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Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681932/perspective-of-family-members-of-transitions-to-alternative-levels-of-care-in-anglo-saxon-countries
#1
REVIEW
C Merla, A Wickson-Griffiths, S Kaasalainen, V Dal Bello-Haas, L Banfield, T Hadjistavropoulos, E Di Sante
This scoping review explores circumstances surrounding the decision about, and eventual experience of, transitioning older adults into alternative levels of housing (ALH), such as long-term care. This topic is examined from a family member perspective, given their exposure and involvement in the care of older adult relatives during this transitional period. The scoping review methodology is based on the framework of Arksey and O'Malley and subsequent recommendations from Levac, Colquhoun, and O'Brien. Approximately 470 articles were reviewed covering the period between 2000 and November 2014; 37 articles met inclusion criteria...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681931/development-of-a-physiological-frailty-index-for-the-world-trade-center-general-responder-cohort
#2
Ghalib A Bello, Roberto G Lucchini, Susan L Teitelbaum, Moshe Shapiro, Michael A Crane, Andrew C Todd
Responders to the 9/11/2001 WTC attacks were exposed to multiple toxic pollutants. Since 2002, the health of the responder cohort has been continuously tracked by the WTC Health Monitoring Program. However, no assessments have been made of frailty, an important health metric given the current average age of the WTC responder cohort (55 years). In this study, we use laboratory test results and other physiological parameters to construct a physiological frailty index (FI-Lab) for this cohort. The study sample comprised responders aged 40 years or older who completed a health monitoring visit at Mount Sinai Center within the past 5 years...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535765/magnitude-of-anemia-in-geriatric-population-visiting-outpatient-department-at-the-university-of-gondar-referral-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-implication-for-community-based-screening
#3
Mulugeta Melku, Wondimu Asefa, Ahmed Mohamednur, Tesfahun Getachew, Bayechish Bazezew, Meseret Workineh, Bamlaku Enawgaw, Belete Biadgo, Zegeye Getaneh, Debasu Damtie, Betelihem Terefe
Objective: This study is aimed at assessing the magnitude and its associated factors of anemia in geriatric population visiting outpatient department at the University of Gondar referral hospital, northwest Ethiopia. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among elder patients in Gondar town, North Gondar District, in May 2013. A total of 200 randomly selected geriatric population participated in the study. Summary statistics were computed and presented in tables and figure...
2018: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434639/diseases-linked-to-polypharmacy-in-elderly-patients
#4
Ioannis Vrettos, Panagiota Voukelatou, Apostolos Katsoras, Despoina Theotoka, Andreas Kalliakmanis
Introduction: Polypharmacy in several cases is deemed necessary and elderly patients are prone to this phenomenon. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and the predictors of polypharmacy among consecutively unplanned admissions of patients aged ≥65 years. Patients and Methods: In 310 patients (51% women), mean age 80.24 years (95% CI 79.35-81.10), demographic characteristics, medical history, medications, and cause of admission were recorded...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358947/anthropometric-measures-and-frailty-prediction-in-the-elderly-an-easy-to-use-tool
#5
Vera Elizabeth Closs, Patricia Klarmann Ziegelmann, João Henrique Ferreira Flores, Irenio Gomes, Carla Helena Augustin Schwanke
Purpose: Anthropometry is a useful tool for assessing some risk factors for frailty. Thus, the aim of this study was to verify the discriminatory performance of anthropometric measures in identifying frailty in the elderly and to create an easy-to-use tool. Methods: Cross-sectional study: a subset from the Multidimensional Study of the Elderly in the Family Health Strategy (EMI-SUS) evaluating 538 older adults. Individuals were classified using the Fried Phenotype criteria, and 26 anthropometric measures were obtained...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317867/incorporating-scoring-risk-models-for-care-planning-of-the-elderly-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
REVIEW
Josefina Santos, Isabel Fonseca
Mortality in chronic kidney disease remains high, particularly among the elderly, who represent the most rapidly growing segment of the end-stage renal disease population in wealthier countries. The management of older adults with chronic kidney disease has become a clinical challenge, and care for those patients expected to progress to end-stage renal disease should focus on evaluating the overall benefit of offering renal replacement therapy to them. Predictive mortality models may help to inform shared decision-making in the trajectory of the elderly with chronic kidney disease...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234352/assessment-of-osteoporosis-in-injured-older-women-admitted-to-a-safety-net-level-one-trauma-center-a-unique-opportunity-to-fulfill-an-unmet-need
#7
Elisabeth S Young, May J Reed, Tam N Pham, Joel A Gross, Lisa A Taitsman, Stephen J Kaplan
