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Pediatrics and Neonatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237510/retrospective-evaluation-of-a-national-guideline-to-prevent-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#1
Annett Helleskov Rasmussen, Sonja Wehberg, Jesper Fenger-Groen, Henrik Thybo Christesen
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is common in neonates and may cause adverse neurological outcomes. Guidelines should aim to prevent repeated hypoglycemic episodes in risk groups, but they are not usually stratified according to the severity of hypoglycemia risk, which may lead to inappropriate and redundant interventions. We evaluated the effect of a national prevention guideline stratified according to mild, moderate, and severe risks of hypoglycemia. METHODS: From national registers, a population cohort of 22,725 neonates was identified retrospectively before and after implementation of a national guideline...
January 24, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223011/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-in-neonates-a-single-medical-center-experience-in-taiwan
#2
Chi-Man Kuok, Po-Nien Tsao, Chien-Yi Chen, Hung-Chieh Chou, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Shu-Chien Huang, Yih-Sharng Chen, En-Ting Wu
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used in neonates with severe cardiopulmonary failure who failed to respond to conventional therapy. We started to apply neck venoarterial ECMO (VA-ECMO) in neonatal patients from 2000. In this study, we have focused on neonates who received ECMO support and described the current status of ECMO in neonates for both cardiac and pulmonary support and the risk factors associated with their outcomes. METHODS: Data were retrieved from our ECMO database for the neonates (age < 28 days) who received neck VA-ECMO support from January 2005 to June 2015...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223010/the-role-of-heated-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-as-noninvasive-respiratory-support-in-neonates
#3
REVIEW
Ke-Yun Chao, Yi-Ling Chen, Li-Yi Tsai, Yu-Hsuan Chien, Shu-Chi Mu
Recently, heated humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) has been introduced and applied as a noninvasive respiratory support in neonates. Although HHHFNC is widely used in neonates presenting with respiratory distress, the efficiency and safety when compared with nasal continuous positive airway pressure or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation are still controversial. This review aims to evaluate the performance and applications of HHHFNC in neonates.
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216421/the-impacts-of-cord-blood-cotinine-and-glutathione-s-transferase-gene-polymorphisms-on-birth-outcome
#4
Kuan-Han Huang, An-Kuo Chou, Suh-Fang Jeng, Sharon Ng, Chia-Jung Hsieh, Mei-Huei Chen, Pau-Chung Chen, Wu-Shiun Hsieh
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between cord blood cotinine levels and birth outcome, and to determine whether fetal metabolic gene polymorphisms of glutathione-S-transferase (GST) modulate the effect of environmental tobacco smoke exposure during pregnancy. METHODS: This study included 328 maternal and neonatal pairs. Maternal and cord blood cotinine levels were measured using high performance liquid chromatography. The GST T1 (GSTT1) and GST M1 (GSTM1) polymorphisms were examined using the polymerase chain reaction method...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202378/neonatology-oxidative-status-in-preterm-infants-with-premature-preterm-rupture-of-membranes-and-fetal-inflammatuar-response-syndrome
#5
Elif Özalkaya, Güner Karatekin, Sevilay Topçuoğlu, Hande Özgün Karatepe, Taner Hafızoğlu, Pervin Baran, Fahri Ovalı
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study, to determine an index of oxidative stress index in preterm infants less than 34 weeks gestational age with premature preterm rupture of membrane (PPROM) and fetal inflammatory response syndrome (FIRS). METHODS: This study was designed as a prospective study. Fifty-one premature infants less than 35 weeks of gestational age were included in the study. The umbilical cord blood concentrations of IL-6, TAC (total antioxidant capacity) and PON-1 (paraoxonase-1) levels and TOS (total oxidative stress) were studied...
January 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126449/urban-rural-disparity-in-geographical-and-temporal-availability-of-pediatric-clinics-a-nationwide-survey-in-taiwan
#6
Hsin-I Leu, Wei-Ting Chang, Ming-Hwai Lin, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Li-Fang Chou, Mei-Jy Jeng
BACKGROUND: The shortage and maldistribution of pediatricians affected after-hours pediatric services, especially in rural areas. Our study aimed to examine the urban-rural disparity in geographical and temporal availability of the pediatrician workforce in Taiwan by analyzing opening time schedules of all pediatric clinics throughout the country. METHODS: The opening time schedules of nonhospital pediatric clinics were downloaded from the website of the National Health Insurance Administration in Taiwan for analysis...
December 29, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233733/hiatal-hernia-a-rare-cause-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-children
#7
Tai-Chuan Shih, Hsiang-Hung Shih, Yu-Tang Chang, Zen-Kong Dai, I-Chen Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209472/role-of-antioxidants-in-horse-serum-mediated-vasculitis-in-swine-potential-relevance-to-early-treatment-in-mitigation-of-coronary-arteritis-in-kawasaki-disease
#8
Saji Philip, Wen-Chuan Lee, Kotturathu Mammen Cherian, Mei-Hwan Wu, Hung-Chi Lue
BACKGROUND: Horse serum-induced immune complex coronary vasculitis in swine is the first experimental model to mimic most of the pictures of Kawasaki disease. Immune complex mechanism has been implicated as one of the possible mechanisms in the pathogenesis of vasculitis in Kawasaki disease. Antioxidants have a significant role in the reduction of cardiovascular diseases in both human and animal studies. We tried giving vitamins A, E, and C to treat immune complex vasculitis, in the hope of mitigating coronary vasculitis in Kawasaki disease...
