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Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207851/correspondence-correlation-of-salivary-ph-incidence-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-status-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Parisa Piroozmand, Mahdieh-Sadat Moosavi, Khatereh Akbari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207850/a-novel-technique-of-fabricating-a-modified-removable-provisional-prosthesis-over-an-autologous-bone-grafted-maxillary-anterior-edentulous-segment-prior-to-implant-placement
#2
Leoney Andonissamy, N Sri Vidhya
Implant dentistry has provided a lot of surgical as well as prosthetic techniques for improving the success of the implants. The surgical technique commonly followed now prior to implant placement is bone grafting procedure. One of the commonest techniques is the use of autologous block graft harvested from mandibular chin region. However, interference in healing as well as excessive bone resorption due to the use of removable provisional prosthesis over the bone grafted region has been commonly observed/reported...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207849/management-of-paediatric-oral-ranula-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Saraniya Packiri, Deepa Gurunathan, Kathiravan Selvarasu
Introduction: Ranula is mucous extravasation cyst that occurs in the floor of the mouth. There are various methods of management of paediatric oral ranula each of which has their own advantage and disadvantage. Aim: The aim of this paper was to systematically review the available literature on the management of paediatric oral ranula. Materials and Methods: A total of 64 articles were retrieved by electronic search. Based on the preset inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 21 articles were retrieved for full text analysis...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207848/bite-force-recording-devices-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Tarun Prakash Verma, Kanteshwari Iranagouda Kumathalli, Vinay Jain, Rajesh Kumar
In dental research, bite force serves as a valuable parameter to evaluate the efficacy of masticatory system. A variety of devices with different design and working principle have been used to record bite force, but no single device is capable to record all the required forces. One may find it difficult to choose a device that will fulfil the purpose of recording bite force for research. So, the present review aims to report and compare the wide range of devices and will help in describing their uses for recording bite force...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207847/categorization-and-management-of-various-types-of-c-shaped-canals-two-case-reports
#5
Sherin Jose Chockattu, B S Deepak
This case report presents the categorization and management of two cases of C-shaped canals in need of root canal treatment, based on the available classification systems. The prediction of C-shaped root canal morphology using radiography and clinical picture is possible through the application of the classification schemes proposed in literature. A modified cold lateral compaction technique is described for obturation of C-shaped canals partly united by a narrow isthmus.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207846/tiny-creature-in-oral-cavity-a-case-report
#6
Cheena Singh, M Parvathi Devi, Kamal Sagar
Oral cavity is nidus of much pathology. Some may arise due to altered eating habits such as meat, uncooked food etc. The parasitic infections arising from ingesting uncooked pork (larva of pork tapeworm) called as cysticercosis and being undiagnosed lead to "diagnostic dilemma". Herein we report a case of cysticercosis involving the right dorsum of tongue along with review of literature.
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207845/two-episodes-of-trigeminocardiac-reflex-during-a-pan-facial-fracture-surgery-a-rare-phenomenon-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Abhishek Bhattacharjee, Prashanth Rajaram, Abhishek Khatua, K B Rudresh, Pallavi B Krishnamurthy
Trigeminocardiac reflex is a sudden physiologic response due to mechanical manipulation of any of the branches of trigeminal nerve. Trigeminocardiac reflex occurs due to pressure effect or stretching of trigeminal nerve which causes fall in blood pressure and decrease in heart rate. In this reflex arc, the trigeminal nerve serves as afferent pathway and vagus nerve, which is cardio inhibitory in nature, serves as efferent pathway. Two episodes of trigeminocardiac reflex during maxillofacial trauma surgery is not a common phenomenon...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207844/impact-of-nano-hydroxyapatite-nano-silver-fluoride-and-sodium-fluoride-varnish-on-primary-teeth-enamel-remineralization-an-in-vitro-study
#8
Ali Nozari, Shabnam Ajami, Azade Rafiei, Elmira Niazi
