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Open Orthopaedics Journal

Mamoudou Sawadogo, Hamado Kafando, Salam Ouedraogo, Alexandre Stanislas Korsaga, Souleymane Ouedraogo, Sayouba Tinto, Anatole Jean Innocent Ouedraogo, Mohamed Tall, Songahir Christophe DA
Introduction: Head and neck resection of the femur was described by Girdlestone in 1928 in the treatment of coxalgia. Very invasive at the beginning, this intervention is much less so today, but the term of "Girdlestone's operation" or "Girdlestone's procedure" has remained in use. The reported results are controversial. In resource-limited countries, Girdlestone's procedure is often indicated for lack of a better one. In this context, we report the results of a series of 24 patients operated in a regional hospital (Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso) with the aim of showing that this technique remains valid and can be benefit...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Iain Rankin, Haroon Rehman, Mark Frame
Background: Traditional ACL reconstruction with non-anatomic techniques can demonstrate unsatisfactory long-term outcomes with regards instability and the degenerative knee changes observed with these results. Anatomic ACL reconstruction attempts to closely reproduce the patient's individual anatomic characteristics with the aim of restoring knee kinematics, in order to improve patient short and long-term outcomes. We designed an arthroscopic, patient-specific, ACL femoral tunnel guide to aid anatomical placement of the ACL graft within the femoral tunnel...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Miltiadis Argyropoulos, Matthew Kent
Background: Open reduction internal fixation of displaced 3 and 4-part proximal humerus fractures is an effective treatment modality particularly for the younger age group, but it is not without complications. Fixed angled locking screw plates are the mainstay of fixation. The A.L.P.S. Proximal Humerus Plating System is a new implant that has smooth locking pegs in the place of humeral head screws to help reduce glenoid damage in the event of cut-out and is designed to sit low on the humerus in order to reduce the risk of subacromial impingement...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Andreas Panagopoulos, Irini Tatani, Seferlis Yannis, Bavelou Aikaterini, Antonis Kouzelis, Minos Tyllianakis, Panayotis Dimakopoulos
Background: The valgus-impacted (VI) 4-part fractures are a subset of fractures of the proximal humerus with a unique anatomic configuration characterized by a relatively lower incidence of avascular necrosis after operative intervention. Objectives: The present study reports the midterm clinical and radiological results of a large series of consecutive patients with 4-part VI fractures treated with a minimal invasive technique of internal fixation. Methods: Over a ten-year period (2004-2014), we treated 56 patients with a true 4-part valgus impacted fracture of the proximal part of the humerus...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Jonathan Lans, Alejandro Lasa, Neal C Chen, Jesse B Jupiter
Background: The Scapholunate Interosseous Ligament (SLIL) is the first intrinsic carpal ligament to be injured in wrist trauma, present in up to 64% of the distal radius fractures. However, it remains unclear what patients develop symptoms, making primary treatment of these injuries accompanying distal radius fractures remains questionable. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional outcomes of patients with scapholunate diastasis associated with distal radius fractures...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Tsuyoshi Tajika, Atsushi Yamamoto, Noboru Oya, Takanori Kitagawa, Hiroki Kobayashi, Hitoshi Shitara, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi, Hirotaka Chikuda
Background: Elucidating the relation between bone health condition and muscle strength can provide useful knowledge for Japan's super-aged society. This study ascertained the Speed Of Sound (SOS) of the calcaneus and upper and lower limb muscle strength in a general population. Methods: Medical examinations were conducted of 277 adult residents (100 men, 177 women; average age 67.1 years) of a mountain village. Bilateral hand grip and hand key pinch strength were measured...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Yong He, Lianbo Xiao, Weitao Zhai, Maximilian F Kasparek, Guilin Ouyang, Friedrich Boettner
Background: Data on indication of Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty (UKA) in the Asian population are currently not available. The current paper evaluates patients undergoing knee replacement at a Chinese Orthopaedic Specialty Hospital to report the percentage of patients who meet radiographic and clinical indication criteria for UKA. Methods: Over a one-year period 463 consecutive patients (515 knees) underwent primary knee replacement surgery. Clinical data were recorded and preoperative radiographs were assessed...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
William W Cross, Arnold Delbridge, Donald Hales, Louis C Fielding
Background: Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) degeneration is a common source of low back pain (LBP). Minimally invasive (MI) SIJ fusion procedures have demonstrated meaningful clinical improvement. A recently developed MI SIJ fusion system incorporates decortication, placement of bone graft and fixation with threaded implants (DC/BG/TF). Patients and Methods: Nineteen patients who had MI SIJ fusion with DC/BG/TF were enrolled at three centers. Fusion was assessed in CT images obtained 12 and 24 months postoperatively by an independent radiographic core laboratory...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Sören Waldmann, Emanuel Benninger, Christoph Meier
Clavicle fractures are among the most common skeletal injuries accounting for 2-5% of all adult fractures. Historically, nonoperative treatment of midshaft clavicular fractures was considered the gold standard of care. Furthermore, nonoperative treatment has been challenged by an increasing popularity and rate of surgical fixations in recent years despite a lack of clear evidence in the current literature. Most fractures are suitable for conservative treatment. There is solid evidence in favour of nonoperative treatment for fractures with a displacement of less than 2cm and remaining contact of the bone fragments...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
José Luis Avila Lafuente, Santos Moros Marco, José Manuel García Pequerul
Background: Traditionally, initial management of first anterior shoulder dislocations consists of reduction of the glenohumeral joint followed by a period of immobilization and subsequent physical therapy to recover shoulder range of motion and strength. This traditional approach in management is now controversial due to the high rate of recurrence. The aim of this paper is to review and discuss the literature about the global management of patients presenting with first-time traumatic anterior glenohumeral dislocation, analyzing the factors that affect shoulder instability after the first episode of dislocation...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Kennard Harmsen, Polydoor E Huijsmans
