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American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070186/using-the-nasoseptal-flap-for-reconstruction-after-endoscopic-debridement-of-radionecrosis-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Radionecrosis is a complication of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) that is difficult to treat. Endoscopic debridement is the first-line treatment for radionecrosis. After debridement, however, either bone or the internal carotid artery is exposed and requires mucosal coverage. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to demonstrate the effectiveness of a nasoseptal flap (NSF) after endoscopic debridement of radionecrosis in the reconstruction of nasopharyngeal or skull base defects...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070165/optimal-cutoff-values-of-allergen-specific-immunoglobulin-e-to-house-dust-mites-and-animal-dander-based-on-skin-prick-test-results-analysis-in-16-209-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The most common tests for allergen sensitization in patients with allergic rhinitis are the skin-prick test(SPT) and an in vitro test to detect serum specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE). However, in vitro allergen test results were interpreted dichotomically as positive or negative at a threshold of 0.35kU/L of sIgE, regardless of the patient characteristics or antigen types. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the cutoff value for sIgE in house-dust mites and animal dander, and to analyze differences in cutoff value according to age and gender...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336293/using-the-nasoseptal-flap-for-reconstruction-after-endoscopic-debridement-of-radionecrosis-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#3
Gwanghui Ryu, Yoon Kyoung So, Min Young Seo, Woori Park, Hyo Yeol Kim, Hun-Jong Dhong, Seung-Kyu Chung, Sang Duk Hong
BACKGROUND: Radionecrosis is a complication of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) that is difficult to treat. Endoscopic debridement is the first-line treatment for radionecrosis. After debridement, however, either bone or the internal carotid artery is exposed and requires mucosal coverage. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to demonstrate the effectiveness of a nasoseptal flap (NSF) after endoscopic debridement of radionecrosis in the reconstruction of nasopharyngeal or skull base defects...
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336285/optimal-cutoff-values-of-allergen-specific-immunoglobulin-e-to-house-dust-mites-and-animal-dander-based-on-skin-prick-test-results-analysis-in-16-209-patients-with-allergic-rhinitis
#4
Sang Duk Hong, Gwanghui Ryu, Min Young Seo, Jong In Jeong, Hyo Yeol Kim, Seung-Kyu Chung, Hun-Jong Dhong
BACKGROUND: The most common tests for allergen sensitization in patients with allergic rhinitis are the skin-prick test (SPT) and an in vitro test to detect serum specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE). However, in vitro allergen test results were interpreted dichotomically as positive or negative at a threshold of 0.35 kU/L of sIgE, regardless of the patient characteristics or antigen types. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the cutoff value for sIgE in house-dust mites and animal dander, and to analyze differences in cutoff value according to age and gender...
January 25, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336296/superior-turbinate-eosinophilia-correlates-with-olfactory-deficit-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-patients
#5
Ronald G Amedee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336295/transnasal-endoscopic-resection-of-pediatric-orbital-cyst-how-i-do-it
#6
Jingying Ma, Zhenxiao Huang, Bing Zhou
BACKGROUND: An orbital cystic lesion is a common orbital disease and has classically been approached via external incision. The introduction of endoscopic surgery has revolutionized the management of sinus and skull base disorders. Similarly, endoscopic techniques have been increasingly used to access intraorbital lesions with excellent outcomes, especially in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: We described, in detail, the surgical technique of the endoscopic approach to treat a pediatric orbital cyst...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336294/esthetic-nasolabial-angle-according-to-the-degree-of-upper-lip-protrusion-in-an-asian-population
#7
So Young Choi, Su Jin Kim, Ho Yun Lee, Dong Sik Chang, Myoung Su Choi
BACKGROUND: The positioning of the nasal tip is as esthetically important as the tip projection when rhinoplasty is being considered. It is not uncommon for Asians to have a protruding upper lip and teeth that affect the nasolabial angle (NLA). This study aimed to find the preferred NLA according to the degree of upper lip protrusion in an Asian population. METHODS: A left-side lateral photograph of each participant was used for simulation of six different tip angles by using a photoshop program...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336292/use-of-intraoperative-negative-margins-reduces-inverted-papilloma-recurrence
