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Journal of Infection and Public Health

Dipti Ranjan Behera, Sunita Bhatnagar
Antifilarial potential of three medicinal plants namely, Terminalia bellerica, Terminalia chebula and Terminalia catappa was explored using Setaria cervi, a bovine filarial parasite at concentrations of 2.5, 5 and 10mg/ml. Amongst all the extracts, methanol extract of T. bellerica showed highest macrofilaricidal activity i.e. 84.63±1.11 at 10mg/ml in MTT reduction assay with IC50 value of 2.7mg/ml. which was better than the standard DEC i.e. 79.22±3.1% at 10mg/ml with IC50 value 2.84mg/ml. Other plant extracts showed mild in vitro macrofilaricidal activity...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Jianhua Lu, Ying Lv, Zhuo Lv, Yi Xu, Yan Huang, Meilan Cui, Huimin Yan
BACKGROUND: T follicular helper (Tfh) cells within germinal centers (GC) of lymphoid tissue play an important role in HIV infection. Recently, circulating Tfh cells have been described, which share phenotypic and functional characteristics with GC Tfh cells. This study aimed to investigate the effect of HIV infection on four circulating Tfh subsets, including CD4+CXCR5+, CD4+CXCR5+ICOS+, CD4+CXCR5+PD-1+, and CD4+CXCR5+ICOS+PD-1+ cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 33 HIV-infected individuals and 21 healthy controls...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Sharafaldeen Bin Nafisah, Aliyah H Alamery, Aminah Al Nafesa, Bakhitah Aleid, Nora Ayman Brazanji
BACKGROUND: School closure as a non-pharmaceutical measure appeared as an efficient strategy in previous epidemics. We investigated the impact of school closure on the epidemic peak whether implemented before or after the epidemic reaches its peak. We also investigated the optimal duration of closure. METHODS: Data sources included Medline-PubMed, ProQuest and Cochrane databases. The inclusion criteria were all articles that reported a quantified effect on school closure on an influenza epidemic...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Samy Kasem, Ibrahim Qasim, Ali Al-Doweriej, Osman Hashim, Ali Alkarar, Ali Abu-Obeida, Mohamed Saleh, Ali Al-Hofufi, Hussein Al-Ghadier, Raed Hussien, Ali Al-Sahaf, Faisal Bayoumi, Asmaa Magouz
BACKGROUND: The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) has been reported for the first time infecting a human being since 2012. The WHO was notified of 27 countries have reported cases of MERS, the majority of these cases occur in the Arabian Peninsula, particularly in Saudi Arabia. Dromedary camels are likely to be the main source of Middle East respiratory syndrome virus (MERS-CoV) infection in humans. METHODS: MERS-CoV infection rates among camels in livestock markets and slaughterhouses were investigated in Saudi Arabia...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Carla Zmeter, Hussam Tabaja, Ala I Sharara, Souha S Kanj
More clinical infections with non-O1, non-O139 Vibrio cholerae have been recently reported. These pathogens usually do not cause the epidemic and pandemic cases of cholera seen with choleragenic vibrios. However, they can still cause intestinal as well as extra-intestinal disease and can be associated with significant mortality. Herein, we present the first case of non-O1, non-O139 Vibrio cholerae septicemia reported in Lebanon since the beginning of the Lebanese waste crisis.
January 20, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Erwin Krauskopf
BACKGROUND: The Journal of Infection and Public Health published its first issue in 2008. The fact that the journal has been published uninterruptedly as well as its editorial content and the application of a peer-review process to select manuscripts, made the journal eligible to be indexed by databases such as Scopus. This study presents a general overview of the journal from 2008 until 2016 using bibliometric indicators to assess its performance. METHODS: The data for this study, dating between 2008 and 2016, was extracted from Scopus database...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Laura Mercedes Hernández, Diego Fernando Durán, David Alexis Buitrago, Carlos Alberto Garnica, Luisa Fernanda Gómez, Diego Mauricio Bados, Marilyn Paola Bernal, Lisa María Páez
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is a priority problem for public health in Colombia. The Department of Tolima and the municipality of El Espinal bring a considerable proportion of the cases to national statistics, becoming a representative area for studying the behavior of this pathology. OBJECTIVE: Determine the epidemiological behavior and the geographic distribution of dengue fever cases treated in the San Rafael Hospital in the municipality of the El Espinal, from 2010 to 2014...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Matthias Noll, Sylvia Kleta, Sascha Al Dahouk
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility of 259 Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from food and food-processing environments and patient samples in Germany to 14 antibiotics widely used in veterinary and human medicine. L. monocytogenes strains were isolated mainly from milk and milk products and classified according to their molecular serotypes IIa (n=112), IIb (n=41), IIc (n=36), IVa (n=1), IVb (n=66), and IVb-v1 (n=3). METHODS: Susceptibility tests were performed by using the automated 96-well based microdilution system Micronaut-S...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Mohammad Amin Ghatee, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Fatemeh Kooreshnia, Zahra Kanannejad, Zafar Parisaie, Mehdi Karamian, Abdolali Moshfe
INTRODUCTION: Occurrence of leishmaniasis is affected by various biological and environmental factors. Kohgiluye and Boyerahmad (K-B) province is an emerging focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Southwest Iran. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: To elucidate some angles of occurrence of CL in this province, climatic and environmental factors and close proximity to livestock were studied by univariate and two multivariate logistic regression models. The dwelling addresses of 275 CL patients were obtained from Health Centers records for a 5 years period...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Suleman Atique, Ta-Chien Chan, Chien-Chou Chen, Chien-Yeh Hsu, Somia Iqtidar, Valérie R Louis, Syed Abdul Shabbir, Ting-Wu Chuang
INTRODUCTION: Dengue has been endemic to Pakistan in the last two decades. There was a massive outbreak in the Swat valley in 2013. Here we demonstrate the spatio-temporal clustering and diffusion patterns of the dengue outbreak. METHODS: Dengue case data were acquired from the hospital records in the Swat district of Pakistan. Ring maps visualize the distribution and diffusion of the number of cases and incidence of dengue at the level of the union council. We applied space-time scan statistics to identify spatio-temporal clusters...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
