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Journal of Infection and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343794/sickness-presenteeism-among-health-care-providers-in-an-academic-tertiary-care-center-in-riyadh
#1
Mohammed Al Nuhait, Khaled Al Harbi, Amjad Al Jarboa, Rami Bustami, Shmaylan Alharbi, Abdulkareem Albekairy, Hind Almodaimegh
The term sickness presenteeism (SP) has been described as the act of going to work despite having a state of health that may be regarded as poor enough to justify sick leave. SP has been observed to be prevalent among three-quarters of health care providers (HCPs). Working while sick not only puts patients at risk but also decreases productivity and increases the probability of medical errors. Moreover, SP has been identified as a risk factor for many negative health outcomes among the HCPs themselves, such as depression, burnout, and serious cardiac events...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343793/critical-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature-on-healthcare-privatization-and-its-association-with-access-to-medical-care-in-saudi-arabia
#2
REVIEW
Abdulwahab A Alkhamis
This paper is a review of the literature on hospitals privatization to assess the influence of privatization on access to medical care. The results are used to complete further analysis on the situation in Saudi Arabia. Over 979 references were initially identified through a database search, and an additional 237 were included from other sources. From these sources, only 11 articles were considered for review after excluding the ineligible articles, such as those that did not meet the hospitals privatization's definition or other exclusion criteria...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330701/modeling-malaria-control-intervention-effect-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-using-intervention-time-series-analysis
#3
Osadolor Ebhuoma, Michael Gebreslasie, Lethumusa Magubane
The change of the malaria control intervention policy in South Africa (SA), re-introduction of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), may be responsible for the low and sustained malaria transmission in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN). We evaluated the effect of the re-introduction of DDT on malaria in KZN and suggested practical ways the province can strengthen her already existing malaria control and elimination efforts, to achieve zero malaria transmission. We obtained confirmed monthly malaria cases in KZN from the malaria control program of KZN from 1998 to 2014...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320594/epidemiological-survey-of-human-brucellosis-in-inner-mongolia-china-2010-2014-a-high-risk-groups-based-survey
#4
Cao Ning, Guo Shuyi, Yan Tao, Zhu Hao, Xingguang Zhang
Brucellosis, a zoonosis which can seriously harm public health. Inner Mongolia is known as an endemic region of human brucellosis in China. The aim of this study is to present the epidemic of human brucellosis in Inner Mongolia from 2010 to 2014, and to provide the evidence of preventing from brucellosis in endemic areas. The study included 838,956 participants by cluster random sampling from 2010 to 2014. The contents of this study included questionnaire survey and serological testing. The seropositive rate was calculated based on the serological testing results, tested to determine whether the participants were infected by brucellosis...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330584/central-line-associated-sepsis-in-children-receiving-parenteral-nutrition-in-oman
#5
Tawfiq T Al Lawati, Adawaiya Al Jamie, Nasra Al Mufarraji
Parenteral Nutrition (PN) is used when gut fails to provide complete nutrition. Central line Associate Blood Stream Infection (CLABSI) a major complication of this therapy. The objective of the study was to report the incidence of CLABSI and associated mortality in children receiving PN in the Royal Hospital and study the indication and duration of PN use. All children from the age of 0-48 months who received TPN outside NICU from the period between 1/1/2011 till 31/12/2014 were included. Data were retrieved from the hospital electronic data base...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330585/molecular-detection-of-leptospirosis-and-melioidosis-co-infection-a-case-report
#6
Mohammad Ridhuan Mohd Ali, Amira Wahida Mohamad Safiee, Padmaloseni Thangarajah, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Alwi Muhd Besari, Nabilah Ismail, Chan Yean Yean
Leptospirosis and melioidosis are important tropical infections caused by Leptospira and Burkholdheria pseudomallei, respectively. As both infections share similar clinical manifestations yet require different managements, complementary laboratory tests are crucial for the diagnosis. We describe a case of Leptospira and B. pseudomallei co-infection in a diabetic 40-year-old woman with history of visit to a freshwater camping site in northern Malaysia. To our knowledge, this is the first case of such double-infection, simultaneously demonstrated by molecular approach...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302512/seroepidemiology-of-hepatitis-a-hepatitis-b-and-varicella-virus-in-people-living-with-hiv-in-ireland
#7
Corinna Sadlier, Anna O'Rourke, Alison Carr, Colm Bergin
