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Food & Nutrition Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230155/methodological-considerations-in-a-pilot-study-on-the-effects-of-a-berry-enriched-smoothie-on-children-s-performance-in-school
#1
Ulla Rosander, Kimmo Rumpunen, Viktoria Olsson, Mikael Åström, Pia Rosander, Karin Wendin
Berries contain bioactive compounds that may affect children's cognitive function positively, while hunger and thirst during lessons before lunch affect academic performance negatively. This pilot study addresses methodological challenges in studying if a berry smoothie, offered to schoolchildren as a mid-morning beverage, affects academic performance. The objective was to investigate if a cross-over design can be used to study these effects in a school setting. Therefore, in order to investigate assay sensitivity, 236 Swedish children aged 10-12 years were administered either a berry smoothie (active) or a fruit-based control beverage after their mid-morning break...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200992/pre-treated-theaflavin-3-3-digallate-has-a-higher-inhibitory-effect-on-the-hct116-cell-line
#2
Yangping Ding, Bingcan Chen, Zili Gao, Huayi Suo, Hang Xiao
The pro-apoptotic and inhibitory effects of the aflavin-3,3'-digallate (TFDG), which is the typical pigment in black tea, have been demonstrated in many cancer cell lines. However, TFDG is not stable in general culture conditions. So, to what extent TFDG or which degradation products of TFDG play an antitumor role is still unclear. In this study, we evaluated the effect of different treatments of TFDG on HCT116 cells. Compared with the control, both TFDG and O-TFDG (the TFDG that was pre-incubated in an incubator at 37°C for 3 hbefore adding into 96-well plates) significantly inhibited HCT116 cell growth...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151835/opuntia-humifusa-modulates-morphological-changes-characteristic-of-asthma-via-il-4-and-il-13-in-an-asthma-murine-model
#3
Soon-Young Lee, Chun-Sik Bae, Young-Hoon Choi, Nam-Sook Seo, Chang-Su Na, Jin-Cheol Yoo, Seung Sik Cho, Dae-Hun Park
Asthma is a chronic pulmonary disease that affects an estimated 235 million people worldwide, but asthma drugs have many adverse effects. Opuntia humifusa (eastern prickly pear) has been used as a food and traditional medicine worldwide; however, its anti-asthmatic effects have not been reported. We evaluated O. humifusa as a potential therapeutic or preventive component of anti-asthmatic drugs. We divided ovalbumin-sensitized mice into the following groups: normal control, asthma-induced control, dexamethasone-treated group (positive control), 50 mg/kg O...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151834/late-introduction-of-fish-and-eggs-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-allergy-development-results-from-the-farmflora-birth-cohort
#4
K Jonsson, M Barman, H K Brekke, B Hesselmar, S Johansen, A-S Sandberg, A E Wold
The prevalence of allergy is markedly low in children growing up on farms. An increasing number of studies indicate that the timing of food introduction may affect allergy development. We aimed to investigate if protection against allergy in farm environments may be mediated through differences in food-introduction practices between farm and non-farm families, using an explorative approach. Twenty-eight farm and 37 non-farm children were included in the FARMFLORA birth cohort. Practices of breastfeeding and introduction of formulas and complementary foods were collected by questionnaires at 6, 12, and 18 months of age...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151833/effect-of-ewe-s-semi-skimmed-and-whole-and-cow-s-milk-yogurt-consumption-on-the-lipid-profile-of-control-subjects-a-crossover-study
#5
Begoña Olmedilla-Alonso, Esther Nova-Rebato, Natalia García-González, Ana-Belén Martín-Diana, Javier Fontecha, David Delgado, Ana-Elisa Gredilla, Francisco Bueno, Carmen Asensio-Vegas
Yogurt is the most widely consumed fermented milk product worldwide. Studies have mainly used milk and dairy products from cow, which have a lower fat content than those from ewe and a different lipid profile. This study investigated the effect on the lipid profile of control subjects of three different set yogurts: (a) semi-skimmed ewe´s milk yogurt (2.8% milk fat); (b) whole ewe´s milk yogurt (5.8 % milk fat); (c) cow´s milk yogurt (3 % milk fat). A randomized crossover study included 30 healthy adults (16 women) to consume 250 g/yogurt/day during three consecutive 5-weeks periods separated by 4-week washouts...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151832/relationship-between-agricultural-biodiversity-and-dietary-diversity-of-children-aged-6-36-months-in-rural-areas-of-northern-ghana
