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Japanese Journal of Radiology

Kanako K Kumamaru, Akihiro Machitori, Ritsuko Koba, Shinpei Ijichi, Yasuo Nakajima, Shigeki Aoki
PURPOSE: To investigate the global variation in radiologist potential workload for CT and MRI examinations, and the regional variation in potential workload and extent of radiologists' involvement in CT and MRI examinations in Japan. METHODS: "Radiologist potential workload" was defined as the annual number of CT plus MRI examinations divided by the total number of diagnostic radiologists. The extent of radiologists' involvement was measured as the proportion of CT and MRI examinations to which "Added-fees for Radiological Managements on Imaging-studies (ARMIs)" were applied among eligible examinations...
February 16, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Yudai Asano, Akihiro Tada, Takayoshi Shinya, Yoshihisa Masaoka, Toshihiro Iguchi, Shuhei Sato, Susumu Kanazawa
PURPOSE: The quality of images acquired using single-energy metal artifact reduction (SEMAR) on helical lung computed tomography (CT) in patients with pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) after coil embolization was retrospectively evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT images were reconstructed with and without SEMAR. Twenty-seven lesions [20 patients (2 males, 18 females), mean age 61.2 ± 11.0 years; number of embolization coils, 9.8 ± 5.0] on contrast-enhanced CT and 18 lesions of non-enhanced lung CT concurrently performed were evaluated...
February 10, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Motoi Shiotani, Takeshi Higuchi, Norihiko Yoshimura, Takao Kiguchi, Naoya Takahashi, Haruo Maeda, Hidefumi Aoyama
In the original publication of the article, the seventh author name was incorrectly published as Hidehumi Aoyama. The correct author name should read as Hidefumi Aoyama.
January 30, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Hitomi Iwasa, Yoriko Murata, Miki Nishimori, Kana Miyatake, Michiko Tadokoro, Shino Kohsaki, Munenobu Nogami, Yusuke Ueba, Tetsuya Ueba, Takuji Yamagami
PURPOSE: To evaluate reduced metabolism in the ipsilateral thalamus (TH) and/or contralateral cerebellum (CE) according to tumor localization and cortical metabolism around the tumor in patients with brain tumors based on FDG uptake. METHODS: This study investigated 48 consecutive patients with solitary cerebral hemisphere parenchymal brain tumors who underwent PET/CT and MRI. Patients were divided into 4 groups (A: reduced uptake in ipsilateral TH and contralateral CE, B: reduced uptake in ipsilateral TH only, C: reduced uptake in contralateral CE only, and D: no reduced uptake in ipsilateral TH or contralateral CE)...
January 25, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Chia-Hung Chen, Wei-Ming Huang, Shih-Hsuan Liang, Zong-Yi Jhou, Chien-Wen Chen, Yu-Chan Chien, Hui-Chen Lin, Chih-Hsin Wang, Chun-Chao Huang, Wei-Ni Liao, Chung-Yao Huang
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether traversal through the central part of a pulmonary lesion by a biopsy needle, and other factors, increases the risk of hemoptysis in patients undergoing CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2012 to November 2016, 227 patients undergoing 233 procedures were recruited as our study population. Patients were classified according to the occurrence of hemoptysis. Radiological assessments were performed by reviewing multiplanar reconstructed CT images...
January 19, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Masahiro Kurozumi, Yasunari Fujinaga, Yoshihiro Kitou, Akira Yamada, Ayumi Ohya, Yasuo Adachi, Yoshinori Tsukahara, Marcel D Nickel, Katsuya Maruyama, Takeshi Uehara, Shin-Ichi Miyagawa, Masumi Kadoya
PURPOSE: To compare the visualization of hemodynamic imaging findings of hypervascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) using radial volumetric imaging breath-hold examination with k-space-weighted image contrast reconstruction (r-VIBE-KWIC) versus dynamic computed tomography during hepatic arteriography (dyn-CTHA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the databases of preoperative DCE-MRI using r-VIBE-KWIC, dyn-CTHA, and postoperative pathology of resected specimens...
