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Pediatrics and Neonatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919592/biomarkers-of-myocardial-injury-in-congenital-heart-disease-more-questions-than-answers
#1
EDITORIAL
Chun-An Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876259/a-diagnostic-dilemma-for-the-pediatrician-radiolucent-tracheobronchial-foreign-body
#2
Hakan Taşkınlar, Gökhan Berktuğ Bahadır, Cankat Erdoğan, Doğakan Yiğit, Dinçer Avlan, Ali Naycı
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine the role of clinical history, physical examinations, and radiological findings in the evaluation of patients with suspected radiolucent foreign body aspiration. METHODS: The medical records of 236 children (under the age of 18 years), on whom a rigid bronchoscopy was performed between 1999 and 2015 because of suspected radiolucent foreign body aspiration, were analyzed retrospectively. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of clinical history, physical examinations, and radiological findings were evaluated...
October 28, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780689/bone-mineral-density-according-to-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-is-associated-with-serial-serum-alkaline-phosphatase-level-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-at-discharge
#3
Jin Lee, Hyun-Kyung Park, Ja Hye Kim, Yun Young Choi, Hyun Ju Lee
BACKGROUND: To examine bone mineral density in extremely low birth weight infants at discharge and investigate whether serial measurements of serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and phosphate can predict bone mineralization. METHODS: The individuals were 70 preterm infants. Serum calcium, phosphate, and ALP were measured at weekly intervals during admission in extremely low birth weight infants (mean gestational age, 25.3±2.1 weeks; birth weight, 812.8±141.1 g)...
September 30, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816335/developmental-changes-in-aortic-mechanical-properties-in-normal-fetuses-and-fetuses-with-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Mio Taketazu, Masaya Sugimoto, Hirofumi Saiki, Hirotaka Ishido, Satoshi Masutani, Hideaki Senzaki
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that fetal aortic mechanical properties assessed by aortic diameter (AoD) and flow show maturational changes during the gestational period, and that these properties are different in fetuses with congenital heart diseases and fetuses with normal development. METHODS: Phasic changes in ascending AoD along with Doppler flow profile were measured in 84 consecutive normal fetuses (gestational age, 18-36 weeks) and in 30 consecutive fetuses with cardiovascular diseases (gestational age, 22-39 weeks)...
September 28, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773638/diagnosis-and-risk-factors-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#5
Ankana Daga, Fredrick Dapaah-Siakwan, Sharina Rajbhandari, Cassandra Arevalo, Agnes Salvador
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill premature infants. There is a lack of consensus on the diagnostic definition of AKI in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. The primary aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors for AKI in VLBW infants using the AKI network (AKIN) and pRIFLE (pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-Stage) criteria and to evaluate whether Clinical Risk Index for Babies (CRIB II) score is a predictor of AKI. The secondary objective was to determine the extent of agreement between the AKIN and pRIFLE criteria in the diagnosis of AKI in VLBW infants...
September 28, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733312/axillary-skin-ulcers-in-infants-with-juvenile-dermatomyositis
#6
Hiroyuki Wakiguchi, Syuji Takei, Yoshifumi Kawano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793494/probiotics-prevent-candida-colonization-and-invasive-fungal-sepsis-in-preterm-neonates-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Hua-Jian Hu, Guo-Qiang Zhang, Qiao Zhang, Shristi Shakya, Zhong-Yue Li
To investigate whether probiotic supplementation could reduce the risk of fungal infection in preterm neonates in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs), we systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) focusing on the effect of probiotics on fungal infection in preterm neonates. The outcomes of interest were Candida colonization and invasive fungal sepsis. Seven trials involving 1371 preterm neonates were included...
