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Pediatrics and Neonatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739214/influence-of-platelet-count-platelet-mass-index-and-platelet-function-on-the-spontaneous-closure-of-ductus-arteriosus-in-the-prematurity
#1
Dilek Kahvecioglu, Omer Erdeve, Hasan Akduman, Tayfun Ucar, Serdar Alan, Ufuk Çakır, Duran Yıldız, Begum Atasay, Saadet Arsan, Semra Atalay
BACKGROUND: This study aims at evaluating the influence of platelet count, platelet mass index, and platelet function on the spontaneous closure of ductus arteriosus in prematurity. METHODS: All preterm babies were divided into two groups, including Group 1 with "open PDA" and Group 2 with "closed PDA". The variables of platelet count, mean platelet volume, platelet mass index, and platelet function were analyzed and compared between two groups of patients to identify the factors that significantly influenced spontaneous closure of ductus arteriosus...
July 11, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736178/neonatal-solid-tumors
#2
Aravindan Chandrasekaran
BACKGROUND: Neonatal tumors are different from tumors of the older children and knowledge gained from treating older children can not be extrapolated to neonates. Neonates have immature physiology and their haematopoietic and immune systems are not fully developed and the response to therapy is unpredictable. Hence it is imperative to study these tumors as separate entity. The aim of this study is to analyse this rare set of tumors in terms of their incidence, clinical features and management...
July 11, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736177/the-analgesic-effect-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-to-reduce-procedural-pain-in-preterm-neonates
#3
Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Shu-Jen Chen, Pei-Chen Tsao, Chih-Chien Wang, Ching-Feng Huang, Chien-Ming Lin, Ya-Ling Chou, Wei-Yu Chen, I-Ching Chan
BACKGROUND: Painful procedures are unavoidable in the medical care of preterm babies. The unpleasant experience during the neonatal period may contribute to hyperalgesia and poor neurodevelopment outcome later. Seeking effective interventions to reduce pain are strongly indicated for these very small premature babies. The aim of this study is to investigate if instilling breast milk (BM) or dextrose water into oral cavity can reduce the procedural pain of heel stick for preterm babies...
July 11, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735030/effect-of-bosentan-therapy-in-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn
#4
Gunlawadee Maneenil, Anucha Thatrimontrichai, Waricha Janjindamai, Supaporn Dissaneevate
BACKGROUND: Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) contributes to neonatal hypoxemia and is associated with a high mortality. Some PPHN patients are unresponsive to inhaled nitric oxide (iNO). Bosentan, an oral endothelin-1 receptor antagonist, reduces pulmonary vascular resistance and hence may play a role in the treatment of PPHN. METHODS: A retrospective medical records review was performed in newborns who received oral bosentan as an adjunctive therapy for treatment of PPHN between January 2013 and February 2016 at the neonatal intensive care unit of Songklanagarind Hospital...
July 11, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694136/iatrogenic-aortic-dissection-in-a-preterm-neonate-presenting-as-acute-renal-failure
#5
Alejandro Avila-Alvarez, Victor Bautista-Hernandez, Fernando Rueda-Nuñez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698024/the-prevalence-and-characteristics-of-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy-in-infants-and-young-children-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#6
Fu-Ping Lai, Yao-Jong Yang
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in children varies. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the prevalence and clinical manifestations of CMPA in young children who visited for evaluation of iron deficiency anemia (IDA). METHODS: Patients aged <4 years who were diagnosed as having IDA (serum ferritin <12 ng/mL) at the National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Taiwan in the period 2005-2015 were reviewed. Their clinical presentations, laboratory data, endoscopy findings, and prognosis were analyzed...
June 30, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716693/the-effects-of-reflexology-on-constipation-and-motor-functions-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Bulent Elbasan, Sabiha Bezgin
BACKGROUND: There is no evidence regarding the effects of reflexology on constipation and motor functions in children with cerebral palsy. This study was planned to investigate the effects of reflexology combined with neurodevelopmental therapy on constipation and motor functions in children with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Forty children between the ages of 3 and 15 years with cerebral palsy within levels 3/4/5 according to the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) were included in the study...
June 29, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645688/pubertal-timing-smoking-and-sexual-activity
#8
EDITORIAL
Fu-Sung Lo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642139/clinical-characteristics-and-epidemiology-of-sepsis-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-the-era-of-multi-drug-resistant-organisms-a-retrospective-review
#9
Dawood Yusef, Tala Shalakhti, Samah Awad, Hana'a Algharaibeh, Wasim Khasawneh
BACKGROUND: Sepsis in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) remains one of the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality, especially for preterm newborns. Multi-drug resistant organisms (MDROs) are emerging as important pathogens that cause neonatal sepsis in NICU. Therefore, studying the epidemiology, clinical features, and outcome caused by MDROs vs. non-MDROs, and identifying risk factors that may predispose patients to sepsis by MDROs are important. METHODS: Episodes of blood culture-proven sepsis (age: 0-90 days) in the NICU at our institution from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579038/successful-resolution-of-epstein-barr-virus-associated-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-during-the-treatment-course-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#10
Mari Harada, Yuko Honda, Takayuki Hoshina, Shouichi Ohga, Koichi Ohshima, Koichi Kusuhara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566195/parenting-stress-in-parents-of-children-with-refractory-epilepsy-before-and-after-vagus-nerve-stimulation-implantation
#11
Sung-Tse Li, Nan-Chang Chiu, Yung-Ting Kuo, Ein-Yiao Shen, Pei-Chieh Tsai, Che-Sheng Ho, Wen-Hsiang Wu, Juei-Chao Chen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate parenting stress in parents of children with refractory epilepsy before and after their children received vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) implantation. METHODS: Parents of children with refractory epilepsy completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI) under a psychologist's assessment before and at least 12 months after their children received VNS implantation. The PSI questionnaire measures parenting stress in two domains; a parent domain with seven subscales, and a child domain with six...