Introduction: Dental caries is still prevailing worldwide, although different anti caries products have been introduced. Each remineralizing agent has its own shortcomings. Therefore, looking for new agents to have benefits of previous ones with lesser side effects is worthwhile. Aim: To determine the remineralization ability of NaF varnish, nano-Hydroxyapatite Serum (n-HAP) and Nano Silver Fluoride (NSF) on enamel of primary anterior teeth. Materials and Methods: Incipient caries were induced in primary sound anterior teeth by storing each specimen in demineralization solution for 72 hours...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207843/biosynthesis-characterization-and-antibacterial-efficacy-of-silver-nanoparticles-derived-from-endophytic-fungi-against-p-gingivalis
#9
Kiran Rahul Halkai, Jayashree A Mudda, Vasundhara Shivanna, Vandana Rathod, Rahul S Halkai
Introduction: Microbial resistance to existing antimicrobial agents in periodontal therapy is a growing problem. Therefore, there is a need for development of new antimicrobial agents. Aim: To biosynthesize and characterize Silver Nanoparticles (AgNPs) using endophytic fungi and to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy against P. gingivalis. Materials and Methods: Cut leaf segments of Withania Somnifera (Ashwagandha) were used to isolate the fungi...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207842/a-three-month-comparative-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-different-surface-treatment-agents-on-the-surface-integrity-and-softness-of-acrylic-based-soft-liner-an-in-vivo-study
#10
Harekrishna Jayendra Raval, Neerja Mahajan, Y G Naveen, Rajesh Sethuraman
Introduction: Acrylic based soft liners are cost effective, yet are inferior in durability as compared to silicone based liners. Hence, this study was conducted to evaluate if the softness and surface integrity of acrylic based soft liner can be maintained by using different surface treatment agents. Aim: To comparatively evaluate the effects of Varnish, Monopoly and Kregard surface treatment agents on the surface integrity and softness of acrylic based soft liner at baseline, at one month and after three months...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207841/effect-of-mobile-phone-usage-on-nickel-ions-release-and-ph-of-saliva-in-patients-undergoing-fixed-orthodontic-treatment
#11
Lalita Girish Nanjannawar, Tejashree Suresh Girme, Jiwanasha Manish Agrawal, Manish Suresh Agrawal, Sangamesh Gurunath Fulari, Shraddha Subhash Shetti, Vishwal Ajith Kagi
Introduction: Hand held mobile phones are presently the most popular means of communication worldwide and have transformed our lives in many aspects. The widespread use of such devices have resulted in growing concerns regarding harmful effects of radiations emitted by them. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of mobile phone usage on nickel ion release as well as pH of saliva in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. Aim: To assess the level of nickel ions in saliva and pH of saliva in mobile phone users undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207840/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-g32-commercially-available-ayurvedic-preparation-in-reducing-halitosis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Snehal Patil, Shashidhar Acharya, Siddhi Hathiwala, Deepak Kumar Singhal, Samuel Raj Srinivasan, Sachin Khatri
Introduction: Oral malodour is a social malady affecting people of all the age groups. Effective management of oral malodour is the key to improve the quality of life of such people. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of ayurvedic medication, G32 in controlling oral malodour and comparing the effects with Chlorhexidine (CHX). Materials and Methods: This was a single blind randomized controlled trial with parallel study design conducted at a hospital in the city of Udupi in Southern India...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207839/evaluation-of-effect-of-irrigants-with-or-without-surfactant-on-root-canal-transportation-by-cone-beam-computed-tomography-an-in-vitro-study
#13
Siddiq Ahmed, Prabu Mahin Syed Ismail, M Chandra Sekhar, Sampathi Naga Lakshmi Reddy, Moosani Gopi Krishna, Upendra Natha Reddy, Kalla Nikhita, P Sai Harish
Introduction: Maintenance of original canal anatomy with proper disinfection is our primary goal to achieve during root canal instrumentation. Surfactants are added to irrigating solution to promote deeper penetration into dentinal tubules. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of addition of surfactants to Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) and Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid (EDTA) on transportation of root canal. Materials and Methods: Fifty human mandibular molars with mesial root curvatures of 10° - 40° were selected and embedded in silicone impression material to simulate mandibular arch form to facilitate imaging process and maintain reproducibility of images...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207838/in-vitro-evaluation-of-resin-infiltrant-penetration-into-white-spot-lesions-of-deciduous-molars
#14
Dinesh Francis Swamy, Elaine Savia Barretto, Shanthala B Mallikarjun, Sapna Sada Raut Dessai