September 14, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742225/caffeine-toxicity-in-a-preterm-neonate
#8
Sachiko Nakaoka, Yukako Kawasaki, Satomi Inomata, Masami Makimoto, Taketoshi Yoshida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641269/is-pneumococcal-serotype-replacement-impending
#9
Chun-Yi Lu, Li-Min Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26738763/epidemiologic-and-microbiologic-characteristics-of-occult-bacteremia-among-febrile-children-in-southern-israel-before-and-after-initiation-of-the-routine-antipneumococcal-immunization-2005-2012
#10
Haya Ribitzky-Eisner, Yitamar Minuhin, David Greenberg, Ninel Greenberg, Gabriel Chodick, Mihai Craiu, Eugene Leibovitz
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the incidence and dynamics of occult bacteremia (OB) among infants/young children following the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) into the national immunization program in Israel in 2009-2010. The aim of this study was to characterize the epidemiologic and microbiologic picture of OB among febrile infants/children aged 3-36 months in southern Israel, before and after PCVs introduction. METHODS: Retrospective study enrolling all infants/young children attending the emergency room of a tertiary medical center in southern Israel with fever without source, discharged, and reported with a positive blood culture...
October 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663362/imaging-findings-of-intraluminal-duodenal-duplication-cyst-in-a-pediatric-patient
#11
Mehmet S Dogan, Selim Doganay, Gonca Koc, Sureyya B Gorkem, Saliha Ciraci, Abdulhakim Coskun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 27, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639632/inguinal-hernia-in-a-preterm-neonate-complicated-by-strangulation-and-subcutaneous-hernia-sac-rupture
#12
Jessica A Naiditch, David T Schindel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622671/familial-mediterranean-fever-presenting-with-recurrent-aseptic-meningitis-a-case-report
#13
Dawood Yusef, Wasim Khasawneh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 21, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663361/5-aza-2-deoxycytidine-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-lung-fibroblasts-in-neonatal-rats-exposed-to-hyperoxia
#14
Shimeng Zhao, Meiling Cao, Hongmin Wu, Yu Hu, Xindong Xue
BACKGROUND: A persistent increase in the number of lung fibroblasts (LFs) is found in the interstitium of the lungs of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), which leads to lung fibrosis. P16 methylation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of BPD. 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR) is a major methyltransferase-specific inhibitor. This study investigated the effects of 5-aza-CdR on LFs in vitro from a hyperoxia-induced lung fibrosis model in newborn rats. METHODS: Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blotting were performed to determine P16 gene methylation status and protein expression after LFs were treated with 0 μmol/L, 0...
August 12, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596679/maternal-and-placental-factors-associated-with-congenital-hearing-loss-in-very-preterm-neonates
#15
Shin Hye Kim, Byung Yoon Choi, Jaehong Park, Eun Young Jung, Soo-Hyun Cho, Kyo Hoon Park
BACKGROUND: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a multifactorial disease that more frequently affects preterm newborns. Although a number of maternal conditions have been reported to be associated with preterm birth, little information is available concerning maternal risk factors for the development of SNHL. We aimed to identify maternal and placental risk factors associated with a "refer" result on the newborn hearing screening (NHS) test and subsequently confirmed SNHL in very preterm neonates...
August 9, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575605/kayser-fleisher-ring-and-sunflower-cataract-in-a-child-with-wilson-s-disease
#16
Chiang Ling Koay, Mimiwati Zahari, Way Seah Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575604/congenital-microvillus-inclusion-disease-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-intractable-metabolic-acidosis
#17
Nilufer Guzoglu, Didem Aliefendioglu, Fulya Gulerman, Safak Gucer, Figen Kaymaz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720691/acute-myeloid-leukemia-presenting-with-sweet-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Shu-Huey Chen, Yung-Ting Kuo, Yen-Lin Liu, Bo-Jung Chen, Yuan-Chieh Lu, James S Miser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 5, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378196/albuminuria-in-childhood-is-a-risk-factor-for-chronic-kidney-disease-and-end-stage-renal-disease
#19
EDITORIAL
Chi-Hui Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364861/risk-factors-and-management-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-children-aged-3-months-to-2-years
#20
EDITORIAL
Chi-Hui Cheng, Yhu-Chering Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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