January 11, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Motoo Nakagawa, Yoshiyuki Ozawa, Norikazu Nomura, Sachiko Inukai, Ayano Shiba, Keita Sakurai, Masashi Shimohira, Yuta Shibamoto
PURPOSE: Children with congenital heart diseases (CHDs) may need to be followed up with contrast-enhanced CT following the Fontan operation because complications such as the occlusion of conduits may occur. The purpose of the present study was to develop an adequate contrast-enhanced CT protocol for children with CHD following the Fontan operation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2012 and July 2017, 29 CT examinations for 26 patients aged 2-11 years (median 5 years) with CHD following the Fontan operation were performed using dual-source CT...
January 11, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Tatsunori Asada, Takayuki Yamada, Yoshihide Kanemaki, Keishi Fujiwara, Satoko Okamoto, Yasuo Nakajima
PURPOSE: To analyze the association of breast non-mass enhancement descriptors in the BI-RADS 5th edition with malignancy, and to establish a grading system and categorization of descriptors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by our institutional review board. A total of 213 patients were enrolled. Breast MRI was performed with a 1.5-T MRI scanner using a 16-channel breast radiofrequency coil. Two radiologists determined internal enhancement and distribution of non-mass enhancement by consensus...
December 29, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Ying-Chieh Lai, Cheng-Hsien Wu, Huan-Wu Chen, Li-Jen Wang, Yon-Cheong Wong
PURPOSE: To determine predictors of active angiographic hemorrhage in pelvic fracture patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 66 trauma patients who had major hemorrhages due to pelvic fractures, and who underwent pelvic angiography between January 2012 and December 2014. The study population comprised 31 males and 35 females (mean age 44.2 ± 20.7 years). The main outcome was active hemorrhage on pelvic angiography. Clinical and imaging variables including demographics, hemodynamic parameters, injury severity, types of pelvic fracture, laboratory data, blood transfusions and CT findings were analyzed...
December 27, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Fumihiro Tsubaki, Seiji Kurata, Junichi Tani, Akiko Sumi, Kiminori Fujimoto, Toshi Abe
In the diagnosis and staging of oncologic patients, [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is well recognized as an important functional imaging modality. FDG-PET also has been used for cancer screening in healthy individuals. In general, the normal thyroid gland shows absent or low uptake on FDG-PET, which is often identified as an incidental finding on PET. Today, thyroid FDG uptake can be seen in three patterns: diffuse; focal; and diffuse-plus-focal. Diffuse thyroid uptake is mainly considered an indicator of chronic thyroiditis...
December 27, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Elsadig E A Elmaki, Tao Gong, D Menene Nkonika, Guangbin Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) levels in the left basal ganglia (BG) of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) to those of healthy control (HC) volunteers using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H MRS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The GABA+ signal-the composite signal from GABA, macromolecules (MMs), and homocarnosine-was detected. GABA+ levels were examined in 21 PD patients and 15 age- and sex-matched HCs. 3T-1H-MRS using the Mescher-Garwood point-resolved spectroscopy (MEGA-PRESS) sequence was performed in order to detect GABA+ levels in the left BG, and the spectra were processed using the Gannet software...
December 26, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Takuya Yagi, Motohiko Yamazaki, Riuko Ohashi, Rei Ogawa, Hiroyuki Ishikawa, Norihiko Yoshimura, Masanori Tsuchida, Yoichi Ajioka, Hidefumi Aoyama
PURPOSE: To distinguish between adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS)-minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) and invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) showing pure or part-solid ground-glass nodules (GGNs) by high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) texture analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 101 consecutive patients with 115 pure or part-solid GGNs ≤ 3 cm diameter, which were surgically resected and pathologically diagnosed with AIS, MIA, or IAC (48 AIS-MIA and 67 IAC) between April 2011 and March 2015...
December 22, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Tae Iwasawa, Tamiko Takemura, Takashi Ogura
Smoking-related lung abnormalities are now an increasing public health concern. According to the findings of large-cohort studies, approximately 8% of smokers have interstitial lung abnormalities, which are associated with a relatively high risk of all-cause mortality. We reviewed the radiological and pathological findings of smoking-related interstitial lung diseases, such as respiratory bronchiolitis-interstitial lung disease, desquamative interstitial pneumonia, and airspace enlargement with fibrosis. We have also discussed the histological basis of unclassifiable interstitial pneumonia in smokers, which exhibits airway-centered cystic lesions with fibrosis...
