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American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281440/monoclonal-antibody-therapy-in-sinonasal-disease
#1
S E Chiarella, H Sy, A T Peters
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects 12.5% of the U.S. POPULATION: CRS can be divided into CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and CRS without nasal polyps. Some individuals with CRSwNP do not respond to standard-of-care medical and surgical management. For these individuals, targeted biologic agentsare emerging as an important therapeutic alternative. In this review, we described the most-relevant studies that addressed the use of anti-immunoglobulin E (omalizumab), anti-interleukin 5 (mepolizumab and reslizumab), and anti-interleukin 4/interleukin 13 (dupilumab) monoclonal antibodies for the treatment of CRSwNP...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401852/t-helper-type-1-t-helper-type-2-shift-and-nasal-remodeling-after-fine-particulate-matter-exposure-in-a-rat-model-of-allergic-rhinitis
#2
Zhi-Qiang Guo, Wei-Yang Dong, Jian Xu, Zhi-Cong Hong, Ren-Wu Zhao, Cong-Rui Deng, Guo-Shun Zhuang, Ru-Xin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Exposure to fine particulate matter (particulate matter ≤2.5 μm [PM2.5]) increases the risk of allergic rhinitis (AR), but the underlying mechanisms remains unclear. Thus, we investigated the roles of T-helper (Th)1-Th2 cytokines and nasal remodeling after ambient PM2.5 exposure in a rat model of AR. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into six groups: a negative control group, a group of healthy rats exposed to 3000 μg/m3 PM2.5, an ovalbumin (OVA) induced AR model, and three PM2...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490410/recurrence-of-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma-following-surgical-approach-a-meta-analysis
#3
Ronald G Amedee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490409/endoscopic-guided-coblation-treatment-of-nasal-telangiectasias-in-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-how-i-do-it
#4
David M Poetker
INTRODUCTION: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disease that leads to frequent epistaxis. It can have a significant impact on quality of life. Many reports exist regarding various therapies to address the epistaxis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We presented our technique for addressing the epistaxis associated with HHT. RESULTS: Patients are treated in the operating room while they are under general anesthesia...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490408/endoscopic-resection-of-sinonasal-mucosal-melanoma-has-comparable-outcomes-to-open-approaches
#5
Amar Miglani, Samir H Patel, Heidi E Kosiorek, Michael L Hinni, Richard E Hayden, Devyani Lal
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic endonasal resection (EER) of sinonasal mucosal melanoma (SMM) is a newer surgical alternative to traditional external and/or open resection (OR). Studies on long-term outcomes are necessary to validate EER for this aggressive sinonasal malignancy. OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of EER versus OR in SMM. METHODS: A case series of patients who underwent surgical resection of SMM at a tertiary-care institution (2000-2015) was studied retrospectively...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490407/the-application-of-a-free-nasal-floor-mucoperiosteal-graft-in-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#6
Anali Dadgostar, Christopher Okpaleke, Fahad Al-Asousi, Amin Javer
BACKGROUND: Numerous reconstructive techniques and materials have been reported for repair of skull base defects, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, and coverage of denuded bone, including pedicled vascularized flaps and free mucosal grafts. OBJECTIVE: This study described our technique of harvesting and transferring a free nasal floor mucoperiosteal graft and discussed our experience with the application of this technique. METHODS: A retrospective review of 19 patients (mean age, 53...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490406/closure-of-nasal-septal-perforations-with-a-polydioxanone-plate-and-temporoparietal-fascia-in-a-closed-approach
#7
Lorenz Epprecht, Christoph Schlegel, David Holzmann, Michael Soyka, Thomas Kaufmann
BACKGROUND: Septal perforation closure is still often invasive and complex, with relatively low closure rates. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide the first results of a case series of 20 patients with nasal septal perforations who underwent septal perforation repair by both an open and a minimally invasive technique by using a graft that consisted of temporoparietal fascia and a polydioxanone (PDS) plate without mucosal flaps. Between 2014 and 2016, we tested, for the first time, the feasibility of the insertion of this graft via a hemitransfixion incision at our institution...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490405/utility-of-early-postoperative-imaging-after-combined-endoscopic-and-open-ventral-skull-base-surgery
