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Pediatrics and Neonatology

Sara Dal Bo, Francesca Currò, Alberto Ratta, Simona Straziuso, Federico Marchetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Alina Sobczak, Tomasz Tomasik, Andrzej Zając, Barbara Klasa, Piotr Kruczek, Przemko Kwinta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 25, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Mu-Ming Chien, Mei-Hwei Chang, Kai-Chi Chang, Fang-Ting Lu, Yu-Chun Chiu, Huey-Ling Chen, Yen-Hsuan Ni, Hong-Yuan Hsu, Jia-Feng Wu
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the prognostic parameters and beneficial effects of repeat plasma exchange in children with acute liver failure (ALF). METHODS: Twenty-three patients under 18 years of age admitted to National Taiwan University Hospital due to ALF from 2003 to 2016 were included in this retrospective analysis. RESULTS: Among the patients, 11 (48%) had native liver recovery (NLR), 9 (39.1%) died without liver transplant, and 3 (12...
September 24, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Tadamune Kinjo, Hirosuke Inoue, Takeshi Kusuda, Junko Fujiyoshi, Masayuki Ochiai, Yasushi Takahata, Satoshi Honjo, Yuhki Koga, Toshiro Hara, Shouichi Ohga
BACKGROUND: Transient abnormal myelopoiesis (TAM) is a neonatal preleukemic syndrome that occurs exclusively in neonates with Down syndrome (DS). Most affected infants spontaneously resolve, although some patients culminate in hepatic failure despite the hematological remission. It is impossible to determine the patients who are at high risk of progressive liver disease and leukemic transformation. The objective is to search for biomarkers predicting the development of hepatic failure in DS infants with TAM...
September 24, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Jia-Huei Yan, Xin-Yuan Cai, Ying-Hsien Huang
BACKGROUND: Febrile children are often evaluated for the risk of bacterial infections in the pediatric emergency department (PER). Hepcidin is an acute phase inflammatory protein. In this study, we examined the plasma hepcidin levels in febrile children. METHODS: This study was conducted at a pediatric emergency department with 123 febrile children. We measured plasma hepcidin levels using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We further evaluated clinical characteristics and routine blood tests along with the hepcidin levels...
September 20, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Alberto Bazzocchi, Paolo Spinnato, Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez, Daniele Mercatelli, Ugo Albisinni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Siamak Sabour, Hadis Batari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Defne Engur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Yu-Ching Wang, Miguel Moya Guerola, Yi-Ching Lin, Yi-Ping Hsieh, Carol Strong, Meng-Che Tsai, Chung-Ying Lin
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) can leave negative impacts on one's health behaviors or social functioning later in life. Resilient characteristics have been shown to mitigate effects against risk behaviors in developing adolescents. However, clinical and research attention has rarely been given to jointly consider the effects of ACEs and resilient characteristics on health behaviors in Taiwanese youth. METHOD: A total of 200 individuals aged 15-22 years were recruited from primary care settings, communities, and schools...
August 24, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chih-Kuang Chuang, Yu-Yuan Ke, Chia-Chi Hsu, Pao Chin Chiu, Dau-Ming Niu, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Wuh-Liang Hwu, Ju-Li Lin, Shuan-Pei Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Ahmad Abdul Aziz, Amelie Stritzke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Sara Dokuhaki, Maryam Heidary, Marzieh Akbarzadeh
BACKGROUND: Maternal attachment to the fetus during pregnancy improves infant's growth and development and is an important criterion for public health. The aim is to investigate the effect of training attachment behaviors to pregnant women on some growth health indicators of infants. METHODS: This is a clinical trial with convenience sampling which was conducted on 190 pregnant women in Hafez Hospital in Shiraz who randomly classified into intervention and control groups...