#8
Amar Miglani, Joseph M Hoxworth, Matthew A Zarka, Devyani Lal
BACKGROUND: Recurrence of inverted papilloma (IP) is a problem in 12-17% of tumors. Controversy exists regarding benefits of intraoperative frozen section histopathology (IFSH) for IP resection; however, to our knowledge, no study has specifically investigated this. IFSH for IP resection is the standard of care in our practice. We, therefore, reviewed our outcomes of using IFSH for IP resection. A secondary goal was to assess the reliability of IFSH. METHODS: Patients with IP who underwent surgical resection (2010-2016) with minimum 9-month follow-up were included...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336291/extent-of-surgery-in-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-skull-base-approaches-and-the-effects-on-sinonasal-morbidity
#9
Vincent Wu, Michael D Cusimano, John M Lee
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic transsphenoidal skull base surgery (ETSS) is now considered the criterion standard approach for resection of pituitary adenomas and other midline anterior skull base lesions. Normal sinonasal structures are resected during ETSS, which raises concerns for nasal morbidity and patient-based outcome. OBJECTIVE: To perform a surgical outcome assessment by examining whether the extent of ETSS approaches affected patient-specific sinonasal quality of life as measured by the 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22)...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336290/comparison-between-endoscopic-and-external-dacryocystorhinostomy-by-using-the-lacrimal-symptom-questionnaire-a-pilot-study
#10
Wai Keat Wong, Simon Dean, Salil Nair
BACKGROUND: Epiphora has a significant impact on the patient's quality of life and is commonly caused by nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) has traditionally been performed via an external approach, which involves a skin incision. With the advent of endoscopes, the endonasal approach to DCR has gained significant popularity. METHOD: To prospectively compare the quality of life of adult patients who underwent either an endonasal or an external DCR for acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction, the Lacrimal Symptom Questionnaire (Lac-Q) was administered before and after surgery...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336289/management-of-odontogenic-cysts-by-endonasal-endoscopic-techniques-a-systematic-review-and-case-series
#11
Michael J Marino, Amber Luong, William C Yao, Martin J Citardi
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic cysts and tumors of the maxilla may be amendable to management by endonasal endoscopic techniques, which may reduce the morbidity associated with open procedures and avoid difficult reconstruction. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review that evaluates the feasibility and outcomes of endoscopic techniques in the management of different odontogenic cysts. A case series of our experience with these minimally invasive techniques was assembled for insight into the technical aspects of these procedures...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336288/how-often-is-sinus-surgery-performed-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-versus-without-nasal-polyps
#12
Elisabeth H Ference, Jeffrey D Suh, Bruce K Tan, Stephanie Shintani Smith
BACKGROUND: There currently are no data on the relative frequency of endoscopic sinus surgeries (ESS) performed for chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) versus chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP) in the United States. OBJECTIVES: To compare the rate of surgical interventions for CRSwNP and CRSsNP. METHODS: Cases identified by CPT codes were extracted from the 2009-2011 State Ambulatory Surgery Databases for California, Florida, Maryland, and New York...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336287/endoscopically-assisted-crawford-tube-placement-results-in-shorter-general-anesthesia-times-in-pediatric-patients
#13
Mitchell R Dobberpuhl, Peter J Timoney, Brett T Comer
BACKGROUND: Crawford tube placement is commonly used to achieve patency of nasolacrimal ducts for epiphora secondary to nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The nasal passages of pediatric patients are narrower than adults, and the result is a relatively higher risk of intranasal complications (e.g., synechiae, bleeding) with Crawford tube placement. There is evidence that general anesthesia may negatively affect the neurocognitive function and behavioral development of children, which prompts efforts to decrease operation times for potential health benefits and also potentially to reduce health care costs...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336286/oral-allergy-syndrome
