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Pediatrics and Neonatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339050/neonatal-solid-tumors-a-therapeutic-challenge
#1
EDITORIAL
Shih-Hsiang Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352665/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-practices-and-dietary-patterns-in-children-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-singapore-and-malaysia
#2
Fangyi Ong, Way Seah Lee, Charlotte Lin, Ruey Terng Ng, Shin Yee Wong, Su Lin Lim, Seng Hock Quak, Marion Aw
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has been associated with adverse effects and self-imposed dietary restrictions. The prevalence of its use in Asian children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unknown. We aimed to determine the prevalence, types, and factors associated with the use of CAM among children with IBD from Singapore and Malaysia, and to ascertain if dietary restriction was prevalent in patients who used CAM. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in which parents of children with IBD attending two tertiary pediatric IBD referral centres in Singapore and Malaysia were interviewed...
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339051/an-unusual-gfap-mutation-in-a-taiwanese-child-with-infantile-alexander-disease
#3
Jao-Shwann Liang, Li-Ju Lin, Haung-Chi Lin, Ming-Tao Yang, Jinn-Shyan Wang, Jyh-Feng Lu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339049/genotype-and-homology-analysis-of-pathogenic-and-colonization-strains-of-candida-albicans-from-hospitalized-neonates
#4
Jin-Zhen Su, Yu-Lan Yang, Rong Rong, Ben-Qing Wu
BACKGROUND: To detect the genotypes of pathogenic and colonization Candida albicans strains and to reveal whether there was a homologous relationship between these strains. METHODS: Pathogenic and colonization isolates were collected from infants in the NICU of Shenzhen People's Hospital (Shenzhen, People's Republic of China). rDNA identification, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and multi-loci variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) were used for species confirmation, strain identification, phylogenetic tree clustering, and assessment of homology among the pathogenic and colonization strains...
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337082/serum-lactate-dehydrogenase-isoenzymes-4-plus-5-is-a-better-biomarker-than-total-lactate-dehydrogenase-for-refractory-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-in-children
#5
Ta-Yu Liu, Wei-Ju Lee, Chih-Min Tsai, Kuang-Che Kuo, Chen-Hsiang Lee, Kai-Sheng Hsieh, Chin-Hao Chang, Yu-Tsun Su, Chen-Kuang Niu, Hong-Ren Yu
Although usually self-limiting, Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) may lead to clinical or radiological deterioration despite macrolide antibiotic therapy, resulting in the development of refractory MPP (RMPP). Corticosteroids have been used to treat RMPP with beneficial effects. Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is a suggested biomarker for the use of steroid therapy. Since serum LDH is a non-specific marker and elevated in many inflammatory processes, this study investigates the predicting level of LDH isoenzymes for RMPP...
December 26, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331231/successful-catheter-ablation-of-atrioventricular-reentrant-tachycardia-with-left-lateral-bypass-tract-in-a-patient-with-unroofed-coronary-sinus-atrial-septal-defect
#6
Ji-Eun Ban, Woo-Hyeuk Choi, So-Young Bak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289490/positive-end-expiratory-pressure-during-resuscitation-at-birth-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#7
Ratchada Kitsommart, Kittaya Nakornchai, Buranee Yangthara, Ratchada Jiraprasertwong, Bosco Paes
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence of the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during resuscitation soon after birth. Premature neonates may experience respiratory distress from surfactant insufficiency and providing PEEP after the very first breath, may improve outcomes following appropriate resuscitation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the short term respiratory outcomes after positive pressure ventilation (PPV) with PEEP in preterm infants at birth. METHODS: A prospective randomized-controlled, pilot trial was conducted...
December 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276042/intestinal-tight-junctions-are-severely-altered-in-nec-preterm-neonates
#8
Amir Bein, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, Dan Arbell, Betty Schwartz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe inflammatory disorder of the intestine endangering the health and survival of preterm infants. It is well established that the gut barrier is severely damaged in NEC patients, nonetheless an in depth investigation of modifications at the transcriptional and translational levels of tight junction genes and proteins during NEC are still missing. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the expression of tight junctions and other associated proteins during NEC and determine their correlation to the disease severity...
December 7, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274682/linear-iga-dermatosis-an-atypical-manifestation-of-a-rare-disease
#9
Helena Ferreira, Catarina Vilarinho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301720/effect-of-oral-propranolol-on-periocular-capillary-hemangiomas-of-infancy
#10
Kirthi Koka, Bipasha Mukherjee, Sumita Agarkar
BACKGROUND: To assess the safety and efficacy of oral propranolol in the management of periocular Capillary Hemangiomas of Infancy (CHI). METHODS: Medical records of 21 infants diagnosed with periocular capillary hemangioma during a period of 5 years from 2009 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The data collected included demographic details, clinical features and details of imaging studies and response to the therapy. All patients received oral propranolol under the supervision of a pediatrician...
