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Journal of Infection and Public Health

Nikolaos Katechakis, Sofia Maraki, Irini Dramitinou, Eleni Marolachaki, Christina Koutla, Eleni Ioannidou
Pasteurella multocida is a rare cause of bacterial meningitis, more frequently affecting humans at the extremes of age. We report a case of meningitis and bacteremia caused by P. multocida in a 67-year-old diabetic woman who was living with 10 cats. She didn't have any animal bites or scratches, but she reported kissing the pets in the mouth. The outcome was favorable following antimicrobial treatment. Although rarely encountered, P. multocida should be considered as a possible cause of meningitis, particularly when Gram-negative coccobacilli are revealed in the cerebrospinal fluid and a history of recent animal contact is present...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Rajendran Vijayakumar, Tim Sandle, Mohammad Saleh Al-Aboody, Meshal K AlFonaisan, Wael Alturaiki, Suresh Mickymaray, Mariappan Premanathan, Suliman A Alsagaby
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of biocide resistant genes, qacA, qacE and cepA in multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria: Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii and to correlate the presence or absence of resistant genes with biocides susceptibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 44 MDR K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii microorganisms. The bacteria were screened for the presence of biocide resistant genes by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Baha Abdalhamid, Reem Almaghrabi, Sahar Althawadi, Ali Omrani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Swasti Shubham, Arvind Ahuja, Minakshi Bhardwaj
Filariasis is traditionally diagnosed on finding microfilaria in peripheral blood smear and in cases of occult filariasis by immunological tests. Clinically, it presents with a wide range of symptoms and signs. We present two cases of filariasis presenting with renal symptoms warranting kidney biopsy. Histopathology of both revealed microfilaria in the glomerular capillary loop. First case was a 23-year-old male who presented with complaints of passage of milky urine. Second case was a 36-year-old female patient who presented with complaints of gross hematuria...
June 9, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
C Ayyad, J Mateu, I Tamayo-Uria
The brown rat has been living with humans in a wide variety of environmental contexts; it adversely affects public health by transmission of pathogens that can cause human diseases and allergies. Understanding behavioral aspects and environmental factors of pest species can contribute to their effective management and control. This aim of this study was to investigate the spatial distribution of rats in Latina district of Madrid (Spain), and its relationship with several potential multi-source foci. A focus is any particular social and environmental urban scenario that favors the clustering and proliferation of rats...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Thamer H Alenazi, Bashayer S Alanazi, Abdulrahman Alsaedy, Abdulmoneim Khair, Rifat Solomon, Sameera M Al Johani
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection usually presents with a wide range of manifestations. Although HIV patients are prone to pulmonary infections by opportunistic pathogens in the late stage of AIDS, manifesting the disease with pulmonary infections caused by Mycobacterium riyadhense (newly identified non-tuberculous mycobacteria) is extremely rare with only one case reported in the literature. We are describing two previously healthy patients who presented with M. riyadhense lung infection and were subsequently found to have HIV, illustrating the need for considering the possibility M...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Mehdi El-Amrani-Joutey, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Rafael Linares-García-Valdecasas, María A Palomar-Gallego, Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Ana López-de-Andrés, Luis Vázquez-Vázquez
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and genotypic distribution of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in a sample of patients of Hassan II University Hospital (Morocco) due to nasopharyngeal pathologies and requiring a biopsy. We identified factors associated to the EBV infection. METHODS: 112 patients were recruited (January 2012-October 2014). Biopsies were conducted for the molecular diagnosis of EBV. The data collected included sociodemographic characteristics, smoking and drug abuse, medical background and histologic diagnosis...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Kubra Aykac, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Pinar Kahyaoglu, Sevgen T Basaranoglu, Ilker Ertugrul, Alpaslan Alp, Ali B Cengiz, Ates Kara, Mehmet Ceyhan
BACKGROUND: Myocarditis is an inflammatory condition located mainly in the myocardium. It is caused by a variety of bacterial and viral infections. Influenza is one of the most common relevant viruses that cause myocarditis. OBJECTIVES: We attempted to share our experiences about clinical and laboratory findings, cardiac evaluation, and treatment of children with influenza myocarditis. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed by the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at the Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University in Turkey...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Manu Chaudhary, Shiekh G Ayub, Mohd A Mir
OBJECTIVE: CSE-1034 is a novel antibiotic adjuvant entity (AAE) with proven activity against broad range of multi-drug resistant (MDR) pathogens causing various bacterial infections. This phase 3 clinical trial was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CSE-1034 therapy for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients of Pneumonia Outcomes Research Team (PORT) risk III-IV. METHODS: In this multi-centric, controlled, open-labeled phase 3 trial, adult patients with PORT risk III-IV CAP were randomized to receive either intravenous CSE-1034 (3g every 12h) or Ceftriaxone (2g every 12h) for 3-10 days...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Adrienn Hanczvikkel, Ákos Tóth
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB) are of global concern and hospital textiles can contribute to their transmission. MDRB are able to survive on textiles for more than enough time to spread in the environment. Some studies summarized the effect of environmental factors on the duration of bacterial survival, but it remained an open question how these factors influence the quantity of surviving bacteria in a period of a few days, which is relevant from the perspective of HAIs...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Seif S Al-Abri, Bader Al-Rawahi, Doaa Abdelhady, Idris Al-Abaidani
