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ARYA Atherosclerosis

Hassan Mansouritorghabeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Ali Vasheghani-Farahani, Masih Tajdini, Seyed Abolfazl Mohsenizadeh, Seyed Mohammad Reza Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) is a medical device to help cardiac synchronized contractility by electrical impulses. Improvement of symptoms and left ventricular systolic function, reducing hospital admissions and mortality in patients with moderate to severe heart failure are the main benefits of administration of cardiac resynchronization therapy. CASE REPORT: In this article, we describe a case of heart failure and left bundle branch block (LBBB) who was candidate for cardiac resynchronization therapy; but after managing hyperkalemia, left bundle branch block resolved, ejection fraction increased and cardiac resynchronization therapy implantation was canceled...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Farzaneh Karimi-Alavijeh, Saeed Jalili, Masoumeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome which underlies the increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes is considered as a group of metabolic abnormalities including central obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, glucose intolerance, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Recently, artificial intelligence based health-care systems are highly regarded because of its success in diagnosis, prediction, and choice of treatment. This study employs machine learning technics for predict the metabolic syndrome...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Saeid Komasi, Mozhgan Saeidi
BACKGROUND: To investigate the role of sex and age differences in marital conflict and stress of patients who were under cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. METHODS: The data of this cross-sectional study were collected from the database of the CR Department of Imam Ali Hospital, Kermanshah, Iran. The demographics and medical data of 683 persons were collected from January 2003 and January 2010 using medical records, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Hudson's Index of Marital Stress, and the Structured Clinical Interview for axis I disorders...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Davoud Kazemi-Saleh, Pooya Koosha, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Reza Karbasi-Afshar, Mansoureh Boshtam, Shahram Oveis-Gharan
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have been conducted on the predictive effects of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) on cardiovascular events. Few studies have been conducted to investigate the effects of adiponectin for the prediction of the incident of cardiovascular events in the Middle East area. This study compared the predictive effect of hs-CRP and adiponectin on healthy volunteers for the prediction of cerebrovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: This nested case-control in original Isfahan Cohort Study (ICS) was conducted from 2001 to 2011...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Razieh Yazdani-Bakhsh, Mehdi Javanbakht, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Atefeh Mashayekhi, Hossein Ghaderi, Katayoun Rabiei
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) evaluation is an important measure of the impact of the disease. As more people with coronary heart disease (CHD) live longer, doctors and researchers want to know how they manage in day to day life. It looked like adults with CHD had a decrease QOL. The aim of this study was to comparison of HRQOL of patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and to assess its main determinants in the whole sample of coronary artery disease (CAD) patients...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mahnaz Zarei, Zahra Farahnak, Mohammad Javad Hosseinzadeh-Attar, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Payam Hosseinzadeh, Hoda Derakhshanian, Payam Farahbakhsh-Farsi, Mahmoud Djalali
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to compare lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzymes activity in Type 2 diabetes patients with good or weak glycemic control. METHODS: In this case-control study, 62 Type 2 diabetic patients with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) between 6 and 8 were enrolled as the controlled group and 55 patients with HbA1c > 8 were selected as an uncontrolled group. Patients were all referred to Iranian Diabetes Association in Tehran, Iran, from 2010 onward...
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mohaddeseh Behjati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Masoud Pourmoghaddas, Alireza Khosravi, Mohammadreza Akhbari, Mojtaba Akbari, Mohamadreza Pourbehi, Fereshteh Ziaei, Leila Salehizade, Nahid Sistan, Masoumeh Esmaeili, Peyman Bidram
BACKGROUND: Resistant hypertension is a common clinical problem of blood pressure that is not controlled despite the simultaneous application of multiple antihypertensive agents. Ablation of renal afferent nerves has been applied and proved to decrease hypertension and injuries produced by severe sympathetic hyperactivity. The main objective of this study was to investigate the long-term effect of renal artery sympathetic ablation and its complications in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension...
March 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Farshad Roghani-Dehkordi, Mehrdad Roghani
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is of great clinical significance. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether exposure of endothelium-intact aortic rings to simvastatin could have a vasorelaxant effect in diabetic rats. METHODS: For induction of diabetes, streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/kg, i.p., single dose) was used. After 1 month, the cumulative reaction of isolated endothelium-intact aortic rings was determined to KCl and phenylephrine (PE) in the absence and presence of nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, i...
March 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Ahmet Seyfeddin Gurbuz, Semi Ozturk, Emrah Acar, Suleyman Cagan Efe, Alev Kilicgedik, Cevat Kirma
BACKGROUND: Saphenous vein graft aneurysms (SVGAs) are rare seen issues after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation which may lead to major complications including compression of adjacent structure, myocardial ischemia, rupture, and even death. CASE REPORT: We report a patient with recurrent SVGA and its treatment by percutaneous intervention with a covered stent, the diagnostic and treatment procedure were based on contrast enhanced computed tomography and myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS)...
March 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Katayoun Rabiei, Mousa Alavi, Roya Kelishadi, Leila Manzouri, Heidarali Abedi, Khadijeh Fereydoun-Mohaseli, Hasan Azaripour-Masooleh, Hamidreza Roohafza, Gholamreza Heidari
BACKGROUND: The epidemic of smoking is a great concern of health systems. Moreover, the number of smokers is increasing worldwide and this has led to an escalating trend of morbidity, mortality, and burden of smoking-related diseases. Therefore, monitoring the implementation of tobacco control laws in different countries is of extreme importance. This study aimed to describe policy makers' experiences and perceptions of the facilitating factors of the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) in Iran...
