapezius muscle and the risk of pneumothorax. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the RM anatomy associated with the trapezius using ultrasonography and to determine a safe and accurate needle insertion point for needle electromyography of the RM. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Department of physical medicine and rehabilitation of a tertiary clinic center PARTICIPANTS: Participants between 23 and 71 years of age without any diseases (N=25; 13 men, 12 women; 50 scapulae) were included...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783065/participation-in-daily-life-influence-on-quality-of-life-in-ambulatory-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#4
Jaclyn Omura, Molly Fuentes, Kristie Bjornson
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy is a chronic condition which affects children and has an impact on social and physical activity, as well as participation in daily life. Participation and quality of life are two important measures of successful rehabilitation that have not been well studied in children with cerebral palsy. OBJECTIVE: To report levels of participation and examine the relationship of participation to quality of life (QOL) in ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP) DESIGN: Secondary analysis, cross-sectional cohort study SETTING: Regional pediatric specialty care center PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of 128 ambulatory children with CP, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels I-III, age 2-9 years INTERVENTIONS: Not Applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL); Assessment of Life Habits (LIFE-H); Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment and Assessment of Preschool Children's Participation (CAPE/APCP)...
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782845/percent-differences-another-look
#5
EDITORIAL
Regina Nuzzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777771/assessing-the-longer-term-effects-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-on-self-reported-driving-ability
#6
John Bernstein, Matthew Calamia
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may have long-term cognitive and functional consequences, and recent mTBI is associated with impaired performance on measures related to driving ability. However, it remains unclear whether prior mTBI history is associated with poorer driving performance. OBJECTIVE: To examine the longer-term effects of mTBI on self-reported driving ability. DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online...
May 16, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775802/nonoperative-management-of-a-severe-proximal-rectus-femoris-musculotendinous-injury-in-a-recreational-athlete-a-case-report
#7
Park Ck, Zlomislic V, Du J, Huang Bk, Chang Ey, Chang Dg
This report describes a severe injury to the proximal rectus femoris (RF) muscle in a 37-year-old recreational athlete. This injury is a relatively rare occurrence in both the general and elite athletic populations. Acute and long-term imaging and functional outcomes are described. This athlete was able to return to full activity without surgical intervention. Follow-up imaging demonstrated gross healing of both complete (or near complete) muscle and tendon tears.
May 15, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775801/narrative-review-on-the-effect-of-shockwave-treatment-for-management-of-upper-and-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-conditions
#8
REVIEW
Julia M Reilly, Eric Bluman, Adam S Tenforde
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is a technology that was first introduced into clinical practice in 1982 for urological conditions. Subsequent clinical applications in musculoskeletal conditions have been described in treatment of plantar fasciopathy, both upper and lower extremity tendinopathies, greater trochanteric pain syndrome, medial tibial stress syndrome, management of non-union fractures, and joint disease including avascular necrosis (AVN). The aim of this review is to summarize the current understanding of treatment of musculoskeletal conditions with ESWT, accounting for differences in treatment protocol and energy levels...
May 15, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775800/insertion-and-presence-of-fine-wire-intramuscular-electrodes-to-the-lumbar-paraspinal-muscles-do-not-affect-muscle-performance-and-activation-during-high-exertion-spinal-extension-activities
#9
Szu-Ping Lee, Jo Armour Smith, Matthew Kimber, Kelsey Houk
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is commonly associated with paraspinal muscle dysfunctions. A method to study deep lumbar paraspinal (i.e. multifidus) muscle function and neuromuscular activation pattern is intramuscular electromyography (EMG). Previous studies have shown that the procedure does not significantly impact muscle function during activities involving low-level muscle contractions. However, it is currently unknown how muscular function and activation are affected during high-exertion contractions...
May 15, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758294/american-academy-of-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-position-statement-on-opioid-prescribing
#10
Cathy Mendelsohn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753830/objective-technical-considerations-for-appropriate-digital-subtraction-imaging-during-cervical-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injection
#11
Zachary L McCormick, Vinil N Shah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753829/the-role-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-in-the-conservative-and-surgical-management-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-does-the-strength-of-the-pelvic-floor-muscles-matter
#12
REVIEW
Anna Maria Lasak, Marjorie Jean-Michel, Phuong Uyen Le, Roshni Durgam, Jessica Harroche
The purpose of this review is to provide an in-depth overview of the role of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) in the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The definition, epidemiology, and pathogenesis of SUI are described. We review the anatomy of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and the importance of pelvic floor muscle strength in maintaining urinary continence and establishing normal voiding function. A brief description of the surgical options currently available for SUI and the existing data regarding the role of perioperative PFMT for SUI are included...
