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Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449444/frontiers-in-cardiovascular-outcomes-research
#1
Brahmajee K Nallamothu, P Michael Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449443/sex-differences-in-ischemic-heart-disease-advances-obstacles-and-next-steps
#2
Niti R Aggarwal, Hena N Patel, Laxmi S Mehta, Rupa M Sanghani, Gina P Lundberg, Sandra J Lewis, Marla A Mendelson, Malissa J Wood, Annabelle S Volgman, Jennifer H Mieres
Evolving knowledge of sex-specific presentations, improved recognition of conventional and novel risk factors, and expanded understanding of the sex-specific pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease have resulted in improved clinical outcomes in women. Yet, ischemic heart disease continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in women in the United States. The important publication by the Institute of Medicine titled "Women's Health Research-Progress, Pitfalls, and Promise," highlights the persistent disparities in cardiovascular disease burden among subgroups of women, particularly women who are socially disadvantaged because of race, ethnicity, income level, and educational attainment...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449442/design-and-rationale-of-the-ripcord-2-trial-does-routine-pressure-wire-assessment-influence-management-strategy-at-coronary-angiography-for-diagnosis-of-chest-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-compare-routine-pressure-wire-assessment-with-conventional-angiography
#3
REVIEW
Mostafa Elguindy, Rod Stables, Zoe Nicholas, Ian Kemp, Nick Curzen
BACKGROUND: Investigation of anginal chest pain has traditionally involved either assessment of the coronary anatomy by angiography or noninvasive testing for reversible ischemia. Invasive pressure wire assessment at the time of angiography offers information on both anatomy and physiology. Fractional flow reserve-guided percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with lower resource utilization and improved clinical outcome compared with angiographic guidance alone. However, the value of routine fractional flow reserve of all major coronary vessels at the time of diagnostic angiography has not been established in a randomized trial despite persuasive observational data...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444928/the-growing-burden-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-the-modern-era-a-zebra-no-more
#4
EDITORIAL
Stephen C Mathai, John J Ryan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444927/high-sensitivity-troponin-highlights-the-need-for-new-methods-to-evaluate-diagnostic-tests
#5
EDITORIAL
Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444926/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-i-and-the-diagnosis-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-with-suspected-angina-pectoris
#6
Philip D Adamson, Amanda Hunter, Debbie M Madsen, Anoop S V Shah, David A McAllister, Tania A Pawade, Michelle C Williams, Colin Berry, Nicholas A Boon, Marcus Flather, John Forbes, Scott McLean, Giles Roditi, Adam D Timmis, Edwin J R van Beek, Marc R Dweck, Hans Mickley, Nicholas L Mills, David E Newby
BACKGROUND: We determined whether high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I can improve the estimation of the pretest probability for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with suspected stable angina. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prespecified substudy of the SCOT-HEART trial (Scottish Computed Tomography of the Heart), plasma cardiac troponin was measured using a high-sensitivity single-molecule counting assay in 943 adults with suspected stable angina who had undergone coronary computed tomographic angiography...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444925/increasing-incidence-and-prevalence-of-world-health-organization-groups-1-to-4-pulmonary-hypertension-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-ontario-canada
#7
D Thiwanka Wijeratne, Katherine Lajkosz, Susan B Brogly, M Diane Lougheed, Li Jiang, Ahmad Housin, David Barber, Ana Johnson, Katharine M Doliszny, Stephen L Archer
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recognizes 5 groups of pulmonary hypertension (PH), categorized by pathogenesis or comorbidity: 1-pulmonary arterial hypertension 2-left-heart disease, 3-lung disease and hypoxia 4-chronic thromboembolic disease, and 5-miscellaneous. The epidemiology of PH, apart from group 1, is largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We describe incidence, prevalence, comorbidities, mortality and prescribing patterns for groups 1 to 4 PH from 1993 to 2012...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440123/portrait-patient-centered-outcomes-related-to-treatment-practices-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-investigating-trajectories-overview-of-design-and-rationale-of-an-international-prospective-peripheral-arterial-disease-study
#8
REVIEW
Kim G Smolderen, Kensey Gosch, Manesh Patel, W Schuyler Jones, Alan T Hirsch, John Beltrame, Rob Fitridge, Mehdi H Shishehbor, Johan Denollet, Patrick Vriens, Jan Heyligers, Nancy Stone MEd, Herbert Aronow, J Dawn Abbott, Clementine Labrosciano, Rudolf Tutein-Nolthenius, John A Spertus
BACKGROUND: Health status outcomes, including symptoms, functional status, and quality of life, are critically important outcomes from patients' perspectives. The PORTRAIT study (Patient-Centered Outcomes Related to Treatment Practices in Peripheral Arterial Disease: Investigating Trajectories) was designed to prospectively define health status outcomes and examine associations between patients' characteristics and care to these outcomes among those presenting with new-onset or worsened claudication...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437701/are-lay-rescuers-adequately-prepared-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-its-aftermath
#9
EDITORIAL
Kimberly Dukes, Saket Girotra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437700/-please-don-t-die-a-grounded-theory-study-of-bystander-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#10
Justin Mausz, Paul Snobelen, Walter Tavares
