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ARYA Atherosclerosis

Samaneh Abolbashari, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Zahra Meshkat
Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Chronic inflammation is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis, and viral infections can cause cardiovascular disease by developing inflammation. Infection with human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV) is endemic in some parts of the world such as Japan, Africa, Caribbean islands, South America, and Iran. HTLV-1 is an oncogenic retrovirus, and can cause adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL or ATLL). It also causes HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP)...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mohammad Reza Sabri, Mohammad Shoja, Mohsen Shoja, Mohsen Hosseinzadeh
BACKGROUND: Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is one of the most common cyanotic congenital heart diseases (CHD) in children. Various surgical procedures including palliative shunts and TOF total correction (TFTC) were done with some complications, of which, the most common is pulmonary valve regurgitation (PR). Tadalafil is a phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitor which reduces pulmonary vascular resistance, and improves right ventricular function and vascular endothelium, and may have some beneficial effects after TFTC...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Gholamreza Veghari, Aref Salehi, Masoumeh Vaghari
BACKGROUND: Central obesity is a common health disorder, and the main objective of this study was to compare its changings among rural women in the north of Iran, between the years 2004 and 2013. METHODS: Two cross-sectional studies were established on the 2839 and 2478 subjects in 2004 (first stage) and 2013 (second stage), respectively. Among 118 villages, 20 were selected using random sampling; they were the same in two studies. Central obesity was defined as waist circumference (WC) > 88 cm, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) > 0...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Nazanin Alaei Faradonbeh, Fariborz Nikaeen, Mojtaba Akbari, Naser Almasi, Mehrbod Vakhshoori
BACKGROUND: Risk assessment in clinical practice plays an important role in classifying population for appropriate preventive medicine for each category. Several multivariable risk predictor algorithms and inflammatory biomarkers are developed for assessing risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). We aimed to depict a picture of the cardiovascular risk profiles in the Iranian population with diabetes mellitus (DM) through three risk predictors for the first time, as the patients with DM have an increased risk for CVDs...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Effat Farrokhi, Keihan Ghatreh-Samani, Najmeh Salehi-Vanani, Amin Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is involved in extracellular matrix degradation and remodeling. An increase in MMP-9 expression by vascular component cells plays an important role in atherosclerotic plaque formation and rupture. Resveratrol, a polyphenolic substance, was suggested to play a role in preventing the progress of atherosclerotic disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of resveratrol on MMP-9 and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) after treatment with H2O2...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Manizheh Dadbakhsh, Narges Khanjani, Abbas Bahrampour
BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that temperature may have an effect on the number of cardiovascular deaths in societies. Global warming is a concern, and cardiovascular diseases are the top cause of death worldwide. This study investigated the relation between temperature and cardiovascular mortality in Shiraz City, Iran. METHODS: In this ecological study, data about temperature and cardiovascular deaths (in age and gender groups) in Shiraz City were inquired from 2006 to 2012...
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Saeid Komasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Habibolah Khazaie, Saeid Komasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Feridoun Sabzi, Aghigheh Heidari, Reza Faraji
BACKGROUND: We report an unusual visceral complication of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) due to the malpositioning of the catheter in the aorta. CASE REPORT: A 55-year-old man with severe left ventricular dysfunction underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with the preoperative use of an intra-aortic balloon pump. Postoperative course was complicated by renal and hepatic failure. The early occurrence of complications during 36 hours after operation exhibited a serious vascular complication...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Masoud Eslami, Reza Mollazadeh, Roya Sattarzadeh-Badkoubeh
BACKGROUND: Trans-septal puncture (TSP) is a safe and effective method to approach left atrium and ventricle. Nowadays, cardiac electrophysiologists perform this procedure routinely to treat left-sided arrhythmias. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old man was referred to our center due to Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. After trans-septal puncture, contrast injection into the sheath showed that it was in the left ventricle (LV) rather than left atrium. Trans-esophageal echocardiography confirmed left ventricle outflow tract to right atrial (RA) jet...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Hossein Farshidi, Marzieh Nikparvar, Iran Rostami-Qeshmi, Roghaieh Ezzati-Rad, Afsoon Piroozan, Elham Boushehri
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a common risk factor for developing cardiovascular, brain, and kidney disorders; and today, it affects about one billion people worldwide. Insufficient clinical knowledge of the practitioners and family physicians and not following the guidelines has led to the improper control of hypertension. This study intended to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice of general practitioners (GPs) about hypertension in Hormozgan province, Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used consecutive sampling method...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Farshad Roghani-Dehkordi, Rooholah Mansouri, Alireza Khosravi, Behzad Mahaki, Mehdi Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Kermani-Alghoraishi
