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Mitochondrial DNA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26731662/the-first-taxonomic-revaluation-of-the-iranian-water-frogs-of-the-genus-pelophylax-anura-ranidae-using-sequences-of-the-mitochondrial-genome
#1
Alireza Pesarakloo, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Nasrollah Rastegar-Pouyani, Hajigholi Kami, Masoumeh Najibzadeh, Azar Khosravani, Hamzeh Oraie
The Eurasian water frog species and their geographic ranges have undergone considerable changes in the last four decades, but the Iranian populations have largely remained unknown. All the Iranian populations of water frogs, despite their vast distribution range have attributed to a single species: Rana ridibunda. In order to understand the phylogenetic relationships and taxonomic status of water frogs of Iran, we collected samples from many populations across the country and used the mitochondrial DNA sequence variation...
January 5, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26731535/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-the-gyrfalcon-falco-rusticolus-aves-falconiformes-falconidae
#2
Máney Sveinsdóttir, Lára Guðmundsdóttir, Kristinn P Magnússon
The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus), the largest of the true falcons, was characterized using next generation sequencing. The mitogenome was 18 218 bp long, and comprised of 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 tRNA, 2 rRNA and two non-coding regions; a control region (D-loop) harboring two tandem repeats 80 bp and 56 bp long and a pseudo-control region (ΨD-loop) with a tandem repeat 27 bp long. All genes were encoded on the + strand except ND6 and 8 tRNA genes...
January 5, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26731418/the-complete-chloroplast-genome-of-gnetum-montanum-and-sequence-analysis
#3
Jipeng Mao, Feng Zhou, Tianyi Liu, Zhengyu Wu, Ting Zhong, Chunxin Liu, Qiang Wei, Jiehu Chen, Shaowei Huang
The complete chloroplast sequence of Gnetum montanum (GenBank accession number: NC_021438.1) was determined and characterized in this study. The size of the chloroplast genome of Gnetum montanum is 115 019 bp. Including a large single copy (LSC) region of 66 697 bp and a small single copy (SSC) region of 9494 bp separated by a pair of identical inverted repeat regions (IRs) of 19 414 bp each. A total of 108 genes that were successfully annotated contains 65 protein-coding genes, 40 tRNA genes and 3 rRNA genes...
January 5, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26731283/the-complete-chloroplast-genome-of-kolkwitzia-amabilis-caprifoliaceae-an-endangered-horticultural-plant-in-china
#4
Guo-Qing Bai, Tao Zhou, Ji-Xiang Zhao, Wei-Min Li, Gui-Jun Han, Si-Feng Li
The complete chloroplast genome of Kolkwitzia amabilis (Caprifoliaceae) is first presented in the current study. The cp genome of K. amabilis was 156 875 bp in length and composed of two short inverted repeat (IRa and IRb) regions of 23 946 bp which were separated by a small single copy (SSC) region of 18 846 bp and a large single copy (LSC) region of 90 137 bp. The genome encoded 130 genes contained 81 coding genes, 39 tRNA genes, and 8 rRNA genes. The overall AT content of K. amabilis is 61.6% and the corresponding values of the SSC, LSC and IR regions are 66...
January 5, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26730765/determining-geographical-variations-in-ascaris-suum-isolated-from-different-regions-in-northwest-china-through-sequences-of-three-mitochondrial-genes
#5
Yong Zou, Fei Wu, Ya-Xu Guo, Hui-Bao Wang, Yan-Qin Fang, Ming Kang, Qing Lin
The sequence diversities in three mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) regions, namely portions of NADH dehydrogenase subunit 1 (pnad1), cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (pcox1), and NADH dehydrogenase subunit 4 (pnad4), were investigated in all Ascaris suum samples isolated from four regions in northwestern China. Those genes were amplified by PCR method and the lengths of pnad1, pcox1, and pnad4 were 419 bp, 711 bp, and 723 bp, respectively. The intraspecific sequence variations within A. suum samples were 0-2.9% for pnad1, 0-2...
January 5, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26730645/the-complete-chloroplast-genome-sequence-of-cunninghamia-lanceolata
#6
Wenjuan Zhu, Taiyi Liu, Chunxin Liu, Feng Zhou, Xu En Lai, Dehuo Hu, Jiehu Chen, Shaowei Huang
We determined the complete chloroplast genome sequence of Cunninghamia lanceolata (GenBank accession: NC_021437.1) in this study. The total length of the chloroplast genome is 135 334 bp. The GC content is 35%. A total of 119 genes are successfully annotated, including 35 tRNA (20 tRNA species), 3 rRNA (3 rRNA species) and 81 protein-coding genes (81 PCG species). Twelve protein-coding genes (rps16, ycf3, rpoC1, atpF, rps12, ndhB, rpl2, rpl16, petD, petB, ndhA, rps15) contain one or two introns. A maximum likelihood phylogenetic analysis showed that this newly characterized Cunninghamia lanceolata chloroplast genome will provide essential data for further study on phylogenetic resolution, biodiversity for the genus Cunninghamia and Taxodiacea...
