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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479917/the-relationship-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-depression-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people
#1
Misa Nakamura, Hiroshi Hashizume, Sachiko Nomura, Ryohei Kono, Hirotoshi Utsunomiya
Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a concept that refers to the condition of people requiring healthcare services because of problems associated with locomotion. Depression is a major psychiatric disease among the elderly, in addition to dementia. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between LS and depression. The study participants were 224 healthy elderly volunteers living in a rural area in Japan. LS was defined as scores ≥ 16 on the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25)...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348584/age-friendliness-and-life-satisfaction-of-young-old-and-old-old-in-hong-kong
#2
Alma M L Au, Stephen C Y Chan, H M Yip, Jackie Y C Kwok, K Y Lai, K M Leung, Anita L F Lee, Daniel W L Lai, Teresa Tsien, Simon M K Lai
Age-friendliness, promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO), aims to enable and support individuals in different aspects of life for fostering life satisfaction and personal well-being as they age. We identified specific aspect(s) of age-friendliness associated with life satisfaction and examined similarities and differences in age-friendliness and life satisfaction in young-old and old-old adults. Six hundred and eighty-two ageing adults were asked to complete a survey questionnaire consisting of the Age-friendly City Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and sociodemographic variables...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321252/prevalence-of-anemia-among-older-adults-residing-in-the-coastal-and-andes-mountains-in-ecuador-results-of-the-sabe-survey
#3
Carlos H Orces
Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of anemia and its determinants among older adults in Ecuador. Methods. The present study was based on data from the National Survey of Health, Wellbeing, and Aging. Hemoglobin concentrations were adjusted by participants' smoking status and altitude of residence, and anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization criteria (<12 g/dL in women and <13 g/dL in men). Gender-specific logistic regression models were used to examine the association between demographic and health characteristics and anemia...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018428/pancreatic-surgery-in-the-older-population-a-single-institution-s-experience-over-two-decades
#4
Bhaumik Brahmbhatt, Abhishek Bhurwal, Frank J Lukens, Mauricia A Buchanan, John A Stauffer, Horacio J Asbun
Objectives. Surgery is the most effective treatment for pancreatic cancer. However, present literature varies on outcomes of curative pancreatic resection in the elderly. The objective of the study was to evaluate age as an independent risk factor for 90-day mortality and complications after pancreatic resection. Methods. Nine hundred twenty-nine consecutive patients underwent 934 pancreatic resections between March 1995 and July 2014 in a tertiary care center. Primary analyses focused on outcomes in terms of 90-day mortality and postoperative complications after pancreatic resection in these two age groups...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956896/sabe-colombia-survey-on-health-well-being-and-aging-in-colombia-study-design-and-protocol
#5
Fernando Gomez, Jairo Corchuelo, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Maria-Teresa Calzada, Fabian Mendez
Objective. To describe the design of the SABE Colombia study. The major health study of the old people in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging in LAC, SABE (from initials in Spanish: SAlud, Bienestar & Envejecimiento). Methods. The SABE Colombia is a population-based cross-sectional study on health, aging, and well-being of elderly individuals aged at least 60 years focusing attention on social determinants of health inequities. Methods and design were similar to original LAC SABE...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872641/muscle-functions-and-functional-performance-among-older-persons-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#6
Nor Azizah Ishak, Zarina Zahari, Maria Justine
This study aims to compare muscle functions and functional performances between older persons with and without low back pain (LBP) and to determine the association between muscle functions and functional performances. This is a cross-sectional study, involving 95 older persons (age = 70.27 ± 7.26 years). Anthropometric characteristics, muscle functions, and functional performances were measured. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple linear regression. The functional performances showed no significant differences (females LBP versus non-LBP, males LBP versus non-LBP) (p < 0...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843450/elder-orphans-hiding-in-plain-sight-a-growing-vulnerable-population
#7
Maria T Carney, Janice Fujiwara, Brian E Emmert, Tara A Liberman, Barbara Paris
Adults are increasingly aging alone with multiple chronic diseases and are geographically distant from family or friends. It is challenging for clinicians to identify these individuals, often struggling with managing the growing difficulties and the complexities involved in delivering care to this population. Clinicians often may not recognize or know how to address the needs that these patients have in managing their own health. While many such patients function well at baseline, the slightest insult can initiate a cascade of avoidable negative events...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667996/osteosarcopenic-obesity-syndrome-what-is-it-and-how-can-it-be-identified-and-diagnosed
