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ARYA Atherosclerosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607571/myocardial-bridging-of-the-posterolateral-branches-of-the-right-coronary-artery
#1
Arash Gholoobi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607570/presentation-of-new-classification-of-perceived-risk-factors-and-etiologies-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#2
Saeid Komasi, Mozhgan Saeidi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607569/huge-mass-in-right-side-of-the-heart-a-rare-case-report
#3
Reza Ghasemi, Fahimeh Ghanei-Motlagh, Susan Nazari, Mohsen Yaghubi
BACKGROUND: The presence of primary intracardiac tumors are scarce, and most of them are myxomas. We reported, in this paper, a case with huge mass in the right side of the heart. CASE REPORT: A 45-year-old man, with a complaint of bilateral lower limbs edema and exertional dyspnea, was admitted to intensive cardiac care unit. Cardiac auscultation revealed soft grade systolic murmur without any evidence of "tumor plop." Echocardiography showed a huge mobile mass in right side of the heart that suggested myxoma...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607568/review-of-studies-on-the-fat-mass-and-obesity-associated-fto-gene-interactions-with-environmental-factors-affecting-on-obesity-and-its-impact-on-lifestyle-interventions
#4
REVIEW
Naser Kalantari, Saeid Doaei, Nastaran Keshavarz-Mohammadi, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Naeimeh Pazan
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is influenced by environmental and genetic factors. Recently, it has been reported that an interaction between genotype and environmental factors can affect each other's effects on the phenotype. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the recent studies on the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene interactions with environmental factors affecting on obesity and the impact of these interactions on the success level of the lifestyle intervention...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607567/the-outbreak-fingolimod-cardiovascular-side-effects-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-patient-a-longitudinal-study-in-an-iranian-population
#5
Morteza Abdar, Payam Ebrahimifar, Masoud Etemadifar
BACKGROUND: Fingolimod (FTY-720) has shown efficacy in relapsing multiple sclerosis (MS), while some side effects of this drug have been recognized that the most important is cardiovascular side effects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular side effects of FTY-720. However, the effect of fingolimod on cardiac has not been well recognized. This study was designed to evaluate the cardiovascular side effects of fingolimod in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patient in an Iranian population...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607566/comparative-effects-of-carbohydrate-versus-fat-restriction-on-metabolic-profiles-biomarkers-of-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-overweight-patients-with-type-2-diabetic-and-coronary-heart-disease-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Fariba Raygan, Fereshteh Bahmani, Ebrahim Kouchaki, Esmat Aghadavod, Sahar Sharifi, Elmira Akbari, Akbar Heidari, Zatollah Asemi
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to establish the comparative effects of carbohydrate versus fat restriction on metabolic indices in Type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: This randomized, clinical trial was done among 56 overweight persons with T2D and CHD aged 40-85 years old. The patients were randomly allocated to take either a high-carbohydrate (HC) diet (60-65% carbohydrates and 20-25% fats) (n = 28) or a restricted carbohydrate (RC) diet (43-49% carbohydrate and 36-40% fats) (n = 28) for 8 weeks to determine metabolic status...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607565/the-prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-relationship-with-demographic-factors-biochemical-and-anthropometric-indicators-a-population-based-study
#7
Mohammad Khajedaluee, Tahereh Hassannia, Abdolrahim Rezaee, Maryam Ziadi, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health challenge worldwide. The prevalence of HTN varies across countries. It is necessary to obtain valid information about the prevalence of chronic condition like HTN and its predictors in different societies. Hence, this study was conducted to assess the prevalence of HTN and associated factors in Mashhad, Iran, 2015. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 2974 adults residing in Mashhad in 2015...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607564/subclinical-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-case-control-study-using-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#8
Alireza Moaref, Majid Faraji, Maryam Tahamtan
BACKGROUND: The dramatic increase in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome is associated with more increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in this group. Some recent studies suggested that metabolic syndrome is associated with increased risk of subclinical left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. In the present cross-sectional case-control study, the utility of two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) was examined to detect early LV systolic dysfunction in this population...
