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Journal of Infection and Public Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647126/mers-cov-infection-mind-the-public-knowledge-gap
#1
Amen Bawazir, Eman Al-Mazroo, Hoda Jradi, Anwar Ahmed, Motasim Badri
In August 2015, the Corona outbreak caused by Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was the 9th episode since June 2012 in Saudi Arabia. Little is known about the public awareness toward the nature or prevention of the disease. The aim of this work was to assess the knowledge of the adult population in Riyadh toward the MERS-CoV. In this cross-sectional survey, a self-administrated questionnaire was distributed to randomly selected participants visiting malls in Riyadh. The questionnaire contained measurable epidemiological and clinical MERS-CoV knowledge level variables and relevant source of information...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642140/emergence-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-isolated-from-patients-in-a-university-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-epidemiology-clinical-profiles-and-outcomes
#2
Fawzia E Alotaibi, Elham E Bukhari, Maha M Al-Mohizea, Taghreed Hafiz, Eman Bin Essa, Yasmeen I AlTokhais
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae have been steadily spreading worldwide during the last decade. Nine patients were identified prospectively and were followed during their hospitalization course to identify the epidemiology, clinical profiles and outcomes. These patients had one or more cultures positive for a CRE isolate, contributing to a total of eleven positive cultures from various sites without including duplicates of isolates obtained from the same site. Isolates from these patients included five Klebseilla pneumoniae, three Escherichia coli, and one Enterobacter aerogenes...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625842/dynamics-of-scientific-publications-on-the-mers-cov-outbreaks-in-saudi-arabia
#3
REVIEW
Ali Rabaan, Shamsah H Al-Ahmed, Ali M Bazzi, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is an emerging disease with a relatively high case fatality rate. Most cases have been reported from Saudi Arabia, and the disease epidemic potential is considered to be limited. However, human-human transmission has occurred, usually in the context of healthcare facility-associated outbreaks. The scientific and medical community depends on timely publication of epidemiological information on emerging diseases during outbreaks to appropriately target public health responses...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623123/screening-mutations-in-drug-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-in-yunnan-china
#4
Daoqun Li, Yuzhu Song, Cheng-Lin Zhang, Xiaofei Li, Xueshan Xia, A-Mei Zhang
Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB), especially multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), is a serious medical and societal problem in China. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the mutation characteristics of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) isolates in Yunnan, China. Drug susceptibility testing (DST) was performed in 523 clinical M. tuberculosis isolates. Six drug resistance genes (katG, inhA, rpoB, rpsL, embB, and pncA) were selected to screen for mutations. In total, 54 clinical M...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619504/kolaviron-shows-anti-proliferative-effect-and-down-regulation-of-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-c-and-toll-like-receptor-2-in-wuchereria-bancrofti-infected-blood-lymphocytes
#5
Aliyu Muhammad, Audu Funmilola, Idowu A Aimola, Iliya S Ndams, Mairo H Inuwa, Andrew J Nok
The anti-proliferative effect and down regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor C and toll like receptor-2 by kolaviron on Wuchereria bancrofti infected peripheral blood lymphocytes were investigated. Blood were collected from consenting volunteers in Talata Mafara, Nigeria, between the hours of 10pm to 12am, and microscopically identified for microfilariae. W. bancrofti positive samples were cultured for 72h treated with Doxycycline (2μg/ml) and kolaviron (5μg/ml) in vitro. Mitotic index, expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-c), toll like receptor-2 (TLR-2) were determined using standard procedures...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602673/typhoid-spondylodiscitis-mimicking-tuberculosis-in-a-teenage-girl
#6
Barnini Banerjee, Mridula Madiyal, Pai K Madhava, Manali Agarwal, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay
Salmonella Typhi cause a broad spectrum of human illnesses like gastroenteritis, typhoid fever, and bacteremia. It has also been recognized as a causative organism of osteomyelitis for more than a century but the incidence appears to be uncommon. Microbiological workup plays important role in the diagnosis of Typhoid spondylodiscitis as most of the time it mimics tuberculosis and misguide the clinician, especially in the developing world. Here, we reported an uncommon case of lumbar spondylodiscitis by Salmonella Typhi in an immunocompetent teenager, with the help of clinical, microbiological and radiological evidence...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579268/knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-hiv-aids-among-the-general-population-of-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#7
Heba Abdullah Alwafi, Alaa Muhamed Taher Meer, Alaa Shabkah, Fahtima S Mehdawi, Hadeel El-Haddad, Nezar Bahabri, Hani Almoallim
