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Journal of Infection and Public Health

Minghui Zhu, Xiaoyan Zhao, Qiang Zhu, Zhaorui Zhang, Yu Dai, Liangan Chen, Zhixin Liang
BACKGROUND: Ochrobactrum anthropi has become an emerging pathogen for bloodstream infection (BSI). METHODS: From January 1st 2010 to June 30th 2017, inpatients with one or more blood cultures positive for O. anthropi isolates at Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital in Beijing, China, were enrolled in this study. Clinical and laboratory data were collected by reviewing electronic records. RESULTS: A total of 11 patients with O...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Majed F Alghoribi, Hanan H Balkhy, Neil Woodford, Matthew J Ellington
The recent declaration by the United Nations to establish an interagency coordination group (IACG) on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) emphasises the global nature of the AMR threat. Rapid dissemination and spread of AMR is exacerbated by the movements of humans, animals, foods and materials. International monitoring and surveillance of AMR indicates to policy makers, regulators and auditors the magnitude of the problem and also informs appropriate and mindful interventions that will impact public health policy and mitigate AMR...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Nik Mohd Noor Nik Zuraina, Abdullah Sarimah, Mohamad Suharni, Habsah Hasan, Siti Suraiya
BACKGROUND: Overcrowding during the annual Hajj pilgrimage has been known to increase the risk of infectious diseases transmission. Despite the high prevalence of respiratory illness among Malaysian Hajj pilgrims, knowledge about the etiologic pathogens is yet very limited. Thus, this study aimed to determine the spectrum of bacterial respiratory pathogens among the Hajj pilgrims returning to Malaysia in year 2016. METHODS: Expectorated sputum specimens were collected from the Hajj pilgrims with symptomatic respiratory tract infections (RTIs)...
August 7, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Maria R Gualano, Robin Thomas, Renata Gili, Giacomo Scaioli, Gianluca Voglino, Carla Zotti
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus-induced gastroenteritis (RVGE) represents the most frequent form of severe gastroenteritis in children. In such a scenario, the availability of an efficient anti-Rotavirus (anti-RV) vaccine represents an effective prevention tool able to prevent those complications mainly linked to the moderate-severe forms of this disease, which require hospital care. The aim of the present study is to estimate the cost effectiveness of universal routine infant RV vaccination program and its budget impact on the Regional Health Service (RHS) of Piedmont, Italy, in order to evaluate the opportunity of the implementation of a national anti-Rotavirus vaccination programme...
August 2, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Wan Zhu, Yang Wang, Wenxia Cao, Shiyue Cao, Jingping Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to verify the effectiveness of antimicrobial combination therapy against Acinetobacter baumannii isolates with different degrees of resistance to imipenem. METHODS: A total of twenty-one isolates with imipenem MICs of 16μg/ml (fifteen isolates) or 64μg/ml (six isolates), as identified using the Vitek II system, were included in this study. The MICs of all the isolates to each drug were confirmed again using the broth microdilution method, and a checkerboard assay was used for the assessment of the in vitro effectiveness of various antibiotic combinations...
July 26, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Alessio Facciolà, Maria Angela Rita Palamara, Giuseppa D'Andrea, Fernanda Marano, Domenico Magliarditi, Giovanni Puglisi, Isa Picerno, Angela Di Pietro, Giuseppa Visalli
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is the most common global bacterial zoonotic disease. Italian annual 2015 report on animal brucellosis control that was submitted to the Integrated National Plan of the Italian Health Ministry showed that the Italian region with the highest prevalence and incidence of brucellosis was Sicily (3.3%). This study aims to demonstrate the burden of disease and the epidemiological trend of human and animal brucellosis in Messina, Sicily, from 1997 to 2016. METHODS: The analysis was conducted in the twenty-years 1997-2016...
July 25, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Jeong Sil Choi, Kyung Mi Kim
BACKGROUND: As the number of patients with Zika virus infection increases worldwide, nursing students who conduct clinical practice in hospitals tend to at risk of Zika virus infection. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, practices, and risk perceptions of infection prevention related to occupational exposure to Zika virus infection, and to identify correlations among the related variables. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 249 nursing students from 3 nursing colleges located in 3 Korean cities, with experience in hospital clinical practice...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Santiago González-Quijada, Lorena Pérez-González, Mikel Del Álamo-Martínez de Lagos
BACKGROUND: High anti-Coxiella burnetii phase I IgG titres are associated with chronic Q fever; an infectious disease with high mortality. Prognostic significance of lower or medium IgG phase I titres remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to explore this issue in a high-risk population. METHODS: Sero-epidemiological and prospective study of 456 hospitalised patients aged 65 and older (Burgos; Spain). Serum IgG antibody phase I and II were determined by immunofluorescence assay...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Zeina Halabi, Michele Mocadie, Saeed El Zein, Souha S Kanj
We report a case of Pseudomonas stutzeri endocarditis in Lebanon. The patient had a recent history of prosthetic aortic valve replacement and presented to the emergency department with fever and chills. Transesophageal echocardiography confirmed the presence of a vegetation on the prosthetic valve and blood cultures yielded P. stutzeri. The patient was treated with surgery and antibiotics but deteriorated and passed away four days after admission. To our knowledge, this is the fifth case of P. stutzeri endocarditis reported in the literature, and the first case with early presentation and mortality...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Shahla Rostami-Rad, Rasool Jafari, Hossein Yousofi Darani
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a widespread parasitic disease caused by infection with the larval stage of a tapeworm, Echinococcus granulosus. The immune response to hydatid cyst in intermediate hosts is a complex and contradictory issue. It is suggested that a Th2 response would favor the establishment of the parasite, whereas a Th1 response would be lethal for the parasite. Thus, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the levels of IL2, TNFα, and IFNγ as T helper (Th)1-type cytokines, IL4 as a Th2-type cytokine, and total IgG in C57/black mice inoculated with E...
