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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30008746/reaching-100-in-the-countryside-health-profile-and-living-circumstances-of-portuguese-centenarians-from-the-beira-interior-region
#1
Rosa Marina Afonso, Oscar Ribeiro, Maria Vaz Patto, Marli Loureiro, Manuel Joaquim Loureiro, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Susana Patrício, Sara Alvarinhas, Tatiana Tomáz, Clara Rocha, Ana Margarida Jerónimo, Fátima Gouveia, Ana Paula Amaral
The interest in studying a specific population of centenarians who lives in the country's interior region (PT100-BI) emerged during the first Portuguese systematic study about centenarians (PT100 Oporto Centenarian Study). This region of Portugal is predominantly rural and is one of the regions with the largest number of aged people. The aim of this study is to provide information on the centenarians who live in the Beira Interior region, specifically in terms of their health status and the health services they use...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002677/investigation-of-geriatric-patients-with-abdominal-pain-admitted-to-emergency-department
#2
Pınar Henden Çam, Ahmet Baydin, Savaş Yürüker, Ali Kemal Erenler, Erdinç Şengüldür
Introduction: The aim of this study is to detect the possible reasons of abdominal pain in the patients aged 65 and older admitted to emergency department (ED) with complaint of abdominal pain which is not related to trauma, to determine the length of hospitalization of old (65-75 age) and elderly (aged 75 and older) patients, and to define the hospitalization and mortality rates. Material and Methods: In the study, 336 patients were included. Groups were compared in respect to gender, internal or surgical prediagnoses, complaints accompanying abdominal pain, vital findings, comorbidities, requested consultations, hospitalizing service, waiting time in the ED and in the hospital, and treatment methods...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002676/knowledge-and-perception-of-falls-among-community-dwelling-elderly-a-study-from-southern-sri-lanka
#3
Nirmala Gamage, Nirmala Rathnayake, Gayani Alwis
The knowledge and perception of falls facilitate a better pathway to improve the health status among the elderly. Knowledge and perception of falls among community dwelling elderly were assessed in 300 participants (175 females) aged 65 years and above using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Mean (SD) age of the participants was 73.0 (6.7) years. Majority (72%) knew some biological factors, and 60% knew environmental and behavioral factors which increase the risk of falls. Among 300 participants, 18% had poor, 61% had average, and 21% had good knowledge on falls...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971098/patient-and-caregiver-related-factors-associated-with-caregiver-assessed-global-deterioration-scale-scoring-in-demented-patients
#4
Antonios A Mougias, Foteini Christidi, Evaggelia Kontogianni, Elena Skaltsounaki, Anastasios Politis, Antonios Politis
Background: Informant-based rating scales are widely used in dementia but patients' and caregivers' features influence the final scoring. We aimed to evaluate the role of patient- and caregiver-related factors in a caregiver rated Global Deterioration Scale (GDS) score in a sample of Greek patients with dementia. Methods: We included 194 patients with dementia and 194 caregivers/family relatives; Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE); Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI); Katz Index of Activities of Daily Living (K-IADL) were administered to (a) patients and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) Scale; Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) to (b) caregivers...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971097/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-injurious-falls-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-indonesia
#5
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer
Objective: To assess the prevalence and health correlates of fall-related injury in a national population-based community-dwelling sample of older Indonesians. Methods: Participants were 6698 older adults, 50 years and older (median age 58.0 years, IQR=11.0, and age range of 50-101 years), who took part in in the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS-5) in 2014-15. They provided information about sociodemographic, various health variables, including a falling down and received treatment history in the last two years...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887887/falls-in-older-patients-with-cancer-undergoing-surgery-prevalence-and-association-with-geriatric-syndromes-and-levels-of-disability-assessed-in-preoperative-evaluation
#6
Somayeh Fahimnia, Hadi Mirhedayati Roudsari, John Doucette, Armin Shahrokni
Falls are common among older adults. However, not much is known about the prevalence of falls among older patients with cancer. In 2015, older patients with cancer referred to Geriatrics service for preoperative evaluation were assessed for fall history, basic and instrumental activities of daily living (ADL and IADL), KPS, and use of assistive device. Of 806 patients, 215 (26.7%) patients reported fall. Incidence of last fall inside and outside home was 54.4% and 45.5%, respectively. Among patients with no falls, 33...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861722/sociodemographic-characteristics-and-health-profile-of-the-elderly-seeking-health-care-in-kampala-uganda
#7
Faith Nawagi, Martin Söderberg, Vanja Berggren, Patrik Midlöv, Aidah Ajambo, Noeline Nakasujja