The prevention of infection through vaccination has been among the most successful public health interventions. Nearly 2.5 million deaths per year globally are saved by immunization against vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) (WHO, 2013) [1]. Oman has experienced a sharp decline in VPDs over the last 40 years due to the introduction of new vaccines and the maintenance of high vaccination coverage of over 99%. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) launched the effective vaccine management (EVM) framework to assist countries to gauge the performance of their immunization supply chains...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Jameel T Abualenain, Maha M Al-Alawi
BACKGROUND: Millions of Muslims from across the world gather annually to perform pilgrimage. This can import unusual communicable diseases such as Ebola. Communicable diseases with a high risk of mortality necessitate special training to master the required competency to avert transmission of infections. The efficacy of simulation-based training (SBT) has been shown in such circumstances. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop an SBT program in Ebola Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for all healthcare workers (HCWs)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Qiang Mao, Kai Zhang, Wu Yan, Chaonan Cheng
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to develop a forecasting model for the incidence of tuberculosis (TB) and analyze the seasonality of infections in China; and to provide a useful tool for formulating intervention programs and allocating medical resources. METHODS: Data for the monthly incidence of TB from January 2004 to December 2015 were obtained from the National Scientific Data Sharing Platform for Population and Health (China). The Box-Jenkins method was applied to fit a seasonal auto-regressive integrated moving average (SARIMA) model to forecast the incidence of TB over the subsequent six months...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Minakshi Gupta, Asit K Mishra, Santosh K Singh
In the last few years, Cryptococcus laurentii infections have increased, particularly in immunocompromised patients. Here we report the first case of C. laurentii fungemia in low birth weight preterm infant from India. A preterm neonate was admitted for feeding intolerance and respiratory distress. Blood culture ascertained the causative organism as C. laurentii. The isolated strain was found susceptible to amphotericin B and the patient recovered following the administration of amphotericin B (5mg/kg body weight) for 8days...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Matthew F Lawrance, Gowrishankar Muthukrishnan, John Deichen, Michael Deichen, James Schaus, Alexander M Cole, Christopher L Parkinson
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus has strong association with anthropogenic environments. This association has not been well supported by use of genetic tools. The aim of this study was to phylogenetically relate numerous isolates from three environments - NCBI samples from hospitals, a community, and a previously unexplored healthcare environment: an ambulatory care clinic (ACC). METHODS: This study incorporated hospital samples from NCBI, a community database from the University of Central Florida (UCF), and newly added samples taken from employees of an ambulatory care clinic located at UCF...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Gulfem Ece, Emine Tunc, Baris Otlu, Deniz Aslan, Cem Ece
BACKGROUND: Klebsiella pneumoniae is an important nosocomial pathogen that can lead to high morbidity and mortality. ESBL and carbapenamase producing strains may cause epidemic situations. The aim of our study was to investigate the molecular epidemiology and clonal relationship between carbapenem resistant K. pneumoniae strains isolated from our hospital during a three month period. METHODS: Fourteen carbapenem resistant K. pneumoniae strains isolated during April 1st-June 30th 2013 were included...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Rashed Noor, Tasnia Ahmed
Propagation of Zika virus has become an alarming global public health issue. The infection is spreading rapidly to different countries by several methods, especially by the transmission through traveling. Bangladesh is also at a risk to be affected with such newly viral infections. Though the virus initially appears to cause mild problems, the long term effects are more devastating to the next generation as seen in case of the delivery of the microcephalic babies. Current review discussed the epidemiologic era of the virus; i...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Fahad Alsohime, Rasha A Assiri, Fatimah Al-Shahrani, Hind Bakeet, Malak Elhazmi, Ali M Somily
Actinomycosis is a rare infection in patients younger than 10years of age. It mainly affects the cervicofacial region, but many other sites of infection have been recognized. About 70% of infections are due to either Actinomyces israelii or Actinomyces gerencseriae. Actinomyces neuii was first described in 1985 in two patients with post cataract endophthalmitis, A. neuii represents 17% of clinical Actinomyces isolates. Several reports indicated a well-known association between Actinomyces infections and Intrauterine devices (IUD)...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Abdullah Algwizani, Mohammad Alzunitan, Ahmad Alharbi, Abdulrahman Alsaedy, Sameera Aljohani, Bassam Alalwan, Jawaher Gramish, Adel Alothman
INTRODUCTION: Carbapenem-resistant organisms have become major healthcare-associated pathogens and are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. CASES AND MANAGEMENTS: This case-series describes our experience with ceftazidime-avibactam in the treatment of six cases with carbapenem-resistant organisms in King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. After trying various combinations of antibiotic therapies without improvement, cases were treated with ceftazidime-avibactam...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Myo T Zaw, Nor A Emran, Zaw Lin
BACKGROUND: Rifampicin (RIF) plays a pivotal role in the treatment of tuberculosis due to its bactericidal effects. Because the action of RIF is on rpoB gene encoding RNA polymerase β subunit, 95% of RIF resistant mutations are present in rpoB gene. The majority of the mutations in rpoB gene are found within an 81bp RIF-resistance determining region (RRDR). METHODOLOGY: Literatures on RIF resistant mutations published between 2010 and 2016 were thoroughly reviewed...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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