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Population Health Management

Drew Harris, Katherine Puskarz
Over the past decade, reimbursement in the US health care system has undergone rapid transformation. The Affordable Care Act and the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act are some of the many changes challenging traditional modes of practice and raising concerns about practitioners' ability to adapt. Recently, physician satisfaction was proposed as an addition to the Triple Aim in acknowledgment of how the physician's attitude can affect outcomes. To understand how physicians perceive alternative payment models (APMs) and how those perceptions may vary by their organizational role, non-leader physicians (N = 31), physician leaders (N = 67), and health system leaders (N = 49) were surveyed using a mixed-methods approach...
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
Christy Harris Lemak, Nancy M Paris, Kathryn J McDonagh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
Marc R Matthews, Robert J Stroebel, Mark R Wallace, Michael J Bryan, Jill A Swanson, Summer V Allen, Kari S Bunkers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
Robert D Lieberthal, Tom Karagiannis, Evan Bilheimer, Manisha Verma, Colleen Payton, Mona Sarfaty, George Valko
The objective was to quantify the activities required for patient-centered medical home (PCMH) transformation in a sample of small to medium-sized National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) recognized practices, and explore barriers and facilitators to transformation. Eleven small to medium-sized PCMH practices in Southeastern Pennsylvania completed a survey, which was adapted from the 2011 NCQA standards. Semistructured follow-up interviews were conducted, descriptive statistics were computed for the quantitative analysis, and a process of thematic coding was deployed for the qualitative analysis...
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
Laura Gottlieb, Sara Ackerman, Holly Wing, Rishi Manchanda
Despite widespread interest in addressing social determinants of health (SDH) as a means to improve health and to reduce health care spending, little information is available about how to develop, sustain, and scale nonmedical interventions in diverse payer environments, including Medicaid Managed Care. This study aimed to explore how Medicaid Managed Care Organization (MMCO) leaders interpret their roles and responsibilities around SDH, how they garner resources to develop and sustain interventions to address SDH, and how they perceive the influences of external organizations on related activities...
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
Heidy Robertson-Cooper, Bradley Neaderhiser, Laura E Happe, Roy A Beveridge
Value-based payments are rapidly replacing fee-for-service arrangements, necessitating advancements in physician practice capabilities and functions. The objective of this study was to examine potential differences among family physicians who are owners versus employed with respect to their readiness for value-based payment models. The authors surveyed more than 550 family physicians from the American Academy of Family Physician's membership; nearly 75% had made changes to participate in value-based payments...
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
Paul Wong, Laura Panattoni, Ming Tai-Seale
This study explores the association between patients' use of ambulatory care resources and features of patient-centered primary care (PCPC), specifically clinic-level National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) recognition of PCPC, continuity of care, and care team communication. Data for this study were compiled from the electronic health records of a large multispecialty group practice in California, covering the period between 2009 and 2010 for 37,042 nonelderly patients under capitated managed care plans...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
Sara C Keller, Ayse P Gurses, Nicole Werner, Dawn Hohl, Ashley Hughes, Bruce Leff, Alicia I Arbaje
Medical devices, or instruments or tools to manage disease, are increasingly used in the home, yet there have been limited evaluations of how older adults and caregivers safely use these devices. This study concerns a qualitative evaluation of (1) barriers and facilitators of appropriate use, and (2) outcomes of inappropriate use, among older adults at the transition from hospital to home with skilled home health care (SHHC). Guided by a human factors engineering work system model, the authors (1) conducted direct observations with contextual inquiry of the start-of-care or resumption-of-care SHHC provider visit, and (2) semi-structured interviews with 24 older adults and their informal caregivers, and 39 SHHC providers and administrators...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
Sarah Grantham, Debora Goetz Goldberg, Donna Lind Infeld
Although individuals enrolled in both Medicare and Medicaid (dual eligibles) are among those with the nation's greatest need, at $300 billion per year, their care is also expensive and beset by quality problems. Previous research found problems associated with inadequate coordination of benefits and services; however, these studies have largely used quantitative approaches and focused on providers-few studies have explored the perspective of dual eligible patients. In an effort to improve care and reduce costs, North Carolina (NC) developed a Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model centered on a continuous relationship with a primary care provider who is responsible for coordination of services and addressing patients' health care needs by providing direct services or arranging care with other qualified professionals...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
Colin D Rehm, Melinda E Marquez, Elizabeth Spurrell-Huss, Nicole Hollingsworth, Amanda S Parsons
There is urgent need for health systems to prevent diabetes. To date, few health systems have implemented the evidence-based Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), and the few that have mostly partnered with community-based organizations to implement the program. Given the recent decision by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to reimburse for diabetes prevention, there is likely much interest in how such programs can be implemented within large health systems or how community partnerships can be expanded to support DPP implementation...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
