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ARYA Atherosclerosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349579/the-importance-of-screening-sleep-disorders-in-outpatient-cardiac-rehabilitation-programs-in-iran
#1
Habibolah Khazaie, Saeid Komasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349578/combined-association-of-liver-and-renal-injury-by-intra-aortic-balloon-pump-malposition
#2
Feridoun Sabzi, Aghigheh Heidari, Reza Faraji
BACKGROUND: We report an unusual visceral complication of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) due to the malpositioning of the catheter in the aorta. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old man with severe left ventricular dysfunction underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with the preoperative use of an intra-aortic balloon pump. Postoperative course was complicated by renal and hepatic failure. The early occurrence of complications during 36 hours after operation exhibited a serious vascular complication...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349577/gerbode-type-defect-after-trans-septal-puncture-for-ablation-of-left-sided-accessory-pathway
#3
Masoud Eslami, Reza Mollazadeh, Roya Sattarzadeh-Badkoubeh
BACKGROUND: Trans-septal puncture (TSP) is a safe and effective method to approach left atrium and ventricle. Nowadays, cardiac electrophysiologists perform this procedure routinely to treat left-sided arrhythmias. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old man was referred to our center due to Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. After trans-septal puncture, contrast injection into the sheath showed that it was in the left ventricle (LV) rather than left atrium. Trans-esophageal echocardiography confirmed left ventricle outflow tract to right atrial (RA) jet...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349576/physicians-knowledge-attitudes-and-practice-for-hypertension-management-a-cross-sectional-study-in-hormozgan-province-iran
#4
Hossein Farshidi, Marzieh Nikparvar, Iran Rostami-Qeshmi, Roghaieh Ezzati-Rad, Afsoon Piroozan, Elham Boushehri
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a common risk factor for developing cardiovascular, brain, and kidney disorders; and today, it affects about one billion people worldwide. Insufficient clinical knowledge of the practitioners and family physicians and not following the guidelines has led to the improper control of hypertension. This study intended to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of general practitioners (GPs) about hypertension in Hormozgan province, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used consecutive sampling method...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349575/transulnar-versus-transradial-approach-for-coronary-angiography-and-angioplasty-considering-their-complications
#5
Farshad Roghani-Dehkordi, Rooholah Mansouri, Alireza Khosravi, Behzad Mahaki, Mehdi Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Kermani-Alghoraishi
BACKGROUND: Transulnar approach was introduced as an alternative procedure for transradial coronary angiography (CAG) due to its safety and feasibility. The present study was accomplished with the aim to compare major and minor complications of these two upper extremity approaches in the population under study. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 216 patients who underwent CAG and/or angioplasty via radial (111 cases) or ulnar artery (105 cases) were observed and followed for 6 months and were evaluated for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), minor and major neurovascular events (access related) of the arm including paresthesia/pain, pseudoaneurysm, artery spasm, arterial occlusion, large hematoma, and necessity for amputation or emergency surgery...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349574/serum-interleukin-18-and-extent-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-unstable-angina
#6
Masoumeh Sadeghi, Maryam Gheraati, Azam Soleimani, Afshin Amirpour, Marzieh Taheri, Safoura Yazdekhasti, Elham Valikhani
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is an inflammatory marker with challenging role in atherosclerosis. The present study was carried out aiming to evaluate the association between IL-18 serum level and extent and severity of atherosclerosis among young patients with unstable angina (UA) who underwent coronary angiography. METHODS: This cross sectional study was performed from July to October 2015 in Chamran heart center, Isfahan, Iran. 180 patients with UA in the age range of below 50 years entered the study...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349573/association-between-sleep-duration-and-electrocardiographic-ischemic-changes-in-middle-aged-population-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#7
Mehdi Khani, Jamshid Najafian, Marzieh Taheri, Afshan Akhavan-Tabib, Shidokht Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Recent studies examining the association between sleep duration and cardiovascular disease (CVD) showed inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between self-reported night sleep duration and ischemic changes in electrocardiography (ECG). METHODS: We conducted this cross-sectional study on 3513 participants from Iranian middle-aged population as a part of Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP), Isfahan, Iran. Sleep duration was obtained by questioning participants...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30349572/bridging-the-theory-practice-gap-in-iranian-emergency-nursing-education