#8
Zachary S Mendelson, Kristen A Echanique, Meghan M Crippen, Alejandro Vazquez, James K Liu, Jean Anderson Eloy
PURPOSE: Immediate postoperative imaging is frequently obtained after combined skull base surgery (SBS) with endoscopic endonasal and open transcranial approaches. The importance of early postoperative imaging for detecting complications in these patients is still debatable. In this study, we investigated the clinical utility of early postoperative imaging after combined SBS for determination of postoperative complications. METHODS: A retrospective chart analysis of 21 cases of combined SBS between 2009 and 2015 was performed...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490404/causes-of-dacryocystorhinostomy-failure-external-versus-endoscopic-approach
#9
Giant C Lin, Christopher D Brook, Mark P Hatton, Ralph Metson
OBJECTIVES: To compare the causes of failure between external and endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) techniques for the treatment of lacrimal obstruction. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. METHODS: The study population consisted of 53 consecutive patients who underwent revision endoscopic DCR from 2002 to 2013 for lacrimal duct obstruction. Identified causes of previous DCR failure were compared between patients whose initial surgery was performed through an external versus an endoscopic approach...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490403/effects-of-changes-in-nasal-volume-on-voice-in-patients-after-endoscopic-endonasal-transsphenoidal-surgery
#10
Do Hyun Kim, Yong-Kil Hong, Sin-Soo Jeun, Jae-Sung Park, Soo Whan Kim, Jin Hee Cho, Yong Jin Park, Hyuck Jae Lee, Yeon-Shin Hwang, Sung Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a potential correlation between changes in voice and changes in nasal volume. METHODS: The endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETSA) was performed on 120 patients between February 2009 and August 2016 by using the bilateral modified nasoseptal rescue flaps method. All the patients were subjected to pre- and postoperative paranasal computed tomography (CT) and voice evaluations by using acoustic analyses, a nasometer to measure the nasalance, and determination of the voice handicap index (VHI)...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490402/international-frontal-sinus-anatomy-classification-and-anatomic-predictors-of-low-lying-anterior-ethmoidal-arteries
#11
Phayvanh P Sjogren, Rajendra Waghela, Shaelene Ashby, Richard H Wiggins, Richard R Orlandi, Jeremiah A Alt
BACKGROUND: The International Frontal Sinus Anatomy Classification (IFAC) was introduced to more accurately characterize ethmoid and frontal sinus pneumatization patterns. The prevalence of IFAC cells and their anatomic associations have not been described. OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine the prevalence of IFAC cells and determine radiologic features associated with a low-lying anterior ethmoidal artery (LAEA). METHODS: Imaging of adult patients who underwent computed tomographies from January 2015 to March 2016 were retrospectively reviewed by using the IFAC classification...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490401/immunopathologic-characteristics-of-nasal-polyps-in-adult-koreans-a-single-center-study
#12
Seung-Heon Shin, Yee-Hyuk Kim, Mi-Kyung Ye, Sung-Yong Choi
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (NP) (CRSwNP) is classified into eosinophilic and noneosinophilic types based on the level of tissue eosinophilia. The immunopathologic features of Western and Asian CRSwNP differ. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the immunopathologic characteristics of Korean patients with eosinophilic NP versus noneosinophilic NP and those with atopic NP versus nonatopic NP. METHODS: Tissue samples were collected from 81 patients with NP and 24 controls...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490400/association-of-pediatric-allergic-rhinitis-with-the-ratings-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Bohai Feng, Haiyong Jin, Haijie Xiang, Bangliang Li, Xiuxiu Zheng, Ruru Chen, Yunbin Shi, Si Chen, Bobei Chen