#8
REVIEW
Jasminka Z Ilich, Owen J Kelly, Julia E Inglis
Conditions related to body composition and aging, such as osteopenic obesity, sarcopenia/sarcopenic obesity, and the newly termed osteosarcopenic obesity (triad of bone muscle and adipose tissue impairment), are beginning to gain recognition. However there is still a lack of definitive diagnostic criteria for these conditions. Little is known about the long-term impact of these combined conditions of osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and obesity in older adults. Many may go undiagnosed and progress untreated. Therefore, the objective of this research is to create diagnostic criteria for osteosarcopenic obesity in older women...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516773/the-association-between-different-levels-of-alcohol-use-and-gait-under-single-and-dual-task-in-community-dwelling-older-persons-aged-65-to-70-years
#9
Laurence Seematter-Bagnoud, Christophe Büla, Brigitte Santos-Eggimann
Objectives. This study aimed to describe the cross-sectional and longitudinal association between alcohol intake and gait parameters in older persons. Methods. Community-dwelling persons aged 65-70 years (N = 807). Information on health, functional status, and alcohol use was self-reported at baseline and at 3-year follow-up, whereas gait speed and stride-to-stride variability were measured while walking only (single task) and under dual tasking (counting backwards). Results. Compared to light-to-moderate drinking, heavy drinking was associated with slower gait speed in single task (adj...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493663/does-frailty-predict-health-care-utilization-in-community-living-older-romanians
#10
Marinela Olaroiu, Minerva Ghinescu, Viorica Naumov, Ileana Brinza, Wim van den Heuvel
Background. The predictive value of frailty assessment is still debated. We analyzed the predictive value of frailty of independent living elderly. The outcomes variables were visits to the general practitioner, hospital admission, and occurrence of new health problems. Methods. A one-year follow-up study was executed among 215 community-living old Romanians. General practitioners reported the outcome variables of patients, whose frailty was assessed one year before, using the Groningen Frailty Indicator. The predictive validity is analyzed by descriptive and regression analysis...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247571/development-and-evaluation-of-an-online-fall-risk-questionnaire-for-nonfrail-community-dwelling-elderly-persons-a-pilot-study
#11
Seraina Obrist, Slavko Rogan, Roger Hilfiker
Introduction. Falls are frequent in older adults and may have serious consequences but awareness of fall-risk is often low. A questionnaire might raise awareness of fall-risk; therefore we set out to construct and test such a questionnaire. Methods. Fall-risk factors and their odds ratios were extracted from meta-analyses and a questionnaire was devised to cover these risk factors. A formula to estimate the probability of future falls was set up using the extracted odds ratios. The understandability of the questionnaire and discrimination and calibration of the prediction formula were tested in a cohort study with a six-month follow-up...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195007/do-aging-and-tactile-noise-stimulation-affect-responses-to-support-surface-translations-in-healthy-adults
#12
Marius Dettmer, Amir Pourmoghaddam, Beom-Chan Lee, Charles S Layne
Appropriate neuromuscular responses to support surface perturbations are crucial to prevent falls, but aging-related anatomical and physiological changes affect the appropriateness and efficiency of such responses. Low-level noise application to sensory receptors has shown to be effective for postural improvement in a variety of different balance tasks, but it is unknown whether this intervention may have value for improvement of corrective postural responses. Ten healthy younger and ten healthy older adults were exposed to sudden backward translations of the support surface...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27143967/associations-between-tactile-sensory-threshold-and-postural-performance-and-effects-of-healthy-aging-and-subthreshold-vibrotactile-stimulation-on-postural-outcomes-in-a-simple-dual-task
#13
Marius Dettmer, Amir Pourmoghaddam, Beom-Chan Lee, Charles S Layne
Specific activities that require concurrent processing of postural and cognitive tasks may increase the risk for falls in older adults. We investigated whether peripheral receptor sensitivity was associated with postural performance in a dual-task and whether an intervention in form of subthreshold vibration could affect performance. Ten younger (age: 20-35 years) and ten older adults (70-85 years) performed repeated auditory-verbal 1-back tasks while standing quietly on a force platform. Foot sole vibration was randomly added during several trials...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127504/bone-mineral-density-in-the-noninstitutionalized-elderly-influence-of-sociodemographic-and-anthropometric-factors
#14
Ellen Cristina de Sousa E Silva Araujo, Valéria Pagotto, Erika Aparecida Silveira
