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Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413784/correction
#1
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2015/11926.6278.].
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511532/kedo-s-paediatric-rotary-files-for-root-canal-preparation-in-primary-teeth-case-report
#2
Ganesh Jeevanandan
Nickel-Titanium (Ni-Ti) instrument are widely used for root canal preparation in permanent tooth compared to primary teeth. Hand instrumentation technique remains the conventional method for root canal preparation in primary teeth. The time taken for root canal preparation with the conventional method is more resulting in patients and clinicians fatigue. Recently Ni-Ti rotary files designed for permanent tooth has been used for root canal preparation in primary teeth. Using rotary instruments for primary tooth pulpectomies resulted in better and predictable root canal filling...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511531/occurrence-of-cusp-of-carabelli-in-primary-second-molar-series-of-three-cases
#3
Mythri Sarpangala, Ashwin Devasya
Morphological variations are seen in both primary and permanent dentitions. Cusp of Carabelli is also one of them. It is suggested that it is due to over activity of dental lamina but definitive aetiology is unknown. It is a type of accessory cusp, occurs more often in permanent maxillary first molars, whereas, its occurrence in primary tooth is rare. The present case series discusses the presence of cusp of Carabelli in primary maxillary second molars in three different cases. This case series will help clinicians to identify, diagnose and take proper preventive care and also adds to the incidence in literature...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511530/herbs-in-oral-mucositis
#4
REVIEW
Maryam Baharvand, Soudeh Jafari, Hamed Mortazavi
Oral mucositis is an inflammatory mucosal destruction as a result of chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy, which in severe cases can impair patients' quality of life. Moreover, mucosal infection and/or systemic involvement due to compromised immunity leads to delay or discontinuation of the treatment. Many strategies and agents have been suggested for the management of this condition. Because of their lower side effects compared to chemical drugs, general interest in evaluating therapeutic effects of herbs has been increased intensively...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511529/orthodontic-therapy-for-paediatric-cancer-survivors-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Sumita Mishra
The paper aims at reviewing the possibilities of orthodontic therapy for paediatric cancer survivors. It is important to understand the fundamental disease, it's treatment protocols, effects on growing skeleton, dental development, oral cavity and oral mucosa, dental caries, bone, orthodontic tooth movement.
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511528/immediate-placement-of-zirconia-implants-in-teeth-with-periapical-lesions-a-case-report
#6
Nizar A Ahmed, Caroline Annette Jacob, Preetham Prasad Nittla
This case report records the replacement of two failed endodontically treated mandibular molars with one piece zirconia implants in a patient with metal hypersensitivity. The two molars were atraumatically extracted and curetted to remove any remnants of a periapical granuloma. Immediate implant placement with primary stability was achieved using one piece WhiteSky(®) Bredent zirconia implants which were restored after four months with a zirconia crown. One year follow up revealed successful osseointegration with optimal form and function...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511527/temporary-blindness-after-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block
#7
Animesh Barodiya, Rishi Thukral, Shaila Mahendra Agrawal, Anshul Rai, Siddharth Singh
Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) anaesthesia is one of the common procedures in dental clinic. This procedure is safe, but complications may still occur. Ocular complications such as diplopia, loss of vision, or ophthalmoplegia are extremely rare. This case report explains an event where due to individual anatomic variation of the sympathetic vasoconstrictor nerve and maxillary and middle meningeal arteries, intravascular administration of anaesthetic agent caused unusual ocular signs and symptoms such as temporary blindness...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511526/angiolymphoid-hyperplasia-with-eosinophilia-involving-the-occipital-artery-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Laia Fite-Trepat, Miriam Martos-Fernandez, Margarita Alberola-Ferranti, Alba De Pablo-Garcia-Cuenca, Coro Bescosatin
