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Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT

Nicholas D Clement, Yuan X Nie, Julie M McBirnie
The aim of this review was to present an over view of degenerative rotator cuff tears and a suggested management protocol based upon current evidence. Degenerative rotator cuff tears are common and are a major cause of pain and shoulder dysfunction. The management of these tears is controversial, as to whether they should be managed non-operatively or operatively. In addition when operative intervention is undertaken, there is question as to what technique of repair should be used. This review describes the epidemiology and natural history of degenerative rotator cuff tears...
December 14, 2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Hiroyuki Fujioka, Kenjiro Tsunemi, Yohei Takagi, Juichi Tanaka
The present study is a report of retrospective case series of stress fracture of the olecranon. Six patients presented posterior elbow pain in throwing in baseball and softball, but fracture was not diagnosed in radiographs. We detected stress fracture of the olecranon using computed tomographic (CT) scan and treated the patient with internal fixation with a headless cannulated double threaded screw through a small skin incision. All patients returned to competitive level without elbow complaints after the operation...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Thomas P Goss, Xinning Li
The clavicle connects the shoulder girdle to the axial skeleton, providing support and mobility for optimal upper extremity function. Fractures of the clavicle account for up to 4% of all fractures and comprise up to 44% of all injuries to the shoulder girdle. We present a 63-year-old female patient who suffered what appeared to be a minimally displaced Type V lateral clavicle fracture after a fall as evidenced by an anteroposterior shoulder radiograph. However, an axillary projection demonstrated the proximal segment to be posteriorly displaced and buttonholed through the trapezius musculature with tenting of the skin...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Junsuke Nakase, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko Kitaoka
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x407c658) PURPOSE: The purpose of this present study was to examine contralateral ACL injury cases after ACL reconstruction, to determine the characteristics of such injuries. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 24 patients with contralateral ACL injury after ACL reconstruction. The control group consisted of 200 cases with unilateral ACL injury. The following were examined in the contralateral group: timing of the contralateral ACL injury, and the situations of the initial and contralateral ACL injuries...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Joseph Hamill, Christopher Palmer, Richard E A Van Emmerik
Overuse injuries are generally defined as a repetitive micro-trauma to tissue. Many researchers have associated particular biomechanical parameters as an indicator of such injuries. However, while these parameters have been reported in single studies, in many instances, it has been difficult to verify these parameters as causative to the injury. We have investigated overuse injuries, such as patella-femoral pain syndrome, using a dynamical systems approach. Using such methods, the importance of the structure of coordinative variability (i...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Kotaro Ikeda
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x3f61440) BACKGROUND: Achieving precise implant alignment is crucial for producing good outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). We introduce a simple method for confirming the accuracy of tibial osteotomy during TKA. FINDINGS: Two metallic markers were placed on the skin 20 cm apart, one on the tibial tuberosity and other on the tibial crest, points that are easily identified and palpated intraoperatively. Anteroposterior radiographs of the legs were obtained...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Tsutomu Oshigiri, Kota Watanabe, Hidenori Otsubo, Shintaro Takeda, Tomoyuki Suzuki, Takuma Kobayashi, Toshihiko Yamashita
A 49 year-old male visited a nearby clinic five years back with a complaint of pain in the right knee during exercise. Plain radiographs revealed absence of any anomalies. He began to feel a lumpy mass in his right knee two years back. The pain worsened, on imaging, an anomaly was identified in the infrapatellar fat pad of his right knee, and he was subsequently referred to our department where he was hospitalized. On examination, a mass extending on either side of the patellar tendon was identified along with rigid tenderness in that area...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Mandeep S Dhillon, Bhavuk Garg, Ritesh K Soni, Himmat Dhillon, Sharad Prabhakar
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x3ef6570) INTRODUCTION: Cricket is the most popular sport in India, and is gaining in importance in all south-east Asian countries. The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the incidence, nature, and site of acute upper limb injuries sustained by professional cricketers of north India over a period of one year. MATERIAL & METHODS: 95 cricket players (mean age 18.9 years) were prospectively evaluated for nature and incidence of upper limb injuries from 1st November 2008 to 31st October 2009...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Franz Christanell, Christian Hoser, Reinhard Huber, Christian Fink, Hannu Luomajoki
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x3eca9a0) BACKGROUND: Loss of knee extension and a deficit in quadriceps strength are frequently found following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the addition of Eletromyographic Biofeedback (EMG BFB) therapy for the vastus medialis muscle to the in the early phase of the standard rehabilitation programme could improve the range of knee extension and strength after ACL reconstruction more than a standard rehabilitation programme...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Amir M Navali, Leila Azhar Shekoufeh Bahari, Behrouz Nazari
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x3ea0390) BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the concurrent validity of alternative measures of frontal plane knee alignment, namely the radiographic anatomic axis and two clinical measures in patients complaining of knee malalignment as compared with the mechanical axis on full-length radiograph of lower limbs. METHODS: The knee-alignment angle was measured in 100 knees of 50 subjects with the chief complaint of frontal knee malalignment according to the following methods: lower-limb mechanical axis on radiograph, lower-limb anatomic axis on radiograph, distance between medial femoral condyles or medial malleoli using a calliper and lower-limb alignment using a goniometer...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Yasuo Niki, Hideo Matsumoto, Toshiro Otani, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Yoshiaki Toyama, Yasunori Suda