Objective. Analysis of bone mineral density (BMD) in the elderly and its associated factors according to sex. Methods. A cross-sectional study is presented herein, with a random sample of 132 noninstitutionalized elderly people. Individuals who did not use diuretics were excluded. BMD was obtained from examination of total body densitometry and its association with sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, anthropometric, and body composition was verified. Results. Mean BMD for men was 1.17 ± 0.12 g/cm(2) and for women was 1...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042177/a-study-on-mortality-profile-among-fifty-plus-50-population-fpp-of-india-a-5-year-retrospective-study-at-new-delhi-district
#15
B L Chaudhary, Raghvendra K Vidua, Arvind Kumar, Amrita V Bajaj
Objectives. To find out the mortality profile vis-a-vis different epidemiological factors at the time of autopsy among the 50+-Population. Material and Method. A five-year retrospective evaluation of medicolegal records between 2006 and 2010 was done at Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi. Results. A total of 493 (17.78%) cases belonged to 50+-Population age group out of total 2773 autopsies performed. The proportion of unidentified/unknown persons among this age group was 36.51%. The unnatural and natural causes constituted 44...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966433/clinical-screening-tools-for-sarcopenia-and-its-management
#16
REVIEW
Solomon C Y Yu, Kareeann S F Khow, Agathe D Jadczak, Renuka Visvanathan
Sarcopenia, an age-related decline in muscle mass and function, is affecting the older population worldwide. Sarcopenia is associated with poor health outcomes, such as falls, disability, loss of independence, and mortality; however it is potentially treatable if recognized and intervened early. Over the last two decades, there has been significant expansion of research in this area. Currently there is international recognition of a need to identify the condition early for intervention and prevention of the disastrous consequences of sarcopenia if left untreated...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949391/gun-access-and-safety-practices-among-older-adults
#17
Hillary D Lum, Hanna K Flaten, Marian E Betz
Background. Given high rates of gun ownership among older adults, geriatric providers can assess firearm safety practices using a "5 Ls" approach: Locked; Loaded; Little children; feeling Low; and Learned owner. This study describes gun access and the "5 Ls" among US older adults. Methods. Data on the "5 Ls" from the Second Injury Control and Risk Survey (ICARIS-2), a national telephone survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, were analyzed. Weighted variables were used to generate national estimates regarding prevalence of gun ownership and associated gun safety among older adults (≥55 years)...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941795/caregiver-stigma-and-burden-in-memory-disorders-an-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-caregiver-type-and-gender
#18
Phoebe V Kahn, Heather A Wishart, Jennifer S Randolph, Robert B Santulli
Despite considerable gains in public awareness of dementia, dementia patients and their caregivers continue to be stigmatized. Previous work has explored stigma and burden among adult children of persons with dementia in Israel, but no similar data exist for spousal caregivers or caregivers in general in the United States. This study examines the differences in stigma and burden experienced by spousal and adult child caregivers and male and female caregivers of persons with dementia. Eighty-two caregivers were given the Zarit Burden Inventory Short Form (ZBI) and the Caregiver Section of the Family Stigma in Alzheimer's Disease Scale (FS-ADS-C)...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880907/subjective-memory-complaint-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-adults-in-portugal
#19
Mónica Sousa, Anabela Pereira, Rui Costa
Background. Older adults report subjective memory complaints (SMCs) but whether these are related to depression remains controversial. In this study we investigated the relationship between the SMCs and depression and their predictors in a sample of old adults. Methods. This cross-sectional study enrolled 620 participants aged 55 to 96 years (74.04 ± 10.41). Outcome measures included a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, a SMC scale (QSM), a Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), a Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), and a Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)...
2015: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26843861/a-cross-sectional-study-of-self-rated-health-among-older-adults-association-with-drinking-profiles-and-other-determinants-of-health
#20
Pascale Audrey Moriconi, Louise Nadeau
This study compares the relationship between drinking profiles and self-rated health with and without adjusting for other determinants of health among a sample of older adults from the general population. Respondents were 1,494 men and 2,176 women aged between 55 and 74 from the GENACIS Canadian survey. The dependent variable was self-rated health, an individual's perception of his or her own general health, a measure used as a proxy for health status. The independent variables were drinking profiles (types of drinkers and nondrinkers) as well as other demographic, psychosocial, and health-related variables (control variables)...
2015: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
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