Background: Older trauma patients often undergo computed tomography (CT) as part of the initial work-up. CT imaging can also be used opportunistically to measure bone density and assess osteoporosis. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, osteoporosis was ascertained from admission CT scans in women aged ≥65 admitted to the ICU for traumatic injury during a 3-year period at a single, safety-net, level 1 trauma center. Osteoporosis was defined by established CT-based criteria of average L1 vertebral body Hounsfield units <110...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225621/improved-health-status-and-life-satisfaction-among-older-people-following-self-help-group-intervention-in-jakarta
#8
Junaiti Sahar, Ni Made Riasmini, Dwi Nurviyandari Kusumawati, Erna Erawati
Although self-help group for older people gains the effectiveness, the effect of a nursing intervention using a self-help group model as a guideline for self-monitoring and intervention on the health status and life satisfaction among older people still remains. To determine the effectiveness of this nursing intervention, an experimental design using multistage sampling method was used for this study. The self-help intervention included a single 50-70-minute session once a week for 12 weeks done, using the Life Satisfaction Inventory-A (LSI-A) questionnaire, and SF-36 shows a significant difference...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147112/do-changes-in-welfare-and-health-policy-affect-life-satisfaction-of-older-citizens-in-europe
#9
Marinela Olaroiu, Ioana Dana Alexa, Wim J A van den Heuvel
Objectives: Ageing of societies causes serious political concerns on well-being of old citizens and care for the (frail) old. These concerns increased with the economic crisis of 2008. In European countries policy measures were taken to deal with the consequences of this crisis. This study explores the possible effects of these measures on life satisfaction of older citizens. Methods: Life satisfaction was assessed through international surveys in 2007 and 2013 and changes in societal conditions, using eight indicators on demography, welfare, and health, are assessed in 31 European countries in 2006 and in 2014...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109736/identification-of-neuroprotective-factors-associated-with-successful-ageing-and-risk-of-cognitive-impairment-among-malaysia-older-adults
#10
Huijin Lau, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Nor Fadilah Rajab, Suzana Shahar
The increase of ageing population has raised public attention on the concept of successful ageing. Studies have shown that vitamin D, telomere length, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have been associated with cognitive function. Therefore, this study aimed to identify neuroprotective factors for cognitive decline in different ageing groups. A total of 300 older adults aged 60 years and above were recruited in this population based cross-sectional study. Participants were categorized into three groups: mild cognitive impairment (MCI) ( n = 100), usual ageing (UA) ( n = 100), and successful ageing (SA) ( n = 100)...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694824/burden-and-correlates-of-falls-among-rural-elders-of-south-india-mobility-and-independent-living-in-elders-study
#11
Pawan Kumar Sharma, Clareann H Bunker, Tushar Singh, Enakshi Ganguly, P Sudhakar Reddy, Anne B Newman, Jane A Cauley
AIM: Falls are an important contributor to loss of function, morbidity, and mortality in elders. Little is known about falls in Indian populations. The objective of this cross-sectional report was to identify the prevalence and correlates of falls in a cohort of 562 rural southern Indian men and women. METHODS: Risk factors included demographics, anthropometrics, self-reported health, medical history, physical function, vision, depression, and lifestyle. Odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634490/associations-of-pet-ownership-with-older-adults-eating-patterns-and-health
#12
Roschelle Heuberger
Pet ownership has been shown to improve quality of life for older adults. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to compare older pet owners and older non-pet owners and assess differences between groups. This study was conducted on adults over 50 years of age, who owned either one cat or one dog versus nonowners based on age, race, gender, and education. Matched older pet owners (OPO) versus non-pet owners (NPO) pairs (n = 84), older cat owners (OCO) versus non-cat owners (NCO) (n = 29), and older dog owners (ODO) versus non-dog owners (NDO) pairs (n = 55) were analyzed...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479917/the-relationship-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-depression-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people
#13
Misa Nakamura, Hiroshi Hashizume, Sachiko Nomura, Ryohei Kono, Hirotoshi Utsunomiya
Locomotive syndrome (LS) is a concept that refers to the condition of people requiring healthcare services because of problems associated with locomotion. Depression is a major psychiatric disease among the elderly, in addition to dementia. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between LS and depression. The study participants were 224 healthy elderly volunteers living in a rural area in Japan. LS was defined as scores ≥ 16 on the 25-question Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GLFS-25)...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348584/age-friendliness-and-life-satisfaction-of-young-old-and-old-old-in-hong-kong
#14
Alma M L Au, Stephen C Y Chan, H M Yip, Jackie Y C Kwok, K Y Lai, K M Leung, Anita L F Lee, Daniel W L Lai, Teresa Tsien, Simon M K Lai
