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Pediatrics and Neonatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645688/pubertal-timing-smoking-and-sexual-activity
#1
EDITORIAL
Fu-Sung Lo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642139/clinical-characteristics-and-epidemiology-of-sepsis-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-the-era-of-multi-drug-resistant-organisms-a-retrospective-review
#2
Dawood Yusef, Tala Shalakhti, Samah Awad, Hana'a Algharaibeh, Wasim Khasawneh
BACKGROUND: Sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) remains one of the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality, especially for preterm newborns. Multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs) are emerging as important pathogens that cause neonatal sepsis in NICU. Therefore, studying the epidemiology, clinical features, and outcome caused by MDROs vs. non-MDROs, and identifying risk factors that may predispose patients to sepsis by MDROs are important. METHODS: Episodes of blood culture-proven sepsis (age: 0-90 days) in the NICU at our institution from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579038/successful-resolution-of-epstein-barr-virus-associated-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-during-the-treatment-course-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#3
Mari Harada, Yuko Honda, Takayuki Hoshina, Shouichi Ohga, Koichi Ohshima, Koichi Kusuhara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566195/parenting-stress-in-parents-of-children-with-refractory-epilepsy-before-and-after-vagus-nerve-stimulation-implantation
#4
Sung-Tse Li, Nan-Chang Chiu, Yung-Ting Kuo, Ein-Yiao Shen, Pei-Chieh Tsai, Che-Sheng Ho, Wen-Hsiang Wu, Juei-Chao Chen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate parenting stress in parents of children with refractory epilepsy before and after their children received vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) implantation. METHODS: Parents of children with refractory epilepsy completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI) under a psychologist's assessment before and at least 12 months after their children received VNS implantation. The PSI questionnaire measures parenting stress in two domains; a parent domain with seven subscales, and a child domain with six...
May 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587747/flexible-endoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophageal-stenosis-in-children-with-noninvasive-ventilation-support
#5
Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Wen-Jue Soong, Mei-Jy Jeng, Yu-Sheng Lee, Pei-Chen Tsao, Ya-Ling Chou
BACKGROUND: Esophageal stenosis (ES) is characterized by dysphagia, failure to thrive, and long-term disability. It requires repeated management because it is refractory. Traditionally, these procedures are performed under general anesthesia with airway intubation. PURPOSE: This study investigated the safety and efficacy of the management of interventional flexible endoscopy (IFE) performed with a novel noninvasive ventilation (NIV) support. METHODS: Use of a short-length flexible endoscope with NIV of pharyngeal oxygen, nose closure, and abdominal compression during IFE was investigated...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576411/postnatal-hyperoxia-or-dehp-exposure-leads-to-growth-restriction-and-delayed-lung-development-in-newborn-rats
#6
Zhong-Jie Liang, Qiu-Ping Wu, Bei-Tao Chen, Zhen-Lang Lin, Jing Lin, Shang-Qin Chen
BACKGROUND: Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is commonly used as a plasticizer in many medical devices. We previously showed that maternal DEHP exposure led to restricted growth and delayed lung maturation in newborn rats. As oxygen toxicity continues to be a major risk factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of hyperoxia, DEHP or DEHP combined with hyperoxia on the growth and lung maturation of newborn rats. METHODS: Newborn rats received DEHP injection, hyperoxia exposure or DEHP injection combined with hyperoxia exposure for one week or two weeks...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571908/the-sflt-1-plgf-ratio-as-a-predictor-for-poor-pregnancy-and-neonatal-outcomes
#7
Yu-Shan Chang, Chi-Nien Chen, Suh-Fang Jeng, Yi-Ning Su, Chien-Yi Chen, Hung-Chieh Chou, Po-Nien Tsao, Wu-Shiun Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase receptor-1 (sFlt-1)/placental growth factor (PlGF) ratio has been studied extensively as a predictive marker for pre-eclampsia. However, its usefulness for predicting neonatal outcomes remains unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the association of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio with pregnancy outcomes, neonatal morbidities and short-term postnatal growth patterns in pregnant women and their babies. METHODS: sFlt-1 and PlGF were measured in women with fetal intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) or pre-eclampsia during gestational age (GA) of 16-36 weeks...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550982/early-provision-of-oropharyngeal-colostrum-leads-to-sustained-breast-milk-feedings-in-preterm-infants
#8
Ruth Snyder, Aimee Herdt, Nancy Mejias-Cepeda, John Ladino, Kathryn Crowley, Philip Levy
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal colostrum (OC) application strategies have been shown to be feasible and safe for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Evidence to support the nutritional and clinical advantages of OC care remains somewhat theoretical. The objectives of this study were to a) confirm the feasibility and safety of OC application in preterm infants and b) determine if OC application is associated with improved nutritional and clinical outcomes from birth to discharge. We hypothesized that OC application in the first few days would promote sustained breast milk feedings through discharge...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549951/disappearance-of-globus-pallidum-lesions-in-t1-weighted-magnetic-resonance-images-after-ligation-of-congenital-portosystemic-venous-shunt