December 6, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295806/analysis-of-individual-level-and-community-level-effects-on-childhood-undernutrition-in-malawi
#11
Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is a major global public health problem among children under the age of 5 years. We aimed to untangle the effects of a wide range of individual- and community-level socioeconomic factors on the risks of childhood undernutrition in Malawi. METHODS: We analyzed 6384 women-infant pairs from the 2004 and 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Surveys (MDHSs). The undernutrition status was assessed by three domains of stunted (height-for-age), wasted (weight-for-height), and underweight (weight-for-age)...
December 6, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292068/role-of-th22-and-il-22-in-pathogenesis-of-allergic-airway-diseases-pro-inflammatory-or-anti-inflammatory-effect
#12
REVIEW
Laura Tamasauskiene, Brigita Sitkauskiene
A new population of T cells known as Th22 was described for the first time in 2009. These cells are usually identified by the production of IL-22. However, this cytokine is also secreted by other cells such as Th1, Th2, Th17, natural killers, and innate lymphoid cells. Th22 is known as a pro-inflammatory agent in allergic skin diseases. Recently, more evidence has emerged showing associations between these cells and other diseases. The role of Th22 in asthma and allergic rhinitis is controversial: some authors suggest that Th22 has a pro-inflammatory effect, while others state that Th22 has anti-inflammatory properties...
December 6, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295805/carcinoid-tumor-arising-from-a-retroperitoneal-mature-cystic-teratoma
#13
Po-Wei Huang, Yen-Lin Liu, James S Miser, Chii-Hong Lee, Chun-Yu Kao, Shu-Huey Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248382/risk-factors-for-nosocomial-infections-after-cardiac-surgery-in-newborns-with-congenital-heart-disease
#14
Heladia García, Beatriz Cervantes-Luna, Héctor González-Cabello, Guadalupe Miranda-Novales
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart diseases are among the most common congenital malformations. Approximately 50% of the patients with congenital heart disease undergo cardiac surgery. Nosocomial infections (NIs) are the main complications and an important cause of increased morbidity and mortality associated with congenital heart diseases. This study's objective was to identify the risk factors associated with the development of NIs after cardiac surgery in newborns with congenital heart disease...
November 23, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198615/reappraising-newborn-screening-for-cobalamin-c-disorder
#15
Vlad Tocan, Kazuhiro Ohkubo, Kanako Higashi, Naoko Toda, Kanako Kojima-Ishii, Kei Nishiyama, Masataka Ishimura, Hidetoshi Takada, Osamu Sakamoto, Fusako Sasaki, Kazuko Yoshimura, Shinichi Hirose, Shouichi Ohga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241638/medical-treatment-of-a-female-patient-with-complicated-klippel-trenaunay-syndrome
#16
Fang-Liang Huang, Han-Yu Chen, Te-Kau Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221788/differential-prevalence-of-hematuria-and-proteinuria-with-socio-demographic-factors-among-school-children-in-hualien-taiwan
#17
Ming-Chun Chen, Jen-Hung Wang, Chia-Hsiang Chu, Ching-Feng Cheng
BACKGROUND: Pediatric hematuria/proteinuria is a risk factor for chronic kidney disease in later life, and school urinary screening can detect asymptomatic glomerulonephritis in the early stage. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hematuria/proteinuria and its association with different socio-demographic factors among school children in 2013 in Hualien, Taiwan. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among first, fourth, and seventh graders. Health examination results and urinalysis data were analyzed...
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203194/hepatoblastoma-in-an-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-with-beckwith-wiedemann-syndrome
#18
Yukako Kawasaki, Masami Makimoto, Azusa Samejima, Noriko Yoneda, Ken Higashimoto, Hidenobu Soejima, Taketoshi Yoshida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217372/acute-peritoneal-dialysis-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-an-8-year-experience-of-a-referral-hospital
#19
Aslihan Kara, Metin Kaya Gurgoze, Mustafa Aydin, Erdal Taskin, Unal Bakal, Aysen Orman
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to evaluate the indications, complications and outcomes of acute peritoneal dialysis (APD) in neonates at a referral university hospital during the previous 8 years. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included a total of 52 newborn infants who underwent APD in a neonatal intensive care unit between January 2008 and March 2016. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and microbiological data were extracted from patients' medical files...
November 16, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217373/langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-presenting-like-lichen-planus-in-a-4-month-old-infant
#20
Dilek Ece, Neriman Sahiner, Aslinur Ozkaya-Parlakay, Ayse Selcen Oguz-Erdogan, Derya Ozyoruk, Hasan Tezer, Belgin Gulhan, Saliha Kanik-Yuksek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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