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Open AIDS Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867437/sero-prevalence-and-correlates-of-hepatitis-b-and-c-co-infection-among-hiv-infected-individuals-in-two-regional-hospitals-in-cameroon
#1
Henry Namme Luma, Servais Albert Fiacre Bagnaka Eloumou, Domin Sone Majunda Ekaney, Fernando Kemta Lekpa, Olivier Donfack-Sontsa, Bertrand Hugo Mbatchou Ngahane, Yacouba Njankouo Mapoure
BACKGROUND: Liver disease related to Hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) infection has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV/AIDS patients. Data on the prevalence of HBV and HCV in Cameroon remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the sero-prevalence and correlates of Hepatitis markers in HIV/AIDS patients in two Regional Hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out from December 2014 to March 2015. HIV/AIDS patients aged 21 were included and above, receiving care at HIV treatment centres...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857825/evaluation-of-the-upgraded-version-2-0-of-the-roche-cobas-%C3%A2-ampliprep-cobas-%C3%A2-taqman-hiv-1-qualitative-assay-in-central-african-children
#2
C D Mossoro-Kpinde, M A Jenabian, J C Gody, L Robin, P Talla, Jdd Longo, G Grésenguet, L Belec
BACKGROUND: Several commercially available molecular techniques were developed based on subtype B of HIV-1, which represents only 10% of HIV strains worldwide. Indeed, in sub-Saharan Africa, non-B subtypes of HIV-1 are predominant. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performances of the COBAS(®) AmpliPrep/COBAS(®) (CAP/CTM) HIV-1 Qualitative assays to detect the broad range of HIV-1 variants circulating in Central Africa and compare to the outgoing CAP/CTM HIV-1 Quantitative test v2...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790293/apolipoprotein-b-gene-polymorphisms-and-dyslipidemia-in-hiv-infected-adult-zimbabweans
#3
Vitaris Kodogo, Danai Tavonga Zhou, Olav Oektedalen, Kerina Duri, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Exnevia Gomo
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia does not occur in all HIV-infected or antiretroviral therapy-experienced patients suggesting role of host genetic factors but there is paucity of data on association between dyslipidemia and gene polymorphisms in Zimbabwe. OBJECTIVE: To determine association of lipoprotein levels and apolipoprotein B polymorphisms in HIV-infected adults. METHOD: Demographic data were collected from 103 consenting patients; lipoprotein levels were determined and blood samples were successfully genotyped for both apolipoprotein B 2488C>T Xba1 and apolipoprotein B 4154G>A p...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708747/influence-of-the-first-consultation-on-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-for-hiv-infected-patients
#4
Marion Peyre, Aurélie Gauchet, Matthieu Roustit, Pascale Leclercq, Olivier Epaulard
BACKGROUND: Physician attitude influences the way patients cope with diagnosis and therapy in chronic severe diseases such as cancer. Previous studies showed that such an effect exists in HIV care; it is likely that it begins with the first contact with a physician. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore in HIV-infected persons their perception of the first consultation they had with an HIV specialist (PFC-H), and whether this perception correlates with adherence to antiretroviral therapy...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708746/associations-and-trends-in-cause-specific-rates-of-death-among-persons-reported-with-hiv-infection-23-u-s-jurisdictions-through-2011
#5
William K Adih, Richard M Selik, H Irene Hall, Aruna Surendera Babu, Ruiguang Song
BACKGROUND: Published death rates for persons with HIV have not distinguished deaths due to HIV from deaths due to other causes. Cause-specific death rates would allow better assessment of care needs. METHODS: Using data reported to the US national HIV surveillance system, we examined a) associations between selected decedent characteristics and causes of death during 2007-2011, b) trends in rates of death due to underlying causes among persons with AIDS during 1990-2011, and among all persons with diagnosed HIV infection (with or without AIDS) during 2000-2011...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651851/design-and-weighting-methods-for-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-hiv-infected-adults-receiving-medical-care-in-the-united-states-medical-monitoring-project
#6
Ronaldo Iachan, Christopher H Johnson, Richard L Harding, Tonja Kyle, Pedro Saavedra, Emma L Frazier, Linda Beer, Christine L Mattson, Jacek Skarbinski
BACKGROUND: Health surveys of the general US population are inadequate for monitoring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection because the relatively low prevalence of the disease (<0.5%) leads to small subpopulation sample sizes. OBJECTIVE: To collect a nationally and locally representative probability sample of HIV-infected adults receiving medical care to monitor clinical and behavioral outcomes, supplementing the data in the National HIV Surveillance System...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583063/infectious-and-non-infectious-etiologies-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#7
Daniel B Chastain, Travis S King, Kayla R Stover
