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Open Dentistry Journal

Enrico Spinas, Antonello Mameli, Luca Giannetti
Background: Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) represent 18-30% of all oral pathologies and a considerable number of these are sports related. It is very important to treat sports-related injuries and prevent complications. However, very few studies investigate the most expedient therapeutic strategies for the treatment of dental trauma correlated to sports. Objective: The aim of this work was to focus on the average recovery time for different lesions, to assess adequate times for each athlete, to identify any association with complications and to investigate whether or not the use of mouth-guards interfered with a full recovery to normal health...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Amir Eskandarloo, Arman Yousefi, Setareh Soheili, Karim Ghazikhanloo, Payam Amini, Haniyeh Mohammadpoor
Background: Nowadays, digital radiography is widely used in dental practice. One of the most common types is Photo Stimulated Phosphor Plate (PSP). Objective: The aims of this experimental study were to evaluate the impacts of different combinations of storage conditions and varying delays in reading of digital images captured using PSPs. Methods: Standardized images of a step wedges were obtained using PSPs from the Digora digital systems...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Rasmi Rikmasari, Gilang Yubiliana, Tantry Maulina
Background: The management of orofacial pain in Indonesia has not been well performed, which consequently led to an increase in the orofacial pain occurrences and a decreased quality of life. One of the possible reasons for this particular matter is the lack of evaluation on the risk factors that might induce orofacial pain in some individuals. Objective: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the risk factors of orofacial pain on productive age population in West Java province, Indonesia...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Narges Naghsh, Negar Kanuni Sabet, Forozan Vahidi, Ahmad Mogharehabed, Jaber Yaghini
Background: Chronic renal disease is a common condition with several recognized risk factors. Periodontal disease is a recently suggested risk factor for renal disease. We aimed to assess the relationship between periodontal disease and several serum factors in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 57 patients undergoing hemodialysis. Periodontal examination was done by measuring the mean Pocket Depth (PD), Silness-Löe Plaque Index (PI), Ainamo and Bay Bleeding On Probing (BOP), Löe and Silness Gingival Index (GI) and Clinical Attachment Loss (CAL)...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Stephen H Abrams, Koneswaran S Sivagurunathan, Josh D Silvertown, Bonny Wong, Adam Hellen, Andreas Mandelis, Warren M P Hellen, Gary I Elman, S M Mathew, Poornima K Mensinkai, Bennett T Amaechi
Introduction: The aim of this study was to correlate lesion depth of natural caries, measured with Polarized Light Microscopy (PLM), to Canary Numbers (CN) derived from The Canary System™ (CS), numerical readings from DIAGNOdent (DD), and lesion scores from ICDAS II. Methods: A total of 20 examination sites on extracted human molars and premolars were selected. The selected examination sites consisted of healthy and enamel caries on smooth and occlusal surfaces of each tooth...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Thomas Starch-Jensen, Annette Dalgaard Kjellerup
Introduction: Mandibular coronoid process hyperplasia is an uncommon congenital or developmental temporomandibular joint disorder, characterized by elongation of the coronoid process, which may cause limited mandibular movement as a consequence of interference between the hyperplastic coronoid process and the medial surface of the zygomatic arch. Methods: Mandibular coronoid process hyperplasia commonly affects males in the second decade of life and the exact aetiology and pathogenesis is unknown...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Zahed Mohammadi, Sousan Shalavi, Amir Moeintaghavi, Hamid Jafarzadeh
Introduction: As the root canal system considered to be complex and unpredictable, using root canal irrigants and medicaments are essential in order to enhance the disinfection of the canal. Sodium hypochlorite is the most common irrigant in endodontics. Despite its excellent antimicrobial activity and tissue solubility, sodium hypochlorite lacks some important properties such as substantivity and smear layer removing ability. Objective: The aim of this review was to address benefits and drawbacks of combining sodium hypochlorite with other root canal irrigants and medicaments...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Mahmoud Al-Dajani, Anas O Abouonq, Turki A Almohammadi, Mohammed K Alruwaili, Rayan O Alswilem, Ibrahim A Alzoubi
Objectives: To evaluate the epidemiological patterns of third molar impaction in a cohort of patients living in the north of Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study comprised of analysing 2550 Orthopantomograms (OPGs) belonging to patients who attended Aljouf University College of Dentistry between September 2013 and December 2015. OPGs were examined to determine the frequency of third molar impaction, their levels of eruption and angulations...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Amir Moeintaghavi, Hamid Reza Arab, Seyed Abdol Rahim Rezaee, Hani Naderi, Farid Shiezadeh, Saber Sadeghi, Najme Anvari
Aim: The purpose of this study was to compare IL-1β and IL-12 gene expression in the gingival tissue of smokers and non-smokers either with healthy periodontium or with chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: 41 individuals consisting of 21 healthy controls (11 non-smokers and 10 smokers) and 20 chronic periodontitis patients (10 non-smokers and 10 smokers) participated in this study. Samples were collected from papillary regions of targeted areas and cytokines were analyzed using Real Time PCR...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Wisam Al Hamadi, Fayez Saleh, Mohamad Kaddouha
Objective: The purpose of this study was to present early and adult cases of anterior open bite that were treated efficiently using different treatment approaches and mechanics. Materials and Methods: Five patients of different age groups (from 7 to 27 years), suffering from a clear Anterior open bite deformity, were properly diagnosed and relevant treatment modality for each was selected. Results: Positive overbite was efficiently achieved for all patients...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Pedram Sendi, Nadine Bertschinger, Christina Brand, Carlo P Marinello, Heiner C Bucher, Michael M Bornstein
