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Open Dentistry Journal

Johanna Tanner, Mimmi Tolvanen, Sufyan Garoushi, Eija Säilynoja
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical performance of posterior composite restorations reinforced by bulk base of short-fiber composite (everX Posterior, GC Corporation). Methods: Thirty-six short fiber-reinforced composite restorations were placed in premolar and molar teeth of 33 patients. Eight of the teeth were vital and 28 were non-vital. Average follow up time of the restorations was 30.6 months (2.5 years), ranging from 16.2 to 51...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Gulfem Ergun, Ayse Seda Ataol
Introduction: Generally, the appropriate rehabilitation concepts of patients with Amelogenesis Imperfecta (AI) should include a multidisciplinary treatment approach. Case Report: This case report describes full mouth rehabilitation of a patient with AI. A 20 years old woman was referred to our clinic with a chief complaint of tooth discoloration, diastema, unsatisfactory esthetics and slight tooth sensitivity. Clinical, histological and radiographic examination revealed hypoplastic AI...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Nobuo Kondoh, Masako Mizuno-Kamiya, Eiji Takayama, Harumi Kawati, Naoki Umemura, Yutaka Yamazaki, Kenji Mitsudo, Iwai Tohnai
Introduction: In order to survive, cancers control immune systems and evade immune detection using mediators consisting of immune checkpoint molecules and cellular systems associated with immune suppression. Methodology: During the development of cancer and chronic infections, the immune checkpoints and cellular components including regulatory T cells, myeloid derived suppressor cells and cancer associated fibroblasts are often enhanced as a mechanism of immune subversion and have therefore become very important therapeutic targets...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Rena Nakayama, Akira Nishiyama, Masahiko Shimada
Background: The effect of awake and sleep bruxism on periodontal disease has not been evaluated separately to date. Furthermore, there are few studies that have focused on awake bruxism with light force. Objective: The study aimed to investigate the frequency of sleep and awake bruxism in patients with periodontal disease. Methods: The subjects were 57 patients with periodontal disease who visited the Department of Periodontics of the Dental Hospital affiliated with Tokyo Medical and Dental University...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Sigmar Schnutenhaus, Thomas Martin, Jens Dreyhaupt, Heike Rudolph, Ralph G Luthardt
Background: Reduction of the soft tissue is an unavoidable consequence of tooth extraction without appropriate measures of Alveolar Ridge Preservation (ARP). Objectives: The objective of this study is the volumetric investigation of the dimensional change of the soft tissue post tooth extraction to compare an Alveolar Ridge Preservation (ARP) measure with the insertion of a combination material with a collagen cone to fill the alveolus, combined with a collagen membrane, with untreated extraction alveoli...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Aline Domingues Tavares Oliveira, Camila Stofella Sodré, Dennis de Carvalho Ferreira, Eliane de Dios Abad, Simone Saintive, Márcia Ribeiro, Fernanda Sampaio Cavalcante, Bruna Piciani, Lucio Souza Gonçalves
Introduction: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is more prevalent in children (10-20% of the world's population) than in adults. As its etiology is multifactorial, it is important to know the most frequent oral manifestations in atopic dermatitis patients. Methodology: In the last decades, the correlation between atopic dermatitis and conditions and/or changes in the oral cavity has been demonstrated by several studies. The objective of this paper was to describe, through a review of the literature, the oral health conditions and/or oral aspects identified in patients with atopic dermatitis...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Frederic Meyer, Bennett T Amaechi, Helge-Otto Fabritius, Joachim Enax
Background: The use of biomimetic agents is an emerging field in modern oral care. Promising biomimetic substances for such applications are calcium phosphates, because their chemical composition is very similar to that of the mineral phase in human teeth, especially of natural enamel. Examples for their application include the remineralization of early caries lesions and repair of small enamel defects. Objective: This review provides an interdisciplinary view on calcium phosphates and their applications in biomimetic oral care...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Ange Désiré Pockpa, Assem Soueidan, Pauline Louis, Nadin Thérèse Coulibaly, Zahi Badran, Xavier Struillou
Background: Conventional periodontal treatment, performed quadrant by quadrant in multiple visits, was re-evaluated in the early 1990s when the full-mouth disinfection concept was introduced. Over the years, several modifications to the full-mouth disinfection approach have been suggested. Objective: The purpose of this article is to review the evolution of full-mouth disinfection during the past 20 years, to specify its indications and to consider the prospects for this approach...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Roxana Sarmadi, Elin Viktoria Andersson, Peter Lingström, Pia Gabre
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate patients´ experiences of two excavation methods, Er:YAG laser and rotary bur and time required by the methods as well as objective assessments of quality and durability of restorations over a two-year period. Methods: A prospective, single-blind, randomized and controlled investigation was performed. Patients aged 15 to 40 years with at least two primary caries lesions, which had been radiographically assessed as of the same size, were recruited...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Ichaya Yiemwattana, Niratcha Chaisomboon, Kusuma Jamdee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Rahul Tiwari, P Srinivas Chakravarthi, Vivekanand S Kattimani, Krishna Prasad Lingamaneni
