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Pediatrics and Neonatology

Siamak Sabour, Hadis Batari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Defne Engur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Yu-Ching Wang, Miguel Moya Guerola, Yi-Ching Lin, Yi-Ping Hsieh, Carol Strong, Meng-Che Tsai, Chung-Ying Lin
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can leave negative impacts on one's health behaviors or social functioning later in life. Resilient characteristics have been shown to mitigate effects against risk behaviors in developing adolescents. However, clinical and research attention has rarely been given to jointly consider the effects of ACEs and resilient characteristics on health behaviors in Taiwanese youth. METHOD: A total of 200 individuals aged 15-22 years were recruited from primary care settings, communities, and schools...
August 24, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chih-Kuang Chuang, Yu-Yuan Ke, Chia-Chi Hsu, Pao Chin Chiu, Dau-Ming Niu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Ju-Li Lin, Shuan-Pei Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Ahmad Abdul Aziz, Amelie Stritzke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Sara Dokuhaki, Maryam Heidary, Marzieh Akbarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Maternal attachment to the fetus during pregnancy improves infant's growth and development and is an important criterion for public health. The aim is to investigate the effect of training attachment behaviors to pregnant women on some growth health indicators of infants. METHODS: This is a clinical trial with convenience sampling which was conducted on 190 pregnant women in Hafez Hospital in Shiraz who randomly classified into intervention and control groups...
August 17, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hsiao-Lan Sharon Wang, Natalie Yu-Hsien Wang, Fang-Cheng Yeh
BACKGROUND: Lexical tone identification has a unique role in the perceptual processes of Chinese readers. Reduced lexical tone awareness, along with poor word-decoding abilities, is frequently observed in Chinese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia. However, whether this deficit is linked to reduced auditory processing and interrupted structural connectivity in the brain requires further investigation. This study therefore explores the white matter pathways associated with Chinese character recognition and auditory processing of pitch variations, with the objective of to identify the most representative neural correlates for Chinese developmental dyslexia...
August 10, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
I-Lun Chen, Mei-Chen Ou-Yang, Feng-Shun Chen, Mei-Yung Chung, Chih-Cheng Chen, Yu-Chen Liu, Kuan-Hung Lin, Hsin-Chun Huang
BACKGROUND: In neonatal intensive care units, a percutaneous central venous catheter (PCVC) is inserted peripherally and threaded into a central venous location, when intravenous access is anticipated for an extended period of time. The tip location of PCVCs should be checked by an X-ray after the procedure. The present study aimed to determine an equation to estimate the optimal insertion length of PCVCs in neonates prior to the procedure. METHODS: The data of all neonates who had PCVC insertion between May 1st 2015 and April 30th 2016 was reviewed...
August 3, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hacer Yapicioglu Yildizdas, Burak Poyraz, Guluzar Atli, Yasar Sertdemir, Kurthan Mert, Ferda Ozlu, Mehmet Satar
BACKGROUND: Olive oil-soybean oil (OO/SO) based lipid emulsions (LE) lack ω-3 PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid -EPA and docosahexaenoic acid- DHA, which have clinical benefits on inflammatory processes. Fish oil based LEs are good sources of DHA and EPA. Fish oil, MCT, Olive oil and Soya oil (FMOS) lipid is one of the fish oil containing LEs supplemented with high levels of α-tocopherol and lower levels of phytosterol compared to OO/SO lipid emulsions. We investigated the effects of OO/SO and FMOS lipid preparations on cholestasis, levels of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation...
August 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Anca Chiriac, Cristian Podoleanu, Adrian Naznean, Simona Stolnicu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Tung-Hua Chen, Yung-Chieh Lin, Yuh-Jyh Lin, Chyi-Her Lin
BACKGROUND: Hour-specific bilirubin nomogram has been recommended to predict postdischarge hyperbilirubinemia in newborns. However, it may not be applicable in Taiwan due to ethnic differences. The aim of this study was to construct a 12-h specific transcutaneous bilirubin (TCB) nomogram in newborns for clinical reference. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled full term or late preterm neonates born in a tertiary care hospital between October 2013 and July 2014. The exclusion criteria included chromosome anomaly, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, and receiving phototherapy within 60 h after birth...
August 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Jen-Fu Hsu, Chyi-Liang Chen, Chien-Chung Lee, Reyin Lien, Shih-Ming Chu, Ren-Huei Fu, Ming-Chou Chiang, Chang-Yo Yang, Mei-Yin Lai, I-Hsyuan Wu, Yu-Shan Yen, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
BACKGROUND: Group B streptococcus (GBS) infections can be life-threatening in newborns. This study aimed to analyze GBS carriage status and genotypic diversity in healthy neonates after implementation of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) in Taiwan. METHODS: Newborns carrying GBS were identified from a screen of 500 newborns and followed up until their cultures turned negative. Their mothers' GBS screening data were reviewed. Molecular methods, including capsular serotyping, multilocus sequence typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), were used to analyze GBS isolates...
