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Open Ophthalmology Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660005/histological-findings-in-the-trabecular-meshwork-of-a-patient-with-atopic-glaucoma
#1
Satoru Kase, Shiki Chin, Teruhiko Hamanaka, Yasuhiro Shinmei, Takeshi Ohguchi, Riki Kijima, Akira Matsuda, Susumu Ishida
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report a case of atopic dermatitis showing elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) beyond the baseline levels followed by a modified 360-degree suture trabeculotomy, and to analyze the histological findings in the trabecular meshwork. METHODS: A 40-year-old male suffered from blurred vision in the right eye (OD). He had a medical history of severe atopic dermatitis and intraocular lens implantation OU due to atopic cataract. At the initial presentation, the visual acuity was 0...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603574/central-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-younger-swedish-adults-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Elisabeth Wittström
PURPOSE: To investigate associated systemic diseases, other conditions, visual outcome, ocular complications and treatment in Swedish patients younger than 50 years with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) and reviewing the literature. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with CRVO, younger than 50 years, were examined with full-field electroretinography (ERG) within 3 months after a thrombotic event, or were periodically examined and were observed for at least 6 months...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584563/the-relationship-of-amount-of-resection-and-time-for-recovery-of-bell-s-phenomenon-after-levator-resection-in-congenital-ptosis
#3
Ruchi Goel, Divya Kishore, Smriti Nagpal, Sparshi Jain, Tushar Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Recovery of Bell`s phenomenon after levator resection is unpredicatable. Delayed recovery can result in vision threatening corneal complications. AIM: To study the variability of Bell's phenomenon and time taken for its recovery following levator resection for blepharoptosis and to correlate it with the amount of resection. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on 32 eyes of 32 patients diagnosed as unilateral simple congenital blepharoptosis who underwent levator resection at a tertiary care center between July 2013 and May 2015...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567166/the-effect-of-vitamin-e-on-oxidative-stress-indicated-by-serum-malondialdehyde-in-insulin-dependent-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-with-retinopathy
#4
Irini P Chatziralli, George Theodossiadis, Prodromos Dimitriadis, Michail Charalambidis, Antonios Agorastos, Zisis Migkos, Nikolaos Platogiannis, Marilita M Moschos, Panagiotis Theodossiadis, Petros Keryttopoulos
BACKGROUND: Several studies have focused on oxidative stress on diabetes mellitus (DM). Our purpose was to investigate the impact of oxidative stress on progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in insulin-dependent type 2 DM patients, measuring serum malondialdehyde (MDA), as well as to examine the effect of vitamin E on DR progression in the above-mentioned patients. METHODS: Participants in the study were 282 insulin-dependent type 2 DM patients with DR. All participants underwent a thorough ophthalmological examination, so as to grade DR, along with serum MDA measurement...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567165/letter-to-the-editor-corneoscleral-melt-50-years-after-excision-of-pterygium
#5
Aki Kondo, Tatsuya Mimura, Mari Goto, Yuko Kamei, Saito Yusuke, Hiroko Okuma, Masao Matsubara
PURPOSE: To report a case of corneoscleral melt that occurred 50 years after resection of pterygium with postoperative administration of mitomycin C (MMC). RESULTS: A 93-year-old woman developed acute corneal perforation and scleral melt in her left eye at 50 years after pterygium surgery with postoperative topical MMC. She underwent limbal transplantation. The anterior chamber reformed postoperatively and her intraocular pressure was normal. At 12 months after transplantation, best-corrected visual acuity was 20/500 and the graft-host junction was well apposed...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567164/pars-plana-vitrectomy-with-internal-limiting-membrane-peeling-for-nontractional-diabetic-macular-edema
#6
Jan Niklas Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus remains the leading cause of blindness among working age Americans with diabetic macular edema being the most common cause for moderate and severe vision loss. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anatomical and visual benefits of pars plana vitrectomy with inner limiting membrane peeling in patients with nontractional diabetic macular edema as well as correlation of integrity of outer retinal layers on spectral domain optical coherence tomography to visual outcomes...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553426/characteristics-of-anterior-lens-opacities-in-children
#7
Lena Dixit, Michael Puente, Kimberly G Yen
BACKGROUND: Anterior lens opacities (ALO) are found in 3-14% of pediatric patients with cataracts. No clear guidelines exist in the management and treatment of these cataracts. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pediatric patients with anterior lens opacities and assess rate of amblyopia and need for surgery over time. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients with unilateral and bilateral anterior lens opacities (ALOs) seen between January 2008 and December 2014...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553425/treatment-of-symptomatic-vitreomacular-adhesion-with-expansile-sulfur-hexafluoride-sf6-gas
#8
Dominic M Buzzacco, Sugat S Patel
