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Food & Nutrition Research

Shengli Yang, Hui Zhang
BACKGROUND: Distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and soybean meal were used as the substrates for the production of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in solid-state fermentation (SSF) by Mortierella alpine. These fermented products were fed to laying hens. PUFA enrichment from chicken breasts was studied. METHODS: The maximum productivity of PUFA was achieved under optimized process condition, including 1% w/w yeast extract as additive, an incubation period of 5 days at 12°C, 10% v/w inoculum level, 75% moisture content, and pH 6...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Narsingh Verma, Kauser Usman, Naresh Patel, Arvind Jain, Sudhir Dhakre, Anand Swaroop, Manashi Bagchi, Pawan Kumar, Harry G Preuss, Debasis Bagchi
BACKGROUND: Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) seeds are known to exhibit potent antioxidant, hypoglycemic, and nephroprotective activities, as well as serve as excellent membrane stabilizers especially because of their content of novel furostanolic saponins. Our previous studies exhibited the broad spectrum safety and efficacy of Fenfuro, a novel T. foenum-graecum seed extract enriched in furostanolic saponins, in type 2 diabetes (T2D) in rats. DESIGN: This multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, add-on clinical study evaluated over a period of 90 consecutive days the efficacy of Fenfuro (daily dosage: 500 mg bid) in 154 subjects (male: 108; female: 46; age: 25-60 years) with T2D...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Hanna Sepp, Karin Höijer
BACKGROUND: There is a need for research both in relation to food education at preschools and in relation to how the individual teacher can handle and relate to the many different scientific facts and paradigms that are prevalent in relation to food, health, and a sustainable lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences and meanings that preschool teachers associate with involving food as a tool for learning in planned educational activities...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Eric Lontchi-Yimagou, Agatha Tanya, Carine Tchankou, Judith Ngondi, Julius Oben
BACKGROUND: Quail eggs as a food item have recently been introduced into the diet of some Cameroonians. These eggs are being sold in local markets, but with many unfounded health claims. One claim is that quail eggs can reduce blood glucose levels in diabetics. It was therefore necessary to evaluate the effect of consuming quail eggs on blood glucose levels, lipid profiles, and oxidative stress parameters in diabetes-induced rats. METHODS: Twenty Wistar rats weighing, on average, 250 g were divided into four groups of five rats each...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Xavier Deplanque, Delphine Muscente-Paque, Eric Chappuis
BACKGROUND: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation is a risk factor for atherosclerosis. Lycopene and tomato-based products have been described as potent inhibitors of LDL oxidation. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a 2-week supplementation with a carotenoid-rich tomato extract (CRTE) standardized for a 1:1 ratio of lycopene and phytosterols, on post-prandial LDL oxidation after a high-fat meal. DESIGN: In a randomized, double-blind, parallel-groups, placebo-controlled study, 146 healthy normal weight individuals were randomly assigned to a daily dose of CRTE standardized for tomato phytonutrients or placebo during 2 weeks...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Aino-Maija Eloranta, Taisa Venäläinen, Sonja Soininen, Henna Jalkanen, Sanna Kiiskinen, Ursula Schwab, Timo A Lakka, Virpi Lindi
BACKGROUND: Data on food sources of nutrients are needed to improve strategies to enhance nutrient intake among girls and boys in Western countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify major food sources of energy, energy nutrients, dietary fibre, and micronutrients, and to study gender differences in these food sources among children. DESIGN: We assessed food consumption and nutrient intake using 4-day food records in a population sample of Finnish girls (n=213) and boys (n=217) aged 6-8 years from the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children Study...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Zainulabedin M Saiyed, James P Lugo
BACKGROUND: Chromium dinicocysteinate (CDNC) is a unique chromium complex consisting of chromium, niacin, and L-cysteine. Previous preclinical and clinical studies support the safety and efficacy of CDNC in modulating oxidative stress, vascular inflammation, and glycemia in type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: Herein, we report the results of several exploratory analyses conducted on type 2 diabetic subjects who previously participated in a 3-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and were treated with only metformin as standard diabetic care in addition to receiving the test supplementations...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Pavel Grasgruber, Martin Sebera, Eduard Hrazdira, Sylva Hrebickova, Jan Cacek
BACKGROUND: The aim of this ecological study was to identify the main nutritional factors related to the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in Europe, based on a comparison of international statistics. DESIGN: The mean consumption of 62 food items from the FAOSTAT database (1993-2008) was compared with the actual statistics of five CVD indicators in 42 European countries. Several other exogenous factors (health expenditure, smoking, body mass index) and the historical stability of results were also examined...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Trine M Reine, Trond Geir Jenssen, Svein Olav Kolset
PURPOSE: Glucosamine (GlcN) supplements are promoted for medical reasons, for example, for patients with arthritis and other joint-related diseases. Oral intake of GlcN is followed by uptake in the intestine, transport in the circulation and thereafter delivery to chondrocytes. Here, it is postulated to have an effect on synthesis and turnover of extracellular matrix constituents expressed by these cells. Following uptake in the intestine, serum levels are transiently increased, and the endothelium is exposed to increased levels of GlcN...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Gassan Darwiche, Peter Höglund, Bodil Roth, Ewa Larsson, Trygve Sjöberg, Björn Wohlfart, Stig Steen, Bodil Ohlsson
BACKGROUND: Our hypothesis was that a modified diet would improve blood glucose control with beneficial impact on weight management and overall health in established diabetes. OBJECTIVE: This prospective interventional study investigated the clinical effect of an Okinawan-based Nordic diet on anthropometry, metabolic control, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Scandinavian type 2 diabetes patients. DESIGN: Food was prepared and delivered to 30 type 2 diabetes patients...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Sassy Bhawamai, Shyh-Hsiang Lin, Yuan-Yu Hou, Yue-Hwa Chen