Angiolymphoid Hyperplasia with Eosinophilia (ALHE) is an atypical vascular tumour occurring primarily in the head and neck area, which must be distinguished from Kimura's disease. The lesions can appear as single or multiple grouped intradermal papules or subcutaneous nodules. We report a rare case of ALHE in a 57-year-old female with a large lesion of three nodules involving the right occipital artery which had a long term evolution and we treated it by surgical excision. The definitive histopathological diagnosis was ALHE...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511525/rehabilitation-of-a-patient-with-facial-and-palatal-defect-a-case-report
#9
Litty Francis
Defects involving the face and maxilla present a challenge to the prosthodontists as these have a direct effect on aesthetics, function as well as the psychology of the patient. An array of problems awaits the clinician from restoring the previous contour of the oral cavity, facial form, etc. to the mental state of the patients. This article deals with the rehabilitation of a hemimaxillectomy patient with a facial defect, using an interim hollow bulb obturator and a silicone facial prosthesis, which helped to improve the general well being of the patient...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511524/basaloid-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-tongue-a-report-with-emphasis-on-immunohistochemistry
#10
Karuna Kumari, Vanishree C Haragannavar, K Vineeth Kumar, Kavitha Prasad, Shwetha Nambiar
Basaloid Squamous Cell Carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare entity with its histopathological distinction from conventional squamous cell carcinoma. It is frequently considered a high-grade carcinoma with poor prognosis because of higher rate of distant metastases. Here by, we are reporting a case of 39-year-old male with an ulcer on the left lateral border of the tongue since a month. Histopathological examination of incisional biopsy revealed basaloid tumour cell islands accompanied by component of well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511523/achondroplasia-with-polydactyly-a-case-report
#11
Caroline Frank, Sameeya Shariff, Muddepalle Pavani, Balasubramanian Karthika, Sridhar Thathekalva
An eight-year-old girl child reported to the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology with the chief complaint of unerupted permanent teeth for past two years. The child presented features like disproportionately short stature, rhizomelic shortening of arms and legs, long face, frontal bossing and saddle nose. Based on the findings of chest and spine radiographs and ultrasound the case was diagnosed as a rare bone disorder "Achondroplasia". This case also presents a unique feature of polydactyly. Polydactyly is a manifestation in clinical medicine because it can serve as an indicator for a plethora of congenital anamolies...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511522/iris-positioning-using-a-grid-attached-to-a-spring-bow-for-a-custom-ocular-prosthesis
#12
Ankita Chamaria, Meena Ajay Aras, Vidya Chitre, Godwin Clovis Da Costa
Eyes are among the first features of the face to be noticed. Loss of an eye due to congenital, traumatic or pathologic aetiologies causes disfigurement and loss of sensory feedback. It leaves a psychological impact on the patient, thus prosthesis should be provided at the earliest to raise the spirits of the afflicted. Iris positioning is one of the important steps in fabricating customized ocular prosthesis. In facial asymmetry cases, comparison of both irises together can be a major disadvantage. This case report illustrates the use of a unique customized frame spring bow assembly to position the iris disk using the established parallelism between inter pupillary line to the horizontal plane...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511521/cu-sil-denture-a-space-maintainer-for-function-in-paediatric-patients
#13
Shilpa Hiremath, Abhishek Jairaj
The purpose of this report is to introduce Cu-sil like denture as a functional space maintainer. Here, we report two paediatric cases treated with Cu-sil like denture with multiple edentulous spaces and partially erupted/compromised permanent teeth. Cu-sil like denture not only serves as removable partial functional space maintainer, but also restores the vertical dimension of occlusion, mastication and aesthetics in children. Cu-sil like denture is used in elderly patients who are not willing for extraction of remaining few healthy teeth in the oral cavity...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511520/effect-of-trauma-to-primary-tooth-on-permanent-maxillary-incisors-a-clinical-case-report
#14
Bhawana Gupta, Sachin Gupta, Jitesh Wadhwa, Alpa Gupta
Trauma to primary tooth leads to abnormal variations in crown and root canals of permanent teeth that presents a challenge in diagnosis and clinical management to the practitioner. This article presents a detailed case report of the endodontic treatment of a three canalled maxillary central incisor and maxillary lateral incisor having single canal with open apex linked with periodontal defect. Root canals were prepared with hand files and canals were irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite solution. Calcium hydroxide was placed as an intracanal medicament...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511519/a-giant-cutaneous-horn-projecting-from-verrucous-carcinoma-of-buccal-mucosa-a-rare-case-report