#6
Mahama Saaka, Shaibu Mohammed Osman, Irmgard Hoeschle-Zeledon
In this study, we investigated the relationship between agricultural biodiversity and dietary diversity of children and whether factors such as economic access may affect this relationship. This paper is based on data collected in a baseline cross-sectional survey in November 2013.The study population comprising 1200 mother-child pairs was selected using a two-stage cluster sampling. Dietary diversity was defined as the number of food groups consumed 24 h prior to the assessment. The number of crop and livestock species produced on a farm was used as the measure of production diversity...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151831/a-low-proportion-of-malnourished-patients-receive-nutrition-treatment-results-from-nutritionday
#7
C Henriksen, I M Gjelstad, H Nilssen, R Blomhoff
NutritionDay is a yearly point-prevalence study of malnutrition in hospitals from more than 50 countries. The aim of the present study was to quantify the frequency of malnutrition and the proportion of malnourished patients receiving nutritional treatment in two university hospitals in Norway using data from nutritionDay. All units at Oslo University Hospital (OUH) and University Hospital of Northern Norway (UNN) were invited to participate in nutritionDay 2014, and 28 out of 85 eligible units agreed to take part...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151830/antihypertensive-properties-of-tilapia-oreochromis-spp-frame-and-skin-enzymatic-protein-hydrolysates
#8
Hsin-Chieh Lin, Adeola M Alashi, Rotimi E Aluko, Bonnie Sun Pan, Yu-Wei Chang
Proteins from tilapia frame and skin can potentially be precursors of antihypertensive peptides according to the result of BIOPEP analyses. The aim was to generate peptides with inhibitory effects against angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and renin from tilapia frame and skin protein isolates (FPI and SPI). The most active hydrolysate was then tested for blood pressure-lowering ability in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Tilapia frame and skin protein hydrolysates (FPHs and SPHs) were respectively produced from FPI and SPI hydrolysis using pepsin, papain, or bromelain...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151829/validation-of-poiba-how-do-we-eat-questionnaire-in-9-10-years-old-schoolchildren
#9
Carles Ariza, Teresa Arechavala, Sara Valmayor, Gemma Serral, Albert Moncada, Luis Rajmil, Anna Schiaffino, Francesca Sánchez-Martínez
Background: It is difficult to obtain good food reports with Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQ) among children. In addition, validated questionnaires are scarce. Objective: The aim of this study was to validate the 'POIBA-How do we eat?' (POIBA-HDWE) FFQ and whether it could be administered to children under 10 years of age. Design: We validated the FFQ POIBA-HDWE as part of the Childhood Obesity Prevention Program (POIBA project) in Barcelona. Forty-two out of 63 primary school students (9-10 years old) answered three questionnaires: FFQ POBA-HDWE; another questionnaire, 'POIBA-How do our children eat?' (POIBA-HDOCE), which was administered to the children's parents; and the 24-h recall computer program 'Young Adolescents' Nutrition Assessment on Computer' (YANA-C), which was used on three different days as a gold standard...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056894/magnesium-bioavailability-from-mineral-waters-with-different-mineralization-levels-in-comparison-to-bread-and-a-supplement
#10
Inga Schneider, Theresa Greupner, Andreas Hahn
The aim of the present study was to compare the magnesium bioavailability from four mineral waters with different types of mineralization (e.g. SO4(2-), HCO3(-), calcium) with the magnesium bioavailability from bread and from a magnesium supplement. A single-center, randomized, controlled trial with a crossover design with 22 healthy men and women was conducted at the Institute of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Leibniz University Hannover, Germany. The participants consumed the six test products providing 100 mg of magnesium each on six examination days with a one-week washout phase in between...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056893/the-effect-of-school-meals-with-fatty-fish-on-adolescents-self-reported-symptoms-for-mental-health-fins-teens-a-randomized-controlled-intervention-trial
