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Journal of Infection and Public Health

Emrah Torlak, Emre Korkut, Ali T Uncu, Yağmur Şener
The ability of Staphylococcus aureus to form biofilm is considered to be a major virulence factor influencing its survival and persistence in both the environment and the host. Biofilm formation in S. aureus is most frequently associated with production of polysaccharide intercellular adhesion by ica operon-encoded enzymes. The present work aimed at evaluating the in vitro biofilm production and presence of the icaA and icaD genes in S. aureus isolates from a dental clinic in Konya, Turkey. The surfaces of inanimate objects were sampled over a period of six months...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Amal Y A Al-Aidaroos, Baudouin Standaert, Kinga Meszaros, Atef M Shibl
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), rotavirus universal mass vaccination has been introduced in 2013, however, there is limited information available on the economic benefit and the epidemiological impact of the programme to date. We used a Markov cohort model to evaluate and compare the economic value of rotavirus vaccination with no vaccination in a birth cohort of 562,428 infants. This lifetime analysis considered the societal perspective. Model input was obtained through consensus of local experts after two rounds of evaluation of the proposed estimates...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Tian-Yu Zhong, Ji-Chun Zhou, Rong Hu, Xiao-Na Fan, Xiao-Ying Xie, Zhao-Xia Liu, Min Lin, Yi-Guo Chen, Xiao-Mei Hu, Wei-Hua Wang, Long Li, Hua-Ping Xiao
Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer in women worldwide. Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been identified as an etiological factor for cervical cancer. Data on the prevalence and subtype distribution of HPV infection in Jiangxi Province are incomplete. In this study, we investigated HPV subtype distribution and prevalence in Jiangxi Province between August 1, 2010, and December 31, 2015. A total of 71,435 individuals ranging in age from 16 to 77 years were recruited. Cervicovaginal swabs were collected from each participant, and HPV screening was performed...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Muhamad Ali K Shakhatreh, Jacob H Jacob, Emad I Hussein, Majed M Masadeh, Safwan M Obeidat, Abdul-Salam F Juhmani, Mutaz A Abd Al-Razaq
Ma'in hot springs are known as sites of balneotherapy. However, little is known about their microbiology and chemistry. In this study, we aim at evaluating the antimicrobial activity of Ma'in hot-springs water (MHSW), studying its microbiology, and determining its physicochemical properties including the heavy metals content. Therefore, water samples were collected from Ma'in hot springs and tested for antimicrobial activity using agar diffusion method. Water was then cultivated on nutrient agar to isolate and identify the dominant bacteria by chemical and molecular methods...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
F Houghton, A Norris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Yeh-Ting Hung, Chorng-Jang Lay, Chun-Lung Wang, Malcolm Koo
Nontyphoidal Salmonella is among the most common causes of acute pediatric gastroenteritis in Taiwan. It is important to study antibiotic resistance patterns in nontyphoidal Salmonella isolated from children. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of serogroups and susceptibility to antimicrobial nontyphoidal Salmonella isolated from Taiwanese children with gastroenteritis. A retrospective review of the medical records of patients aged under 18 years with a diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis at a regional hospital located in southern Taiwan from August 2000 to August 2009 was conducted...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Ümmügülsüm Gaygısız, Timo Lajunen, Esma Gaygısız
There are considerable cross-national differences in public attitudes towards antibiotics use, use of prescribed antibiotics, and self-medication with antibiotics even within Europe. This study was aimed at investigating the relationships between socio-economic factors, cultural values, national personality characteristics and the antibiotic use in Europe. Data included scores from 27 European countries (14 countries for personality analysis). Correlations between socio-economic variables (Gross National Income per capita, governance quality, life expectancy, mean years of schooling, number of physicians), Hofstede's cultural value dimensions (power distance, individualism, masculinity, uncertainty avoidance, long-term orientation, indulgence), national personality characteristic (extraversion, neuroticism, social desirability) and antibiotic use were calculated and three regression models were constructed...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Allah Bukhsh, Bey-Hing Goh, Learn-Han Lee, Tahir Mehmood Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Parijat Das, Rajkumar Mahto, Gaurav Goel, Mammen Chandy, Sanjay Bhattacharya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Youenn Jouan, Leslie Grammatico-Guillon, Antoine Guillon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Majed S Al Yami
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the observed incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in adult patients receiving either piperacillin-tazobactam (PT) and vancomycin or meropenem and vancomycin for at least 48h. In this retrospective cohort study, we included adult patients with no known renal dysfunction who received either the combination of PT-vancomycin or meropenem-vancomycin for at least 48h. The study's primary outcome was the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI), defined by the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) in patients with baseline normal renal function as an increase in serum creatinine (Scr) by ≥0...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Chang Cui, Lifeng Pan, Yuanping Wang, Caoyi Xue, Weiping Zhu, Linying Zhu, Chuchu Ye, Xianghua Lu, Haihong Song, Yifei Fu, Qiao Sun
More than 30 residents and nursing assistants in a geriatric nursing hospital developed acute gastroenteritis from December 7th to December 18th, 2014 in Shanghai, China. An immediate epidemiological investigation was conducted to identify the etiological agent of the outbreak, mode of transmission and the risk factors. Cases were investigated according to an epidemiological questionnaire. Samples from cases, highly transmissible environmental surfaces and drinking water were collected for pathogens detection...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Hanan H Omar, Samaa A Taha, Wafaa H Hassan, Hamdy H Omar
