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Journal of Infection and Public Health

Hanan H Balkhy, Aiman El-Saed, Faisal M Sanai, Mohammad Alqahtani, Mashael Alonaizi, Nermeen Niazy, Abdulrahman Aljumah
BACKGROUND: Non-adherence with recommended follow-up visits is a major barrier for completing treatment of viral hepatitis and is consequently associated with unfavorable outcomes of health services. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the magnitude and identify perceived reasons and patient characteristics associated with loss to follow-up in a tertiary care setting. METHODS: A two-step cross-sectional study design was used, including a chart review (2011) followed by phone survey (2012)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Sahar M Kheir, Shamsoun Khamis Kafi, Patrik Ryden, Haitham Elbir, Mohammed A Soliman, Shima Ali, Ramy Abulikailik, Khadega Ahamed, Hasan Abu-Aisha
The culture negative peritonitis in Sudan 2010 was 46% exceeding 20% of the recommended ISPD (International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis) guidelines. This study reports an update after applying the standard ISPD protocol. The routine method was replaced by ISPD protocol. The culture negative rate using the ISPD guidelines dropped from 46% in the year 2010, to 39% in the year 2011, to 5% in the 2012 and to zero percent in the year 2013. Bacterial and fungal species represent (86.76%) and (13.23%) of infection and most isolates showed low resistance rate to antibiotics...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
David F Attaway, Nigel M Waters, Estella M Geraghty, Kathryn H Jacobsen
As evidence linking Zika virus with serious health complications strengthens, public health officials and clinicians worldwide need to know which locations are likely to be at risk for autochthonous Zika infections. We created risk maps for epidemic and endemic Aedes-borne Zika virus infections globally using a predictive analysis method that draws on temperature, precipitation, elevation, land cover, and population density variables to identify locations suitable for mosquito activity seasonally or year-round...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Huda Fatima, Tooba Fatima Qadir, Saba Ahmed, Ariba Moin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Nasriah Zakaria, Shafiz Affendi Mohd Yusof
BACKGROUND: Hospital Information Systems (HIS) can improve healthcare outcome quality, increase efficiency, and reduce errors. The government of Malaysia implemented HIS across the country to maximize the use of technology to improve healthcare delivery, however, little is known about the benefits and challenges of HIS adoption in each institution. This paper looks at the technology and people issues in adopting such systems. METHODS: The study used a case study approach, using an in-depth interview with multidisciplinary medical team members who were using the system on a daily basis...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Mohammed Hmoud, Ahmad Subahi
Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) is a rare disease, but it is the most common form of sporadic encephalitis. HSE is transmitted through direct contact and developing nosocomial HSE is rarely reported in the literature. Nosocomial HSE is difficult to diagnose due to its non-specific clinical features. In this article, we present a case of nosocomial HSE that was responsible for grave consequence. We also explore its causes, outcome, and give recommendations to avoid such fatal occurrence. We stress on strict adherence to the standard precautions and preventive control measures...
September 24, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Majed Al Dogether, Yahya Al Muallem, Mowafa Househ, Basema Saddik, Mohamed Khalifa
In recent decades, healthcare organizations have undergone a significant transformation with the integration of Information and Communication Technologies within healthcare operations to improve healthcare services. Various technologies such as Hospital Information Systems (HIS), Electronic Health Records (EHR) and Laboratory Information Systems (LIS) have been incorporated into healthcare services. The aim of this study is to evaluate the completeness of outpatients' laboratory paper based request forms in comparison with a electronic laboratory request system...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Zaid Sayedalamin, Abdulaziz Alshuaibi, Osama Almutairi, Mariam Baghaffar, Tahir Jameel, Mukhtiar Baig
INTRODUCTION: The present study explored the utility, attitude, and trends regarding Smartphone related Medical Applications (Apps) among medical students of King Abdulaziz University (KAU) Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (SA) and their perceptions of the impact of Medical Apps in their training activities. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This survey was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Jeddah, and Rabigh campuses, KAU, Jeddah, SA. All participants were medical students of 2nd to 6th year...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Maryati M Yusof, Azila Arifin
INTRODUCTION: Laboratory testing and reporting are error-prone and redundant due to repeated, unnecessary requests and delayed or missed reactions to laboratory reports. Occurring errors may negatively affect the patient treatment process and clinical decision making. Evaluation on laboratory testing and Laboratory Information System (LIS) may explain the root cause to improve the testing process and enhance LIS in supporting the process. This paper discusses a new evaluation framework for LIS that encompasses the laboratory testing cycle and the socio-technical part of LIS...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Iman Almomani, Ahlam AlSarheed
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) gives great attention to improving the quality of services provided by health care sectors including outpatient clinics. One of the main drawbacks in outpatient clinics is long waiting time for patients-which affects the level of patient satisfaction and the quality of services. This article addresses this problem by studying the Outpatient Management Software (OMS) and proposing solutions to reduce waiting times. Many hospitals around the world apply solutions to overcome the problem of long waiting times in outpatient clinics such as hospitals in the USA, China, Sri Lanka, and Taiwan...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Mohamed Khalifa, Ibrahim Zabani
