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Journal of Optometry

Azam Ghazanfari, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpour, Samira Heydarian, Kiumars Nowroozpoor Dailami, Hosein Karami
PURPOSE: To compare contrast sensitivity (CS) in multi-transfused β-thalassemia patients who received deferoxamine with those who received Osveral. METHODS: In this cross sectional study a total of 60 β-thalassemia patients (30 used deferoxamine and 30 used deferasirox) were regarded as case group and 30 age and sex matched healthy subjects were selected as control group. All subjects had a set of examinations including refraction, visual acuity, Biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy and CS...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Optometry
Ariela Gordon-Shaag, David P Piñero, Cyril Kahloun, David Markov, Tzadok Parnes, Liat Gantz, Einat Shneor
BACKGROUND: The VX120 (Visionix Luneau, France) is a novel multi-diagnostic platform that combines Hartmann-Shack based autorefraction, Placido-disk based corneal-topography and anterior segment measurements made with a stationary-Scheimpflug camera. We investigate the agreement between different parameters measured by the VX120 with accepted or gold-standard techniques to test if they are interchangeable, as well as to evaluate the repeatability and reproducibility. METHODS: The right-eyes of healthy subjects were included in the study...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Optometry
Maddalena De Bernardo, Nicola Rosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2018: Journal of Optometry
Ashley M Speilburg, Bruce Teitelbaum, Yi Pang, Shaun Ittiara
PURPOSE: Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness among working-age adults in most developed countries. It affects eyes bilaterally and is generally believed to be symmetrical, yet there are few studies evaluating the symmetry of diabetic retinopathy. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the symmetry of the amount of peripheral retinal ischemia in patients with diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: Ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography images were obtained on both eyes of 54 subjects, mean age 56...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Optometry
Charles W Mcmonnies
PURPOSE: To examine the factors which contribute to tear stability and the validity and reliability of methods used for assessing tear break up time which is a core part of an examination of tear stability in dry eye patients. METHODS: A review of publications which are relevant to tear stability and its assessment. RESULTS: Tear break up time may be more invasive than intended if difficulty avoiding blinking during assessment results in reflex tearing...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Optometry
Iván Marín-Franch, Renfeng Xu, Arthur Bradley, Larry N Thibos, Norberto López-Gil
PURPOSE: The aim of this work was to examine the impact of Seidel spherical aberration (SA) on optimum refractive state for detecting and discriminating small bright lights on a dark background. METHODS: An adaptive-optics system was used to correct ocular aberrations of cyclopleged eyes and then systematically introduce five levels of Seidel SA for a 7-mm diameter pupil: 0,±0.18, and±0.36diopters (D)mm-2. For each level of SA, subjects were required to detect one or resolve two points of light (0...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Optometry
Jorge A Calvo-Sanz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 26, 2017: Journal of Optometry
David P Piñero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Optometry
Jameel Rizwana Hussaindeen, Prerana Shah, Krishna Kumar Ramani, Lalitha Ramanujan
PURPOSE: To report the frequency of binocular vision (BV) anomalies in children with specific learning disorders (SLD) and to assess the efficacy of vision therapy (VT) in children with a non-strabismic binocular vision anomaly (NSBVA). METHODS: The study was carried out at a centre for learning disability (LD). Comprehensive eye examination and binocular vision assessment was carried out for 94 children (mean (SD) age: 15 (2.2) years) diagnosed with specific learning disorder...