#14
Nuray Bayar Muluk, Cemal Cingi
OBJECTIVES: To review oral allergy syndrome (OAS). METHODS: We searched several medical literature data bases with the following key words: "oral allergy syndrome," "OAS," "pollen-food allergy syndrome," "PFAS," "allergy," "diagnosis," "treatment." RESULTS: Oral allergy syndrome (OAS), also called "pollen-food allergy syndrome," is a type of food allergy brought about by flavors, nuts, raw fruit, and vegetables. The most well-known symptoms are mouth and throat itching, which starts rapidly after a food is placed in the mouth, and that, as a rule, continues for just a couple of minutes after the food has been swallowed...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336284/assessing-the-onset-of-allergic-rhinitis-by-nasal-cytology-and-immunoglobulin-e-antibody-levels-in-children
#15
Hirokuni Otsuka, Kuninori Otsuka, Shoji Matsune, Kimihiro Okubo
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to identify the onset of allergic rhinitis in infants because making a conclusive diagnosis can be challenging. OBJECTIVE: We used a combination of cell differentials in nasal swabs and immunoglobulin E (sIgE) antibody values to food and inhalant allergens to make the diagnosis and identify relevant allergens for investigation of the onset of allergic rhinitis. METHODS: We studied 302 children, 2 to 120 months old, who visited our clinic for rhinorrhea...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336283/headaches-and-facial-pain-in-rhinology
#16
Asitha D L Jayawardena, Rakesh Chandra
"Sinus headache" is a common chief complaint that often leads patients to an otolaryngologist's office. Because facial pain may or may not be sinogenic in origin, the otolaryngologist should be equipped to evaluate and treat or to appropriately refer these patients. Analysis of current data indicates that the majority of patients who present with sinus headaches actually have migraines. Furthermore, the downstream effect of the cytokine cascade initiated in migraine physiology can cause rhinologic symptoms, including rhinorrhea, congestion, and lacrimation, which may also confound diagnosis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336282/role-of-group-2-innate-lymphocytes-in-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease-pathogenesis
#17
Andrew A White, Taylor A Doherty
Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is characterized by chronic eosinophilic nasal polyps, asthma, and airway reactions upon cyclooxygenase (COX) 1 inhibition. AERD is present in up to 7% of adult patients with asthma and the underlying pathogenesis remains largely elusive but prostaglandin D2, cysteinyl leukotrienes, mast cells, and type 2 cytokines are thought to contribute. A wealth of studies have recently implicated group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2), a novel lineage-negative lymphocyte population that produces type 2 cytokines, in human allergic disease pathogenesis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336281/naive-and-effector-b-cell-subtypes-are-increased-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-polyps
#18
Dijana Miljkovic, Alkis Psaltis, Peter-John Wormald, Sarah Vreugde
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrated that B cells and their chemoattractants are elevated in the nasal mucosa of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). However, the presence of naive B cells and of plasmablasts and memory B-cell subsets in the mucosa and periphery of the same patient with CRS is yet to be characterized. OBJECTIVE: Here we sought to quantify naive, plasmablasts, and memory B cells in mucosal tissue and peripheral blood of patients with CRSwNP, patients with CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP), and control patients...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336280/open-access-is-there-a-predator-at-the-door
#19
Raj Sindwani, Rakesh Chandra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122085/influence-of-chitosan-based-dressing-on-prevention-of-synechia-and-wound-healing-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#20
Jie Liu, Quan Zeng, Xia Ke, Yucheng Yang, Guohua Hu, Xuan Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has had many complications, e.g., synechia formation. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of a novel chitosan-based dressing on prevention of synechia and wound healing after ESS. METHODS: We systematically searched various medical literature data bases and included the randomized controlled trials (RCT) regarding the effect of novel chitosan-based dressing on ESS. The study outcomes included synechia, granulations, hemostasis, crusting scores, and infection...
November 4, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
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