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Population Health Management

Shubha Bhat, Miranda E Kroehl, Katy E Trinkley, Zeta Chow, Lauren J Heath, Sarah J Billups, Danielle F Loeb
Guidelines recommend patient follow-up within 2 weeks of antidepressant initiation or uptitration to minimize treatment discontinuation and suicidal ideation risks; however, time constraints and lack of systematic processes remain barriers in primary care. A pharmacist-led multidisciplinary telemonitoring service aimed to address these barriers. This was a retrospective, observational study of adults with depression initiated or uptitrated on an antidepressant between May and October 2016. Outcomes included the proportion of eligible patients successfully contacted, adherence, adverse effects, suicidal ideations, and pharmacist interventions...
December 6, 2017: Population Health Management
Matthew J Gonzales, Jeff Dobro, Katy Guilfoile, Keegan Fisher, Ira Byock
One strategy to promote workforce well-being has been health incentive plans, in which a company's insured employees are offered compensation for completing a particular health-related activity. In 2015, Providence Health & Services adopted an Advance Care Planning (ACP) activity as a 2015-2016 health incentive option. More than 51,000 employees and their insured relatives chose the ACP incentive option. More than 80% rated the experience as helpful or very helpful. A high proportion (95%) of employees responded that they had someone they trusted who could make medical care decisions for them, yet only 23% had completed an advance directive, and even fewer (11%) had shared the document with their health care provider...
December 6, 2017: Population Health Management
Roy J P Hendrikx, Marieke D Spreeuwenberg, Hanneke W Drewes, Dirk Ruwaard, Caroline A Baan
Population health management initiatives are introduced to transform health and community services by implementing interventions that combine various services and address the continuum of health and well-being of populations. Insight is required into a population's health to evaluate implementation of these initiatives. This study aims to determine the performance of commonly used instruments for measuring a population's experienced health and explores the assessed concepts of population health. Survey-based Short Form 12, version 2 (SF12, health status), Patient Activation Measure 13 (PAM13), and Kessler 10 (K10, psychological distress) data of 3120 respondents was used...
December 6, 2017: Population Health Management
Taressa K Fraze, Valerie A Lewis, Emily Tierney, Carrie H Colla
Accountable care organizations (ACOs), a primary care-centric delivery and payment model, aim to promote integrated population health, which may improve care for those with chronic conditions such as diabetes. Research has shown that, overall, the ACO model is effective at reducing costs, but there is substantial variation in how effective different types of ACOs are at impacting costs and improving care delivery. This study examines how ACO organizational characteristics - such as composition, staffing, care management, and experiences with health reform - were associated with quality of care delivered to patients with diabetes...
December 6, 2017: Population Health Management
Scott Guerin, Richard G Stefanacci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2017: Population Health Management
Aaron Truchil, Natasha Dravid, Stephen Singer, Zachary Martinez, Teagan Kuruna, Scott Waulters
Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs) aim to reduce health care costs while improving patient outcomes. Camden Coalition of Healthcare Providers' (Camden Coalition) work already aligned with this aim before receiving state approval to operate a certified Medicaid ACO in New Jersey. Upon its formation, the Camden Coalition ACO partnered with UnitedHealthcare and, through state legislation, Rutgers Center for State Health Policy (CSHP) was established as its external evaluator. In evaluating the Camden Coalition ACO, Rutgers CSHP built on the Medicare Shared Savings model, but modified it based on the understanding that the Medicaid population differs from the Medicare population...
November 21, 2017: Population Health Management
Ian Duncan, Nhan Huynh
Predictive models for hospital readmission rates are in high demand because of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP). The LACE index is one of the most popular predictive tools among hospitals in the United States. The LACE index is a simple tool with 4 parameters: Length of stay, Acuity of admission, Comorbidity, and Emergency visits in the previous 6 months. The authors applied logistic regression to develop a predictive model for a medium-sized not-for-profit community hospital in California using patient-level data with more specific patient information (including 13 explanatory variables)...
November 17, 2017: Population Health Management
Manisha Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Population Health Management
Kenneth E Thorpe, Peter Joski
Recent studies on state-level spending on social services have shown that states with higher ratios of social to health care spending were associated with better health outcomes. This study extends this work by examining the association of specific elements of social service spending and other determinants of health, such as health behaviors, education, and environmental factors at the metropolitan/city level, on several measures of health outcomes between 2005 and 2014. This study found that several potential determinants of health including exercise, air pollution, smoking, per pupil educational spending, and several types of social service spending were associated with improvements in health outcomes...
