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Surgical Pathology Clinics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153138/head-and-neck-pathology
#1
EDITORIAL
Raja R Seethala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153137/glandular-neoplasia-of-the-sinonasal-tract
#2
REVIEW
Edward B Stelow
Glandular lesions that cannot be diagnosed readily as salivary gland tumors occur uncommonly in the upper aerodigestive tract. They occur only with some frequency within the sinonasal tract. Well-characterized lesions at this site include the respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma, seromucinous hamartoma, and intestinal and non-intestinal-type adenocarcinomas. This article reviews the clinicopathologic features of these fascinating lesions.
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153136/autoimmune-disease-manifestations-in-the-oral-cavity
#3
REVIEW
Kelly R Magliocca, Sarah G Fitzpatrick
Immune-related disorders of the oral cavity may occur as primary disease process, secondary to systemic disease or neoplasm, or as a reaction to medications and other agents. The entities represented within this group may vary significantly by severity, clinical presentation, microscopic presentation, and special testing results. The selected immune-related conditions of the oral cavity in this article are categorized and presented by their prototypical tissue reaction patterns: vesiculobullous, including acantholytic and subepithelial separation; psoriasiform; spongiotic; and lichenoid reaction patterns...
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153135/human-papillomavirus-associated-neoplasms-of-the-head-and-neck
#4
REVIEW
Aaron M Udager, Jonathan B McHugh
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an essential causal factor in a subset of head and neck neoplasms, most notably oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, for which HPV infection has important diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic implications. This article summarizes the current understanding of HPV-associated neoplasms of the head and neck, including the recently described carcinoma with adenoid cystic-like features. Salient clinical, gross, and microscopic features are discussed, and the utility of specific ancillary studies is highlighted...
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153134/distinctive-head-and-neck-bone-and-soft-tissue-neoplasms
#5
REVIEW
Bibianna Purgina, Chi K Lai
Benign and malignant primary bone and soft tissue lesions of the head and neck are rare. The uncommon nature of these tumors, combined with the complex anatomy of the head and neck, pose diagnostic challenges to pathologists. This article describes the pertinent clinical, radiographic, and pathologic features of selected bone and soft tissue tumors involving the head and neck region, including angiofibroma, glomangiopericytoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, biphenotypic sinonasal sarcoma, chordoma, chondrosarcoma, and osteosarcoma...
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153133/odontogenic-cysts-and-neoplasms
#6
REVIEW
Elizabeth Ann Bilodeau, Bobby M Collins
This article reviews a myriad of common and uncommon odontogenic cysts and tumors. The clinical presentation, gross and microscopic features, differential diagnosis, prognosis, and diagnostic pitfalls are addressed for inflammatory cysts (periapical cyst, mandibular infected buccal cyst/paradental cyst), developmental cysts (dentigerous, lateral periodontal, glandular odontogenic, orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst), benign tumors (keratocystic odontogenic tumor, ameloblastoma, adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor, ameloblastic fibroma and fibroodontoma, odontoma, squamous odontogenic tumor, calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, primordial odontogenic tumor, central odontogenic fibroma, and odontogenic myxomas), and malignant tumors (clear cell odontogenic carcinoma, ameloblastic carcinoma, ameloblastic fibrosarcoma)...
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153132/salivary-gland-tumors-current-concepts-and-controversies
#7
REVIEW
Raja R Seethala
This current review focuses on current concepts and controversies for select key salivary gland epithelial neoplasms. Rather than the traditional organization of benign and malignant tumors, this review is structured around select key topics: biphasic tumors, mammary analogue secretory carcinoma, and the controversy surrounding polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and cribriform adenocarcinoma of (minor) salivary gland origin.
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153131/laryngeal-dysplasia-squamous-cell-carcinoma-and-variants
#8
REVIEW
Lester D R Thompson
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a malignant epithelial tumor showing evidence of squamous differentiation. It is the most common malignancy of the larynx, with several variants (verrucous, exophytic or papillary, spindle-cell, basaloid, acantholytic, adenosquamous) recognized, with well-established precursor lesions. Dysplasia is now separated into only low-grade and high-grade categories. Each SCC variant has unique cytomorphologic features and histologic differential diagnoses that are important to consider, as management and outcomes are different...
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153130/inflammatory-and-infectious-lesions-of-the-sinonasal-tract
#9
REVIEW
Kathleen T Montone, Virginia A LiVolsi
The sinonasal tract is frequently affected by nonneoplastic inflammatory diseases. Inflammatory lesions of the sinonasal tract can be divided into 3 main categories: chronic rhinosinusitis, which encompasses a heterogeneous group of entities, all of which result in mucosal inflammation with or without polyps-eosinophils; infectious diseases; and autoimmune diseases and vasculitides, which can result in midline necrosis and facial deformities. This article reviews the common inflammatory lesions of the sinonasal tract with emphasis on infectious diseases, vasculitis, iatrogenic, and diseases of unknown cause...
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153129/sinonasal-small-round-blue-cell-tumors-an-immunohistochemical-approach
#10
REVIEW
Lisa M Rooper, Justin A Bishop
Although clinical history and morphologic appearance should be the initial considerations when evaluating small round blue cell tumors of the sinonasal tract, the final diagnosis often hinges on immunohistochemical findings. Unfortunately, interpretation of stains in these tumors is fraught with numerous pitfalls and limitations. This article presents an approach to sinonasal small round blue cell tumors based on four common immunohistochemical patterns: cytokeratin positivity, squamous marker positivity, neuroendocrine marker positivity, and cytokeratin negativity...