January 2018: Journal of Optometry
Fatih Özcura, Nilgün Yıldırım
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Journal of Optometry
Maddalena De Bernardo, Francesco Antonio Salzano, Nicola Rosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Journal of Optometry
Mario Cantó-Cerdán, Pilar Cacho-Martínez, Ángel García-Muñoz
PURPOSE: To establish whether the cover test and von Graefe methods are interchangeable in a non-presbyopic and presbyopic population. METHODS: We performed a prospective study on a sample of 127 non-presbyopic subjects between 20 and 45 years old and 56 presbyopic between 40 and 78 years old. Distance and near vision phoria were measured using the von Graefe method (VG) and cover test (CT). We analyzed the significant differences between methods, their correlation and the agreement between them using the Bland and Altman method...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Optometry
Ane Murueta-Goyena, Pilar Cañadas
Corneal refractive surgery procedures are widely performed to permanently correct refractive errors. Overall, refractive surgeries are safe, predictable and present high rates of satisfaction. Nevertheless, the induced epithelial, stromal and nerve damage alters corneal integrity and function, triggering a regenerative response. Complications that arise from corneal wound healing process might directly impact on visual outcomes of keratorefractive procedures. Most of these complications can be prevented or effectively treated with minimal consequences and minor impact on optical quality...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Optometry
Lisa W Christian, Krithika Nandakumar, Patricia K Hrynchak, Elizabeth L Irving
PURPOSE: This descriptive study provides a summary of the binocular anomalies seen in elementary school children identified with reading problems. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all children identified with reading problems and seen by the University of Waterloo, Optometry Clinic, from September 2012 to June 2013. RESULTS: Files of 121 children (mean age 8.6 years, range 6-14 years) were reviewed. No significant refractive error was found in 81% of children...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Optometry
Clàudia Garrido, Genís Cardona, Josep L Güell, Jaume Pujol
PURPOSE: A single-center, cross-sectional study was designed to assess and compare objective and subjective quality of vision of patients intervened with penetrating keratoplasty (PK), deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) and Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). METHODS: Forty-six patients previously intervened with PK (22 eyes), DALK (7 eyes) and DMEK (17 eyes) were recruited. Visual evaluation included spherical and cylindrical refraction, distance corrected visual acuity (DCVA), photopic contrast sensitivity (CS), optical quality, measured with the HD Analyzer (objective scattering index [OSI], MTF cut-off and Strehl ratio), and ocular and corneal aberrometry, measured with the KR-1W Wavefront Analyzer...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Optometry
Sonia Gholami, Nicolaas J Reus, Thomas J T P van den Berg
PURPOSE: In this work, we investigated the pupillary conditions during straylight measurement, and the potential effect this might have on the measured straylight. METHODS: Five young (26-29-years-old) and 15 older (50-68-years-old) individuals participated in this study. First, the pupil diameter of both eyes was measured at three room illuminances. Next, straylight was assessed at two room illuminances. Simultaneously, the change in pupil size of the fellow eye was registered by a camera...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Optometry
Negareh Yazdani, Ramin Sadeghi, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Leili Zarifmahmoudi, Asieh Ehsaei
PURPOSE: The aim of the present meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy of cyclopentolate and tropicamide in controlling accommodation during refraction. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Science direct and Ovid databases by the key words: "tropicamide"; "cyclopentolate"; "cycloplegia" and "cycloplegic" from inception to April 2016. Methodological quality of the literature was evaluated according to the Oxford Center for Evidence Based Medicine and modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Optometry
Patricia Loma, Ana Guzman-Aranguez, Maria J Perez de Lara, Jesus Pintor
PURPOSE/AIM: Glaucoma consists of a group of progressive optic neuropathies that are characterized by degeneration of the optic nerve and irreversible visual filed loss. Elevated intraocular pressure is the only proven treatable risk factor and commercial products used for glaucoma treatment are focused in lowering intraocular pressure. These drugs can have various undesirable side effects and this invites to look for new strategies. The purpose of this work is to study the use of a siRNA (small interfering RNA) to selectively silence beta2 adrenergic receptors and to see whether it reduces IOP (intraocular pressure)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Optometry
José M González-Méijome
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Optometry
Stephanie Rosemann, Inga-Maria Wefel, Volkan Elis, Manfred Fahle
OBJECTIVE: Detection and identification of moving targets is of paramount importance in everyday life, even if it is not widely tested in optometric practice, mostly for technical reasons. There are clear indications in the literature that in perception of moving targets, vision and hearing interact, for example in noisy surrounds and in understanding speech. The main aim of visual perception, the ability that optometry aims to optimize, is the identification of objects, from everyday objects to letters, but also the spatial orientation of subjects in natural surrounds...
October 2017: Journal of Optometry
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