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Food & Nutrition Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740263/food-nutrition-research-with-new-aims-and-scope
#1
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720931/assessment-of-nutritional-status-in-the-elderly-a-proposed-function-driven-model
#2
Stina Engelheart, Robert Brummer
Background: There is no accepted or standardized definition of 'malnutrition'. Hence, there is also no definition of what constitutes an adequate nutritional status. In elderly people, assessment of nutritional status is complex and is complicated by multi-morbidity and disabilities combined with nutrition-related problems, such as dysphagia, decreased appetite, fatigue, and muscle weakness. Objective: We propose a nutritional status model that presents nutritional status from a comprehensive functional perspective...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720930/national-nutrition-surveys-in-europe-a-review-on-the-current-status-in-the-53-countries-of-the-who-european-region
#3
Holly L Rippin, Jayne Hutchinson, Charlotte E L Evans, Jo Jewell, Joao J Breda, Janet E Cade
Objectives: The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the coverage of national nutrition surveys in the 53 countries monitored by the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe and identify gaps in provision, (2) to describe relevant survey attributes and (3) to check whether energy and nutrients are reported with a view to providing information for evidence-based nutrition policy planning. Design: Dietary survey information was gathered using three methods: (1) direct email to survey authors and other relevant contacts, (2) systematic review of literature databases and (3) general web-based searches...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720929/antioxidant-effects-of-compound-walnut-oil-capsule-in-mice-aging-model-induced-by-d-galactose
#4
Huandong Zhao, Jian Li, Juan Zhao, Yang Chen, Caiping Ren, Yuxiang Chen
Background: Many plant original foods have been shown beneficial effects in humans. In the previous work, we have developed a compound capsule which contains major constituents of walnut oil and grape seed extract. Objective: To investigate the antioxidant effects of the Compound Walnut Oil Capsule (WOC) in aging model induced by D-gal. Design: 70 C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into seven groups. Mice in normal group received daily subcutaneous injection of saline while the control group, WOC groups, Vitamin C (VC) group and pure walnut oil group received daily subcutaneous injection of D-galactose (D-gal) for 8 weeks...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720928/evaluation-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-assess-cardiovascular-disease-related-diet-and-lifestyle-factors
#5
Karianne Svendsen, Hege Berg Henriksen, Beate Østengen, David R Jacobs, Vibeke H Telle-Hansen, Monica H Carlsen, Kjetil Retterstøl
Background: The Vascular lifestyle-Intervention and Screening in phArmacies (VISA) study investigates diet and lifestyle factors associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). As part of the study methodology, a short Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), the VISA-FFQ, was adapted from the Norwegian NORDIET-FFQ. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the VISA-FFQ and its ability to estimate intakes of foods and lifestyle factors in screening for elevated risk of CVD...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720927/association-of-dietary-patterns-and-hyperuricemia-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-yi-ethnic-group-in-china
#6
Xirun Liu, Shanshan Huang, Wangdong Xu, Aijing Zhou, Hui Li, Rong Zhang, Ya Liu, Yan Yang, Hong Jia
Background: Diet plays an important role in the development of hyperuricemia (HUA), but evidence for association between overall dietary patterns and HUA is scarce and inconsistent. The present study aims to explore association of dietary patterns and HUA among the Yi ethnic group of China. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study involving people aged more than 18 years. Principal component factor analysis (PCFA) on food groups from a semi-quantitative 52-item food frequency questionnaire was applied to identify dietary patterns...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599686/alignments-of-endocrine-anthropometric-and-metabolic-parameters-in-type-2-diabetes-after-intervention-with-an-okinawa-based-nordic-diet
#7
Bodil Ohlsson, Gassan Darwiche, Bodil Roth, Peter Höglund
Background: An Okinawa-based Nordic diet with moderately low carbohydrate content and high fat and protein content has been shown to improve anthropometry and metabolism in type 2 diabetes. Objective: The objectives of this study were to measure plasma or serum levels of hormones regulating energy metabolism and metabolic control, that is, cholecystokinin (CCK), Cortisol, C-peptide, ghrelin, glucagon, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), insulin, leptin, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), polypeptide YY (PYY), resistin, and visfatin after this diet intervention, and to determine partial correlations between hormonal levels and anthropometric and metabolic responses...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599685/household-decision-making-around-food-in-rural-tajikistan-a-cross-sectional-study-to-help-extension-workers-in-the-field
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Wood, Katharine McNamara, Agata Kowalewska, Nargiza Ludgate