#11
Siv Skotheim, Katina Handeland, Marian Kjellevold, Jannike Øyen, Livar Frøyland, Øyvind Lie, Ingvild Eide Graff, Valborg Baste, Kjell Morten Stormark, Lisbeth Dahl
There is a growing body of evidence linking fish consumption and n-3 LCPUFAs to mental health. Still, the results from randomized trials with n-3 LCPUFAs show conflicting results, and it is possible that the combined effect of several nutrients in fish may explain the observed associations. To aim of the present study was to investigate if school meals with fatty fish three times per week for 12 weeks could alter mental health in a sample of typically developing adolescents. In the Fish Intervention Studies-TEENS (FINS-TEENS), adolescents from eight secondary schools (n=425) in Norway, were randomized to receive school meals with fatty fish, meat or n-3 LCPUFA supplements...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056892/antithrombotic-mechanism-of-polysaccharides-in-blackberry-rubus-spp-seeds
#12
Jinmei Wang, Pengli Lian, Qi Yu, Jinfeng Wei, Wenyi Kang
The blackberry seed was typically removed as a byproduct and waste from blackberry fruits for juices. Developing value-added utilization of berry seeds will significantly expand the market for berry products as well as improve benefit to berry producers. However, the research on blackberry seed is limited. The objective of this paper was to research antithrombotic mechanism of polysaccharides in blackberry seeds. Polysaccharides in blackberry seeds were extracted, purified and identified by high-performance gel permeation chromatography (HPSEC), gas chromatography (GC), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra (NMR)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056891/polygala-tenuifolia-extract-inhibits-lipid-accumulation-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes-and-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mouse-model-and-affects-hepatic-transcriptome-and-gut-microbiota-profiles
#13
Chun-Chung Wang, Jui-Hung Yen, Yi-Cheng Cheng, Chia-Yu Lin, Cheng-Ta Hsieh, Rung-Jiun Gau, Shu-Jiau Chiou, Hwan-You Chang
Obesity, the excessive accumulation of lipids in the body, is closely associated with many prevalent human disorders. Continued efforts to identify plant extracts that exhibit anti-obesity effects have drawn much attention. This study investigated whether a Polygala tenuifolia extract (PTE) possesses anti-obesity activity and how PTE may affect liver gene expression and gut microbiota. We used 3T3-L1 adipocytes and a high-fat diet-induced obese mouse model to determine the effects of PTE on lipid accumulation...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056890/association-of-raisin-consumption-with-nutrient-intake-diet-quality-and-health-risk-factors-in-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2012
#14
Victor L Fulgoni, James Painter, Arianna Carughi
Raisins are one of the most commonly consumed dried fruits. Because of their unique nutrient profile, raisins may have some distinctive health benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional association between raisin consumption and nutrient intake, dietary quality, body weight, and metabolic syndrome risk factors in adults. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2001-2012 (n = 29,684) were used. Raisin consumers (n = 458, 60% female) were defined as those having any amount of raisins during the first 24 h dietary recall...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056889/saturated-fat-a-never-ending-story
#15
Karianne Svendsen, Erik Arnesen, Kjetil Retterstøl
Science has no clear message regarding health effects of saturated fats, it seems. Different RCTs, prospective cohort studies and meta-analysis have led to contrasting conclusions. The aim of the present commentary is to discuss some possible reasons for an apparently never-ending fat controversy. They are of a purely scientific nature, which is important to recognize, but unfortunately hard to overcome. First is the placebo problem. In pharmaceutical science, evidence-based medicine is often synonymous with data on verified medical events from long-lasting double-blind randomized placebo controlled trials...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056888/effect-of-garlic-supplement-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-t2dm-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Juan Wang, Xiuming Zhang, Haili Lan, Weijia Wang
