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PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30367999/cervical-medial-branch-block-volume-dependent-dispersion-patterns-as-a-predictor-for-ablation-success-a-cadaveric-study
#1
Sayed E Wahezi, Jocelin Jones Molina, Edward Alexeev, John S Georgy, Nogah Haramati, Stephen A Erosa, Jay M Shah, Sherry Downie
BACKGROUND: Neck pain is one of the most common causes of chronic pain and the fourth leading cause of disability worldwide; it is estimated that between 36% to 67% of this pain is due to facet arthropathy. For patients who have pain refractory to conservative treatments literature supports management with diagnostic cervical medial branch blocks (cMBBs) to identify the associated facet innervation as the source of pain followed by therapeutic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the identified nerves...
October 24, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347255/posterior-vertebral-endplate-fractures-a-retrospective-study-on-a-rare-etiology-of-back-pain-in-youth-and-young-adults
#2
Erin M Conlee, Sherilyn W Driscoll, Krista A Coleman Wood, Amy L McIntosh, Mark L Dekutoski, Joline E Brandenburg
BACKGROUND: Posterior lumbar vertebral endplate fracture occurs with avulsion of the ring apophysis from the posterior vertebral body. Although this has been described in adolescents and young adults, proper diagnosis is often delayed or missed entirely. Surgery may be curative. OBJECTIVE: To determine the common clinical features and treatment outcomes in youth and young adults with posterior lumbar vertebral endplate fractures. DESIGN: Descriptive case series...
October 19, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300768/palmaris-longus-tendinopathy-diagnosed-with-ultrasound-a-case-report
#3
John W Norbury, Eric J Morrison
This is a case of 52-year old deaf female who was referred to the electrodiagnostic (EDX) laboratory for evaluation of pain and parasthesias in the left upper limb. The EDX study was normal. However, ultrasound revealed tendinopathy of the palmaris longus tendon, manifested by increased hypoechogenecity, caliber, and tenderness to sonopalpation compared to the right side. To the authors' knowledge there are no reported cases of palmaris longus tendinopathy diagnosed with ultrasound. This case supports the use of point of care ultrasound to explore other possible causes of pathology in patients with parasthesias in the context of a normal EDX study...
October 6, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300767/the-effectiveness-of-injected-corticosteroid-type-dose-and-volume-for-the-treatment-of-pain-in-small-and-intermediate-size-joints-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Daniel M Cushman, Erika Ofek, Raafay H Syed, Nathan Clements, James E Gardner, Jessica M Sams, Jade L Mulvey, Zachary L McCormick
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the scientific literature examining the efficacy of corticosteroid injections in small- and intermediate-size joints, specifically looking at the effect of corticosteroid type, dose, and volume on clinical outcomes (pain and/or function). TYPE: Systematic review LITERATURE SURVEY: Medline (PubMed)®, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, and SportDiscus® databases were searched. METHODOLOGY: Inclusion criteria included adult patients enrolled in prospective studies evaluating pain- and/or function-related improvements following a corticosteroid injection of a small- or intermediate-sized joint...
October 6, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300766/venous-thromboembolism-is-associated-with-lack-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-and-low-vitamin-d-levels
#5
Reza Ehsanian, Molly A Timmerman, Jerry M Wright, Stephen McKenna, Ben Dirlikov, James Crew
BACKGROUND: The role of vitamin D (VitD) in the pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and prevalence of low VitD (LVitD) in spinal cord injury (SCI) has motivated VitD testing and supplementation. This is an exploratory study of data collected at a time before the routine clinical practice of VitD supplementation, allowing for evaluation of the natural history of LVitD levels in patients with SCI. OBJECTIVE: To determine if VitD supplementation in persons with SCI and LVitD levels is associated with decreased prevalence of VTE...
October 6, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30300765/radial-nerve-injury-caused-by-compression-garment-for-lymphedema-a-case-report
#6
Seung Yeon Rhee, Sang Yoon Lee, Ha Ra Jeon
Lymphedema is a condition characterized by localized fluid retention and tissue swelling caused by a compromised lymphatic system. To minimize fluid build-up and stimulate the flow of fluid through the lymphatic system, compression garments are usually applied to patients with lymphedema. There are few studies to report complications of compression garments to treat breast cancer-related lymphedema. To our knowledge, this is the first report of radial nerve compression neuropathy associated with wearing a compression garment to treat lymphedema...
