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Journal of Infection and Public Health

Cássia F Estofolete, Ana C B Terzian, Tatiana E Colombo, Georgia de Freitas Guimarães, Helio C Ferraz, Rafael A da Silva, Gilmar V Greque, Maurício L Nogueira
BACKGROUND: The recent introduction of new arboviruses in the Americas, as Zika virus (ZIKV) and Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), increased the risk of outbreaks and arboviral co-infections. Herein, we report twelve cases of co-infection of ZIKV and different DENV serotypes in a city located in the northwest region of São Paulo State, Brazil, which is hyper-endemic to Dengue. METHODS: Between January and November 2016, 1254 suspected cases of arboviral infection were available by our surveillance program in São José do Rio Preto...
October 6, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Mehrbakhsh Nilashi, Hossein Ahmadi, Leila Shahmoradi, Othman Ibrahim, Elnaz Akbari
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. Supervised data mining techniques have been successful in hepatitis disease diagnosis through a set of datasets. Many methods have been developed by the aids of data mining techniques for hepatitis disease diagnosis. The majority of these methods are developed by single learning techniques. In addition, these methods do not support the ensemble learning of the data. Combining the outputs of several predictors can result in improved accuracy in classification problems...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Khalid Alfakeekh, Mohammed Azar, Banan Al Sowailmi, Saja Alsulaiman, Salwa Al Makdob, Aamir Omair, Esam Albanyan, Manal Saleh Bawazeer
INTRODUCTION: Patients with primary childhood nephrotic syndrome (PCNS) develop alterations in their cellular and humoral immunity that predisposes them to the development of infection, and lead them to have frequent relapses. Also, infection could be significantly enhanced by immunosuppressive agents. This study aims to estimate the immunosuppressive burden, rate of infection and identify possible risk factors in PCNS requiring hospitalization. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study of hospitalized children≤14years of age diagnosed with PCNS in King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Riyadh from January 2003 to December 2013...
September 29, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Nazish Parveen, Arshi Islam, Ayesha Tazeen, Malik Hisamuddin, Mohd Abdullah, Irshad H Naqvi, Md I Faizan, Divya Gulyani, Anwar Ahmed, Shama Parveen
BACKGROUND: Dengue is a rapidly emerging arthropod borne viral infection affecting tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Dengue is an acute febrile illness but sometimes causes more fatal complications like dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Delhi, the capital of India has become hyper endemic for dengue virus because all the four serotypes are circulating here. METHODS: The present study describes the identification of dengue virus from clinical samples collected from the suspected dengue patients from New Delhi, India during 2016...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
S Priyanka, M Jayashree, R Shivani, S Anwesha, K V Bhaskara Rao, Arnold E I
OBJECTIVE: The present study was focused on the characterization and in silico analysis of antibacterial compound derived from marine actinobacteria isolated from the sediments of salterns of Ongole, Andhra Pradesh, India. METHODS: The sediment sample was serially diluted and marine actinobacteria were isolated in actinomycetes isolation agar. A total of 9 colonies were recovered and among them, 5 morphologically distinct isolates were selected for further processing...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Maher Al Matar, Mushira Enani, Ghada Binsaleh, Hala Roushdy, Deema Alokaili, Amira Al Bannai, Yasser Khidir, Hail Al-Abdely
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antibiotic prescribing trends, qualitatively and quantitatively, among Saudi Ministry of Health (MOH) hospitals. METHOD AND MATERIALS: In May 2016, information about the hospitals and patients was collected for all inpatients from 26 MOH hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Additional information about antibiotic treatment and infections was gathered. Data collection was done using Global Point Prevalence Survey (PPS) tool designed by University of Antwerp, Belgium...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Laura Sante, Armando Aguirre-Jaime, Maria Antonia Miguel, María José Ramos, Yanet Pedroso, María Lecuona
OBJECTIVE: Secondary bacteraemia infections (SBI) are poorly studied. We analyse the epidemiology of nosocomial SBI, potential risk factors and mortality of affected patients. METHODS: Prospective study of patients with bacteraemia from 2009 to 2014 in a tertiary hospital. For each SBI was recorded: primary source of infection, aetiological agent, demographic data, intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors and mortality during the episode. RESULTS: 429/1918 episodes of Nosocomial Bacteraemia (NB) (22%) were SBI (average Incidence Density: 0...
September 25, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Lin Li, Wenti Xu, Abram L Wagner, Xiaochun Dong, Jieying Yin, Ying Zhang, Matthew L Boulton
BACKGROUND: Workplaces are a common location for infectious disease transmission among adults. To provide recommendations regarding appropriate health promotion programs, we evaluated the impact of three different interventions on factory workers. METHODS: In a prospective intervention study carried out from October 2012 to June 2013, three factories were selected and each was assigned a different intervention method (i.e. self-study group, manager training group and interactional group discussion group)...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Rimah A Almohammed, Emma L Bird
The aim of this review was to assess public knowledge and behaviours in relation to antibiotic use in GCC countries. A systematic review was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE and other relevant databases. Cross-sectional studies published from January 2000 to June 2017 relating to public knowledge and behaviours towards antibiotic use were included. Overall nine studies met the inclusion criteria for this systematic review. Nearly half of general public respondents in the GCC region reported a lack of knowledge about antibiotic use and showed negative attitudes towards antibiotic utilisation...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Pragya D Yadav, Deepak Y Patil, Devendra T Mourya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Yerly M Useche, Berta N Restrepo, Doris M Salgado, Carlos F Narváez, Omer Campo, Gabriel Bedoya
BACKGROUND: Etiologic studies provide evidence that IL-4R and IL-6R receptors may play important roles in the regulatory mechanisms of the development of clinical dengue, especially in children which is a segment of the population with high severe dengue risk. Moreover, the allele frequencies and genetic associations may be influenced by the populational genetic background. Therefore, we performed a case-control study to evaluate possible associations between SNPs in IL4R and IL6R genes and clinical dengue in children from two Colombian populations...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Engy M El-Ghitany
BACKGROUND: The Egyptian model of care against hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a great success in treatment and treatment accessibility, but still screening efforts must be strengthened. HCV is a silent infection when most of infected people are unaware of their infection. EGCRISC is a newly developed and validated risk-based HCV screening tool in Egypt that has shown a considerably good performance but is still underused. This brief communication is to analyze its use cost-effectiveness versus mass screening...