November 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458702/study-of-the-involved-vascular-territories-in-patients-with-ischemic-stroke-in-kerman-iran
#9
Hossein Ali Ebrahimi, Mohammad Saba, Behnaz Sedighi, Hoda Kamali
BACKGROUND: The races show different cerebrovascular involvements, for example, the involvement of intracranial arteries are higher among Asians than Caucasians. The aim of this study was to investigate the cerebrovascular stenosis pattern by computed tomography angiography (CTA), which is unprecedented in Iran. METHODS: In this study, patients with brain stroke (thrombosis), confirmed by CT scanning and cardiac assessments, who referred to Shafa Hospital in Kerman, Iran, underwent brain and cervical arteries CT angiography to assess involved cerebrovascular territories and also its risk factors from June 2012 to June 2013...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458701/is-herbal-therapy-safe-in-obesity-a-case-of-apium-graveolens-celery-induced-hyperthyroidism
#10
Hojjat Rouhi-Boroujeni, Masih Hosseini, Mojgan Gharipour, Hamid Rouhi-Boroujeni
BACKGROUND: Apium graveolens is one of the well-known herbs used for the treatment of different; however, allergic reactions have been reported after its use. This report aimed to demonstrate the A. graveolens induced hyperthyroidism after its oral consumption for weight loss. CASE REPORT: Mr. A, 48-year-old, with no history of any thyroid diseases, was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism due to daily consumption of 4 g of dried celery leaves for 45 days. After cessation of consumption and treatment with methimazole, the symptoms remitted...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458700/echocardiographic-characteristics-of-isolated-left-ventricular-noncompaction
#11
Afsoon Fazlinezhad, Mohammad Vojdanparast, Shadi Sarafan, Pouya Nezafati
BACKGROUND: Although isolated left ventricular noncompaction (ILVNC) has been described almost two decades ago, our knowledge about its diagnosis, presentation, echocardiographic features and clinical outcome is sparse. We aimed to assess the echocardiographic and clinical characteristics of ILVNC in a group of patients referred to our center. METHODS: Patients who were referred to a tertiary referral center, affiliated with Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, with primary diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy underwent comprehensive echocardiographic evaluation...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458699/pentoxifylline-and-prevention-of-contrast-induced-nephropathy-is-it-efficient-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-coronary-angioplasty
#12
Ali Eshraghi, Roya Naranji-Sani, Hourak Pourzand, Mohammad Vojdanparast, Negar Morovatfar, Javad Ramezani, Ramin Khamene-Bagheri, Pouya Nezafati
BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a major concern following procedures with applying iodinated contrast media. The basis prevention of CIN is hydration and to avoid hypovolemia. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of pentoxifylline (PTX) for the prevention of CIN in patients with myocardial infarction (MI) undergoing coronary angioplasty. METHODS: This prospective, single-blind, randomized clinical trial study was performed on 175 (127 men) of MI patients undergoing routine treatment...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458698/relationship-between-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-serum-levels-and-the-severity-of-coronary-artery-stenosis-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#13
Seyed Masoud Seyedian, Farzaneh Ahmadi, Razieh Dabagh, Hannaneh Davoodzadeh
BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) inflammatory biomarker is one of the best informative markers of prognosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) that has been studied. Some studies have found that hs-CRP has a direct correlation with CAD. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between serum levels of hs-CRP and the severity of coronary artery stenosis in patients with stable and unstable angina. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 150 patients undergoing coronary angiography in Golestan Hospital Ahvaz, Iran in 2012, were studied in three groups of stable angina (n = 50), unstable angina (n = 50), and normal coronary angiography (n = 50)...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458697/myocardial-iron-load-measured-by-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-evaluate-cardiac-systolic-function-in-thalassemia
#14
Masoumeh Kahnooji, Hamid Reza Rashidinejad, Mohammad Shahram Yazdanpanah, Nahid Azdaki, Ahmad Naghibzadeh-Tahami
BACKGROUND: The assessment of cardiac iron overload in thalassemia major has been considered as an important predictive factor of heart injury. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived relaxation time parameter (T2*) varies inversely with iron level, and elevated myocardial iron levels by T2* are associated with depressed left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF). We compared echocardiographic (ECHO) indices of systolic function to myocardial T2* in these patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional database review identified 200 consecutive patients with thalassemia who underwent both ECHO and MRI T2* assessment...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458696/relationship-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-angiographic-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease
#15
Reza Miri, Amir Sajjadieh, Mohammad Parsamahjoob, Bahareh Hajibaratali, Masood Shekarchizadeh, Ali Asghar Kolahi, Mehran Sadeghi, Zahra Ahmadi, Hamedreza Farmanara, Mansoureh Shekarchizadeh-Esfahani
BACKGROUND: There are a few literature data on the correlation between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and coronary disease among Iranian population. This study aimed to find relationship between MetS and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in presence of diabetes. METHODS: Total of 192 patients were consecutively enrolled in the study who were admitted to coronary care unit because of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and then underwent coronary angiography. MetS was defined by Iranian criteria...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458695/the-prevalence-of-low-physical-activity-in-an-urban-population-and-its-relationship-with-other-cardiovascular-risk-factors-findings-of-a-community-based-study-kercadrs-in-southeast-of-iran
#16
Hamid Najafipour, Mansoor Moazenzadeh, Mahdi Afshari, Hamid Reza Nasri, Mohammad Khaksari, Afsaneh Forood, Ali Mirzazadeh
BACKGROUND: The low physical activity (LPA) more or less affects every community. Because of high prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Iran and their relationship with LPA, this study aimed to measure precisely the epidemic size of LPA and determine its relationship with six other coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factors among an urban population aged 15 to 75 years in Kerman, Iran. METHODS: Using household survey, 5895 adults were randomly recruited through single-stage cluster sampling from 250 postal codes...
September 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149318/efficacy-and-safety-of-tornus-catheter-in-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-of-hard-or-balloon-uncrossable-chronic-total-occlusion
#17
Mohsen Mohandes, Sergio Rojas, Jordi Guarinos, Francisco Fernández, Xavier Oliva, Marianela Noueched, Alfredo Bardaji
BACKGROUND: Balloon advancement and dilation through chronic total occlusion segment could be challenging in some cases after successful wire crossing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate efficacy and safety of Tornus catheter (Asahi Intecc; Aichi, Japan) in percutaneous coronary intervention of chronic total occlusion in hard or balloon-uncrossable chronic total occlusion. METHODS: The present study is a retrospective and descriptive analysis of 14 hard or balloon-uncrossable chronic total occlusions treated percutaneously in our catheterization laboratory (cath lab)...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149317/prevalence-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Babak Baharvand-Ahmadi, Khalil Sharifi, Mehrdad Namdari
BACKGROUND: Several common metabolic risk factors contribute to development of both non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim was to determine prevalence of NAFLD in patients with CAD. METHODS: This prospective study was carried out from December 2011 to June 2012. All patients with documented diagnosis of CAD with stenosis of one of the main coronary arteries or their branches were included in the study. Ultrasound examination of liver was performed in all patients to diagnose hepatic steatosis...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149316/effect-of-intravenous-midazolam-on-cardiac-parameters-in-acute-tricyclic-antidepressants-poisoning
#19
Nastaran Eizadi-Mood, Elham Aboofazeli, Valiollah Hajhashemi, Farzad Gheshlaghi, Shirinsadat Badri, Ali Mohammad Sabzghabaee
BACKGROUND: Midazolam is commonly and safely used in poisoning management and intensive care for the control of agitated poisoned patients. Despite the introduction of newer and safer antidepressants, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are still prescribed and used in many countries due to their cost-effectiveness. Severe morbidity and mortality associated with these drugs arises largely from their well-documented cardiovascular toxicity. In this study we aimed to investigate the probable effect of midazolam on some hemodynamic indices in TCAs-poisoned patients...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149315/multiple-right-coronary-artery-fistulas-to-coronary-sinus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Mohsen Mirmohammadsadeghi, Fereshteh Salimi-Jazi, Majid Rabbani
BACKGROUND: Coronary arteriovenous fistula is a rare congenital or acquired abnormal connection between a coronary artery and any of the great vessels or any of the heart chambers. Most of them are diagnosed during routine coronary angiography. CASE REPORT: This case report illustrates a successful surgical ligating of multiple right coronary artery and circumflex artery fistulas to coronary sinus. CONCLUSION: According to our experience and literature review, it can be concluded that to prevent potential complications in various cases of coronary arteriovenous fistula, early surgical management, just after their condition has been diagnosed, is the best choice...
July 2016: ARYA Atherosclerosis
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