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of HIV have been observed in women, African Americans, and Hispanics, particularly those residing in rural areas of the United States. Although cardiovascular (CV) complications in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have significantly decreased following the introduction of antiretroviral therapy on a global scale, in many rural areas, residents face geographic, social, and cultural barriers that result in decreased access to care. Despite the advancements to combat the disease, many patients in these medically underserved areas are not linked to care, and fewer than half achieve viral suppression...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583062/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-usefulness-of-mobile-text-phone-messages-to-improve-the-quality-of-care-of-hiv-and-aids-patients-in-cameroon
#8
Dickson Shey Nsagha, Innocent Lange, Peter Nde Fon, Jules Clement Nguedia Assob, Elvis Asangbeng Tanue
BACKGROUND: HIV and AIDS are major public health problems in the world and Africa. In Cameroon, the HIV prevalence is 5.1%. Cellphones have been found to be useful in the provision of modern health care services using short message services (SMS). This study assessed the effectiveness of SMS in improving the adherence of people living with HIV and AIDS to their treatment and care in Cameroon. METHODS: This intervention study used a randomized controlled trial design...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563366/exploratory-analysis-for-the-evaluation-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-cholesterol-and-triglycerides-after-switching-from-tenofovir-emtricitabine-plus-atazanavir-ritonavir-atv-r-to-abacavir-lamivudine-plus-atv-r-in-patients-with-preserved-renal-function
#9
Maria Concetta Postorino, Eugenia Quiros-Roldan, Franco Maggiolo, Simona Di Giambenedetto, Nicoletta Ladisa, Giuseppe Lapadula, Silvia Lorenzotti, Laura Sighinolfi, Filippo Castelnuovo, Massimo Di Pietro, Daria Gotti, Nicola Mazzini, Carlo Torti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Renal toxicity due to tenofovir (TDF) has been largely described in patients with HIV infection. However, other antiretroviral drugs (such as atazanavir [ATV], especially when boosted by ritonavir, ATV/r) could perpetuate some degrees of renal impairment with or without TDF co-administration. Also, possible benefits of stopping TDF in patients without renal diseases is not well known. This study aimed at exploring evolution of renal function and lipid profile after switching from tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) to abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC), maintaining the ATV/r component of the regimen...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386014/hiv-infection-care-and-viral-suppression-among-people-who-inject-drugs-28-u-s-jurisdictions-2012-2013
#10
Debra L Karch, Kristen Mahle Gray, Jing Shi, H Irene Hall
OBJECTIVES: Assess outcomes along the care continuum for HIV-infected people who inject drugs (PWID), by type of facility and stage of infection at diagnosis. METHODS: Data reported by 28 jurisdictions to the National HIV Surveillance System by December 2014 were used to identify PWID aged ≥13 years, diagnosed with HIV infection before December 31, 2013. Analyses used the CDC definition of linkage to care (LTC), retention in care (RIC), and viral suppression (VS), and are stratified by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and type of facility and stage of HIV infection at diagnosis...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347275/partnering-patterns-and-sexual-behavior-among-korean-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#11
Minsoo Jung
This qualitative study investigates the different methods for selecting sex partners by Korean homosexuals considering factors related to homosexual identity and sexual behavior. We take the approach of the grounded theory to examine the issue of sexual partnering of men who have sex with men (MSM). In-depth interviews of urban MSM and bisexual men were conducted. The snowball sampled through a MSM portal web site. Three key informants from the several areas were collected through a MSM portal website, and then, participants were gradually recruited with the snowball samplings in South Korea, 2011 (n=32)...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347274/assessing-implicit-cognition-among-patients-lost-to-follow-up-for-hiv-care-a-preliminary-study
#12
Eric Houston, Thomas Lyons, Brenda Wolfe, Norma Rolfsen, Maryanne Williams, Monique Rucker, Nancy Glick
OBJECTIVE: While a growing body of research indicates that implicit cognitive processes play an important role in a range of health behaviors, the assessment of these impulsive, associative mental processes among patients living with HIV has received little attention. This preliminary study explored how multidimensional scaling (MDS) could be used to assess implicit cognitive processes among patients lost to follow-up for HIV care and develop interventions to improve their engagement...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347273/hiv-self-testing-self-stigma-and-haart-treatment-at-the-university-of-limpopo-health-sciences-students-opinion-and-perspectives
#13
Engetani Nkuna, Norman Z Nyazema
HIV self-testing (HIVST) is an empowering process in which an individual performs an HIV rapid diagnostic test and interprets the result in privacy. Policy makers have turned to it to facilitate greater uptake, earlier diagnosis, access to prevention, care and treatment services. The University of Limpopo now has an established HIV counselling and testing (HCT) service. Unfortunately, the uptake of this HCT service by the student body is not encouraging. It was against this background that a study was carried out among health sciences students, to assess the potential of HIVST to increase access to and uptake of HIV testing on campus...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347272/hiv-prevention-the-key-to-ending-aids-by-2030