January 5, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26730482/the-phylogenetic-placement-of-odontobutis-obscura-base-on-complete-mitochondrial-dna-sequence
#7
Yandong Niu, Xiquan Li, Canming Zhang, Ying Wei
In our research, 16 sets of primers were used to amplify contiguous, overlapping segments of the complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of Odontobutis obscura. The aim of our research was to provide some important genetic background information for conservational practice of these valuable fish species. The total length of the mitochondrial genome is 16 864 bp and deposited in the GenBank with accession numbers KT438552. The gene arrangement and transcriptional direction were similar to other bony fishes which contained 37 genes (13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA, and 22 transfer RNAs) and a major non-coding control region...
January 5, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714246/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-the-far-eastern-myotis-myotis-bombinus-chiroptera-vespertilionidae
#8
Yoo-Kyung Kim, Su-Gon Park, Tae-Wook Kim, Jun-Ho Park, Pradeep Adhikari, Garam Kim, Seon-Mi Park, Jun-Won Lee, Dae-Ju Oh, Sang-Hyun Han, Hong-Shik Oh
The complete mitochondrial genome of the Far Eastern Myotis, Myotis bombinus (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) is determined in this study. It is 17 128 base pairs in length with 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNAs, 22 transfer RNAs, and a non-coding control region. Its gene order is identical to that of other typical vertebrates. There are two tandem repeat sequences in the non-coding control region. Each repeat sequences contains 5 copies of 81 nucleotides and 42 copies of 6 nucleotides. Phylogenetic tree of mt 13 protein-coding gene sequences of 18 species in the family Vespertilionidae shows two distinct clades...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714243/investigation-of-control-region-sequences-of-mtdna-in-a-chinese-maonan-population
#9
Jing-Hua Meng, Jun Yao, Jia-Xin Xing, Jin-Feng Xuan, Bao-Jie Wang, Mei Ding
DNA sequences in the control region of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) were investigated in 206 unrelated individuals living in Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County in the People's Republic of China. DNA was extracted from blood-stained filter papers. Hypervariable regions, including HVI and HVII, were amplified and sequenced and sequences aligned and compared with the revised Cambridge sequence (rCRS). One hundred and seventy-two polymorphic sites were identified that defined 170 haplotypes. Of these, 143 were unique and 27 were shared by more than one individual...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714231/mitochondrial-genome-of-pachytriton-feii-urodela-salamandridae
#10
Ke Fang, Chenling Zhang, Weibo Guo, Lifu Qian, Jun Wu, Baowei Zhang
In this paper, the complete mitochondrial genome of Pachytriton feii is sequenced and reported for the first time. In our result, the complete mitochondrial genome of P. feii is 16 293 bp in length. Similar to the typical mtDNA of vertebrates, it contained 37 genes (13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, and 22 tRNA genes) and 1 non-coding region (D-loop). All the genes in P. feii were distributed on the H-strand, except for the ND6 subunit gene and eight tRNA genes which were encoded on the L-strand. The phylogenetic tree was reconstructed using the Bayesian analysis method and contained two major clades...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714218/the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-the-placidochromis-longimanus
#11
Ye Xiong, Yuxia Qin, Liyun Liu, Jing Liu, Jie Jiang, Pei Liu, Lian-Qin Zhang, Dashi Qi, Zongyun Li
The Placidochromis longimanus (P. longimanus), one species of Cichlidae, resides in the Lake Malawi in East Africa. In present study, for the first time, we reported the complete mitochondrial genome of P. longimanus, which has 16 581 bp in length, including 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA, 22 transfer RNA genes, and 1 control zone. Moreover, its GC content is 45.99% (27.44% A, 26.58% T, 30.11% C, and 15.87% G), similar to that of Astatotilapia calliptera (the GC content of 45.90%). We further made the phylogenetic tree on the complete mitochondrial genomes of the above two species and other 11 closely related species to show their phylogenic relationship...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714217/the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-sequence-of-buteo-hemilasius-falconiformes-accipitridae
#12
Guolei Sun, Xiufeng Yang, Yongqiang Lu, Xiaodong Gao, Chao Zhao, Huashan Dou, Honghai Zhang
In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of the Upland Buzzard (Buteo hemilasius) was sequenced and reported for the first time using the muscle tissue. The mitochondrial genome is a circular molecule of 18 079 bp in length, consisting of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes, 1 control region, and 1 extra pseudo-control region. A phylogenetic analysis on the basis of 12 protein-coding genes (except ND6 gene) of 14 Falconiformes species' mitochondrial genomes using maximum-likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) demonstrated that all species cluster into two clades and B...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714215/two-complete-chloroplast-genomes-of-white-campion-silene-latifolia-from-male-and-female-individuals
#13
Zhiqiang Wu, Luke R Tembrock
