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American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927491/effectiveness-of-intranasal-sodium-hyaluronate-in-mitigating-adverse-effects-of-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in moderate-to-severe cases of obstructive sleep apnea cancause nasal discomfort and other undesirable problems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to test the effects of sodium hyaluronate on nasal problems that patients experienced in their daily lives, sleepiness, nasal resistance to airflow, nasal mucociliary clearance, changes in inflammatory markers, and compliance to CPAP in three groups of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome on CPAP therapy...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927489/role-of-exhaled-nasal-nitric-oxide-in-distinguishing-between-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-and-without-nasal-polyps
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) nasal polypsis a global health concern. Several clinical biomarkers, such as inhaled carbon monoxide and exhaled nitric oxide (NO), have been studied to assess the presence and degree of inflammation in the airway mucosa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical application of exhaled nasal NO (nNO) in distinguishing between CRSwNP and CRSsNP in consideration of the atopic status of patients...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859714/utility-of-intraoperative-frozen-sections-in-surgical-decision-making-for-acute-invasive-fungal-rhinosinusitis
#3
Ronald G Amedee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859713/draf-iii-frontal-sinus-surgery-how-i-do-it
#4
A Simon Carney
BACKGROUND: The Draf III approach to the frontal sinus can be used during revision endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis and to provide access for tumor resection, mucoceles, and repair of cerebrospinal fluid leaks. OBJECTIVE: To describe a simple and safe way to perform a Draf III approach by using the "outside-in" approach. METHODS: By using a 0° endoscope and a single 15°, 5-mm, coarse diamond burr, the main steps of the procedure are the following: (1) elevation of the mucosal flaps and creation of the septal window, (2) drilling out the frontal beak, (3) creation of neo-ostium and removal of the interfrontal septum, (4) joining the neo-ostium with the frontal recesses, (5) smoothing off the cavity and lowering of the "frontal T," and (6) use of mucosal flaps and grafts to cover exposed bone...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859712/long-term-olfactory-outcome-after-nasoseptal-flap-reconstructions-in-midline-skull-base-surgery
#5
Michael B Soyka, Carlo Serra, Luca Regli, Eva Meier, David Holzmann
BACKGROUND: The nasoseptal flap (NSF) is a universally used surgical technique to cover defects of the skull base after extended sinonasal surgery. Long-term follow-up of complications, sequelae, and smell function is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to investigate monorhinal olfaction after transsphenoidal skull base surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent skull base surgery for midline lesions (craniopharyngioma and pituitary tumors) by using a NSF, also referred to as the Haddad flap, were assessed for their long-term outcome...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859711/primary-endoscopic-endonasal-dacryocystorhinostomy-for-pediatric-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction-a-systematic-review
#6
Jeyasakthy Saniasiaya, Baharudin Abdullah, Salina Husain, De Yun Wang, Zahiruddin Wan Mohammad
BACKGROUND: Epiphora secondary to nasolacrimal duct obstruction is common in the pediatric age group. The mainstay treatment among these young patients has been conservative. Once epiphora becomes recalcitrant, however, an external or an endonasal approach is considered. OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EDCR) entails creating an opening from the lacrimal sac directly into the nasal cavity to counteract nasolacrimal duct obstruction. We reviewed the literature to determine the effectiveness and the safety of primary EDCR to treat pediatric nasolacrimal duct obstruction...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859710/the-effect-of-closed-septorhinoplasty-on-nasal-functions-and-on-external-and-internal-nasal-valves-a-prospective-study
#7
Giancarlo Pecorari, Giuseppe Riva, Francesca Antonella Bianchi, Giovanni Cavallo, Francesca Revello, Marco Bironzo, Laura Verzè, Massimiliano Garzaro, Guglielmo Ramieri
BACKGROUND: Because nasal function and shape are so closely intertwined, quantitative assessments can better define their relationship and how they are affected by septorhinoplasty. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective study was to perform an analysis of the nasal airflow resistances and a three-dimensional (3D) evaluation of the soft-tissue changes after closed septorhinoplasty. METHODS: Before surgery (T0) and 6 months after closed septorhinoplasty (T1), 30 patients underwent symptoms evaluation by means of the Italian version of the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation scale, endoscopic fiberoptic nasal examination, and visual analog scale for subjective assessment of nasal obstruction...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859709/erratum
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859708/the-effect-of-olfactory-training-on-the-odor-threshold-in-patients-with-traumatic-anosmia
#9
Rong-San Jiang, Chih-Wen Twu, Kai-Li Liang
BACKGROUND: Olfactory training is a novel intervention that has been used to treat olfactory dysfunction. This study attempted to investigate the effect of olfactory training in patients with traumatic anosmia. METHODS: Patients with a clear history of anosmia after experiencing a head injury and whose phenyl ethyl alcohol (PEA) odor detection thresholds were -1 after steroid and zinc treatment were included. The patients were randomly divided into two groups, with patients in one group given a bottle of PEA and those in another group given a bottle of mineral oil for 3-month olfactory training...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859707/quality-of-life-outcomes-in-patients-who-underwent-subcutaneous-immunotherapy-and-sublingual-immunotherapy-in-a-real-world-clinical-setting
#10
Theresa Schwanke, Eugene Carragee, Maria Bremberg, William R Reisacher
OBJECTIVE: To compare changes in quality of life (QOL) that resulted from sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) and subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) in a real-world clinical setting. BACKGROUND: SLIT is established as a viable alternative to SCIT for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Although comparative trials are increasingly available, few studies have examined QOL outcomes between these two treatments. METHODS: One hundred and five participants who underwent immunotherapy for airborne allergies were enrolled in this prospective, single-center study...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859706/outcomes-of-sinonasal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-and-without-association-of-inverted-papilloma-a-multi-institutional-analysis