December 15, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Yoshimitsu Ohgiya, Noritaka Seino, Shingo Miyamoto, Nobuyuki Takeyama, Kumi Hatano, Jiro Munechika, Kumiko Ishizuka, Masanori Hirose, Nobuyuki Ohike, Toshi Hashimoto, Akihiko Sekizawa, Takehiko Gokan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of computed tomographic (CT) features for identifying acute torsion of uterine subserosal leiomyoma (USL). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed contrast-enhanced CT examinations of 7 USLs with torsion and 44 USLs without torsion. Two radiologists evaluated the CT features, which consisted of poor contrast enhancement inside the USL, thin rim enhancement around the USL, calcification within the USL, a beak sign between the uterus and USL, fan-shaped poor contrast enhancement in the uterus area adjacent to the USL (dark fan sign), and ascites...
December 9, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Noriyuki Tomiyama, Kei Yamada, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Hiroshi Honda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Kaan Esen, Anil Ozgur, Yuksel Balci, Sermin Tok, Engin Kara
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anatomical variations in the origins of the thyroid arteries on CT angiography images. METHODS: The presence and the origins of the superior thyroid artery, the inferior thyroid artery, and the thyroidea ima artery were retrospectively evaluated based on carotid CT angiography examinations. The bifurcation level of the common carotid artery with respect to the cervical vertebrae and disc spaces was also determined. A total of 640 patients were included in the study...
December 4, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Shunji Mugikura, Hirokazu Kikuchi, Miki Fujimura, Etsuro Mori, Shoki Takahashi, Kei Takase
Since the 1950s, amnesia or memory impairment has been repeatedly reported in patients following surgical repair of anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms. Postoperative infarctions following surgical repair of ACoA aneurysms are classified as involvement of the subcallosal artery (the largest unpaired perforator of the ACoA), the recurrent artery of Heubner (RAH), or a combination of both. Postoperative amnesia can seriously affect the patient's quality of life, thus prompting physicians to discuss the symptomatology of the three infarction patterns...
November 23, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Yuko Iraha, Masahiro Okada, Masafumi Toguchi, Kimei Azama, Keiko Mekaru, Tadatsugu Kinjo, Wataru Kudaka, Yoichi Aoki, Hajime Aoyama, Akiko Matsuzaki, Sadayuki Murayama
Secondary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and postabortion hemorrhage are rare complications. Retained products of conception (RPOC) is among the most common causes of both secondary PPH and postabortion hemorrhage. Other less common causes of secondary PPH are uterine vascular abnormalities such as arteriovenous malformations and pseudoaneurysms. These are usually related to a history of a procedure such as dilation and curettage or cesarean delivery. Subinvolution of the placental site is an idiopathic cause of secondary PPH; this condition may be underrecognized and therefore could have a higher incidence than currently reported...
January 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Tomoko Maekawa, Noriko Sato, Miho Ota, Atsuhiko Sugiyama, Daichi Sone, Mikako Enokizono, Yukio Kimura, Youhei Mukai, Miho Murata, Harumasa Takano, Etsuko Imabayashi, Hiroshi Matsuda, Akira Kunimatsu, Osamu Abe
PURPOSE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is caused by a selective degeneration of dopamine neurons. The relationship between dopamine transporter (DAT) density and gray matter volume has been unclear. Here we investigated the voxelwise correlation between gray matter volume and DAT binding measured by 123I-N-ω-fluoropropyl-2β-carboxymethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)nortropane (123I-FP-CIT) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT; DaTscan™ imaging) in PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one male patients with PD were examined with MRI and DaTscan...
December 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Wataru Yamashita, Kenji Nishida, Shuichi Kawada, Kouichi Mori, Shinsuke Usui, Jun Oyama, Akira Toriihara, Ukihide Tateishi
PURPOSE: To clarify typical diagnostic computed tomography (CT) findings of Petersen's hernia for differentiation from other causes of internal hernia observed in patients having undergone gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed CT findings of internal hernia in patients who had undergone both gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y reconstruction and a second surgery for bowel obstruction. Thirteen patients with Petersen's hernia and 6 with internal hernia other than Petersen's hernia were investigated...
December 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
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