#14
Nana K Poku
There is no viable substitute for re-energizing, funding and supporting culturally attuned, locally staffed HIV advocacy and prevention programmes, especially in resource poor settings. The evidence that such interventions are effective remains compelling; and although the cost implications are not negligible, the medium to long-term outcomes must be regarded not as complementary, but as integral, to biomedical interventions. The success of the anti-retroviral drugs upscale has enabled a noticeable improvement in AIDS related morbidity and mortality in the recent years; yet the underlying dynamics of the epidemic remains undetermined by the rate at which new infections are taking place in relation to the number of AIDS deaths...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347271/hiv-risk-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-women-who-have-sex-with-women-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-populations-in-south-africa-a-mini-review
#15
Meredith G B Evans, Allanise Cloete, Nompumelelo Zungu, Leickness C Simbayi
BACKGROUND: The HIV epidemic in South Africa is characterized mainly by heterosexual transmission. Recently, the importance of targeting key populations and marginalized groups, including men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender people, has been added to the national agenda. OBJECTIVES: This mini-review explores the current state of empirical research on HIV risk and MSM, women who have sex with women (WSW), lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) populations in South Africa in order to assess the current state of research and identify gaps in the literature...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347270/hiv-infection-and-aids-in-sub-saharan-africa-current-status-challenges-and-opportunities
#16
Ayesha B M Kharsany, Quarraisha A Karim
Global trends in HIV infection demonstrate an overall increase in HIV prevalence and substantial declines in AIDS related deaths largely attributable to the survival benefits of antiretroviral treatment. Sub-Saharan Africa carries a disproportionate burden of HIV, accounting for more than 70% of the global burden of infection. Success in HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa has the potential to impact on the global burden of HIV. Notwithstanding substantial progress in scaling up antiretroviral therapy (ART), sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 74% of the 1...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347269/evolution-of-hiv-and-aids-programmes-in-an-african-institution-of-higher-learning-the-case-of-the-copperbelt-university-in-zambia
#17
Nawa Sanjobo, Matilda Lukwesa, Charity Kaziya, Cornwell Tepa, Bernard Puta
BACKGROUND: Universities present the foundation for socio-economic and political development. Without structures and processes to fight HIV, there is no prospect of enhancing treatment, prevention, care and support services. Copperbelt University HIV and AIDS response was initiated in 2003 with the aim of building capacity of students and employees in HIV and AIDS. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this paper is to demonstrate how the CBU HIV response has evolved over time and provide a timeline of important milestones in the development process...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347268/a-review-of-hiv-and-surgery-in-africa
#18
K Bowa, B Kawimbe, D Mugala, D Musowoya, A Makupe, M Njobvu, C Simutowe
HIV has a significant impact on surgery in Africa. Its' influence has spanned a period of about 30 years. In the 1980s' Africa experienced a rise in the national prevalence of HIV spreading across East Africa through Southern Africa, and reaching peak prevalence in the Southern African region. These prevalence levels have affected four key areas of surgical practice; namely patient care, practice of surgery, surgical pathologies, the practitioner and more recently prevention. The surgical patient is more likely to be HIV positive in Africa, than elsewhere in the world...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347267/editorial-hiv-infection-and-aids-in-africa-issues-lessons-learnt-and-next-steps
#19
Oscar O Simooya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Open AIDS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27014393/acceptability-of-couples-voluntary-hiv-testing-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-care-and-their-hiv-negative-partners-in-the-united-states
#20
Kristin M Wall, Lauren Canary, Kimberly Workowski, Annie Lockard, Jeb Jones, Patrick Sullivan, Katherine Hills, Kadija Fofana, Rob Stephenson, Susan Allen
INTRODUCTION: Couples' voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CHTC) is an HIV risk reduction strategy not widely available in the US. METHODS: We assessed willingness to participate in CHTC among US HIV-infected clinic patients via tablet-based survey and among HIV-negative persons with HIV-infected partners in care via mixed-method phone interviews. RESULTS: Most of the N=64 HIV-infected partners surveyed were men (89%), on antiretroviral treatment (ART) (92%), and many self-identified homosexual (62%)...
2016: Open AIDS Journal
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