May 10, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753113/cardiovascular-responses-during-resistance-exercise-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease
#13
Roberto Miyasato, Carla Silva-Batista, Tiago Peçanha, David A Low, Marco T de Mello, Maria E Piemonte, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Cláudia L M Forjaz, Hélcio Kanegusuku
BACKGROUND: Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) present cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction which impairs blood pressure control. However, cardiovascular responses during resistance exercise are unknown in these patients. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the cardiovascular responses during resistance exercise performed with different muscle masses, in patients with PD. DESIGN: Two groups, repeated-measures design. SETTING: Exercise Hemodynamic Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo...
May 9, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753112/patients-with-chronic-spinal-pain-benefit-from-pain-neuroscience-education-regardless-the-self-reported-signs-of-central-sensitization-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-multicentre-trial
#14
Anneleen Malfliet, Jeroen Kregel, Mira Meeus, Lieven Danneels, Barbara Cagnie, Nathalie Roussel, Jo Nijs
BACKGROUND: Pain neuroscience education is effective in chronic pain management. Central sensitization (i.e. generalized hypersensitivity) is often explained as underlying mechanism for chronic pain, because of its clinical relevance and influence on pain severity, prognosis, and treatment outcome. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether patients with more or fewer symptoms of central sensitization respond differently to pain neuroscience education. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of a multicentre, triple-blind randomized controlled trial SETTING: University hospital Ghent and University Hospital Brussels, Belgium...
May 9, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705172/the-effect-of-arch-drop-on-tibial-rotation-and-tibiofemoral-contact-stress-in-postpartum-women
#15
Kaitlin Rabe, Neil A Segal, Saphia Waheed, Donald D Anderson
BACKGROUND: Women are at higher risk for knee osteoarthritis and numerous other lower limb musculoskeletal disorders. Arch drop during pregnancy and the resultant excessive pronation of the feet may alter loading patterns and contribute to the higher prevalence of knee osteoarthritis in women. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of arch drop on tibial rotation and tibiofemoral contact stress. DESIGN: Interventional study with internal control SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Eleven postpartum women (age 33...
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705171/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-keyboard-musicians-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Leticia Amaral Corrêa, Luciano Teixeira Dos Santos, Edmur Nelson Nogueira Paranhos Júnior, Alfredo Ignacio Minetti Albertini, Patrícia do Carmo Silva Parreira, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence and risk factors for musculoskeletal pain in keyboard musicians. DESIGN: Systematic review METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the MOOSE recommendations and it was registered with the PROSPERO database under registration number CRD42016042913. We included observational studies through the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale (RILM), Retrospective Index to Music Periodicals (RIPM), Scielo and Google Scholar, with combinations of the keywords: "pianists", "keyboard players", "musculoskeletal pain", "muscular disease", "tendinitis", "tendinopathy", "observational", "case-control", "prevalence" and "risk factors"...
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705170/an-incidental-periscapular-lipoma-with-marked-bone-erosion-in-an-elderly-woman-with-contralateral-shoulder-pain
#17
Esra Gizem Koyuncu, Üstün Aydıngöz, Öner İskender, Murat Kara, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705169/lumbar-epidural-varix-causing-radicular-pain-a-case-report-and-differential-diagnosis-of-lumbar-cystic-lesions
#18
Il-Kyu Im, Eun-Seok Son, Du Hwan Kim
Lumbar epidural varices are a rare cause of radicular pain mimicking lumbar disc herniation or other cyst-like masses including sequestrated disc herniation, facet joint synovial cyst, or perineural cyst. We report a case of a 36-year-old woman presenting with lumbar radicular pain caused by a lumbar epidural varix. Lumbar MRI revealed a cystic lesion in the ventral epidural space posterior to the right L4 body. Surgery was conducted and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of an epidural varix. Lumbar epidural varices and other lumbar cystic lesions can commonly cause radicular pain...
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705168/stenosis-and-neurological-level-discrepancies-in-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#19
Young-Ah Choi, Keewon Kim
BACKGROUND: Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is the most common cause of cord dysfunction in older individuals. CSM involves either the upper motor neuron or lower motor neuron (LMN) in the cervical spine. The neurological level of the LMN lesion does not usually correspond with the structural level detected via magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the structural level of stenosis and the neurological level of LMN involvement in patients with CSM DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study SETTING: Tertiary hospital PATIENTS: Patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy, aged 41 to 79 years METHODS: We reviewed electromyography (EMG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings from 17 patients with CSM to objectively show the relationship between the structural level of stenosis and the neurological level with lower motor neuron involvement...
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705167/stiff-person-syndrome-with-evidence-of-non-specific-focal-myositis-secondary-to-sustained-muscle-contraction-a-case-report
#20
Seung-Wook No, Il-Gyu Lim, Du Hwan Kim
Stiff person syndrome (SPS) is a rare neuroimmunological disorder characterized by progressive muscular rigidity and spasms that affect axial and limb muscles. There have been a few reports that patients with SPS had evidences of polymyositis (PM). There have been no clear explanations about the characteristics of PM in SPS. We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with SPS in association with non-specific focal myositis secondary to sustained muscle contraction. She presented with stiffness and pain in her extremities, and diazepam and baclofen were ineffective...
April 26, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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