October 6, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273673/ask-the-authors
#7
Heidi Prather, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30273674/ask-the-authors
#8
David J Kennedy, Sherilyn W Driscoll
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 28, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266349/the-influence-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-pain-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-patients-receiving-physical-therapy-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Abdolhamid Hajihasani, Mitra Rouhani, Mahyar Salavati, Rosita Hedayati, Amir Hossein Kahlaee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of adding the cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) component to routine physical therapy (PT) on pain and depression reduction, improvement in quality of life, and enhanced function in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP). TYPE: Systematic review LITERATURE SURVEY: Google Scholar, PubMed, Ovid, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Embase electronic databases were explored for the key terms of "behavioral (or behavioural) treatment" OR "behavior (behaviour) treatment" OR "behavior (behaviour) therapy" OR "cognitive behavior (or behaviour) treatment" OR "cognitive treatment" OR "cognitive therapy" OR "operant behavior (or behaviour) treatment" OR "respondent behavior (or behaviour) treatment" AND "Physical Therapy" OR "Physiotherapy" OR "exercise therapy" OR "electrotherapy" OR "electrical therapy" OR "manual therapy" OR "myofascial therapy" OR "rehabilitation" AND "Low Back Pain" OR "Lower Back Pain" OR "back pain" OR "chronic back pain" OR "chronic lower back pain", with no limitation on language, through January 2018...
September 25, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266348/distribution-patterns-of-vasculature-around-cervical-nerve-roots
#10
Donghwi Park, Ju Seok Ryu
BACKGROUNDS: There has not been an ultrasound study of the vulnerable vessels in a C3-7 cervical nerve root block (CNRB). OBJECTIVES: Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of vulnerable vessels around the target of an CNRB at the cervical nerve root of C3-7 levels in a clinical setting. DESIGN: Restrospective, cross-sectional study SETTING: General teaching hospital, rehabilitation unit. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 104 patients complaining of neck or arm pain with no prior surgical history and who had undergone a CNRB at an outpatient clinic from May 2015 to December 2017 were included...
September 25, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266347/an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-reducing-opioid-prescriptions-to-patients-with-chronic-pain-in-a-spinal-cord-injury-center
#11
Steven W Brose, Heather Schneck, Dennis J Bourbeau
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of prescription opioids has contributed to the epidemic of opioid abuse in the United States. Efforts to reduce opioid prescriptions and offer alternatives for pain management are needed. OBJECTIVE: To determine the success of a multidisciplinary project to manage chronic pain while reducing reliance on opioids in a population of patients with spinal cord injury. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: This study was conducted in an SCI system of care in northeast Ohio...
September 25, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266346/is-hydrotherapy-effective-to-improve-balance-functional-mobility-motor-status-and-quality-of-life-in-subjects-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Camila Pinto, Ana Paula Salazar, Ritchele R Marchese, Cinara Stein, Aline S Pagnussat
BACKGROUND: Individuals with Parkinson disease (PD) present with balance and functional mobility disabilities that negatively affect the quality of life (QOL). OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effects of hydrotherapy on balance, functional mobility, QOL, and motor status in subjects with PD. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 484 participants were included. The mean age of participants ranged from 54 to 78 years...
September 25, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266345/resistance-training-improves-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#13
Alexandro Andrade, Sofia Mendes Sieczkowska, Guilherme Torres Vilarino
BACKGROUND: Patients with primary symptoms of fibromyalgia (FM) have a lower quality of life than healthy people of the same age. The current treatment for FM is palliative, as there is no cure. Therefore, among strategies used to alleviate the symptoms, physical exercise has been recommended. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a resistance training (RT) program on quality of life and associated factors in patients with FM. DESIGN: Non-randomized clinical trial...
September 25, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30243999/concomitant-use-of-opioids-and-benzodiazepines-in-the-outpatient-setting-a-retrospective-study
#14
Jeremy Simon, Jeffrey Gehret, David Stolzenberg, Pedro K Beredjiklian, Jonathon Teng, Taylor Paskey, Robin Raju
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines have been identified as a concurrent factor in opioid related deaths. Although the dangers of concomitant administration of opioids and benzodiazepines are well documented, implementation of this knowledge into practice may be lagging behind. OBJECTIVE: To examine the concomitant use of opioids and benzodiazepines in the outpatient setting. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Academic outpatient multispecialty practice...