July 19, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Felipe F Tuon, Luciana C Wollmann, Danielle Pegoraro, Aline M Gouveia, Amanda P Andrejow, Amanda T Schultz, Camila J Gomes, Ohana C Novaes, Phaolla A Salmória
This study aimed to verify the prevalence of IgG antibodies for Toxoplasma gondii, CMV, and EBV in tissue donors from different regions of Brazil between February 2016 and July 2017. In this retrospective study, 578 donors were evaluated from different regions of Brazil. The seroprevalence of T. gondii was 61.2%, CMV was 93%, and EBV was 98.3%. The seroprevalence increased with age, from 27.8% in donors younger than 18 years of age to 67.6% in those older than 60 years of age (p<0.05). The analysis of the seroprevalence of CMV and EBV showed similar percentages (>90%) among the different states, the interior and capital of Paraná state, sex, and age...
July 18, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Melissa P Santana, Reinaldo Souza-Santos, Andrea S de Almeida
BACKGROUND: Despite the intensification of Chagas disease control in Brazil, around 1980s and 1990s, the transmission still occurs. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with Chagas disease among blood donors in Piaui State, Brazilian Northeast Region from 2004 to 2013. METHODOLOGY: Records of 597 blood donors from Management System in Hemotherapy Services and Laboratory Environment Manager System of Piaui were studied. Sociodemographic variables and serological tests results for Chagas disease's confirmation were analyzed using adjusted multiple logistic regression and odds ratio (OR) evaluation...
July 12, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Zhao-Ju Tian, Yu Shen, Xin-Rui Li, Ya-Nan Wei, Hua Fan, Qi-Kui Ren
BACKGROUND: Few studies showed the changes in cytokine profiles after infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV), the most common viral liver disease worldwide. This study examined the relationship between interleukin (IL)-32, IL-1, and interferon (IFN)-γ levels and HBV load. METHODS: IL-32, IL-1, and IFN-γ levels in hepatitis B patients serum and HBV-stimulated PBMCs were measured by ELISA. Gene transcripts in PBMCs from hepatitis B patients and HBV-stimulated PBMCs from healthy controls were measured by real-time PCR...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Joanna Krzowska-Firych, Georgia Lucas, Christiana Lucas, Nicholas Lucas, Łukasz Pietrzyk
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a DNA tumour virus that is the primary cause of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The direct connection between HPV and cervical cancer was discovered in 1980, however, many physicians and the general public are still oblivious to the association of HPV and anal cancer; most individuals find out about this relationship after a confirmed diagnosis, and therefore, it is important to raise awareness about HPV as an etiological agent in anal cancer. There is a quadrivalent vaccine available, which prevents an individual from being infected with HPV, thus anal cancer is mainly a preventable cancer when caused by HPV, and ultimately, preventing cancer is better than curing cancer, especially when there is no definite cure...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Hail M Al-Abdely, Yassir Khidir Mohammed, Victor D Rosenthal, Pablo W Orellano, Mohamed ALazhary, Eman Kaid, Anan Al-Attas, Ghadeer Hawsawi, Ashraf Kelany, Bedoor Hussein, Bayan Esam, Rami Altowerqi, Modhi A Alkamaly, Nader A Tawfic, Elinita Cruzpero, Raya M Al Rashidi, Reny Thomas, Apsia M Molano, Hessa A Al Enazy, Fatima M Al Adwani, Arlu M Casuyon Pahilanga, Sharifa Alatawi, Raslan Nakhla, Fatma M Al Adwani, Rosita Gasmin Aromin, Evangelina Balon Ubalde, Hanan Hanafy Diab, Nahla A Kader, Ibtesam Y Hassan Assiry, Fahad A Sawan, Hassan E Ammari, Alhasan M Mashiakhy, Elaine B Santiago, Christian M S Chua, Imee M Dalis, Haider M Arishi, Ruthelma Lozada, Ibrahim A M Al-Zaydani Asiri, Hala Ahmed, Al Jarie, Ali S M Al-Qathani, Halima Y Al-Alkami, Mervat AlDalaton, Siti J B Alih, Mohammed J Alaliany, Najla J Helali, Grace Sindayen, Annalyn A Malificio, Haya B Al Dossari, Abdulmajid G Algethami, Dia Mohamed, Leigh Yanne, Avigail Tan, Sheema Babu, Shatha M Abduljabbar, Hala Rushdi, Janice Fernandez, Waleed M Hussain, Renuga D Rajavel, Syed Z Bukhari, Abdullah A Turkistani, Jeyashri J Mushtaq, Eida Albeladi, Sally Aboushoushah, Nahed Qushmaq, Leide Shyrine, Jomol Philipose, Mohamed Raees, Nawal S AbdulKhalik, Marjory Madco, Mohd Abdulghany, Athena Manao, Catherine Acostan, Rania Safwat, Muhammad Halwani, Nahla A H Abdul Aal, Anumol Thomas, Shaymaa M Abdulatif, Nelia C Ariola, Aisha H Mutwalli, Nelia Ariola, Eatedal Bohlega, Saly Simon, Estelita Damlig, Sherin G Elsherbini, Ilama T Krishne, Sheela Abraham, Mohammed A Ali Karrar, Nisreen A Gosn, Abdulaziz A Al Hindi, Rasha N Jaha, Saeda M AlQahtani, Ali O Abdul Aziz, Nadia L Demaisip, Elizabeth Laungayan Cortez, Analen F Cabato, Jerlie M Gonzales Celiz, Mohammed A Al Raey, Saeed A Al Darani, Misbah R Aziz, Batool A Manea, Eslam Samy, Solita Briones, Radhika Krishnan, Saman S M Raees, Kehkashan Tabassum, Khalid M Ghalilah, Mohamed Alradady, Abdulrahim Al Qatri, Mafaten Chaouali, Magdy Elsisi, Hajer A Aldossary, Shehab Al-Suliman, Amina A Al Talib, Nadira Albaghly, Mohammad E Haqlre Mia, Manal M Al-Gethamy, Dhafer M Alamri, Adnan S Al-Saadi, Evelyn P Ayugat, Nawaf A Al Hazazi, Modi I Al Hussain, Yvonne Caminade, Ann J Santos, Mohamed H Abdulwahab, Bushra T A Al-Garni
