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ARYA Atherosclerosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643926/the-evaluation-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-non-hemorrhagic-stroke-and-atrial-fibrillation
#1
REVIEW
Mahdi Najafi-Dalui, Hasan Shemirani, Reyhaneh Zavar, Ali Eghbal
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common tachyarrhythmia and an important risk factor for thromboembolic stroke. CHA2DS2-VASc score was introduced for assessment of embolic events and as criteria for starting anticoagulants. This study was performed to evaluate the left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in patients with non-hemorrhagic stroke and AF. METHODS: This cross-sectional study consisted of 76 consecutive patients with suspected non-hemorrhagic stroke referred to the Cardiology Department of Alzahra and Ayatollah Kashani hospitals in Isfahan, Iran, during 2015-2016...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643925/isolated-double-orifice-mitral-valve-in-a-young-girl
#2
Niloufar Samiei, Hooman Dehghan, Maryam Pourmojib, Ahmad Mohebbi, Saeid Hosseini, Yousef Rezaei
BACKGROUND: Double-orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is an extremely rare cardiac malformation. It has been found to be accompanied by congenital anomalies (CAs), however, it can be detected as an isolated anomaly. The clinical findings of a DOMV are variable and depend predominantly on the associated cardiac abnormalities, particularly atrioventricular septal defects or mitral valve (MV) regurgitation and/or stenosis. CASE REPORT: In this regard, we describe an isolated DOMV in an 18-year-old young girl who complained of a short-term nonspecific chest pain...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643924/the-relationship-between-shift-work-and-framingham-risk-score-a-five-year-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Fatemeh Bazyar, Mohammad Gholami-Fesharaki, Mohsen Rowzati
BACKGROUND: There is a small number of studies that considered the relationship between shift work (SW) and Framingham risk score (FRS). This study prospectively examined the association between SW and FRS among man workers based on the multilevel modeling approach. METHODS: This five-year prospective cohort study was done among workers (using stratified random sampling) who work in Esfahan's Mobarakeh Steel Company (EMSC), Iran, from March 2011 to February 2015...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643923/the-effect-of-atorvastatin-treatment-duration-on-oxidative-stress-markers-and-lipid-profile-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-diseases-a-case-series-study
#4
Gholamreza Shahsavari, Amir Raoufi, Aram Toolabi, Nahid Hosseninejadmir, Hassan Ahmadvand, Mehdi Safariebrahimsarabie
BACKGROUND: The major aim of this study was evaluating the effect of atorvastatin treatment on thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), ferric reducing the ability of plasma (FRAP), small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL) and lipid profile in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: This study was carried out on 83 patients with angiographically proven coronary artery stenosis (52 men and 31 women) at Shahid Madani Hospital, Khorramabad, Iran, in 2015...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643922/an-investigation-of-the-psychological-experiences-of-patients-under-mechanical-ventilation-following-open-heart-surgery
#5
Yousef Aslani, Reyhaneh Niknejad, Maryam Moghimian, Jaefar Maghaddasi, Mohammad Akbari
BACKGROUND: Breathing and living on mechanical ventilation develops a different feeling in patients. Most of such feelings and experiences are not pleasant and can lead to psychiatric disorders in the patients after they are detached from the ventilator. The aim of this study is to explore the psychological experiences of patients under mechanical ventilation. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted according to an interpretive epistemological approach in 2016...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643921/air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-and-respiratory-disease-rationale-and-methodology-of-capacity-study
#6
Katayoun Rabiei, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Erfan Sadeghi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Mojtaba Rahimi, Mansour Shishehforoush, Ahmadreza Lahijanzadeh, Babak Sadeghian, Elham Moazam, Mohammad Bagher Mohebi, Victoria Ezatian, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Considering the high level of air pollution and its impact on health, we aimed to study the correlation of air pollution with hospitalization and mortality of cardiovascular (CVD) and respiratory diseases (ResD) (CAPACITY) to determine the effects of air pollutants on CVD and ResD hospitalizations and deaths in Isfahan, Iran. METHODS: Hourly levels of air pollutants including particulate matter (PM), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), and ozone (O3), information of CVD and ResD admissions and death certificate were obtained respectively from Department of Environment (DOE), Iran, hospitals and cemetery...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643920/mir-33-inhibition-attenuates-the-effect-of-liver-x-receptor-agonist-t0901317-on-expression-of-liver-x-receptor-alpha-in-mice-liver
#7
Abbas Mohammadi, Hossein Fallah, Beydolah Shahouzehi, Hamid Najafipour
BACKGROUND: microRNAs play pivotal roles in metabolism and other aspects of cell biology. microRNA-33 and liver X receptor (LXR) affect lipid metabolism and cholesterol trafficking. In this study, we evaluated effects of co-administration of miR-33 inhibitor and LXR activator on LXR-α and adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) expression in mice liver. METHODS: Twenty-four mice were randomly allocated into four groups (n = 6). Group 1 mice received standard chow diet without any treatment, group 2 received 30 mg/kg/48 hour LXR agonist (T0901317), group 3 received 1 mg/kg/48 hour in vivo locked nucleic acids (LNA) anti-miR-33 and group 4 received both T0901317 and in vivo LNA anti-miR-33...
