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Pediatrics and Neonatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416250/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#1
REVIEW
Ming-Chou Chiang, Yuh-Jyh Jong, Chyi-Her Lin
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a recommended regimen for newborn infants who are at or near term with evolving moderate-to-severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The Task Force of the Taiwan Child Neurology Society and the Taiwan Society of Neonatology held a joint meeting in 2015 to establish recommendations for using TH on newborn patients with HIE. Based on current evidence and experts' experiences, this review article summarizes the key points and recommendations regarding TH for newborns with HIE, including: (1) selection criteria for TH; (2) choices of method and equipment for TH; (3) TH prior to and during transport; (4) methods for temperature maintenance, monitoring, and rewarming; (5) systemic care of patients during TH, including the care of respiratory and cardiovascular systems, management of fluids, electrolytes, and nutrition, as well as sedation and drug metabolism; (6) monitoring and management of seizures; (7) neuroimaging, prognostic factors, and outcomes; and (8) adjuvant therapy for TH...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416249/prognostic-accuracy-of-clinical-signs-and-diagnostic-tests-in-cow-s-milk-allergy-in-newborns
#2
Gregor Nosan, Maja Jakic, Miha Jager, Darja Paro-Panjan
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to explore the correlation between clinical signs and confirmatory tests for cow's milk allergy (CMA) in the neonatal period and their relation to family history and the occurrence of food allergies in the postneonatal period. METHODS: The medical documentation of 361 newborns with suspected CMA and exclusion of other comorbidities was analyzed. The correlations between clinical signs and methods to confirm CMA [elevated levels of total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and/or specific IgE for cow's milk, improvement after the introduction of a cow's milk-free diet and positive challenge procedure] were studied...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412200/three-year-follow-up-of-children-with-abnormal-newborn-screening-results-for-congenital-hypothyroidism
#3
Min-Jae Kang, Hye-Rim Chung, Yeon-Joung Oh, Young-Suk Shim, Seung Yang, Il-Tae Hwang
BACKGROUND: To analyze predictive factors suggesting transient congenital hypothyroidism (TCH) compared to permanent congenital hypothyroidism (PCH) or transient thyroid function test (TFT) abnormalities among children who had positive screening results at our centers over the past decade. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 105 subjects who presented elevated TSH levels on a newborn screening test (NST) was done. TCH was defined when a trial-off therapy was successful, and PCH was defined when a trial failed or when the subject was kept on medication beyond 3 years of age...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427853/treatment-of-critical-hypercalcemia-using-pamidronate-in-acute-megakaryoblastic-leukemia-in-an-18-month-old-girl
#4
Tsung-Yen Chang, Tang-Her Jaing, Shih-Hsiang Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411088/hepatic-laceration-due-to-umbilical-venous-catheter-malpositioning
#5
Maria S Pignotti, Floriana Monciotti, Paola Frati, Vittorio Fineschi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411087/pediatric-extravasation-injury-management-a-survey-comparing-10-hospitals
#6
Daniel Ching, Kai Yuen Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385462/mediastinal-enteric-cysts-with-tracheobronchial-epithelium-in-a-neonate-a%C3%A2-rare-entity
#7
Ashlesha Kaushik, Adel Zauk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381365/alpha-thalassemia-major-and-restrictive-foramen-ovale-in-a-preterm-neonate-without-severe-hydrops-fetalis
#8
Shih-Yun Hsu, Shih-Hsiang Cheng, Ren-Huei Fu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395879/determination-of-tissue-hypoxia-by-physicochemical-approach-in-premature-anemia
#9
Zeliha Özdemir, Birgin Törer, Deniz Hanta, Bilin Cetinkaya, Hande Gulcan, Aylin Tarcan
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a common problem in premature infants and its most rapid and effective therapy is erythrocyte transfusion. However, owing to inherent risks of transfusion in this population, transfusions should be administered only when adequate oxygen delivery to tissues is impaired. The aim of this study was to determine tissue acid levels using Stewart method in an attempt to evaluate the tissue oxygenation level and thereby the accuracy of transfusion timing. METHODS: This study included 47 infants delivered at gestational age below 34 weeks who required erythrocyte transfusion for premature anemia...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351558/coagulation-defects-in-thalassemic-patients
#10
Mostafa M Abosdera, Alzahraa E Almasry, Ehab S Abdel-Moneim
BACKGROUND: Regular blood transfusion and compliance with iron chelation therapy has markedly improved life expectancy in thalassemia; however, this improvement is accompanied by several complications of this chronic disease including thromboembolic disorders. The objective of this work is to study natural coagulation inhibition as well as the fibrinolysis processes in thalassemic children who are otherwise in a steady state with no overt clinical manifestations of thromboembolism. METHODS: In a case-control study design conducted at Sohag University Hospital, Sohag, Egypt, 50 thalassemic children and 20 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were compared as regards prothrombin concentration, international normalized ratio, partial thromboplastin time, protein C, protein S, antithrombin III, D-dimers, and thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI)...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351556/diagnostic-value-of-bronchoalveolar-lavage%C3%A2-in-children-with-nonresponding-community-acquired-pneumonia