#11
Brian C Lobo, Brian D'Anza, Janice L Farlow, Dennis Tang, Troy D Woodard, Jonathan Y Ting, Raj Sindwani
INTRODUCTION: Sinonasal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) accounts for <1% of all malignancies but represents 70% of sinonasal cancer. Up to 10% of SCCs are associated with inverted papilloma (IPSCC). Studies that compare patients, treatment, and outcomes of SCC and IPSCC are absent in the literature. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with SCC and those with IPSCC at Cleveland Clinic and Indiana University from 1995 to 2015. The records were analyzed for demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment, and outcomes...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859705/immunoglobulin-g4-sinusitis-in-association-with-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#12
Kirti Johal, Kevin Welch, Anju Peters
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) related disease is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by tumor-like tissue infiltration with IgG4 positive (IgG4+) plasma cells. Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is defined as asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis, and hypersensitivity to cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitors. OBJECTIVE: We described a case of a non-smoking 61-year-old male with prior NSAID sensitivity who presented with a 1-year history of left eye proptosis associated with chronic nasal symptoms, ultimately identified as concurrent AERD and IgG4 sinusitis...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859704/an-update-on-the-epidemiology-of-aspirin-exacerbated-respiratory-disease
#13
Andrew A White
BACKGROUND: Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is a disorder of nasal polyposis, asthma, and hypersensitivity respiratory reactions when on systemic cyclooxygenase 1 blockade. METHODS: AERD warrants specific evaluation as an endotype of asthma and chronic sinus disease due to unique therapeutic opportunities. Currently, aspirin therapy is uniquely beneficial as an anti-inflammatory therapy in AERD, with multiple additional therapies currently in early to late clinical studies, which might also show exceptional benefit in AERD...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859703/sinus-bacteriology-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis-or-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-a-systematic-review
#14
Maria E Møller, Mikkel C Alanin, Christian Grønhøj, Kasper Aanæs, Niels Høiby, Christian von Buchwald
BACKGROUND: A correlation exists between the microbial flora of the upper and lower airways in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) or with primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). The sinuses can function as a bacterial reservoir where gram-negative bacteria adapt to the airways and repeatedly are aspirated to and colonize the lungs according to the theory of the united (unified) airways. Whereas the pattern of bacterial flora in the lower airways has been extensively studied, the upper airways have drawn limited attention...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859702/promotion-of-olfactory-receptor-neuron-differentiation-of-olfactory-neuroepithelial-cells-by-using-chitosan-solution
#15
Sheng-Tien Li, Tai-Horng Young, Chih-Feng Lin, Tsung-Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Olfactory dysfunction significantly influences patients' quality of life. Chitosan has been reported to support neuron and Schwann cell growth and even leads to orient axonal growth. However, researchers have yet to explore whether chitosan solution can promote differentiation of olfactory receptor neurons of the olfactory neuroepithelium and be used for treating olfactory dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of chitosan solution on the differentiation of olfactory neuroepithelial cells...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859701/rna-sequencing-and-pathway-analysis-identify-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-driven-small-proline-rich-protein-dysregulation-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#16
Vijay R Ramakrishnan, Joseph R Gonzalez, Sarah E Cooper, Henry P Barham, Catherine B Anderson, Eric D Larson, Carlyne D Cool, John D Diller, Kenneth Jones, Sue C Kinnamon
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogeneous inflammatory disorder in which many pathways contribute to end-organ disease. Small proline-rich proteins (SPRR) are polypeptides that have recently been shown to contribute to epithelial biomechanical properties relevant in T-helper type 2 inflammation. There is evidence that genetic polymorphism in SPRR genes may predict the development of asthma in children with atopy and, correlatively, that expression of SPRRs is increased under allergic conditions, which leads to epithelial barrier dysfunction in atopic disease...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859700/expanding-our-research-horizons
#17
Tanya M Laidlaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716181/prevalence-of-polyp-recurrence-after-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyposis
#18
Ronald G Amedee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716180/endoscopic-septoplasty-how-i-do-it
#19
Rakesh K Chandra
BACKGROUND: Multiple methods exist for nasal septoplasty. Proliferation of endoscopic technology has broadened these options. METHODS: Technical description of two techniques for endoscopic septoplasty. RESULTS: The endoscope can be utilized for visualization under the flaps after, a Killian or hemitransfixion incision, to address broad-based convexities.Endoscopic visualization is also useful when resecting focal spurs, with the incision placed directly over the spur apex...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716179/surgical-treatment-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-after-sinus-lift
#20
Nicole Tin-Lok Jiam, Andrew N Goldberg, Andrew H Murr, Steven D Pletcher
BACKGROUND: The sinus lift (or sinus augmentation) is a common procedure to improve maxillary bone stock before dental implantation. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a potential complication of this procedure and may be refractory to medical treatment. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has previously been used to address CRS, however, results of previous studies indicated that implant removal is required. There are limited follow-up data available. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the long-term outcomes and efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery for refractory CRS after sinus lift, including the ability to salvage dental implants...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
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