Among the most common and chronic problems in the healthcare system worldwide is the crowding of emergency rooms (ER); leading to many serious complications. King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center utilized health analytics methods to identify areas of deficiency and suggest potential improvements to ER performance. The project implemented solutions and monitored two indicators; ER length of stay (LOS), reflecting efficiency, and percentage of patients leaving without treatment, reflecting effectiveness of the ER...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Mohd Idzwan Mohd Salleh, Nasriah Zakaria, Rosni Abdullah
BACKGROUND: The Ministry of Health Malaysia initiated the total hospital information system (THIS) as the first national electronic health record system for use in selected public hospitals across the country. Since its implementation 15 years ago, there has been the critical requirement for a systematic evaluation to assess its effectiveness in coping with the current system, task complexity, and rapid technological changes. The study aims to assess system quality factors to predict the performance of electronic health in a single public hospital in Malaysia...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Asma A Abahussin, Ahmed I Albarrak
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood vaccine-preventable diseases can be significantly reduced through adherence to confirmed vaccination schedules. However, many barriers to vaccination compliance exist, including a lack of awareness regarding the importance of vaccines, missing due dates, and fear of complications from vaccinations. The aim of this study is to review the existing tools and publications regarding vaccination adherence, and to propose a design for a vaccination adherence application (app) for smartphones...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Zainab M Alalawi, Monief M Eid, Ahmed I Albarrak
BACKGROUND: Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) are management information systems used for distributing, viewing and archiving digital images by integrating different types of modalities through communication networks. PACS have many advantages that can lead to improving health care quality. PACS has been widely used in hospitals in Saudi Arabia for the past 10 years. However, an extensive review of literature in the field of PACS, among physicians and radiologists in Saudi Arabia, showed lack of local studies of this costly and newly implemented technology...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Jordam W Pereira-Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Abdulellah Alaboudi, Anthony Atkins, Bernadette Sharp, Ahmed Balkhair, Mohammed Alzahrani, Tamara Sunbul
Despite emerging evidence about the benefits of telemedicine, there are still many barriers and challenges to its adoption. Its adoption is often cited as a failed project because 75% of them are abandoned or 'failed outright' and this percentage increases to 90% in developing countries. The literature has clarified that there is neither one-size-fit-all framework nor best-practice solution for all ICT innovations or for all countries. Barriers and challenges in adopting and implementing one ICT innovation in a given country/organisation may not be similar - not for the same ICT innovation in another country/organisation nor for another ICT innovation in the same country/organisation...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Isra Al-Turaiki, Mona Alshahrani, Tahani Almutairi
BACKGROUND: Recently, the outbreak of MERS-CoV infections caused worldwide attention to Saudi Arabia. The novel virus belongs to the coronaviruses family, which is responsible for causing mild to moderate colds. The control and command center of Saudi Ministry of Health issues a daily report on MERS-CoV infection cases. The infection with MERS-CoV can lead to fatal complications, however little information is known about this novel virus. In this paper, we apply two data mining techniques in order to better understand the stability and the possibility of recovery from MERS-CoV infections...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Gulhadiye Avcu, Mehmet Arda Kilinc, Cenk Eraslan, Bulent Karapinar, Fadil Vardar
Mild encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is a clinico-radiological syndrome that can be related to infectious and non-infectious conditions. Patients present with mild neurological symptoms, and magnetic resonance imaging typically demonstrate a reversible lesion with transiently reduced diffusion in the splenium of the corpus callosum. Here, we describe MERS in a 10-year-old boy who presented with fever and consciousness and who completely recovered within a few days. Streptococcus pneumoniae was the causative agent...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Zainab A AlQarni, Faisel Yunus, Mowafa S Househ
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, people are using Facebook (FB) to share health information. However, little is known about the type of information sharing and its potential health consequences in the Arabic speaking world. This study attempts to fill this knowledge gap for diabetes mellitus (DM). METHOD: We conducted a retrospective qualitative FB content analysis using predefined eligibility criteria. The analysis was restricted to diabetes related groups in the Arabic speaking world...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Carlos H Gómez-Quintero, Álvaro A Faccini-Martínez, Carlos A Botero-García, Marcela Lozano, Liliana Sánchez-Lerma, Jorge Miranda, Salim Mattar, Marylin Hidalgo
Spoted fever group (SFG) rickettsioses are actually considered as emerging and re-emerging zoonotic diseases, caused by pathogenic bacteria of the spotted fever group rickettsiae (SFGR). Recently, serologic studies in human and animals conducted in Colombian Orinoquia, showed a high seroprevalence against SFGR. In June 2015, a 50-year-old male was admitted to a hospital in Bogotá, Colombia, with two days of malaise and temperature of 39°C, associated to generalized rash 24h after the onset of fever. He referred a work visit and outdoor activities in rural area of the Department of Meta 15days prior the onset of symptoms...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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