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Open Nursing Journal

Thokozani Bvumbwe, Ntombifikile Gloria Mtshali
Background: Malawi made great strides to increase the number of nurses through the Emergency Human Resource for Health Program. However, quantity of health workforce alone is not adequate to strengthen the health system. Malawi still reports skill mix imbalance and geographical mal-distribution of the nursing workforce. Health systems must continuously adapt and evolve according to the health care needs and inform health professionals' education to accelerate gains in health outcomes...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Panagiotis E Prezerakos
Background: Emotional Intelligence has made a significant contribution to effective leadership, becoming one of the key characteristics of leaders.Objective: The aim of the present study was to review qualitative and quantitative studies concerning Emotional Intelligence of nurse leaders and the evidence-based composition of their results. Method: A search was performed in the electronic databases (Pubmed, Scopus and CINAHL) for articles, which were published in the period 2000-2017 in English or Greek...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Mohanad Naji Sahib
Background: Poor quality of life, fractures and disability are the consequences of preventable osteoporosis. Objectives: The aims of this study were to validate and assess Osteoporosis Self-efficacy Scale (OSES-A) Arabic version among Iraqi general population. Methods: A cross-sectional study with a random cluster sampling method from the community was used. Forward-backward-forward translation method was used to translate the questionnaire from English to Arabic...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Muhammad W Darawad, Nedal Alfasfos, Ismael Zaki, Malek Alnajar, Sawsan Hammad, Osama A Samarkandi
Background: Critically ill patients are hypermetabolic and have increased energy requirements, making nutritional support a vital intervention. In the Intensive Care Units, enteral nutrition is based on opinions rather than evidence-based practices. Therefore, there is a need to identify the barriers to evidence based practice protocols for enteral feeding of patients in Jordanian ICUs. Aims: To explore Jordanian ICU nurses' perceived barriers for enteral nutrition that hinders them from utilizing the recommended EN guidelines...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Annika M Kisch, Anna Forsberg
Background: There is limited knowledge about the perspective of patients undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) about having a sibling as donor. It is essential to understand the main concerns of stem cell recipients in order to enable nurses to provide person-centred care. Objectives: The study aim was to explore patients' main concerns about having a sibling stem cell donor and how the patients handle them, from immediately before until one year after transplantation...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Elinor Nielsen, Ingrid Wåhlin, Gunilla Hollman Frisman
Background: Patients going through surgery being awake often have a sense of anxiety and need support to relax. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether looking at pictures of natural scenery could reduce anxiety and pain and increase relaxation and well-being being awake during the elective surgery. Methods: This three-arm, randomized intervention study consisted of one group viewing pictures of natural scenery, one group listening to soft instrumental music, and one control group without distraction, all adult patients (n=174)...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Sung Hae Kim, Yoona Choi, Ji-Hye Lee, Da-El Jang, Sanghee Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Aires G Santos-Junior, Adriano M Ferreira, Oleci P Frota, Marcelo A Rigotti, Larissa da S Barcelos, Alvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Denise de Andrade, Odanir G Guerra, Mara C R Furlan
Background: Failures in the processes of cleaning and disinfecting health service surfaces may result in the spread and transfer of pathogens that are often associated with healthcare-related infections and outbreaks. Aims: To assess the effectiveness of environmental surface cleaning and disinfection in a hospital clinic. Method: The study was conducted in a nursing ward with 45 beds. A total of 80 samples from five high-touch surfaces were evaluated before and after cleaning and disinfection, using the following methods: visual inspection, adenosine triphosphate bioluminescence assay, aerobic colony count, Staphylococcus aureus colony count, and evaluation of resistance to methicillin...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Sung Hae Kim, Yoona Choi, Ji-Hye Lee, Da-El Jang, Sanghee Kim
Background: The prevalence of chronic diseases has been rapidly increased due to population aging. As the duration of care needs increase, the caregivers' socioeconomic burdens have also increased. Objective: This review examines the attributes of caregiving experience and quality of life of caregivers in Korea with a focus on the application of nursing theory. Method: We reviewed studies on caregivers' caring for adult patients published till 2016 in 4 bio-medical research portal websites or data bases...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Nesrin N Abu Baker, Nahla Al-Ali, Ranyah Al-Ajlouni
Background: Obesity is a serious public health problem especially among adolescents. Understanding adolescents' attitudes toward obesity and healthy lifestyle is a crucial step to develop effective health programs to treat and prevent obesity. Objectives: To examine the attitudes toward overweight and obesity among Jordanian adolescent students and to identify the components of obesity prevention program that the students perceive as important. Methods: A sample of 1000 students in 8th to 10th grades was randomly selected from 16 schools in Irbid, Jordan...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Marie Truglio-Londrigan, Jason T Slyer