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153128/intraoperative-margin-assessment-in-early-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
REVIEW
Simion I Chiosea
The surgical method of margin sampling affects local control, pathologists' approach to margin sampling, and clarity of pathology reports. Studies have shown that exclusive reliance on tumor bed margins is associated with worse local control and should be avoided. En bloc resections and margins obtained from the resection specimen remain the "gold standard." Successful surgical treatment of early carcinomas of the oral cavity relies on close cooperation between surgeons and pathologists on issues of specimen orientation and margin sampling...
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926374/the-changing-landscape-of-pancreatic-pathology
#12
EDITORIAL
Laura D Wood, Lodewijk A A Brosens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926369/pancreatic-pathology
#13
Laura D Wood, Lodewijk A A Brosens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926368/genetic-syndromes-with-pancreatic-manifestations
#14
REVIEW
Meredith E Pittman, Lodewijk A A Brosens, Laura D Wood
Although the pancreas is affected by only a small fraction of known inherited disorders, several of these syndromes predispose patients to pancreatic adenocarcinoma, a cancer that has a consistently dismal prognosis. Still other syndromes are associated with neuroendocrine tumors, benign cysts, or recurrent pancreatitis. Because of the variability of pancreatic manifestations and outcomes, it is important for clinicians to be familiar with several well-described genetic disorders to ensure that patients are followed appropriately...
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926367/molecular-genetics-of-pancreatic-neoplasms
#15
REVIEW
Waki Hosoda, Laura D Wood
Pancreatic neoplasms have a wide range of histologic types with distinct clinical outcomes. Recent advances in high-throughput sequencing technologies have greatly deepened our understanding of pancreatic neoplasms. Now, the exomes of major histologic types of pancreatic neoplasms have been sequenced, and their genetic landscapes have been revealed. This article reviews the molecular changes underlying pancreatic neoplasms, with a special focus on the genetic changes that characterize the histologic types of pancreatic neoplasms...
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926366/analysis-of-pancreatic-cyst-fluid
#16
REVIEW
Saowanee Ngamruengphong, Anne Marie Lennon
Pancreatic cysts are extremely common, and are identified in between 2% to 13% on abdominal imaging studies. Most pancreatic cysts are pseudocysts, serous cystic neoplasms, mucinous cystic neoplasms, or intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. The management of pancreatic cysts depends on whether a cyst is benign, has malignant potential, or harbors high-grade dysplasia or invasive carcinoma. The diagnosis of pancreatic cysts, and assessment of risk of malignant transformation, incorporates clinical history, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), endoscopic ultrasound, and fine-needle aspiration of cyst fluid...
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926365/pancreatic-cytopathology
#17
REVIEW
Jennifer A Collins, Syed Z Ali, Christopher J VandenBussche
Pancreatic cytopathology, particularly through the use of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (FNA), has excellent specificity and sensitivity for the diagnosis of pancreatic lesions. Such diagnoses can help guide preoperative management of patients, provide prognostic information, and confirm diagnoses in patients who are not surgical candidates. Furthermore, FNA can be used to obtain cyst fluid for ancillary tests that can improve the diagnosis of cystic lesions. In this article, we describe the cytomorphological features and differential diagnoses of the most commonly encountered pancreatic lesions on FNA...
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926364/chronic-pancreatitis
#18
REVIEW
Michelle Stram, Shu Liu, Aatur D Singhi
Chronic pancreatitis is a debilitating condition often associated with severe abdominal pain and exocrine and endocrine dysfunction. The underlying cause is multifactorial and involves complex interaction of environmental, genetic, and/or other risk factors. The pathology is dependent on the underlying pathogenesis of the disease. This review describes the clinical, gross, and microscopic findings of the main subtypes of chronic pancreatitis: alcoholic chronic pancreatitis, obstructive chronic pancreatitis, paraduodenal ("groove") pancreatitis, pancreatic divisum, autoimmune pancreatitis, and genetic factors associated with chronic pancreatitis...
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926363/benign-tumors-and-tumorlike-lesions-of-the-pancreas
#19
REVIEW
Olca Basturk, Gokce Askan
The pancreas is a complex organ that may give rise to large number of neoplasms and non-neoplastic lesions. This article focuses on benign neoplasms, such as serous neoplasms, and tumorlike (pseudotumoral) lesions that may be mistaken for neoplasm not only by clinicians and radiologists, but also by pathologists. The family of pancreatic pseudotumors, by a loosely defined conception of that term, includes a variety of lesions including heterotopia, hamartoma, and lipomatous pseudohypertrophy. Autoimmune pancreatitis and paraduodenal ("groove") pancreatitis may also lead to pseudotumor formation...
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926362/pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#20
REVIEW
Safia N Salaria, Chanjuan Shi
Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms include well-differentiated pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PanNETs) and neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) with well-differentiated PanNETs accounting for most cases. Other pancreatic primaries and metastatic carcinomas from other sites can mimic pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms. Immunohistochemical studies can be used to aid in the differential diagnosis. However, no specific markers are available to differentiate PanNETs from NETs of other sites. Although NECs are uniformly deadly, PanNETs have variable prognosis...
December 2016: Surgical Pathology Clinics
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