August 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Paul Chia-Yu Chang, Yu-Wei Fu, Yao-Jen Hsu, Hsuan Huang, Chin-Hung Wei
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the outcome of transumbilical minilaparotomy for infants and compare the results between normal birthweight (NBW) and low birthweight (LBW). METHODS: Between July 2010 and March 2017, infants who underwent abdominal surgery through transumbilical minilaparotomy were enrolled. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups, NBW and LBW. Complexity was defined as complicated conditions other than intestinal atresia and malrotation...
August 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Lawrence Huang, Jen-Shiu Chiang Chiau, Mei-Lien Cheng, Wai-Tao Chan, Chuen-Bin Jiang, Szu-Wen Chang, Chun-Yan Yeung, Hung-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: For chemotherapy patients, intestinal mucositis is a frequent complication. Previously, we evaluated the beneficial effect of oral probiotics in 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) induced mucositis in BALB/c mice. Here, we used SCID/NOD mice instead to simulate the immunodeficiency of chemotherapy patients: first, to evaluate the safety of probiotic supplementation and second, to determine the probiotic effect in response to 5-FU intestinal mucositis. METHODS: Thirty-six SCID/NOD mice were injected with saline (three control groups) or 5-FU (three experimental groups) intraperitoneally daily for five days...
July 26, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Eric Carle Lussier, Yi-Ting Sun, Hui-Wen Chen, Tung-Yao Chang, Chia-Hsieh Chang
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a preventable and treatable disorder in children. Hip ultrasound is recommended for early detection of affected hips. The timing of the initial hip ultrasound and the frequency of subsequent ultrasounds are controversial topics when considering costs and efficiency. METHODS: Registry data from the Taiwanese Screening and Audit System for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip were obtained for biometry of hip ultrasounds using the Graf classification and relevant demographic data from 2016...
July 26, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
May Ahmed Khairy, Walaa Alsharany Abuelhamd, Ismail Mohamed Elhawary, Ahmed Said Mahmoud Nabayel
BACKGROUND: Reliable predictive markers enabling physicians to identify which newborns will develop significant hyperbilirubinemia have become mandatory for prevention of severe hyperbilirunemia. We aimed at determining the critical cord serum bilirubin and albumin levels and bilirubin/albumin ratio early as reliable markers. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective study included 175 full-term neonates. Measurement of cord bilirubin, albumin and bilirubin/albumin ratio was done to predict significant hyperbilirubinemia in healthy term newborns based on serum bilirubin measurements made within 5 days of life...
July 26, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Maissa Rayyan, Malaika Embrechts, Hans Van Veer, Raf Aerts, Ilse Hoffman, Marijke Proesmans, Karel Allegaert, Gunnar Naulaers, Nathalie Rommel
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia is a major congenital foregut anomaly. Affected patients often suffer from respiratory and gastro-intestinal morbidity. The objective of this study is to identify possible neonatal predictive factors contributing to a long-term complicated clinical course in patients after repair of esophageal atresia. METHODS: A total of 93 patients born between 1993 and 2013, with esophageal atresia and surviving the neonatal period were included in this retrospective study...
July 21, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Mariko Ashina, Kazumichi Fujioka, Satsuki Totsu, Hiromichi Shoji, Tokuo Miyazawa, Kazuko Wada, Kazumoto Iijima, Ichiro Morioka
BACKGROUND: Enteral feeding is critical for postnatal growth of very low birthweight infants (VLBWI); however, a standard feeding strategy has not been established in Japan. A 2- or 3-h feeding interval is generally used, but no clear evidence supports either approach. Additionally, there is no nationwide breast milk bank in Japan and no consensus exists on the use of donor breast milk (DBM). To clarify the current feeding strategies for VLBWI in Japan, we undertook a nationwide survey...
July 21, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hsin-Ju Hsiao, Shih-Hsiang Chen, Tang-Her Jaing, Chao-Ping Yang, Tsung-Yen Chang, Ming-Ying Li, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Jing-Long Huang
BACKGROUND: Children with cancer undergo many invasive medical procedures that are often painful and highly distressing, including bone marrow aspiration (BMA) and lumbar puncture (LP). Psychosocial interventions have been demonstrated to reduce children's distress resulting from invasive medical procedures. The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of psychosocial interventions to reduce distress in children with cancer undergoing BMA and LP in a pediatric cancer center in Taiwan...
July 21, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Xiaoyan Gao, Fei Ma, Hu Hao, Yiheng Dai, Weidong Liu, Xin Xiao, Pingmin Gao, Sitao Li
BACKGROUND: To examine whether polymorphisms in the VEGFA gene lead to low VEGFA production in peripheral blood and increased risk of NEC in the Chinese Han population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty NEC patients and 80 control subjects were enrolled. Six VEGFA single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were performed using the SEQUENOM MassARRAY platform assay. The concentration of VEGFA in the plasma was measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The rs699947 and rs833061 VEGF-A SNPs were found to be associated with low plasma levels and high risk of NEC...
July 19, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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