BACKGROUND: Consensus has been lacking as to how to reconstruct the posterolateral corner (PLC) of the knee in patients with posterolateral instability. We describe a new reconstructive technique for PLC based on Larson's method, which reflects the physiological load-sharing pattern of the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) and popliteofibular ligament (PFL). FINDINGS: Semitendinosus graft is harvested, and one limb of the graft comprises PFL and the other comprises LCL...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Jianlin Zuo, Hirotaka Sano, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Yoshimasa Sakoma, Nobuhisa Shinozaki, Yoshiaki Itoigawa, Rei Omi, Eiji Itoi
Osteonecrosis of the humeral head in an adolescent without clear pathogenesis has not been reported in the literature. In this case report, we present such a case of humeral head osteonecrosis in a 15-year-old adolescent. The lesion was located at the subchondral area of the medial part of the humeral head with characteristic appearances on MRI. The shoulder was immobilized in a sling until the pain disappeared, and the patient was told to refrain any kind of sport activities. Bone remodeling was noted five months after the first visit, and it took 2 years for the lesion to be totally healed...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Hideo Kobayashi, Naoto Mitsugi, Yuichi Mochida, Naoya Taki, Yasushi Akamatsu, Masato Aratake, Hirohiko Ota, Katsushi Ishii, Kengo Harigane, Taichi Ideno, Tomoyuki Saito
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x3e40918) BACKGROUND: The mobile bearing knee system was introduced to lessen contact stress on the articular bearing surface and reduce polyethylene wear. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the mid-term results of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) using Scorpio Plus Mobile Bearing Knee System (Stryker, Mahwah, NJ), and compare the outcomes between patients with osteoarthritis and osteonecrosis (OA·ON group) and patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA group)...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Hamish R Osborne, John F Quinlan, Garry T Allison
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x3df9a08) BACKGROUND: Hip abduction weakness has never been documented on a population basis as a common finding in a healthy group of athletes and would not normally be found in an elite adolescent athlete. This study aimed to show that hip abduction weakness not only occurs in this group but also is common and easy to correct with an unsupervised home based program. METHODS: A prospective sports team cohort based study was performed with thirty elite adolescent under-17 Australian Rules Footballers in the Australian Institute of Sport/Australian Football League Under-17 training academy...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Takuya Tajima, Etsuo Chosa, Keitarou Yamamoto, Katsuhiro Kawahara, Nami Yamaguchi, Shinji Watanabe
Recent years have seen ACL reconstruction performed in a broad range of patients, regardless of age, sex or occupation, thanks to great advances in surgical techniques, instrumentation and the basic research. Favorable results have been reported; however, we have not been able to locate any reports describing ACL reconstruction in patients with athetoid cerebral palsy.We present herein a previously unreported anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction performed in a patient with athetoid cerebral palsy...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Akira Tsujii, Yoshinari Tanaka, Yasukazu Yonetani, Yoshiki Shiozaki, Yoshiaki Tomiyama, Shuji Horibe
We report a thirteen-year-old tennis player with knee hemarthrosis caused by low factor XIII activity. She visited our hospital because of medial peripatellar pain for two years. Although there was no abnormal sign in X-ray or MRI, diagnostic arthroscopy was performed. It revealed some cartilage debris, medial plica and complete septum of suprapatellar plica. Removing the debris by washing out and resecting the medial plica, she could return to play tennis without perioperative symptom. Two months after the first operation, her knee got swelling without any apparent cause...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Shweta Shenoy, Bhupinder S Tyagi, Jaspal S Sandhu
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x425b7a8) BACKGROUND: Aerobic capacity (VO2max) is highly dependent upon body composition of an individual and body composition varies with ethnicity. The purpose of this study was to check the concurrent validity of the non-exercise prediction equation developed by Jackson and colleagues (1990) using percentage body fat as a variable in Asian Indian adults. METHODS: One hundred twenty college-aged participants (60 male, 60 female, mean age 22...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Giampietr L Vairo, Michele L Duffey, Brett D Owens, Kenneth L Cameron
BACKGROUND: The objective of this innovative research study was to describe clinical shoulder complex range of motion (ROM) measures for a young, healthy, and physically active population. This investigation represents a cross-sectional experiment conducted at a military academy-based sports medicine center. Military cadets with no history of shoulder complex injury were assessed within two months of enrollment in the academy; 548 men (18.8 ± 1.0 yr, 75.2 ± 12.2 kg, 178...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Ian G Horsley, James Pearson, Ann Green, Christer Rolf
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x43c9120) OBJECTIVE: To identify posture types that exist in professional rugby players, and compare them with a population of non-overhead athletes in order to identify possible relationships towards the potential for shoulder injuries. DESIGN: Observational design Setting: Sports Medicine Clinic Participants: Convenience sample Methodology: Static assessment of posture was carried out in standing, active and passive range of glenohumeral motion, and isometric strength was carried out in accordance with previously recorded protocols...
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
Yoshiteru Kajikawa, Yuji Arai, Hisatake Takamiya, Tetsuo Higuchi, Gen Mori, Shinsuke Morisaki, Toshikazu Kubo
To our knowledge, this is the first case of synovial osteochondromatosis in a patient presenting with a double patella-like condition. The true duplication of the patella, which is called double patella, is extremely rare. In our case, the operative and histopathological findings showed that the double patella-like condition was secondarily induced by synovial osteochondromatosis. Synovial osteochondromatosis should be considered as a differential diagnosis for congenital double patella.
2012: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology: SMARTT
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