Introduction: Caries Infiltration is a recent microinvasive restorative technique that permits treatment of non-cavitated demineralized lesions, known as White Spot Lesions (WSL). Aim: To evaluate the extent of penetration of a commercially available resin caries-infiltrant into natural WSL occurring in deciduous tooth enamel. Materials and Methods: Deciduous molars with natural WSL on any smooth surface were selected and sectioned into halves to yield equal control and experimental groups...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207837/fracture-resistance-of-endodontically-treated-teeth-restored-with-biodentine-resin-modified-gic-and-hybrid-composite-resin-as-a-core-material
#15
Dayalan Subash, Krishnamma Shoba, Shibu Aman, Srinivasan Kumar Indu Bharkavi, Vijayan Nimmi, Radhakrishnan Abhilash
Introduction: The restoration of a severely damaged tooth usually needs a post and core as a part of treatment procedure to provide a corono - radicular stabilization. Biodentine is a class of dental material which possess high mechanical properties with excellent biocompatibility and bioactive behaviour. The sealing ability coupled with optimum physical properties could make Biodentine an excellent option as a core material. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the fracture resistance of Biodentine as a core material in comparison with resin modified glass ionomer and composite resin...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207836/recurrent-aphthous-stomatitis-an-assessment-of-antioxidant-levels-in-plasma-and-saliva
#16
J S Jesija, Saraswathi Gopal, Hugh P Skiel
Introduction: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disorder that affects 20% of the population worldwide. Factors such as trauma, stress, genetic, hypersensitivity, nutrition, immune disturbance and hormonal imbalance may disturb the oxidant and antioxidant balance of an organism and precipitate RAS, but the relationships are poorly understood. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant status in plasma and saliva of patients with RAS...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207835/sem-evaluation-of-enamel-surface-changes-and-enamel-microhardness-around-orthodontic-brackets-after-application-of-co2-laser-er-cr-ysgg-laser-and-fluoride-varnish-an-in-vivo-study
#17
Tarundeep Kaur, Tulika Tripathi, Priyank Rai, Anup Kanase
Introduction: One of the most undesirable consequences of orthodontic treatment is occurrence of enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets. Numerous in vitro studies have reported the prevention of enamel demineralization by surface treatment with lasers and fluoride varnish. Aim: To evaluate the changes on the enamel surface and microhardness around orthodontic brackets after surface treatment by CO2 laser, Er, Cr:YSGG laser and fluoride varnish in vivo...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207834/clinical-evaluation-of-quality-of-obturation-and-instrumentation-time-using-two-modified-rotary-file-systems-with-manual-instrumentation-in-primary-teeth
#18
Lavanya Govindaraju, Ganesh Jeevanandan, Emg Subramanian
Introduction: Pulp therapy in primary teeth has been performed using various instrumentation techniques. However, the conventional instrumentation technique used for root canal preparation in primary teeth is hand instrumentation. Various Nickel-Titanium (Ni-Ti) instruments are available to perform efficient root canal preparation in primary teeth. These Ni-Ti instruments has been designed to aid in better root canal preparation in permanent teeth but are rarely used in primary teeth...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207833/possible-role-of-bcl-2-expression-in-metastatic-and-non-metastatic-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
V Pavithra, Karuna Kumari, Vanishri C Haragannavar, Roopa S Rao, Shwetha Nambiar, Dominic Augustine, S V Sowmya
Introduction: Oral carcinoma is a global health problem. India accounts for one-third of world burden with high prevalence rate of 2.5 million and mortality rate of 5.5 lacs per year. Oral carcinogenesis is a multistage process that frequently involves invasion and metastasis that needs early detection and treatment to improve the overall quality of life. The ability of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) to metastasize to lymph nodes does not always show a relationship with clinical staging...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207832/a-comparison-of-clinicopathological-differences-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-patients-below-and-above-40-years-of-age
#20
Supriya Nikita Kapila, Srikant Natarajan, Karen Boaz
Introduction: Recent times have revealed an increase in incidence of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) in young adults including those who lack association with typical risk factors such as tobacco. There are reported variations in clinical behaviour of tumours in young and older individuals. Aim: Present study evaluated differences in clinicopathological characteristics between two groups of OSCC, below and above 40 years of age. Materials and Methods: An analytical study was performed on two groups of OSCC patients, below and above 40 years of age...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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