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Pediatrics and Neonatology

Pei-Lan Shao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Mi Hye Bae, Hyun Ji Jang, Na Rae Lee, Young Mi Han, Shin Yun Byun, Kyung Hee Park
PURPOSE: Periventricular echogenicity (PVE) presents as diffuse echo dense lesions of the periventricular white matter on cranial ultrasonography. Beyond two weeks of life, it is considered as prolonged or persistent PVE. The aim of our study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of preterm infants with persistent PVE beyond 2 weeks after birth and to determine whether these infants had an adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: The medical records of preterm infants who were born at < 34 weeks of gestation and admitted to Pusan National University Hospital between 2009 and 2014 were reviewed...
February 13, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Szu-Ta Chen, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Chuan-Chun Li, Shing-Hwa Liu
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with iron deficiency (ID) in children. Inflammatory cytokine reactions could influence the consequences of H. pylori infection. Hepcidin is an important regulator in iron homeostasis and could be induced by chronic inflammation. The relationship between hepcidin and cytokine levels in children infected with H. pylori remains controversial. METHODS: Based on serology testing for anti-H. pylori IgG, participants (43 seropositive and 43 seronegative) aged 10-18 years were enrolled...
February 9, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Luminiţa Păduraru, Daniela Cristina Dimitriu, Andreea Luciana Avasiloaiei, Mihaela Moscalu, Gabriela Ildiko Zonda, Maria Stamatin
BACKGROUND: Antioxidant defense of the body is assured by both endogenous and exogenous factors comprising several enzymes, vitamins, protein components and derivates and oligoelements. Breast milk has been proven to have important and essential antioxidant composition to prevent and protect against diseases in infancy. The objective of this study was to determine the total antioxidant status (TAS) of human milk and to evaluate the differences between premature milk and term milk at different moments of lactation (colostrum, transitional milk and mature milk)...
February 8, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Kuo-Liang Chiang, Sung-Hsi Wei, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Yu-Kung Chou, Jyh-Yuan Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Sara Ferreira, Raquel Costa, Duarte Malveiro, Filipa Vieira, Madalena Tuna
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Yuka Matsunaga, Masataka Ishimura, Hazumu Nagata, Kiyoshi Uike, Tadamune Kinjo, Masayuki Ochiai, Kenichiro Yamamura, Hidetoshi Takada, Yoshihisa Tanoue, Masaki Hayakawa, Masanori Matsumoto, Toshiro Hara, Shouichi Ohga
BACKGROUND: Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA) are microvascular occlusive disorders characterized by systemic or intrarenal platelet aggregation, thrombocytopenia, and red cell fragmentation. Post-operative TMA mostly occurs in adult patients with cardiovascular surgery, with the distinct pathophysiology from classical thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) although the exact pathophysiology remains unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: A one-month-old infant developed TMA after the initial surgery of double outlet right ventricle...
February 7, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Emilia Parodi, Anna Ferrero, Barbara Perrone, Paola Saracco, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Daniela Regoli
BACKGROUND: Preterm babies are at high risk of iron deficiency. METHODS: We investigated current practices regarding iron prophylaxis in preterm and low birth weight newborns among Local Neonatal Units (LNUs, n = 74) and Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs, n = 20) of three Italian Regions (Piemonte, Marche and Lazio). RESULTS: Birth weight is considered an indicative parameter in only 64% of LNUs and 71% of NICUs, with a significant difference between LNUs in the three regions (86%, 20% and 62%, respectively; p < 0...
February 1, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Shi-Min Yuan
Pediatric cardiomyopathies are a group of myocardial diseases with complex taxonomies. Cardiomyopathy can occur in children at any age, and it is a common cause of heart failure and heart transplantation in children. The incidence of pediatric cardiomyopathy is increasing with time. They may be associated with variable comorbidities, which are most often arrhythmia, heart failure, and sudden death. Medical imaging technologies, including echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, and nuclear cardiology, are helpful in reaching a diagnosis of cardiomyopathy...
January 31, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
So Young Kim, Byung Yoon Choi, Eun Young Jung, Hyunsoo Park, Ha-Na Yoo, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify prenatal and postnatal risk factors associated with abnormal newborn hearing screen (NHS) results and subsequently confirmed sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in preterm twin neonates. METHODS: Electronic medical records of 159 twin neonates who were born alive after ≤32 weeks were retrospectively reviewed for hearing loss in both ears. Histopathologic examination of the placenta was performed and clinical data, including method of conception and factors specific to twins, were retrieved from a computerized perinatal database...
January 31, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Vanna Graziani, Sara Dal Bo, Michela Giovannini, Federico Marchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Semra Gürsoy, Esra Ataman, Özlem Giray Bozkaya, Engin Köse, Müge Ayanoğlu, Ayşe İpek Polat, Nur Arslan, Semra Hız Kurul, Derya Erçal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Chieh-Chung Lin, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Lung-Huang Lin, Beng-Huat Lau, Hsun-Chin Chao, Hung-Chang Lee
BACKGROUND: The Identification and Management of Feeding Difficulties (IMFeD™) tool was introduced in 2011 for management of children with feeding difficulties and has been used in various countries around the world. This study aimed to assess its acceptance and effectiveness in clinical practice in Taiwan. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, multicenter study where subjects were followed over 3 months. Outpatients identified as picky eaters, having poor appetite, poor weight gain, or weight loss were enrolled...
January 13, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chih-Kuang Chuang, Shih-Chia Liu, Shuan-Pei Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Madiha Rasheed, Noreen Karim, Faiez Ahmed Shah, Muhammad Naeem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hao-Yuan Lee, Chyi-Liang Chen, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Mahboubeh Ghayour Najafabadi, Mahmood Sheikh, Rasoul Hemayattalab, Mehran Amir, Maryam Rezaii, Sina Hafizi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a selected group exercise known as Sports, Play and Active Recreation for Kids (SPARK) on the motor and behavioral skills of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using a quasi-experimental design with repeated measures. METHODS: Twenty-eight children with ASD (age range of 5e12 years) participated in this study. The participants were examined at baseline, pre-test, and post-test using Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOTMP), Autism treatment evaluation checklist (ATEC), and Gilliam Autism Rating Scale-second edition (GARS-2)...
January 6, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Shu-Jung Huang, Li-Lun Lin, Li-Chen Chen, Liang-Shiou Ou, Tsung-Chieh Yao, Kuo-Chien Tsao, Kuo-Wei Yeh, Jing-Long Huang
BACKGROUND: Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is a key feature of asthma and can be detected using various bronchoprovocation tests. In pediatric populations, the percentage of a positive methacholine challenge test (MCCTs) in children with asthma varies among studies, and some have reported seasonal variability. However, these studies have mostly been conducted in temperate regions. This study evaluated the prevalence of AHR to methacholine and its seasonal variation in asthmatic children in Taiwan, a subtropical country...
January 6, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Sima Hashemipour, Ezzatalsadat Haji Seidjavadi, Firoozeh Maleki, Neda Esmailzadehha, Farideh Movahed, Zohreh Yazdi
BACKGROUND: The role of maternal serum triglycerides (TGs) in the development of fetal macrosomia in different subgroups of body mass index (BMI) has received little attention. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the level of maternal TGs and fetal macrosomia in Iranian pregnant women of different BMI subgroups with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: This cohort study was conducted on 305 pregnant women with GDM referred for glucose control to Kowsar Hospital in Qazvin, Iran...
January 6, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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