August 17, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Mei-Jy Jeng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Anca Chiriac, Cristian Podoleanu, Adrian Naznean, Simona Stolnicu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Amir Bein, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, Dan Arbell, Betty Schwartz
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) is a severe inflammatory disorder of the intestine endangering the health and survival of preterm infants. It is well established that the gut barrier is severely damaged in NEC patients, nonetheless an in depth investigation of modifications at the transcriptional and translational levels of tight junction genes and proteins during NEC are still missing. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the expression of tight junctions and other associated proteins during NEC and determine their correlation to the disease severity...
October 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hsiao-Lan Sharon Wang, Natalie Yu-Hsien Wang, Fang-Cheng Yeh
BACKGROUND: Lexical tone identification has a unique role in the perceptual processes of Chinese readers. Reduced lexical tone awareness, along with poor word-decoding abilities, is frequently observed in Chinese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia. However, whether this deficit is linked to reduced auditory processing and interrupted structural connectivity in the brain requires further investigation. This study therefore explores the white matter pathways associated with Chinese character recognition and auditory processing of pitch variations, with the objective of to identify the most representative neural correlates for Chinese developmental dyslexia...
August 10, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
I-Lun Chen, Mei-Chen Ou-Yang, Feng-Shun Chen, Mei-Yung Chung, Chih-Cheng Chen, Yu-Chen Liu, Kuan-Hung Lin, Hsin-Chun Huang
BACKGROUND: In neonatal intensive care units, a percutaneous central venous catheter (PCVC) is inserted peripherally and threaded into a central venous location, when intravenous access is anticipated for an extended period of time. The tip location of PCVCs should be checked by an X-ray after the procedure. The present study aimed to determine an equation to estimate the optimal insertion length of PCVCs in neonates prior to the procedure. METHODS: The data of all neonates who had PCVC insertion between May 1st 2015 and April 30th 2016 was reviewed...
August 3, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Hacer Yapicioglu Yildizdas, Burak Poyraz, Guluzar Atli, Yasar Sertdemir, Kurthan Mert, Ferda Ozlu, Mehmet Satar
BACKGROUND: Olive oil-soybean oil (OO/SO) based lipid emulsions (LE) lack ω-3 PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid -EPA and docosahexaenoic acid- DHA, which have clinical benefits on inflammatory processes. Fish oil based LEs are good sources of DHA and EPA. Fish oil, MCT, Olive oil and Soya oil (FMOS) lipid is one of the fish oil containing LEs supplemented with high levels of α-tocopherol and lower levels of phytosterol compared to OO/SO lipid emulsions. We investigated the effects of OO/SO and FMOS lipid preparations on cholestasis, levels of antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxidation...
August 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Tung-Hua Chen, Yung-Chieh Lin, Yuh-Jyh Lin, Chyi-Her Lin
BACKGROUND: Hour-specific bilirubin nomogram has been recommended to predict postdischarge hyperbilirubinemia in newborns. However, it may not be applicable in Taiwan due to ethnic differences. The aim of this study was to construct a 12-h specific transcutaneous bilirubin (TCB) nomogram in newborns for clinical reference. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled full term or late preterm neonates born in a tertiary care hospital between October 2013 and July 2014. The exclusion criteria included chromosome anomaly, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, and receiving phototherapy within 60 h after birth...
August 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
Jen-Fu Hsu, Chyi-Liang Chen, Chien-Chung Lee, Reyin Lien, Shih-Ming Chu, Ren-Huei Fu, Ming-Chou Chiang, Chang-Yo Yang, Mei-Yin Lai, I-Hsyuan Wu, Yu-Shan Yen, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
BACKGROUND: Group B streptococcus (GBS) infections can be life-threatening in newborns. This study aimed to analyze GBS carriage status and genotypic diversity in healthy neonates after implementation of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) in Taiwan. METHODS: Newborns carrying GBS were identified from a screen of 500 newborns and followed up until their cultures turned negative. Their mothers' GBS screening data were reviewed. Molecular methods, including capsular serotyping, multilocus sequence typing and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), were used to analyze GBS isolates...
August 2, 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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