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Pediatrics and Neonatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302470/hepatic-hemangioma-and-kasabach-merritt-phenomenon
#1
LETTER
Israel Fernandez-Pineda, Juan Carlos Lopez-Gutierrez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330630/the-prevalence-of-undernutrition-upon-hospitalization-in-children-in-a-developing-country-a-single-hospital-study-from-malaysia
#2
Way-Seah Lee, Zulfadly Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Undernourished children who require hospital care have a longer duration of hospitalization and respond poorly to modern medical therapy. The objective of the present study was to ascertain the nutritional status of children admitted to a pediatric tertiary center in Malaysia and the risk factors leading to undernutrition upon admission. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, hospital-based study, anthropometric measurements [weight, length/height, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps skinfold thickness were performed in 285 children aged from 3 months to 15 years who were admitted to University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur in November 2013...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330580/biochemical-and-clinical-profiles-of-52-tunisian-patients-affected-by-zellweger-syndrome
#3
Fahmi Nasrallah, Wiem Zidi, Moncef Feki, Samia Kacem, Neji Tebib, Naziha Kaabachi
BACKGROUND: Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is a peroxisome biogenesis disorder attributed to a mutation of the PEX genes family. The incidence of this disease in Africa and the Arab world remains unknown. This contribution is aimed at describing the clinical phenotype and biochemical features in Tunisian patients with ZS in order to improve the detection and management of this severe disorder. METHODS: A total of 52 patients diagnosed with ZS and 60 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were included in this study...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302469/umbilical-psoriasis-versus-tinea-corporis-in-infants-a-simple-clinical-diagnosis-image-view
#4
Anca Chiriac, Liliana Foia, Marius Florin Coros, Cristian Podoleanu, Simona Stolnicu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298256/awareness-of-mucopolysaccharidosis-in-an-otorhinolaryngologic-clinic
#5
LETTER
Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chih-Kuang Chuang, Kuo-Sheng Lee, Shuan-Pei Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279666/pediatric-heart-failure-a-practical-guide-to-diagnosis-and-management
#6
REVIEW
Daniele Masarone, Fabio Valente, Marta Rubino, Rossella Vastarella, Rita Gravino, Alessandra Rea, Maria Giovanna Russo, Giuseppe Pacileo, Giuseppe Limongelli
Pediatric heart failure represents an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. Currently, there are well-established guidelines for the management of heart failure in the adult population, but an equivalent consensus in children is lacking. In the clinical setting, ensuring an accurate diagnosis and defining etiology is essential to optimal treatment. Diuretics and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition are the first-line therapies, whereas beta-blockers and devices for electric therapy are less used in children than in adults...
February 1, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254405/early-appendectomy-shortens-antibiotic-course-and-hospital-stay-in-children-with-early-perforated-appendicitis
#7
Hsin-Yu Tsai, Hsun-Chin Chao, Wan-Ju Yu
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of perforated appendicitis in the pediatric population has been controversial. This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy between conservative treatment (CS) and early appendectomy (EA) in pediatric perforated appendicitis, and to determine whether surgical intervention is an optimal treatment modality for early perforated appendicitis in children. METHODS: Patients treated between January 2012 and April 2014, aged 0-18 years, with an imaging-based diagnosis of perforated appendicitis were retrospectively reviewed...
February 1, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237510/retrospective-evaluation-of-a-national-guideline-to-prevent-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#8
Annett Helleskov Rasmussen, Sonja Wehberg, Jesper Fenger-Groen, Henrik Thybo Christesen
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is common in neonates and may cause adverse neurological outcomes. Guidelines should aim to prevent repeated hypoglycemic episodes in risk groups, but they are not usually stratified according to the severity of hypoglycemia risk, which may lead to inappropriate and redundant interventions. We evaluated the effect of a national prevention guideline stratified according to mild, moderate, and severe risks of hypoglycemia. METHODS: From national registers, a population cohort of 22,725 neonates was identified retrospectively before and after implementation of a national guideline...
January 24, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223011/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-in-neonates-a-single-medical-center-experience-in-taiwan
#9
Chi-Man Kuok, Po-Nien Tsao, Chien-Yi Chen, Hung-Chieh Chou, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Shu-Chien Huang, Yih-Sharng Chen, En-Ting Wu
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used in neonates with severe cardiopulmonary failure who failed to respond to conventional therapy. We started to apply neck venoarterial ECMO (VA-ECMO) in neonatal patients from 2000. In this study, we have focused on neonates who received ECMO support and described the current status of ECMO in neonates for both cardiac and pulmonary support and the risk factors associated with their outcomes. METHODS: Data were retrieved from our ECMO database for the neonates (age < 28 days) who received neck VA-ECMO support from January 2005 to June 2015...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223010/the-role-of-heated-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-as-noninvasive-respiratory-support-in-neonates
#10
REVIEW
Ke-Yun Chao, Yi-Ling Chen, Li-Yi Tsai, Yu-Hsuan Chien, Shu-Chi Mu
Recently, heated humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) has been introduced and applied as a noninvasive respiratory support in neonates. Although HHHFNC is widely used in neonates presenting with respiratory distress, the efficiency and safety when compared with nasal continuous positive airway pressure or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation are still controversial. This review aims to evaluate the performance and applications of HHHFNC in neonates.