#11
Chih-Min Tsai, Kin-Sun Wong, Wei-Ju Lee, Kai-Sheng Hsieh, Pi-Lien Hung, Chen-Kuang Niu, Hong-Ren Yu
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized children. In CAP, causative agents are seldom identified using noninvasive diagnostic procedures. For those children not responding to empiric antibiotic therapy, it is vital to identify the causative pathogens for further management. METHODS: We aimed to determine the usefulness of identifying the causative agents by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in hospitalized children with nonresponding CAP...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330630/the-prevalence-of-undernutrition-upon-hospitalization-in-children-in-a-developing-country-a-single-hospital-study-from-malaysia
#12
Way-Seah Lee, Zulfadly Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Undernourished children who require hospital care have a longer duration of hospitalization and respond poorly to modern medical therapy. The objective of the present study was to ascertain the nutritional status of children admitted to a pediatric tertiary center in Malaysia and the risk factors leading to undernutrition upon admission. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, hospital-based study, anthropometric measurements [weight, length/height, mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), triceps skinfold thickness were performed in 285 children aged from 3 months to 15 years who were admitted to University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur in November 2013...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330580/biochemical-and-clinical-profiles-of-52-tunisian-patients-affected-by-zellweger-syndrome
#13
Fahmi Nasrallah, Wiem Zidi, Moncef Feki, Samia Kacem, Neji Tebib, Naziha Kaabachi
BACKGROUND: Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is a peroxisome biogenesis disorder attributed to a mutation of the PEX genes family. The incidence of this disease in Africa and the Arab world remains unknown. This contribution is aimed at describing the clinical phenotype and biochemical features in Tunisian patients with ZS in order to improve the detection and management of this severe disorder. METHODS: A total of 52 patients diagnosed with ZS and 60 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were included in this study...
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302469/umbilical-psoriasis-versus-tinea-corporis-in-infants-a-simple-clinical-diagnosis-image-view
#14
Anca Chiriac, Liliana Foia, Marius Florin Coros, Cristian Podoleanu, Simona Stolnicu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279666/pediatric-heart-failure-a-practical-guide-to-diagnosis-and-management
#15
REVIEW
Daniele Masarone, Fabio Valente, Marta Rubino, Rossella Vastarella, Rita Gravino, Alessandra Rea, Maria Giovanna Russo, Giuseppe Pacileo, Giuseppe Limongelli
Pediatric heart failure represents an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. Currently, there are well-established guidelines for the management of heart failure in the adult population, but an equivalent consensus in children is lacking. In the clinical setting, ensuring an accurate diagnosis and defining etiology is essential to optimal treatment. Diuretics and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition are the first-line therapies, whereas beta-blockers and devices for electric therapy are less used in children than in adults...
February 1, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254405/early-appendectomy-shortens-antibiotic-course-and-hospital-stay-in-children-with-early-perforated-appendicitis
#16
Hsin-Yu Tsai, Hsun-Chin Chao, Wan-Ju Yu
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of perforated appendicitis in the pediatric population has been controversial. This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy between conservative treatment (CS) and early appendectomy (EA) in pediatric perforated appendicitis, and to determine whether surgical intervention is an optimal treatment modality for early perforated appendicitis in children. METHODS: Patients treated between January 2012 and April 2014, aged 0-18 years, with an imaging-based diagnosis of perforated appendicitis were retrospectively reviewed...
February 1, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351557/a-right-model-provides-more-essential-information-about-the-disease
#17
EDITORIAL
Chen Chih-Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302470/hepatic-hemangioma-and-kasabach-merritt-phenomenon
#18
LETTER
Israel Fernandez-Pineda, Juan Carlos Lopez-Gutierrez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298256/awareness-of-mucopolysaccharidosis-in-an-otorhinolaryngologic-clinic
#19
LETTER
Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chih-Kuang Chuang, Kuo-Sheng Lee, Shuan-Pei Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283315/a-congenital-left-ventricular-aneurysm-a%C3%A2-cause-of-premature-ventricular-complex-in-a-premature-infant
#20
Wei-Li Hung, Shyh-Jye Chen, Shan-Miao Lin, Ming-Ren Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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