BACKGROUND: Transulnar approach was introduced as an alternative procedure for transradial coronary angiography (CAG) due to its safety and feasibility. The present study was accomplished with the aim to compare major and minor complications of these two upper extremity approaches in the population under study. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 216 patients who underwent CAG and/or angioplasty via radial (111 cases) or ulnar artery (105 cases) were observed and followed for 6 months and were evaluated for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), minor and major neurovascular events (access related) of the arm including paresthesia/pain, pseudoaneurysm, artery spasm, arterial occlusion, large hematoma, and necessity for amputation or emergency surgery...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Masoumeh Sadeghi, Maryam Gheraati, Azam Soleimani, Afshin Amirpour, Marzieh Taheri, Safoura Yazdekhasti, Elham Valikhani
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is an inflammatory marker with challenging role in atherosclerosis. The present study was carried out aiming to evaluate the association between IL-18 serum level and extent and severity of atherosclerosis among young patients with unstable angina (UA) who underwent coronary angiography. METHODS: This cross sectional study was performed from July to October 2015 in Chamran heart center, Isfahan, Iran. 180 patients with UA in the age range of below 50 years entered the study...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mehdi Khani, Jamshid Najafian, Marzieh Taheri, Afshan Akhavan-Tabib, Shidokht Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Recent studies examining the association between sleep duration and cardiovascular disease (CVD) showed inconsistent results. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between self-reported night sleep duration and ischemic changes in electrocardiography (ECG). METHODS: We conducted this cross-sectional study on 3513 participants from Iranian middle-aged population as a part of Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP), Isfahan, Iran. Sleep duration was obtained by questioning participants...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Shima Safazadeh, Alireza Irajpour, Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Fariba Haghani
BACKGROUND: The theory-practice gap is one of the important challenges of treatment, health, and educational systems. It is affected by different factors like students, teachers, and the clinical environment. This gap has consequences for education, as well as the treatment and health services systems. Thus, it is necessary to find effective strategies to reduce it. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the aim to find strategies to reduce the theory-practice gap in emergency nursing education in the view of stakeholders...
May 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mohsen Yaghubi, Hossein Dinpanah, Fahimeh Ghanei-Motlagh, Samaneh Kakhki, Reza Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Amyloidosis is a severe systemic disorder produces by the accumulation of inappropriately amyloid deposition in tissues. Cardiac involvement, as a main type of amyloidosis, has a major impact on prognosis. We describe a biopsy-proven cardiac amyloidosis in an old man with unexpected presentation. CASE REPORT: A 70-year-old man, with a complaint of severe weakness, lightheadedness, and lower limb paresthesia, was admitted to the emergency department. Electrocardiography revealed right bundle branch block and Trifascicular block...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Farshad Roghani-Dehkordi, Omid Hashemifard, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Rohollah Mansouri, Mehdi Akbarzadeh, Asieh Dehghani, Mojtaba Akbari
BACKGROUND: Trans-radial and trans-ulnar accesses have been practiced and recommended as default and alternative techniques for coronary angiography and angioplasty in recent years. In this study, we present new innovative approaches using more distal access points, i.e. trans-snuff box and trans-palmar approaches. METHODS: We conducted dorsal hand access (trans-snuff box) for angiography and/or angioplasty on 235 patients, and trans-palmar access (superficial palmar branch of ulnar artery) on 175 patients in 3 hospitals in Isfahan City, Iran...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Masoumeh Sadeghi, Hossein Khosravi-Broujeni, Amin Salehi-Abarghouei, Ramin Heidari, Gholamreza Masoumi, Hamidreza Roohafza
BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the effect of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on serum C-reactive protein (CRP) as an indicator of the inflammatory state and predictor of recurrent cardiovascular events. METHODS: PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, and Google Scholar databases were searched up to January 2014 for original articles which investigated the effect of CR on CRP among adult patients with previous cardiovascular events. The random effects model was used to assess the overall effect of CR on the variation in serum CRP levels...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Javad Shahabi, Reihaneh Zavar, Afshin Amirpour, Mohammad Bidmeshki, Melinaz Barati-Chermahini
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a common disease with a high mortality rate, and a variable and nonspecific clinical presentation. To detect the nonspecific signs and symptoms associated with this condition, several right ventricular (RV) echocardiographic parameters have been proposed as practical marker. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 93 patients with PTE diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) angiography, and 57 patients with negative PTE based on CT angiography...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Fereshteh Asgharzadeh, Rahimeh Bargi, Mahmoud Hosseini, Mehdi Farzadnia, Majid Khazaei
BACKGROUND: Subclinical inflammation induced by persistent exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is found in some clinical conditions such as obesity or diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the effect of recurrent LPS exposure on inflammatory markers, oxidative stress balance and cardiac and renal fibrosis in male rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats were divided into control and LPS-treated. LPS (10 mg/kg/week) was injected intraperitoneally. After 4 weeks, left ventricles and kidneys were homogenized and stained with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson trichrome for histological examination...
March 2018: ARYA Atherosclerosis
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