September 19, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217644/popliteal-artery-entrapment-syndrome-return-to-sport-considerations-a-case-report
#15
Todd Hayano, Joan Borg-Stein, David J Cormier, Niki Rybko
This is a case of a 19-year-old female collegiate field hockey player with left leg pain, numbness and tingling. A comprehensive workup including dynamic ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Magnetic Resonance Angiogram (MRA) revealed a type VI functional popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (PAES). There are many options for treatment of functional PAES including activity modification, botulinum toxin injection, and surgery. To the authors knowledge there is no published return to sport recommendation for post-surgical functional PAES ...
September 11, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217643/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-the-femoral-cartilage-achilles-tendon-and-plantar-fascia-in-young-women-wearing-high-heeled-shoes
#16
Kamal Mezian, Ayşe Merve Ata, Murat Kara, Şule Şahin Onat, Eda Gürçay, Aslı Çalışkan, Maria Ines Taboas Simoes, Ayşen Akıncı, Levent Özçakar, Franco Franchignoni
BACKGROUND: Specific attention on the musculoskeletal impact of wearing high-heeled shoes (HHS) has mainly focused on knee osteoarthritis and the literature is limited to biomechanical changes. Herewith, the distal femoral cartilage (DFC) has not been morphologically studied. Additionally, although heel elevation is coupled with a shear stress at the heel and overloaded calf muscles, Achilles tendon and plantar fascia thicknesses have not been assessed either. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the DFC, Achilles tendon (AT), and plantar fascia (PF) were different in women wearing HHS and flat-heeled shoes (FHS) and specifically, different in terms of AT/PF and DFC thicknesses...
September 11, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217642/severe-leg-pain-following-spinal-cord-stimulator-implantation-a-case-report
#17
Weibin Shi, Shannon Schultz, David R Gater
Following spinal cord stimulator (SCS) implantation, post-operative pain is commonly incisional or neuropathic from neurological damage. Occasionally, this new pain may mimic symptoms due to pre-existing pathology. We present a case of immediate, severe, post-operative leg pain secondary to a lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and subsequent pulmonary embolism (PE) after percutaneous SCS implantation for failed back syndrome. The risk factors of DVT after spine surgery and perioperative prophylaxis will be further discussed with a brief literature review...
September 11, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195708/ankle-joint-and-rearfoot-biomechanics-during-toe-in-and-toe-out-walking-in-people-with-medial-compartment-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
Jesse M Charlton, Gillian L Hatfield, Jordan A Guenette, Michael A Hunt
BACKGROUND: Toe-in and toe-out walking are 2 strategies that have been shown to be effective in reducing the knee adduction moment in people with knee osteoarthritis. However, despite a positive biomechanical impact on the knee, altering foot rotation may impart unintended forces or joint positions on the ankle that could impact joint health. The kinematic and kinetic changes at the ankle during toe-in or toe-out walking have yet to be examined. OBJECTIVE: To examine ankle/rearfoot biomechanics during toe-in and toe-out walking in those with knee osteoarthritis...
September 7, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195707/bone-mineral-density-among-individuals-with-residual-lower-limb-weakness-after-polio
#19
Beth Grill, Pamela K Levangie, Maria Cole, Darren Rosenberg, Leah Jensen
BACKGROUND: Literature indicates that individuals with long-term residual lower extremity (LE) weakness after polio have decreased bone mineral density (BMD) deficiencies related to muscle weakness. Where weakness is asymmetrical, bone densitometry (BDt) measured only on the stronger LE may misclassify BMD. OBJECTIVE: To determine (1) whether femoral neck BMD differed from side to side in individuals with asymmetrical LE muscle weakness, and (2) the proportion of individuals at risk for underdiagnosis of low bone density or osteoporosis given unilateral assessment of the femoral neck...
September 7, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30195706/a-descriptive-study-of-self-reported-injury-in-non-elite-adaptive-athletes
#20
Jennifer A Soo Hoo, Erek Latzka, Mark A Harrast
BACKGROUND: Adaptive sports programs are increasing across the country and there is a paucity of research investigating the epidemiology and sports injury risk factors in non-elite athletes. OBJECTIVE: To assess the demographics, training regime, and injuries incurred by adaptive athletes participating in local adaptive sports clubs and to assess the athletes' type of medical care and prevalence of those with spasticity. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study...
September 7, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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