#9
Ryuichi Takemoto, Kenichiro Yamamura, Hazumu Nagata, Naoki Kawaguchi, Yasunari Sakai, Toshiharu Matsuura, Tomoaki Taguchi, Shouichi Ohga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545812/liver-exstrophy-in-a-neonate-with-poland-syndrome
#10
Xenophon Sinopidis, Antonios Panagidis, Vasileios Alexopoulos, Sotirios Tzifas, Gabriel Dimitriou, George Georgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545811/a-customized-ino-therapy-device-for-use-in-neonatal-emergency-transport
#11
Carlo Bellini, Luca A Ramenghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539199/respiratory-severity-score-and-extubation-readiness-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
Maroun J Mhanna, Narayan P Iyer, Scott Piraino, Mohit Jain
BACKGROUND: The respiratory severity score (RSS) is a byproduct of mean airway pressure (MAP) and fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2). We sought to determine whether RSS could be used as a screening tool to predict extubation readiness in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, medical records of all VLBW infants admitted to our unit (6/1/09-2/28/12) were reviewed for infants' demographics, prenatal characteristics, and medication use...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533115/acute-respiratory-distress-revealing-massive-pulmonary-embolism-in-a-neonate
#13
Virginie Leriche, Angelina Dubois, Guy Vaksmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552247/a-case-of-congenital-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-with-disseminated-skin-and-pulmonary-involvement-masquerading-as-multiple-infantile-hemangiomas
#14
Mindy Ming-Huey Guo, Chih-Cheng Chen, Feng-Shun Chen, Hsin-Chun Huang, Mei-Yung Chung, I-Lun Chen, Shang-Hung Lin, Mei-Chen Ou-Yang, Chih-Cheng Hsiao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528756/necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-low-birth-weight-infants-in-china-mortality-risk-factors-expressed-by-birth-weight-categories
#15
Tian Qian, Rong Zhang, Li Zhu, Peng Shi, Jie Yang, Chang-Yi Yang, Dong-Mei Chen, Jing-Yun Shi, Xiao-Guang Zhou, Yin-Ping Qiu, Yong Yang, Ling He, Shao-Ru He, Yun-Tao Cao, Qiu-Fen Wei, Manoj Kumar, Chao Chen
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively investigated incidence, morbidity, and mortality of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis in China, with special emphasis on determining the predictors of necrotizing enterocolitis associated mortality. METHODS: We identified neonates as having necrotizing enterocolitis if they met the accepted diagnostic criterion. Data pertaining to antenatal period, labor and birth, and the postnatal course of illness were collected. Multivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors...
April 12, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511794/application-of-end-tidal-carbon-dioxide-monitoring-via-distal-gas-samples-in-ventilated-neonates
#16
Ziying Jin, Maoying Yang, Ru Lin, Wenfang Huang, Jiangmei Wang, Zhiyong Hu, Qiang Shu
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested correlations between the end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PETCO2) and the partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) in mechanically ventilated patients, but both the relationship between PETCO2 and PaCO2 and whether PETCO2 accurately reflects PaCO2 in neonates and infants are still controversial. This study evaluated remote sampling of PETCO2 via an epidural catheter within an endotracheal tube to determine the procedure's clinical safety and efficacy in the perioperative management of neonates...
April 12, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462900/hyperdehydroepiandrosterone-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-and-circulatory-collapse
#17
Abdelmoneim Khashana, Engy Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Circulatory collapse is a very common complication of the critical illnesses in neonates including neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy; it can be the end result and cause of death of several conditions. Often, despite treatment with fluid resuscitation and vasopressor agents, circulatory collapse persist, and blood pressure can remain critically low, compromising adequate blood flow to vital organs and brain. Low blood pressure has been associated with increased mortality...
April 12, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457611/pros-and-cons-of-red-blood-cell-transfusion-in%C3%A2-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#18
EDITORIAL
San-Nan Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302469/umbilical-psoriasis-versus-tinea-corporis-in-infants-a-simple-clinical-diagnosis-image-view
#19
Anca Chiriac, Liliana Foia, Marius Florin Coros, Cristian Podoleanu, Simona Stolnicu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087259/clinical-manifestations-outcomes-and-etiologies-of-perinatal-stroke-in-taiwan-comparisons-between-ischemic-and-hemorrhagic-stroke-based-on-10-year-experience-in-a-single-institute
#20
Chien-Chung Lee, Jainn-Jim Lin, Kuang-Lin Lin, Wai-Ho Lim, Kai-Hsiang Hsu, Jen-Fu Hsu, Ren-Huei Fu, Ming-Chou Chiang, Shih-Ming Chu, Reyin Lien
BACKGROUND: Perinatal stroke is a common cause of established neurological sequelae. Although several risk factors have been identified, many questions regarding causes and clinical outcomes remain unanswered. This study investigated the clinical manifestations and outcomes of perinatal stroke and identified its etiologies in Taiwan. METHODS: We searched the reports of head magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography performed between January 2003 and December 2012...
June 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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