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is currently the most prevalent allergic disease in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Surveys conducted by population-based studies of East Asia revealed an increased prevalence of behavioral disorders in patients with AR. Thus, in this study, we explored the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in pediatric patients with AR. METHODS: A total of 333 children (6-12 years of age) with AR and a total of 322 age-matched controls were included in this study...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490399/specific-immunoglobulin-e-and-immunoglobulin-g4-toward-major-allergens-of-house-dust-mite-during-allergen-specific-immunotherapy
#14
Jianjun Chen, Yue Zhou, Yanjun Wang, Yiwu Zheng, Xuxin Lai, Emma Westermann-Clark, Seong H Cho, Weijia Kong
BACKGROUND: Specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) and sIgG4 to house-dust mite (HDM) major allergens during allergen immunotherapy (AIT) and their clinical relevance remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the variation of sIgE and sIgG4 to HDM major allergens and the correlation with clinical responses during AIT in patients with allergic rhinitis. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with HDM allergy were divided into the AIT group (taking immunotherapy) and the control group (medication only use)...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490398/the-microscope-and-the-endoscope
#15
Satish Govindaraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452712/low-22-item-sinonasal-outcome-test-scores-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-why-do-patients-seek-treatment
#16
Ronald G Amedee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452711/office-based-rhinologic-surgery-a-modern-experience-with-operative-techniques-under-local-anesthetic
#17
John R Scott, Leigh J Sowerby, Brian W Rotenberg
BACKGROUND: Office-based rhinologic procedures have become popularized in recent years with the advent of several minimally invasive techniques. There is a paucity of literature, however, that supports more robust in-clinic procedures, e.g., true endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). There is a high volume of this work being done at our center, and the objective of this article was to review the safety and tolerability of in-clinic surgeries. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452710/excavating-meningoencephaloceles-a-newly-recognized-entity
#18
Patricia A Loftus, Sarah K Wise, Pedram Daraei, Kristen Baugnon, John M DelGaudio
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks are largely attributed to idiopathic intracranial hypertension and typically present as skull base defects with or without prolapse of intracranial contents. However, in our practice, we have encountered a distinct type of spontaneous CSF leak that presents in a different manner. OBJECTIVE: To discuss a newly-classified, difficult to treat, subset of spontaneous CSF leaks that present as excavation of the bone of the skull base in a tunnel- or canal-like fashion by a meningocele or meningoencephalocele instead of as a localized area of bony dehiscence...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452709/the-use-of-polydioxanone-plates-for-endoscopic-skull-base-repair
#19
Fahad Al-Asousi, Christopher Okpaleke, Anali Dadgostar, Amin Javer
BACKGROUND: Many reconstructive techniques and materials have been reported for repair of skull base defects after sinonasal tumor excision, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, and coverage of denuded bone. Synthetic materials have been developed for endoscopic skull base repair to avoid donor-site morbidity. Polydioxanone plate is a bioabsorbable implant designed for nasal septal reconstruction and has the ability to retain strength for at least 10 weeks and absorbs in 6 months. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the use of polydioxanone plates in endoscopic skull base defect and CSF leak repair, and to describe our experience with the surgical technique and postoperative management...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452708/evolution-of-sinonasal-symptoms-and-mucosal-healing-after-minimally-invasive-pituitary-surgery
#20
Shiven Chaudhry, Sharang Chaudhry, Talha Qureshi, Pete S Batra
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive pituitary surgery (MIPS) via endoscopy has become widely accepted as the surgical paradigm of choice for pituitary pathology. The objective of the current study was to analyze the evolution of symptom scores and mucosal healing after MIPS. METHODS: The 22-item Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) scores and objective endoscopic data of 52 patients were reviewed in a longitudinal manner. Scaled averages of the SNOT-22 and endoscopic scores from different time points were compared with baseline scores by using nonparametric testing...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
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