November 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371872/septal-hematoma-due-to-stent-implementation-in-the-septal-course-of-the-left-anterior-descending-artery
#8
Ramin Khameneh-Bagheri, Reza Jafarzadeh-Esfehani, Mostafa Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: The interventricular septal hematoma (IVSH) is a rare and potentially lethal finding. There are variously reported etiologies including instrumental damages during cardiac interventions. Although there are not enough studies available, conservative management is considered as a preferable approach in stable patients. CASE REPORT: A 45-year man smoker with the previous history of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), admitted with unstable angina in present visit...
September 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371871/effect-of-crocin-a-carotenoid-from-saffron-on-plasma-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-protein-and-lipid-profile-in-subjects-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Ali Javandoost, Asma Afshari, Irandokht Nikbakht-Jam, Mohammad Khademi, Saied Eslami, Mina Nosrati, Mojtaba Foroutan-Tanha, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Shima Tavalaie, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon Ferns, Farzin Hadizadeh, Abolghasem Tabassi, Ahmad Mohajeri
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is defined by insulin resistance and a clustering of other cardiovascular risk factors. Crocin is a carotenoid derived from the stigmas of the saffron flower and had previously been shown to affect lipid profile. However, the mechanism for this function is not well understood. The present trial aimed to investigate the possible effect of crocin on plasma levels of cholesteryl ester transfer protein and lipid profile in individuals with metabolic syndrome...
September 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371870/persian-registry-of-cardiovascular-disease-prove-design-and-methodology
#10
Mahshid Givi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Mohammad Garakyaraghi, Ghasem Yadegarfar, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Alireza Khosravi, Amir Hossein Azhari, Mohammad Reza Samienasab, Davood Shafie, Mohammad Saadatnia, Hamidreza Roohafza, Navid Paydari, Azam Soleimani, Mohsen Hosseinzadeh, Seyed Abdulah Ahmadi, Leila Dehghani, Jamshid Najafian, Elham Andalib, Javad Shahabi, Mohammad Reza Sabri
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to create and establish a database called "Persian Registry Of cardioVascular diseasE (PROVE)" in order to be used for future research and in addition, as a tool to develop national guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this paper, the design and methodology of the PROVE pilot study will be discussed, launched in Isfahan, Iran, in 2015-2016. METHODS: Through establishing PROVE, patients' data were collected from hospitals and outpatient clinics prospectively or retrospectively and followed up for a maximum of three years based on the type of CVDs...
September 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371869/allopurinol-prophylactic-therapy-and-the-prevention-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-in-high-risk-patients-undergoing-coronary-angiography-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Leili Iranirad, Mohammad Saleh Sadeghi, Ahmadreza Bagheri, Kobra Doostali, Samieh Norouzi, Seyed Fakhreddin Hejazi, Hossein Saghafi, Sakineh Roshani-Mobaraki
BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is considered to be a possibly severe complication of radiography and thus, remains to be the main cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) for inpatients. A clinical trial was executed to measure the preventive effect of allopurinol against CIN in high-risk patients undertaking coronary angiography. METHODS: Through randomized controlled trial, 140 patients with at minimum two risk factors of CIN, undertaking coronary angiography, were randomly allocated to the allopurinol (n = 70) or control group (n = 70)...
September 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371868/factors-associated-with-the-no-reflow-phenomenon-following-percutaneous-intervention-of-saphenous-vein-coronary-bypass-grafts
#12
Mohammad Hashemi-Jazi, Sayed Mojtaba Hosseini, Ali Gholamrezaei
BACKGROUND: We investigated clinical and procedural factors associated with the no-reflow phenomenon following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the saphenous-vein grafts (SVG). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done on patients who had undergone PCI of the SVG. Patients' medical documents were reviewed for demographic, clinical, laboratory, and procedural data. Slow/no-reflow was defined based on the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) grade (0 to 2)...