The present study was designed to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of garlic supplement in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Internet (CNKI) were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) by using the terms garlic and T2DM up to April 2017. The quality of included RCTs was assessed by the Cochrane tool of risk of bias, and data of outcomes were pooled by REVMAN 5.3. Clinical factors were handled by meta-regression and subgroup analysis, and risk of publication bias was explored by inverted funnel plots...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056887/dietary-coconut-water-vinegar-for-improvement-of-obesity-associated-inflammation-in-high-fat-diet-treated-mice
#17
Nurul Elyani Mohamad, Swee Keong Yeap, Huynh Ky, Wan Yong Ho, Sook Yee Boo, Joelle Chua, Boon-Kee Beh, Shaiful Adzni Sharifuddin, Kamariah Long, Noorjahan Banu Alitheen
Obesity has become a serious health problem worldwide. Various types of healthy food, including vinegar, have been proposed to manage obesity. However, different types of vinegar may have different bioactivities. This study was performed to evaluate the anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory effects of coconut water vinegar on high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. Changes in the gut microbiota of the mice were also evaluated. To induce obesity, C57/BL mice were continuously fed an HFD for 33 weeks. Coconut water vinegar (0...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970781/non-digestible-stachyose-promotes-bioavailability-of-genistein-through-inhibiting-intestinal-degradation-and-first-pass-metabolism-of-genistein-in-mice
#18
Yalong Lu, Dehui Lin, Wenfeng Li, Xingbin Yang
This study was designed to explore the molecular mechanism of stachyose in enhancing the gastrointestinal stability and absorption of soybean genistein in mice. Male Kunming mice in each group (n = 8) were administered by intragastric gavage with saline, stachyose (250 mg/kg·bw), genistein (100 mg/kg·bw), and stachyose (50, 250, and 500 mg/kg·bw) together with genistein (100 mg/kg·bw) for 4 consecutive weeks, respectively, and then their urine, feces, blood, gut, and liver were collected. UPLC-qTOF/MS analysis showed that levels of genistein and its metabolites (dihydrogenistein, genistein 7-sulfate sodium salt, genistein 4'-β-D-glucuronide, and genistein 7-β-D-glucuronide) in serum and urine were increased with an increase in stachyose dosages in mice...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970780/mulberry-branch-bark-powder-significantly-improves-hyperglycemia-and-regulates-insulin-secretion-in-type-ii-diabetic-mice
#19
Xiao-Lu Yin, Hua-Yu Liu, Yu-Qing Zhang
This experiment, based on the previous study on R. mori, introduces whole mulberry branch powder into the diet to treat diabetic mice. Mulberry branch bark powder (MBBP) was administered orally to streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type II diabetic (T2D) mice to investigate hypoglycemic effects. After a 4-week period of diet consumption containing 5%, 10% and 20% MBBP, the fasting blood glucose, body weight and the related western blotting were measured, pathologic and immunohistochemical were observed. The 20% MBBP group showed a significant reduction in hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia; fasting blood glucose and insulin decreased from 25...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970779/thiol-reducing-agents-prevent-sulforaphane-induced-growth-inhibition-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#20
Seung Cheol Kim, Boyun Choi, Youngjoo Kwon
The inhibitory potential of sulforaphane against cancer has been suggested for different types of cancer, including ovarian cancer. We examined whether this effect is mediated by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), important signaling molecules related to cell survival and proliferation, in ovarian cancer cells. Sulforaphane at a concentration of 10 μM effectively inhibited the growth of cancer cells. Use of specific inhibitors revealed that activation of MAPK pathways by sulforaphane is unlikely to mediate sulforaphane-induced growth inhibition...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
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