#15
Priyankar Singh, Dipesh Nathani, Shashi Ranjan, Rashmi Issar
Cutaneous horn is conical shape of compact keratin that resembles a miniature animal horn. Though morphologically similar to horns in animals they are histologically very different from them. It is a circumscribed, conical, hyperkeratotic dense protrusion with epithelial cornification above the skin surface in response to a wide range of underlying benign and malignant pathological changes. Though benign, a cutaneous horn holds the potential to be premalignant or malignant. In India till now six cases has been reported with cutaneous horn at various unusual sites...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511518/fat-free-pleomorphic-lipoma-of-oral-cavity-a-rare-entity
#16
Kannan Ranganathan, Seema Alice Mathew, Nellimad Sreedharan Sreena, Nagarajan Lavanya
Pleomorphic lipoma is a rare, benign, soft tissue neoplasm that characteristically occurs as a subcutaneous mass in the posterior neck or upper back and rarely in the tonsillar fossa and oral cavity. Histologically, pleomorphic lipoma contains varying amounts of mature fat, areas of spindle and pleomorphic cells, floret giant cells and thick rope - like collagen in a myxoid stroma. Pleomorphic lipoma with scanty fatty elements is called the fat free variant of pleomorphic lipoma. The combination of meagre amount of fat and presence of pleomorphic elements gives a pseudosarcomatous picture under the microscope leading to misdiagnosis and over treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511517/holistic-healing-through-herbs-effectiveness-of-aloe-vera-on-post-extraction-socket-healing
#17
Vijaya Lakshmi Nimma, Harsha Vardhan Talla, Jaya Krishna Bairi, Madhulatha Gopaldas, Haritha Bathula, Sandeep Vangdoth
INTRODUCTION: Advances in the field of alternative medicine has encouraged the use of various natural products for multiple uses in the field of dentistry for treatment of various oral diseases. A natural herbal product is Aloe vera, which has number of benefits with no reported side effects and gaining considerable importance in clinical research. AIM: The aim of this cross-sectional randomized interventional study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Aloe vera in the healing of post extraction sockets...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511516/to-evaluate-and-compare-periodontal-disease-and-smoking-as-a-parallel-risk-factor-for-systemic-health-by-gauging-the-serum-c-reactive-protein-levels
#18
Ruchi Dinesh Raval, Payal Sharma, Sarath Chandran, Dharmesh Vasavada, Priyadarshini Nadig, Gaurav Bakutra
INTRODUCTION: Physiologic and metabolic changes that occur immediately after a damage or disease are known as Acute Phase Reaction (APR). Acute Phase Proteins (APP) are blood proteins secreted by hepatocytes during APR C-Reactive Protein (CRP) being the important one. AIM: Present study was designed to estimate and compare the levels of the serum CRP in current smokers, former smokers and non-smokers, with and without periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An experimental study was planned on 165 subjects who were divided into four groups...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511515/comparative-evaluation-of-antibacterial-and-adhesive-properties-of-chitosan-modified-glass-ionomer-cement-and-conventional-glass-ionomer-cement-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Arpan Debnath, Srivastava Bagepalli Kesavappa, Gyanendra Pratap Singh, Shruthi Eshwar, Vipin Jain, Madhuniranjan Swamy, Punith Shetty
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have reported the incorporation of modifiers with conventional Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC) to enhance its antibacterial effect. One such modification being the addition of Chitosan (CH). However, these modifiers might affect the physical properties of the restorations. AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of modifying the liquid phase of conventional GIC with 10% v/v CH on the antibacterial properties and adhesion to enamel in comparison to conventional GIC...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511514/evaluation-of-relative-position-of-mandibular-foramen-in-children-as-a-reference-for-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-using-orthopantamograph
#20
Navin Hadadi Krishnamurthy, Surej Unnikrishnan, Jaya Agali Ramachandra, Veena Arali
INTRODUCTION: The Mandibular Foramen (MF) is a landmark for administering local anaesthetic solution for Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB). The position of MF shows considerable variation among different ethnicity, ages and on either sides even within the same individual. Failure to achieve IANB leading to repeated injection of the local anaesthetic solution will not only pose a behaviour problem in children but can also lead to systemic toxic level of anaesthetic solution being administered...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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