September 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371867/design-and-implementation-of-a-combined-observational-and-interventional-study-trends-of-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-hypertension-and-the-effect-of-expanded-chronic-care-model-on-control-treatment-and-self-care
#13
Maryam Eghbali-Babadi, Alireza Khosravi, Awat Feizi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
BACKGROUND: Lack of information about hypertension leads to failure in detection, treatment and reduced estimation of this disease effects. So, a comprehensive study, named trends of prevalence, awareness, treatment and control hypertension among the adults in Isfahan, Iran (2001-2016) and evaluation of the effect of expanded chronic care model (ECCM) on control, treatment and self-care, has been designed. This study explains the aspects of design and methods of its implementation. METHODS: This study was conducted in four stages in 2014-2016...
September 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371866/gensini-scores-and-well-being-states-among-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-comparison-study
#14
Reza Rostami, Mahdi Najafi, Reza Sarami, Ali Bozorgi, Majid Soltani, Payman Salamati
BACKGROUND: World Health Organization (WHO) considered Mental Health Continuum (MHC) as a good instrument for well-being studies. Moreover, gensini score (GS) is an intensity index for coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of our study was to compare GSs among patients who had coronary artery disease with different well-being states. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Tehran Heart Center, Iran, in 2013. The study population consisted of 50 non-depressed patients who were candidates for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)...
September 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371865/pulmonary-artery-banding-using-polytetrafluoroethylene-choice-of-material
#15
EDITORIAL
Mohammad Hassan Nezafati, Pouya Nezafati, Mehdi Kahrom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147131/transcriptional-activity-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-gene-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-patients-with-coronary-slow-flow
#16
Yousef Rasmi, Morteza Bagheri, Sanaz Faramarz-Gaznagh, Mohadeseh Nemati, Mohammad Hasan Khadem-Ansari, Ehsan Saboory, Mir Hossein Seyed-Mohamadzad, Alireza Shirpoor
BACKGROUND: Coronary slow flow (CSF), an angiographic phenomenon that is characterized by a delayed coronary blood flow in the absence of obstructive coronary artery stenosis, is known as a disorder of the coronary microcirculation. Inflammation has an important role in the vascular hemostasis and endothelial dysfunction especially regarding monocyte adhesion and infiltration. Pro-inflammatory cytokines released by inflammatory cells result in endothelial cell dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147130/mobile-mass-in-the-aortic-arch-a-case-report
#17
Fatemeh Ghani-Dehkordi, Rostam Esfandiyari-Bakhtiyari, Firoozeh Alirezaee-Shahraki
BACKGROUND: The finding of a floating mass in the aortic arch is rare and the management remains controversial. CASE REPORT: We describe a 42-year-old woman with an embolic infarction in whom transesophageal echocardiography revealed a mobile mass in the aortic arch that was characterized as atherothrombi with an evidence of embolic infarction in the territory of the middle cerebral artery. Treatment with antiplatelet and anticoagulants failed to resolve the mass and is surgically resected...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147129/the-effect-of-exercise-training-on-upregulation-of-molecular-markers-of-bile-acid-metabolism-in-the-liver-of-ovariectomized-rats-fed-a-cholesterol-rich-diet
#18
Zahra Farahnak, Luciane Magri Tomaz, Raynald Bergeron, Natalie Chapados, Jean-Marc Lavoie
BACKGROUND: Small heterodimer partner (SHP) is an important transcriptional factor involved in the regulation of glucose, lipid, and bile acid metabolism in the liver. SHP has been reported to be down-regulated in ovariectomized (Ovx) mice and up-regulated by estrogens suggesting a link between estrogens and SHP. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of exercise training on SHP and key molecular markers of cholesterol and bile acid homeostasis in Ovx rats under cholesterol feeding...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147128/the-effect-of-educational-intervention-on-weight-loss-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#19
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy-Mahmoodabad, Zohreh Sadat Navabi, Alireza Ahmadi, Mohsen Askarishahi
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is associated with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular diseases. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) efficiently explains the ability of perceived behavioral control and possibly attitude to enhance the motivations of the obese people to lose weight. Our aim was to investigate the effect of TPB-based education on weight loss in obese and overweight adolescents. METHODS: In an interventional study, simple random sampling was used to select 86 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-18 years in the pediatric clinic at the Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147127/association-between-abo-blood-group-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-unstable-angina
#20
Negar Omidi, Mohammad Rafie Khorgami, Mohammad Effatpanah, Farnaz Khatami, Mehrpouya Mashhadizadeh, Arash Jalali, Hamidreza Hekmat
BACKGROUND: ABO blood groups are genetically transmitted through chromosome 9 at locus 9q34. It is supposed that there is a locus on 9p21, which has a role in developing coronary artery disease. METHODS: Our study population consisted of 309 patients with unstable angina admitted to the Ziaeian Hospital, Tehran, Iran, who underwent coronary angiography. The association between types of blood group (O and non-O) with the severity of coronary artery disease was investigated...
July 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
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