Background: Facial appearance is an important factor, affects social and psychological well-being. The ideal positioning of jaws and soft tissues is crucial during orthognathic surgery for a better outcome, but the response of facial soft tissues does not always reflect the exact movements of the underlying jaws in 1:1 ratio. So, soft tissue changes following orthognathic surgery require utmost attention during surgical correction to make successful treatment. Aims and Objectives: Evaluation of perioral soft tissue changes after orthognathic surgical procedures...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Priscila N Uehara, Victor Haruo Matsubara, Fernando Igai, Newton Sesma, Marcio K Mukai, Mauricio G Araujo
Aim: The aim of this systematic review was to compare the survival rate and the marginal bone loss between short implants (≤7 mm) placed in the atrophic area and longer implants placed in the augmented bone area of posterior regions of maxillaries. Methods: Electronic search using three databases was performed up to May 2017 to identify Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) assessing short implants survival with a minimal follow-up of 12 months post-loading. For the meta-analysis, a Risk Difference (RD) with the 95% Confidence Interval (CI) was used to pool the results of implant failure rate for each treatment group...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Gabriel Pires Pastore, Douglas Rangel Goulart, Patrícia Radaic Pastore, Alexandre Javaroni Prati, Márcio de Moraes
Background: Self-medication has been reported as an option which people choose to relieve the suffering of conditions that cause pain, however, this could delay the correct diagnosis and therapy. Objective: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of self-medication among patients with Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD), and to analyze correlations with the severity of the disease. Methods: A prospective study was conducted with patients who had been diagnosed with TMD...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
Background: Ketorolac has advantages over other analgesics as a pre-anaesthetic medication. Considering this in mind, the present meta-analysis aims to identify the effect of oral ketorolac premedication on the anaesthetic efficacy of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block (IANB) in patients with irreversible pulpitis. Methods: Full-texts of eligible studies were obtained from electronic databases. The extracted data was analysed using non-Cochrane mode in RevMan 5.0 software...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
João Dalto Viganó Pastro, Adriana Cândida Albuquerque Nogueira, Karina Maria Salvatore de Freitas, Fabricio Pinelli Valarelli, Rodrigo Hermont Cançado, Renata Cristina Gobbi de Oliveira, Ricardo Cesar Gobbi de Oliveira
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the possible factors associated to root resorption, common to daily clinical orthodontics, especially parafunctional habits. Methods: A retrospective study of 600 patients (308 females and 292 males) previously treated orthodontically was conducted. The sample was divided into two groups related to the degree of root resorption at the ending of treatment according to Malmgren. Group 1 comprised 507 patients with a mean initial age of 14...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Francesco Riccitiello, Massimo Amato, Renato Leone, Gianrico Spagnuolo, Roberto Sorrentino
Background: Prosthetic precision can be affected by several variables, such as restorative materials, manufacturing procedures, framework design, cementation techniques and aging. Marginal adaptation is critical for long-term longevity and clinical success of dental restorations. Marginal misfit may lead to cement exposure to oral fluids, resulting in microleakage and cement dissolution. As a consequence, marginal discrepancies enhance percolation of bacteria, food and oral debris, potentially causing secondary caries, endodontic inflammation and periodontal disease...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Damla Aksit Bicak
Background: Halitosis, in other words, oral malodor is an important multifactorial health problem affecting the psychological and social life of individuals and is the most common reason for referral to dentists after dental caries and periodontal diseases. Objective: The objective of this review was to present and discuss conventional and recently introduced information about the types, causes, detection and treatment methods of halitosis. Methods: An expanded literature review was conducted which targeted all articles published in peer-reviewed journals relating to the topic of halitosis...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Sabine Teubner, Patrick R Schmidlin, Giorgio Menghini, Thomas Attin, Stefan Baumgartner
Aim: Available information on the effect of orthodontic treatment on crestal alveolar bone levels measured in radiographs is contradictory. The aim of this study was to compare the alveolar bone level and periodontal ligament space of banded upper first molars to untreated controls. Materials and Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional radiographic study investigated alveolar bone levels of upper first molars of an orthodontic test group and an untreated control group of comparable age (15-16...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Mahdieh-Sadat Moosavi, Hoda Barati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Irina Stupar, Enver Yetkiner, Daniel Wiedemeier, Thomas Attin, Rengin Attin
Background: Lateral Cephalometric Radiographs (LCR) are a common decision-making aid in orthodontic treatment planning and are routinely used in clinical practice. The aim of this present study was to test the null hypothesis that LCR evaluation does not alter specific components of orthodontic treatment planning in Class II patients. Materials and Methods: Records of 75 patients, who had been treated at the Department of Orthodontics, Centre of Dental Medicine, University of Zurich comprised the study material...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
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