Marc R Matthews, Claudia Miller, Robert J Stroebel, Kari S Bunkers
Health systems across the United States have started their journeys toward population health management and the future of accountable care. Models of population health management include patient-centered medical homes and private sector accountable care organizations (ACOs). Other models include public sector efforts, such as Physician Group Practice Transition Demonstrations, Medicare Health Care Quality Demonstration Programs, Beacon Communities, Medicare Shared Savings Program, and Pioneer ACOs. As a result, health care organizations often have pockets of population health initiatives that lack an enterprise-wide strategy...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
Hyunjee Kim, K John McConnell, Benjamin C Sun
The high rate of emergency department (ED) use by Medicaid patients is not fully understood. The objective of this paper is (1) to provide context for ED service use by comparing Medicaid and commercial patients' differences across ED and non-ED health service use, and (2) to assess the extent to which Medicaid-commercial differences in ED use can be explained by observable factors in administrative data. Statistical decomposition methods were applied to ED, mental health, and inpatient care using 2011-2013 Medicaid and commercial insurance claims from the Oregon All Payer All Claims database...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
William C Livingood, Carmen Smotherman, Katryne Lukens-Bull, Petra Aldridge, Dale F Kraemer, David L Wood, Carmine Volpe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Population Health Management
Aaron R Wells, Xiabo Guo, Carter R Coberley, James E Pope
Decades of research exist focusing on the utility of self-reported health risk and status data in health care cost predictive models. However, in many of these studies a limited number of self-reported measures were considered. Compounding this issue, prior research evaluated models specified with a single covariate vector and distribution. In this study, the authors incorporate well-being data into the Multidimensional Adaptive Prediction Process (MAPP) and then use a simulation analysis to highlight the value of these findings for future cost mitigation...
December 2016: Population Health Management
Ted A James, Lauren Kreiger, Asim Zia, Diann Gaalema, Chris A Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Population Health Management
Osayi E Akinbosoye, Michael S Taitel, James Grana, Jerrold Hill, Rolin L Wade
The aim was to evaluate the impact of a multifaceted set of medication management interventions offered by a community pharmacy on adherence, health care utilization, and costs within a commercial population. Patients initiating therapy within 16 drug classes from February 7, 2013, to October 6, 2013, were offered various adherence interventions by Walgreens pharmacy. Patients were linked deterministically to IMS medical and prescription databases for 6-month pre- and post-index data analysis. Walgreens patients (intervention) were matched to patients using other pharmacies (control) on drug class, index date, baseline demographics, clinical factors, utilization, and costs...
December 2016: Population Health Management
Brady P Horn, Cameron Crandall, Maurice Moffett, Michael Hensley, Sam Howarth, Douglas S Binder, David Sklar
High-cost, medically complex patients have been a challenging population to manage in the US health care system, in terms of both improving health outcomes and containing costs. This paper evaluated the economic impact of Care One, an intensive care management program (data analysis, evaluation, empanelment, specialist disease management, nurse case management, and social support) designed to target the most expensive 1% of patients in a university health care system. Data were collected for a cohort of high-cost, medically complex patients (N = 753) who received care management and a control group (N = 794) of similarly complex health system users who did not receive access to the program...
December 2016: Population Health Management
Amit D Raval, Suresh Madhavan, Malcolm D Mattes, Usha Sambamoorthi
The current retrospective observational study was conducted to examine the association between types of chronic conditions and cancer stage at diagnosis among elderly Medicare beneficiaries with prostate cancer using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare linked database. The study cohort consisted of elderly men (≥66 years) with prostate cancer diagnosed between 2002 and 2009 (N = 103,820). Cancer stage at diagnosis (localized versus advanced) was derived using the American Joint Committee on Cancer classification...
December 2016: Population Health Management
Barbara Guerard, Vincent Omachonu, Blake Perez, Bisakha Sen
Medication adherence is often lower among disadvantaged patients. Drivers of medication adherence may include the quality of communications between patient and medical caregiver. The research objective is to assess whether an annual Comprehensive Wellness Assessment (CWA) is associated with improved medication adherence. The CWA targeted primarily dual eligible Special Needs Plan (SNP) enrollees in a Medicare Advantage plan. This retrospective panel study used administrative claims data and member-month level data for members who were newly diagnosed with diabetes in 2010, allowing for up to 5 years of follow-up...
December 2016: Population Health Management
Etienne J Phipps, S Brook Singletary, Clarissa A Cooblall, Horacio D Hares, Leonard E Braitman
Having access to adequate and appropriate food is a major population health issue. This study investigated food insecurity in patients with high rates of inpatient hospitalization ("super-utilizers"). Forty adults with ≥3 hospital inpatient admissions within a 12-month period were interviewed in an urban hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, between March 2015 and May 2015. Inpatient admission history was obtained from hospital billing data. The majority had ≥5 hospitalizations in the past 12 months and ≥6 chronic conditions...
December 2016: Population Health Management
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