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Food & Nutrition Research

Yi-Ming Bi, Yu-Ting Wu, Ling Chen, Zhang-Bin Tan, Hui-Jie Fan, Ling-Peng Xie, Wen-Tong Zhang, Hong-Mei Chen, Jun Li, Bin Liu, Ying-Chun Zhou
Background: Oxidative stress-induced apoptosis plays an important role in the development of heart failure. 3,5-Dicaffeoylquinic acid (3,5-diCQA), a phenolic compound, has shown protective effects against oxidative stress in many diseases. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the anti-apoptosis potential of 3,5-diCQA in cardiomyocyte cells under oxidative stress and explore its underlying mechanisms. Design: A model of tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP)-induced apoptosis in a cardiomyocyte cell line (H9C2) was established...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Nghia Duc Pham, W Martens, M A Karim, M U H Joardder
Background: The retention of health promoting components in nutrient-rich dried food is significantly affected by the dehydration method. Theoretical and experimental investigations reported in the literature have demonstrated that intermittent microwave convective drying (IMCD) can effectively improve the drying performance. However, the impact of this advanced drying method on the quality food has not been adequately investigated. Design: A programmable NN-SD691S Panasonic inverter microwave oven (1100 W, 2450 MHz) was employed for the experiments...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Xin Wu, Chuan-Qi Xie, Qiang-Qiang Zhu, Ming-Yue Wang, Bin Sun, Yan-Ping Huang, Chang Shen, Meng-Fei An, Yun-Li Zhao, Xuan-Jun Wang, Jun Sheng
Background: Green tea ( Camelliasinensis [L.] Kuntze) belongs to the plant family Theaceae and is mainly distributed in East Asia, the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. This plant has been proven to be beneficial to human health, and green tea is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water. However, until now, the effect of green tea aqueous extract (GTE) upon postmenopausal osteoporosis has remained unclear. In this study, we investigated the therapeutic effects of GTE on estrogen deficiency-induced osteoporosis and explored the possible mechanisms in vivo and in vitro ...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Koichi Misawa, Hiroko Jokura, Akira Shimotoyodome
Background: Compared to white rice, brown rice induces a lower glycemic response in healthy and diabetic humans. This effect is partly attributed to the higher amounts of water- or oil-soluble bran components and dietary fiber in brown rice. We hypothesized that dietary supplementation with oil-soluble rice bran triterpenoids (RBTs; triterpene alcohol and sterol prepared from rice bran) might reduce the incidence of postprandial hyperglycemia in healthy humans. Objective: We examined the acute effects of a single RBT-supplemented meal on the postprandial blood glucose responses of healthy male adults in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Ruth J Kamoto, William Kasapila, Tinna A Ng'ong'ola-Manani
Grain amaranth-wheat flour bread was optimised using ascorbic acid (0.03% dry weight basis) and fungal α-amylase (10 ppm) to investigate their effects on sensory properties of the breads. Six formulations were used in the ratios of 5:95, 10:90, 15:85, 20:80 and 25:75 grain amaranth to wheat flour compositions, while the control bread had 100% wheat flour. Consumer acceptability and preference ranking tests were conducted to describe and evaluate preference and acceptability of the breads. Analysis of consumer acceptability data revealed that there were significant differences ( p < 0...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Yu-Chun Chen, Yi-Chen Huang, Yuan-Ting C Lo, Hsing-Juan Wu, Mark L Wahlqvist, Meei-Shyuan Lee
Objective: To compare two Nutrition and Health Surveys in Taiwan (NAHSITs) 15-18 years apart to evaluate secular changes in ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption and expenditure among Taiwanese adolescents aged 16-18 years and the influences of such changes on dietary quality. Design: This cross-sectional study was based on two representative surveys (NAHSIT 1993-1996, n = 788; NAHSIT 2011, n = 1,274) of senior high school students. Dietary information and food expenditure were based on 24-h dietary recall...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Torill M Enget Jensen, Tonje Braaten, Bjarne Koster Jacobsen, Runa Borgund Barnung, Anja Olsen, Guri Skeie
