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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research

Chih-Ling Liou, Shannon Jarrott
Studies have examined the impact of environments on long-term care residents' quality of life; however, environment gets little attention in adult day services (ADS). The current study gives voice to clients and staff by capturing their perceptions of the physical and social environments of their ADS centers. Data were collected from 23 interviews with staff and clients and 270 hours of participant observations at two ADS centers in Taiwan. The authors triangulated field notes with interview transcriptions and analyzed them with the Grounded Theory coding procedure method...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Toshiki Maeda, Akira Babazono, Takumi Nishi
Background: This study aimed to investigate the rate of first-generation H1-antihistamines use for older adults with dementia in Japan. Methods: The study design was retrospective cohort using claims data between fiscal years 2010 and 2013. Subjects were 75 years or older, diagnosed with dementia, and given H1-antihistamines orally during the study period after being diagnosed with dementia. We investigated the cumulative number of oral H1-antihistamines administered and the relationship between first-generation H1-antihistamine use and each explanatory variable using crude and adjusted odds ratio...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Siew Kwaon Lui, Minh Ha Nguyen
There have been many advances in management of cerebrovascular diseases. However, stroke is still one of the leading causes of disabilities and mortality worldwide with significant socioeconomic burden. This review summarizes the consequences of stroke in the elderly, predictors of stroke rehabilitation outcomes, role of rehabilitation in neuronal recovery, importance of stroke rehabilitation units, and types of rehabilitation resources and services available in Singapore. We also present the challenges faced by the elderly stroke survivors in the local setting and propose strategies to overcome the barriers to rehabilitation in this aging population...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Rosa Marina Afonso, Oscar Ribeiro, Maria Vaz Patto, Marli Loureiro, Manuel Joaquim Loureiro, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Susana Patrício, Sara Alvarinhas, Tatiana Tomáz, Clara Rocha, Ana Margarida Jerónimo, Fátima Gouveia, Ana Paula Amaral
The interest in studying a specific population of centenarians who lives in the country's interior region (PT100-BI) emerged during the first Portuguese systematic study about centenarians (PT100 Oporto Centenarian Study). This region of Portugal is predominantly rural and is one of the regions with the largest number of aged people. The aim of this study is to provide information on the centenarians who live in the Beira Interior region, specifically in terms of their health status and the health services they use...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Pınar Henden Çam, Ahmet Baydin, Savaş Yürüker, Ali Kemal Erenler, Erdinç Şengüldür
Introduction: The aim of this study is to detect the possible reasons of abdominal pain in the patients aged 65 and older admitted to emergency department (ED) with complaint of abdominal pain which is not related to trauma, to determine the length of hospitalization of old (65-75 age) and elderly (aged 75 and older) patients, and to define the hospitalization and mortality rates. Material and Methods: In the study, 336 patients were included. Groups were compared in respect to gender, internal or surgical prediagnoses, complaints accompanying abdominal pain, vital findings, comorbidities, requested consultations, hospitalizing service, waiting time in the ED and in the hospital, and treatment methods...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Nirmala Gamage, Nirmala Rathnayake, Gayani Alwis
The knowledge and perception of falls facilitate a better pathway to improve the health status among the elderly. Knowledge and perception of falls among community dwelling elderly were assessed in 300 participants (175 females) aged 65 years and above using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Mean (SD) age of the participants was 73.0 (6.7) years. Majority (72%) knew some biological factors, and 60% knew environmental and behavioral factors which increase the risk of falls. Among 300 participants, 18% had poor, 61% had average, and 21% had good knowledge on falls...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Antonios A Mougias, Foteini Christidi, Evaggelia Kontogianni, Elena Skaltsounaki, Anastasios Politis, Antonios Politis
Background: Informant-based rating scales are widely used in dementia but patients' and caregivers' features influence the final scoring. We aimed to evaluate the role of patient- and caregiver-related factors in a caregiver rated Global Deterioration Scale (GDS) score in a sample of Greek patients with dementia. Methods: We included 194 patients with dementia and 194 caregivers/family relatives; Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE); Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI); Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living (K-IADL) were administered to (a) patients and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) Scale; Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) to (b) caregivers...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
Objective: To assess the prevalence and health correlates of fall-related injury in a national population-based community-dwelling sample of older Indonesians. Methods: Participants were 6698 older adults, 50 years and older (median age 58.0 years, IQR=11.0, and age range of 50-101 years), who took part in in the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS-5) in 2014-15. They provided information about sociodemographic, various health variables, including a falling down and received treatment history in the last two years...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Somayeh Fahimnia, Hadi Mirhedayati Roudsari, John Doucette, Armin Shahrokni
Falls are common among older adults. However, not much is known about the prevalence of falls among older patients with cancer. In 2015, older patients with cancer referred to Geriatrics service for preoperative evaluation were assessed for fall history, basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL and IADL), KPS, and use of assistive device. Of 806 patients, 215 (26.7%) patients reported fall. Incidence of last fall inside and outside home was 54.4% and 45.5%, respectively. Among patients with no falls, 33...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Faith Nawagi, Martin Söderberg, Vanja Berggren, Patrik Midlöv, Aidah Ajambo, Noeline Nakasujja
Aging entails health challenges globally, but pertinent data from low-income countries like Uganda remains scarce. A cross-sectional study was carried out at Mulago National Referral Hospital in Kampala, among 134 patients (38% men and 62% women) aged ≥60 years. Data was collected on sociodemographic characteristics, medical disorders, cognitive function, hearing handicap, and functional status, that is, Basic Activities of Daily Living (BADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). The participants had high independency in BADL (89%) and IADL (75%)...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
