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Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237748/peer-review-of-a-manuscript-submission-a-how-to-guide-for-effective-and-efficient-commentary
#1
Larry A Allen, P Michael Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237747/coronary-chronic-total-occlusions-time-to-abandon-a-culture-of-therapeutic-nihilism
#2
EDITORIAL
Gabby Elbaz-Greener, Harindra C Wijeysundera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237746/impact-of-telemonitoring-on-health-status
#3
Natalie M Jayaram, Yevgeniy Khariton, Harlan M Krumholz, Sarwat I Chaudhry, Jennifer Mattera, Fengming Tang, Jeph Herrin, Beth Hodshon, John A Spertus
BACKGROUND: Although noninvasive telemonitoring in patients with heart failure does not reduce mortality or hospitalizations, less is known about its effect on health status. This study reports the results of a randomized clinical trial of telemonitoring on health status in patients with heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 1521 patients with recent heart failure hospitalization randomized in the Tele-HF trial (Telemonitoring to Improve Heart Failure Outcomes), 756 received telephonic monitoring and 765 usual care...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237745/dyspnea-among-patients-with-chronic-total-occlusions-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-prevalence-and-predictors-of-improvement
#4
Mohammed Qintar, J Aaron Grantham, James Sapontis, Kensey L Gosch, William Lombardi, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Jeffery Moses, Adam C Salisbury, David J Cohen, John A Spertus, Suzanne V Arnold
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is a common angina equivalent that adversely affects quality of life, but its prevalence in patients with chronic total occlusions (CTOs) and predictors of its improvement after CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are unknown. We examined the prevalence of dyspnea and predictors of its improvement among patients selected for CTO PCI. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the OPEN CTO registry (Outcomes, Patient health status, and Efficiency iN Chronic Total Occlusion) of 12 US experienced centers, 987 patients undergoing CTO PCI (procedure success 82%) were assessed for dyspnea with the Rose Dyspnea Scale at baseline and 1 month after CTO PCI...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237744/change-in-cognitive-function-in-the-month-after-hospitalization-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-findings-from-trace-core-transition-risks-and-actions-in-coronary-events-center-for-outcomes-research-and-education
#5
Jane S Saczynski, David D McManus, Molly E Waring, Darleen Lessard, Milena D Anatchkova, Jerry H Gurwitz, Jeroan Allison, Arlene S Ash, Richard H McManus, David C Parish, Robert J Goldberg, Catarina I Kiefe
BACKGROUND: Cognitive function is often impaired during hospitalization, but whether this impairment resolves or persists after discharge is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled (April 2011-May 2013) and interviewed during hospitalization and 1-month post-discharge 1521 nondemented acute coronary syndrome survivors enrolled in TRACE (Transitions, Risks and Actions in Coronary Events). Cognitive function was assessed using the Telephone Interview of Cognitive Status (range: 0-41) at both time points...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222164/cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-in-heart-failure-do-evidence-based-guidelines-follow-the-evidence
#6
Nisha D Almeida, Eva Suarthana, Nandini Dendukuri, James M Brophy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217676/improvements-in-outcomes-and-disparities-of-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-care-the-miami-dade-county-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-network-project
#7
Abdulla A Damluji, Robert J Myerburg, Vasutakarn Chongthammakun, Theodore Feldman, Donald G Rosenberg, Kathleen S Schrank, Frederick M Keroff, Marc Grossman, Mauricio G Cohen, Mauro Moscucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217675/ten-year-mortality-in-the-wise-study-women-s-ischemia-syndrome-evaluation
#8
Tanya S Kenkre, Pankaj Malhotra, B Delia Johnson, Eileen M Handberg, Diane V Thompson, Oscar C Marroquin, William J Rogers, Carl J Pepine, C Noel Bairey Merz, Sheryl F Kelsey
BACKGROUND: The WISE study (Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation) was a prospective cohort study of 936 clinically stable symptomatic women who underwent coronary angiography to evaluate symptoms and signs of ischemia. Long-term mortality data for such women are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: Obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) was defined as ≥50% stenosis on angiography by core laboratory. We conducted a National Death Index search to assess the mortality of women who were alive at their final WISE contact date...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158422/global-health-and-circulation-cardiovascular-quality-outcomes
#9
Brahmajee K Nallamothu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158421/urban-rural-comparisons-in-hospital-admission-treatments-and-outcomes-for-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-china-from-2001-to-2011-a-retrospective-analysis-from-the-china-peace-study-patient-centered-evaluative-assessment-of-cardiac-events
#10
Xi Li, Karthik Murugiah, Jing Li, Frederick A Masoudi, Paul S Chan, Shuang Hu, John A Spertus, Yongfei Wang, Nicholas S Downing, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang
BACKGROUND: In response to urban-rural disparities in healthcare resources, China recently launched a healthcare reform with a focus on improving rural care during the past decade. However, nationally representative studies comparing medical care and patient outcomes between urban and rural areas in China during this period are not available. METHODS AND RESULTS: We created a nationally representative sample of patients in China admitted for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction in 2001, 2006, and 2011, using a 2-stage random sampling design in 2 urban and 3 rural strata...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150537/incremental-value-of-repeated-risk-factor-measurements-for-cardiovascular-disease-prediction-in-middle-aged-korean-adults-results-from-the-nhis-heals-national-health-insurance-system-national-health-screening-cohort
#11
In-Jeong Cho, Ji Min Sung, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Namsik Chung, Hyeon Chang Kim
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence suggests that repeatedly measured cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors may have an additive predictive value compared with single measured levels. Thus, we evaluated the incremental predictive value of incorporating periodic health screening data for CVD prediction in a large nationwide cohort with periodic health screening tests. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 467 708 persons aged 40 to 79 years and free from CVD were randomly divided into development (70%) and validation subcohorts (30%)...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150536/availability-sales-and-affordability-of-tobacco-cessation-medicines-in-kerala-india