BACKGROUND: Evidence on biological activities of cooked black rice is limited. This study examined the effects of washing and cooking on the bioactive ingredients and biological activities of black rice. METHODS: Cooked rice was prepared by washing 0-3 times followed by cooking in a rice cooker. The acidic methanol extracts of raw and cooked rice were used for the analyses. RESULTS: Raw black rice, both washed and unwashed, had higher contents of polyphenols, anthocyanins, and cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G), but lower protocatechuic acid (PA), than did cooked samples...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Mekdes K Gebremariam, Sigrun Henjum, Laura Terragni, Liv Elin Torheim
BACKGROUND: Identifying modifiable correlates of dietary behaviors is of utmost importance for the promotion of healthy dietary behaviors. OBJECTIVE: This study explores individual, home, and school/neighborhood environmental correlates of dietary behaviors (intake of fruits, vegetables, soft drinks, and unhealthy snacks) among adolescents. METHODS: In total, 742 adolescents with a mean age of 13.6 (SD=0.3) were included in this cross-sectional study conducted in 11 secondary schools located in the eastern part of Norway...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Ting Li, Xinshan Lu, Yanfei Sun, Xingbin Yang
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance, which is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, has become a leading nutrition problem. Inorganic nitrate enriched in spinach has been demonstrated to reverse the pathological features of insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. However, the effects of a direct intake of nitrate-enriched spinach on insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of spinach nitrate on insulin resistance, lipid metabolism, endothelial function, and inflammation in mice fed with a high-fat and high-fructose diet...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Jun Jiao, Shu-Fen Han, Wei Zhang, Jia-Ying Xu, Xing Tong, Xue-Bin Yin, Lin-Xi Yuan, Li-Qiang Qin
BACKGROUND: Leucine supplementation has been reported to improve lipid metabolism. However, lipid metabolism in adipose tissues and liver has not been extensively studied for leucine supplementation in mice fed with a high-fat/cholesterol diet (HFCD). DESIGN: C57BL/6J mice were fed a chow diet, HFCD, HFCD supplemented with 1.5% leucine (HFCD+1.5% Leu group) or 3% leucine (HFCD+3% Leu group) for 24 weeks. The body weight, peritoneal adipose weight, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride in serum and liver, and serum adipokines were analyzed...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Ping Feng, Ming Gao, Anita Burgher, Tian Hui Zhou, Kathryn Pramuk
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have evaluated protein and amino acid levels in human milk. However, research in this area has been limited by small sample sizes and study populations with little ethnic or racial diversity. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the protein and amino acid composition of mature (≥30 days) human milk samples collected from a large, multinational study using highly standardized methods for sample collection, storage, and analysis. DESIGN: Using a single, centralized laboratory, human milk samples from 220 women (30-188 days postpartum) from nine countries were analyzed for amino acid composition using Waters AccQ-Tag high-performance liquid chromatography and total nitrogen content using the LECO FP-528 nitrogen analyzer...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Asim K Duttaroy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Karin Jonsson, My Green, Malin Barman, Agneta Sjöberg, Hilde K Brekke, Agnes E Wold, Ann-Sofie Sandberg
BACKGROUND: A farming environment confers strong protection against allergy development. We have previously shown that farming mothers consume more full-fat dairy than control mothers, who instead consume more low-fat dairy, margarine, and oils; margarine and oil intake was associated with increased risk of allergy development in their children. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to investigate the differences in diet between children in farming and control families at 1 year of age, to investigate the relation between the diets of the mothers and their children, and to relate the children's diet to allergy development...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Nurul Izzah Ahmad, Wan Rozita Wan Mahiyuddin, Tengku Rozaina Tengku Mohamad, Cheong Yoon Ling, Siti Fatimah Daud, Nasriyah Che Hussein, Nor Aini Abdullah, Rafiza Shaharudin, Lokman Hakim Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Understanding different patterns of fish consumption is an important component for risk assessment of contaminants in fish. A few studies on food consumption had been conducted in Malaysia, but none of them focused specifically on fish consumption. The objectives of this study were to document the meal pattern among three major ethnics in Malaysia with respect to fish/seafood consumption, identify most frequently consumed fish and cooking method, and examine the influence of demographic factors on pattern of fish consumption among study subjects...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Nicolai A Lund-Blix, Kjersti S Rønningen, Håkon Bøås, German Tapia, Lene F Andersen
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of studies comparing dietary assessment methods with the biomarkers of fatty acids in children. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the suitability of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to rank young children according to their intake of dairy and fish products by comparing food frequency estimates to the plasma phospholipid fatty acids pentadecanoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional data for the present study were derived from the prospective cohort 'Environmental Triggers of Type 1 Diabetes Study'...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Ru Zhang, Jun Jiao, Wei Zhang, Zheng Zhang, Weiguo Zhang, Li-Qiang Qin, Shu-Fen Han
BACKGROUND: Cereal fiber is reported to be associated with obesity and metabolic diseases. However, whether cereal fiber improves leptin resistance and sensitivity remains unclear. DESIGN: For 24 weeks, 48 male C57BL/6J mice were randomly given a normal chow diet (Chow), high-fat/cholesterol diet (HFD), HFD with 0.8% oat fiber (H-oat) or HFD with 0.8% wheat bran fiber (H-wheat). At the end of feeding period, both the serum insulin and leptin levels were determined by ELISA kits...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
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