November 15, 2017: Population Health Management
Daniel D Maeng, Zhi Geng, Wendy M Marshall, Allison L Hess, Janet F Tomcavage
Since 2012, a large health care system has offered an employee wellness program providing premium discounts for those who voluntarily undergo biometric screenings and meet goals. This study evaluates the program impact on care utilization and total cost of care, taking into account employee self-selection into the program. A retrospective claims data analysis of 6453 employees between 2011 and 2015 was conducted, categorizing the sample into 3 mutually exclusive subgroups: Subgroup 1 enrolled and met goals in all years, Subgroup 2 enrolled or met goals in some years but not all, and Subgroup 3 never enrolled...
November 14, 2017: Population Health Management
Larry R Hearld, Kristine R Hearld, William Opoku-Agyeman
Hospitals have long played important roles in the provision of health promotion services (HPS) in local communities, defined as activities that enable people to increase control over and improve their health, including programs such as disease prevention and wellness. Nearly 2 decades ago, researchers cross-sectionally documented the provision of HPS by hospitals, but little research has been done to update this work or document how HPS have changed over time. This study assessed changes in the provision of HPS among US hospitals between 1996 and 2014...
November 14, 2017: Population Health Management
Tristan Cordier, Yongjia Song, Jesse Cambon, Gil S Haugh, Mark Steffen, Patty Hardy, Marnie Staehly, Angela Hagan, Vipin Gopal, Pattie Dale Tye, Andrew Renda
Humana, a large health care company, has set a goal of 20% improvement in health in the communities it serves by 2020. The metric chosen for the Bold Goal initiative was the HRQOL-4 version of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Healthy Days survey. This paper presents the methods for measuring progress, reports results for the first year of tracking, and describes Humana's community-based interventions. Across 7 specially designated "Bold Goal" communities, mean unhealthy days declined from 10...
November 10, 2017: Population Health Management
Roy J P Hendrikx, Hanneke W Drewes, Marieke Spreeuwenberg, Dirk Ruwaard, Caroline A Baan
Health care no longer focuses solely on patients and increasingly emphasizes regions and their populations. Strategies, such as population management (PM) initiatives, aim to improve population health and well-being by redesigning health care and community services. Hence, insight into population health is needed to tailor interventions and evaluate their effects. This study aims to assess whether population health differs between initiatives and to what extent demographic, personal, and lifestyle factors affect these differences...
November 1, 2017: Population Health Management
Stephanie MacLeod, Kay Schwebke, Kevin Hawkins, Joann Ruiz, Emma Hoo, Charlotte S Yeh
Research indicates that older adults receive only about half of their recommended care, with varying quality and limited attention to social issues impacting their health through the most commonly used quality measures. Additionally, many existing measures neglect to address nonclinical social determinants of health. Evidence of the need for more comprehensive measures for seniors is growing. The primary purpose of this article, which is supported by a limited review of literature, is to describe gaps among current quality measures in addressing certain nonclinical needs of older adults, including key social determinants of health...
October 24, 2017: Population Health Management
Ian Duncan, Karen Fitzner, Karen Ezekiel Handmaker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Population Health Management
Elham Hatef, Elyse C Lasser, Hadi H K Kharrazi, Chad Perman, Russ Montgomery, Jonathan P Weiner
Population health is one of the pillars of the Triple Aim to improve US health care. The authors developed a framework for population health measurement and a proposed set of measures for further exploration to guide the population health efforts in Maryland. The authors searched peer-reviewed, expert-authored literature and current public health measures. Using a semi-structured analysis, a framework was proposed, which consisted of a conceptual model of several domains and identified population health measures addressing them...
October 16, 2017: Population Health Management
Asa S Rubin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Population Health Management
Takumi Nishi, Toshiki Maeda, Akira Babazono
The incidence rates of hip fracture have been increasing in Japan. Length of stay among hip fracture patients in Japan is much longer than other developed countries, and the Japanese government introduced financial incentives for regionally coordinated femoral neck fracture care to reduce health care resource utilization. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the financial incentives reduce health care resource utilization among patients 75 years or older with femoral neck fracture in Japan. Claims data from the Fukuoka Prefecture Regional Association for Late-Stage Healthcare for Older People were analyzed for the period from April 2010 to March 2016...
October 12, 2017: Population Health Management
Bettina M Beech, Keith C Norris, Marino A Bruce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Population Health Management
Salim S Virani, Julia M Akeroyd, David J Ramsey, Anita Deswal, Khurram Nasir, Suja S Rajan, Christie M Ballantyne, Laura A Petersen
Although effectiveness of diabetes or cardiovascular disease (CVD) care delivery between physicians and advanced practice providers (APPs) has been shown to be comparable, health care resource utilization between these 2 provider types in primary care is unknown. This study compared health care resource utilization between patients with diabetes or CVD receiving care from APPs or physicians. Diabetes (nā€‰=ā€‰1,022,588) or CVD (nā€‰=ā€‰1,187,035) patients with a primary care visit between October 2013 and September 2014 in 130 Veterans Affairs facilities were identified...
October 10, 2017: Population Health Management
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