C Merla, A Wickson-Griffiths, S Kaasalainen, V Dal Bello-Haas, L Banfield, T Hadjistavropoulos, E Di Sante
This scoping review explores circumstances surrounding the decision about, and eventual experience of, transitioning older adults into alternative levels of housing (ALH), such as long-term care. This topic is examined from a family member perspective, given their exposure and involvement in the care of older adult relatives during this transitional period. The scoping review methodology is based on the framework of Arksey and O'Malley and subsequent recommendations from Levac, Colquhoun, and O'Brien. Approximately 470 articles were reviewed covering the period between 2000 and November 2014; 37 articles met inclusion criteria...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Ghalib A Bello, Roberto G Lucchini, Susan L Teitelbaum, Moshe Shapiro, Michael A Crane, Andrew C Todd
Responders to the 9/11/2001 WTC attacks were exposed to multiple toxic pollutants. Since 2002, the health of the responder cohort has been continuously tracked by the WTC Health Monitoring Program. However, no assessments have been made of frailty, an important health metric given the current average age of the WTC responder cohort (55 years). In this study, we use laboratory test results and other physiological parameters to construct a physiological frailty index (FI-Lab) for this cohort. The study sample comprised responders aged 40 years or older who completed a health monitoring visit at Mount Sinai Center within the past 5 years...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Mulugeta Melku, Wondimu Asefa, Ahmed Mohamednur, Tesfahun Getachew, Bayechish Bazezew, Meseret Workineh, Bamlaku Enawgaw, Belete Biadgo, Zegeye Getaneh, Debasu Damtie, Betelihem Terefe
Objective: This study is aimed at assessing the magnitude and its associated factors of anemia in geriatric population visiting outpatient department at the University of Gondar referral hospital, northwest Ethiopia. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among elder patients in Gondar town, North Gondar District, in May 2013. A total of 200 randomly selected geriatric population participated in the study. Summary statistics were computed and presented in tables and figure...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Ioannis Vrettos, Panagiota Voukelatou, Apostolos Katsoras, Despoina Theotoka, Andreas Kalliakmanis
Introduction: Polypharmacy in several cases is deemed necessary and elderly patients are prone to this phenomenon. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and the predictors of polypharmacy among consecutively unplanned admissions of patients aged ≥65 years. Patients and Methods: In 310 patients (51% women), mean age 80.24 years (95% CI 79.35-81.10), demographic characteristics, medical history, medications, and cause of admission were recorded...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Vera Elizabeth Closs, Patricia Klarmann Ziegelmann, João Henrique Ferreira Flores, Irenio Gomes, Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke
Purpose: Anthropometry is a useful tool for assessing some risk factors for frailty. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the discriminatory performance of anthropometric measures in identifying frailty in the elderly and to create an easy-to-use tool. Methods: Cross-sectional study: a subset from the Multidimensional Study of the Elderly in the Family Health Strategy (EMI-SUS) evaluating 538 older adults. Individuals were classified using the Fried Phenotype criteria, and 26 anthropometric measures were obtained...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Josefina Santos, Isabel Fonseca
Mortality in chronic kidney disease remains high, particularly among the elderly, who represent the most rapidly growing segment of the end-stage renal disease population in wealthier countries. The management of older adults with chronic kidney disease has become a clinical challenge, and care for those patients expected to progress to end-stage renal disease should focus on evaluating the overall benefit of offering renal replacement therapy to them. Predictive mortality models may help to inform shared decision-making in the trajectory of the elderly with chronic kidney disease...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Elisabeth S Young, May J Reed, Tam N Pham, Joel A Gross, Lisa A Taitsman, Stephen J Kaplan
Background: Older trauma patients often undergo computed tomography (CT) as part of the initial work-up. CT imaging can also be used opportunistically to measure bone density and assess osteoporosis. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, osteoporosis was ascertained from admission CT scans in women aged ≥65 admitted to the ICU for traumatic injury during a 3-year period at a single, safety-net, level 1 trauma center. Osteoporosis was defined by established CT-based criteria of average L1 vertebral body Hounsfield units <110...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Junaiti Sahar, Ni Made Riasmini, Dwi Nurviyandari Kusumawati, Erna Erawati
Although self-help group for older people gains the effectiveness, the effect of a nursing intervention using a self-help group model as a guideline for self-monitoring and intervention on the health status and life satisfaction among older people still remains. To determine the effectiveness of this nursing intervention, an experimental design using multistage sampling method was used for this study. The self-help intervention included a single 50-70-minute session once a week for 12 weeks done, using the Life Satisfaction Inventory-A (LSI-A) questionnaire, and SF-36 shows a significant difference...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Marinela Olaroiu, Ioana Dana Alexa, Wim J A van den Heuvel
Objectives: Ageing of societies causes serious political concerns on well-being of old citizens and care for the (frail) old. These concerns increased with the economic crisis of 2008. In European countries policy measures were taken to deal with the consequences of this crisis. This study explores the possible effects of these measures on life satisfaction of older citizens. Methods: Life satisfaction was assessed through international surveys in 2007 and 2013 and changes in societal conditions, using eight indicators on demography, welfare, and health, are assessed in 31 European countries in 2006 and in 2014...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
Huijin Lau, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Nor Fadilah Rajab, Suzana Shahar
The increase of ageing population has raised public attention on the concept of successful ageing. Studies have shown that vitamin D, telomere length, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been associated with cognitive function. Therefore, this study aimed to identify neuroprotective factors for cognitive decline in different ageing groups. A total of 300 older adults aged 60 years and above were recruited in this population based cross-sectional study. Participants were categorized into three groups: mild cognitive impairment (MCI) ( n = 100), usual ageing (UA) ( n = 100), and successful ageing (SA) ( n = 100)...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
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