In this study, we assembled two individuals' complete chloroplast genomes with one male and one female from the dioecious plant species white campion (Silene latifolia). The two chloroplast genomes have an identical composition with each other as a circular molecule of 150 931 bp in length, with an overall GC content of 36.4%. The genomes consist of a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 25 503 bp, separated by a large single-copy (LSC) region and a small single-copy (SSC) region of 82 708 and 17 217 bp, respectively...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714142/multiple-maternal-origins-of-indonesian-crowing-chickens-revealed-by-mitochondrial-dna-analysis
#14
Maria Ulfah, Dyah Perwitasari, Jakaria Jakaria, Muhammad Muladno, Achmad Farajallah
The utilization of Indonesian crowing chickens is increasing; as such, assessing their genetic structures is important to support the conservation of their genetic resources. This study analyzes the matrilineal evolution of Indonesian crowing chickens based on the mtDNA displacement loop D-loop region to clarify their phylogenetic relationships, possible maternal origin, and possible routes of chicken dispersal. The neighbor-joining tree reveals that the majority of Indonesian crowing chickens belong to haplogroups B, D, and E, but haplogroup D harbored most of them...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714125/identification-of-notoginseng-powder-based-on-similarity-to-dna-barcoding-core-genotype
#15
Xiaona Song, Yanpeng Li, Guojie Xu, Chunsheng Liu, Yong Liu, Xiaoqin Zhang, Ying Liu, Siqi Liu, Xuan Gu
Notoginseng powder is a medicine form of Notoginseng radix et rhizoma in Chinese Pharmacopeia. Common adulterants of Notoginseng powder appeared in the market include powder of Panax ginseng and Panax quinquefolius. Here, "DNA Barcoding Core-Genotype (DBCG)" based on ITS sequences was developed for authenticating Notoginseng powder. DBCG was the genotype with the highest frequency of DNA barcoding in species. The DBCG was found as the reference sequence and minimal-similarity to identify species was calculated by large sample analysis...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714099/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-tlacuatzin-canescens-grayish-mouse-opossum
#16
Xin Pang
In this study, we report the complete mitochondrial genome of the Grayish Mouse Opossumm, Tlacuatzin canescens. The mitochondrial genome is 16 460 bp in length and has a base composition of A (35.7%), T (31.3%), C (21.3%), and G (11.7%), demonstrating an obvious bias of high AT content (67%). The mitochondrial genome contains a typically conserved structure, encoding 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 20 transfer RNA genes (tRNA), 2 ribosomal RNA genes (12S rRNA and 16S rRNA), and a control region (D-loop region)...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714066/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-blue-and-yellow-macaw-ara-ararauna-the-species-morphologically-similar-to-blue-throated-macaw-ara-glaucogularis
#17
Adam Dawid Urantowka, Paweł Mackiewicz, Tomasz Strzała
Six genera of the Arini tribe form morphologically diverse group termed as Macaws. The presence of bare facial area distinguishes them from other members of the tribe. Genera and species of Macaw group differ in pattern of this bare skin as well as in body size. The genus Ara contains eight extant species. Two of them are classified as medium-sized Macaws and other six species are classified as large Macaws. Based on morphological similarities and differences, large Macaw species can be segregated into three pairs according to their plumage coloration...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714065/the-complete-mitochondrial-genome-sequence-of-drepanidotaenia-lanceolata-cyclophyllidea-hymenolepididae
#18
Jun-Feng Gao, Mei-Ru Hou, Yu-Chao Cui, Li-Kun Wang, Chun-Ren Wang
The complete mitochondrial genome of Drepanidotaenia lanceolata was sequenced. The complete mtDNA sequence is 13 573 bp long and contains 12 protein-coding genes (cox1-3, nad1-6, nad4L, atp6, and cytb), two ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes, 22 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes, and 2 non-coding regions (NCR). Phylogenetic analysis using three methods (Bayesian inference, maximum parsimony, and maximum likelihood) demonstrates with high statistical support that D. lanceolata is closely related to the genus Hymenolepis...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714063/phylogenetic-relationship-of-asian-badger-meles-leucurus-amurensis-revealed-by-complete-mitochondrial-genome
#19
Weiwei Zhou, Lan Yu, Buyuan Tan, Yutang Liu, Lina Zhang, Yan Hua
The Asian badger (Meles leucurus amurensis) is widely distributed throughout the northeast of China, and plays an important role in regulating the prey population stability of forest eco-system as mesopredators. We first determined and annotated the whole mtDNA genome of the Asian badger Meles leucurus amurensis to better understand the evolutionary relationship of this subspecies. The complete mitogenome is 16 497 bp in length, includes 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes and 1 control region...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714004/complete-mitochondrial-genome-reveals-the-phylogenetic-relationship-of-sable-martes-zibellina-linkouensis
#20
Yan Hua, Yanchun Xu, Wei Zhang, Bo Li
Over-hunting of the sable (Martes zibellina) in China since the 1950s has resulted in a dramatic decline of sable population size; and owing to effective conservation measures in recent years, sable populations in some areas are going through a rapid recovery. We first determined and annotated the whole mtDNA genome of the Lesser Khingan Mountains sable M. zibellina linkouensis to better understand the evolutionary relationship of this subspecies. The complete mitogenome is 16 460 bp in length, including 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes, and 1 control region...
December 29, 2015: Mitochondrial DNA
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