Age-friendliness, promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO), aims to enable and support individuals in different aspects of life for fostering life satisfaction and personal well-being as they age. We identified specific aspect(s) of age-friendliness associated with life satisfaction and examined similarities and differences in age-friendliness and life satisfaction in young-old and old-old adults. Six hundred and eighty-two ageing adults were asked to complete a survey questionnaire consisting of the Age-friendly City Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and sociodemographic variables...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321252/prevalence-of-anemia-among-older-adults-residing-in-the-coastal-and-andes-mountains-in-ecuador-results-of-the-sabe-survey
#15
Carlos H Orces
Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of anemia and its determinants among older adults in Ecuador. Methods. The present study was based on data from the National Survey of Health, Wellbeing, and Aging. Hemoglobin concentrations were adjusted by participants' smoking status and altitude of residence, and anemia was defined according to the World Health Organization criteria (<12 g/dL in women and <13 g/dL in men). Gender-specific logistic regression models were used to examine the association between demographic and health characteristics and anemia...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018428/pancreatic-surgery-in-the-older-population-a-single-institution-s-experience-over-two-decades
#16
Bhaumik Brahmbhatt, Abhishek Bhurwal, Frank J Lukens, Mauricia A Buchanan, John A Stauffer, Horacio J Asbun
Objectives. Surgery is the most effective treatment for pancreatic cancer. However, present literature varies on outcomes of curative pancreatic resection in the elderly. The objective of the study was to evaluate age as an independent risk factor for 90-day mortality and complications after pancreatic resection. Methods. Nine hundred twenty-nine consecutive patients underwent 934 pancreatic resections between March 1995 and July 2014 in a tertiary care center. Primary analyses focused on outcomes in terms of 90-day mortality and postoperative complications after pancreatic resection in these two age groups...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956896/sabe-colombia-survey-on-health-well-being-and-aging-in-colombia-study-design-and-protocol
#17
Fernando Gomez, Jairo Corchuelo, Carmen-Lucia Curcio, Maria-Teresa Calzada, Fabian Mendez
Objective. To describe the design of the SABE Colombia study. The major health study of the old people in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is the Survey on Health, Well-Being, and Aging in LAC, SABE (from initials in Spanish: SAlud, Bienestar & Envejecimiento). Methods. The SABE Colombia is a population-based cross-sectional study on health, aging, and well-being of elderly individuals aged at least 60 years focusing attention on social determinants of health inequities. Methods and design were similar to original LAC SABE...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872641/muscle-functions-and-functional-performance-among-older-persons-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#18
Nor Azizah Ishak, Zarina Zahari, Maria Justine
This study aims to compare muscle functions and functional performances between older persons with and without low back pain (LBP) and to determine the association between muscle functions and functional performances. This is a cross-sectional study, involving 95 older persons (age = 70.27 ± 7.26 years). Anthropometric characteristics, muscle functions, and functional performances were measured. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple linear regression. The functional performances showed no significant differences (females LBP versus non-LBP, males LBP versus non-LBP) (p < 0...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843450/elder-orphans-hiding-in-plain-sight-a-growing-vulnerable-population
#19
Maria T Carney, Janice Fujiwara, Brian E Emmert, Tara A Liberman, Barbara Paris
Adults are increasingly aging alone with multiple chronic diseases and are geographically distant from family or friends. It is challenging for clinicians to identify these individuals, often struggling with managing the growing difficulties and the complexities involved in delivering care to this population. Clinicians often may not recognize or know how to address the needs that these patients have in managing their own health. While many such patients function well at baseline, the slightest insult can initiate a cascade of avoidable negative events...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667996/osteosarcopenic-obesity-syndrome-what-is-it-and-how-can-it-be-identified-and-diagnosed
#20
REVIEW
Jasminka Z Ilich, Owen J Kelly, Julia E Inglis
Conditions related to body composition and aging, such as osteopenic obesity, sarcopenia/sarcopenic obesity, and the newly termed osteosarcopenic obesity (triad of bone muscle and adipose tissue impairment), are beginning to gain recognition. However there is still a lack of definitive diagnostic criteria for these conditions. Little is known about the long-term impact of these combined conditions of osteoporosis, sarcopenia, and obesity in older adults. Many may go undiagnosed and progress untreated. Therefore, the objective of this research is to create diagnostic criteria for osteosarcopenic obesity in older women...
2016: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
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