May 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587747/flexible-endoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-esophageal-stenosis-in-children-with-noninvasive-ventilation-support
#12
Kao-Hsian Hsieh, Wen-Jue Soong, Mei-Jy Jeng, Yu-Sheng Lee, Pei-Chen Tsao, Ya-Ling Chou
BACKGROUND: Esophageal stenosis (ES) is characterized by dysphagia, failure to thrive, and long-term disability. It requires repeated management because it is refractory. Traditionally, these procedures are performed under general anesthesia with airway intubation. PURPOSE: This study investigated the safety and efficacy of the management of interventional flexible endoscopy (IFE) performed with a novel noninvasive ventilation (NIV) support. METHODS: Use of a short-length flexible endoscope with NIV of pharyngeal oxygen, nose closure, and abdominal compression during IFE was investigated...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576411/postnatal-hyperoxia-or-dehp-exposure-leads-to-growth-restriction-and-delayed-lung-development-in-newborn-rats
#13
Zhong-Jie Liang, Qiu-Ping Wu, Bei-Tao Chen, Zhen-Lang Lin, Jing Lin, Shang-Qin Chen
BACKGROUND: Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is commonly used as a plasticizer in many medical devices. We previously showed that maternal DEHP exposure led to restricted growth and delayed lung maturation in newborn rats. As oxygen toxicity continues to be a major risk factor for bronchopulmonary dysplasia, the aim of this study was to examine the effect of hyperoxia, DEHP or DEHP combined with hyperoxia on the growth and lung maturation of newborn rats. METHODS: Newborn rats received DEHP injection, hyperoxia exposure or DEHP injection combined with hyperoxia exposure for one week or two weeks...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571908/the-sflt-1-plgf-ratio-as-a-predictor-for-poor-pregnancy-and-neonatal-outcomes
#14
Yu-Shan Chang, Chi-Nien Chen, Suh-Fang Jeng, Yi-Ning Su, Chien-Yi Chen, Hung-Chieh Chou, Po-Nien Tsao, Wu-Shiun Hsieh
BACKGROUND: Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase receptor-1 (sFlt-1)/placental growth factor (PlGF) ratio has been studied extensively as a predictive marker for pre-eclampsia. However, its usefulness for predicting neonatal outcomes remains unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the association of sFlt-1/PlGF ratio with pregnancy outcomes, neonatal morbidities and short-term postnatal growth patterns in pregnant women and their babies. METHODS: sFlt-1 and PlGF were measured in women with fetal intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) or pre-eclampsia during gestational age (GA) of 16-36 weeks...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550982/early-provision-of-oropharyngeal-colostrum-leads-to-sustained-breast-milk-feedings-in-preterm-infants
#15
Ruth Snyder, Aimee Herdt, Nancy Mejias-Cepeda, John Ladino, Kathryn Crowley, Philip Levy
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal colostrum (OC) application strategies have been shown to be feasible and safe for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Evidence to support the nutritional and clinical advantages of OC care remains somewhat theoretical. The objectives of this study were to a) confirm the feasibility and safety of OC application in preterm infants and b) determine if OC application is associated with improved nutritional and clinical outcomes from birth to discharge. We hypothesized that OC application in the first few days would promote sustained breast milk feedings through discharge...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549951/disappearance-of-globus-pallidum-lesions-in-t1-weighted-magnetic-resonance-images-after-ligation-of-congenital-portosystemic-venous-shunt
#16
Ryuichi Takemoto, Kenichiro Yamamura, Hazumu Nagata, Naoki Kawaguchi, Yasunari Sakai, Toshiharu Matsuura, Tomoaki Taguchi, Shouichi Ohga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545812/liver-exstrophy-in-a-neonate-with-poland-syndrome
#17
Xenophon Sinopidis, Antonios Panagidis, Vasileios Alexopoulos, Sotirios Tzifas, Gabriel Dimitriou, George Georgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545811/a-customized-ino-therapy-device-for-use-in-neonatal-emergency-transport
#18
Carlo Bellini, Luca A Ramenghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539199/respiratory-severity-score-and-extubation-readiness-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#19
Maroun J Mhanna, Narayan P Iyer, Scott Piraino, Mohit Jain
BACKGROUND: The respiratory severity score (RSS) is a byproduct of mean airway pressure (MAP) and fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2). We sought to determine whether RSS could be used as a screening tool to predict extubation readiness in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, medical records of all VLBW infants admitted to our unit (6/1/09-2/28/12) were reviewed for infants' demographics, prenatal characteristics, and medication use...
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533115/acute-respiratory-distress-revealing-massive-pulmonary-embolism-in-a-neonate
#20
Virginie Leriche, Angelina Dubois, Guy Vaksmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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