March 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Hassan Ahmadvand, Shahrokh Bagheri, Ahmad Tamjidi-Poor, Mostafa Cheraghi, Mozhgan Azadpour, Behrouz Ezatpour, Sanaz Moghadam, Gholamreza Shahsavari, Masumeh Jalalvand
BACKGROUND: Oleuropein is a natural antioxidant and scavenging free radicals. In the present study, we examined effect of oleuropein on the paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activity, lipid peroxidation, lipid profile, atherogenic indexes, and relationship of PON1 activity by high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and atherogenic indices in gentamicin (GM)-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. METHODS: This is a lab trial study in Khorramabad, Lorestan province of Iran (2013)...
March 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mahlagha Dehghan, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Sedigheh Iranmanesh
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a global public health crisis. Poorly controlled high blood pressure is one of the major factors contributed to this crisis. As lack of treatment adherence is often considered the main reason for this failure, the Treatment Adherence Questionnaire for Patient with Hypertension (TAQPH) was developed. Since this questionnaire should be reliable and strongly valid to be used in clinics and research, this study was performed to test the reliability and validity of the TAQPH...
March 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Fatameh Karimpour, Ghorban Mohammadzadeh, Alireza Kheirollah, Mohammad Ali Ghaffari, Azadeh Saki
BACKGROUND: Colesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) plays a key role in the metabolism of lipoproteins; therefore, polymorphisms of its gene can affect susceptibility to coronary artery disease (CAD) in diabetes mellitus. The aim of the present study was to investigate association between I405V polymorphism of CETP gene and risk of CAD in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: The current case-control study was conducted on 143 patients with type 2 diabetes and angiographically diagnosed CAD and 150 patients with type 2 diabetes and without CAD...
March 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mohammad Abdolazimi, Alireza Khosravi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Hamid Salehiniya, Jafar Golshahi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the primary cause of mortality in the world and Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic factors of short-term survival from acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in early and late patients in the Najafabad and Isfahan County, Iran. METHODS: This hospital-based cohort study was conducted using the hospital registry of 1999-2009 in Iran. All patients (n = 14426) with an AMI referred to hospitals of Isfahan and Najafabad were investigated...
March 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mohammad Reza Najafi, Nafiseh Toghianifar, Morteza Abdar Esfahani, Mohammad Amin Najafi, Mohammad Javad Mollakouchakian
BACKGROUND: Vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia (VBD) is a rare vasculopathy. The etiology of this disease is unknown. Transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) of vertebrobasilar system refer to a transient (< 24 hours) lowering of blood flow in the posterior circulation of the brain. We present a case of dolichoectasia in the vertebrobasilar artery that presented with TIAs. CASE REPORT: A hypertensive 54-year-old man with true vertigo, nausea, imbalance, dysarthria, dysmetria, horizontal nystagmus, and gait ataxia was referred to Alzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran...
January 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Zahra Alizadeh Sani, Mohammad Vojdanparast, Nahid Rezaeian, Azin Seifi, Sahar Omidvar Tehrani, Pouya Nezafati
BACKGROUND: Isolated left ventricular apical hypoplasia with several different unrecognized dimensions is a newly discovered congenital anomaly of the heart. CASE REPORT: In this report, we describe a case of cardiomyopathy of this type occurring in a 13-year-old male with a history of mental retardation and sudden cardiac death (SCD) of second-degree relatives. The patient was referred for an evaluation of cardiac status. An echocardiography analysis demonstrated a spherical left ventricle (LV) appearance with mild mitral regurgitation...
January 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Mohammad Saeid Rezaee-Zavareh, Mohammad Tohidi, Amin Sabouri, Mahdi Ramezani-Binabaj, Mohsen Sadeghi-Ghahrodi, Behzad Einollahi
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic event is one of the most causes of death in the world. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one manifestation of atherosclerosis. It is well-known that several risk factors, such as diabetes mellitus (DM), smoking, hypertension (HTN), have effects on it. It is proposed that infection can lead to atherosclerosis or even make its process faster. Here, we discuss about the effect of some of infectious agents on the atherosclerosis and CAD. METHODS: In this study, first we did a comprehensive search in PubMed, Scopus, and Science Direct using some related keywords such as atherosclerosis, CAD, myocardial infarction (MI), infection, and name of viruses and bacteria...
January 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
Omotola Abdulmalik, Olulola Olutoyin Oladapo, Modupeola Oluwabunmi Bolaji
BACKGROUND: Extracts of Vernonia amygdalina (V. amygdalina) have been shown to affect the serum lipid profile of some laboratory animals in previous studies. Its impact on serum lipid profile and the histological changes in atherosclerosis has not been studied. Our aim was to determine the effects of V. amygdalina on atherosclerotic lesions induced in rabbits on high-cholesterol diet. METHODS: 18 male rabbits were randomly divided into three groups of control, atherogenic diet, and atherogenic diet + 200 mg/kg of V...
January 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
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