This study was conducted to research and develop recommendations for gender transformative approaches that will address misconceptions around food and nutrition, and reducing barriers around dietary diversity within rural Khatlon Province, Tajikistan. Most of the population in Tajikistan live in rural areas and spend a large part of their income on food. While stunting in children under 5 years has decreased, acute malnutrition and the number of underweight children has increased. This is a qualitative, cross-sectional study that involved secondary data analysis, key informant interviews (KIIs), and focus group discussions (FGDs) to gauge appropriate interventions for agricultural extension agents seeking to improve the nutritional outcomes of their communities...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545737/mung-bean-proteins-and-peptides-nutritional-functional-and-bioactive-properties
#9
Zhu Yi-Shen, Sun Shuai, Richard FitzGerald
To date, no extensive literature review exists regarding potential uses of mung bean proteins and peptides. As mung bean has long been widely used as a food source, early studies evaluated mung bean nutritional value against the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)/the World Health Organization (WHO) amino acids dietary recommendations. The comparison demonstrated mung bean to be a good protein source, except for deficiencies in sulphur-containing amino acids, methionine and cysteine...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545736/activation-of-macrophage-mediated-host-defense-against-salmonella-typhimurium-by-morus-alba-l
#10
BoYoon Chang, BongSeong Koo, HyeonCheol Lee, Joa Sub Oh, SungYeon Kim
Background: The innate immune system plays a crucial role in the initiation and subsequent direction of adaptive immune responses, as well as in the removal of pathogens that have been targeted by an adaptive immune response. Objective: Morus alba L. was reported to have immunostimulatory properties that might protect against infectious diseases. However, this possibility has not yet been explored. The present study investigated the protective and immune-enhancing ability of M...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545735/a-novel-polysaccharide-from-the-sarcodon-aspratus-triggers-apoptosis-in-hela-cells-via-induction-of-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#11
Dan-Dan Wang, Qing-Xi Wu, Wen-Juan Pan, Sajid Hussain, Shomaila Mehmood, Yan Chen
Background: Polysaccharides extracted from fungus that have been used widely in the food and drugs industries due to biological activities. Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate the tumor-suppressive activity and mechanism of a novel polysaccharide (SAP) extracted from Sarcodon aspratus . Methods: The SAP was extracted and purified using Sepharose CL-4B gel from S. aspratus . The cytotoxicity of SAP on cell lines was determined by MTT method...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545734/relative-validity-of-a-short-food-frequency-questionnaire-assessing-adherence-to-the-norwegian-dietary-guidelines-among-colorectal-cancer-patients
#12
Hege Berg Henriksen, Monica Hauger Carlsen, Ingvild Paur, Sveinung Berntsen, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Anne Juul Skjetne, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Christine Henriksen, Lene Frost Andersen, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff
Background: The Norwegian food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) aim at reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases and promote overall health. We studied the effect of the Norwegian FBDG in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. There is a need for a time-efficient dietary assessment tool measuring adherence to these guidelines in patients treated for dietary dependent cancer, such as CRC patients. Objective: To evaluate a new short food frequency questionnaire (NORDIET-FFQ), developed to estimate adherence to the Norwegian FBDG among CRC patients...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545733/sodium-and-potassium-urinary-excretion-and-their-ratio-in-the-elderly-results-from-the-nutrition-up-65-study
#13
Pedro Moreira, Ana S Sousa, Rita S Guerra, Alejandro Santos, Nuno Borges, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F Amaral, Patrícia Padrão
Background: We aimed to describe urinary sodium and potassium excretion and their ratio in a representative sample of Portuguese elderly population, according to sociodemographic characteristics and weight status. Methods: A cluster sampling approach was used, representing older Portuguese adults (≥65 years) according to age, sex, education level, and regional area within the Nutrition UP 65 study. This cross-sectional evaluation was conducted in 2015 and 2016...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249924/the-comparative-study-among-different-fractions-of-muscadine-grape-noble-pomace-extracts-regarding-anti-oxidative-activities-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer
#14
Jianming Luo, Shiren Song, Zheng Wei, Yu Huang, Yali Zhang, Jiang Lu
As a by-product of wine making, pomace contains rich amounts of phenolic compounds that can be potentially utilized as raw materials to make beneficial products especially for the anti-cancer agents including the breast cancer. Muscadinia rotundifolia 'Noble' is a wine-making grape cultivar, and to better use 'Noble' pomace, the most effective phenolic fractions in cancer inhibition must be identified. In this study, anti-oxidative activities of three separated fractions of 'Noble' pomace (F1, F2 and F3) were compared in 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical scavenging (DPPH and ABTS) assays as well as the ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assay...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249923/an-exploration-of-socio-economic-and-food-characteristics-of-high-trans-fatty-acid-consumers-in-the-dutch-and-uk-national-surveys-after-voluntary-product-reformulation