Aging entails health challenges globally, but pertinent data from low-income countries like Uganda remains scarce. A cross-sectional study was carried out at Mulago National Referral Hospital in Kampala, among 134 patients (38% men and 62% women) aged ≥60 years. Data was collected on sociodemographic characteristics, medical disorders, cognitive function, hearing handicap, and functional status, that is, Basic Activities of Daily Living (BADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). The participants had high independency in BADL (89%) and IADL (75%)...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681932/perspective-of-family-members-of-transitions-to-alternative-levels-of-care-in-anglo-saxon-countries
#8
REVIEW
C Merla, A Wickson-Griffiths, S Kaasalainen, V Dal Bello-Haas, L Banfield, T Hadjistavropoulos, E Di Sante
This scoping review explores circumstances surrounding the decision about, and eventual experience of, transitioning older adults into alternative levels of housing (ALH), such as long-term care. This topic is examined from a family member perspective, given their exposure and involvement in the care of older adult relatives during this transitional period. The scoping review methodology is based on the framework of Arksey and O'Malley and subsequent recommendations from Levac, Colquhoun, and O'Brien. Approximately 470 articles were reviewed covering the period between 2000 and November 2014; 37 articles met inclusion criteria...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681931/development-of-a-physiological-frailty-index-for-the-world-trade-center-general-responder-cohort
#9
Ghalib A Bello, Roberto G Lucchini, Susan L Teitelbaum, Moshe Shapiro, Michael A Crane, Andrew C Todd
Responders to the 9/11/2001 WTC attacks were exposed to multiple toxic pollutants. Since 2002, the health of the responder cohort has been continuously tracked by the WTC Health Monitoring Program. However, no assessments have been made of frailty, an important health metric given the current average age of the WTC responder cohort (55 years). In this study, we use laboratory test results and other physiological parameters to construct a physiological frailty index (FI-Lab) for this cohort. The study sample comprised responders aged 40 years or older who completed a health monitoring visit at Mount Sinai Center within the past 5 years...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535765/magnitude-of-anemia-in-geriatric-population-visiting-outpatient-department-at-the-university-of-gondar-referral-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-implication-for-community-based-screening
#10
Mulugeta Melku, Wondimu Asefa, Ahmed Mohamednur, Tesfahun Getachew, Bayechish Bazezew, Meseret Workineh, Bamlaku Enawgaw, Belete Biadgo, Zegeye Getaneh, Debasu Damtie, Betelihem Terefe
Objective: This study is aimed at assessing the magnitude and its associated factors of anemia in geriatric population visiting outpatient department at the University of Gondar referral hospital, northwest Ethiopia. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among elder patients in Gondar town, North Gondar District, in May 2013. A total of 200 randomly selected geriatric population participated in the study. Summary statistics were computed and presented in tables and figure...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434639/diseases-linked-to-polypharmacy-in-elderly-patients
#11
Ioannis Vrettos, Panagiota Voukelatou, Apostolos Katsoras, Despoina Theotoka, Andreas Kalliakmanis
Introduction: Polypharmacy in several cases is deemed necessary and elderly patients are prone to this phenomenon. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and the predictors of polypharmacy among consecutively unplanned admissions of patients aged ≥65 years. Patients and Methods: In 310 patients (51% women), mean age 80.24 years (95% CI 79.35-81.10), demographic characteristics, medical history, medications, and cause of admission were recorded...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358947/anthropometric-measures-and-frailty-prediction-in-the-elderly-an-easy-to-use-tool
#12
Vera Elizabeth Closs, Patricia Klarmann Ziegelmann, João Henrique Ferreira Flores, Irenio Gomes, Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke
Purpose: Anthropometry is a useful tool for assessing some risk factors for frailty. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the discriminatory performance of anthropometric measures in identifying frailty in the elderly and to create an easy-to-use tool. Methods: Cross-sectional study: a subset from the Multidimensional Study of the Elderly in the Family Health Strategy (EMI-SUS) evaluating 538 older adults. Individuals were classified using the Fried Phenotype criteria, and 26 anthropometric measures were obtained...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317867/incorporating-scoring-risk-models-for-care-planning-of-the-elderly-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
REVIEW
Josefina Santos, Isabel Fonseca
Mortality in chronic kidney disease remains high, particularly among the elderly, who represent the most rapidly growing segment of the end-stage renal disease population in wealthier countries. The management of older adults with chronic kidney disease has become a clinical challenge, and care for those patients expected to progress to end-stage renal disease should focus on evaluating the overall benefit of offering renal replacement therapy to them. Predictive mortality models may help to inform shared decision-making in the trajectory of the elderly with chronic kidney disease...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234352/assessment-of-osteoporosis-in-injured-older-women-admitted-to-a-safety-net-level-one-trauma-center-a-unique-opportunity-to-fulfill-an-unmet-need