Epidemiological studies investigating seroprevalence of vaccine preventable infections at both individual and population level are important in guiding screening and vaccination practices. Data on seroprevalence of common vaccine preventable infections in HIV-infected individuals is lacking. We carried out a retrospective cohort study to investigate serological immunity and factors associated with immunity to hepatitis A virus (HAV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and varicalla virus (VZV) in a cohort of HIV-infected individuals attending a large ambulatory HIV specialist centre in Ireland...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292647/transfusion-transmitted-infections-in-frequently-transfused-thalassemic-children-living-in-fayoum-governorate-egypt-current-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#8
Zeze Th Atwa, Wafaa Y Abdel Wahed
Regular blood transfusion therapy remains the primary treatment in thalassemia major (TM). Transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) and iron overload are considered to be the major drawbacks of this therapy. This cross-sectional study aimed to update the prevalence of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody, PCR-confirmed HCV, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody among TM children. Clinical and epidemiological factors that can affect HCV infection prevalence rate were studied...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285973/effect-of-meteorological-variables-on-plasmodium-vivax-and-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-outbreak-prone-districts-of-rajasthan-india
#9
Mercy A L Lingala
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a public health problem caused by Plasmodium parasite and transmitted by anopheline mosquitoes. Arid and semi-arid regions of western India are prone to malaria outbreaks. Malaria outbreak prone districts viz. Bikaner, Barmer and Jodhpur were selected to study the effect of meteorological variables on Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum malaria outbreaks for the period of 2009-2012. METHOD: The data of monthly malaria cases and meteorological variables was analysed using SPSS 20v...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285972/tp-e-interval-and-tp-e-qt-ratio-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#10
Sefa Ünal, Çağrı Yayla, Burak Açar, Ahmet G Ertem, Mehmet K Akboğa, Serkan Gökaslan, Mehmet A Erdöl, Meliha Ç Sönmezer, Esra Kaya Kiliç, Çiğdem Ataman Hatipoğlu, Sinan Aydoğdu, Ahmet Temizhan
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and AIDS are known to cause cardiovascular diseases such as premature coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, and arrhythmias. Recently, Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio has been shown as a novel marker of ventricular repolarization. We aimed to evaluate the ventricular repolarization using Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio in patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection. Totally 48 patients with HIV and 60 control subjects were enrolled to the study...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285971/antibiotic-resistance-italian-awareness-survey-2016
#11
Anna Prigitano, Luisa Romanò, Francesco Auxilia, Silvana Castaldi, Anna M Tortorano
Antimicrobial resistance has become a public health priority worldwide. The WHO conducted a survey concerning the personal use of antibiotics, knowledge of appropriate use and awareness of the issue of resistance. A similar survey was conducted in Italy involving 666 young university students and 131 seniors attending courses of the University of the third age. Antibiotics seem to be taken with moderate frequency and appropriately: 30% of respondents took them in the past six months and 94% took these drugs only prescribed by a doctor, in the correct dose and for the proper duration...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285970/longitudinal-study-of-thai-people-media-exposure-knowledge-and-behavior-on-dengue-fever-prevention-and-control
#12
Smith Boonchutima, Kirati Kachentawa, Manasanun Limpavithayakul, Anan Prachansri
Dengue hemorrhagic fever is transmitted through a bite by a dengue -infected Aedes aegypti mosquito. It was first reported in the mid -20th century in Thailand, and since then its epidemiology has been of great concern and has spread all across the country. The alarming incidence of dengue posed a serious threat to human health in all major cities of Thailand. This study was aimed at identifying the level of awareness of dengue fever in Thai population knowledge for prevention and control, and most importantly contribution of media in educating masses for dengue control measures...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283368/are-the-saudi-parents-aware-of-antibiotic-role-in-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children
#13
Abdulaziz S Alrafiaah, Meaad H Alqarny, Haneen Y Alkubedan, Sulaiman AlQueflie, Aamir Omair
Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is considered to be the most common reason for children's visits to emergency departments or outpatient clinics. The misuse and overuse of antibiotics are currently major public health problems worldwide. This study aimed to assess Saudi parents' knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding the use of antibiotics in URTIs in children. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Saudi Arabia using a previously validated questionnaire, which was distributed using Twitter...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279619/led-fluorescence-microscopy-novel-method-for-malaria-diagnosis-compared-with-routine-methods
#14
Riddhi Hathiwala, Preeti R Mehta, Gita Nataraj, Siddhi Hathiwala