K V S Hari Kumar, S K Patnaik
BACKGROUND: The comprehensive epidemiology of mycobacterial disorders is scarce from our country. The incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) and Leprosy in a cohort of military personnel followed for a long duration was evaluated in this study. METHODS: The data for this descriptive epidemiologic study was derived from the electronic medical records (EMR) data of the service personnel enrolled between 1990 and 2015. They were recruited between the ages of 17 and 18 years in good health and their morbidity data was derived from the medical records...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Silvia Corcione, Antonio Curtoni, Ivana A Paolucci, Giovanni Di Perri, Francesco G De Rosa, Rossana Cavallo
Actinomyces species are part of the commensal flora of the mucous membranes of the oropharynx, gastrointestinal tract and female genital tract. Actinomyces europaeus is a short, nonmotile, facultative anaerobic rod first described in 1997, susceptible in vitro to a wide range of b-lactam antibiotics which are regarded as first choice. In this report we described the case of A. europaeus infection in a young female patient admitted to Intensive Care Unit and the possible damage of vascular endothelium due to a chronic progressive actinomycosis that at first involved neck soft tissue, then cervical lymphnodes, and finally extended to the vascular structure...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Mohammad Ridhuan Mohd Ali, Amira Wahida Mohamad Safiee, Nik Yuszrin Yusof, Mohd Hashairi Fauzi, Chan Yean Yean, Nabilah Ismail
BACKGROUND: Environmental sampling provides important information that enhances the understanding of the leptospiral human-environment-animal relationship. Several studies have described the distribution of Leptospira in the environment. However, more targeted sites, that is, areas surrounding leptospirosis patients' houses, remain under-explored. Therefore, this study aims to detect the presence of Leptospira spp. in the residential areas of patients with leptospirosis. METHODS: Soil and water samples near leptospirosis patients' residences were collected, processed and cultured into EMJH media...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Joseph L Servadio, Samantha R Rosenthal, Lynn Carlson, Cici Bauer
BACKGROUND: Vector-borne infectious diseases, particularly mosquito-borne, pose a substantial threat to populations throughout South and Southeast Asia. Outbreaks have affected this region several times during the early years of the 21st century, notably through outbreaks of Chikungunya and Dengue. These diseases are believed to be highly prevalent at endemic levels in the region as well. With a changing global climate, the impacts of changes in ambient temperatures and precipitation levels on mosquito populations are important for understanding the effects on risk of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Sergio Alejandro Gómez Ochoa, Blanca Beatriz Espín Chico
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Muhammad Naveed, Zoma Chaudhry, Syeda Aniqa Bukhari, Iqra Awan, Nauman Khalid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Evangelia S Panagiotidou, Sofia V Akritidou, Seraphim T Kotoulas, Evdokia K Sourla, Basilis G Mpikos, Basilis P Bagalas, Ioannis T Stanopoulos, Katalin M Fekete, Athanasia D Pataka
Severe leptospirosis can be a rare cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multiorgan failure. A patient who made an impact on how I practice was a case of severe leptospirosis (Weil's disease) that presented as ARDS in the ICU. Leptospirosis is an under-reported infectious disease worldwide and should be considered as a cause of ARDS especially in patients with exposure history complicated with diffuse alveolar bleeding (DAH), icteric hepatitis and renal deterioration. Empiric treatment should be recommended before confirmation of laboratory tests as serological diagnosis is time consuming...
January 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Laís Moreira Dutra, Thiago Humberto Mendonça Silva, Aloísio Falqueto, Paulo Mendes Peçanha, Lucia Renata Meireles Souza, Sarah Santos Gonçalves, Tânia Regina Grão Velloso
BACKGROUND: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is the most prevalent endemic systemic fungal infection in Latin America. In Brazil, it stands out as the eighth-highest cause of mortality among chronic or recurrent infections and has the highest mortality rate among systemic mycoses. Oral mucosal lesions may be the first visible physical manifestation of the disease. This study traced the epidemiological and clinical profiles of patients with oral lesions treated at the University Hospital Cassiano Antonio Moraes, Federal University of Espirito Santo...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Eman Youssif, Mohammed Aseeri, Sahal Khoshhal
BACKGROUND: The appropriate use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, including appropriate de-escalation, is essential to reduce the emergence of antibiotic resistance. In surgical floors antibiotics are prescribed for prophylaxis (mostly, single dose), empirical treatment (started if infection is suspected till bacteria are identified with its sensitivity to antibiotics), or treatment of well-defined infection of previously isolated bacteria with its sensitivity to antibiotics. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics based on requests for cultures and de-escalation based on sensitivity results of culture tests at tertiary care hospital...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Katherin Steffy, G Shanthi, Anson S Maroky, S Selvakumar
BACKGROUND: Increased incidence of Multi-drug resistance in microorganisms has become the greatest challenge in the treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU) and urges the need of a new antimicrobial agent. In this study, we determined the bactericidal effects of ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) green synthesized from Aristolochia indica against Multi-drug Resistant Organisms (MDROs) isolated from pus samples of DFU patients attending in a tertiary care hospital in South India. METHODS: ZnO NPs were characterized by UV-vis-DRS spectroscopy, Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and for its zeta potential value...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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