BACKGROUND: In contrast to most regions of the world where a decline of the HIV epidemic can be seen, data from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region suggests increasing incidence among key populations in the region. Accurate data collection has long been limited by social, cultural, and religious taboos. Understanding knowledge levels and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS is an important component to design adequate and culturally appropriate awareness and prevention programs. METHODS: A survey was conducted including 3841 participants during a series of public HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns from 2013 to 2015 in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576344/association-of-water-handling-and-child-feeding-practice-with-childhood-diarrhoea-in-rural-community-of-southern-nepal
#8
Dilaram Acharya, Jitendra Kumar Singh, Mandira Adhikari, Salila Gautam, Pragya Pandey, Vinita Dayal
Diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality globally. While the childhood diarrhoea and its association with child feeding, and hygiene, hand washing and water treatment are studied elsewhere, the association of water handling and child feeding with childhood diarrhoea is an understudied area in Nepal. This study aimed to investigate the association of water handling and child feeding practice with childhood diarrhoea among children of one to five years of age in Southern, Nepal. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Dhanusha district of Southern Nepal in 2013...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545902/uptake-of-influenza-vaccination-awareness-and-its-associated-barriers-among-medical-students-of-a-university-hospital-in-central-saudi-arabia
#9
Mohammed S Abalkhail, Mohannad S Alzahrany, Khaled A Alghamdi, Muath A Alsoliman, Mosa A Alzahrani, Badr S Almosned, Ibrahim M Gosadi, Shabana Tharkar
Outbreaks of influenza epidemics are common but influenza vaccination is sub-optimal among the healthcare staff including the medical students. The study aims to assess the rate of vaccine uptake among medical students, its associated barriers and levels of awareness. A cross sectional study was done at a University Hospital in Saudi Arabia on 421 medical students by self administered questionnaire from February to March 2015. The immunization rate of seasonal influenza vaccine was just 20.7% in 2015, while it was 57% for cumulative of previous three-year period...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545901/management-of-aspergillus-pleural-empyema-with-combined-systemic-and-intrapleural-antifungal-therapy-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report
#10
Alanoud Almuhareb, Zakaria Habib
We present the case of an 8-year-old immunocompromised boy with invasive pulmonary aspergillosis, complicated with pleural empyema and disseminated to the bone and central nervous system (CNS). The patient was treated with combined systemic antifungal agents (voriconazole and caspofungin) and intrapleural instillation of liposomal amphotericin B, in addition to surgical intervention. The treatment was well tolerated and resulted in remarkable clinical and radiological pulmonary improvement.
May 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545900/environmental-contamination-with-toxocara-spp-eggs-in-public-parks-and-playground-sandpits-of-greater-lisbon-portugal
#11
David Otero, Ana Margarida Alho, Rolf Nijsse, Jeroen Roelfsema, Paul Overgaauw, Luís Madeira de Carvalho
Toxocarosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease transmitted from companion animals to humans. Environmental contamination with Toxocara eggs is considered to be the main source of human infections. In Portugal, knowledge regarding the current situation, including density, distribution and environmental contamination by Toxocara spp., is largely unknown. The present study investigated environmental contamination with Toxocara spp. eggs, in soil and faecal samples collected from public parks and playground sandpits in Greater Lisbon, Portugal...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545899/multiple-brain-abscesses-due-to-enterobacter-cloacae-in-an-immune-competent-child
#12
Arushi Gahlot Saini, Vinay Rathore, Chirag Kumar Ahuja, Rajesh Chhabra, Pankaj C Vaidya, Pratibha Singhi
Brain abscesses due to Enterobacteriaceae in immune-competent children are rare, and those due to Enterobacter cloacae are even rarer. We report an interesting case of community-acquired E. cloacae neuroinfection resulting in multiple brain abscesses in a young child with no underlying risk-factors. A 10 year-old-boy presented with low-grade fever, headache, neck pain and progressive deterioration of sensorium. On examination, he was conscious but drowsy with photophobia, normal fundii, meningeal signs, mild hypertonia, brisk muscle stretch reflexes and extensor plantar responses...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529138/public-preventive-awareness-and-preventive-behaviors-during-a-major-influenza-epidemic-in-fukui-japan
#13
Shintoku Takahashi, Kazuhiro Sato, Yukinori Kusaka, Akihito Hagihara
BACKGROUND: As an influenza epidemic poses a serious public health threat, it is important for the public to adopt behaviors that effectively prevent influenza infection. METHODS: In the winter of 2009, by using a structured questionnaire, we conducted an Internet survey with respect to residents (n=2788) in Fukui prefecture, Japan. The main aim is to obtain information about effective prevention, factors related to preventive awareness and behaviors during the influenza epidemic...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506737/detection-of-genital-chlamydial-and-gonococcal-infection-using-urine-samples-a-community-based-study-from-india
#14
Anjana Krishnan, Sasidharanpillai Sabeena, Parvati V Bhat, Veena Kamath, Maity Hindol, Vahid Rajabali Zadeh, Govindakarnavar Arunkumar