#15
H L Rippin, J Hutchinson, M Ocke, J Jewell, J J Breda, J E Cade
Trans fatty acids (TFA) increase the risk of mortality and chronic diseases. TFA intakes have fallen since reformulation, but may still be high in certain, vulnerable, groups. This paper investigates socio-economic and food consumption characteristics of high TFA consumers after voluntary reformulation in the Netherlands and UK. Post-reformulation data of adults aged 19-64 was analysed in two national surveys: the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS) collected 2007-2010 using 2*24hr recalls (N = 1933) and the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) years 3&4 collected 2010/11 and 2011/12 using 4-day food diaries (N = 848)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249922/rice-bran-mineral-extract-increases-the-expression-of-anagen-related-molecules-in-human-dermal-papilla-through-wnt-catenin-pathway
#16
Yu-Mi Kim, Soon-Joung Kwon, Hyun-Joon Jang, Young-Kwon Seo
The objective of this study is to evaluate of rice bran mineral extract (RBM) increases the expression of anagen-related molecules in human dermal papilla (DOCs). Four treatment groups were established to evaluate the efficacy of RBM, including a negative control, positive control (ascorbic acid), RBM and ortho-silicic acid (Si(OH)4 ) (OSA) group. Three days after the DPCs were administered the various treatments, western blot analysis showed that type I collagen expression was increased 2.5-fold in the OSA group and 4-fold in the RBM group, and ALP expression was increased 1...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249921/lentinula-edodes-%C3%AE-glucan-enriched-diet-induces-pro-and-anti-inflammatory-macrophages-in-rabbit
#17
Helena Crespo, Hugo Guillén, Lorena de Pablo-Maiso, Carmen Gómez-Arrebola, Gregorio Rodríguez, Idoia Glaria, Damián de Andrés, Ramsés Reina
β-glucans exhibited in cell walls of several pathogens as bacteria or fungi are sensed by pathogen recognition receptors such as scavenger receptors present in antigen presenting cells, i.e., macrophages. β-glucans obtained from Shiitake mushrooms were chemically characterized. A β-glucan supplemented diet was assayed for 30 days in rabbits aiming to characterize the immune response elicited in blood-derived macrophages. M1 and M2 profiles of macrophage differentiation were confirmed in rabbits by in vitro stimulation with IFN-γ and IL-4 and marker quantification of each differentiation pathway...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230155/methodological-considerations-in-a-pilot-study-on-the-effects-of-a-berry-enriched-smoothie-on-children-s-performance-in-school
#18
Ulla Rosander, Kimmo Rumpunen, Viktoria Olsson, Mikael Åström, Pia Rosander, Karin Wendin
Berries contain bioactive compounds that may affect children's cognitive function positively, while hunger and thirst during lessons before lunch affect academic performance negatively. This pilot study addresses methodological challenges in studying if a berry smoothie, offered to schoolchildren as a mid-morning beverage, affects academic performance. The objective was to investigate if a cross-over design can be used to study these effects in a school setting. Therefore, in order to investigate assay sensitivity, 236 Swedish children aged 10-12 years were administered either a berry smoothie (active) or a fruit-based control beverage after their mid-morning break...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200992/pre-treated-theaflavin-3-3-digallate-has-a-higher-inhibitory-effect-on-the-hct116-cell-line
#19
Yangping Ding, Bingcan Chen, Zili Gao, Huayi Suo, Hang Xiao
The pro-apoptotic and inhibitory effects of the aflavin-3,3'-digallate (TFDG), which is the typical pigment in black tea, have been demonstrated in many cancer cell lines. However, TFDG is not stable in general culture conditions. So, to what extent TFDG or which degradation products of TFDG play an antitumor role is still unclear. In this study, we evaluated the effect of different treatments of TFDG on HCT116 cells. Compared with the control, both TFDG and O-TFDG (the TFDG that was pre-incubated in an incubator at 37°C for 3 hbefore adding into 96-well plates) significantly inhibited HCT116 cell growth...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151835/-opuntia-humifusa-modulates-morphological-changes-characteristic-of-asthma-via-il-4-and-il-13-in-an-asthma-murine-model
#20
Soon-Young Lee, Chun-Sik Bae, Young-Hoon Choi, Nam-Sook Seo, Chang-Su Na, Jin-Cheol Yoo, Seung Sik Cho, Dae-Hun Park
Asthma is a chronic pulmonary disease that affects an estimated 235 million people worldwide, but asthma drugs have many adverse effects. Opuntia humifusa (eastern prickly pear) has been used as a food and traditional medicine worldwide; however, its anti-asthmatic effects have not been reported. We evaluated O. humifusa as a potential therapeutic or preventive component of anti-asthmatic drugs. We divided ovalbumin-sensitized mice into the following groups: normal control, asthma-induced control, dexamethasone-treated group (positive control), 50 mg/kg O...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
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