#12
Smitha Sarma, Sivadasanpillai Harikrishnan, Abigail S Baldridge, Raji Devarajan, Aashna Mehta, Sakhtivel Selvaraj, Mohammed K Ali, Padinhare P Mohanan, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mark D Huffman
BACKGROUND: India is the world's second largest consumer of tobacco, but tobacco cessation remains uncommon due, at least in part, to underutilization of cessation pharmacotherapy. We evaluated the availability, sales, and affordability of nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion, and varenicline in the South Indian state of Kerala to understand potential reasons for underutilization. METHODS AND RESULTS: From November 2016 to April 2017, we collected data on availability, inventory, and pricing of cessation medication through a cross-sectional survey of 199 public, semiprivate (Karunya), and private pharmacies across 5 districts in Kerala using World Health Organization/Health Action International methodology...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150535/disparities-in-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-rural-south-africa-data-from-the-haalsi-study-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-international-network-for-the-demographic-evaluation-of-populations-and-their-health-communities
#13
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Sheridan Reiger, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Nigel J Crowther, Alisha Wade, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
BACKGROUND: Optimal secondary prevention is critical for the reduction of repeated cardiovascular events, and the control of cardiovascular risk factors in this context is essential. Data on secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in sub-Saharan Africa are needed to inform intervention strategies with a particular focus on local disparities. The aim of this study was to assess CVD management in a rural community in northeast South Africa. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited adults aged ≥40 years residing in the Agincourt subdistrict of Mpumalanga province...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150534/migration-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-ghanaian-populations-in-europe-the-rodam-study-research-on-obesity-and-diabetes-among-african-migrants
#14
Daniel Boateng, Charles Agyemang, Erik Beune, Karlijn Meeks, Liam Smeeth, Matthias Schulze, Juliet Addo, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Cecilia Galbete, Silver Bahendeka, Ina Danquah, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Frank P Mockenhaupt, Joachim Spranger, Andre P Kengne, Diederick E Grobbee, Karien Stronks, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
BACKGROUND: For migrant populations from sub-Saharan Africa, adverse cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors have been observed to be higher than found in their home country-based counterparts or among the host populations in high-income countries. Differences in absolute overall CVD risk, however, remain largely unexplained. We, therefore, predicted the differences in 10-year CVD risk among sub-Saharan African migrants (Ghanaians) living in 3 European cities and Ghana. METHODS AND RESULTS: For 3864 subjects aged 40 to 70 years from the multicenter RODAM study (Research on Obesity and Diabetes Among African Migrants) conducted among Ghanaian adults residing in rural and urban Ghana and 3 European cities (Amsterdam, Berlin, and London), 10-year risk of CVD was estimated using the Pooled Cohort Equations with estimates ≥7...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150533/disparity-between-indications-for-and-utilization-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-in-asian-patients-with-heart-failure
#15
Yvonne May Fen Chia, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Eugene S J Tan, Wan Ting Tay, A Mark Richards, Calvin Woon Loong Chin, Wataru Shimizu, Sang Weon Park, Chung-Lieh Hung, Lieng H Ling, Tachapong Ngarmukos, Razali Omar, Bambang B Siswanto, Calambur Narasimhan, Eugene B Reyes, Cheuk-Man Yu, Inder Anand, Michael R MacDonald, Jonathan Yap, Shu Zhang, Eric A Finkelstein, Carolyn S P Lam
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are lifesaving devices for patients with heart failure (HF) and reduced ejection fraction. However, utilization and determinants of ICD insertion in Asia are poorly defined. We determined the utilization, associations of ICD uptake, patient-perceived barriers to device therapy and, impact of ICDs on mortality in Asian patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using the prospective ASIAN-HF (Asian Sudden Cardiac Death in Heart Failure) registry, 5276 patients with symptomatic HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) from 11 Asian regions and across 3 income regions (high: Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan; middle: China, Malaysia, and Thailand; and low: India, Indonesia, and Philippines) were studied...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150532/looking-to-the-past-to-predict-future-outcomes-improving-cardiovascular-disease-prediction-models-using-periodic-health-screening-summary-measures
#16
EDITORIAL
Erin Cvejic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133473/evaluating-and-improving-cardiovascular-health-system-management-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
Sang Gune K Yoo, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Mark D Huffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133472/rheumatic-heart-disease-treatment-cascade-in-uganda
#18
Chris T Longenecker, Stephen R Morris, Twalib O Aliku, Andrea Beaton, Marco A Costa, Moses R Kamya, Cissy Kityo, Peter Lwabi, Grace Mirembe, Dorah Nampijja, Joselyn Rwebembera, Craig Sable, Robert A Salata, Amy Scheel, Daniel I Simon, Isaac Ssinabulya, Emmy Okello
BACKGROUND: Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a leading cause of premature death and disability in low-income countries; however, few receive optimal benzathine penicillin G (BPG) therapy to prevent disease progression. We aimed to comprehensively describe the treatment cascade for RHD in Uganda to identify appropriate targets for intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using data from the Uganda RHD Registry (n=1504), we identified the proportion of patients in the following care categories: (1) diagnosed and alive as of June 1, 2016; (2) retained in care; (3) appropriately prescribed BPG; and (4) optimally adherent to BPG (>80% of prescribed doses)...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133471/rheumatic-heart-disease-is-continuum-of-care-achievable-in-africa
#19
EDITORIAL
Ana Olga Mocumbi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133470/bridging-the-global-digital-health-divide-for-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Amitava Banerjee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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