September 13, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Raymond A Tutu, Sangeeta Gupta, Sathyanarayana Elavarthi, Janice D Busingye, John K Boateng
BACKGROUND: Foodborne diseases are significant reasons for in-patient and out-patient morbidity in Ghana. Of the foodborne illnesses reported in the country, cholera incidence and outbreaks have resulted in food-related mortality since the disease was first reported in the 1970s. Cholera is now endemic in the country. This study attempts to develop and pilot a tool to measure household health literacy among the urban poor in James Town, a cholera endemic neighborhood. METHODS: A survey questionnaire was developed based on four of the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendations on issues for measurement of health literacy in low- and middle-income countries...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Nadin N Toaima, Rasha H El-Owaidy, Dina L Zaki, Lerine B Eldin
INTRODUCTION: There is a possible association between obesity and infections. We sought to investigate phagocytic functions in obese children and their relation to serum leptin levels. METHODS: A cross sectional, controlled study was conducted, comprising 40 cases with simple visceral-type obesity. Subjects were evaluated for percentage of caloric intake, frequency and type of infections, body mass index (BMI) z score, in addition to complete blood counting, serum leptin assay (ELISA) and Dihydrorhodamine (DHR) flowcytometry...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Palanisamy Sivanandy, Foong Zi Xien, Lee Woon Kit, Yeoh Tze Wei, Kuan Hui En, Lian Chia Lynn
The H7N9 subtype of avian influenza is an enzootic and airborne virus which caused an influenza outbreak in China. Infected individuals mostly worked with poultry, suggesting H7N9 virus-infected poultry as the primary source of human infection. Significantly increased levels of proinflammatory mediators (chemokines, cytokines) during virus infection could hamper the immune system and aggravate the infection. Severe cases are marked by fulminant pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and encephalopathy...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Christina Bergqvist, Yasmin Abi Aad, Dany Nassar, Saeed El Zein, Souha S Kanj
Concomitant disseminated herpes simplex virus (HSV) and varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection is a rare event. We describe a case of disseminated HSV and VZV infection in an 80-year-old patient many years after splenectomy for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). This is the first case of disseminated HSV-1 and VZV infection with molecular evidence of the simultaneous presence of both viruses in two different body sites (the skin and cerebrospinal fluid). This adds to the three reports of patients developing cutaneous disseminated herpes zoster multiple years after splenectomy for ITP...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Kevin J Moore, Aliyah Gauri, Tulay Koru-Sengul
BACKGROUND: The US Baby Boomer (BB) generation is associated with high rates of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. There is limited literature detailing age-specific risk factors for HCV infection. Using a nationally representative sample, this study examines US adult HCV prevalence and age-specific risk factors for chronic HCV infection. METHODS: We analyzed data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for years 1999-2012. Age was divided into three categories: BB, younger than BB (YG) and older than BB (OG)...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Sayida A Al-Jamei, Abla Y Albsoul, Faris G Bakri, Amal G Al-Bakri
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence, phenotypes, and genotypes of extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) among patients with urinary tract infection along with identifying the associated risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at two tertiary hospitals in Amman, Jordan between June and October, 2016. One hundred twenty one E. coli isolates from hospitalized patients with urinary tract infection were phenotypically assessed for ESBL production using the double disc diffusion test...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Chen Li, Yi Li, Zhichang Zhao, Qing Liu, Bin Li
BACKGROUND: Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) has become a serious public health problem. Limited information is available about the treatment options that physicians used to fight CRE infections and related clinical outcomes in China. The aim of the present study was to explore the treatment options and clinical outcomes of patients with CRE bloodstream infection (BSI) in a Chinese teaching hospital. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted during 2011 to 2015 in one Chinese teaching hospital...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Salah Al Awaidi, Suleiman Abusrewil, Muslim AbuHasan, Meral Akcay, Fatma Nur Baran Aksakal, Uzma Bashir, Omar Elahmer, Abdoulreza Esteghamati, Milad Gahwagi, Yusuf Kamal Mirza, Cindy Grasso, George Kassianos, Moulud Khris, Masoud Mardani, Helena Maltezou, Jalal Nourlil, Hicham Oumzil, Ab Osterhaus, Valentina Picot, Tamer Pehlivan, Mitra Saadatian-Elahi, İlham Tali, Hesham Tarraf, Baris Ugur, Hassan Zaraket
BACKGROUND: The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region faces a dual challenge with regard to influenza infection due to severe zoonotic influenza outbreaks episodes and the circulation of Northern Hemisphere human influenza viruses among pilgrims. METHODS: The MENA Influenza Stakeholder Network (MENA-ISN) was set-up with the aim of increasing seasonal influenza vaccination coverage by (i) enhancing evidence-based exchanges, and (ii) increasing awareness on the safety and benefits of seasonal vaccination...
August 17, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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