Background: High adherence to the Healthy Nordic Food Index has been associated with better health outcomes, but the results have not been consistent. The association between high adherence and higher intake of energy and healthy and less healthy foods has been persistent across countries, highlighting the need to examine potential confounding by energy intake. Objective: This study aimed to examine energy-adjusted dietary factors and lifestyle factors related to the index in a Norwegian context...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Maria Grorud Fagerhøi, Silvia Rollefstad, Sissel Urke Olsen, Anne Grete Semb
Background: Patients with inflammatory joint diseases (IJD) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to the general population. Nutritional advice has been shown to influence CVD risk factors. Our objective was to evaluate whether an individually tailored dietary counselling versus a brief standardised advice on heart-friendly diet had comparable effect on change in diet, lipids and blood pressure (BP) in patients with IJD. Methods: Thirty-one patients with IJD aged 40-80 years received a brief standardised advice (4 min) on heart-friendly diet by a physician...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Lotta Moraeus, Eva Warensjö Lemming, Ulla-Kaisa Koivisto Hursti, Marianne Arnemo, Jessica Petrelius Sipinen, Anna-Karin Lindroos
Background: Nationally representative information on food consumption data is essential to evaluate dietary habits, inform policy-making and nutritional guidelines, as well as forming a basis for risk assessment and identification of risk groups. Objective: To describe the methods used in the Swedish national dietary survey of adolescents, Riksmaten Adolescents 2016-2017. Design: Students in grades 5, 8, and 11 (mean ages 12, 15, and 18 years) were recruited in this school-based cross-sectional survey...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Ui-Jin Bae, Eun-Soo Jung, Su-Jin Jung, Soo-Wan Chae, Byung-Hyun Park
Background: Augmenting glucose utilization in skeletal muscle via the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3 kinase)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway or the adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway is necessary to regulate hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Objective: We investigated the effect of mulberry leaf extract (MLE) on glucose uptake in skeletal muscle cells and explored its in vivo antidiabetic potential. Design: Male db/db mice were treated with either MLE (50 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg, and 250 mg/kg) or metformin (100 mg/kg) for 8 weeks...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Alessandro Attanzio, Luisa Tesoriere, Sonya Vasto, Anna Maria Pintaudi, Maria A Livrea, Mario Allegra
Background: Dietary ingredients and food components are major modifiable factors protecting immune system and preventing the progression of a low-grade chronic inflammation responsible for age-related diseases. Objective: Our study explored whether cactus pear ( Opuntia ficus-indica , Surfarina cultivar) fruit supplementation modulates plasma inflammatory biomarkers in healthy adults. Correlations between inflammatory parameters and antioxidant status were also assessed in parallel...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Elisabet R Hillesund, Elling Bere, Linda R Sagedal, Ingvild Vistad, Hilde L Seiler, Monica K Torstveit, Nina C Øverby
Background: Randomized controlled trials targeting maternal dietary and physical activity behaviors during pregnancy have generally failed to accomplish reductions in the prevalence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Interventions carried out during pregnancy could thus be missing the mark in maximizing intervention health benefit. Objective: To investigate whether pre-pregnancy and early pregnancy dietary behavior as reported at inclusion into the Norwegian Fit for Delivery (NFFD) trial was associated with maternal and neonatal outcomes irrespective of subsequent randomization assignment...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Anne Dahl Lassen, Sisse Fagt, Maria Lennernäs, Maria Nyberg, Irja Haapalar, Anne V Thorsen, Anna C M Møbjerg, Anne M Beck
We conducted a systematic review of randomised studies on the impact of worksite interventions to promote healthier food and/or physical activity among people who work irregular hours 'around the clock', that is, outside of ordinary daytime working hours. The population-intervention-comparator-outcomes-study (PICOS) design format was used. Data sources were PubMed and CINAHL. An updated search was conducted on October 2017 using Google Scholar and the related articles function in PubMed on initially included studies to identify additional studies...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Yue-Hong Lu, Cheng-Rui Tian, Chun-Yan Gao, Wen-Jing Wang, Wen-Yi Yang, Xiao Kong, You-Xia Chen, Zhen-Zhen Liu