Co-infection of schistosomiasis, HBV and HCV is common in countries where schistosomiasis is endemic. Occult hepatitis B occurs in patients at high risk for HBV infection (e.g., patients on hemodialysis, patients receiving blood transfusions). Schistosomal infection is a risk factor of HBV infection that can increase the incidence of occult hepatitis B. We aimed to determine the prevalence of occult hepatitis B in chronic hepatitis C patients with and without schistosomiasis and to assess the effect of schistosomal infection on the increased risk of exposure to HBV infection and to occult hepatitis B...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Hussain Sadeq, Entesar H Husain, Amna Alkoot, Suha Atyani, Abdullah Al-Fraij, Abdulrahman Al-Daithan, Talal AlSaleem, Anfal Taher, May Alenezi
This is a retrospective study to evaluate epidemiology and etiologies of childhood meningitis in Kuwait after the routine introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. The data was collected from 196 patients in the period of 2010-2014. Aseptic meningitis accounted for 51% of the cases, bacterial meningitis accounted for 29% cases and partially treated meningitis were 20%. Organisms causing bacterial meningitis were: Streptococcus pneumoniae 40.4%, Neisseria meningitidis 17.6%, Haemophilus spp. 12.2%, other gram positive or negative 19...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Tristan Boam, Peter Sellars, John Isherwood, Chloe Hollobone, Cristina Pollard, David M Lloyd, Ashley R Dennison, Giuseppe Garcea
Following a splenectomy patients are at increased risk of significant infections. In its most severe form, overwhelming post-splenectomy infection (OPSI) has a mortality rate of up to 80%. In this study we aim to establish the adherence to vaccination and antibiotic national guidelines in splenectomised patients. A retrospective study of 100 patients who underwent splenectomy (21 emergency, 79 elective), in two teaching hospitals was undertaken over a five-year period. Patients were followed up for five years...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Zorana M Djordjevic, Marko M Folic, Slobodan M Jankovic
Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are the most common hospital infections with the highest prevalence in intensive care units (ICU). The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence of bacterial pathogens isolated from ICU patients with HAP/VAP and reveal their susceptibility rates in order to establish a basis for empirical antibiotic therapy. Prospective cohort study was conducted in central ICU of Clinical Centre Kragujevac, Serbia, from January 2009 to December 2015, enrolling 620 patients with documented HAP (38...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Hongwei Shen, Jian Chen, Yucheng Xu, Zhifa Lai, Jinjin Zhang, Hong Yang, Yinghui Li, Min Jiang, Yuhui Ye, Xiangning Bai
From September 1 to October 27, 2015, an outbreak of bacillary dysentery occurred in the Shenzhen Children Welfare Institute (SCWI). The shigellosis was uncommon in Shenzhen and no related outbreak was reported during the last 5 years. An epidemiological investigation was conducted and the children and nursing workers in SCWI were surveyed for gastrointestinal symptoms; 28 of children reported having a diarrheal illness. Rectal swabs or fecal specimens from 14 case patients and 24 nursing workers or cook, as well as 17 swabs from implicated items were collected and examined for Shigella, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Salmonella...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Sotirios Tsiodras, Nikos Spanakis, Gregory Spanakos, Danai Pervanidou, Theano Georgakopoulou, Elsa Campos, Theofania Petra, Petros Kanellopoulos, George Georgiadis, Emmanouil Antalis, Vassileios Kontos, Lambros A Giannopoulos, Yiannis Tselentis, Anna Papa, Athanassios Tsakris, George Saroglou
Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a tick-borne disease caused by Anaplasma phagocytophilum that has the potential to spread in new geographical areas. The first fatal case of HGA in Greece is presented. Fever of unknown origin, renal and respiratory insufficiency and development of macrophage activation syndrome characterized the clinical presentation. Amplification and sequencing of a fragment of the groEL gene revealed the presence of A. phagocytophilum. The epidemiological and clinical features were collected during an epidemiological investigation...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Esma Ceylan, Mutlu Karkucak, Hikmet Coban, Mehmet Karadag, Tahsin Yakut
OBJECTIVE: MBL acts as a binding protein that enables uptake of mycobacteria into macrophages. And, TNF-alpha is an important cytokine that is involved in control of mycobacterial infections both in-vivo and in-vitro. A large number of genetic factors exerting susceptibility to tuberculosis has been identified, among which mannose-binding lectin and tumor necrosis factor-alpha call attention. The objective of this study is to compare the frequency of TNF-alpha and MBL gene polymorphisms between patients diagnosed with tuberculosis and healthy volunteers in Turkey, and determine the association between tuberculosis and TNF-alpha gene (G308A) and MBL2 gene codon 54 polymorphisms...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Fanjing Meng, Shaoguo Yang, Xin Wang, Tingtao Chen, Xiaolei Wang, Xianyao Tang, Rongji Zhang, Liang Shen
Environmental pollution caused by herb residues and the huge waste of medicinal ingredients contained in herb residues hinder the development of traditional Chinese medicine enterprises. To solve this problem, several probiotics were tested, and Lactobacillus plantarum (HM218749) was finally selected for the reuse of herb residues of Jianweixiaoshi tablets. A mouse model of Helicobacter pylori infection was developed to evaluate the anti-H. pylori infection activity of the herb residue fermentation supernatant using a urease activity test, histological imaging, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and denaturing gel gradient electrophoresis (DGGE)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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