#8
Shima Safazadeh, Alireza Irajpour, Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Fariba Haghani
BACKGROUND: The theory-practice gap is one of the important challenges of treatment, health, and educational systems. It is affected by different factors like students, teachers, and the clinical environment. This gap has consequences for education, as well as the treatment and health services systems. Thus, it is necessary to find effective strategies to reduce it. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim to find strategies to reduce the theory-practice gap in emergency nursing education in the view of stakeholders...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108642/trifascicular-block-as-primary-presentation-of-the-cardiac-amyloidosis-a-rare-case-report
#9
Mohsen Yaghubi, Hossein Dinpanah, Fahimeh Ghanei-Motlagh, Samaneh Kakhki, Reza Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Amyloidosis is a severe systemic disorder produces by the accumulation of inappropriately amyloid deposition in tissues. Cardiac involvement, as a main type of amyloidosis, has a major impact on prognosis. We describe a biopsy-proven cardiac amyloidosis in an old man with unexpected presentation. CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old man, with a complaint of severe weakness, lightheadedness, and lower limb paresthesia, was admitted to the emergency department. Electrocardiography revealed right bundle branch block and Trifascicular block...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108641/distal-accesses-in-the-hand-two-novel-techniques-for-percutaneous-coronary-angiography-and-intervention
#10
Farshad Roghani-Dehkordi, Omid Hashemifard, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Rohollah Mansouri, Mehdi Akbarzadeh, Asieh Dehghani, Mojtaba Akbari
BACKGROUND: Trans-radial and trans-ulnar accesses have been practiced and recommended as default and alternative techniques for coronary angiography and angioplasty in recent years. In this study, we present new innovative approaches using more distal access points, i.e. trans-snuff box and trans-palmar approaches. METHODS: We conducted dorsal hand access (trans-snuff box) for angiography and/or angioplasty on 235 patients, and trans-palmar access (superficial palmar branch of ulnar artery) on 175 patients in 3 hospitals in Isfahan City, Iran...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108640/effect-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-inflammation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-controlled-clinical-trials
#11
Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hossein Khosravi-Broujeni, Amin Salehi-Abarghouei, Ramin Heidari, Gholamreza Masoumi, Hamidreza Roohafza
BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on serum C-reactive protein (CRP) as an indicator of the inflammatory state and predictor of recurrent cardiovascular events. METHODS: PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar databases were searched up to January 2014 for original articles which investigated the effect of CR on CRP among adult patients with previous cardiovascular events. The random effects model was used to assess the overall effect of CR on the variation in serum CRP levels...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108639/right-ventricular-rv-echocardiographic-parameters-in-patients-with-pulmonary-thromboembolism-pte
#12
Javad Shahabi, Reihaneh Zavar, Afshin Amirpour, Mohammad Bidmeshki, Melinaz Barati-Chermahini
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a common disease with a high mortality rate, and a variable and nonspecific clinical presentation. To detect the nonspecific signs and symptoms associated with this condition, several right ventricular (RV) echocardiographic parameters have been proposed as practical marker. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 93 patients with PTE diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) angiography, and 57 patients with negative PTE based on CT angiography...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108638/cardiac-and-renal-fibrosis-and-oxidative-stress-balance-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-in-male-rats
#13
Fereshteh Asgharzadeh, Rahimeh Bargi, Mahmoud Hosseini, Mehdi Farzadnia, Majid Khazaei
BACKGROUND: Subclinical inflammation induced by persistent exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is found in some clinical conditions such as obesity or diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the effect of recurrent LPS exposure on inflammatory markers, oxidative stress balance and cardiac and renal fibrosis in male rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into control and LPS-treated. LPS (10 mg/kg/week) was injected intraperitoneally. After 4 weeks, left ventricles and kidneys were homogenized and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson trichrome for histological examination...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108637/methods-of-sampling-and-sample-size-determination-of-a-comprehensive-integrated-community-based-interventional-trial-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#14