#14
Elisabeth S Young, May J Reed, Tam N Pham, Joel A Gross, Lisa A Taitsman, Stephen J Kaplan
Background: Older trauma patients often undergo computed tomography (CT) as part of the initial work-up. CT imaging can also be used opportunistically to measure bone density and assess osteoporosis. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, osteoporosis was ascertained from admission CT scans in women aged ≥65 admitted to the ICU for traumatic injury during a 3-year period at a single, safety-net, level 1 trauma center. Osteoporosis was defined by established CT-based criteria of average L1 vertebral body Hounsfield units <110...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225621/improved-health-status-and-life-satisfaction-among-older-people-following-self-help-group-intervention-in-jakarta
#15
Junaiti Sahar, Ni Made Riasmini, Dwi Nurviyandari Kusumawati, Erna Erawati
Although self-help group for older people gains the effectiveness, the effect of a nursing intervention using a self-help group model as a guideline for self-monitoring and intervention on the health status and life satisfaction among older people still remains. To determine the effectiveness of this nursing intervention, an experimental design using multistage sampling method was used for this study. The self-help intervention included a single 50-70-minute session once a week for 12 weeks done, using the Life Satisfaction Inventory-A (LSI-A) questionnaire, and SF-36 shows a significant difference...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147112/do-changes-in-welfare-and-health-policy-affect-life-satisfaction-of-older-citizens-in-europe
#16
Marinela Olaroiu, Ioana Dana Alexa, Wim J A van den Heuvel
Objectives: Ageing of societies causes serious political concerns on well-being of old citizens and care for the (frail) old. These concerns increased with the economic crisis of 2008. In European countries policy measures were taken to deal with the consequences of this crisis. This study explores the possible effects of these measures on life satisfaction of older citizens. Methods: Life satisfaction was assessed through international surveys in 2007 and 2013 and changes in societal conditions, using eight indicators on demography, welfare, and health, are assessed in 31 European countries in 2006 and in 2014...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109736/identification-of-neuroprotective-factors-associated-with-successful-ageing-and-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-among-malaysia-older-adults
#17
Huijin Lau, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Nor Fadilah Rajab, Suzana Shahar
The increase of ageing population has raised public attention on the concept of successful ageing. Studies have shown that vitamin D, telomere length, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been associated with cognitive function. Therefore, this study aimed to identify neuroprotective factors for cognitive decline in different ageing groups. A total of 300 older adults aged 60 years and above were recruited in this population based cross-sectional study. Participants were categorized into three groups: mild cognitive impairment (MCI) ( n = 100), usual ageing (UA) ( n = 100), and successful ageing (SA) ( n = 100)...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694824/burden-and-correlates-of-falls-among-rural-elders-of-south-india-mobility-and-independent-living-in-elders-study
#18
Pawan Kumar Sharma, Clareann H Bunker, Tushar Singh, Enakshi Ganguly, P Sudhakar Reddy, Anne B Newman, Jane A Cauley
AIM: Falls are an important contributor to loss of function, morbidity, and mortality in elders. Little is known about falls in Indian populations. The objective of this cross-sectional report was to identify the prevalence and correlates of falls in a cohort of 562 rural southern Indian men and women. METHODS: Risk factors included demographics, anthropometrics, self-reported health, medical history, physical function, vision, depression, and lifestyle. Odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634490/associations-of-pet-ownership-with-older-adults-eating-patterns-and-health
#19
Roschelle Heuberger
Pet ownership has been shown to improve quality of life for older adults. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to compare older pet owners and older non-pet owners and assess differences between groups. This study was conducted on adults over 50 years of age, who owned either one cat or one dog versus nonowners based on age, race, gender, and education. Matched older pet owners (OPO) versus non-pet owners (NPO) pairs (n = 84), older cat owners (OCO) versus non-cat owners (NCO) (n = 29), and older dog owners (ODO) versus non-dog owners (NDO) pairs (n = 55) were analyzed...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479917/the-relationship-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-depression-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people
#20
Misa Nakamura, Hiroshi Hashizume, Sachiko Nomura, Ryohei Kono, Hirotoshi Utsunomiya
Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a concept that refers to the condition of people requiring healthcare services because of problems associated with locomotion. Depression is a major psychiatric disease among the elderly, in addition to dementia. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between LS and depression. The study participants were 224 healthy elderly volunteers living in a rural area in Japan. LS was defined as scores ≥ 16 on the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25)...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
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