Background: Shared decision-making has received national and international interest by providers, educators, researchers, and policy makers. The literature on shared decision-making is extensive, dealing with the individual components of shared decision-making rather than a comprehensive process. This view of shared decision-making leaves healthcare providers to wonder how to integrate shared decision-making into practice. Objective: To understand shared decision-making as a comprehensive process from the perspective of the patient and provider in all healthcare settings...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
Kristy A Baron
Background: The complexity of health care today requires nursing graduates to use effective thinking skills. Many nursing programs are revising curricula to include concept-based learning that encourages problem-solving, effective thinking, and the ability to transfer knowledge to a variety of situations-requiring nurse educators to modify their teaching styles and methods to promote student-centered learning. Changing from teacher-centered learning to student-centered learning requires a major shift in thinking and application...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
Nayyereh Davoudi, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Mohammad Saeed Zokaei, Nematallah Fazeli
Background and Objective: Regarding the fact that emergency ward has unique characteristics, whose uniqueness affects informed consent processes by creating specific challenges. Hence, it seems necessary to identify the process and challenges of informed consent in the emergency ward through a qualitative study to understand actual patients' and health care providers' experiences, beliefs, values, and feelings about the informed consent in the emergency ward. Through such studies, new insight can be gained on the process of informed consent and its challenges with the hope that the resulting knowledge will enable the promotion of ethical, legal as well as effective health services to the patients in the emergency ward...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
John R Cutcliffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Open Nursing Journal
Mary Halter, Ferruccio Pelone, Olga Boiko, Carole Beighton, Ruth Harris, Julia Gale, Stephen Gourlay, Vari Drennan
Background: Nurse turnover is an issue of concern in health care systems internationally. Understanding which interventions are effective to reduce turnover rates is important to managers and health care organisations. Despite a plethora of reviews of such interventions, strength of evidence is hard to determine. Objective: We aimed to review literature on interventions to reduce turnover in nurses working in the adult health care services in developed economies...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
Anna Catherine Elliott, Graham R Williamson
Background: Many randomised control trials and systematic reviews have examined the benefits of glucocorticoids for the treatment of croup in children, but they have reported mainly on dexamethasone as an oral treatment for croup. No systematic reviews have examined prednisolone alone. Aim: To determine in a systematic review of the literature whether a single dose of oral prednisolone is as effective as a single dose of dexamethasone for reducing croup symptoms in children...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
Maria Laura Magrini, Clara Minto, Francesca Lazzarini, Matteo Martinato, Dario Gregori
Background: The self-monitoring of caloric intake is becoming necessary as the number of pathologies related to eating increases. New wearable devices may help people to automatically record energy assumed in their meals. Objective: The present review collects the released articles about wearable devices or method for automatic caloric assessments. Method: A literature research has been performed with PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus and ClinicalTrials...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
Giulia Carletti, Nicola Soriani, Martina Mattiazzi, Dario Gregori
Background: Measuring service quality aids health care providers to recognize specific and unmet needs of patients. Nevertheless, perceived quality of health care services (PQC) is often investigated with inadequate techniques which may lead to biased results. Objective: The aim of the present study is to develop a proof-of-concept for estimating the PQC using the scale-up estimator, with reference to a concrete assessment in patients of a major Oncology Hospital in Veneto (IOV)...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
Slavica Zec, Nicola Soriani, Rosanna Comoretto, Ileana Baldi
Background: Cohen's Kappa is the most used agreement statistic in literature. However, under certain conditions, it is affected by a paradox which returns biased estimates of the statistic itself. Objective: The aim of the study is to provide sufficient information which allows the reader to make an informed choice of the correct agreement measure, by underlining some optimal properties of Gwet's AC1 in comparison to Cohen's Kappa, using a real data example. Method: During the process of literature review, we have asked a panel of three evaluators to come up with a judgment on the quality of 57 randomized controlled trials assigning a score to each trial using the Jadad scale...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
Daniele Chiffi, Paola Berchialla, Dario Gregori
Background: Research in Health Risk Assessment is increasingly covering a preeminent role in health care studies. However, risk assessment faces the issue of properly measuring risk exposure. Objective: The aim of the study has been to tackle some methodological issues regarding the risk assessment analysis in the health field, giving more emphasis to a philosophical and epistemological approach in order to show the difficulties in adopting suitable exposure assessment techniques...
2017: Open Nursing Journal
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