Fatemeh Nouri, Awat Feizi, Noushin Mohammadifard, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was describing the sampling methods and sample size of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP) and its sub-studies in focus. METHODS: The IHHP was carried out between 2000 and 2007 in urban and rural areas in 3 districts, namely Isfahan and Najafabad (as the intervention areas), and Arak (as the reference area), Iran. It consisted of the 3 phases of baseline surveys during 2000-2001, interventions between 2002 and 2005, and post-intervention surveys during 2006-2007 on 4 target groups (adults, health professionals, cardiac patients, children, and adolescents)...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108636/periopathogens-in-atherosclerotic-plaques-of-patients-with-both-cardiovascular-disease-and-chronic-periodontitis
#15
Fazele Atarbashi-Moghadam, Seyed Rohollah Havaei, Seyed Asghar Havaei, Nafiseh Sadat Hosseini, Gholamreza Behdadmehr, Saede Atarbashi-Moghadam
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis and periodontitis are both chronic inflammatory diseases. Although a strong relationship between the two has already been established, the underlying mechanism is unknown. The present study was conducted aiming to detect the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A.a), Campylobacter rectus (C.r), and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g) in subgingival and atherosclerotic plaques of patients with both chronic periodontitis and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30108635/the-effect-of-different-digoxin-concentrations-on-heart-tissue-and-antioxidant-status-in-iron-overloaded-rats
#16
Beydolah Shahouzehi, Hamid Reza Nasri, Yaser Masoumi-Ardakani
BACKGROUND: Thalassaemia is a hereditary disorder and has an economic burden on patients and the government. The most prevalent complication in these patients is iron overload which is followed by cardiomyopathy. Digoxin is considered as a treatment against heart failure in thalassaemia. The present study evaluated the effect of two digoxin concentrations on iron content and antioxidative defense in cardiac tissue of iron-overloaded rats. METHODS: The study was conducted on 48 rats which were divided into 6 groups...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942339/off-center-cardiac-rehabilitation-focused-on-extended-emotional-relationship-and-common-health-gains
#17
Saeid Komasi, Ali Soroush, Mozhgan Saeidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942338/a-rare-case-of-spontaneous-and-simultaneous-multivessel-coronary-artery-spasm-leading-to-multisite-myocardial-infarction-and-ventricular-fibrillation
#18
Leili Iranirad, Mohammad Saleh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery spasm (CAS) can result in life-threatening arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death. Although this disorder has been known for a long time, little is known about it, and its mechanisms have been not identified yet. CASE REPORT: We describe a 52-year-old woman with no significant cardiovascular risk factors who experienced several episodes of spontaneous and coincident multivessel coronary artery spasm, which led to myocardial infarction as well as malignant arrhythmias...
January 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942337/unusual-management-of-parturient-patient-with-severe-bicuspid-aortic-valve-stenosis-and-congestive-heart-failure
#19
Mahdi Kahrom, Mostafa Ahmadi, Behrooz Mottahedi, Masoomeh Tabari, Atieh Vatanchi, Naser Paravi, Hamid Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Critical aortic stenosis (AS) is an unusual cardiac pathology in pregnancy, but has significant impact on the fetal and maternal outcomes of pregnancy. Pregnant patients with aortic stenosis and heart failure represent a major challenge for the heart team and anesthesiologist who should balance the risks and benefits of different treatment strategies and their effects on the mother and fetus. CASE REPORT: We present a 26-year-old parturient who underwent cesarean section at 30 weeks of gestation under general anesthesia in the presence of cardiac surgical team followed by deferred aortic valve replacement after two weeks...
January 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29942336/epicardial-fat-thickness-and-severity-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-ii
#20
Ali Nasri, Jamshid Najafian, Seied Majid Derakhshandeh, Faezeh Madjlesi
BACKGROUND: Clinical imaging studies have demonstrated a strong direct correlation between epicardial fat and abdominal visceral adiposity. There are several studies about positive correlation of epicardial fat and atherosclerotic coronary disease in general population. This study aimed to evaluate the association of epicardial fat thickness with atherosclerotic coronary disease in patients with diabetes mellitus type II. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study involved 80 patients with diabetes mellitus type II...
January 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
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