BACKGROUND: To evaluate intravitreal injection of expansile sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) as a low cost and effective treatment for symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (sVMA). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients with sVMA treated with pneumatic vitreolysis using SF6 gas presenting to a clinical practice from January 2005 and June 2013. RESULTS: Six cases were included in the study. Five patients (83%) experienced complete resolution of the vitreomacular adhesion...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553424/bilateral-idiopathic-sclerochoroidal-calcifications
#9
Venkatesh L Brahma, Sumit P Shah, Nauman A Chaudhry, Jonathan L Prenner
BACKGROUND: Sclerochoroidal calcification (SCC) is a rare and benign condition found mostly in middle-aged and elderly Caucasian men, characterized by multiple yellow-white lesions seen most commonly in the temporal regions of the fundus. While they may be concerning for benign tumors, primary neoplasias or metastases, SCCs most commonly present as asymptomatic findings during routine ophthalmologic testing and have a very good prognosis as they rarely cause visual deficits. OBJECTIVE: To report and describe the findings in a case of bilateral idiopathic sclerochoroidal calcifications...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553423/corneal-refractive-procedures-for-the-treatment-of-presbyopia
#10
REVIEW
Kareem Moussa, Naz Jehangir, Tova Mannis, Wai L Wong, Majid Moshirfar
PURPOSE: Refractive surgery has been in use for a long time and is evolving at a fast pace with several new corneal procedures being used for the correction of presbyopia. The purpose of this article is to give a comprehensive review of the literature to evaluate the outcome and success of different corneal refractive surgical procedures in presbyopic patients. METHODS: We performed a comprehensive search on PubMed to identify published reports of the various procedures utilized in the past and present to correct presbyopia...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400890/comparison-of-ethnic-specific-databases-in-heidelberg-retina-tomography-3-to-discriminate-between-early-glaucoma-and-normal-chinese-eyes
#11
Xiu Ling Tan, Sae Cheong Yap, Xiang Li, Leonard W Yip
PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of the 3 race-specific normative databases in Heidelberg Retina Tomography (HRT)-3, in differentiating between early glaucomatous and healthy normal Chinese eyes. METHOD: 52 healthy volunteers and 25 glaucoma patients were recruited for this prospective cross-sectional study. All underwent standardized interviews, ophthalmic examination, perimetry and HRT optic disc imaging. Area under the curve (AUC) receiver operating characteristics, sensitivity and specificity were derived to assess the discriminating abilities of the 3 normative databases, for both Moorfields Regression Analysis (MRA) and Glaucoma Probability Score (GPS)...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400889/evaluation-of-ocular-surface-disease-in-asian-patients-with-primary-angle-closure
#12
Tan Ee Ling, Khairuddin Othman, Ong Poh Yan, Rasdi Abdul Rashid, Cheong Min Tet, Azhany Yaakob, Liza-Sharmini Ahmad Tajudin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of ocular surface disease (OSD) and to determine the effects of topical pressure-lowering drugs on ocular surface disease in primary angle closure patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional comparative study comparing primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) patients (Group A) with primary angle closure and primary angle closure suspect (Group B). Group A was treated with topical pressure-lowering drugs; Group B was not. Data on ocular diagnosis and details of treatment were obtained from medical records...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400888/macular-evaluation-w%C3%A4-th-spectral-domain-type-optic-coherence-tomography-in-eyes-with-acute-nonarteritic-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-at-the-presentation-visit
#13
Oya Donmez, Gamze Kocaoglu, Aylin Yaman, Meltem Soylev Bajin, Ali Osman Saatci
PURPOSE: To evaluate the macula with spectral domain type optic coherence tomography (OCT) in eyes with acute nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) at the presentation visit. METHODS: Medical charts of the 133 patients who received the diagnosis of acute NAION between January 2008 and July 2014 at the Neuro-ophthalmology unit of Dokuz Eylul University were reviewed retrospectively. Sixtythree patients within 30 days of symptom onset with available baseline spectral domain type macular OCT were included in this study...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400887/antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-orbital-fractures
#14
Benjamin Reiss, Lamise Rajjoub, Tamer Mansour, Tony Chen, Aisha Mumtaz
PURPOSE: To determine whether prophylactic antibiotic use in patients with orbital fracture prevent orbital infection. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: All patients diagnosed with orbital fracture between January 1, 2008 and March 1, 2014 at The George Washington University Hospital and Clinics. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Development of orbital infection. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-two patients with orbital fracture met our inclusion and exclusion criteria...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400886/corneal-toxicity-following-exposure-to-asclepias-tuberosa
#15
Lauge Hjorth Mikkelsen, Hassan Hamoudi, Cigdem Altuntas Gül, Steffen Heegaard
PURPOSE: To present a case of corneal toxicity following exposure to milky plant latex from Asclepias tuberosa. METHODS: A 70-year-old female presented with blurred vision and pain in her left eye after handling an Ascepias tuberosa. Clinical examination revealed a corneal stromal oedema with small epithelial defects. The corneal endothelium was intact and folds in Descemets membrane were observed. The oedema was treated with chloramphenicol, dexamethasone and scopolamine...