Protective effect of free phenolics from Lycopus lucidus Turcz. root (FPLR) on CCl4 -induced hepatotoxicity in vivo and in vitro was first evaluated. Oral administration of FPLR (100 mg/kg bw) to mice significantly reduced the CCl4 -induced elevation of serum alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, triacylglycerols, total cholesterol, and total bilirubin. FPLR also increased the hepatic GSH contents and antioxidant enzyme activities of SOD and CAT and decreased the hepatic MDA level...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Siyuan Chen, Yaoyao Xia, Guoqiang Zhu, Jiameng Yan, Chengquan Tan, Baichuan Deng, Jinping Deng, Yulong Yin, Wenkai Ren
Background: Intestinal stem cells can be differentiated into absorptive enterocytes and secretory cells, including Paneth cells, goblet cells, and enteroendocrine cells. Glutamine is a primary metabolic fuel of small intestinal enterocytes and is essential for the viability and growth of intestinal cells. Objective: Whether glutamine supplementation affects the differentiation of intestinal stem cells is unknown. Design: Three-week-old ICR (Institute of Cancer Research) male mice were divided randomly into two groups: 1) mice receiving a basal diet and normal drinking water and 2) mice receiving a basal diet and drinking water supplemented with glutamine...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Priscilia Lianto, Fredrick O Ogutu, Yani Zhang, Feng He, Huilian Che
Background: Quail egg (QE) has been reported to possess an anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory activity. We have demonstrated that whole QE was able to attenuate the allergic symptoms in food allergy-induced EoE murine model, but whether QE albumen or QE yolk plays a more important role still remains unclear. Objective: In this current study, we investigated the suppressive role of QE in mast cell degranulation and cytokine production of the effect phase response...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Wenbo Ye, Liang Liu, Juan Yu, Shilin Liu, Qiang Yong, Yimin Fan
Partially deacetylated α-chitin nanofibers/nanowhiskers mixtures (DEChNs) were prepared by 35% sodium hydroxide (NaOH) treatment followed by disintegration in water at pH 3-4. The aim of this study was to investigate the hypolipidemic effects of DEChNs at different dosage levels in male Kunming mice. The male mice were randomly separated into five groups, that is, a normal diet group, a high-fat diet group, and three DEChN groups that were treated with different doses of DEChN dispersions (L: low dose, M: medium dose, H: high dose)...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Chenyan Lv, Yifei Wang, Cui Zhou, Weiwei Ma, Yuexin Yang, Rong Xiao, Huanling Yu
Background: Dietary saturated fatty acids are always being hotly debated. Palm olein rich in saturated fatty acids (45.98%) is often considered as being atherogenic nutritionally. There is a lack of information on effects of dietary oil by partially replacing with palm olein on human health. Methods: A randomized controlled trial with 88 participants has been conducted to elucidate the effect of palm olein on cardiovascular risk factors. Results: By comparing the soybean oil group (saturated fatty acids amounted to 23...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Yueyue Meng, Bailiang Li, Da Jin, Meng Zhan, Jingjing Lu, Guicheng Huo
Background: Probiotics in fermented foods have attracted considerable attention lately as treatment options for immune diseases, the incidence of which has been increasing throughout the world. Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate the immunomodulatory activity of Lactobacillus plantarum ( L. plantarum ) KLDS1.0318 in cyclophosphamide-treated mice. Design: To investigate the immune-enhancing effects of L. plantarum KLDS1...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Igor Sukhotnik, Dalia Moati, Ron Shaoul, Boaz Loberman, Yulia Pollak, Betty Schwartz
Background: Gastrointestinal mucositis occurs as a consequence of cytotoxic treatment. Quercetin (QCT) is a bioflavonoid that exerts significant antioxidant activity and anti-inflammatory as well as anti-malignancy properties. Objective: To evaluate the effects of oral QCT consumption in preventing intestinal mucosal damage and stimulating intestinal recovery following methotrexate (MTX)-induced intestinal damage in a rat model. Design: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: Control Group A (CONTR) - rats were treated with 2 cc of saline given by gavage for 6 days...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
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