Purpose: Two interforaminal dental implants in is a common treatment option for denture retention in edentulous patients. Economic methods to assess the patient's quality of life include the willingness to pay (WTP) for implant treatment and willingness to accept (WTA) to forgo implant treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess the monetary value of implant retained complete dentures using WTP and WTA. Methods: We included a convenience sample of 16 patients from a previously published cohort study on the survival of immediately loaded implants in edentulous patients to assess WTP and WTA for this treatment option...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Josh D Silvertown, Stephen H Abrams, Koneswaran S Sivagurunathan, Julia Kennedy, Jinseok Jeon, Andreas Mandelis, Adam Hellen, Warren Hellen, Gary Elman, Richard Ehrlich, Raffy Chouljian, Yoav Finer, Bennett T Amaechi
Introduction: A clinical study was initiated to investigate a caries detection device (The Canary System (CS)), based on photothermal radiometry and modulated luminescence (PTR-LUM). The primary objective of this study was to determine if PTR-LUM values (in the form of Canary Numbers; CN) correlate with International Caries Diagnostic and Assessment System (ICDAS II) scores and clinical situations. The secondary objectives of this study were to monitor the safety of PTR-LUM, and collect data to determine how CN values could be used to differentiate healthy from decayed tooth surfaces on a normalized scale...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Karolina Broberg, Birgitta Lindskog-Stokland, Christina Mejersjö
Objectives: To study anterior bite opening of unknown cause presenting in adulthood regarding prevalence, symptoms of Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD) and possible causes of the bite opening. Methods: Patients referred to two Orofacial Pain and TMD clinics with the complaint of recent anterior bite opening, presenting in adulthood and of unknown cause, were considered for the study. Patients with systemic rheumatic or neuromuscular diseases, degenerative joint disease, previous fractures of the jaws or orthodontic treatment, were excluded...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Romeo Patini, Patrizia Gallenzi, Gianrico Spagnuolo, Massimo Cordaro, Monica Cantiani, Adriana Amalfitano, Alessandro Arcovito, Cinzia Callà, Gertrude Mingrone, Giuseppina Nocca
Background and Objective: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with an increased risk of periodontitis even if the mechanism is unknown. Since both MetS and periodontitis are characterized by an alteration of inflammation status, the aim of this pilot study was to determine if differences in ROS metabolism of phagocytes isolated from (A) patients with MetS, (B) patients with both MetS and mild periodontitis, (C) healthy subjects and (D) normal weight subjects with mild periodontitis, were present...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Tamara E Abrams, Stephen H Abrams, Koneswaran S Sivagurunathan, Josh D Silvertown, Warren M P Hellen, Gary I Elman, Bennett T Amaechi
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of PTR-LUM (The Canary System, CS), laser fluorescence (DIAGNOdent, DD), LED fluorescence (Spectra), and visual inspection (ICDAS II) to detect natural decay around bonded amalgam restorations in vitro. Methods: Seventeen extracted human molars and premolars, consisting of visually healthy (n=5) and natural cavitated (n=12) teeth were selected. For the carious teeth, caries was removed leaving some decayed tissue on the floor and or wall of the preparation...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Saad Al-Almaie, Abdul Majeed Kavarodi, Ali Alorf, Saeed Alzahrani
Objective: The objective of this study is to compare and evaluate the effectiveness of implant placement and patient appraisal for two sinus lift techniques using both crestal and lateral techniques for bilateral sinus left in a split-mouth design. Introduction: All implants were successfully osseointegrated without any clinical complications or peri-implant radiolucency during the follow-up period of maximum 3 years. Methods: In terms of outcomes postoperative vertigo showed to be a major concern with the crestal approach, this approach is preferred over the lateral technique because of the reduced time required for the procedure and because it is less invasive...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Masoome Eivazi, Negar Falahi, Nastaran Eivazi, Mohammad Ali Eivazi, Asad Vaisi Raygani, Fatemeh Rezaei
Objective: Periodontitis is one of the main diseases in the oral cavity that causes tooth loss. The host immune response and inflammatory factors have important role in periodontal tissue. The current study was done with the objective to determine the effect of scaling and root planning on the salivary concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1-alpha (IL-1α). Methods: In this quasi-experimental clinical trial, 29 patients with chronic periodontitis and 29 healthy subjects without periodontitis were studied...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Tantry Maulina, Nina Djustiana, M Nurhalim Shahib
Background: In order to minimize the possibility of unsuccessful dental extraction procedure due to dental anxiety, there are several approaches that can be used, including music intervention. Objective: The objective of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of classical and religious Islamic music on reducing dental anxiety. Materials and methods: Two hundred and twenty-five muslim participants (105 males, 120 females) were recruited for this study and randomly assigned to three groups: classical music group, religious Islamic music group, and the group with no music intervention, equally in numbers...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Fuad Akbar Husain, Fransiske Tatengkeng
Background: Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) periphrastically has a significant impact on oral health. A recent study has shown the significant facts of the oral health-related quality of life based on many factors such as individual, social status, household management, daily habits, and local factors. The differences in the oral health status possibly occur in between countries, different regions, and topographical areas frequently and indirectly contributing to oral health status...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
Michele Runci, Francesco Saverio De Ponte, Roberto Falzea, Ennio Bramanti, Floriana Lauritano, Gabriele Cervino, Fausto Famà, Alessandro Calvo, Salvatore Crimi, Silvia Rapisarda, Marco Cicciù
Background: Orbital fractures are classified as diseases usually related to common midface trauma. It represents the most challenging treatment due to the complex anatomy, physiology, and aesthetic role. A midface trauma involves also the zygomatic complex and the nose, however the orbit fracture seems to be a more frequent disease due to its anatomical features. Objective: The purpose of this work is to retrospectively evaluate and record the frequency of the midfacial traumas and orbital fractures observed in the North Eastern Sicily...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
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