Rapid and accurate diagnosis of malaria is the need of hour for effective management and controlling drug resistance. The conventional and gold-standard method, Light microscopy (LM), is time-consuming, requires trained staff and well-maintained equipments. The newly developed, rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) are fast and reliable, but give only qualitative results, are expensive and have short shelf life. Light Emission Diode fluorescence microscopy (LED FM) may provide a reliable alternative which can be used for routine diagnosis...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262571/impediments-of-reporting-dengue-cases-in-india
#15
REVIEW
Sushmita Das, Asim Sarfraz, Nitesh Jaiswal, Pradeep Das
Dengue has emerged as one of the most important mosquito-borne, fatal flaviviral disease, apparently expanding as a global health problem. An estimated 3.6 billion people are at risk for dengue, with 50 million infections per year occurring across 100 countries globally. The annual number of dengue fever cases in India is many times higher than it is officially reported. This under reporting would play a major role in the government's decision-making. Underestimating of the disease in India encumbers its people from taking preventive measures, discourages efforts to ensnare the sources of the disease and deliberates efforts for vaccine research...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245964/molecular-modelling-and-docking-analysis-of-katg-and-rpob-gene-in-mdr-tb-isolates-from-north-central-indian-population
#16
Ravi Prakash, Rahul Gupta, Vishwa M Katoch, Pramod K Tiwari
Tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, requires multi drug therapy approach. Drug resistance in M. tuberculosis is caused by mutations in specific regions in drug target genes. The study aimed to identify mutations in katG and rpoB genes and investigate the drug-drug target interactions. A total of 27 MDR-TB isolates were sequenced for katG and rpoB genes and docking and MIC analysis were performed. Three types of mutations for katG gene (Arg463Leu in all isolates of Sahariya and non-tribes; Asp529Thr and Asp529His, each in two isolates only, in Sahariya) were observed...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237696/toxoplasmosis-in-rodents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-in-iran
#17
REVIEW
Shahram Khademvatan, Masoud Foroutan, Khosrow Hazrati-Tappeh, Sahar Dalvand, Hamidreza Khalkhali, Sajjad Masoumifard, Faezeh Hedayati-Rad
During recent years, implication of rodents in the epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii is overlooked in Iran; thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in rodents of Iran. For this purpose, following the general methodology recommended for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, 5 English and 3 Persian databases were explored from 1 January 2000 till 10 September 2016 using related keywords. Finally, 9 out of 291 citations were met to be included in this study...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237695/seroprevalence-study-of-toscana-virus-and-viruses-belonging-to-the-sandfly-fever-naples-antigenic-complex-in-central-and-southern-italy
#18
Serena Marchi, Claudia M Trombetta, Otfried Kistner, Emanuele Montomoli
Sandfly fever viruses are transmitted by the bite of phlebotomine sandflies; serotypes sandfly fever Naples virus, sandfly fever Sicilian virus and sandfly fever Cyprus virus cause febrile illness, whereas Toscana virus (TOSV) may cause neuroinvasive infections. Although TOSV is an important cause of aseptic meningitis in central and southern Italy, in many cases the infection is asymptomatic, leading to underestimation of the actual spread of the virus. This serosurvey aimed to assess the seroprevalence of TOSV in a random population in Siena (Tuscany, central Italy) in 2003-2004 and 2013-2014 and Bari (Apulia, southern Italy) in 2004 and 2015...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237694/analysis-of-clinical-and-microbiological-data-on-acinetobacter-baumannii-strains-assist-the-preauthorization-of-antibiotics-at-the-patient-level-for-an-effective-antibiotic-stewardship-program
#19
Khine Swe Swe-Han, Koleka P Mlisana, Manormoney Pillay
Drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) poses serious treatment challenges and is on the rise worldwide. The Infectious Diseases Society of America/Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America recommends preauthorization of antibiotics to ensure successful antibiotic stewardship programs (ASWPs). This study estimates and analyzes the microbiological and clinical characteristics of A. baumanii strains with differentiating criteria for sepsis versus colonization, in order to support preauthorization and assist ASWPs at the patient level...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254460/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-about-malaria-in-south-western-saudi-arabia-a-household-based-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Sami Khairy, Khaled Al-Surimi, Anna Ali, Hussam M Shubily, Nisreen Al Walaan, Mowafa Househ, Ashraf El-Metwally
This study aimed to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) concerning malaria and malaria prevention among rural populations residing in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. This was a household-based cross-sectional survey, using structured questionnaire that was developed and distributed among households selected randomly from 19 villages (clusters) located in a southwestern region of Saudi Arabia, north of the border with Yemen. The data collected were analyzed using SPSS version 20...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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