2017: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484581/masquerading-orbital-sarcoidosis-with-isolated-extraocular-muscle-involvement
#16
Jane S Kim, Richard L Scawn, Bradford W Lee, Jonathan H Lin, Bobby S Korn, Don O Kikkawa
Two patients, previously diagnosed and treated for euthyroid, autoantibody-negative thyroid eye disease, presented with active orbitopathy. An atypical disease course and presentation prompted orbital biopsy. Extraocular muscle histopathology demonstrated noncaseating granulomatous inflammation consistent with presumed orbital sarcoidosis involving multiple extraocular muscles, including the inferior oblique in one of the cases. These two cases emphasize the importance of a broad differential diagnosis and the utility of an orbital biopsy in the context of an unusual disease presentation or poor treatment response...
2016: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843513/bilateral-choroidal-metastases-from-endobronchial-carcinoid-treated-with-somatostatin-analogues
#17
Deborah De Bruyn, Jan Lamont, Erik Vanderstraeten, Simon Van Belle, Elise Platteau, Julie De Zaeytijd, Kristien P Hoornaert
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient with bilateral multifocal choroidal metastases from an endobronchial carcinoid treated with a somatostatin analogue. METHOD: A 60-year-old woman presenting with photopsia in the left eye underwent an extensive ophthalmic examination, including fluorescein angiography, OCT and ultrasound. RESULTS: Fundoscopy revealed a small retinal tear in the left eye, for which she received laser treatment. In addition, choroidal masses were detected in both eyes...
2016: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651849/characteristics-of-sympathetic-ophthalmia-in-a-single-international-center
#18
Pablo Jose Guzman-Salas, Juan Carlos Serna-Ojeda, Ethel Beatriz Guinto-Arcos, Miguel Pedroza-Seres
AIM: To report the main features of sympathetic ophthalmia in a referral ophthalmology center. METHODS: Retrospective clinical study. We reviewed clinical records of patients with diagnosis of sympathetic ophthalmia attending the Uveitis Department from 2007 to 2013. Patients were selected by clinical criteria. Descriptive statistics were used to assess variables. RESULTS: Twenty patients were included for analysis, 13 males and 7 females...
2016: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347250/ocular-tolerability-of-preservative-free-tafluprost-and-latanoprost-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-comparative-study
#19
Yoshihiko Esaki, Atsushi Shimazaki, Pertti Pellinen
OBJECTIVE: Detrimental effects of the preserved prostaglandin analogs (PGAs) have been thoroughly documented in the published literature. The current work studied two preservative-free (PF) prostaglandin eye drops: PF tafluprost and PF latanoprost. The aim of the study was to compare these two PF formulations in vitro for viability of the human corneal epithelial (HCE-T) cells and in vivo for ocular tolerability of the rabbit eye. METHOD: Viability of the HCE-T cells was measured by the MTS assay...
2016: Open Ophthalmology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347249/risk-factors-for-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-poag-progression-a-study-ruled-in-torino
#20
A G Actis, E Versino, B Brogliatti, T Rolle
PURPOSE: Aim of this retrospective, observational study is to describe features of a population sample, affected by primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) in order to evaluate damage progression on the basis of the emerged individual risk factors. METHODS: We included 190 caucasian patients (377 eyes), evaluating relationship between individual risk factors (explicative variables) and MD (Mean Deviation) of standard automated perimetry. We also considered the dependent variable NFI (Neural Fiber Index) of GDx scanning laser polarimetry...
2016: Open Ophthalmology Journal
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