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important determinant of survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), yet rates of bystander CPR are highly variable. In an effort to promote bystander CPR, the procedure has been streamlined, and ultrashort teaching modalities have been introduced. CPR has been increasingly reconceptualized as simple, safe, and easy to perform; however, current methods of CPR instruction may not adequately prepare lay rescuers for the various logistical, conceptual, and emotional challenges of resuscitating a victim of cardiac arrest...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378734/myocardial-injury-in-patients-with-sepsis-and-its-association-with-long-term-outcome
#11
Jos F Frencken, Dirk W Donker, Cristian Spitoni, Marlies E Koster-Brouwer, Ivo W Soliman, David S Y Ong, Janneke Horn, Tom van der Poll, Wilton A van Klei, Marc J M Bonten, Olaf L Cremer
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is frequently complicated by the release of cardiac troponin, but the clinical significance of this myocardial injury remains unclear. We studied the associations between troponin release during sepsis and 1-year outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled consecutive patients with sepsis in 2 Dutch intensive care units between 2011 and 2013. Subjects with a clinically apparent cause of troponin release were excluded. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) concentration in plasma was measured daily during the first 4 intensive care unit days, and multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to model its association with 1-year mortality while adjusting for confounding...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371220/ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-of-post-stroke-depression
#12
Liming Dong, Brisa N Sánchez, Lesli E Skolarus, Lewis B Morgenstern, Lynda D Lisabeth
BACKGROUND: Little is known about ethnic differences in poststroke depression (PSD) in the United States. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of PSD at 90 days after first-ever stroke and to examine ethnic differences in the prevalence between Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NHWs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Stroke cases from 2011 to 2015 were identified from the BASIC project (Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi)-a population-based stroke surveillance study in south Texas...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330142/checklists-and-circulation-cardiovascular-quality-and-outcomes
#13
Brahmajee K Nallamothu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330141/novel-care-pathway-for-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-atrial-fibrillation
#14
Anil K Gehi, Zachariah Deyo, Philip Mendys, Leah Hatfield, Jeffrey Laux, T Jennifer Walker, Sarah Chen, James O'Bryan, Kelly Garner, Samuel F Sears, Jill Akiyama, Sally C Stearns, Kevin Biese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326148/improving-neurological-functional-and-participatory-survival-after-cardiac-arrest
#15
EDITORIAL
Clifton W Callaway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326147/elephant-in-the-room-cost-of-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-inhibitors
#16
EDITORIAL
Cynthia A Jackevicius
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326146/prior-authorization-requirements-for-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-inhibitors-across-us-private-and-public-payers
#17
Jalpa A Doshi, Justin T Puckett, Michael S Parmacek, Daniel J Rader
BACKGROUND: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 inhibitors (PCSK9is) are an innovative treatment option for patients with familial hypercholesterolemia or clinical atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease who require further lowering of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. However, the high costs of these agents have spurred payers to implement utilization management policies to ensure appropriate use. We examined prior authorization (PA) requirements for PCSK9is across private and public US payers...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326145/return-to-work-and-participation-in-society-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#18
Gisela Lilja, Niklas Nielsen, John Bro-Jeppesen, Hannah Dunford, Hans Friberg, Caisa Hofgren, Janneke Horn, Angelo Insorsi, Jesper Kjaergaard, Fredrik Nilsson, Paolo Pelosi, Tineke Winters, Matt P Wise, Tobias Cronberg
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors' ability to participate in activities of everyday life and society, including return to work. The specific aim was to evaluate potential effects of cognitive impairment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-seven OHCA survivors included in the TTM trial (Target Temperature Management) and 119 matched control patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction participated in a follow-up 180 days post-event that included assessments of participation, return to work, emotional problems, and cognitive impairment...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321136/importance-and-challenges-of-moving-stroke-prevention-into-the-community
#19
EDITORIAL
Leah L Zullig, Hayden B Bosworth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321135/acute-myocardial-infarction-readmission-risk-prediction-models-a-systematic-review-of-model-performance
#20
Lauren N Smith, Anil N Makam, Douglas Darden, Helen Mayo, Sandeep R Das, Ethan A Halm, Oanh Kieu Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Hospitals are subject to federal financial penalties for excessive 30-day hospital readmissions for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Prospectively identifying patients hospitalized with AMI at high risk for readmission could help prevent 30-day readmissions by enabling targeted interventions. However, the performance of AMI-specific readmission risk prediction models is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We systematically searched the published literature through March 2017 for studies of risk prediction models for 30-day hospital readmission among adults with AMI...
January 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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