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216421/the-impacts-of-cord-blood-cotinine-and-glutathione-s-transferase-gene-polymorphisms-on-birth-outcome
#11
Kuan-Han Huang, An-Kuo Chou, Suh-Fang Jeng, Sharon Ng, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Mei-Huei Chen, Pau-Chung Chen, Wu-Shiun Hsieh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between cord blood cotinine levels and birth outcome, and to determine whether fetal metabolic gene polymorphisms of glutathione-S-transferase (GST) modulate the effect of environmental tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy. METHODS: This study included 328 maternal and neonatal pairs. Maternal and cord blood cotinine levels were measured using high performance liquid chromatography. The GST T1 (GSTT1) and GST M1 (GSTM1) polymorphisms were examined using the polymerase chain reaction method...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202378/neonatology-oxidative-status-in-preterm-infants-with-premature-preterm-rupture-of-membranes-and-fetal-inflammatuar-response-syndrome
#12
Elif Özalkaya, Güner Karatekin, Sevilay Topçuoğlu, Hande Özgün Karatepe, Taner Hafızoğlu, Pervin Baran, Fahri Ovalı
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study, to determine an index of oxidative stress index in preterm infants less than 34 weeks gestational age with premature preterm rupture of membrane (PPROM) and fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS). METHODS: This study was designed as a prospective study. Fifty-one premature infants less than 35 weeks of gestational age were included in the study. The umbilical cord blood concentrations of IL-6, TAC (total antioxidant capacity) and PON-1 (paraoxonase-1) levels and TOS (total oxidative stress) were studied...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283315/a-congenital-left-ventricular-aneurysm-a%C3%A2-cause-of-premature-ventricular-complex-in-a-premature-infant
#13
Wei-Li Hung, Shyh-Jye Chen, Shan-Miao Lin, Ming-Ren Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126449/urban-rural-disparity-in-geographical-and-temporal-availability-of-pediatric-clinics-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#14
Hsin-I Leu, Wei-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Li-Fang Chou, Mei-Jy Jeng
BACKGROUND: The shortage and maldistribution of pediatricians affected after-hours pediatric services, especially in rural areas. Our study aimed to examine the urban-rural disparity in geographical and temporal availability of the pediatrician workforce in Taiwan by analyzing opening time schedules of all pediatric clinics throughout the country. METHODS: The opening time schedules of nonhospital pediatric clinics were downloaded from the website of the National Health Insurance Administration in Taiwan for analysis...
December 29, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237247/subcutaneous-fat-necrosis-of-the-newborn-report-of-five-cases
#15
Leire González Lara, Asunción Vicente Villa, María Mercedes Otero Rivas, Mariona Sunol Capella, Fredy Prada, María Antonia González Enseñat
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SCFN) is a rare, self-limited disorder of the panniculus which appears in the first few weeks of life. SCFN generally follows an uncomplicated course. However, there are important complications for which the patient must be regularly monitored, including thrombocytopenia, hypoglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and most importantly, hypercalcemia. We report five infants with SCFN. All children were born at term. The onset of lesions was between 1 day and 20 days after birth...
February 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185778/efficacy-of-repeated-courses-of-ibuprofen-in-the-closure-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-premature-infants
#16
EDITORIAL
Ting-An Yen, Ching-Chia Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043831/leukocyte-adhesion-deficiency-iii-report-of-two-siblings
#17
LETTER
Deniz Aygun, Serdar Nepesov, Ruth Gershoni, Yıldız Camcıoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575605/kayser-fleisher-ring-and-sunflower-cataract-in-a-child-with-wilson-s-disease
#18
Chiang Ling Koay, Mimiwati Zahari, Way Seah Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522459/proinflammatory-cytokines-enolase-and-s-100-as-early-biochemical-indicators-of-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-following-perinatal-asphyxia-in-newborns
#19
Verónica Chaparro-Huerta, Mario Eduardo Flores-Soto, Mario Ernesto Merin Sigala, Juan Carlos Barrera de León, María de Lourdes Lemus-Varela, Blanca Miriam de Guadalupe Torres-Mendoza, Carlos Beas-Zárate
BACKGROUND: Estimation of the neurological prognosis of infants suffering from perinatal asphyxia and signs of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is of great clinical importance; however, it remains difficult to satisfactorily assess these signs with current standard medical practices. Prognoses are typically based on data obtained from clinical examinations and neurological tests, such as electroencephalography (EEG) and neuroimaging, but their sensitivities and specificities are far from optimal, and they do not always reliably predict future neurological sequelae...
February 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346390/early-erythropoietin-administration-does-not-increase-the-risk-of-retinopathy-in-preterm-infants
#20
Hsin-Hsu Chou, Mei-Yung Chung, Xiao-Guang Zhou, Hung-Chih Lin
BACKGROUND: Erythropoietin (EPO) administration prevents anemia of prematurity and may be associated with a significant increase in the risk of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in preterm infants. Nonetheless, early EPO treatment may prevent damage following retinal neovascularization. The aim of this meta-analysis was to elucidate whether EPO administration increases the risk of ROP. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials with no language restrictions...
February 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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