Background: Bone defects of the glenoid are often found in patients with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability. There is no consensus regarding which glenoid defects need to be treated surgically. The aim of this review is to describe the management of glenoid defects in anterior shoulder instability in patients with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability. Methods: We conducted a review of the literature through a Pubmed search. Results: The management of glenoid defects in anterior shoulder instability consists of conservative or operative treatment...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Eran Maman, Ori Safran, Shaul Beyth, Gavriel Mozes, Assaf Dekel, Bernstein Michael, Ofir Chechik, Eliyahu Adar
Background: Lesions of the long head of the biceps (LHB) tendon are frequently associated with massive rotator cuff tears (RCT) and may be responsible for shoulder pain and disability. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate functional outcomes of arthroscopic biodegradable spacer implantation with or without biceps tenotomy as treatment for persistent shoulder dysfunction and pain due to a massive irreparable RCT. Methods: A total of 48 patients were implanted with the subacromial spacer using arthroscopic approach with or without biceps tenotomy...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Konstantinos C Xarchas, George Kyriakopoulos, Maria Vlachou, Katerina Manta
In calcaneal avulsion fractures, skin necrosis as a result of pressure from the underlying fragment is a fairly common and serious complication. In spite of proper treatment, skin healing complication may occur. We report a calcaneal fracture case complicated by skin necrosis and managed with a novel treatment strategy including application of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) and Vacuum Assisted Closure (VAC). This is the first application of combined PRP and VAC treatment in a calcaneal fracture complicated by skin necrosis and was accompanied with very favorable outcomes while avoiding other more complex treatment modalities...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Hans-Rudolf Weiss, Nicos Tournavitis, Sarah Seibel, Alexander Kleban
Introduction: There is a growing resistance from patients and their families to spinal fusion surgery for scoliosis. Due to inconclusive evidence that surgery has a long-term effect on scoliosis and/or improves the quality of life for patients with scoliosis, there is a need to extend the conservative perspective of treatment to patients with curvatures greater than 40 degrees. For that reason, a prospective cohort study was initiated to determine the effectiveness of the Gensingen brace (a Cheneau-style TLSO) in preventing progression in skeletally immature patients...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Shu-Yan Ng, Xiao-Feng Nan, Sang-Gil Lee, Nico Tournavitis
Introduction: Physiotherapeutic Scoliosis-Specific Exercises (PSSE) and bracing have been found to be effective in the stabilization of curves in patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). Yet, the difference among the many PSSEs and braces has not been studied. The present review attempts to investigate the role of curve correction in the outcome of treatment for PSSEs and braces. Material and Methods: A PubMed manual search has been conducted for studies on the role of correction in the effectiveness of PSSE and bracing...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Josette Bettany-Saltikov, Deborah Turnbull, Shu Yan Ng, Richard Webb
Introduction: The review evaluates the up-to-date evidence for the treatment of spinal deformities, including scoliosis and hyperkyphosis in adolescents and adults. Material and Methods: The PubMed database was searched for review articles, prospective controlled trials and randomized controlled trials related to the treatment of spinal deformities. Articles on syndromic scoliosis were excluded and so were the articles on hyperkyphosis of the spine with causes other than Scheuermann's disease and osteoporosis...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Shu-Yan Ng, Josette Bettany-Saltikov
The paper reviews the current imaging methods in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Radiography is generally used in the initial diagnosis of the condition. Postero-anterior erect full spine radiograph is generally prescribed, and is supplemented by lateral full spine radiograph when indicated. To reduce the radiation hazard, only the area of interest should be exposed, and follow-up radiographs should be taken with as few projections as possible. When available, EOS® stereoradiography should be used...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Marc Moramarco, Kathryn Moramarco, Maja Fadzan
Introduction: It has long been said that exercise-based rehabilitation for scoliosis is ineffective, however, these reports studied general exercises. This case report is a prospective one-year follow-up of a nearly skeletally mature adolescent female (Risser 4) with idiopathic scoliosis treated with Pattern-Specific-Scoliosis Rehabilitation (PSSR). Methods: The 15-year old patient recommended for surgery (initial Cobb angle of 45°) completed a 16-hour scoliosis-specific back school (according to Schroth Best Practice®), over the course of five weeks...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Maja Fadzan, Josette Bettany-Saltikov
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is one of the most common spinal deformities, yet its cause is unknown. Various theories look to biomechanical, neuromuscular, genetic, and environmental origins, yet our understanding of scoliosis etiology is still limited. Determining the cause of a disease is crucial to developing the most effective treatment. Associations made with scoliosis do not necessarily point to causality, and it is difficult to determine whether said associations are primary (playing a role in development) or secondary (develop as a result of scoliosis)...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Kathryn Moramarco, Maksym Borysov
The treatment of scoliosis has a long history dating back to Hippocrates and his luxation table. In recent history, conservative rehabilitation treatment methods have come and gone. Some have had more longevity than others and currently there are only a handful of these "schools" for rehabilitation in existence. What is important to note in this twenty-first century world is that any approach to bracing or scoliosis rehabilitation must strive for a correction effect and be as user-friendly as possible. Patients look to achieve some measure of success, whether it be halted Cobb angle, improved breathing function, decreased rotation, or postural improvement via trunk symmetry...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
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