BACKGROUND: To analyze the impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) Multidimensional Approach (IMA) and use of INICC Surveillance Online System (ISOS) on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates in Saudi Arabia from September 2013 to February 2017. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective, before-after surveillance study on 14,961 patients in 37 intensive care units (ICUs) of 22 hospitals. During baseline, we performed outcome surveillance of VAP applying the definitions of the CDC/NHSN...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Xuan Wang, Xinping Zhang, Xiaoquan Lai
BACKGROUND: Public report of surgical site infections (SSI) rates has been an important component of SSI reduction strategies, and risk adjustment is needed before SSI rates are publicly reported. Improving the risk adjustment model facilitates meaningful comparison in the public reporting of SSIs. This research aimed to explore an optimal risk adjustment model for the public reporting of cesarean section (CS) SSI. METHODS: Information on 2506 cases of CS performed at T hospital, a tertiary general hospital located in the W City of H Province in China, from 01 January 2013 to 31 December 2014 was collected...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Ali A Rabaan, Sana A Alshaikh, Ali M Bazzi
OBJECTIVES: The influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus caused a worldwide pandemic in 2009-2010 and has since remained in seasonal circulation. This study was conducted to determine any variations in the influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 status according to sex, age group, sample type, or location within the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Samples from 749 patients with suspected Middle East respiratory coronavirus who presented to Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare facilities in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia were tested reflexively for influenza A/H1N1 2009 by the Ministry of Health using the RealTime ready Influenza A/H1N1 Detection Set for real-time PCR...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Usman Abubakar, Syed Azhar Syed Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Evidence to demonstrate the prevalence and trend of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection in Nigeria is scarce. This review evaluates the prevalence, trend and antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical MRSA isolates reported in published studies. METHOD: Electronic search (PubMed, Scopus and Google scholar) was conducted using the following search terms: "MRSA OR Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus AND Nigeria." Reference list of selected studies was scanned to identify more studies...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Nikolaos Katechakis, Sofia Maraki, Irini Dramitinou, Eleni Marolachaki, Christina Koutla, Eleni Ioannidou
Pasteurella multocida is a rare cause of bacterial meningitis, more frequently affecting humans at the extremes of age. We report a case of meningitis and bacteremia caused by P. multocida in a 67-year-old diabetic woman who was living with 10 cats. She didn't have any animal bites or scratches, but she reported kissing the pets in the mouth. The outcome was favorable following antimicrobial treatment. Although rarely encountered, P. multocida should be considered as a possible cause of meningitis, particularly when Gram-negative coccobacilli are revealed in the cerebrospinal fluid and a history of recent animal contact is present...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Rajendran Vijayakumar, Tim Sandle, Mohammad Saleh Al-Aboody, Meshal K AlFonaisan, Wael Alturaiki, Suresh Mickymaray, Mariappan Premanathan, Suliman A Alsagaby
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of biocide resistant genes, qacA, qacE and cepA in multidrug resistant (MDR) bacteria: Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii and to correlate the presence or absence of resistant genes with biocides susceptibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 44 MDR K. pneumoniae, P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii microorganisms. The bacteria were screened for the presence of biocide resistant genes by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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