Sexually transmitted infections (STI) have a major impact on the reproductive health of women. Among the different etiological agents of STIs, Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the main bacterial pathogens that cause sexually transmitted infections in women. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of genital chlamydial and gonococcal infection among women in the age group of 18-65 years from a community-based setting. A community-based cross-sectional study was performed using the archived urine samples (n=811) of women in the age group of 18-65 years for C...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506660/specific-clones-of-staphylococcus-lugdunensis-may-be-associated-with-colon-carcinoma
#15
Norihisa Noguchi, Mari Fukuzawa, Takeaki Wajima, Kaoru Yokose, Masae Suzuki, Hidemasa Nakaminami, Takashi Kawai, Fuminori Moriyasu, Masanori Sasatsu
Staphylococcus lugdunensis produces a tannase with activity that may be associated with the onset of colon carcinoma. To clarify this feature of colon carcinoma-associated S. lugdunensis, we obtained isolates from healthy subjects and patients with colon adenomas and carcinomas and analyzed their genetic backgrounds. In total, 40 S. lugdunensis isolates from 288 rectal swabs collected between 2002 and 2008 were used. These isolates were classified into four groups according to the diseases of the subjects: healthy (n=13), colon carcinoma (n=13), colon adenoma (n=9), and unknown (n=5)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487208/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-invasive-fungal-infections-and-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-pneumonia-and-complicated-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-cssti-in-lebanon-and-saudi-arabia
#16
Rima Moghnieh, Adel F Alothman, Abdulhakeem O Althaqafi, Madonna J Matar, Thamer H Alenazi, Fayassal Farahat, Shelby L Corman, Caitlyn T Solem, Nirvana Raghubir, Cynthia Macahilig, Jennifer M Stephens
The objectives of this retrospective medical chart review study were to document the inpatient incidence, treatment, and clinical outcomes associated with invasive fungal infections (IFI) due to Candida and Aspergillus species, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pneumonia and MRSA complicated skin and soft tissue infections (cSSTI) in the Middle East. This study evaluated 2011-2012 data from 5 hospitals in Saudi Arabia and Lebanon with a combined total of 207,498 discharges. Hospital medical chart data were abstracted for a random sample of patients with each infection type (102 patients - IFI, 93 patients - MRSA pneumonia, and 87 patients-MRSA cSSTI)...
May 6, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476258/the-middle-east-and-eastern-europe-rabies-expert-bureau-meereb-third-meeting-lyon-france-7-8-april-2015
#17
REVIEW
V Picot, A Rasuli, A Abella-Rider, M Saadatian-Elahi, A Aikimbayev, A Barkia, S Benmaiz, Z Bouslama, K De Balogh, A Dehove, F Davlyatov, F Farahtaj, G Gongal, A Gholami, P Imnadze, M Issad, S Khoufi, V Nedosekov, A Rafila, H Rich, A Soufi, J Tuychiev, N Vranjes, R Vodopija, I Zaouia, L Nel
MEEREB is an inter-regional network of countries from North Africa, Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia that work together with the aim of improving rabies control and prevention at local, regional and global level. MEEREB members met for the third time in 2015 in France (Lyon) to review the current rabies situation within the network and to discuss the way forward the prospect of a One Health approach against rabies. Dogs were the main vector of transmission in all MEEREB countries except for Croatia and Serbia where foxes represented the primary source...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473261/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-saudi-populations-regarding-seasonal-influenza-vaccination
#18
Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Hosam M Althobaity, Daifullah Al Aboud, Ahmed S Abdel-Moneim
The World Health Organization Global Vaccine Action Plan aims to accelerate the control of preventable diseases, including seasonal influenza; however, seasonal influenza vaccination reluctance persists. The current study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitudes of Saudi nationals regarding seasonal influenza vaccinations. An anonymous questionnaire was targeted to Saudi nationals for self-enrolment in this study. Data were analyzed using descriptive and chi-squared analyses. This study included 1298 Saudi nationals (745 males and 553 females) who were ≥19 years old...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473260/isolation-and-characterization-of-listeria-monocytogenes-from-the-black-headed-gull-feces-in-kunming-china
#19
Xiaolong Cao, Yi Wang, Yan Wang, Changyun Ye
Listeria monocytogenes is among the most important foodborne pathogens, which can be isolated from bird feces. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence, genotypes, virulence factors and drug-resistance characteristics of L. monocytogenes isolated from the black-headed gull in Kunming, China. Serotypes and virulence genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) methods were used to describe the genetic characteristics of all positive isolates...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462854/characterization-of-carbapenemases-esbls-and-plasmid-mediated-quinolone-determinants-in-carbapenem-insensitive-escherichia-coli-and-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-riyadh-hospitals
#20
Mohamed H Al-Agamy, Abduelah Aljallal, Hesham H Radwan, Atef M Shibl
The main objective of this work was to characterize carbapenemases, extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs), and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) among carbapenem-insensitive Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli clinical isolates which were isolated from three hospitals in Riyadh. Thirty-one carbapenem-insensitive isolates (21 K. pneumoniae and 10 E. coli) were recovered from March 2014 to May 2014. Susceptibility testing and phenotypic detection tests were used to characterize the classes of β-lactamases...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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