December 18, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087260/seizure-recurrence-in-children-after-stopping-antiepileptic-medication-5-year-follow-up
#9
Inn-Chi Lee, Shuan-Yow Li, Yung-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: We wanted to identify in children with epilepsy the factors associated with seizure control and recurrence after a 2-year remission. METHODS: We did a 5-year follow-up of epileptic children whose antiepileptic medication had been stopped. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to compare features of electroencephalograms (EEGs) and clinical findings. In this study, 43 patients with and 64 without a seizure recurrence (SR) were enrolled. RESULTS: Clinical features strongly associated with SR in the univariate analysis included a symptomatic etiology for seizures, a history of status epilepticus, treatment duration before stopping antiepileptic drugs, and abnormal EEG findings at the time of stopping antiepileptic drugs...
December 18, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089500/c-reactive-protein-may-predict-the-recurrence-of-appendicitis-in-children-formerly-with-appendiceal-mass-after-successful-non-operative-treatment
#10
Yi-Jung Chang, Hsun-Chin Chao, Chyi-Liang Chen, Shin-Yann Chen, Dah-Chin Yan, Ming-Han Tsai
BACKGROUND: This study identified factors associated with the recurrence of appendicitis in children with appendiceal masses after successful nonsurgical treatment. METHODS: In this retrospective study, children who were diagnosed as having appendiceal masses after undergoing conservative treatment between 2000 and 2014 were enrolled and the medical records of those who did not undergo an interval appendectomy were reviewed. The clinical features and outcomes of patients with and those without recurrent appendicitis were compared...
December 15, 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237247/subcutaneous-fat-necrosis-of-the-newborn-report-of-five-cases
#11
Leire González Lara, Asunción Vicente Villa, María Mercedes Otero Rivas, Mariona Sunol Capella, Fredy Prada, María Antonia González Enseñat
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SCFN) is a rare, self-limited disorder of the panniculus which appears in the first few weeks of life. SCFN generally follows an uncomplicated course. However, there are important complications for which the patient must be regularly monitored, including thrombocytopenia, hypoglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and most importantly, hypercalcemia. We report five infants with SCFN. All children were born at term. The onset of lesions was between 1 day and 20 days after birth...
February 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185778/efficacy-of-repeated-courses-of-ibuprofen-in-the-closure-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-premature-infants
#12
EDITORIAL
Ting-An Yen, Ching-Chia Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043831/leukocyte-adhesion-deficiency-iii-report-of-two-siblings
#13
LETTER
Deniz Aygun, Serdar Nepesov, Ruth Gershoni, Yıldız Camcıoglu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919592/biomarkers-of-myocardial-injury-in-congenital-heart-disease-more-questions-than-answers
#14
EDITORIAL
Chun-An Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389915/effects-of-breast-milk-and-vanilla-odors-on-premature-neonates-heart-rate-and-blood-oxygen-saturation-during-and-after-venipuncture
#15
LETTER
Yu-Chien Wei, Po-Nien Tsao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349302/maternal-stress-during-gestation-birth-outcomes-and-the-stress-related-hormone-response-of-neonates
#16
LETTER
Chien-Yu Huang, Po-Nien Tsao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251121/double-tracheoesophageal-fistula-and-azygos-lobe
#17
Maria Pia De Carolis, Carmen Cocca, Francesco Cota, Giovanni Pinna, Serena Antonia Rubortone, Costantino Romagnoli, Lorenzo Mirabile, Paola Serio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234420/congenital-tuberculosis-after-in-vitro-fertilization-in-a-woman-previously-undiagnosed-with-tuberculosis-salpingitis
#18
Nagehan Emiralioglu, Deniz Dogru, Berna Oguz, Ebru Yalcin, Ugur Ozcelik, Bahadir Konuskan, Ali Bülent Cengiz, Nural Kiper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27215474/efficacy-of-medical-treatment-for-infantile-hypertrophic-pyloric-stenosis-a%C3%A2-meta-analysis
#19
Shu-Fen Wu, Hsiang-Yu Lin, Fu-Kuei Huang, An-Chyi Chen, Bai-Horng Su, Chia-Ing Li, Hung-Chih Lin
BACKGROUND: Infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) is a common disease in infancy. Pyloromyotomy is universally considered the treatment for IHPS; however, oral or intravenous atropine has been reappraised for the treatment of IHPS in the past 20 years. We investigated the efficacy of atropine in the medical management of IHPS by using meta-analysis and investigated the sonographic changes of the pyloric canal, as well as the efficacy and adverse effects of atropine. METHODS: Information was retrieved from PubMed, Ovid, and MEDLINE...
December 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27211277/a-knotted-elemental-diet-tube-in-a-neonate-serial-radiographs-demonstrating-the-process-of-loop-formation
#20
Atsushi Watanabe, Takaya Nakane, Chihiro Kobayashi, Tetsuo Ohyama, Hiroaki Kise, Hideaki Yagasaki, Takako Toda, Keiichi Koizumi, Minako Hoshiai, Kanji Sugita
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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